# SUST

Collage of Engineering
School of Civil Engineering
4th Class β 7th semester β 2014

Structural Analysis II
Moment Distribution Method
(Hardy Cross Method)

Tutorial No. (3)

Continuous Beams
Eng. Nyazi Tawfeeg

33π = 1+1.57) ππ (π·πΆπ· = 1 β 0.33π+π = 1. Solution: 1) Fixed End Moments: πΉ β ππ΄π΅ =β πΉ β ππ΅π΄ = πππ2 πΏ2 ππ 2 π πΏ2 =β 60Γ4Γ22 62 60Γ42 Γ2 62 = πΉ πΉ β ππ΅πΆ = βππΆπ΅ =β πΉ πΉ β ππΆπ· = ππ·πΆ =β ππΏ2 12 ππΏ 8 = β26. π =β =β 20Γ32 12 30Γ8 8 = β15 ππ.43) Eng.33π = 1+1.33 1.57 = 0. π = β30 ππ.33π 1.33 = 0. π 2) Calculate the Stiffness: β πΎπ΄π΅ = 1.2 Moment Distribution Method (Beams) Structural Analysis II Example 1 Calculate the final end moments and then sketch the shear force diagram for the following beam using the Moment Distribution Method taking the Elastic Modulus (E) as constant.5πΈπΌ 6 β πΎπ΅πΆ = πΈπΌ 3 β πΎπΆπ· = 2πΈπΌ 8 πΈπΌ 4 = = β πΏππ‘ π = πΈπΌ/4 πΈπΌ 4 β πΎπ΄π΅ = π β πΎπ΅πΆ = 1. π = 53.33 ππ.43 = 0.33π β πΎπΆπ· = π 3) Distribution factors: β π·π΄π΅ = 0 βΉ π½ππππ‘ π΅ β π·π΅π΄ = πΎ πΎπ΄π΅ β π·π΅πΆ = πΎ πΎπ΅πΆ βΉ π½ππππ‘ πΆ π΄π΅ +πΎπ΅πΆ 1 1.33π+π = 1. Nyazi Tawfeeg βΉ π½ππππ‘ π΄ .33 = 0.33π 1.57 β π·πΆπ΅ = πΎ β π·πΆπ· = πΎ πΎπΆπ· π΅πΆ +πΎπΆπ· βΉ π½ππππ‘ π· π = π+1.43 β π·π·πΆ = 0 = 1.57 πΎπ΅πΆ π΅πΆ +πΎπΆπ· = 1.33+1 = 0.67 ππ.33 π 1 π΄π΅ +πΎπ΅πΆ = π+1.33+1 = 0.43 ππ (π·π΅πΆ = 1 β 0.

88 0.78 π΅ππππππ πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ 4.23 6.06 0.07 Eng.57 0.88 -17.70 0.01 -0.02 -0.10 0.03 -0.70 -1.43 0 πΉ.85 -8.45 -10.01 π΅ππππππ π­ππππ π¬ππ π΄ππππππ 0.92 π΅ππππππ πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ -0.24 π΅ππππππ πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ -1.57 0.08 0.67 -0.35 -0. πΈ.01 -0.89 0.05 0.01 0.3 Moment Distribution Method (Beams) Structural Analysis II 4) Moment distribution Table: π±ππππ A B C D π΄πππππ AB BA BC CB CD DC π«ππππππππππ π­πππππ 0 0.15 π΅ππππππ πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ 0.38 -0.28 -36.93 3.43 0. π -26.52 -0.33 -15 15 -30 30 π΅ππππππ πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ -16.65 0.22 2.55 6.51 0.23 4.26 0.15 -0.39 -33.12 -1.02 0. Nyazi Tawfeeg 5) The shear force diagram: .11 -0.44 -0.00 33.35 0.19 0.08 -0.34 -1.03 8.02 0.26 -0.01 -0.02 1 2 3 4 5 6 36.03 -0.48 -21.04 -0.84 -2.20 π΅ππππππ πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ 3.39 17.06 0.67 53.

5π+π = 1.57π 3) Distribution factors: βΉ π½ππππ‘ π΄ β π·π΄π΅ = 0 βΉ π½ππππ‘ π΅ β π·π΅π΄ = πΎ πΎπ΄π΅ β π·π΅πΆ = πΎ πΎπ΅πΆ 1. Solution: 1) Fixed End Moments: πΉ πΉ β ππ΄π΅ = βππ΅π΄ =β ππΏ 8 πΉ πΉ β ππ΅πΆ = βππΆπ΅ =β ππΏ2 12 =β 20Γ4 8 =β = β10 ππ.5π = 1.40 πΎπ΅πΆ π΅πΆ +πΎπΆπ· = π+0.57 = 0.57π = 1+0. Nyazi Tawfeeg βΉ π½ππππ‘ πΆ π΄π΅ +πΎπ΅πΆ .4 Moment Distribution Method (Beams) Structural Analysis II Example 2 Calculate the final end moments at joints for the following beam using the Moment Distribution Method considering the beam has a constant value of the Elastic Modulus (E).5+1 = 0.36 β π·π·πΆ = 0 Eng.33 ππ.57 = π+0. π 4Γ52 12 = β8.57π 0.5+1 = 0.5π+π = 1.57π = 1+0.5 π 1 π΄π΅ +πΎπ΅πΆ = 1.60 π 1 0.5π = (55)(10β5 πΈ) = π = (47)(10β5 πΈ) = 0.64 β π·πΆπ΅ = πΎ β π·πΆπ· = πΎ πΎπΆπ· π΅πΆ +πΎπΆπ· βΉ π½ππππ‘ π· 1. π πΉ πΉ β ππΆπ· = ππ·πΆ =0 2) Stiffness: β πΎπ΄π΅ = β πΎπ΅πΆ = β πΎπΆπ· = πΈπΌ πΏ = πΈΓ(6000Γ10β8 ) = (64)(10β5 πΈ) 4 πΈΓ(5000Γ10β8 ) 5 πΈΓ(4000Γ10β8 ) 7 πΏππ‘ π = (10β5 πΈ) β β πΎπ΄π΅ = (64)π = 1.57 = 0.

54 Example 3 Using the Moment Distribution Method calculate the bending moment at supports for the following beam.33 ππ. Nyazi Tawfeeg 2) Stiffness: . π β πΎπ΄π΅ = πΎπ·πΈ = πΈπΌ 4 β πΎπ΅πΆ = πΎπΆπ· = πΈπΌ 6 β β πΏππ‘ π = (πΈπΌ/6) β πΎπ΄π΅ = πΎπ·πΈ = 1.00 -0.33 -1.5 Moment Distribution Method (Beams) Structural Analysis II 4) Moment distribution Table: π±ππππ A B C D π΄πππππ AB BA BC CB CD DC π«ππππππππππ π­πππππ 0 0.50 10 -8.50 0.00 -0.01 π΅ππππππ πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ -0.01 -0.36 0 πΉ.40 0.54 -0.18 π΅ππππππ πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ 0.60 1.07 -3.07 -1.12 0.01 -0.33 0 0 πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ -0.01 0.11 0.19 -0.64 3.04 -0.00 0.80 0.03 -0.07 0.01 0.64 0.02 π΅ππππππ π­ππππ π¬ππ π΄ππππππ 0.06 -0.67 π΅ππππππ πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ 0.60 0.01 -0. π πΉ πΉ πΉ πΉ β ππ΅πΆ = βππΆπ΅ = ππΆπ· = βππ·πΆ =β 10Γ62 12 = β30 ππ.22 0.67 -2.11 π΅ππππππ πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ -0.07 π΅ππππππ πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ -5.01 0.06 0.64 -10.01 0.04 -0.5π πΎπ΅πΆ = πΎπΆπ· = π Eng.33 -3.00 0. πΈ.01 0.00 0.35 -0.00 10.00 -0.07 -0.00 0. [πΈπΌ β‘ πΆπππ π‘πππ‘] Solution: 1) Fixed End Moments: πΉ πΉ πΉ πΉ β ππ΄π΅ = βππ΅π΄ = ππ·πΈ = βππΈπ· =β 10Γ42 12 = β13. π π΅ππππππ -10 8.00 0.01 0.00 -9.01 -0.01 0.04 -1.10 0.02 0.00 0.34 1.68 0.01 0.

33 -23. π -13.00 0.40 (ππππ π π¦ππππ‘ππ¦) β π·π·πΈ = π·π΅π΄ = 0. Because there is no un-balanced moment will develop at the interior supports to be distributed. ο For continuous beams with symmetrical spans and edge fixed supports.60 0.50 β π·π·πΆ = π·π΅πΆ = 0.00 8.6 Moment Distribution Method (Beams) Structural Analysis II 3) Distribution factors: βΉ π½ππππ‘ π΄ β π·π΄π΅ = 0 βΉ π½ππππ‘ π΅ β π·π΅π΄ = πΎ πΎπ΄π΅ β π·π΅πΆ = πΎ πΎπ΅πΆ β π·πΆπ΅ = πΎ πΎπ΅πΆ π΄π΅ +πΎπ΅πΆ π΄π΅ +πΎπ΅πΆ βΉ π½ππππ‘ πΆ π΅πΆ +πΎπΆπ· β π·πΆπ· = βΉ π½ππππ‘ π· βΉ π½ππππ‘ πΈ πΎπΆπ· πΎπ΅πΆ +πΎπΆπ· 1. the Final End Moments Eng.33 -30 30 -30 10.00 0.00 π΅ππππππ π­ππππ π¬ππ π΄ππππππ -8.00 6.5π+π = 0.60 π = 1.33 33.00 0.33 13.00 3.00 0.40 π = π+π = 0. πΈ.33 23.33 0.33 -6.00 23.00 30 -13.00 π΅ππππππ πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ 5.60 0 πΉ.33 -3.50 0.33 -33.00 0.40 0.50 = π π+π = 0.5π = 1.5π+π = 0.67 0. we can analyze just one half of the beam treating the support that located at the Centre-line of the continuous beam as edge fixed support.00 0. .67 -10.33 -5.00 0.33 0. Nyazi Tawfeeg equal the Fixed End Moments.33 13.33 -23.40 0.33 οΆ Notes: ο For continuous beams those symmetrical about the vertical Centre-line of the beam with odd number of supports.50 0.60 (ππππ π π¦ππππ‘ππ¦) β π·πΈπ· = 0 4) Moment distribution Table: π±ππππ A B C D E π΄πππππ AB BA BC CB CD DC DE ED π«ππππππππππ π­πππππ 0 0.

01 0.13 0.49 -5. π 6.00 -10.10 -0. π 0 0 -10 10 -6.50 = 0.05 0.25 -6.00 5.43 -1.18 -0. π΄ 5.50 0. [πΈπΌ β‘ πΆπππ π‘πππ‘] Solution: 1) Fixed End Moments: πΉ πΉ β ππ΄π΅ = ππ΅π΄ =0 πΉ πΉ β ππ΅πΆ = βππΆπ΅ =β πΉ πΉ β ππΆπ· = ππ·πΆ =β ππΏ 8 ππΏ2 12 =β =β 16Γ5 8 3Γ52 12 = β10 ππ.50 & π = π+0.25 ππ.09 π΅ππππππ πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ 0.00 0.50 π΅ππππππ πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ 0.08 0.01 -0.08 0.01 π΅ππππππ π­ππππ π¬.82 -10.83 0.48 2.03 0. πΉ.36 π΅ππππππ πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ 10.25 .27 -0.09 0.01 0.00 -9.25 π΅ππππππ πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ -3.50 -1.75π 3) Distribution factors: βΉ π½ππππ‘ π΄ β π·π΄π΅ = 0 βΉ π½ππππ‘ π΅ β π·π΅π΄ = πΎ βΉ π½ππππ‘ πΆ β π·πΆπ΅ = πΎ βΉ π½ππππ‘ π· β π·π·πΆ = 1 πΎπ΄π΅ π΄π΅ +πΎπ΅πΆ πΎπ΅πΆ π΅πΆ +πΎπΆπ· π = π+π = 0.75π = 0. Nyazi Tawfeeg π.18 -0.75 ( ) = 0.05 -0.00 -0. π 2) Stiffness: β πΎπ΄π΅ = πΎπ΅πΆ = πΈπΌ 5 βΉπ πβπ π π‘ππππππ π  ππ π‘βπ ππππ ππππ (π€ππ‘β ππππ π πππππ π π’πππππ‘ ππ  πππ’ππ ) π‘π 75% ππ ππ‘π  πππ‘π’ππ π π‘ππππππ π  πΈπΌ 5 & πΎπΆπ· = 0.57 = 0.7 Moment Distribution Method (Beams) Structural Analysis II Example 4 (Edge simple support) Using the Hardy Crossβs Method calculate the distributed and final end moments at the joints for the following beam.57 0.00 Eng.02 0.43 4) Moment distribution Table: π±ππππ A B C D π΄πππππ AB BA BC CB CD DC π«.02 0.36 0.74 5. πΈ.35 -0.72 -0.50 & π·πΆπ· = 1 β 0.03 2.01 0.03 -0. πΈ.50 0.00 π΅ππππππ πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ 2.00 10.18 -0. π­ 0 0.05 0. π = β6.57 π·π΅πΆ = 1 β 0.43 1 πΉ.38 0.

00 28.02 0.50 π.45 π·π΅πΆ = 1 β 0.8 Moment Distribution Method (Beams) Structural Analysis II Example 5 (Two edge simple supports) Using the Moment Distribution Method calculate the moment at supports for the following beam.00 -1. Nyazi Tawfeeg 7.80 -14.75 ( ) 5 = 3 2πΈπΌ ( ) 4 5 βΉ 1.42 0.55 -19.30 -25. πΉ.25 3.01 -0. π­ 1 0.05 0.03 0.02 -33.45 0.00 6. π π΅ππππππ πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ π΅ππππππ πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ π΅ππππππ πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ π΅ππππππ πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ π΅ππππππ π­ππππ π¬.50 & π·πΆπ· = 1 β 0. πΈ.25 -1.8 ππ.63 0.06 -1.77 0.2 ππ.35 -0.18 -0.04 0.50 & π = π+1.55 4) Moment distribution Table: π±ππππ π΄πππππ A AB B BA BC CB CD D DC π«. π βΉπ βΉπ 2πΈπΌ 0.55 1 πΉ.09 0.50 0.01 20.00 15 -20 20 -19.12 -0.50 -20.50 = 0.8 -28.45 = 0. π΄ C .2π 3) Distribution factors: βΉ π½ππππ‘ π΄ β π·π΄π΅ = 1 βΉ π½ππππ‘ π΅ β π·π΅π΄ = πΎ βΉ π½ππππ‘ πΆ β π·πΆπ΅ = πΎ βΉ π½ππππ‘ π· β π·π·πΆ = 1 πΎπ΄π΅ π΄π΅ +πΎπ΅πΆ πΎπ΅πΆ π΅πΆ +πΎπΆπ· π = π+π = 0.60 7.56 25. [πΈ β‘ πΆπππ π‘πππ‘] Solution: 1) Fixed End Moments: πΉ πΉ β ππ΄π΅ = ππ΅π΄ =β 20Γ32 12 πΉ πΉ β ππ΅πΆ = βππΆπ΅ =β πΉ β ππΆπ· =β 2) Stiffness: 40Γ3Γ22 52 πΈπΌ 3 β πΎπ΅πΆ = β πΎπΆπ· = 40Γ4 8 = β20 ππ. π π΅ππππππ πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ -15 15.48 19.07 0.53 0.75 ( ) = πΈπΌ 4 = β15 ππ.14 -0.2 0.01 -0. π = β19. πΈ.53 -1.09 -0. π πΈπΌ 4 & πΉ ππ·πΆ = 40Γ2Γ32 52 = 28.2π = 0.00 Eng.30 0.50 0.02 -0.07 -0.35 0. π β πΎπ΄π΅ = 0.40 22.28 -0.

π 60Γ4 8 = β30 ππ.00 0.75π = 0.57 = 0. π 2) Stiffness: β πΎπ΄π΅ = 2πΈπΌ 8 = πΈπΌ 4 βΉπ πΈπΌ 4 β πΎπ΅πΆ = 0.57 0.12 -60.00 -106. Nyazi Tawfeeg πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ 30 -40 10. π΄ 106.43 4) Moment distribution Table: π±ππππ A B C π΄πππππ AB BA BC CB CD π«.12 -23. πΈ.00 -129.43 πΉ.67 106.00 -40.00 πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ π.55 -35.95 60. π 1 . π πΉ β ππΆπ· = β20 Γ 2 = β40 ππ.67 -30 π΅ππππππ 5.00 0. π­ 0 0. [πΈ β‘ πΆπππ π‘πππ‘] Solution: 1) Fixed End Moments: πΉ πΉ β ππ΄π΅ = ππ΅π΄ =β 20Γ82 12 πΉ πΉ β ππ΅πΆ = βππΆπ΅ =β = β106.9 Moment Distribution Method (Beams) Structural Analysis II Example 6 (Edge simple support + Cantilever) Using the Moment Distribution Method sketch the shear force and bending moment diagrams for the beam shown below.57 & π·π΅πΆ = 1 β 0. πΉ.75 ( ) βΉ 0.12 40.67 ππ.00 Eng. πΈ.67 -25.67 π΅ππππππ -46.75π 3) Distribution factors: βΉ π½ππππ‘ π΄ β π·π΄π΅ = 0 βΉ π½ππππ‘ π΅ β π·π΅π΄ = βΉ π½ππππ‘ πΆ β π·πΆπ΅ = 1 πΎπ΄π΅ πΎπ΄π΅ +πΎπ΅πΆ = π π+0.28 π΅ππππππ π­ππππ π¬. π -106.

50 Eng. π πΉ πΉ β ππ΅πΆ = βππΆπ΅ =β 20Γ4 8 πΉ πΉ β ππΆπ· = βππ·πΆ =β 10Γ32 12 = β10 ππ.50 & & π·π΅πΆ = 1 β 0.50 = 0. π πΉ β ππ·πΈ = β10 Γ 2 = β20 ππ. π & πΉ ππ΅π΄ = 40Γ2Γ32 52 = 28.8 ππ.2 ππ.8π = 0. π = β7.10 Moment Distribution Method (Beams) Structural Analysis II Example 7 (Edge simple support + Cantilever + Actual joint moment) Use the Hardy Crossβs Method to calculate the support reactions and draw the bending moment diagram for the beam shown below.8π β πΎπ΅πΆ = πΈπΌ 4 βΉπ πΈπΌ 3 πΈπΌ β πΎπΆπ· = 0.44 π = π+π = 0. π 2) Stiffness: β πΎπ΄π΅ = πΈπΌ 5 βΉ 0.44 = 0.75 ( 3 ) = 4 ( 3 ) = πΈπΌ 4 βΉπ 3) Distribution factors: β π·π΄π΅ = 0 βΉ π½ππππ‘ π΅ β π·π΅π΄ = πΎ βΉ π½ππππ‘ πΆ β π·πΆπ΅ = πΎ βΉ π½ππππ‘ π· β π·π·πΆ = 1 πΎπ΄π΅ π΄π΅ +πΎπ΅πΆ πΎπ΅πΆ π΅πΆ +πΎπΆπ· 0.56 π·πΆπ· = 1 β 0. [πΈπΌ β‘ πΆπππ π‘πππ‘] Solution: 1) Fixed End Moments: πΉ β ππ΄π΅ =β 40Γ3Γ22 52 = β19.5 ππ.8π+π = 0. π ππ΅πΉ = β50 ππ. Nyazi Tawfeeg βΉ π½ππππ‘ π΄ .

πΈ.2 B C D Joint BC 0.62 -0.50 0.33 10.00 -1.38 1.31 -0. π 6.59 5.00 Eng. π­ 0 πΉ.16 0. πΉ.19 0.56 CB CD DC DE BA 28. π΄ 0.87 π΅ππππππ πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ 0.44 Moment 0.63 -10. πΈ.07 0.48 π­ππππ π¬. π -19.62 -0.37 1.19 0.31 -0.5 7.47 -4.20 π΅ππππππ πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ 13.00 -2.04 -11.03 44.03 -0.74 -4.00 -20.5 -20 12.65 20.31 -0.09 -0.11 Moment Distribution Method (Beams) Structural Analysis II 4) Moment distribution Table: π±ππππ A π΄πππππ AB π«.23 8.05 0.48 πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ 0.8 -50 -10 0. Nyazi Tawfeeg 5) The support reactions and the bending moment diagram: .41 10.16 0.07 π΅ππππππ -10.31 -0.23 0.09 0.37 -4.96 π΅ππππππ πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ 28.00 -2.50 π΅ππππππ πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ π.25 17.25 -19.80 0.96 π΅ππππππ -50.38 -4.50 1 10 -7.73 6.

5 ππ. π πΉ πΉ β ππ΅πΆ = βππΆπ΅ =β 12Γ52 12 πΉ πΉ β ππΆπ· = βππ·πΆ = β[ = β25 ππ.5 62. πΈ. πΉ. π 30.75 -31. π΄π π π’ππ [πΈπΌ β‘ πΆπππ π‘πππ‘] Solution: 1) Fixed End Moments: πΉ β ππ΅π΄ = 12Γ1. π π΅ππππππ 1 13.50 -13. Nyazi Tawfeeg π«.50 62.5 11.50 4) Moment distribution Table: π±ππππ B C D π΄πππππ BA BC CB CD DC 0.25 π.50 & π·πΆπ· = 0.25 0.25 -62.5 -25 25 -62.50 1 πΉ.00 Eng. π 2) Stiffness: πΈπΌ β πΎπ΅πΆ = πΎπΆπ· = 0.12 Moment Distribution Method (Beams) Structural Analysis II Example 8 (Two edge simple supports + Cantilever) Calculate the final end moments at the supports using the Moment Distribution Method for the depicted beam.75 π΅ππππππ 31.52 2 = 13.50 31. π­ . π 12Γ52 12 + 60Γ5 ] 8 = β62. π΄ 13.50 0.75 ( 5 ) βΉ π 3) Distribution factors: βΉ π½ππππ‘ π΅ β π·π΅πΆ = 1 βΉ π½ππππ‘ πΆ β π·πΆπ΅ = βΉ π½ππππ‘ π· β π·π·πΆ = 1 πΎπ΅πΆ πΎπ΅πΆ +πΎπΆπ· = π π+π = 0.50 π­ππππ π¬.50 -62.50 πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ 5.75 -93. πΈ.5 ππ.

π β πΎπ΄π΅ = πΈπΌ 5 βΉπ β πΎπ΅πΆ = πΈπΌ 5 βΉπ β πΎπΆπ· = πΈπΌ 4 βΉ 1.37 ππ.97 ππ.015 52 30Γ4 β0 8 30Γ4 β 8 β = β82.015 52 6Γ3000Γβ0. π = 114.2π 4) Distribution factors: βΉ π½ππππ‘ π΄ β π·π΄π΅ = 0 βΉ π½ππππ‘ π΅ β π·π΅π΄ = πΎπ΄π΅ πΎπ΄π΅ +πΎπ΅πΆ = π π+π = 0. π 0 = 15 ππ. π = 37.015 π β πΉππ ππππ (πΆπ·). βπ΄π΅ = +15 ππ = +0. βπΆπ· = 0 2) Fixed End Moments: πΉ β ππ΄π΅ =β πΉ ππ΅π΄ = ππ 2 π πΏ2 πΉ β ππ΅πΆ =β πΉ ππΆπ΅ = πππ2 πΏ2 β ππΏ2 12 ππΏ2 12 β β =β 6πΈπΌβ πΏ2 β = 6πΈπΌβ πΏ2 6πΈπΌβ πΏ2 πΉ β ππΆπ· =β ππΏ 8 β ππΏ 8 β 6πΈπΌβ πΏ2 πΉ ππ·πΆ = 6πΈπΌβ πΏ2 100Γ3Γ22 52 =β = 6πΈπΌβ πΏ2 50Γ52 12 50Γ52 12 =β = 100Γ2Γ32 52 β β β 6Γ3000Γ0. π = β93. [ππππ πΈπΌ = 3000 ππ.015 52 6Γ3000Γβ0.13 Moment Distribution Method (Beams) Structural Analysis II Example 10 (Support Settlement) Calculate the final end moments and draw the shear force diagram if the support (B) sinks by (15 ππ) using the Moment Distribution Method. π2 πππ ππππ π‘πππ‘ πππππ π‘βπ ππππ] Solution: 1) The displacement sign: & β βπ΄ = βπΆ = βπ· = 0 βπ΅ = 15 ππ β πΉππ ππππ (π΄π΅).015 π β πΉππ ππππ (π΅πΆ). π = β15 ππ.50 & π·π΅πΆ = 0.015 52 6Γ3000Γ0.2 ππ. βπ΅πΆ = β15 ππ = β0.8 ππ. Nyazi Tawfeeg 3) Stiffness: .50 Eng.

05 -0.90 -78.05 -0.02 -0.22 πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ π΅ππππππ 0.79 -1.24 π΅ππππππ Eng.2 -93.45 = 0.49 πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ π΅ππππππ 5.02 -0.14 -0. πΈ.37 28.58 5.32 -0.14 Moment Distribution Method (Beams) Structural Analysis II πΎπ΅πΆ πΎπ΅πΆ +πΎπΆπ· βΉ π½ππππ‘ πΆ β π·πΆπ΅ = βΉ π½ππππ‘ π· β π·π·πΆ = 0 = π π+1.64 0.63 -3.55 0 πΉ.25 11. π -82.32 -7.73 -27.09 πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ π΅ππππππ 0.86 81.05 -6.07 0.50 11.46 -18.09 0.50 0.99 -54.63 -2.09 114.50 0.43 -1.02 -0.55 πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ π΅ππππππ 0.46 -81.87 πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ π΅ππππππ 0.97 -15 -44.04 0.01 0.03 -0.10 -3. π΄ -61.18 -0.25 14.01 0.98 15 πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ π΅ππππππ 14.55 5) Moment distribution Table: π±ππππ A B C D π΄πππππ AB BA BC CB CD DC π«.09 0.45 0.09 28.53 -3. Nyazi Tawfeeg 6) The support reactions and the shear force diagram: .94 78.2π = 0.45 & π·πΆπ· = 1 β 0.18 0.04 0.79 -0.36 -0.8 37.05 -22.02 π­ππππ π¬.27 0.58 1.01 -0.01 0.16 1.32 -0.64 0. π­ 0 0.01 -0.

π 3) Stiffness: β πΎπ΄π΅ = 2πΈπΌ 8 = πΈπΌ 4 βΉπ πΈπΌ 4 β πΎπ΅πΆ = 0. Nyazi Tawfeeg πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ 45 -45.52 -17.00 Eng.75π = 0. taking the Bending Rigidity (πΈπΌ = 4000 ππ.01 β = 99.00 0.17 ππ. βπ΄π΅ = +10 ππ = +0.57 0.00 πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ π.17 ππ.17 -22. π = 45 ππ.43 5) Moment distribution Table: π±ππππ A B C π΄πππππ AB BA BC CB π«.01 β = 8 42 =β = β15 ππ. π π΅ππππππ -114. π΄ 99.01 π β πΉππ ππππ (π΅πΆ).43 1 πΉ. Solution: 1) The displacement sign: β πΉππ ππππ (π΄π΅).58 π΅ππππππ π­ππππ π¬.75π 4) Distribution factors: βΉ π½ππππ‘ π΄ β π·π΄π΅ = 0 βΉ π½ππππ‘ π΅ β π·π΅π΄ = πΎ βΉ π½ππππ‘ πΆ β π·πΆπ΅ = 1 πΎπ΄π΅ π΄π΅ +πΎπ΅πΆ π = π+0. π­ 0 0.75 ( ) βΉ 0. π 99.17 -37.15 Moment Distribution Method (Beams) Structural Analysis II Example 10 (Support Settlement + Edge simple support) Calculate the final end moments. βπ΅πΆ = β10 ππ = β0.17 -15 . π 12 82 2 20Γ8 6Γ2(4000)Γ0.02 0.01 π 2) Fixed End Moments: ππΏ2 6πΈπΌβ β πΏ2 12 ππΏ2 6πΈπΌβ β πΏ2 12 πΉ β ππ΄π΅ =β πΉ ππ΅π΄ = 6πΈπΌβ πΏ2 ππΏ 6πΈπΌβ β πΏ2 8 πΉ β ππ΅πΆ =β πΉ ππΆπ΅ = ππΏ 8 β 20Γ82 6Γ2(4000)Γ0. π 12 82 =β = 60Γ4 6Γ4000Γβ0. πΈ.75 64.50 0.17 π΅ππππππ -35. if the support (B) sinks by (10 ππ) using the Hardy Crossβs Method. π2 ).57 & π·π΅πΆ = 1 β 0.50 -114.15 -26.01 β = β114.01 β 8 42 60Γ4 6Γ4000Γβ0.00 -131. πΉ.02 -64.57 = 0. πΈ.

π2 ] Solution: 1) The displacement sign: & β βπ΄ = βπ· = 0 & βπ΅ = 20 ππ βπΆ = 12 ππ β πΉππ ππππ (π΄π΅).67 ππ.5 ππ. π 3) Stiffness: βΉ 1.53 = 0.02 π β πΉππ ππππ (π΅πΆ).16 Moment Distribution Method (Beams) Structural Analysis II Example 11 (Support Settlement + Edge simple support) Calculate the final end moments if the support (B) sinks by (20 ππ) and support (C) by (12 ππ) using the Moment Distribution Method.02 ]β 62 62 6Γ1.5 ππ.6π = 0.65 ππ.5πΈπΌ 5 = β[ =[ 6πΈπΌβ πΏ2 πΉ β ππΆπ· =β πΉ ππ·πΆ = 6πΈπΌβ πΏ2 30Γ2Γ42 62 =β = 15Γ52 12 15Γ52 12 =β = 30Γ2Γ42 62 β + β + 30Γ4Γ22 6Γ2(5000)Γ0.012 β 8 42 = β73. π = 45.75 ( 4 ) = βΉ 1. βπ΅πΆ = β(20 β 12) = β8 ππ = β0.5(5000)Γβ0.6π 3πΈπΌ 16 βΉπ 4) Distribution factors: βΉ π½ππππ‘ π΄ β π·π΄π΅ = 0 βΉ π½ππππ‘ π΅ β π·π΅π΄ = πΎ πΎπ΄π΅ π΄π΅ +πΎπ΅πΆ 1.008 π β πΉππ ππππ (πΆπ·). [ππππ πΈπΌ = 5000 ππ.5(5000)Γβ0.02 ]β 62 62 30Γ4Γ22 6Γ2(5000)Γ0.012 β 8 42 50Γ4 6Γ5000Γβ0.008 52 50Γ4 6Γ5000Γβ0. Nyazi Tawfeeg = .33 ππ.008 52 6Γ1. π = 6. βπΆπ· = β12 ππ = β0. π = β2. π = 47. βπ΄π΅ = +20 ππ = +0. π = β16.012 π 2) Fixed End Moments: πΉ β ππ΄π΅ =β πΉ ππ΅π΄ = πππ2 πΏ2 πΉ β ππ΅πΆ =β πΉ ππΆπ΅ = πππ2 πΏ2 β ππΏ2 12 ππΏ2 12 β β 6πΈπΌβ πΏ2 β 6πΈπΌβ πΏ2 ππΏ 8 β 6πΈπΌβ πΏ2 ππΏ 8 β 6πΈπΌβ πΏ2 β πΎπ΄π΅ = 2πΈπΌ 6 = πΈπΌ 3 β πΎπ΅πΆ = 1.78π+1.47 Eng.85 ππ.78π 3πΈπΌ 10 πΈπΌ β πΎπΆπ· = 0.78π = 1.53 & π·π΅πΆ = 1 β 0.

25 -12.39 0. πΉ.03 0.11 -0.91 1. π΄ 47.44 π΅ππππππ 0.62 0.20 -0.50 -68.33 6.62 = 0. Calculate the final end moments if the Flexural Rigidity (πΈπΌ = 200 ππ.35 πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ 0.47 0. πΈ.62 & π·πΆπ· = 1 β 0.5 π΅ππππππ πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ π. Solution: 1) The displacement sign: & βπΆ = 16 ππ β πΉππ ππππ (π΄π΅). πΈ.40 4.53 0.85 45.00 Example 12 (Support Settlement + Edge simple support + Cantilever) The settlement of (16 ππ) of the support (C) is due to the applied load shown.85 π΅ππππππ 5. π2 ) along the whole length of the beam.21 πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ 0. π -23.54 0.23 0.91 35.39 -1.18 0.74 π΅ππππππ 0.6π 1.88 -0.02 π΅ππππππ 3.37 2. π ( πβπππ ππ  ππ πππππ‘πππππ πππ₯ππ ) πππ ππππππ‘π  πππππ’π π βπ΄π΅ = 0 Eng.78 πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ 2.38 1 πΉ.07 -0.71 45.42 -0.75 -73.33 6.07 0.12 -0.11 0.03 -0.18 -0.19 2. Nyazi Tawfeeg β βπ΄ = βπ΅ = 0 .83 πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ 1.65 -26.60 -0.17 Moment Distribution Method (Beams) Structural Analysis II πΎπ΅πΆ πΎπ΅πΆ +πΎπΆπ· βΉ π½ππππ‘ πΆ β π·πΆπ΅ = βΉ π½ππππ‘ π· β π·π·πΆ = 1 = 1.6π+π = 0.03 -7.65 -2.5 -47.06 π΅ππππππ π­ππππ π¬.38 5) Moment distribution Table: π±ππππ A B C D π΄πππππ AB BA BC CB CD DC π«. π -73. βπ΅πΆ = +16 ππ = +0. βπ΄π΅ = 0 β πΉππ ππππ (π΅πΆ).04 15.016 π 2) Fixed End Moments: πΉ πΉ β ππ΄π΅ = βππ΅π΄ =β ππΏ 8 =β 100Γ8 8 = β100 ππ.91 -15.67 -16. π­ 0 0.18 -35.67 -16.70 -6.48 -0.

016 82 = β128. π΄ -79. π 3) Stiffness: β πΎπ΄π΅ = πΈπΌ 8 βΉπ πΈπΌ β πΎπ΅πΆ = 0.57 0.00 0. πΈ. π π΅ππππππ πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ π΅ππππππ -100. πΈ.43 100 -128.75π 4) Distribution factors: βΉ π½ππππ‘ π΄ β π·π΄π΅ = 0 βΉ π½ππππ‘ π΅ β π·π΅π΄ = βΉ π½ππππ‘ πΆ β π·πΆπ΅ = 1 πΎπ΄π΅ πΎπ΄π΅ +πΎπ΅πΆ = π π+0.75π = 0. π πΉ β ππΆπ· = β20 Γ 2 = β40 ππ.13 31.13 -141.3 1 127. π­ 0 0. πΉ.15 41.43 πΉ.85 100.18 Moment Distribution Method (Beams) Structural Analysis II πΉ β ππ΅πΆ =β πΉ β ππΆπ΅ = ππΏ2 12 ππΏ2 12 β β 6πΈπΌβ πΏ2 6πΈπΌβ πΏ2 =β = 24Γ82 12 24Γ82 12 β β 6Γ200Γ0.75 ( 8 ) βΉ 0.7 -40 -87.00 π­ππππ π¬.7 ππ.13 .70 -43.57 & π·π΅πΆ = 1 β 0.57 = 0.00 Eng.57 0.00 -172.02 20.00 40. Nyazi Tawfeeg 141. π = 127.00 -40.43 5) Moment distribution Table: π±ππππ A B C π΄πππππ AB BA BC CB CD π«.016 82 6Γ200Γ0.3 ππ. π π΅ππππππ πΆππππ¦ ππ£ππ -100 π.