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Protection e.g. The need for dosage forms: 1.Types of dosage forms: Definition: Dosage forms are the means by which drug molecules are delivered to sites of action within the body. .Placement of drugs within body tissues. 5.Use of desired vehicle for insoluble drugs. 7.Sustained release medication. vaginal) 10. coated tablets.Masking taste and odour.Protection from gastric juice. 9. 3. sealed ampules.Insertion of drugs into body cavities (rectal. 8.Accurate dose. 6. 4.Optimal drug action. 2.Controlled release medication.

Types of dosage forms (Cont.): They are classified according to: Route of administration Oral Topical Rectal Parenteral Vaginal Inhaled Ophthalmic Otic Physical form Solid Semisolid liquid .

Chewable tablet .Oral dosage forms: 1-Tablet: Coating tablet 2-Buccal and sublingual tablet 3-Effervescent tablet 4.

The cones may contain an antibiotic or antiseptic 9-Pills . .Lozenge 7.Capsule: Hard gelatin capsule 6. for preventing the local multiplication of pathogenic bacteria associated with tooth extractions.Pastilles Soft gelatin capsule 8.5.Dental Cones: -A tablet form intended to be placed in the empty socket following a tooth extraction.

10.Powder (Oral): Bulk Powders sachet 12.Powders for mixtures Divided Powders .Granules 11.

Linctuses: b. liquid oral preparations that are usually prescribed for the relief of cough.Oral emulsion e.Oral solution: e. .The dose volume is small (5ml) and.They usually contain a high proportion of syrup and glycerol which have a demulcent effect on the membranes of the throat.13-Liquid preparations a.Elixir: c-Oral suspension: g.Elixir: f. they should be taken undiluted. to prolong the demulcent action. .Oral drops: -Linctuses are viscous. .

.Gargles: .Mouthwashes: These are similar to gargles but are used for oral hygiene and to treat infections of the mouth.They are aqueous solutions used in the prevention or treatment of throat infections.Usually they are prepared in a concentrated solution with directions for the patient to dilute with warm water before use. .h. i.

Ointmen: 2.Topical dosage forms: 1.Creams: 3.Gels (Jellies): .

They are applied to skin while they are hot.It is soft.Dusting powders: . 6. Poultice must retain heat for a considerable time because they are intended to supply warmth to inflamed parts of body.Pastes There are two types of paste: a) Fatty pastes (e.Poultice : 5.g: leaser's paste) .C. Kaolin poultice (B.) 4. viscous.P. pasty preparation for external use. b) Non greasy pastes (e g: . E.g.bassorin paste).

Transdermal patch 8-Plasters: 9.Liniments: 11.Pressurized dispensers (aerosol sprays): .Collodion: 10-Lotions 12.7.Paints: 13.

Rectal dosage forms: 1.Evacuant enema: 2.Suppository ( systemic action & local action) 2.Enema: a.Retention enema (Systemic & local effect): .

Pessary: A. . C.Moulded pessaries: they are cone shaped and prepared in a similar way to moulded suppositories. B.Vaginal capsules: are similar to soft gelatin oral Capsules differing only in size and shape.Compressed pessaries: made in a variety of shapes and are prepared by compression in a similar manner to oral tablets.Vaginal dosage forms: 1.

2.Intrauterine device .Douche 4.Vaginal ring: 3.

Subcutaneous injection: .Intramuscular injection: 3.Parenteral dosage forms: 1.Intravenous injection: 2.

2.Nebulizer or (atomizer): .Inhaler : -Inhalers are solutions. suspensions or emulsion of drugs in a mixture of inert propellants held under pressure in an aerosol dispenser.Inhaled dosage forms: 1.

Ophthalmic dosage forms: 1.Ophthalmic ointment & gel: .Eye drops: 2.

Ear drops: .Otic dosage forms: 1.

decongestant. .g. antihistamine. Alternatively the drug may be absorbed through the nasal mucosa to exert a systemic effect. The use of oily nasal drops should be avoided because of possible damage to the cilia of the nasal mucosa. e.Nasal dosage forms: 1. The drug may have a local effect.Nasal Drops and Sprays: Drugs in solution may be instilled into the nose from a dropper or from a plastic squeeze bottle.