Gas/Mole Test Review

1. _________

As the temperature of a gas increases at constant pressure, the volume of the gas
A. decreases
B. increases
C. remains the same
2. _________

Which diagram best represents a gas in a closed container?





3. _________

The table below shows data for the temperature, pressure, and volume of four gas samples.

Which two gas samples have the same total number of molecules?
A. A and B
B. A and C
C. B and C
D. B and D

400. _________ The temperature of 100 milliliters of a gas at 200. 100. ml C.K. Flask A contains helium gas. temperature.4. 7.0 ml B. The new volume of the gas will be A. Flask B contains a vacuum. 300ml C. B. 200. A sample of hydrogen gas is sealed in container Z. ml 6. Containers X and Z both contain the same number of gas molecules. D. _________ The diagram shows two flasks connected by a stop cock. Container X contains fewer gas molecules than container Z. 100ml B. 400ml . Which statement is true? A. 50. Container X contains more gas molecules than container Z. C. What final volume will the gas occupy after the stopcock is open? A. pressure remaining constant. C.K is increased to 400. Containers X and Z both contain the same mass of gas. 5. Both samples have the same volume. D. B. ml D. and pressure. _________ A sample of oxygen gas is sealed in container X. _________ Which graph shows the pressure-temperature relationship expected for an ideal gas? A.

the nitrogen gas is at a pressure of 1. Base your answer to this question on the information below. The pressure of the sample is 0. masses B.0 milliliters in a cylinder with a movable piston. 500ml 8. as well as Na(s). and has a volume of 40.00 liters. Calculate the volume of the nitrogen gas at STP.00 liters at 293 K and constant pressure. 49 mL C. numbers of molecules 9. . 41 mL B. average kinetic energies D. _________ A sample of gas occupies a volume of 50. the Kelvin temperature must be equal to A. Air bags are an important safety feature in modern automobiles.30 atmospheres. The two gases must have equal A. What is the volume of the sample at STP? A. according to the unbalanced equation below.0 mole of H2(g) and a sealed flask containing 2. 55 mL 12.90 atmosphere and the temperature is 298 K. B. The decomposition reaction produces N2(g). For the volume of the gas to become 3. a temperature of 301 K. volumes C. Base your answer to the question on the information below.D. 10.0 liters. D. Answer: L 11. _________ The volume of a gas is 4. An air bag is inflated in milliseconds by the explosive decomposition of NaN3(s). C. _________ A sealed flask containing 1. 51 mL D. NaN3(s) → Na(s) + N2(g) When the air bag inflates.0 moles of He(g) are at the same temperature.

6 milliliters. 135 g/mol B. molecules C. _________ Which element is a solid at STP? A. from 400 K to 200 K 14. H2 B. from 200°C to 400°C B. 310. from 200 K to 400 K D. from 400°C to 200°C C.0 17. g/mol 16. 2.0 moles of nitrogen atoms? A. The volume of the dry hydrogen gas produced is 45. 4. _________ Which temperature change would cause the volume of a sample of an ideal gas to double when the pressure of the sample remains the same? A. _________ What is the gram formula mass of Ca3(PO4)2? A. 3. _________ Equal volumes of SO2(g) and O2(g) at STP contain the same number of A.0 C. The temperature of the gas is 293 K. 278 g/mol D.5 kilopascals. Calculate the volume this dry hydrogen gas would occupy at STP. atoms B.0 B. I2 C.0 D. Answer: mL 13. and the pressure is 99. 1. _________ How many moles of N2(g) would contain exactly 4.A piece of magnesium ribbon is reacted with excess hydrochloric acid to produce aqueous magnesium chloride and hydrogen gas. 215 g/mol C. N2 D. O2 15. electrons .

D. H2O(l) D. Rubbing alcohol is used as an antiseptic. why some gases are monatomic D. 300K D. remains the same 21. the volume of the gas A. decreases B. protons 18. H2O(g) 19.76 moles of Na3PO4 (gram-formula mass = 164 grams/mole)? Answer: g 23. Hg(l) C. Ag(s) B. _________ The concept of an ideal gas is used to explain A. What is the mass of 4. _________ As the temperature of a given sample of a gas decreases at constant pressure. the behavior of a gas sample C. What is the gram-formula mass of ethylene glycol. why some gases are diatomic 22. Two alcohols that are used in our everyday lives are rubbing alcohol and ethylene glycol. the mass of a gas sample B. _________ A 1-gram sample of which substance in a sealed 1-liter container will occupy the container completely and uniformly? A. increases C. what temperature must be reached to increase a 100-milliliter sample of a gas initially at 300K to a volume of 200 milliliters? A. C2H4(OH)2? g/mol 20. which is used in automobile cooling systems. 600K . 200K C. 150K B. _________ At constant pressure. Ethylene glycol is the main ingredient in antifreeze.

They are heterogeneous. large differences between their freezing points D. 25. D. very small differences between their freezing points 26. Their composition is a definite ratio. filtration C. _________ If the components of a liquid hydrocarbon are to be separated by fractional distillation. _________ Recovering the salt from a mixture of salt and water could best be accomplished by A. Their composition can be varied. density determination 27. low pressure and low temperature 29. low pressure and high temperature D. C. have combined chemically and have the same boiling point C. high pressure and low temperature C. high pressure and high temperature B. high temperature and low pressure B. have combined chemically and retain their different boiling points B. high temperature and high pressure . _________ Under which conditions are gases most soluble in water? A. the components should have A. B.24. _________ The behavior of real gases most closely resembles that of ideal gases under conditions of A. They are homogeneous. _________ Which is a characteristic of all mixtures? A. very small differences between their boiling points C. evaporation B. have combined physically and have the same boiling point 28. _________ A bottle of rubbing alcohol contains both 2-propanol and water. large differences between their boiling points B. paper chromatography D. have combined physically and retain their different boiling points D. These liquids can be separated by the process of distillation because the 2-propanol and water A.

forces of attraction for each other 31. attract each other D.8 L 33.2 L C.0 g 34. can be liquified C. 5. are in random motion 32. 55g C. 44.00 moles of an ideal gas at STP are doubled. 206g 35. the resulting volume will be A. 11. low temperature and high pressure 30. _________ An ideal gas is made up of gas particles that A. _________ If the pressure and Kelvin temperature of 2.4 L D.0 g D. a straight line motion B. _________ What is the gram formula mass of (NH4)2SO4? . 112 g C. a negligible volume D.60 L B. 22.00 mole of Al2(CrO4)3? A. have volume B. 64. 54g B. 192 g B.C. 110g D. _________ What is the gram formula mass of Li2SO4? A. no net loss of energy on collision C. _________ What is the total mass of oxygen in 1. _________ One reason that a real gas deviates from an ideal gas is that molecules of the real gas have A. low temperature and low pressure D. 48.

_________ Which 5. 404 g 39. 16 g B. 32 g D. a definite shape and a definite volume B. O2 D. 66. 113 g B. 121 g C.02 × 1023 atoms? Li A. _________ What is the gram formula mass of (NH4)3PO4? A. _________ What is the total mass in grams of 0. NH3(g) D. a definite shape but no definite volume C.0-milliliter container? A. _________ One mole of which substance contains a total of 6. 149 g D.75 mole of SO2? A. 48 g 37.0 g C. NH3(aq) 40. C. 24 g C. 114 g D.0 g B. NH3(l) C. CO2 38. _________ Two basic properties of the gas phase are A.A. no definite shape but a definite volume D. 132 g 36. NH3(s) B. NH3 B. no definite shape and no definite volume . 94.0-milliliter sample of NH3 will take the shape of and completely fill a closed 100.

the Kelvin temperature of the sample will be A. 600 mL 43. 30°C B. 576 K 42. 55°C C. 120°C 44. 400 mL D.41. _________ Base your answer to question on the graph below.00-liter sample of gas is at 288 K and 1. 432 K D. If the pressure of the gas is increased to 2.50 liters. What is the new volume of the gas? A.200 kilopascal. 288 K C. What is the melting point of this substance? A. _________ The pressure on a 200-milliliter sample of CO2(g) at constant temperature is increased from 600 kilopascal to 1. _________ A 3.00 atm. which represents the cooling of a substance starting at a temperature above its boiling point. 90°C D.00 atm and its volume is decreased to 1. . _________ The graph represents the heating curve of a substance that starts as a solid below its freezing point. 100 mL B. 300 mL C. 144 K B.

C. D. B.Which segment of the graph represents the gas phase. only? A. .

2 11. 27. D 8. 32. C 6. 41. D 16. 36. 38. 31. B 2. B 4. 47. D D A A C B A D D D A C D D A C C D B A B A . 40. 42. 25. 24. 30. 33. C 5. 37. B 18.7 13. D 19. B 17. 41. 26. 34. A 21. 781 23. C 9. 29. 44. A 7. A 10.Answer Key for: Gas/Mole Test Review Print Close 1. 28. 62 20. 43. A 12. 35. C 14. B 22. A 3. B 15. 39.