School of Politics and International Relations

Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad
Course Title: Comparative Politics

Course Code: Pol-302

Course Instructor: Dr Muhammad Nadeem Mirza

Semester: Spring 2014

This course deals with the principles, theories and the practice of Comparative Politics. Its
focus will remain on two questions: what to compare and how to compare. It deals with the
following main themes: theories of comparative politics, analytical and methodological
approaches, political construct of states and nation states, political regimes, and political
economy. Within these broad themes the debates – such as scienticity of social science,
causes of development and underdevelopment, nations and nationalism, causes of social
unrest and ethno-national movements, political institutions and regimes, political culture
and behaviour, democratisation and authoritarianism – will be dealt.
Teaching Duration: February 3, 2014 to May 23, 2014
Attendance: Class attendance is a MUST. According to the university policy, any student
having less than 80% attendance will not be allowed to appear in the terminal examination.
Besides class attendance has fix marks.
Faux Attendance: Class attendance will be randomly checked and any student having faux
attendance will be penalised with three positive attendance and 10 marks.
Make-up exams: Any student missing or failing any sessional exam or presentation or
submission of the article review will be allowed to appear for the make-up exam, in which
case they will lose 25% of the original marks dedicated for the said exams.
Class Presentation: All the students will be required to choose one article from the reading
list and it will be mandatory to present the article review in the form of presentation. Before
the start of the class, ten minutes will be reserved for the student’s presentation. Students
have the liberty to choose the article by themselves; otherwise they will be allotted the
articles for review by the class instructor.
Article Review
Students are required to choose three articles (besides one article for presentation) for
article review. Article reviews will be of about two to three pages, mentioning the main
idea, theory being used, methodology being adopted, and whether the author has been
successful in defending the hypothesis developed in the study or otherwise. A critical
analysis of the authors’ point of view will earn you extra marks.

2010. edited by Hans Keman. van Deth.Contact Information For any query or discussion about the study related problems. Hans. “What Is Comparative Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2005. New York: W. Additional Readings . Patrick H. and Mark Irving Lichbach. 2014: Submission of first Article Review April 2. mnadeemmirza@yahoo. and Jan W. “The Development of the Study of Comparative Politics. class instructor will be available in the office for 15 minutes after the end of the class. “What Is Comparative Politics?” In Essentials of Comparative Politics. Daalder. Kenneth. and Institutions in a Changing Global Order. 2002. Jeffrey.W. Norton & Co. Newton. London: Dates of Submission of Article Reviews March 5. 2010. 2014: Submission of Third Article Review Marks Division: Two Sessional exams: 15 Marks each Three Article Reviews: 10 marks each Presentation: 10 Class attendance and Discussion: 5 Final Exams: 75 Course Structure Week 1-2 Introduction What is Comparative Politics? Why Study Comparative Politics? Evolution of Comparative Politics as a field of Study Suggested Readings Kopstein..” In Comparative Democratic Politics: a Guide to Contemporary Theory and Research. 1-3 and 8-13 O’Neil. New York: Cambridge University Press. 2014: Submission of Second Article Review May 14.. Identities. For exceptional discussion about the study.” In Comparative Politics: Interests. students can take appointment through the following email. “Why Comparative Politics?” In Foundations of Comparative Politics. edited by Jeffrey Kopstein and Mark Irving Lichbach.

and G. Mark. and Processes of Comparative Politics Concept of paradigm and paradigmatic shift Scienticity of Social Sciences Approaches to Comparative Politics: Institutional. Princeton. Gerardo L. Gary. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Identities. Bingham. and Institutions. 2012. Week 3-4 Theories. New York: Longman.: Princeton University Press. Rational choice and Political culture approaches Methods: Which is preferable: Quantitative or Qualitative Research techniques. and J Kleinnijenhuis. Calif. 2003. “ eds. London. London: Routledge.” In Designing Social Inquiry: Scientific Inference in Qualitative Research. 4-8 Pennings. How.J. Working paper. 1-9 Kopstein. Ronald H. 6-8 . “Tools of Analysis: Interests. Andrew F. The Past and Present of Comparative Politics.” In Doing Research in Political Science: An Introduction to Comparative Methods and Statistics. Identities. New York: Cambridge University Press. Mass. Joel Krieger. Paul. 1994. Kaare Powell.getcited.Munck. “The Science in Social Science. March. Robert O Keohane. 1994. 2006. van Deth. and William A. Thousand Oaks. “Introducing Comparative Politics. 2005. Russell J. “Why Comparative Politics?” In Foundations of Comparative Politics. Strøm. 04 (2009): 531–565. “The Comparative Approach: Theory and Method. Newton. and Sidney Verba.: Houghton Mifflin. Landman.” In Issues and Methods in Comparative Politics: An Introduction. Boston. http://www. and Institutions in a Changing Global Order. 2006. Westview Press Boulder. and Jan W.” In Introduction to Comparative Politics: Brief Edition. Comparative Politics Today: A World View. and Problems of Comparison. 2008. Cross national or case-study models? Approaches to International Relations Suggested Readings Thomas Kuhn’s concept of “Paradigm” King. and Mark Irving Lichbach. Kenneth. Helen Kellogg Institute for International Studies. van Deth. Hans Keman.nd. Jeffrey. Dalton. “How and What to Compare?” In Foundations of Comparative Politics.: Sage.pdf. Kesselman. Methods. Articles. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. “Approaches to Comparative Politics” Newton. 2010. “What Is Comparative Political Theory?” The Review of Politics 71.” In Comparative Politics: Interests. Joseph. Kenneth. Todd. no. and Jan W. Theories of Comparative Politics: The Search for a Paradigm Reconsidered. 2010. N. Colorado. Chilcote.

“Introduction: Toward a Comparative Political Theory. “School of Methods: The Qualitative and Quantitative Approach. Calif. Tampa. Anol. and J Kleinnijenhuis. 04 (2009): 567–582.1057/palgrave. FL: Open Access Textbooks.” In Rethinking Social Inquiry Diverse Tools.: Sage. “Second Thoughts on Paradigms. no. 2012. no. “The Role of Theory and Anomaly in Social-Scientific homas+Kuhn+concept+of+paradigm&ots=xT4Lz8jQqL&sig=oYfDzgqQwsasDwRI0sb8891 cpZY. Ronald.Additional Readings Kuhn.” The Review of Politics 59. 2010. “Research Traditions and Theory in Comparative Politics: An Introduction. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. and Practices. http://books. Kaufmann.” In Rethinking Social Inquiry Diverse Tools. Thomas S. Peter A. 03 (1997): 421–428. Tampa. “Political Science and the Three New Institutionalisms. edited by Henry E Brady and David Collier. Thousand Oaks. “Research Design and Accumulation of Knowledge. Fred. Godrej.2210123. Geddes. Hans Keman. 5-13. Berlin: Free University. 2010.eps. 2009. no. Dallmayr. Euben.” In Doing Research in Political Science: An Introduction to Comparative Methods and Statistics. Brady. and Practices. Md. Hall. Barbara. ———.2307/2082443. Shared Standards. Press. “Science and Scientific Research. and Alan S Zuckerman. University of Chicago press. eds. ———. Shared Standards. Social Science Research: Principles. Md. 2 (June 1995): 467.” The Journal of Politics 59. Götz. Henry E. “Response to ‘What Is Comparative Political Theory?’” The Review of Politics 71. Grofman. J.” The Structure of Scientific Theories 2 (1974): 459– 482.” In Social Science Research: Principles. “Toward a Science of Politics?” European Political Science 6. 5 (1996): 936–957. 2006. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ.” Political Studies 44. Bhattacherjee. Lichbach. 2003. . “The Logic of Political Inquiry: A Synthesis of Opposed Perspectives” Addison-Wesley. Mark Irving. Moon. and David Collier. London.. 2012. 01 (1997): 28–55. doi:10. Lanham. ———. Pennings.” In Series of Papers: Methods of Field Res. Methods.” In Comparative Politics: Rationality. Roxanne L.: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. no. 1975. and Rosemary CR Taylor. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. 2012. no. “Comparative Political Theory: An Islamic Fundamentalist Critique of Rationalism. Farah. FL: Open Access Textbooks. and Structure.: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.” The American Political Science Review 89. 2 (June 2007): 143–155.” In Paradigms and Sand Castles: Theory Building and Research Design in Comparative Politics. Lanham. no. “How Inference in the Social (But Not the Physical) Sciences Neglects Theoretical Anomaly. Rogowski. “Some Unfulfilled Promises of Quantitative Imperialism. Bernard. Culture. Paul. 2012. “Doing Research in Political Science. Methods.

“Who Are the Better Managers -. 1946.” Journal of Interdisciplinary History 31.” In From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology. 29-31 Krasner.” In Fixing Failed States.” In Foundations of Comparative Politics. 122 (January 2001): 20. Young C. van Deth. “Kinds of Government. van Deth. Belmont.(separation of power)” In Foundations of Comparative “The Framework: Ten Functions of the States. doi:10. no. 02 (1964): 313–336.” Foreign Policy no.usyd. New York. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.” Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy. November 24. “Comparative Methodology and Statistics in Political Science”.: Sage. 2010. Marcus E. 2010. “Sovereignty.washingtonpost. “The Concept of Political Culture in Comparative Politics. . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. and Clare Lockhart. Thousand Oaks. Ronald P.” In Foundations of Comparative Politics. 2010. and Jan W. London.” In Politics in a Changing World: A Comparative Introduction to Political Science. Wil.html?sub=AR. sec. Additional Readings Formisano. Oxford University Press.2307/3183223. and Why We Have Them. 11-14 Newton. 2009. Max. “What a Constitution Is. Kim. Kenneth. Ghani. Kenneth. 11-28 ———. CA: Wadsworth. 3 (2001): 393–426. Ethridge. “The Concept of Political Culture. Oxford: Oxford University Press. In Doing Research in Political Science: An Introduction to Comparative Methods and Statistics. “Methods of Social Science. 2006.Political Appointees or Career Bureaucrats?” The Washington Post.library. Week 5-6 What we compare? What is State-nation and Nation-state? What is Political Culture? What is Constitution? Political Institutions Decision making First Sessional (on the last day of week) Suggested Readings Newton. http://www.———. Ashraf. and Jan W. Vedantam. no. “Constitutionalism. and Howard Handelman. 2012. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2010. Calif. Stephen D. “What is state and emergence of modern “State Theories. Shankar. 2008. http://stanford. 71-88 Waluchow.” The Journal of Politics 26. Weber.

Justice B.” In From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology. Rotberg. Alexander. Ethridge. 2 (April and Yuval Feinstein. “The New Nature of Nation-State Failure.” Soroti. Unknown.” Journal of Public Affairs 7. Oxford University Press. Authoritarian Regimes: Stability. no. “Characteristics of Bureaucracy and The Power Position of Bureaucracy. 5 (2010): 764–790.pdf. Max.nd. Weber. 1816 to 2001. Harry C. “The Nature and Purpose of National Constitution.” Publius: The Journal of Federalism 35. Oxford University Press. Max. Krasner. and Tulia G.” Policy Review no. 29.J. Andreas. Cameron. no. and Jan Teorell. Rotberg. “Anarchy Is What States Make of It: The Social Construction of Power Politics. 1992): 391–425.undp.htm. “The Necessity of Politics.Fukuyama. Brookings Institution Press. Wimmer. Francis. USA: Helen Kellogg Institute for International Studies.: World Peace Foundation . Unknown. 2010. 2 (2005): 245–271.” In Politics in a Changing World: A Comparative Introduction to Political Science. Wendt.d. Oxford University Press.” in Annual Additions. https://www. Cambridge. no. .” In State Failure and State Weakness in a Time of Terror. Comparative Politics. 2003.adelaide. “Political Institutions. http://mirror. 1946. 1 (2004): 75–85. and Pathways to Democracy. “Failed States. Comparative ———. 163 (2010): 3–12. Sovereignty. Axel. Mass. “An Orienting Principle for Foreign Policy. Robert I. 1991. 2011. Maxwell A. “Legislative Chambers: Unicameral or Bicameral?” United Nations Development Brooks.” In Australasian Political Studies Association Conference. 2004. Adelaide. “Failed States. “The Rise of the Nation-State across the World. State Failure and State Weakness in a Time of Terror. “State Responsibility. “Federalism and the Subnational Separation of Powers. “The Necessity of Mass. “Bureaucracy. CA: Wadsworth. Stephen D.pdf. Potter. Weak States: Causes and Indicators.” Washington Quarterly 25. Belmont. ———. Falleti. Unknown. no. Hadenius.. Change. Collapsed States. http://kellogg.” International Organization 46. no. and Failed States. Donald W. Vol. 1946.” In From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology. Rosa Ehrenreich. and Howard Handelman. Weber. Robert I.: World Peace Foundation . or the State as Failure?” The University of Chicago Law Review (2005): 1159–1196. London: Profile Books.” In From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology. “Judicial Review: The Gavel and the Robe. Notre Dame. Brookings Institution Press. Boyte. “Modern State. 2006. Marcus E. Odoki. 3 (2002): 83–96. 1946. 2003. “What Political Institutions Does Large-Scale Democracy Require?” in Annual Additions.” In The Origins of Political Order: From Prehuman Times to the French Revolution. Cambridge.” American Sociological Review 75. 1972-2003. n.

Montalvo. Week 8 . Robert B. 3 (2003): 529–546. and Civil War Revisited. New York: Cambridge University Press. “A Historical Approach to the State and Global Order. Ethnic Salience. “Introduction. Comparative Politics. 2 (1991): 193–209. Kevin.” Annual Review of Sociology 19 (1993): 211–239. Myth. “What Is a Nation?” Nation and Narration 11 (1996). and Civil War.. Walby.cs.tuberlin. and Dan Miodownik. no. Elisabeth Jean. “Ethnicity. Huber.” In The Nation-State and Global Order: A Historical Introduction to Contemporary 9 (2003): 247–260. Kate. 1992. Newton. “Ethnic Diversity and Economic Development. “Decision Making. Rosow.” Journal of Development Economics 76. Interest Groups: Ex Uno. Calhoun. Kenneth.. Ravi.” PS: Political Science & Politics 30. Opello. no. https://www. no. Week 7 Nationalism and ethno-nationalism Guest Lecture by Dr Muhammad Umer Hayat on ethnicity Suggested Readings Reich. Bhavnani. J. James D. 4 (2010): 644–662.” Nations and Nationalism since 1780: Programme. Haas. Wood. Michael Hechter. “What Is a Nation?” Political Science Quarterly 106. van Deth. “Ethnicity. Quinn.” Global Governance no.pdf. Cambridge [England]. no. 1 (2003): 75–90. 03 (1986): 707– Insurgency. Baldwin.” American Political Science Review 104. Ernest. 1999. “Review Essay: Civil Wars: What We Don’t Know. no. and Jan W. “What Is Nationalism and Why Should We Study It?” International Organization 40. “Nationalism and Ethnicity. no. Renan. Insurgency. Craig. and John D.” Sociology 37. and David D.” American Political Science Review 97. Lowell W. Ernst B. http://ig.” In Foundations of Comparative Politics. 2 (2005): 293–323. “The Myth of the Nation-State: Theorizing Society and Polities in a Global Era. Additional Readings Barrington. Reality. no. no.” Unpublished Paper (May 6 Version) (2003).pdf. Sylvia. and Civil Walter C. “Ethnic Polarization. Jose G. Fearon. http://www.pdf. E. 1 (2009): 30–49.Unknow. and Stephen J. Hobsbawm. Lynne Rienner. “Public Opinion. 04 (1997): 712–716. and Erik Wibbels. Plures. Political Parties. and Marta Reynal-Querol. 2010. Laitin.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 53. “Economic versus Cultural Differences: Forms of Ethnic Diversity and Public Goods Provision. “‘Nation’ and ‘nationalism’: The Misuse of Key Concepts in Political Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.yale.” in Annual Additions.

Hanna Diskin.. no. . Institutions. Lyer. 2010.W. “Institutions. 2010. Business / Economy. A. Diskin. no.nytimes.” The American Economic Review 95 (2005): 4. Norton & Co. no. “What Does Democracy Look Like?” The Nation. O’Neil. and Is Not. An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. http://www. Daron. Fareed. “The Trilemma of International Finance.” Finance & Development 40. 1863. N. Additional Readings Smith. and Reuven Y. “Political-Economic Systems” In Essentials of Comparative Politics. and Terry Lynn Karl.html. 1 (Winter 1991): 97– 112. “Causes of Democratic Downslide. and L. New York: W. July 10.” Journal of Democracy 2. sec. “Why Democracies Collapse: The Reasons for Democratic Failure and Success. http://www.” International Political Science Review 26. no. Week 9-10 Democratisation and Democratic regimes Second Sessional (last class) Suggested Readings Abhijit. “Root Causes: A historical view of the role of the institutions in economic development. Gregory. Acemoglu. March 14. 3 (2005): 291–309.. North.” The New York Times. “The Rise of Illiberal Democracy. 44 (2002): 4532–4538. Michael. Mohammad. Philippe C. Douglas C. Marina. “History.. Additional Readings Waseem. no. and C. 2012. and Economic Performance: The Legacy of Colonial Land Tenure Systems in India. 2 (2003): 27–43. Banerjee.Political Economy Suggested Readings Mankiw. Patrick H.” Economic and Political Weekly 37. Mann. Abraham. Sitrin.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 5. no. Adam.thenation. “Has Globalization Ended the Rise and Rise of the Nation-State?” Review of International Political Economy 4. 3 (1997): 472–496.” Foreign Affairs 76 (1997): Hazan. “What Democracy Is.. Black. 3 (1991): 75–88. Zakaria.

” In Defeating Authoritarian Leaders in Postcommunist Countries. Fabrice. “The End of the Transition Paradigm. 1 (2002): 5–21. Norton & Co. Tuning out: The Strange Disappearance of Social Capital in America. 2003. Mark. Robert H. New York: Harper Perennial Modern Classics. P Mayer and George Lawrence. no.” PS-WASHINGTON. Democracy Assistance. Belmont. 1997. 2 (1998): 91–107. “Author’s Introduction. Daron Acemoglu. “Democracy with Adjectives. Guadalajara. Carothers. Wolchik. Zakaria. no. “Democracy. Cambridge University Press. ———. Marcus E. Valerie J. Advanced Democracies US. Arend.” In Latin American Studies Association.. 2 (1969): 140–158. Fareed. Alexis de. Additional Readings Robinson. “Why Revolutions Succeed & Fail. Guadalajara.” World Politics 49. “Toward Consolidated Democracies. and Steven Levitsky. 2010.. Suggested Readings Tocqueville. . no. 2011. “Income and Democracy. no. “Politics in Selected Nations. “Tuning In. no. no. Political Power. “Nation-States and State-Nations. 3 (1997): 430–451. France. 2006. Schmitter.” In Democracy in America. “Breakthrough Elections: Mixed Regimes.” International Studies Quarterly 13. 1 (2008): 245–254. 1 (1991): 72–84.” American Economic Review 98. New York: W. and Authority. James A. Ethridge.” Journal of Democracy 13.” In Politics in a Changing World: A Comparative Introduction to Political Science. 1 (1998): 69–92.” Social Research: An International Quarterly 77. Lehoucq. 3 (1969).. Stepan.” Journal of Democracy 7. Simon Johnson.28 (1995): 664–664. Dix. and International Diffusion AND Electoral Stability and Change in Mixed Regimes.” In The Future of Freedom: Illiberal Democracy at Home and Abroad. Alfred C. “The Third Wave of Democracy: Findings and Implications. and Howard Handelman. Bunce.” Latin American Research Review 43. translated by J. 4 (2010): 1049–1074. “Three Temporal Dimensions to the Consolidation of Democracy. “What Is Democratic Consolidation?” Journal of Democracy 9. Robert D.” Journal of Democracy 2. Mostafa. Thomas. and Sharon L. and Cynthia H. “Constitutional Choices for New Democracies. 2 (1996): 14–33. Enloe. no. no..” International Political Science Review 19. Putnam. Schedler. Philippe C.. no. Collier.W. and Javier Santiso.” Polity (1984): 423–446. “Concepts of Democratic Consolidation. Rejai. and Pierre Yared. Andreas.Haugaard. Lijphart. “A Brief History of Human Liberty. David. Mexico. and Juan José Linz. no. CA: Wadsworth.

edu/gsas/dept/politics/seminars/suffrage_ext. “Granted or Conquered: A History of Franchise Extensions. no. Decline. no. 02 (2006): 165–181. Adam. 1959. Week 11 Political Violence Suggested Readings Skocpol. Duverger. “Conquered or Granted? A History of Suffrage Extensions. no. Torben. “The Causes of Terrorism. China: A Structural Analysis of Social Revolutions.” Comparative Studies in Society and History 18. 145–83. Jack A. and T. Iversen. M. Crenshaw.. Theda. “Social Protection and the Formation of Skills: A Reinterpretation of the Welfare State. 2001. 4 (2008): 78–105.” In Varieties of Capitalism: The Institutional Foundation of Comparative Advantage. “Now out of Never: The Element of Surprise in the East European Revolution of 1989. Additional Readings Kuran.Przeworski. Martha. no. no. Maurice. ———.” Journal of Organisational Transformation & Social Change 6. 06–C (2009): 11. and David Soskice.” American Political Science Review 100. http://www. 2 (2009): 291–321.” Foreign Affairs 90 (2011): 8. Darcy ME. Reality and Ways Forward.” British Journal of Political Science 39. Trends and Risk. COT Institute for Safety. China. Routledge. Pilat. Root Causes of Terrorism: Myths. “France. Abrahms. Management. Week 12-13 Non Democratic and Hybrid regimes Pakistan. no.pdf. 2005. “The Root Causes of Terrorism. New York: Oxford University Press. “The Causes of Terrorism. Tore.” In Political Parties: Their Organization and Activity in the Modern State. 02 (1976): 175–210. Bjørgo. 2008. 2 (2009): 171–182. Security and Crisis Management. “The Number of Parties.nyu. Concepts of Terrorism: Analysis of the Rise. India . 1 (1991): 7–48. Iversen. Security and Crisis. Noricks. “What Terrorists Really Want: Terrorist Motives and Counterterrorism Strategy. Russia. Goldstone. Timur.” World Politics 44. COT Institute for Safety. Max. 4 (1981): 379–399. Joseph F. “Understanding the Revolutions of 2011: Weakness and Resilience in Middle Eastern Autocracies. “Electoral Institutions and the Politics of Coalitions: Why Some Democracies Redistribute More than Others. no. Methuen.” Comparative Politics 13.” Social Science for Counterterrorism 74.” International Security 32. Estevez-Abe. no.” British Journal of Political Science (2007).

Ayesha. Steven. Democracy and Authoritarianism in South Asia: A Comparative and Historical Perspective.” Asian Survey (1996): 673–690. Cambridge [England]. Waseem. Larry Jay. Transitions to Democracy and Democratic Consolidation: Theoretical and Comparative Issues. Art.” Perspectives on Politics 4.. and Alfred C Stepan. Mainwaring. no. Waseem. “Nationalism. and PostCommunist Europe. Scott. Levitsky. Working paper. Iftikhar H. “Thinking about Hybrid Regimes. and Pauline Jones Luong.1080/09584935.” In Democracy and Authoritarianism in South Asia: A Comparative and Historical Perspective. no. Juan J.” World Affairs 166. 3 (2012): 351–373.646077. no. Gabriella R. Mock. 2007. no.2011. Communalism. South America. New York: Cambridge University Press. New York: Cambridge University Press. Why Others Fail. no. and Robert W. . “What Do We Know about Authoritarianism after Ten Years?” Comparative Politics 44. and Lucan Way. Mohammad. “Judging Democracy in Pakistan: Conflict between the Executive and Judiciary. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Jason. “Democratic Revolutions: Why Some Succeed. Jalal. Malik. no. no.Suggested Readings Linz. Authoritarianism in an Age of Democratization. doi:10.” Journal of Democracy 13.” Religious Radicalism and Security in South Asia. 01 (2006): 35–53. 1 (2002): 147–170. 1 (March 2012): 19–31. University of Notre Dame. Jackman. Additional Readings Weinthal. “The Rise of Competitive Authoritarianism. New York: Cambridge University Press. 1995. David. 2 (2002): 21–35. Brownlee. “Modern Nondemocratic Regimes.” Journal of Democracy 13. Waseem. Cambridge. “Mock Democracies: Authoritarian Cover-Ups. Helen Kellogg Institute for International Studies. Mark N.” In Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation: Southern Europe. Runa. and Nuclearism in South Asia. 1989. “Combating the Resource Curse: An Alternative Solution to Managing Mineral Wealth.” Contemporary South Asia 20.nd.” Conference Papers -International Studies Association (Annual Meeting 2008): 1–26. “The State and Civil Society in Pakistan: From Crisis to Crisis. 3 (2004): 163–170. “Origins and Growth Patterns of Islamic Organizations in Pakistan. Katz. Erika. 2 (2002): 51–65. “Sources of Corruption: A Cross-Country Study.pdf. 1995. Honolulu: Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies (2004): 33. Mohammad. Diamond. 1996. Cambridge.” Journal of International Affairs (2011): 254–256. Jalal. “Pakistan’s Lingering Crisis of Dyarchy” Democracies. “State Formation and Political Processes in India and Pakistan. Montinola. Bours Laborin M.” British Journal of Political Science 32. Ayesha. Mohammad. Das.

Gat. 2 (2011): 5–16. Acemoglu. Collier. Rebecca. Darden. no. “Why Has Africa Grown Slowly?” The Journal of Economic Perspectives (1999): 3–22. Cambridge. no. January 1. http://query. Keith. no. 1906. Unknown.” Foreign Affairs 86. Week 16 Globalization . and U. “What Does China Want?” Wilson Quarterly 29. and the Communist Collapse. Week 14 Communism and Post-communism Marx. Wayne. “Paradoxes of the New Authoritarianism. 2011.” In Defeating Authoritarian Leaders in Postcommunist Countries.pdf. and Simon Johnson. http://iis-db. “Authoritarian Deliberation: The Deliberative Turn in Chinese Political Development. 4 (2007): 59–69. “Political Diversity in the Developing World” in Annual Additions. Baogang. Paul.’” Journal of Democracy 22. Week 15 Less-Developed and Newly Industrializing Countries Easterly. Comparative Politics. Azar. Ross.” Foreign Affairs 73. 6 (1994): 62–78. “The Great Divide: Literacy. Krugman. no.nber. Arnold. and Friedrich Engels.Leib. 2006. CH Kerr & Company. Manifesto of the Communist Party.nytimes.: MIT Press.” Perspectives on Politics 9.” In The Elusive Quest for Growth: Economists’ Adventures and Misadventures in the Tropics. Democracy Assistance. Warren. 2 (2011): 269–289. 4 (2005): 50–61. “Vietnam Holds Its Own Within China’s Vast Economic Shadow. 2011. “The Chinese Communist Party and Deliberative Democracy. William. International Diffusion. 1 (2005): 1. and Mark E. “The Return of Authoritarian Great Powers.” World Politics 59. “To Help the Poor. Disease and Development: The Effect of Life Expectancy on Economic Growth. no.” Journal of Public Deliberation 1. and Anna Grzymala-Busse. BREAD Working Paper.” Journal of Democracy 22.stanford. Paul.html. Krastev. Ethan J. 2001. “The Myth of Asia’s Miracle. Valerie. “Networked Authoritarianism in China and beyond: Implications for Global Internet Freedom. no. He. Mass. ———. 2 (2011): 32–46. no. http://www. and Jan Willem Gunning. Stanford University (2010). and Sharon L Wolchik. no. Karl. Daron.” Liberation Technology in Authoritarian Regimes.” The New York Times. Cambridge: Cambridge University “Conclusions: Democratizing Elections. Ivan. MacKinnon. “China’s‘ Networked Authoritarianism.S. Nationalism. National Bureau of Economic Research. 1 (2006): 83–115.

London: W. “Is Global Governance Feasible? Is It Desirable?” In The Globalization Paradox: Democracy and the Future of the World Economy.nber.” Foreign Affairs (2012). New York. 2011.” In The Globalization Paradox: Democracy and the Future of the World Economy. 2002. http://www. Norton & Co. but Hasn’t Leveled It.” The Economist. Rodrik. Terminal Examination . 2011. Rodrik. Norton & Co.. Dani. W. 3 (2005): 48. January 21. “Of Markets and States: Globalization in the Historical Context.” Atlantic Monthly 296. New York.economist. 2010. London: W. Richard. Florida. no.Rodrik. Dani. Unknown. W. Feasible Globalizations. National Bureau of Economic Research. http://www. “The Growth of State: Leviathan Stirs Again. “How We Got Here: The Rise of Modern Order. “THE WORLD IS SPIKY: Globalization Has Changed the Economic Playing Field.foreignaffairs.