SUST

Collage of Engineering
School of Civil Engineering
4th Class – 7th semester – 2014

Structural Analysis II
Moment Distribution Method
(Hardy Cross Method)

Tutorial No. (3)

Continuous Beams
Eng. Nyazi Tawfeeg

33𝑘 = 1+1.57) 𝑂𝑅 (𝐷𝐶𝐷 = 1 − 0.33𝑘+𝑘 = 1. Solution: 1) Fixed End Moments: 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐴𝐵 =− 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐵𝐴 = 𝑃𝑎𝑏2 𝐿2 𝑃𝑎 2 𝑏 𝐿2 =− 60×4×22 62 60×42 ×2 62 = 𝐹 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐵𝐶 = −𝑀𝐶𝐵 =− 𝐹 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐶𝐷 = 𝑀𝐷𝐶 =− 𝜔𝐿2 12 𝑃𝐿 8 = −26. 𝑚 =− =− 20×32 12 30×8 8 = −15 𝑘𝑁.43) Eng.33𝑘 = 1+1.33 1.57 = 0. 𝑚 = −30 𝑘𝑁.33𝑘 1.33 = 0. 𝑚 2) Calculate the Stiffness: → 𝐾𝐴𝐵 = 1.2 Moment Distribution Method (Beams) Structural Analysis II Example 1 Calculate the final end moments and then sketch the shear force diagram for the following beam using the Moment Distribution Method taking the Elastic Modulus (E) as constant.5𝐸𝐼 6 → 𝐾𝐵𝐶 = 𝐸𝐼 3 → 𝐾𝐶𝐷 = 2𝐸𝐼 8 𝐸𝐼 4 = = ⇛ 𝐿𝑒𝑡 𝑘 = 𝐸𝐼/4 𝐸𝐼 4 ⇛ 𝐾𝐴𝐵 = 𝑘 ⇛ 𝐾𝐵𝐶 = 1. 𝑚 = 53.33 𝑘𝑁.43 = 0.33𝑘 ⇛ 𝐾𝐶𝐷 = 𝑘 3) Distribution factors: → 𝐷𝐴𝐵 = 0 ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐵 → 𝐷𝐵𝐴 = 𝐾 𝐾𝐴𝐵 → 𝐷𝐵𝐶 = 𝐾 𝐾𝐵𝐶 ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐶 𝐴𝐵 +𝐾𝐵𝐶 1 1.33𝑘+𝑘 = 1. Nyazi Tawfeeg ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐴 .33 = 0.33𝑘 1.57 → 𝐷𝐶𝐵 = 𝐾 → 𝐷𝐶𝐷 = 𝐾 𝐾𝐶𝐷 𝐵𝐶 +𝐾𝐶𝐷 ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐷 𝑘 = 𝑘+1.43 → 𝐷𝐷𝐶 = 0 = 1.57 𝐾𝐵𝐶 𝐵𝐶 +𝐾𝐶𝐷 = 1.33+1 = 0.67 𝑘𝑁.33 𝑘 1 𝐴𝐵 +𝐾𝐵𝐶 = 𝑘+1.33+1 = 0.43 𝑂𝑅 (𝐷𝐵𝐶 = 1 − 0.

88 0.78 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 4.23 6.06 0.07 Eng.57 0.88 -17.70 0.01 -0.02 -0.10 0.03 -0.70 -1.43 0 𝐹.85 -8.45 -10.01 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝑭𝒊𝒏𝒂𝒍 𝑬𝒏𝒅 𝑴𝒐𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒔 0.92 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 -0.24 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 -1.57 0.08 0.67 -0.35 -0. 𝐸.01 -0.89 0.05 0.01 0.3 Moment Distribution Method (Beams) Structural Analysis II 4) Moment distribution Table: 𝑱𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕 A B C D 𝑴𝒆𝒎𝒃𝒆𝒓 AB BA BC CB CD DC 𝑫𝒊𝒕𝒓𝒊𝒃𝒖𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏 𝑭𝒂𝒄𝒕𝒐𝒓 0 0.15 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 0.38 -0.28 -36.93 3.43 0. 𝑀 -26.52 -0.33 -15 15 -30 30 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 -16.65 0.22 2.55 6.51 0.23 4.26 0.15 -0.39 -33.12 -1.02 0. Nyazi Tawfeeg 5) The shear force diagram: .11 -0.44 -0.00 33.35 0.19 0.08 -0.34 -1.03 8.02 0.26 -0.01 -0.02 1 2 3 4 5 6 36.03 -0.48 -21.04 -0.84 -2.20 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 3.39 17.06 0.67 53.

5𝑘+𝑘 = 1.57𝑘 3) Distribution factors: ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐴 → 𝐷𝐴𝐵 = 0 ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐵 → 𝐷𝐵𝐴 = 𝐾 𝐾𝐴𝐵 → 𝐷𝐵𝐶 = 𝐾 𝐾𝐵𝐶 1. Solution: 1) Fixed End Moments: 𝐹 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐴𝐵 = −𝑀𝐵𝐴 =− 𝑃𝐿 8 𝐹 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐵𝐶 = −𝑀𝐶𝐵 =− 𝜔𝐿2 12 =− 20×4 8 =− = −10 𝑘𝑁.5𝑘 = 1.40 𝐾𝐵𝐶 𝐵𝐶 +𝐾𝐶𝐷 = 𝑘+0.57 = 0.57𝑘 = 1+0. Nyazi Tawfeeg ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐶 𝐴𝐵 +𝐾𝐵𝐶 .4 Moment Distribution Method (Beams) Structural Analysis II Example 2 Calculate the final end moments at joints for the following beam using the Moment Distribution Method considering the beam has a constant value of the Elastic Modulus (E).5+1 = 0.36 → 𝐷𝐷𝐶 = 0 Eng.33 𝑘𝑁.57 = 𝑘+0. 𝑚 4×52 12 = −8.57𝑘 0.5+1 = 0.5𝑘+𝑘 = 1.57𝑘 = 1+0.5 𝑘 1 𝐴𝐵 +𝐾𝐵𝐶 = 1.60 𝑘 1 0.5𝑘 = (55)(10−5 𝐸) = 𝑘 = (47)(10−5 𝐸) = 0.64 → 𝐷𝐶𝐵 = 𝐾 → 𝐷𝐶𝐷 = 𝐾 𝐾𝐶𝐷 𝐵𝐶 +𝐾𝐶𝐷 ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐷 1. 𝑚 𝐹 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐶𝐷 = 𝑀𝐷𝐶 =0 2) Stiffness: → 𝐾𝐴𝐵 = → 𝐾𝐵𝐶 = → 𝐾𝐶𝐷 = 𝐸𝐼 𝐿 = 𝐸×(6000×10−8 ) = (64)(10−5 𝐸) 4 𝐸×(5000×10−8 ) 5 𝐸×(4000×10−8 ) 7 𝐿𝑒𝑡 𝑘 = (10−5 𝐸) ⇛ ⇛ 𝐾𝐴𝐵 = (64)𝑘 = 1.57 = 0.

54 Example 3 Using the Moment Distribution Method calculate the bending moment at supports for the following beam.33 𝑘𝑁. Nyazi Tawfeeg 2) Stiffness: . 𝑚 → 𝐾𝐴𝐵 = 𝐾𝐷𝐸 = 𝐸𝐼 4 → 𝐾𝐵𝐶 = 𝐾𝐶𝐷 = 𝐸𝐼 6 ⇛ ⇛ 𝐿𝑒𝑡 𝑘 = (𝐸𝐼/6) ⇛ 𝐾𝐴𝐵 = 𝐾𝐷𝐸 = 1.00 -0.33 -1.5 Moment Distribution Method (Beams) Structural Analysis II 4) Moment distribution Table: 𝑱𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕 A B C D 𝑴𝒆𝒎𝒃𝒆𝒓 AB BA BC CB CD DC 𝑫𝒊𝒕𝒓𝒊𝒃𝒖𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏 𝑭𝒂𝒄𝒕𝒐𝒓 0 0.50 10 -8.50 0.00 -0.01 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 -0.01 -0.36 0 𝐹.40 0.54 -0.18 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 0.60 1.07 -3.07 -1.12 0.01 -0.33 0 0 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 -0.01 0.11 0.19 -0.64 3.04 -0.00 0.80 0.03 -0.07 0.01 0.64 0.02 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝑭𝒊𝒏𝒂𝒍 𝑬𝒏𝒅 𝑴𝒐𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒔 0.06 -0.67 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 0.60 0.01 -0. 𝑚 𝐹 𝐹 𝐹 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐵𝐶 = −𝑀𝐶𝐵 = 𝑀𝐶𝐷 = −𝑀𝐷𝐶 =− 10×62 12 = −30 𝑘𝑁.22 0.67 -2.11 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 -0.07 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 -5.01 0.06 0.64 -10.01 0.04 -0.5𝑘 𝐾𝐵𝐶 = 𝐾𝐶𝐷 = 𝑘 Eng.33 -3.00 0. 𝐸.01 0.00 0.35 -0.00 10.00 -0.07 -0.00 0. [𝐸𝐼 ≡ 𝐶𝑜𝑛𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑡] Solution: 1) Fixed End Moments: 𝐹 𝐹 𝐹 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐴𝐵 = −𝑀𝐵𝐴 = 𝑀𝐷𝐸 = −𝑀𝐸𝐷 =− 10×42 12 = −13. 𝑀 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 -10 8.00 0.01 0.00 -9.01 -0.01 0.04 -1.10 0.02 0.00 0.34 1.68 0.01 0.

33 -23. 𝑀 -13.00 0.40 (𝑓𝑟𝑜𝑚 𝑠𝑦𝑚𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑟𝑦) → 𝐷𝐷𝐸 = 𝐷𝐵𝐴 = 0. Because there is no un-balanced moment will develop at the interior supports to be distributed.  For continuous beams with symmetrical spans and edge fixed supports.60 0.50 → 𝐷𝐷𝐶 = 𝐷𝐵𝐶 = 0.00 8.6 Moment Distribution Method (Beams) Structural Analysis II 3) Distribution factors: ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐴 → 𝐷𝐴𝐵 = 0 ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐵 → 𝐷𝐵𝐴 = 𝐾 𝐾𝐴𝐵 → 𝐷𝐵𝐶 = 𝐾 𝐾𝐵𝐶 → 𝐷𝐶𝐵 = 𝐾 𝐾𝐵𝐶 𝐴𝐵 +𝐾𝐵𝐶 𝐴𝐵 +𝐾𝐵𝐶 ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐶 𝐵𝐶 +𝐾𝐶𝐷 → 𝐷𝐶𝐷 = ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐷 ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐸 𝐾𝐶𝐷 𝐾𝐵𝐶 +𝐾𝐶𝐷 1. the Final End Moments Eng.33 -30 30 -30 10.00 0.00 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝑭𝒊𝒏𝒂𝒍 𝑬𝒏𝒅 𝑴𝒐𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒔 -8.00 6.5𝑘+𝑘 = 0.60 𝑘 = 1.33 33.00 0.33 13.00 3.00 0.40 𝑘 = 𝑘+𝑘 = 0. 𝐸.33 23.33 0.33 -6.00 23.00 30 -13.00 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 5.60 0 𝐹.33 -3.50 0.33 -33.00 0.40 0.50 = 𝑘 𝑘+𝑘 = 0.5𝑘 = 1.5𝑘+𝑘 = 0.67 0. we can analyze just one half of the beam treating the support that located at the Centre-line of the continuous beam as edge fixed support.00 0. .67 -10.33 -5.00 0.33 0. Nyazi Tawfeeg equal the Fixed End Moments.33 13.33 -23.40 0.33  Notes:  For continuous beams those symmetrical about the vertical Centre-line of the beam with odd number of supports.50 0.60 (𝑓𝑟𝑜𝑚 𝑠𝑦𝑚𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑟𝑦) → 𝐷𝐸𝐷 = 0 4) Moment distribution Table: 𝑱𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕 A B C D E 𝑴𝒆𝒎𝒃𝒆𝒓 AB BA BC CB CD DC DE ED 𝑫𝒊𝒕𝒓𝒊𝒃𝒖𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏 𝑭𝒂𝒄𝒕𝒐𝒓 0 0.

01 0.13 0.49 -5. 𝑀 6.00 -10.10 -0. 𝑀 0 0 -10 10 -6.50 = 0.05 0.25 -6.00 5.43 -1.18 -0. 𝑴 5.50 0. [𝐸𝐼 ≡ 𝐶𝑜𝑛𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑡] Solution: 1) Fixed End Moments: 𝐹 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐴𝐵 = 𝑀𝐵𝐴 =0 𝐹 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐵𝐶 = −𝑀𝐶𝐵 =− 𝐹 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐶𝐷 = 𝑀𝐷𝐶 =− 𝑃𝐿 8 𝜔𝐿2 12 =− =− 16×5 8 3×52 12 = −10 𝑘𝑁.50 & 𝑘 = 𝑘+0.25 𝑘𝑁.09 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 0.00 0.50 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 0.08 0.01 -0.08 0.01 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝑭𝒊𝒏𝒂𝒍 𝑬.82 -10.83 0.48 2.03 0. 𝐹.36 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 10.25 .27 -0.09 0.01 0.00 -9.25 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 -3.50 -1.75𝑘 3) Distribution factors: ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐴 → 𝐷𝐴𝐵 = 0 ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐵 → 𝐷𝐵𝐴 = 𝐾 ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐶 → 𝐷𝐶𝐵 = 𝐾 ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐷 → 𝐷𝐷𝐶 = 1 𝐾𝐴𝐵 𝐴𝐵 +𝐾𝐵𝐶 𝐾𝐵𝐶 𝐵𝐶 +𝐾𝐶𝐷 𝑘 = 𝑘+𝑘 = 0.75𝑘 = 0. Nyazi Tawfeeg 𝑁.18 -0.75 ( ) = 0.05 -0.00 -0. 𝑚 2) Stiffness: → 𝐾𝐴𝐵 = 𝐾𝐵𝐶 = 𝐸𝐼 5 ⟹𝑘 𝑇ℎ𝑒 𝑠𝑡𝑖𝑓𝑓𝑛𝑒𝑠𝑠 𝑜𝑓 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑒𝑑𝑔𝑒 𝑏𝑒𝑎𝑚 (𝑤𝑖𝑡ℎ 𝑒𝑑𝑔𝑒 𝑠𝑖𝑚𝑝𝑙𝑒 𝑠𝑢𝑝𝑝𝑜𝑟𝑡 𝑖𝑠 𝑒𝑞𝑢𝑎𝑙 ) 𝑡𝑜 75% 𝑜𝑓 𝑖𝑡𝑠 𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑢𝑎𝑙 𝑠𝑡𝑖𝑓𝑓𝑛𝑒𝑠𝑠 𝐸𝐼 5 & 𝐾𝐶𝐷 = 0.57 = 0.7 Moment Distribution Method (Beams) Structural Analysis II Example 4 (Edge simple support) Using the Hardy Cross’s Method calculate the distributed and final end moments at the joints for the following beam.57 0.00 Eng.02 0.43 4) Moment distribution Table: 𝑱𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕 A B C D 𝑴𝒆𝒎𝒃𝒆𝒓 AB BA BC CB CD DC 𝑫.02 0.36 0.74 5. 𝐸.35 -0.72 -0.50 & 𝐷𝐶𝐷 = 1 − 0.03 2.01 0.03 -0. 𝐸.50 0.00 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 2.00 10.18 -0. 𝑭 0 0.05 0. 𝑚 = −6.57 𝐷𝐵𝐶 = 1 − 0.43 1 𝐹.38 0.

00 28.02 0.50 𝑁.45 𝐷𝐵𝐶 = 1 − 0.8 Moment Distribution Method (Beams) Structural Analysis II Example 5 (Two edge simple supports) Using the Moment Distribution Method calculate the moment at supports for the following beam.00 -1. Nyazi Tawfeeg 7.80 -14.75 ( ) 5 = 3 2𝐸𝐼 ( ) 4 5 ⟹ 1.42 0.55 -19.30 -25. 𝐹.25 3.01 -0. 𝑭 1 0.05 0.03 0.02 -33.45 0.00 6. 𝑀 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝑭𝒊𝒏𝒂𝒍 𝑬.50 & 𝐷𝐶𝐷 = 1 − 0. 𝐸.25 -1.8 𝑘𝑁.63 0.06 -1.77 0.2 𝑘𝑁.35 -0.18 -0.04 0.50 & 𝑘 = 𝑘+1.55 4) Moment distribution Table: 𝑱𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕 𝑴𝒆𝒎𝒃𝒆𝒓 A AB B BA BC CB CD D DC 𝑫. 𝑚 ⟹𝑘 ⟹𝑘 2𝐸𝐼 0.55 1 𝐹.09 0.50 0.01 20.00 15 -20 20 -19.12 -0.50 -20.50 = 0.8 -28.45 = 0. 𝑴 C .2𝑘 3) Distribution factors: ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐴 → 𝐷𝐴𝐵 = 1 ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐵 → 𝐷𝐵𝐴 = 𝐾 ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐶 → 𝐷𝐶𝐵 = 𝐾 ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐷 → 𝐷𝐷𝐶 = 1 𝐾𝐴𝐵 𝐴𝐵 +𝐾𝐵𝐶 𝐾𝐵𝐶 𝐵𝐶 +𝐾𝐶𝐷 𝑘 = 𝑘+𝑘 = 0.60 7.56 25. [𝐸 ≡ 𝐶𝑜𝑛𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑡] Solution: 1) Fixed End Moments: 𝐹 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐴𝐵 = 𝑀𝐵𝐴 =− 20×32 12 𝐹 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐵𝐶 = −𝑀𝐶𝐵 =− 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐶𝐷 =− 2) Stiffness: 40×3×22 52 𝐸𝐼 3 → 𝐾𝐵𝐶 = → 𝐾𝐶𝐷 = 40×4 8 = −20 𝑘𝑁. 𝑀 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 -15 15.48 19.07 0.53 0.75 ( ) = 𝐸𝐼 4 = −15 𝑘𝑁.14 -0.2 0.01 -0. 𝑚 = −19. 𝐸.53 -1.09 -0. 𝑚 𝐸𝐼 4 & 𝐹 𝑀𝐷𝐶 = 40×2×32 52 = 28.2𝑘 = 0.00 Eng.30 0.50 0.02 -0.07 -0.35 0. 𝑚 → 𝐾𝐴𝐵 = 0.40 22.28 -0.

𝑚 60×4 8 = −30 𝑘𝑁.00 0.75𝑘 = 0.57 = 0. 𝑚 2) Stiffness: → 𝐾𝐴𝐵 = 2𝐸𝐼 8 = 𝐸𝐼 4 ⟹𝑘 𝐸𝐼 4 → 𝐾𝐵𝐶 = 0.57 0.12 -60.00 -106. Nyazi Tawfeeg 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 30 -40 10. 𝑴 106.43 4) Moment distribution Table: 𝑱𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕 A B C 𝑴𝒆𝒎𝒃𝒆𝒓 AB BA BC CB CD 𝑫.12 -23. 𝐸.00 -129.43 𝐹.67 106.00 -40.00 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 𝑁.55 -35.95 60. 𝑀 1 . 𝑚 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐶𝐷 = −20 × 2 = −40 𝑘𝑁.67 -30 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 5.00 0. 𝑭 0 0. [𝐸 ≡ 𝐶𝑜𝑛𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑡] Solution: 1) Fixed End Moments: 𝐹 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐴𝐵 = 𝑀𝐵𝐴 =− 20×82 12 𝐹 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐵𝐶 = −𝑀𝐶𝐵 =− = −106.9 Moment Distribution Method (Beams) Structural Analysis II Example 6 (Edge simple support + Cantilever) Using the Moment Distribution Method sketch the shear force and bending moment diagrams for the beam shown below.57 & 𝐷𝐵𝐶 = 1 − 0. 𝐹.75 ( ) ⟹ 0.12 40.67 𝑘𝑁.00 Eng. 𝐸.67 -25.67 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 -46.75𝑘 3) Distribution factors: ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐴 → 𝐷𝐴𝐵 = 0 ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐵 → 𝐷𝐵𝐴 = ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐶 → 𝐷𝐶𝐵 = 1 𝐾𝐴𝐵 𝐾𝐴𝐵 +𝐾𝐵𝐶 = 𝑘 𝑘+0.28 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝑭𝒊𝒏𝒂𝒍 𝑬. 𝑀 -106.

50 Eng. 𝑚 𝐹 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐵𝐶 = −𝑀𝐶𝐵 =− 20×4 8 𝐹 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐶𝐷 = −𝑀𝐷𝐶 =− 10×32 12 = −10 𝑘𝑁.50 & & 𝐷𝐵𝐶 = 1 − 0.50 = 0. 𝑚 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐷𝐸 = −10 × 2 = −20 𝑘𝑁. 𝑚 & 𝐹 𝑀𝐵𝐴 = 40×2×32 52 = 28.8 𝑘𝑁.2 𝑘𝑁.8𝑘 = 0. 𝑚 = −7.10 Moment Distribution Method (Beams) Structural Analysis II Example 7 (Edge simple support + Cantilever + Actual joint moment) Use the Hardy Cross’s Method to calculate the support reactions and draw the bending moment diagram for the beam shown below.8𝑘 → 𝐾𝐵𝐶 = 𝐸𝐼 4 ⟹𝑘 𝐸𝐼 3 𝐸𝐼 → 𝐾𝐶𝐷 = 0.44 𝑘 = 𝑘+𝑘 = 0. 𝑚 2) Stiffness: → 𝐾𝐴𝐵 = 𝐸𝐼 5 ⟹ 0.44 = 0.75 ( 3 ) = 4 ( 3 ) = 𝐸𝐼 4 ⟹𝑘 3) Distribution factors: → 𝐷𝐴𝐵 = 0 ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐵 → 𝐷𝐵𝐴 = 𝐾 ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐶 → 𝐷𝐶𝐵 = 𝐾 ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐷 → 𝐷𝐷𝐶 = 1 𝐾𝐴𝐵 𝐴𝐵 +𝐾𝐵𝐶 𝐾𝐵𝐶 𝐵𝐶 +𝐾𝐶𝐷 0.56 𝐷𝐶𝐷 = 1 − 0. [𝐸𝐼 ≡ 𝐶𝑜𝑛𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑡] Solution: 1) Fixed End Moments: 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐴𝐵 =− 40×3×22 52 = −19.5 𝑘𝑁.8𝑘+𝑘 = 0. 𝑚 𝑀𝐵𝐹 = −50 𝑘𝑁. Nyazi Tawfeeg ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐴 .

𝐸.2 B C D Joint BC 0.62 -0.50 0.33 10.00 -1.38 1.31 -0. 𝑀 6.59 5.00 Eng. 𝑭 0 𝐹.16 0. 𝐹.19 0.56 CB CD DC DE BA 28. 𝑴 0.87 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 0.44 Moment 0.63 -10. 𝐸.07 0.48 𝑭𝒊𝒏𝒂𝒍 𝑬. 𝑀 -19.62 -0.37 1.19 0.31 -0.5 7.47 -4.20 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 13.00 -2.04 -11.03 44.03 -0.74 -4.00 -20.5 -20 12.65 20.31 -0.09 -0.11 Moment Distribution Method (Beams) Structural Analysis II 4) Moment distribution Table: 𝑱𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕 A 𝑴𝒆𝒎𝒃𝒆𝒓 AB 𝑫.23 8.05 0.48 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 0.8 -50 -10 0. Nyazi Tawfeeg 5) The support reactions and the bending moment diagram: .41 10.16 0.07 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 -10.31 -0.23 0.09 0.37 -4.96 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 28.00 -2.50 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 𝑁.25 17.25 -19.80 0.96 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 -50.38 -4.50 1 10 -7.73 6.

5 𝑘𝑁. 𝑚 𝐹 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐵𝐶 = −𝑀𝐶𝐵 =− 12×52 12 𝐹 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐶𝐷 = −𝑀𝐷𝐶 = −[ = −25 𝑘𝑁.5 62. 𝐸. 𝐹. 𝑀 30.75 -31. 𝐴𝑠𝑠𝑢𝑚𝑒 [𝐸𝐼 ≡ 𝐶𝑜𝑛𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑡] Solution: 1) Fixed End Moments: 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐵𝐴 = 12×1. 𝑀 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 1 13.50 -13. Nyazi Tawfeeg 𝑫.50 62.5 11.50 4) Moment distribution Table: 𝑱𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕 B C D 𝑴𝒆𝒎𝒃𝒆𝒓 BA BC CB CD DC 0.25 𝑁.50 & 𝐷𝐶𝐷 = 0.25 0.25 -62.5 -25 25 -62.50 1 𝐹.00 Eng. 𝑚 2) Stiffness: 𝐸𝐼 → 𝐾𝐵𝐶 = 𝐾𝐶𝐷 = 0.12 Moment Distribution Method (Beams) Structural Analysis II Example 8 (Two edge simple supports + Cantilever) Calculate the final end moments at the supports using the Moment Distribution Method for the depicted beam.75 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 31.52 2 = 13.50 31. 𝑭 . 𝑚 12×52 12 + 60×5 ] 8 = −62. 𝑴 13.50 0.75 ( 5 ) ⟹ 𝑘 3) Distribution factors: ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐵 → 𝐷𝐵𝐶 = 1 ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐶 → 𝐷𝐶𝐵 = ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐷 → 𝐷𝐷𝐶 = 1 𝐾𝐵𝐶 𝐾𝐵𝐶 +𝐾𝐶𝐷 = 𝑘 𝑘+𝑘 = 0.50 𝑭𝒊𝒏𝒂𝒍 𝑬.50 -62.50 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 5.75 -93. 𝐸.5 𝑘𝑁.

𝑚 → 𝐾𝐴𝐵 = 𝐸𝐼 5 ⟹𝑘 → 𝐾𝐵𝐶 = 𝐸𝐼 5 ⟹𝑘 → 𝐾𝐶𝐷 = 𝐸𝐼 4 ⟹ 1.37 𝑘𝑁.97 𝑘𝑁.015 52 30×4 −0 8 30×4 − 8 − = −82.015 52 6×3000×−0. 𝑚 = 114.2𝑘 4) Distribution factors: ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐴 → 𝐷𝐴𝐵 = 0 ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐵 → 𝐷𝐵𝐴 = 𝐾𝐴𝐵 𝐾𝐴𝐵 +𝐾𝐵𝐶 = 𝑘 𝑘+𝑘 = 0. 𝑚 0 = 15 𝑘𝑁. 𝑚 = 37.015 𝑚 → 𝐹𝑜𝑟 𝑏𝑒𝑎𝑚 (𝐶𝐷). ∆𝐴𝐵 = +15 𝑚𝑚 = +0. ∆𝐶𝐷 = 0 2) Fixed End Moments: 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐴𝐵 =− 𝐹 𝑀𝐵𝐴 = 𝑃𝑎 2 𝑏 𝐿2 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐵𝐶 =− 𝐹 𝑀𝐶𝐵 = 𝑃𝑎𝑏2 𝐿2 − 𝜔𝐿2 12 𝜔𝐿2 12 − − =− 6𝐸𝐼∆ 𝐿2 − = 6𝐸𝐼∆ 𝐿2 6𝐸𝐼∆ 𝐿2 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐶𝐷 =− 𝑃𝐿 8 − 𝑃𝐿 8 − 6𝐸𝐼∆ 𝐿2 𝐹 𝑀𝐷𝐶 = 6𝐸𝐼∆ 𝐿2 100×3×22 52 =− = 6𝐸𝐼∆ 𝐿2 50×52 12 50×52 12 =− = 100×2×32 52 − − − 6×3000×0. 𝑚 = −93. [𝑇𝑎𝑘𝑒 𝐸𝐼 = 3000 𝑘𝑁.015 52 6×3000×−0.13 Moment Distribution Method (Beams) Structural Analysis II Example 10 (Support Settlement) Calculate the final end moments and draw the shear force diagram if the support (B) sinks by (15 𝑚𝑚) using the Moment Distribution Method. 𝑚2 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑐𝑜𝑛𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑡 𝑎𝑙𝑜𝑛𝑔 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑏𝑒𝑎𝑚] Solution: 1) The displacement sign: & → ∆𝐴 = ∆𝐶 = ∆𝐷 = 0 ∆𝐵 = 15 𝑚𝑚 → 𝐹𝑜𝑟 𝑏𝑒𝑎𝑚 (𝐴𝐵).015 𝑚 → 𝐹𝑜𝑟 𝑏𝑒𝑎𝑚 (𝐵𝐶). 𝑚 = −15 𝑘𝑁.50 & 𝐷𝐵𝐶 = 0.015 52 6×3000×0.2 𝑘𝑁. ∆𝐵𝐶 = −15 𝑚𝑚 = −0.8 𝑘𝑁. Nyazi Tawfeeg 3) Stiffness: .50 Eng.

05 -0.90 -78.05 -0.02 -0.22 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 0.79 -1.24 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 Eng.2 -93.45 = 0.49 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 5.02 -0.14 -0. 𝐸.37 28.58 5.32 -0.14 Moment Distribution Method (Beams) Structural Analysis II 𝐾𝐵𝐶 𝐾𝐵𝐶 +𝐾𝐶𝐷 ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐶 → 𝐷𝐶𝐵 = ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐷 → 𝐷𝐷𝐶 = 0 = 𝑘 𝑘+1.64 0.63 -3.55 0 𝐹.25 11. 𝑀 -82.32 -7.73 -27.09 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 0.86 81.05 -6.07 0.50 11.46 -18.09 0.50 0.99 -54.63 -2.09 114.50 0.43 -1.02 -0.55 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 0.46 -81.87 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 0.97 -15 -44.04 0.01 0.03 -0.10 -3. 𝑴 -61.18 -0.25 14.01 0.98 15 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 14.55 5) Moment distribution Table: 𝑱𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕 A B C D 𝑴𝒆𝒎𝒃𝒆𝒓 AB BA BC CB CD DC 𝑫.09 0.45 0.09 28.53 -3. Nyazi Tawfeeg 6) The support reactions and the shear force diagram: .94 78.2𝑘 = 0.45 & 𝐷𝐶𝐷 = 1 − 0.18 0.04 0.79 -0.36 -0.8 37.05 -22.02 𝑭𝒊𝒏𝒂𝒍 𝑬.27 0.58 1.01 -0.01 0.16 1.32 -0.64 0. 𝑭 0 0.01 -0.

𝑚 3) Stiffness: → 𝐾𝐴𝐵 = 2𝐸𝐼 8 = 𝐸𝐼 4 ⟹𝑘 𝐸𝐼 4 → 𝐾𝐵𝐶 = 0. Nyazi Tawfeeg 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 45 -45.52 -17.00 Eng.75𝑘 = 0. taking the Bending Rigidity (𝐸𝐼 = 4000 𝑘𝑁.01 − = 99.00 0.17 𝑘𝑁. ∆𝐴𝐵 = +10 𝑚𝑚 = +0.57 0.00 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 𝑁.17 𝑘𝑁.17 -22. 𝑚 = 45 𝑘𝑁.43 5) Moment distribution Table: 𝑱𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕 A B C 𝑴𝒆𝒎𝒃𝒆𝒓 AB BA BC CB 𝑫.01 − = 8 42 =− = −15 𝑘𝑁. 𝑀 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 -114. 𝑴 99.01 𝑚 → 𝐹𝑜𝑟 𝑏𝑒𝑎𝑚 (𝐵𝐶).43 1 𝐹. Solution: 1) The displacement sign: → 𝐹𝑜𝑟 𝑏𝑒𝑎𝑚 (𝐴𝐵).58 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝑭𝒊𝒏𝒂𝒍 𝑬.75𝑘 4) Distribution factors: ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐴 → 𝐷𝐴𝐵 = 0 ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐵 → 𝐷𝐵𝐴 = 𝐾 ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐶 → 𝐷𝐶𝐵 = 1 𝐾𝐴𝐵 𝐴𝐵 +𝐾𝐵𝐶 𝑘 = 𝑘+0. 𝑭 0 0.75 ( ) ⟹ 0. 𝑀 99.17 -37.15 Moment Distribution Method (Beams) Structural Analysis II Example 10 (Support Settlement + Edge simple support) Calculate the final end moments. ∆𝐵𝐶 = −10 𝑚𝑚 = −0.17 -15 . 𝑚 12 82 2 20×8 6×2(4000)×0.02 0.01 𝑚 2) Fixed End Moments: 𝜔𝐿2 6𝐸𝐼∆ − 𝐿2 12 𝜔𝐿2 6𝐸𝐼∆ − 𝐿2 12 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐴𝐵 =− 𝐹 𝑀𝐵𝐴 = 6𝐸𝐼∆ 𝐿2 𝑃𝐿 6𝐸𝐼∆ − 𝐿2 8 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐵𝐶 =− 𝐹 𝑀𝐶𝐵 = 𝑃𝐿 8 − 20×82 6×2(4000)×0. 𝑚 12 82 =− = 60×4 6×4000×−0. 𝐸.75 64.50 0.17 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 -35. if the support (B) sinks by (10 𝑚𝑚) using the Hardy Cross’s Method. 𝑚2 ).57 & 𝐷𝐵𝐶 = 1 − 0.50 -114.15 -26.01 − = −114.01 − 8 42 60×4 6×4000×−0.00 -131. 𝐹.02 -64.57 = 0. 𝐸.

𝑚2 ] Solution: 1) The displacement sign: & → ∆𝐴 = ∆𝐷 = 0 & ∆𝐵 = 20 𝑚𝑚 ∆𝐶 = 12 𝑚𝑚 → 𝐹𝑜𝑟 𝑏𝑒𝑎𝑚 (𝐴𝐵).67 𝑘𝑁.5 𝑘𝑁. 𝑚 3) Stiffness: ⟹ 1.53 = 0.02 𝑚 → 𝐹𝑜𝑟 𝑏𝑒𝑎𝑚 (𝐵𝐶).16 Moment Distribution Method (Beams) Structural Analysis II Example 11 (Support Settlement + Edge simple support) Calculate the final end moments if the support (B) sinks by (20 𝑚𝑚) and support (C) by (12 𝑚𝑚) using the Moment Distribution Method.02 ]− 62 62 6×1.5 𝑘𝑁.6𝑘 = 0.65 𝑘𝑁.5𝐸𝐼 5 = −[ =[ 6𝐸𝐼∆ 𝐿2 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐶𝐷 =− 𝐹 𝑀𝐷𝐶 = 6𝐸𝐼∆ 𝐿2 30×2×42 62 =− = 15×52 12 15×52 12 =− = 30×2×42 62 − + − + 30×4×22 6×2(5000)×0.012 − 8 42 = −73. 𝑚 = 45.75 ( 4 ) = ⟹ 1. ∆𝐵𝐶 = −(20 − 12) = −8 𝑚𝑚 = −0.5(5000)×−0.6𝑘 3𝐸𝐼 16 ⟹𝑘 4) Distribution factors: ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐴 → 𝐷𝐴𝐵 = 0 ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐵 → 𝐷𝐵𝐴 = 𝐾 𝐾𝐴𝐵 𝐴𝐵 +𝐾𝐵𝐶 1.008 𝑚 → 𝐹𝑜𝑟 𝑏𝑒𝑎𝑚 (𝐶𝐷). [𝑇𝑎𝑘𝑒 𝐸𝐼 = 5000 𝑘𝑁.5(5000)×−0.02 ]− 62 62 30×4×22 6×2(5000)×0.012 − 8 42 50×4 6×5000×−0.008 52 50×4 6×5000×−0. Nyazi Tawfeeg = .33 𝑘𝑁.008 52 6×1. 𝑚 = 6. ∆𝐶𝐷 = −12 𝑚𝑚 = −0. 𝑚 = −2. 𝑚 = 47. ∆𝐴𝐵 = +20 𝑚𝑚 = +0. 𝑚 = −16.012 𝑚 2) Fixed End Moments: 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐴𝐵 =− 𝐹 𝑀𝐵𝐴 = 𝑃𝑎𝑏2 𝐿2 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐵𝐶 =− 𝐹 𝑀𝐶𝐵 = 𝑃𝑎𝑏2 𝐿2 − 𝜔𝐿2 12 𝜔𝐿2 12 − − 6𝐸𝐼∆ 𝐿2 − 6𝐸𝐼∆ 𝐿2 𝑃𝐿 8 − 6𝐸𝐼∆ 𝐿2 𝑃𝐿 8 − 6𝐸𝐼∆ 𝐿2 → 𝐾𝐴𝐵 = 2𝐸𝐼 6 = 𝐸𝐼 3 → 𝐾𝐵𝐶 = 1.78𝑘+1.47 Eng.85 𝑘𝑁.78𝑘 3𝐸𝐼 10 𝐸𝐼 → 𝐾𝐶𝐷 = 0.78𝑘 = 1.53 & 𝐷𝐵𝐶 = 1 − 0.

25 -12.39 0. 𝐹.03 0.11 -0.91 1. 𝑴 47.44 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 0.62 0.20 -0.50 -68.33 6.62 = 0. Calculate the final end moments if the Flexural Rigidity (𝐸𝐼 = 200 𝑘𝑁.35 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 0.47 0. 𝐸.62 & 𝐷𝐶𝐷 = 1 − 0.5 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 𝑁. Solution: 1) The displacement sign: & ∆𝐶 = 16 𝑚𝑚 → 𝐹𝑜𝑟 𝑏𝑒𝑎𝑚 (𝐴𝐵). 𝐸.40 4.53 0.85 45.00 Example 12 (Support Settlement + Edge simple support + Cantilever) The settlement of (16 𝑚𝑚) of the support (C) is due to the applied load shown.85 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 5. 𝑚2 ) along the whole length of the beam.21 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 0. 𝑀 -23.54 0.23 0.91 35.39 -1.18 0.74 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 0.6𝑘 1.88 -0.02 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 3.37 2. 𝑚 ( 𝑇ℎ𝑒𝑟𝑒 𝑖𝑠 𝑛𝑜 𝑎𝑑𝑑𝑖𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛𝑎𝑙 𝑓𝑖𝑥𝑒𝑑 ) 𝑒𝑛𝑑 𝑚𝑜𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑠 𝑏𝑒𝑐𝑎𝑢𝑠𝑒 ∆𝐴𝐵 = 0 Eng.78 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 2.38 1 𝐹.07 -0.71 45.42 -0.75 -73.33 6.07 0.12 -0.11 0.03 -0.18 -0.19 2. Nyazi Tawfeeg → ∆𝐴 = ∆𝐵 = 0 .83 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 1.65 -26.60 -0.17 Moment Distribution Method (Beams) Structural Analysis II 𝐾𝐵𝐶 𝐾𝐵𝐶 +𝐾𝐶𝐷 ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐶 → 𝐷𝐶𝐵 = ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐷 → 𝐷𝐷𝐶 = 1 = 1.6𝑘+𝑘 = 0.03 -7.65 -2.5 -47.06 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝑭𝒊𝒏𝒂𝒍 𝑬.38 5) Moment distribution Table: 𝑱𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕 A B C D 𝑴𝒆𝒎𝒃𝒆𝒓 AB BA BC CB CD DC 𝑫. 𝑀 -73. ∆𝐵𝐶 = +16 𝑚𝑚 = +0. ∆𝐴𝐵 = 0 → 𝐹𝑜𝑟 𝑏𝑒𝑎𝑚 (𝐵𝐶).04 15.016 𝑚 2) Fixed End Moments: 𝐹 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐴𝐵 = −𝑀𝐵𝐴 =− 𝑃𝐿 8 =− 100×8 8 = −100 𝑘𝑁.91 -15.67 -16. 𝑭 0 0.18 -35.67 -16.70 -6.48 -0.

016 82 = −128. 𝑴 -79. 𝑚 3) Stiffness: → 𝐾𝐴𝐵 = 𝐸𝐼 8 ⟹𝑘 𝐸𝐼 → 𝐾𝐵𝐶 = 0.57 0.00 0. 𝐸. 𝑀 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 -100. 𝐸.43 100 -128.75𝑘 4) Distribution factors: ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐴 → 𝐷𝐴𝐵 = 0 ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐵 → 𝐷𝐵𝐴 = ⟹ 𝐽𝑜𝑖𝑛𝑡 𝐶 → 𝐷𝐶𝐵 = 1 𝐾𝐴𝐵 𝐾𝐴𝐵 +𝐾𝐵𝐶 = 𝑘 𝑘+0.75𝑘 = 0. 𝑚 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐶𝐷 = −20 × 2 = −40 𝑘𝑁.13 31.13 -141.3 1 127. 𝑭 0 0. 𝐹.15 41.43 𝐹.85 100.18 Moment Distribution Method (Beams) Structural Analysis II 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐵𝐶 =− 𝐹 → 𝑀𝐶𝐵 = 𝜔𝐿2 12 𝜔𝐿2 12 − − 6𝐸𝐼∆ 𝐿2 6𝐸𝐼∆ 𝐿2 =− = 24×82 12 24×82 12 − − 6×200×0.75 ( 8 ) ⟹ 0.7 -40 -87.00 𝑭𝒊𝒏𝒂𝒍 𝑬.7 𝑘𝑁.13 .70 -43.57 & 𝐷𝐵𝐶 = 1 − 0.57 = 0.00 Eng.57 0.00 -172.02 20.00 40. Nyazi Tawfeeg 141. 𝑚 = 127.00 -40.43 5) Moment distribution Table: 𝑱𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕 A B C 𝑴𝒆𝒎𝒃𝒆𝒓 AB BA BC CB CD 𝑫.016 82 6×200×0.3 𝑘𝑁. 𝑀 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐶𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑦 𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟 -100 𝑁.