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Practice for Test 1 MAT 120 (Note: Answer in full sentences for #1, #6a-f, #7b, #8bc, #9 b-c,

#10d-e.
1. Given the graph of the function g(t).

a. Find g(-1). The function value at t=-1 is approximately 3.


b. Find the domain and range of g. The domain of g is all real
numbers x such that -2 < x < 7. The range of f is all real numbers y
such that -1.5 < y < 3.5.
c. Determine where g(t) = 4. There are no ts for which g(t) = 4. The
number 4 is not in the range of g.
d. Where is g(t) > 2? G is greater than 2 when -1.5 < t < 1.75 and 6.5 <
t < 7.
e. Where is g increasing? G is increasing for -2 < t < 0 and 4.75 < t < 7.
f. What are the local minima for g? Where do they occur? A local
minimum is -1.5 and that occurs at t= 4.75. Another local
minimum is 0 and that occurs for t = -2.
g. Find the average rate of change over the interval [2,5]. Over the
interval 2 to 5, g changes from approximately 1.5 to -1.25. The
average rate of change is -.92.
h. On the graph, sketch the line whose slope is that average rate of
change calculated in part g.

2. Given the graph of the function g(t) shown above, sketch a graph of the
function 2g(t+3) 3.

3. The table below shows the original points on the graph of a function f(x). The
table to the right shows a transformation of those points. Write the
transformation algebraically (in terms of f(x)).
x
2
4
6
8
10

f(x)
-4
-2
0
-2
-4
f(x-1)=g(t)

t
3
5
7
9
11

g(t)
-4
-2
0
-2
-4

4. The table below shows the original points on the graph of a function f(x).
Create a table for the inverse function.
x
-2
-1
0
1
2

f(x)
5
3
-1
-4
-10

-10
-4
-1
3
5

2
1
0
-1
-2

5. a. Give a formula for the line shown below.

f(x) = -(2/5)x + 2.
b. Give a formula for a line perpendicular to the line above and intersecting it
at (0,2).
f(x) = (5/2)x + 2.

6. Given f(x) = 3x2 6x -10.


a. Find the domain and range.
The domain is all real numbers. The range is all real numbers greater
than or equal to -13.
b. Determine where f(x)=3 to three decimal places.
The function value is 3 at x = -1.309 and at x=3.309.
c. Where is f decreasing?
The function is decreasing on the interval (-, 1).
d. Find f(a).
f(a) = 3a2 -6a 10.
e. Find the y intercept.
The function intersects the y axis at f(0) which is -10.
f. Find the x intercepts (exact values).
Using the vertex form, the function intersects the x axis at

g. Show how to convert to vertex form.


f(x) = 3x2 6x 10
f(x) = 3(x2 2x) 10
f(x) = 3(x-1)2 3 10
f(x) = 3(x-1)2 - 13
7. An auditorium has seats for 1200 people. For the past several days, the
auditorium has been filled to capacity for each show. Tickets currently cost
$5.00 and the owner wants to increase the ticket prices. He estimates that for
each 50 cent increase in price, 100 fewer people will attend.
a. Write revenue R as a function of ticket price t.
R(t) = 2200t 200t2
b. What ticket price will maximize the profit?
The ticket price that would maximize the profit is $5.50.
8. You have a 500-foot roll of fencing and a large field. You want to construct a
rectangular playground area.
a. Write area f as a function of one of the dimensions x of the rectangular
area.
f(x) = 250x x2.
b. What are the dimensions of the largest such area?
The function f has a maximum at x = 125, which means the area is a
square with 125 feet on each side.
c. What is the largest area?
The area at x=125 feet is 15625 square feet.
9. In 1960 only 7% of physicians were female, but the number had risen to 20%
in 1992.
a. Write a linear function to describe the percentage of physicians that
are female in terms of the year. Let t= years since 1960.

So two points on the line are (0,7) and (32,20). The function is
f(t) = (13/32)t + 7.
b. Interpret the slope in the context of the problem.
The slope of 13/32 or .40625 means the percentage of female
physicians is growing at a rate of .40625 percentage points per year.
c. Find the percentage of physicians that are female in 2010.
f(50) = 27.3 percent.
10. As Earths population continues to grow, the solid waste generated by the
population grows with it. Governments must plan for disposal and recycling
of ever growing amounts of solid waste. Planners can use data from the past
to predict future waste generation and plan for enough facilities for
disposing of and recycling the waste.
a. Given the following data on the waste generated in Florida from 19901994, Make a scatterplot of the data, letting x represent the number of years s
ince 1990.
See part c.
Year
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

Tons of Solid Waste


Generated (in
thousands)
19,358
19,484
20,293
21,499
23,561

b. Use a graphing calculator to fit a linear, function to the data. Round all
coefficients to three decimal places.
f(x) = 1042.1x18754.8
c. Graph the function of best fit with the scatterplot of the data.

25000
20000
15000
10000
5000
0
0

d. Predict the tons of waste in 2015.


In 2015, the model predicts 44807.3 thousand tons of waste.
e. Interpret the slope in the context of the problem.
The slope indicates that solid waste generated in Florida is increasing
at the rate of 1042.1 thousand tons of waste per year.