Chemical injection

12.1:List chemical in use in your area and explain their hazards

sodium Hypochlorite :Not flammable , Skin itching ,eyes itching
Poly electrolyte : Not flammable , Skin itching ,eyes itching
Corrosion inhibitor : Flammable ,Eyes Harmful
Scale inhibitor :Eyes and Skin itching
Biocide A :Toxic :Skin itching
Biocide B : Toxic :Skin itching
Oxygen Scavenger :Sore throat , Skin itching
Demulsifir :Flammable , Eyes Harmful , Skin itching
TEG : Toxic , Flammable ,Eyes harmful , Skin Itching

12.2 : Make a table and describe where they used and why ?
Sodium Hypoclorite

Poly Electrolyte

Scale Inhibitor

Biocide A

At the inlet of water
tank to kill bacteria

Before filters to
Before filters & well
collect particles for
heads to prevent
smoothening filtration corrosion

Corrosion Inhibitor

At the inlet of
stripping tower to
prevent scale

Injected into surge
vessel to kill aerobic

Biocide B

Oxygen Scavenger



Injected into surge
vessel to kill Nonaerobic bacteria

After stripping tower
to remove un
dissolved Oxygen

In inlet manifold
headers and DH
header for separation

Used to dehydrate
wet gas

3 : Calculate the chemical injection rate .4: Adjust the chemical injection rate _ is it necessary to have this checked everyday ? Close chemical tank’s discharge valve Check the rate of sight glass per minute Multiply the number by 60 then 24 and divide the result to 1000 The result is the chemical injection per day It is necessary to be checked daily because of any change in the rate could cause an upset in the process 12.5 : Describe the correct protective clothing to wear when handling chemicals -Plastic gloves -Rubber Boats -goggles/Face shield -Face mask -Rubber apron .of water 12. How do you convert L/D to PPM and PPM to L/d ? LPD={Production (bbl) x PPM x 159}/10^6 GPD = {production (bbl) xPPM x42 }/10^6 PPM = {L/D x 10^6 } / {production (bbl) x 159} 12.

7 : Receive and unload chemical deliveries taking all the necessary precautions 123456- check the chemical name Check the MESC number of the chemical Check for any leaking or damaged drums Do not store the drums on each other Do not mix different types of chemicals Check the manifest how many drums is received 12. some wellheads flow lines Oxygen scavenger : Stripping tower outlet . DH header . wet gas header.Check the level in the tank .8 : Identify the chemical injection points in the various location of the fields Demulsifir : (HP.6: What is the purpose of routine checks on chemical injection system and what are you looking for? To ensure that the chemical injection is going on with the specified rate . main water injection header Corrosion inhibitor : Disposal water tanks .IP. SDH/SRT header Scale inhibitor : Oxygen Stripping tower .TEST) headers .Check for any leak .Check the shower and eye wash station are available .12.Adjust the rate 12.Check the pump is pumping .

fire fighting .D. it gives vital information about the injected chemical Hazards. First aid .11: List the kind of problems you may face in your plant if the chemical injection fails .S is an abbreviation for Material Safety Data Sheet It found posted near every chemical injection station .Poly Electrolyte :dilution water filters inlet Sodium Hypochlorite : Inlet of water tank Glycol : gas plant Biocide : water storage vessel 12. and you do not .S.Wasting for money Under dosage : Will not give the expected result 12.10 : What dose SHOC/M.D. Symptoms . Prevention .S stand for and where you can you find it and how does it help you ? SHOC is an abbreviation for Safe Handling Of Chemical M.S. Spillage 12.9 : Describe the effect of over and under dosage Over dosage : 1.Gives reverse effect 2.

notice it for a long period if the Demulsifir injection fails then a bad separation in all separators and trains will start causing a lot of problems like emulsion If the corrosion inhibitor fails for a long period then corrosion in piping can take place resulting a pin holes In the pipes .