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SULTANATE OF OMAN

EMPLOYER

PRELIMINARY DESIGN CONSULTANT

RELEASED BY
PROJECT DIRECTOR
ROBERTO LIUZZA
DATE

30/10/2014
PROJECT NAME

CONSULTANCY SERVICES FOR PRELIMINARY DESIGN


FOR OMAN NATIONAL RAILWAY PROJECT
DRAWING TITLE

CONCEPT DESIGN REVISED NETWORK


GENERAL TECHNICAL REPORT

DOCUMENT CODE
PROJECT
CODE

COMPONENT DESIGN
SUBTASK
PHASE

OM00

REV.

A5

PROD.
CENTER

99

DOC.
TYPE

RG

MD 00 0 Z

001

DESIGN TEAM

KEY EXPERT

PROJECT
ENGINEER

GOVERNANCE
AREA MANAGER

Drawn

Verified

Approved

Authorized

L.Giacon

F. Arduini

G. Venditti
M. Di Napoli

D. Agostini

DESCRIPTION

Final submission

DOC.
REV.
NUMBER

WBS & ACTIVITY

PRELIMINARY DESIGN FOR

OMAN NATIONAL RAILWAY PROJECT


SEGMENT 1 OMAN / UAE BORDER AT AL BURAIMI - SOHAR
GENERAL TECHNICAL REPORT
DOCUMENT CODE
OM00.A5.R.99.RG.MD.00.0.Z.001

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS ................................................................................................... 3

2.

GENERAL ASPECTS ............................................................................................................ 6

2.1

THE OMAN NATIONAL RAILWAY PROJECT ........................................................................................ 6

3.

PRELIMINARY OPERATION PLAN ...................................................................................... 9

4.

ALIGNMENT ........................................................................................................................ 10

5.

GEOLOGICAL AND GEOTECHNICAL STUDY .................................................................. 28

6.

HYDROLOGICAL AND HYDRAULICAL STUDY ................................................................ 29

7.

ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS ............................................................................................ 30

8.

STATIONS ........................................................................................................................... 31

9.

FREIGHT TERMINALS, YARDS AND DEPOTS ................................................................. 32

PRELIMINARY DESIGN FOR

OMAN NATIONAL RAILWAY PROJECT


SEGMENT 1 OMAN / UAE BORDER AT AL BURAIMI - SOHAR
GENERAL TECHNICAL REPORT
DOCUMENT CODE
OM00.A5.R.99.RG.MD.00.0.Z.001

1.

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
ABBREVIATION

MEANING

ALARP

As Low As Reasonably Practicable

CARs

Corrective Action Requests

CCB

Change Control Board

CCL

Change Control Log

CEMP

Environmental Management Plans for Construction

CET

controlled emission toilet

CFMP

Configuration Management Plan

CFMS

Configuration Management System

CFR

Change Request Form

CPM

Critical Path Method

CQP

Construction Quality Plan

CSD

Combined Services Drawings

DAS

Drawing Amendment Sheets

DCP

Design Control Point

DMUs

Diesel Multiple Units

DOORS

Dynamic Object-Orientated Requirements System

DQP

Design Quality Plan

DSR

Document Submittals Register

E&B

Earthling & Bonding

EB

Electrical Building

EIA

Environmental Impact Assessment

EIP

External Interfacing Parties

EMC

Electromagnetic Magnetic Compatibility

EMIS

Environmental Mitigation Implementation Schedule

Ems

Environmental Management System

EN

European Standard (Europische Norm)

ERTMS

European Rail Traffic Management System

FCR

Field Change Requests

FRACAS

Failure Reporting Analysis and Corrective Action System

GCC

Gulf Cooperation Council

H&S

Health and Safety

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SEGMENT 1 OMAN / UAE BORDER AT AL BURAIMI - SOHAR
GENERAL TECHNICAL REPORT
DOCUMENT CODE
OM00.A5.R.99.RG.MD.00.0.Z.001

HVAC

Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning

IAP

Impact Assessment Process

ICD

Interface Control Document

IMS

Interface Management System

IRM

Interface Responsibility Matrix

ITP

Inspection and Test Plans

LMS

Lighting Management System

LS

Lighting System

LV

Low voltage

LWR

Long Welded Rail

MEP

Mechanical, Electrical And Plumbing

MMIS

Maintenance Management Information System

MV

Medium Voltage

NCR

Non-conformance Report

NOCs

No Objection Certificates

OCC

Operation Control Centre

ONR

Oman National Railway

pDQP

preliminary Design Quality Plan

PPE

Personal Protective Equipment

PQP

Project Quality Plan

PV

photovoltaic systems

QA

Quality Assurance

QC

Quality Control

QM

Quality Manual

QMS

Quality Management System

RAM

Reliability, Availability and Maintainability

RAMS

Reliability, Availability, Maintainability and Safety

RCC

Record Management System

RCIL

Reliability Critical Items List

RcMS

Records Management System

RcMS

Records Management System

ReMP

Requirements Management Plan

ReMS

Requirements Management System

RMP

Record Management Plan

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GENERAL TECHNICAL REPORT
DOCUMENT CODE
OM00.A5.R.99.RG.MD.00.0.Z.001

ROW

rightof-way

S&C

Swished & Crossing

SAT

Site Acceptance Test

SCADA

Supervisory, Control and Data Acquisition

SCIL

Safety Critical Items List

SIL

Safety Integrity Level

SIT

System Integration Testing

STRIP

Station Related Installation Programme

T&C

Testing and Commissioning

TB

Technical Building

TRIP

Track Related Installation Programme

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GENERAL TECHNICAL REPORT
DOCUMENT CODE
OM00.A5.R.99.RG.MD.00.0.Z.001

2.

GENERAL ASPECTS

2.1

THE OMAN NATIONAL RAILWAY PROJECT

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2.1.1. The National Railway Project in the Sultanate of Oman will consist of about 2135 km of railway
line, linking - as part of GCC Railway Network the Oman border with UAE (at Al Ain and
Khatmat Milahah) to Muscat, to the central and southern parts of the country at Port of Ad Duqm
and Salalah and to the Yemen border. The Oman National Railway is intended to be a double
track mixed freight and passenger non-electrified railway line. The planned Oman National
Railway (ONR) Network, that will link the most populated areas, the ports and the increasing
productive activities of the Sultanate, will be part of the GCC Railway.
2.1.2. The Oman National Rail Project is divided into 9 Segments for a total length of 2135 km, as
presented in the following table.
Segment

2
3

4
5
6
7
8
9

Sector
a
b
c
a
b
a
b
c
a
b
c
a
b
a
a
a
a

Sector Description

Approx. Length km

Sohar to UAE Border at Hafeet / Al Ain


Al Buraimi Spur
Spur to Sohar Railway Yard
Hafeet - Ibri
Ibri Al Dahra economical zone
Al Dhara economical zone - Al Gabah
Al Gabah-Haima
Al Gabah - Duqm
Haima- Amal
Amal - Thumrayt
Thumrayt - Salalah Port
Sohar - Muscat (Al Misfah)
Link for Muscat Central Station
Al Misfah - Sinaw
Sinaw - Ibra
Thumrayt - Mazyounah
Sohar Port to UAE Border at Khatmat Milahah

135
34
38
114
126
116
197
175
166
220
93
188
18
160
91
194
70
Total

Table 1. Segments in Omani Railway Network

In the figure below the configuration of the Oman Railway Network Master Plan is shown.

2135

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SEGMENT 1 OMAN / UAE BORDER AT AL BURAIMI - SOHAR
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DOCUMENT CODE
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During the first phases of the preliminary design, a Multicriteria analysis has been done to define the best
network configuration and Development Plan priorities of the railway system for the Sultanate, reviewing
the outcome of all previous Feasibility Studies. The results of this exercise is the current network
configuration, approved by the Omani Supreme Council of Planning as shown in the Figure. Phase 1 and
Phase 2 include the Segments that are included in the Oman Rail Network Preliminary Design tasks .
Phase 3 includes 3 more Segments that would complete the network configuration, planned to be
implemented in Phase 3 (Long term developments).

(COMPLETARE A CURA DEI P.E.)

PRELIMINARY DESIGN FOR

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SEGMENT 1 OMAN / UAE BORDER AT AL BURAIMI - SOHAR
GENERAL TECHNICAL REPORT
DOCUMENT CODE
OM00.A5.R.99.RG.MD.00.0.Z.001

Figure 1 Alignment Sectors

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GENERAL TECHNICAL REPORT
DOCUMENT CODE
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3.

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PRELIMINARY OPERATION PLAN

(FRANCESCHINI / SICLARI)
Inserire una breve descrizione degli aspetti principali dellOperation Plan e rinviare per maggiori dettagli al
documento specifico di Operation Plan.

PRELIMINARY DESIGN FOR

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SEGMENT 1 OMAN / UAE BORDER AT AL BURAIMI - SOHAR
GENERAL TECHNICAL REPORT
DOCUMENT CODE
OM00.A5.R.99.RG.MD.00.0.Z.001

4.

ALIGNMENT

The revised concept design alignment of ONR Project is shown in Map 1.


Map 1 Revised concept design of ONR Project

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GENERAL TECHNICAL REPORT
DOCUMENT CODE
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The alignment revision involved Segment 2 B, 3 A, 3 B , 3 C and 4 A.


These new Segments run mainly through flat areas with an expected maximum vertical gradient equal to
1%. The key alignment parameters of each Segment are mentioned in the next paragraphs.
Such new Segments are sketched out in Table 2.
Table 2 Segments 2B,3A,3B,3C and 4A -Sectors division
Length

Segment

Sector

Sector Description

Ibri Adam

125.5

Adam Al Ghabah

121.5

Al Ghabah Haima

193

Haim Al Duqm

178.5

Haima Amal

170.5

Total Length

(Km)

789

These Segments were designed to operate as a mixed freight and passenger double track railway line,
having a maximum permissible axle load of 32.4 tons.
The alignment was designed with a design speed of 220 km/h for passenger trains.
For heavy freight trains the design speed is 80 km/h, for light freight trains the design speed is 80 km/h.
The maximum design speed for turnouts in the junctions is 120 km/h.
The planned railway corridor of these segments, along the stretches where it is physically practicable,
can permit future speed of 350 km/h for passenger trains.
In dual track sections, the minimum distance between the centrelines of the tracks is 4.5 m.

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DOCUMENT CODE
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4.1

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SEGMENT 2 SECTOR B

Segment 2 B is the southward continuation of segment 2 A. It departs from the city of Ibri (Al Dhahirah
Governorate) ending its route near the city of Adam (Ad Dakhiliyah Governorate) and it has a total length
of 125+500 km. Segment 2 B shall be connected with Ibri Logistic Area and Al Dahra Economical Zone.
In Figure 2 it is illustrated the Railway alignment of Segment 2 B.
Figure 2 - Segment 2B: from Ibri City to Adam

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DOCUMENT CODE
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The main alignment features of Segments 2 B are sketched out as follows :

Km 0+000 Starting point from Ibri Area

Km 3+000 Passing loop Bulk Terminal Container Terminal Maintenance Satellite Base

Km 6+000 Railway Spur to Ibri Logistic Area

Km 8+500 Ibri Station

Km 9+484 Intersection with main road

Km 66+000 Passing loop Maintenance Base Container Terminal

Km 86+715 Intersection with Rd. 29

Km 91+000 Fahud Station

Km 105+655 Intersection with Rd. 29

Km 121+650 Passing loop Maintenance Satellite Base

Km 125+500 End of Segment 2 B in Adam area

Ibri Station location was identified after having taken into account any instruction given by the main
Stakeholders involved, namely:

Ministry of Defense (MOD)

Royal Court Affair (RCA)

Ibri Municipality

Ibri Ministry of Housing

Moreover Ibri Station location, as designed in the revised concept design, lies close to the Ibri logistic
Center and near to One Million Palms Project. (Figure 3).
The crossed land is definitely flat and no major constraints have to be faced.
Minor roads, gas pipelines and small settlements along the roads have to be taken into consideration
during the Preliminary Design Phase of Segment 2 B.
A viaduct over Wadi Ibri, at around km 10+000 it is likely to be designed.

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Figure 3- Ibri Area

The key parameters of the Segment 2 B railway alignment are reported in Table 3.
Table 3- Key Parameters for Segment 2B Main Line

Total Length (km)

Max. Gradient (%)

Max. Cant (mm)

125+500

0.686

40

Min. Radius (m)

8000

Design Speed (km/h)

220

No. of Stations

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SEGMENT 1 OMAN / UAE BORDER AT AL BURAIMI - SOHAR
GENERAL TECHNICAL REPORT
DOCUMENT CODE
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4.2

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SEGMENT 3 SECTOR A

Segment 3 A is the southward continuation of segment 2 B. It connects Adam area with Al Ghabah area.
Segment 3 A lies entirely within Ad Dakhiliyah Governorate. At the end of Segment 3 A it is located the
station of Quarn Alalam. The railway line covers a total distance of 121+500 km. The designed alignment
of Segment 3 A is shown in Figure 4.
Figure 4- Segment 3A: from Adam to Al Ghabah

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DOCUMENT CODE
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The main alignment features of Segments 3 A are sketched out as follows :

Km 0+000 Starting point from Adam area

Km 56+000 Passing loop - Maintenance base

Km 98+512 Intersection with under study link road of Rd. 31

Km 114+000 Passing loop Bulk terminal Maintenance Satellite base

Km 116+875 - Intersection with under study link road of Rd. 31

Km 117+500 Quarn Alalam Station

Km 121+500 End of Segment 3 A near Al Ghabah area

The crossed land is definitely flat and no major constraints have to be faced.
During the Preliminary Design Phase of Segment 3 A, the under study upgrading of Rd. 31 shall be
considered.
Small wadis, minor roads and small settlements along the roads have to be taken into consideration
during the Preliminary Design Phase of Segment 3 A.
Several crossing with gas pipelines shall be solved along Segment 3 A.
No major artworks have been envisaged along Segment 3 A.
The key parameters of the Segment 3 A railway alignment are reported in Table 4

Table 4- Key Parameters for Segment 3A Main Line


Total Length (km)

Max. Gradient (%)

Max. Cant (mm)

121+500

0.748

40

Min. Radius (m)


8000

Design Speed (km/h)


220

No. of Stations
1

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SEGMENT 1 OMAN / UAE BORDER AT AL BURAIMI - SOHAR
GENERAL TECHNICAL REPORT
DOCUMENT CODE
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SEGMENT 3 SECTOR B

Segment 3 B is the southward continuation of Segment 3 A. It runs always parallel to Road 31 and it
passes through very flat areas arriving at Haima City after having covered a total distance of 193+000
km. Segment 3 B crosses both Ad Dakhiliyah Governorate (from km 0+000 to km 5+000) and Al Wusta
Governorate (from km 5+000 to km 193+000). A railway station shall be located in Haima. The designed
alignment of Sector 3 B is illustrated in Figure 5.
Figure 5- Segment 3B: from Al Ghabah to Haima

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DOCUMENT CODE
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The main alignment features of Segments 3 B are sketched out as follows :

Km 0+000 Starting point from Al Ghabah area

Km 14+640 Intersection with under study link road of Rd. 31

Km 49+044 Intersection with under study link road of Rd. 31

Km 52+000 Passing loop Maintenance base

Km 110+000 Intersection with under study link road of Rd. 31

Km 112+000 Passing loop Maintenance base

Km 126+343 Intersection with under study link road of Rd. 31

Km 157+920 Starting point of Segment 3 C

Km 161+757 Startint point of Junction 3 B- 3 C

Km 179+100 Haima Station

Km 179+927 Intersection with paved road in Haima area

Km 186+500 - Passing loop Maintenance base

Km 193+000 End of Segment 3 B in Haima area

The crossed land is definitely flat and no major constraints have to be faced.
In some stretches of Segment 3 B the presence of sand dunes along the route might cause problems
for the railway and it shall be studied in depth during the Preliminary Design (Figure 6).
During the Preliminary Design Phase of Segment 3 B, the under study upgrading of Rd. 31 shall be
considered.
Minor roads, gas pipelines and small settlements along the roads have to be taken into consideration
during the Preliminary Design Phase of Segment 3 B.
Several crossing with gas pipelines shall be solved along Segment 3 B.
No major artworks have been envisaged along Segment 3 B.

PRELIMINARY DESIGN FOR

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Figure 6- Sand Dunes along Segment 3 B

The key parameters of the Segment 3 B railway alignment are reported in Table 5

Table 5- Key Parameters for Segment 3B Main Line

Total Length (m)

Max. Gradient (%)

Max. Cant (mm)

193+000

0.328

40

Min. Radius (m)

8000

Design Speed (km/h)

220

No. of Stations

PRELIMINARY DESIGN FOR

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DOCUMENT CODE
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4.4

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SEGMENT 3 SECTOR C

Segment 3 C consists of a railway spur that connects the main railway line to Al Duqm.
It departs from Segment 3 B at km 157+920.
Segment 3 C runs almost completely parallel to Rd. 37, to the south of the Oryx Sanctuary protected
area.
The total length of Segment 3 C is 178+500 km.
Figure 7 describes the alignment of Segment 3 C.
Figure 7- Segment 3C: from Haima to Al Duqm

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The main alignment features of Segments 3 C are sketched out as follows :

Km 0+000 Starting point from km 157+920 of Segment 3 B

Km 2+950 Intersection with Rd. 31

Km 14+000 Passing loop Maintenance base

Km 73+000 Passing loop Maintenance Satellite Base

Km 84+660 Intersection with Rd. 37

Km 125+000 Passing loop

Km 147+240 Intersection with Rd. 37

Km 165+800 Al Duqm Station

Km 173+000 Railway Spur to Al Duqm Port Gate

Km 175+000 Al Duqm Railway Yard (Marshalling Yard and Maintenance Depot)

Km 178+500 End Segment 3 C

The crossed land is definitely flat and no major constraints have to be faced.
Small wadis, minor roads, gas pipelines and small settlements along the roads have to be taken into
consideration during the Preliminary Design Phase of Segment 3 C.
This final stretch of Segment 3 C passes through a hilly land where cuts are required.
No major artworks have been envisaged along Segment 3 C.
Both Al Duqm station and Al Duqm railway yard were located in accordance with the last updated
version of Al DuqM master plan.
The Railway Freight Yard shall be connected with the main gate of the Port of Al Duqm by means of a
railway spur.
During the very first phase of the revision of Concept Design a north route was identified to connect Al
Duqm with the main line (Map 2)

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Map 2 Segment 3 C North and South solutions

The site survey undertaken along the north route had emphasized some challenging features for the
Railway design especially in the final portion of this route, namely:

The vicinity with the Oryx Sanctuary fence (Photo 1)

The difficulty for the accessibility of certain areas due to the lack of any kind of road (Photo 2)

The general complexity of the land compared to the flatness of the south route.

But the most significant reason that led to change from North option to South solution has been the
no approval given by both Ministry of
environment, Diwan of Royal Court.

Culture and Heritage and Office for conservation of the

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Photo 1 - 3 C north route landscape

Photo 2 Oryx Sanctuary fence

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The key parameters of the Segment 3 C railway alignment are reported in Table 7

Table 6- Key Parameters for Segment 3C Main Line

Total Length (m)

Max. Gradient (%)

Max. Cant (mm)

178+500

0.637

50

Min. Radius (m)

6000

Design Speed (km/h)

220*

No. of Stations

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SEGMENT 4 SECTOR A

Segment 4 A is the southward continuation of Segment 3 B. It starts from Haima and, after having
crossed Rd. 31, it runs parallel to an unpaved road which connects Rd. 31 with Rd. 29. Segment 4 A
joins Segment 4 B in the vicinity of Amal. The total length of Segment 4 A is 170+500 km.
Figure 8 describes the alignment of Segment 4A.
Figure 8- Segment 4A: from Haima to Amal

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The main alignment features of Segments 4 A are sketched out as follows :

Km 0+000 Starting point near Haima

Km 6+993 - Intersection with under study link road of Rd. 31

Km 11+180 Intersection with Rd. 31

Km 55+000 Passing loop

Km 119+000 Passing loop

Km 141+394 Intersection with unpaved road

Km 150+000 Potential conflict with water treatment basin (Figure 9)

Km 150+770 Intersection with unpaved road

Km 165+000 Passing Loop

Km 170+530 End Segment 4 A

The crossed land is definitely flat and no major constraints have to be faced.
The final stretch of Segment 4 A passes through an oil and gas area where a lots of conflicts with
power lines and gas pipelines shall be solved
During the Preliminary Design Phase of Segment 4 A, the under study upgrading of Rd. 31 shall be
considered.
No major artworks have been envisaged along Segment 4 A.

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Figure 9: Bauer-Nimr Water Treatment (PFKA), NIMR-Oilfield, Oman

The key parameters of the Segment 4 A main line railway alignment are reported in Table 8

Table 7- Key Parameters for Segment 4A Main Line

Total Length (m)

Max. Gradient (%)

Max. Cant (mm)

170+500

0.107

40

Min. Radius (m)

8000

Design Speed (km/h)

220

No. of Stations

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SEGMENT 1 OMAN / UAE BORDER AT AL BURAIMI - SOHAR
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DOCUMENT CODE
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5.

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28/32

GEOLOGICAL AND GEOTECHNICAL STUDY

(MARCHESE /PAOLUCCI)
Breve descrizione dei principali elementi geologici ad oggi acquisiti (carte, sopralluoghi) lungo nuova network.

PRELIMINARY DESIGN FOR

OMAN NATIONAL RAILWAY PROJECT


SEGMENT 1 OMAN / UAE BORDER AT AL BURAIMI - SOHAR
GENERAL TECHNICAL REPORT
DOCUMENT CODE
OM00.A5.R.99.RG.MD.00.0.Z.001

6.

REV
A

PAG
29/32

HYDROLOGICAL AND HYDRAULICAL STUDY

(CABAS / VENTURA)
Breve descrizione dei principali elementi di carattere idrologico e idraulico che caratterizzano le zone interessate
dalla nuova network.

PRELIMINARY DESIGN FOR

OMAN NATIONAL RAILWAY PROJECT


SEGMENT 1 OMAN / UAE BORDER AT AL BURAIMI - SOHAR
GENERAL TECHNICAL REPORT
DOCUMENT CODE
OM00.A5.R.99.RG.MD.00.0.Z.001

7.

ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS

(CORVAJA / CARANTI)
Breve descrizione dei vincoli ambientali riscontrati lungo la nuova network.

REV
A

PAG
30/32

PRELIMINARY DESIGN FOR

OMAN NATIONAL RAILWAY PROJECT


SEGMENT 1 OMAN / UAE BORDER AT AL BURAIMI - SOHAR
GENERAL TECHNICAL REPORT
DOCUMENT CODE
OM00.A5.R.99.RG.MD.00.0.Z.001

8.

STATIONS

(FAZIO)
Breve descrizione delle stazioni presenti nella nuova network.

REV
A

PAG
31/32

PRELIMINARY DESIGN FOR

OMAN NATIONAL RAILWAY PROJECT


SEGMENT 1 OMAN / UAE BORDER AT AL BURAIMI - SOHAR
GENERAL TECHNICAL REPORT
DOCUMENT CODE
OM00.A5.R.99.RG.MD.00.0.Z.001

9.

FREIGHT TERMINALS, YARDS AND DEPOTS

(BARELLI / PECORARIO)
Breve descrizione degli impianti ferroviari presenti nella nuova network.

REV
A

PAG
32/32