COMPASS AIRLINES

GOS Mod 21 – Flight Crew Qualifications V8

Aircraft Airworthiness GOS Mod 21 V8
This course describes the procedures and forms that must be completed before a
Compass Airlines aircraft is considered “airworthy.” The majority of the content for this
course is derived from Chapter 14 of the Flight Operations Manual (FOM).
This course includes the following topics:
1. General Flight Crew Responsibilities
2. Minimum Equipment List (MEL)
3. Procedures Regulating Equipment Failure Before Takeoff
4. Aircraft Maintenance Logbook
5. Deferred Maintenance Items (DMI) and Other Forms
6. Maintenance Acceptance Flights (MAFs)
7. Ferry Flights
8. Resetting and Cycling Electrical Circuit Breakers
9. Tire Wear Limitations
10. Summary
Upon completing this course, you will be able to:
 Recognize the provisions and procedures associated with mechanical
interruptions of flight.
 Identify boarding status codes and procedures when mechanical delays occur.
 Identify the resources that provide guidance to the flight crew in dealing with
inoperable equipment.
 Describe the purpose and procedures associated with the Minimum Equipment
List (MEL).
 List the MEL categories.
 Explain crew procedures if equipment fails after departing the blocks.
 Explain the policies and procedures associated with aborted takeoffs.
 List the crew responsibilities involved in filling out the Aircraft Maintenance
Logbook.
 Identify required preflight actions regarding the Aircraft Maintenance Logbook.
 Explain how to properly fill out a flight log sheet.
 Describe preflight actions regarding deferred maintenance items.
 State the crew duties involved in a mechanical irregularity.
 List pilot responsibilities regarding maintenance acceptance flights.

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GOS Mod 21 – Flight Crew Qualifications V8

COMPASS AIRLINES





Describe maintenance acceptance flight procedures.
Describe the procedures associated with maintenance ferry flights and their
limitations.
Describe the procedures associated with resetting and cycling circuit breakers.
Explain how to secure and tag circuit breakers.
Identify tire wear conditions that warrant replacement.

To get credit for this course, you must:
 Review the course content.
 Take the online exam and pass with a score of at least 80 percent.
The Summary explains how to access the final course exam.

1. General Flight Crew Responsibilities
Compass Airlines aircraft will only be flown in an airworthy condition. Therefore,
Compass flight crewmembers are expected to fulfill the following responsibilities:

The Pilot in Command (PIC) will enter all mechanical irregularities in the Aircraft
Maintenance Logbook (including after block-out and prior to takeoff) (FAR
121.563).

Any indication of a mechanical discrepancy is to be taken seriously. If the item fits
the description of a mechanical discrepancy as defined in the Inoperable
Instruments and Equipment section of Chapter 14 of the FOM, then the situation
should be handled in accordance with the Mechanical Irregularity Action Chart,
described later in this course.

Crewmembers will undertake only those maintenance-related tasks that are
written into their checklists, Quick Reference Handbook (QRH), Aircraft
Operations Manual (AOM), and the FOM, as well as those maintenance-related
tasks that have been approved for pilot accomplishment in the Minimum
Equipment List (MEL).

Mechanical Interruptions of Flight
"Flight" in this sense commences when an aircraft moves under its own power for the
purpose of flight and ends after engine shutdown (at destination, planned or otherwise).

The PIC will complete a Crew Report—or equivalent Aviation Safety Action
Program (ASAP) Report—for every interruption of a flight caused by a known or
suspected mechanical problem. (Other crewmembers may also use this form to
provide input on the circumstances of a flight.)

The Crew Report or ASAP Report provides the crew’s input for the report that the
Company is required to file with the FAA. Personnel shall use care in the
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COMPASS AIRLINES

GOS Mod 21 – Flight Crew Qualifications V8

accuracy of information involved, and will submit the reports in accordance with
the procedures covered in Chapter 4 of the FOM.

Mechanical Delay Information
When mechanical delays occur:
 Normally, Maintenance Control will inform Dispatch of the delay, the reason for it,
and the estimated maintenance completion time.
 Line Maintenance or the PIC will inform Maintenance Control of any problem that
arises.
 If it is a PIC write-up, the PIC should notify both Maintenance Control and
Dispatch.
 Each unscheduled maintenance action is assigned a status code by Maintenance
Control based on how the action will impact customer boarding of a proposed
flight on that aircraft. The codes and their relevance to flight operations are
shown below:
Code
A

B
C
D

Operational Impact
Confident the ETIS is good, therefore, do not delay boarding
except for the unlikely circumstance that the action is of a
nature or location that would create undue concern among
the passengers.
Do not expect delay, however, hold boarding.
Aircraft still in evaluation. Time given is an estimate. Hold
Boarding.
A/C expected out of service for an extended period of time.

Inoperable Instruments and Equipment
The PIC will not begin a flight with inoperable instruments or equipment installed except
in accordance with Chapter 14, Section 2A of the FOM.
The flight crew has a QRC, a QRH, an AOM, and an MEL available for guidance during
situations of apparent or actual mechanical irregularities. These references should be
used in the order listed here: QRC, QRH, AOM, and MEL.

2. Minimum Equipment List (MEL)
Compass Airlines issues and maintains a Minimum Equipment List / Configuration
Deviation List (MEL/CDL) document as authorized by Ops Spec D095.

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and Maintenance/Flight Crew (M/FC) procedures. or will be. or D—as specified in the MEL. They involve Operations (O). Deferred Maintenance Item Categories The length of time that an item can be deferred is determined by the deferred category—A. These procedures are set forth in the MEL and will be adhered to by all personnel. and M/FC procedures called for in the MEL/CDL have been accomplished. Maintenance (M).  Prior to flight. these are items whose malfunction will in no way affect the airworthiness of the aircraft. it is the PIC’s responsibility to determine that: o All inoperable items are listed in the Maintenance Logbook and that all O.  An M/FC item in the MEL is deemed suitable for both flight crew and Maintenance personnel to accomplish. that inoperable item must be deferred in accordance with the procedures set forth in the FOM and the MEL.  There are certain Non-essential Equipment and Furnishings (NEF) that may be deferred without being in the MEL/CDL. C. complied with.  Typically. o All performance and other restrictions listed in the MEL/CDL have been. This item does not normally require the use of tools. MEL and Maintenance-related Tasks The MEL provides for certain procedures that must be accomplished prior to or during a flight operation with an inoperable item. If there are circumstances beyond the control of the Company. some of these time limits may be extended (in accordance with Operations Specifications D095) by the Director of Maintenance or the Director of Quality Control.GOS Mod 21 – Flight Crew Qualifications V8 COMPASS AIRLINES  These regulations provide that any instruments or equipment installed on an aircraft must be operable unless specifically provided for in the approved MEL/CDL. NEF items would include (but are not limited to): cracked reading light lenses. missing seattrack filler. damaged/missing interior trim. 4 of 33 . and it may be performed by a pilot when requested by a Maintenance Controller. Prior to flight with an inoperable item. or a carpet edge that is peeling up. B. missing window shades. M. and o Strict adherence to the provisions of the MEL/CDL.  The key to safe operations with inoperable items is: o The knowledge by the crew that they are inoperable and not to be depended upon.

 Category C – Repaired within ten (10) consecutive calendar days (240 hours). excluding the day the malfunction was recorded in the Maintenance Logbook. meaning that it must be repaired within 72 hours.COMPASS AIRLINES GOS Mod 21 – Flight Crew Qualifications V8 When an item of aircraft equipment has been deferred.  Category D – Repaired within one hundred and twenty (120) consecutive calendar days (2880 hours). This day is excluded from the calendar days or flight days specified in the MEL for the repair of an inoperative item of equipment.  Category B – Repaired within three (3) consecutive calendar days (72 hours). The following page is an excerpt from the E175 MEL for Autopilot controls. the PIC will check that the deferred item has not exceeded its expiration date:  Category A – Repaired within the time interval specified in the Remarks column of the MEL (see note below). MEL Definitions  Mechanical Discrepancy/Irregularity – An instrument or piece of equipment is 5 of 33 . excluding the day the malfunction was recorded in the Maintenance Logbook. Note that this is a Category B repair. excluding the day the malfunction was recorded in the Maintenance Logbook. Note: “Day of Discovery” is the calendar day on which an equipment/instrument malfunction was recorded in the Maintenance Logbook.

AOM. and a bag door light. If there is no discrepancy. consult the Action Chart and determine if you can continue.e. “normal”). 6 of 33 . or otherwise attempt to re-create or delete the intermittent/transient condition in an attempt to prove to themselves that there is no problem unless procedures in the AOM. or MEL specifically written to give the crew on-the-ground guidance on how to proceed with the indication.  Intermittent/Transient Irregularities – Modern high-performance aircraft are designed and operated with multiple computers and other electronic equipment that characteristically can give intermittent or transient indications of a mechanical discrepancy. there is no requirement for it to return unless: o It is no longer airworthy. o Some of these indications may be mechanical irregularities and some may be within the design parameters of the aircraft (i. these actions would otherwise constitute "troubleshooting.  If the item is restrictive. Note that “Mechanical Discrepancy” and “Mechanical Irregularity” are used interchangeably in this course. Procedures Regulating Equipment Failure Before Takeoff Ground Continue Procedures The flight crew will use the Mechanical Irregularity Action Chart whenever a mechanical irregularity is experienced after departing the blocks. Every intermittent/ transient indication will be considered a mechanical discrepancy until QRH. or the MEL direct this. AOM. which may go away when a circuit breaker is cycled. 3.  The key concept here is that once an airworthy aircraft moves off the blocks. Examples of these are the configuration warning. the problem will be written up and the aircraft returned to the gate for maintenance action if found prior to takeoff (per the procedures in the Mechanical Irregularity Action Chart). run-up. the item must be deferrable and not restrictive to your flight. If not.” and that is the purview of Maintenance. or MEL guidance demonstrates that it is normal.COMPASS AIRLINES GOS Mod 21 – Flight Crew Qualifications V8 inoperable (a mechanical discrepancy) if it has malfunctioned to the extent that it does not accomplish its intended purpose and/or is not consistently functioning normally within its approved operating limits or tolerances. failing to start.  To continue with an MEL procedure. o Unless the indication is deferrable or unless there is a procedure in the QRH. QRH (written for use on the ground). o The irregularity cannot be deferred. return to the gate. o In no case will the crew cycle. there is nothing to write up.. turn on and off. but prior to takeoff.

the PIC will ensure that the mechanical discrepancy is entered into the Maintenance Logbook and discussed with Maintenance Control. the flight should be continued by using the guidance specified in the MEL.  Because the item is deferrable and not restrictive. If it is not possible to coordinate this directly with Dispatch/Maintenance Control over the radio.  Once at the destination.COMPASS AIRLINES GOS Mod 21 – Flight Crew Qualifications V8  If the flight crew determines that the flight may proceed safely under the conditions of the Dispatch Release through Maintenance Control. or if the malfunction is restrictive in nature. then an attempt will be made to accomplish this coordination over the radio through Operations. At that time. (M). Uncertain Whether to Continue If an equipment or instrument failure occurs after the aircraft departs the blocks while moving for the purpose of takeoff and the PIC is unable to make the determination that the flight can continue safely. then a new or amended release is required. then the PIC will contact Maintenance Control and together they will review the situation to determine whether:  The flight should return to the gate for repairs. or  Because the condition is intermittent and there is a procedure to clear the condition specified for use on the ground in the QRC. or MEL. QRH. the flight should be continued in accordance with the Ground Continue Approved / Fault Reset Guide. This will be coordinated with Maintenance Control and Dispatch either by radio or the aircraft communications addressing and reporting system (ACARS). or if there are (O). and (M/FC) procedures that may not be able to be accomplished away from the gate. the flight may continue.  The flight should return to the gate to accomplish an (O). and (M/FC) procedure specified in the MEL (that cannot be accomplished by the aircrew after instructions are given by Maintenance) before continuing the flight. Maintenance Control will issue a work order number and either: o Issue instructions for deferring the item in accordance with procedures in this chapter. Amendments to the Dispatch Release If the conditions for flight are changed by a mechanical discrepancy to the extent that the original Dispatch Release is no longer valid. and in accordance with the Ground Continue Approved/Fault Reset Guide. Aborted Takeoffs 7 of 33 . or o Coordinate repair of the inoperable item. (M). AOM.

Compass policy is to only allow one more attempted takeoff for the same discrepancy (or indication of a discrepancy). and the PIC will return to the gate and write up the discrepancy. comply with all AOM procedures. General Abort Policy The PIC will contact Maintenance Control following an abort. and review the available options with them. 8 of 33 . or the AOM. o It may be necessary to park in a remote area long enough for the brakes to cool prior to returning to the gate to write up the occurrence in the Maintenance Logbook so that the brakes can be inspected. o The guidance is a procedure that is clearly written for use by pilots and allows the flight to continue with departure. High Energy Abort Policy The PIC will consider all safety implications should a high-speed abort be required. The PIC will contact Dispatch following an abort.  If heavy braking has been used. and the aircraft:  Is cleared for takeoff.  Subsequently discontinues the takeoff.  Contact Dispatch/Maintenance Control following an abort.COMPASS AIRLINES GOS Mod 21 – Flight Crew Qualifications V8 A discontinued takeoff will be considered an “abort” for the purposes of reporting whenever a Compass aircraft with the intent to take off is cleared onto a runway. and  Either remains on the runway or taxies clear of the runway. and together they will review the available options. or o Determine whether the AOM allows for the flight to continue after a specified waiting period. it must be assumed that there is an actual mechanical discrepancy. the QRH (only if it has been designated as a "ground use" procedure).  If a second abort is required.  The pilot may only accept guidance from Maintenance Control that allows him to attempt a second takeoff if: o The guidance comes from the MEL.  Moves with the intention of takeoff. Reporting Aborts The PIC will report all aborts:  To Dispatch immediately.  If the PIC decides to attempt a second takeoff.

or deferred before block-out.GOS Mod 21 – Flight Crew Qualifications V8 COMPASS AIRLINES    To Maintenance Control if for maintenance-related reasons. In the latter case. o Mechanical irregularities and their corrective action or deferral information. routine and service checks. o QRH Ground Reset procedures that require coordination with Maintenance Control o QRH Ground Reset procedures that are used frequently within a flight day(s). o Maintenance inspections including. The PIC will also ensure that all mechanical irregularities found during aircraft preflight or post-flight inspections are entered in the Aircraft Maintenance Logbook. 4.  Is used for recording: o Airworthiness release sign-offs..e. the flight is defined as “when the aircraft first moves under its own power until the engines are shut down at the end of the flight. For the purposes of this section.  Is the joint responsibility of Flight and Maintenance Departments. Verbally to the Chief Pilot within 24 hours. they must be either fixed and signed off. Those found during the preflight inspection must be entered and either fixed and signed off. but not limited to.” Aircraft Maintenance Log Container Each Aircraft Maintenance Log Container will contain the following items:  At least one Aircraft Maintenance Logbook 9 of 33 . To the Safety Department via Crew Report within 72 hours or ASAP report within 48 hours. wildlife or Air Traffic Control). Those found during the post-flight inspection must be entered and called into Maintenance Control before the crew departs the aircraft or before the next flight. If a bird strike occurs in flight. or deferred before flight. The PIC will ensure that all mechanical irregularities occurring during flight (including after block-out and prior to takeoff) are entered in the Aircraft Maintenance Logbook at the end of the flight. If an abort was not mechanical (i. this should also be written up.  Must be carried on board the aircraft for each flight. Aircraft Maintenance Logbook The Aircraft Maintenance Logbook:  Is a legal document containing a record of maintenance actions. add “Entry not made in logbook” in each of the reports above.

10 of 33 . A Summary of Deferred Items Form Blank “INOPERATIVE” DMI placards A VOR Accuracy Log Blank Parts Control tags.COMPASS AIRLINES GOS Mod 21 – Flight Crew Qualifications V8 o o          Logbooks are serially numbered. Form QC-Q02 Parts Tag Bag Blank “Temporary Limitations” placards CAT II Approach Tracking Data Collection Form QARA-305 A/C Damage Mapping Stickers A/C on Maintenance Placard Sample Aircraft Maintenance Logbook Page The following page shows a sample page from the Aircraft Maintenance Logbook. White (original) copy of the pages remains in the logbook.

COMPASS AIRLINES GOS Mod 21 – Flight Crew Qualifications V8 11 of 33 .

Any time a signature is applied to an Aircraft Maintenance Log page. the person’s FAA ATP certificate number or CPS employee number is to be included. o Exceedance of engine operating limitations. o Lightning strikes. This should be done quickly to avoid delaying the subsequent flight.  It is the PIC’s responsibility to report such incidents to the Maintenance Department by entering them as a mechanical discrepancy in the Aircraft Maintenance Logbook. in all cases. o Severe air turbulence or severe maneuvers. This control number will serve as proof of notification to Maintenance Control. Entering Discrepancies The person entering a mechanical discrepancy in the Aircraft Maintenance Logbook will contact Maintenance Control.  Pilots relinquishing an aircraft shall notify Maintenance Control of the write-up prior to leaving the aircraft when possible but. which will issue a work order number (WO) that will be used for the management of the mechanical discrepancy.COMPASS AIRLINES GOS Mod 21 – Flight Crew Qualifications V8 Policy  Some irregularities requiring a write-up include situations in which the aircraft has been subjected to: o Hard/overweight landings. at least prior to checking out. o Exceedance of flap or landing gear placard speeds. an attempt will be made by the departing crew to advise the arriving crew of the open write-up. and place the open logbook on the PIC’s seat.  All entries except signatures made in the Maintenance Logbook will be legibly printed in black or blue ink. o Exceedance of aircraft speed limitations. thus indicating action required prior to the next flight.  In addition to the required call to Maintenance Control to advise of the mechanical discrepancy and obtain a control number.  Crews leaving an aircraft with an open entry in the mechanical discrepancy block of the Aircraft Maintenance Logbook will leave the logbook open to the page containing the entry. o Foreign object damage.  Aircraft Maintenance Log pages shall not be destroyed. 12 of 33 . o Towing with a large fuel imbalance or high drag/side loads due to ground handling.

employee number. The aircraft is good until midnight on the second day. maintenance will remove the old logbook from the aircraft.COMPASS AIRLINES GOS Mod 21 – Flight Crew Qualifications V8 o If an error is made on an Aircraft Maintenance Log page.  Verify that the Maintenance Logbook shows no open write-ups since the last airworthiness release. o All corrections to Maintenance Log pages must be initialed by the person making the correction. followed by his or her name and employee number. write VOID. or VOR Accuracy Log. since the completion of the daily task can be verified by the presence of an airworthiness release or logbook entry showing the task was completed. the white copy of the previous logbook will remain on the aircraft to provide reference to the last Airworthiness Release. o Service checks are performed every two days (48 hours) on the E175. However.  Verify that all active Deferred Maintenance Items (DMIs) are within their expiration period and associated M/FC procedures have been complied with. and has faxed any missing and required forms. After the first Airworthiness Release is entered in the current logbook. o If the current logbook does not have an Airworthiness Release entered in it yet. draw a diagonal line across the applicable section of the page. o No Compass aircraft will be flown unless it has the appropriate Aircraft Maintenance Logbook Container on board.  Checking (M) procedures that require Maintenance to perform a daily task is also a PIC responsibility. Accepting the Aircraft Before accepting the aircraft.  Verify that the Maintenance Logbook contains a record of required scheduled maintenance inspections performed within the required time. Summary of Deferred Item Log. the aircraft may depart an outstation if Maintenance Control has sent a report of closed Maintenance Irregularities (MIs) to the crew. 13 of 33 . the flight crew must:  Check the aircraft Weight and Balance placard to ensure that the indicated Basic Operating Weight (BOW) and Index are used for performance and weight and balance calculations. and enter the date.  Ensure that the Aircraft Maintenance Logbook contains at least two unused log pages before departing a maintenance base. The incorrect entry must remain legible. A routine check may substitute for a service check. and signature. o Strike out any incorrect entries using one line only.

then call it into Maintenance Control (MC) for a Work Order Number (WO) and confirmation on whether the item will be repaired or deferred. If after this discussion there is any doubt as to whether the system is working properly. he will first call Maintenance Control to discuss the observation.Additional. These procedures are summarized below:  After consulting the Mechanical Irregularity Action Chart. or if it is determined that a discrepancy exists. if the PIC is certain that a mechanical discrepancy exists. Sample Mechanical Irregularity Action Chart The following sample page shows the decisions that must be made if a mechanical irregularity is noticed during taxi.  After the PIC and/or Maintenance Control determine that the aircraft must be repaired or deferred. under Mechanical Irregularity Action Procedures or the Mechanical Irregularity Action chart in the QRH in Chapter 17 . he will first enter the mechanical discrepancy into the Maintenance Logbook. Section 4 of the FOM. the PIC’s actions differ depending on one of the following phases of flight: o In the blocks o During taxi o During takeoff o In flight Each of these phases is represented by a page in the Mechanical Irregularity Action Chart. comply with the procedures listed in Chapter 14. 14 of 33 .  If the PIC observes an unfamiliar aircraft symptom and is uncertain whether a mechanical discrepancy exists. then the PIC will enter the discrepancy into the Maintenance Logbook and proceed accordingly.GOS Mod 21 – Flight Crew Qualifications V8 COMPASS AIRLINES Recording Mechanical Discrepancies When encountering an irregularity.

COMPASS AIRLINES GOS Mod 21 – Flight Crew Qualifications V8 15 of 33 .

continue the write-up in the next section and cross out the Employee. if you record multiple discrepancies at the same time. If additional sections are needed to record the discrepancy. o Show the SIC the write-up in the logbook. you can enter them on the same sheet. o The SIC will review and verify that the discrepancy has been documented in accordance with Compass procedures. enter the complete aircraft registration number and current date at the top of the page. 16 of 33 . WO. o Enter your signature in the INITIATED BY field. When entering a mechanical discrepancy into the logbook. o Enter your ATP or CPS employee number. However. o Each time you open the logbook to record a discrepancy. do the following: o Obtain a work order (WO) number from Maintenance Control and enter that number in the WO section of the page. Record mechanical irregularities on the left side of the Maintenance Log in the Mechanical Discrepancies section. STA. See the example below. use a new log page. Follow these steps: 1. enter the information in the section shown below.COMPASS AIRLINES GOS Mod 21 – Flight Crew Qualifications V8 When recording mechanical discrepancies in the Aircraft Maintenance Logbook. o When you start a new logbook page. 2. o Check the FLIGHT box and indicate if ATTCS was used (as in the case of a V1 cut) by checking the USED ATTCS box. and Date fields. o Enter the station where the discrepancy was discovered. o Enter the date the discrepancy was recorded. o Describe the discrepancy in as much detail as possible to assist in troubleshooting of the problem.

28-41-03)] and transferred to the Summary of Deferred Items 17 of 33 . System Control will contact Maintenance Control and arrange radio or phone contact between the PIC and the maintenance controller. Report the mechanical discrepancy entered on the Maintenance Log page to Maintenance Control. 2. Note: If necessary.COMPASS AIRLINES GOS Mod 21 – Flight Crew Qualifications V8 Recording a Corrective Action When authorized by Maintenance Control. CDL or NEF (as applicable) [for MEL/CDL items. include MEL/CDL number (e.g. the PIC will use the following process to enter deferred items into the Maintenance Logbook. 1. See the samples below. Enter the necessary information adjacent to the mechanical discrepancy: o Work order number of the discrepancy o Station where the discrepancy was deferred o The associated 4-digit ATA code o The date that the discrepancy is deferred o RII YES – Check the NO box indicating an inspection is not required o Deferral statement: Deferred IAW MEL.

COMPASS AIRLINES o o o GOS Mod 21 – Flight Crew Qualifications V8 Any (M/FC) or (O) procedures accomplished The name and employee number of the Maintenance Operations Manager who authorized the deferral Your signature and ATP number. and (M) items have been complied with. 3. Complete and place the "INOPERATIVE" placard where specified by the MEL and as directed by Maintenance Control. Ensure that all required (O). write "Continued below. complete a "Temporary Limitations" placard of any changes to limitations and place it in a position clearly visible to both pilots. 6. Transfer the deferral to the Summary of Deferred Items as explained later in this course. 18 of 33 . 7. (M/FC). o Include the MEL Chapter and sequence number directly below the word “INOPERATIVE” and the WO number. If additional lines are needed to record the corrective action and use the next open section. See WO # xxxxx-x" in the mechanic signoff area. 4. When applicable. and the time of the deferral. 5.

COMPASS AIRLINES GOS Mod 21 – Flight Crew Qualifications V8 Entering Deferred Items When flight crews are authorized to accomplish (M/FC) or (O) procedures for certain MEL/CDL/NEF items. use the process just described above to enter the accompanying deferral information. See the example below. QRH Ground Reset procedure 19 of 33 .

. d. e. 3) In the judgment of the captain. during the taxi to the gate. b. NOTE: Some reset procedures may be performed after the landing. A reset may only be attempted once. this may be a symptom of a mechanical discrepancy and Maintenance Control should be contacted for further coordination. prior to shut down. therefore. Deferred Maintenance Items (DMIs) and Other Forms When a maintenance item is to be deferred.COMPASS AIRLINES GOS Mod 21 – Flight Crew Qualifications V8 Use of a QRH Ground Reset procedure applicable to a mechanical irregularity is subject to the following rules: a. Refer to the directions in each specific procedure. the cabin temperature will remain comfortable and the time of power outage is not excessive. It is not necessary to deplane the passengers if the following conditions are met: 1) The main cabin door remains open and the jet bridge or stairs remain connected.  The Dispatcher will be informed by the Maintenance Controller verbally and through Maximo. The reset procedure assumes all normal procedures have been complied with and all applicable switches/controls are appropriately set. if a reset procedure is used frequently within a flight day or days. 2) Emergency lighting is available. The airplane must be on the ground. the following steps must be completed. If a QRH Ground Reset is successful (i.e. The emergency/parking brake must be ON. However. c. 5. 4) The captain will brief the flight attendants and make a PA to inform the passengers of the reset prior to de-powering the aircraft. no logbook entry will be made. 20 of 33 . the fault clears after completing the required Ground Reset procedures) the flight may be continued normally and: 1) Procedures not requiring prior coordination with Maintenance Control have no further corrective action required. If the procedure requires entirely de-powering the aircraft it may only be performed at the gate.

 As with all deferrals. o A brief description of the deferred item. o The date discovered. the mechanic or flight crewmember will record: o The MEL system and sequence number. specifically to check the accuracy of the information in the Dispatch Release. call Dispatch to have the DMI removed and the release amended. If there is any doubt as to the accuracy.”  When entering an item in the Summary of Deferred Items. A mechanic or flight crewmember may add items to this list.  The PIC will review the MEL for each DMI that is indicated in the Maintenance Logbook and in the Summary of Deferred Items. contact the dispatcher to amend the release. o The Maximo WO number. the mechanical discrepancy must not affect the continued airworthiness of the aircraft and must be covered by the MEL/CDL. A Non-Airworthiness Item will be recorded as NEF.  The PIC will defer a mechanical irregularity under the supervision of Maintenance Control in accordance with the Recording a Corrective Action procedure. if required. Summary of Deferred Items  The Summary of Deferred Items is a list of deferred discrepancies (MEL/NEF/CDL items).  If Maintenance clears a mechanical discrepancy while a PIC has command of the aircraft. 21 of 33 .  The mechanic/inspector or flight crewmember will enter the following statement in the Action Taken box of the original mechanical irregularity: “Transferred to Summary of Deferred Items.COMPASS AIRLINES GOS Mod 21 – Flight Crew Qualifications V8  Any open MELs or CDLs must be deferred and listed in the Deferred Maintenance Item section of the Dispatch Release (non-airworthiness items do not have to be listed).

Section 4 of the FOM or pages 18. Do not ask Maintenance Control if they want it written up!  There may be occasions when the crew is uncertain whether a mechanical irregularity exists. in which case call Maintenance Control to discuss the observation. contact the Chief Pilot (and if necessary.  Place . get a work order number.  If a disagreement occurs over the appropriate course of action. Maintenance Acceptance Flights (MAFs) The purpose of a maintenance acceptance flight is to verify the successful completion of maintenance actions designed to clear a mechanical discrepancy.list the VOR ID).GOS Mod 21 – Flight Crew Qualifications V8 COMPASS AIRLINES VOR Accuracy Log CPS policy is that the flight crew will perform a VOR operational check on the 1st and 15th of the month. 6. (See Chapter 14. If it is determined that an irregularity exists.  Frequency – enter the VOR frequency. The following information is required on the VOR Accuracy Log:  Date of the check. get a work order number.6 of the QRH).3-18. Mechanical Irregularity Action Chart If the PIC is certain a mechanical irregularity exists. the Manager of Maintenance Control or the Director of Aircraft Maintenance) to help resolve the situation. NOTE: For a dual VOR check. from either a repair station performing maintenance for Compass Airlines. Policy  MAFs may be conducted in conjunction with a repositioning flight. and confirm whether the item will be deferred or repaired. the maximum permissible variation between the two indicated bearings is 4 degrees.  Then. and confirm whether the item will be deferred or repaired.  Bearing Error 2 – Enter the indicated bearing to the VOR station used for the chech shown by the #2 VOR system  . write it up. or from a location 22 of 33 .Signature. comply with the Mechanical Irregularity Action Chart.  Bearing Error 1 – Enter the indicated bearing to the VOR station used for the check shown by the #1 VOR system. or if there is any doubt as to whether the system is working properly. the crew must write it up.

 All MAFs require authorization from the Director of Maintenance.  All flights will be issued a flight number and will be operated in an area known by the dispatcher on duty. Contract maintenance may have used its own gear pins. this will give you an idea of what to pay particular attention to on the MAF. 23 of 33 . and the PIC will note whether the flight was satisfactory or unsatisfactory. Flight Crew Procedures  Request that Dispatch send the flight release for the MAF. Flight crew and approved Maintenance personnel are the only persons permitted on maintenance acceptance flights. the aircraft must be determined to be capable of safe flight by signing off all open discrepancies. However.  The PIC will write up any discrepancies found during the flight. Director of Quality Control.  The PIC should get a briefing from MX regarding the type and extent of any repairs made. the aircraft must be “determined to be airworthy and capable of safe flight” by the repair station prior to the MAF/repositioning flight being conducted. with the required Maintenance Logbook record included. Note: An MAF may not be conducted in conjunction with a ferry flight.GOS Mod 21 – Flight Crew Qualifications V8 COMPASS AIRLINES where Compass has performed maintenance.  Ensure that all gear pins are removed and that first flight checks are completed in accordance with the AOM. or Maintenance Operations Manager.  Ensure that a complete aircraft preflight check has been conducted. the Compass deferral procedures may be utilized to defer items that are open. Maintenance Control Manager.  Ensure that the logbook is onboard the aircraft. At the discretion of the PIC conducting the flight and with Flight Operations Management approval. o If from a location where Company approvel maintenance personnel have performed maintenance on the aircraft. the flight may be operated under instrument meteorological conditions. provided the following requirements are met: o If from a repair station.  Ensure that the MAF Permit is onboard. the aircraft may not have any open discrepancies.  Maintenance will make a log page entry in the Mechanical Discrepancy Column for an MAF. provided the Compass MEL/CDL manual authorizes it. o In either case. A visual check of the landing gear is required to ensure that all pins have been removed.

g. but are not limited to: o Operational equipment necessary for the safe operation of the aircraft.  Examples of defect-related factors include. autopilot). and distribution.7(b). Policy  The safety of each Compass ferry flight will be jointly determined and must be agreed upon by Maintenance. The aircraft must be in a safe condition for flight but may not meet normal airworthiness requirements. but are not limited to: o Any item affecting normal operating procedures and standard line operating practices.  Once a determination has been made that an aircraft is in a safe condition for flight. 7. o Any equipment usage limitations (e. the PIC has the final decision whether the aircraft is safe for flight. if required.. o Pilot workload. 24 of 33 . including airspeed. Maintenance Control will obtain authorization for the ferry flight from one of the following individuals: o Director of Maintenance o Director of Quality Control  Maintenance Control will confer with System Control and the PIC to evaluate both defect-related and non-defect-related factors that must be considered in determining that an aircraft can safely be flown.  Examples of non-defect-related factors include. o Any aircraft limitations. ask Dispatch to patch you through to the Fleet Manager or the Supervisor of Flight Standards. maneuvering. the PIC and.  The PIC must sign off the logbook as either “MAF satisfactory” or “MAF unsatisfactory” in the Corrective Action column at the conclusion of the flight. In accordance with 14 CFR 91. Ferry Flights Ops Spec D084 allows Compass Airlines to reposition an aircraft to a base where necessary maintenance or alterations can be performed. If all of these parties cannot agree that the ferry aircraft is in a safe condition for flight and can safely be flown. o Any open MEL items. a Flight Operations Manager. no Ferry Permit will be issued until the reason for the disagreement has been resolved. weight.COMPASS AIRLINES GOS Mod 21 – Flight Crew Qualifications V8  If there are any doubts about weather or any other aspect of the MAF. center of gravity (CG) and fuel quantity. System Control.

Repair Engineering Order (REO).. o Availability of approved flight data for the ferry flight to be operated (i. o Following a report of smoke or fire without first determining and eliminating the source. 25 of 33 . without first determining and eliminating the source. or Technical Operators Response (TOR).e. for single-pack operation. Service Problem Report (SPR). limitations. o With runaway trim or uncommanded flight control movement or autopilot actions. o Following an electrical bus failure without first determining and eliminating the source. including weather minimums and any weather conditions to be avoided. o With fuel leaking beyond allowable limits. o An assessment of whether or not the aircraft’s flight characteristics have been appreciably changed or its operation in flight has been substantially affected. or considerations not normally associated with routine line operations o Any ferry flight resulting from aircraft damage requiring on-site inspection and/ or repairs by a Maintenance Technician prior to ferry flight authorization o Any ferry flight resulting from an aircraft flight limitation exceedance o Any ferry flight resulting from either a confirmed smoke or fire event or the unconfirmed report thereof o If requested by the PIC  Under no circumstances will an aircraft be ferried: o With an inoperative engine. etc. o Additional personnel who may be carried aboard the ferry flight. Maintenance Control will complete a Ferry Permit.). o The city pairing for which the Ferry Permit will be valid.  A Management Pilot must be contacted to obtain Flight Operations approval for the following: o Any ferry flight involving restrictions. This is accomplished by properly filling in all of the blocks on the webbased Ferry Permit Application page. o Any actions that must be accomplished before the aircraft can be released for safe flight. o With an expired ferry permit. o Any open Repair Tracking (RT). A properly completed Ferry Permit Application will contain all data relating to: o The inoperative system/component necessitating the intended ferry flight.COMPASS AIRLINES GOS Mod 21 – Flight Crew Qualifications V8 o Meteorological limits. o Engine performance of a non-affected engine. for gear-down operation. Ferry Permit  Upon receipt of the ferry authorization.

and therefore cannot be transmitted to the operating crew of the aircraft. When the computer outage is corrected. o The completed Ferry Permit and associated documents will be faxed to the crew. the PIC will review the completed Ferry Permit and indicate concurrence with the operation of the ferry via telephone or radio. unless and until all fields of the web-based Ferry Permit Application have been properly completed. In the event of a computer outage. o Any indications that a crew may reasonably expect to see displayed as a result of the condition or defect for which the aircraft is being ferried. and read back the log page entry for the ferry flight.  A Ferry Permit will not be issued.” o The Maintenance technician will date the ferry flight log page entry and sign it with name and employee number or A&P Certificate number. the Maintenance technician will contact Maintenance Control. o The Maintenance Operations Manager issuing the Ferry Permit will affix his signature next to his name. Note: The signature of the Maintenance Operations Manager on the Ferry Permit will constitute the maintenance record entry required by paragraph “c” of Operations Specification D084 that the aircraft is in a safe condition for flight. the required ferry flight information must be entered into the web-based Ferry Permit Application program. Maintenance Control may manually fill out a Ferry Permit. The Maintenance technician will make the following entry in the “Corrective Action” block of the log page: “Aircraft determined to be capable of safe flight per the attached Ferry Permit. If 26 of 33 . Required Documentation  The documentation required for a ferry flight operated in US airspace is the Ferry Permit and a copy of the D084 Operations Specifications. o Prior to the aircraft departing.  When the ferry aircraft has been determined to be in a safe condition for flight through the evaluation method with the flight crew.  A completed Ferry Permit and its associated documents must be transmitted as follows: o Maintenance Control will print the completed Ferry Permit.COMPASS AIRLINES GOS Mod 21 – Flight Crew Qualifications V8 o Any operational limitations/restrictions required for safe operation of the intended ferry flight. he will review the completed Ferry Permit and indicate his concurrence with the operation of the ferry flight with Maintenance Control.  When a Maintenance technician has determined that the ferry aircraft is in a safe condition for flight.

 The PIC is ultimately responsible for the safe operation of the ferry flight. 27 of 33 . and perform other duties as required for any dispatched flight. or status messages that may reasonably be expected to be displayed as a result of the condition or defect for which the aircraft is being ferried. Note: It is the responsibility of the Maintenance Operations Manager to ensure that the correct entry has been made in the Aircraft Maintenance Logbook prior to the ferry flight aircraft departing. the Maintenance technician will be instructed to make any required corrections to that log page entry. o The Ferry Permit and its associated documents will be attached to the log page for the ferry flight being conducted.  The PIC will brief the flight attendant and any other personnel who are to be carried aboard the aircraft of the reason for the ferry flight. On and In (OOOI) times for the ferry flight are transmitted to Dispatch either by ACARS or by voice communications. the Ferry Permit and its associated documents will be removed from the log page and forwarded to Aircraft Records.  The flight crew will maintain a high awareness of changing meteorological conditions en route that may preclude the flight from operating within the limitations associated with the defect or condition for which the aircraft is being ferried. Once the flight has been completed.  Maintenance Control must be notified if any flight limit or restriction exceedances are experienced en route.  System Control will ensure that the Comments section of both the ferry flight plan and the release contain the words “Ferry Flight” and the statement. and will be carried aboard the aircraft for the duration of the ferry flight. “It has been determined that this aircraft can safely be flown.”  Before operating an approved ferry flight.  The flight crew should be aware that the Ferry Flight Permit may authorize them to fly the aircraft in a configuration that is unfamiliar. file an appropriate flight plan for every ferry flight. if necessary. describing the condition or defect factually. The configuration may also be prohibited in the AOM. caution. Procedures for Conducting Ferry Flights  All ferry flights will be operated in accordance with Compass Airlines ferry flight procedures. Dispatch will issue a flight number. using caution to avoid exaggerative or light-hearted remarks that may be misunderstood. They should also realize that.COMPASS AIRLINES GOS Mod 21 – Flight Crew Qualifications V8 necessary. the flight crew will thoroughly review any engine indicating and crew alerting system (EICAS) or other warning. Off. limitations may be waived for the purposes of the ferry flight.  The PIC will ensure that the Out.

28 of 33 . or MEL. All other personnel are prohibited from resetting or cycling circuit breakers. Resetting  Resetting in flight: o CBs should not be reset in flight unless directed to by explicit written procedures in the QRC. it means that the manufacturer and the Company consider that an operation under the revised limitations is acceptable for the flight being undertaken. a logbook entry is required. Instead. in the judgment of the PIC. or unless. AOM. o If cycled. in that order of precedence. in that order of precedence. o Tripped CBs may only be reset by Maintenance personnel or flight crew (meaning pilots.  Cycling on the ground: o On the ground. AOM. a CB may only be cycled by flight crew or Maintenance personnel to reset a system or to eliminate an erroneous indication (spurious digital signals) in accordance with written procedures in the QRC.  Resetting on the ground: o A CB tripped on the ground by an unknown cause may be reset on the ground only after Maintenance has determined the cause of the trip and has determined that the CB may be safely reset. a logbook entry is required. not flight attendants) in accordance with written Company procedures. Resetting and Cycling Electrical Circuit Breakers This section explains the procedures for resetting and cycling electrical circuit breakers (CBs). o If reset. 8. or MEL. it is necessary for the safe completion of the flight. QRH. AOM.COMPASS AIRLINES  GOS Mod 21 – Flight Crew Qualifications V8 This does not mean that the limitations or standard configurations are irrelevant for day-to-day operations. Cycling  Cycling in flight: o No cycling should be done unless directed by explicit written procedures in the QRC. QRH. or MEL. QRH. o A tripped CB associated with a fuel system or fuel quantity-indicating system circuit may not be reset until Maintenance first identifies the source of the electrical fault and makes the appropriate corrective actions. o A logbook entry is required. in that order of precedence.

or if the spurious fault indication is not covered in a QRH. the flight crew will return to the gate and make the appropriate logbook entry.COMPASS AIRLINES GOS Mod 21 – Flight Crew Qualifications V8 o Cycling on the ground requires the flight crew to be in direct contact with Maintenance Control.  If cycling the CB does not clear the indication. o Upon arrival. If Maintenance indicates that a mechanical discrepancy exists. or MEL procedure. Securing and Tagging Opened Circuit Breakers  If the MEL/CDL manual specifies that a circuit breaker is to be opened. Upon completion of corrective action. and the aircraft will be taken out of service until Maintenance personnel determine and correct the cause of the CB tripping. a logbook entry is required. a flight crewmember will make the appropriate entry in the logbook and return to the gate. If the reset is successful.  On the ground: o If a CB trips on the ground. o If cycled. follow the appropriate QRH Ground Reset procedure if requested to do so by Maintenance. and/or tagged. a write-up will be placed in the aircraft logbook. Procedures for Cycling Circuit Breakers  If the flight crew receives what appears to be a spurious fault indication. Maintenance personnel will make the appropriate logbook entry.  Conditions after reset. Procedures for Handling Tripped Circuit Breakers  In flight: o Any time the flight crew resets a CB. they will contact Maintenance Control. Maintenance personnel will make the appropriate logbook entry.  Configuration at CB reset. the aircraft will be taken out of service until Maintenance personnel determine and correct the cause of the CB tripping. Maintenance personnel or flight crew (as authorized by an M/FC procedure) will utilize the following procedures: 29 of 33 . Maintenance personnel will correct the fault and document the corrective action. AOM. a logbook entry is required detailing:  Configuration when the CB trip occurred. and write up the reset in the logbook. Upon completion of corrective action. coordinate with Maintenance on an appropriate sign-off to close the write up. secured.

” as an alternate procedure. Compass has specified and stocked aboard each of its aircraft a supply of locking collars that have a tag attached to them. for any reason. it is not necessary to note the DMI Number or the MEL Sequence Number on this placard. Maintenance or the flight crew—as authorized by an (M/FC) procedure—will tag the circuit breaker using a “DMI Inoperative Placard. A standard circuit breaker’s locking collar is similar.COMPASS AIRLINES GOS Mod 21 – Flight Crew Qualifications V8 o Circuit breakers that are to remain open will be secured in the open position by placing a locking collar over the circuit breaker. the Compass-specified locking collar is not available. but without the tag:  If the MEL/CDL manual specifies that the circuit breaker is to be “tagged.  If a standard locking collar is utilized and the MEL/CDL manual specifies that the circuit breaker is to be “tagged.” This placard will be installed directly over the collared circuit breaker. The collar and tag look like this: o If. a standard circuit breaker locking collar may be used.” the tag attached to the Compass-specified collar satisfies this requirement. 30 of 33 . Note: If this alternate tagging procedure is used.

Tire Wear Limitations Maintenance will periodically inspect the aircraft’s tires for wear. Notify Maintenance Control if you notice any of the following conditions. which is: o More than 1. Note: Continuous operation of a tire at a pressure that is less than the correct pressure can cause this wear. fuel.  Scores across the tread in a radial direction. which call for wheel replacement. 31 of 33 . or where the cords of the casing are visible. The wheel must be replaced if this scoring includes tread chunking or gives an under-cut of a tread rib.  There is wear to the bottom of a tread groove.37 in.05 in of a tread rib. The Aircraft Maintenance Manual (AMM) presents specific procedures for inspecting and replacing nose wheel and main wheel tires.  Unusual wear on the shoulders of the tire.  A cut that goes through to the plies of the casing. o Damage that is more than the depth of the tread. long or 0.  A cut with a depth of 50 percent or more of the depth of the tread. or o More than 50 percent of the width of a tread rib.  An open joint in the tread that is more than 0. or o To a depth which is more than the tread depth.  Bulges in the tread or sidewall.  Cracks in a sidewall that go on to the tread.04 in. or grease. Both wheels must be replaced when one of the tires in a pair is deflated.12 in. oil.  The fabric shows on the tread.  Chevron cutting that can cause: o Damage to an area that is more than the track of the tread on the ground.  There is a flat spot that is below the depth of a tread groove.  Cracks in a tread groove where you can see the cords.  There are flat spots that can cause wheel shimmy or other wheel balance problems. or that causes an undercut of an adjacent tread rib. This manual also contains drawings of different tire conditions to make them easier to identify.  A piece of broken tread (tread chunking) that can cause damage: 2 o Of more than 0.COMPASS AIRLINES GOS Mod 21 – Flight Crew Qualifications V8 9. long. Nose Wheel Tires Nose wheels must be replaced if one or more of the following conditions are found on a tire:  The tire is deflated.  Signs of contamination from materials such as hydraulic fluid. deep.

 Explain how to secure and tag circuit breakers. The wheel assemblies on the nose landing gear must be replaced and the tires must be scrapped.  Describe preflight actions regarding deferred maintenance items.  Identify the resources that provide guidance to the flight crew in dealing with inoperable equipment.  Explain how to properly fill out a flight log sheet.  List pilot responsibilities regarding maintenance acceptance flights.  Describe the procedures associated with resetting and cycling circuit breakers. Main Wheel Tires The procedures for inspecting and replacing main wheel tires are the same as those for nose wheel tires.  Describe the purpose and procedures associated with the Minimum Equipment List (MEL). o The bead rubber to become brittle and show too much bluing.  Identify tire wear conditions that warrant replacement.  Identify boarding status codes and procedures when mechanical delays occur.  Explain the policies and procedures associated with aborted takeoffs.COMPASS AIRLINES  GOS Mod 21 – Flight Crew Qualifications V8 Landing operation occurred at a landing speed more than the tire maximumspeed limit.  Explain crew procedures if equipment fails after departing the blocks.  Describe maintenance acceptance flight procedures. 32 of 33 .  List the crew responsibilities involved in filling out the Aircraft Maintenance Logbook.  Describe the procedures associated with maintenance ferry flights and their limitations.  List the MEL categories. Summary Now that you have completed this course.  Identify required preflight actions regarding the Aircraft Maintenance Logbook. you should be able to:  Recognize the provisions and procedures associated with mechanical interruptions of flight. with the exception of the following additional procedure: The main wheels must be replaced if the inspection shows:  Signs of heat damage that caused: o The bead rubber to blister.  State the crew duties involved in a mechanical irregularity. o Signs of melted rubber in the area of the bead. 10.

Close the PDF document to return to the LMS. On the LMS screen. 2. 4. Finally. Read the directions for the exam and click the Close button. click the Launch Exam button beside the Launch Course button. 3. If you have completed all of the sections in this course. 33 of 33 . you must pass the online exam with a score of 80 percent or greater. answer all questions in the exam to receive your score. 1. follow the directions below to take the exam.COMPASS AIRLINES GOS Mod 21 – Flight Crew Qualifications V8 To get credit for this course.