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Dsp Quiz III April17 2007

Dsp Quiz III April17 2007

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Problem One (25 Points): RC-filters and Ideal Filters

i) Obtain the impulse response of a discrete filter implementation of two first order

analog RC-filters in cascade; ii) provide its Z-transform, with a pole-zero diagram, and

associated region of convergence; and iii) provide its frequency response as well as a plot

of the magnitude of its frequency response. Use MATLAB to assist you in your

calculations and plots. Use also the following information about first order analog RCfilters to assist you in obtaining your answers:

The impulse response of a causal RC-filter is given by

1

h( t ) = T { ( t )} = ho e t u( t ); =

, h0 =

RC

The product RC is called the time-constant of the RC-filter since it can be shown that

when t = t r 10 RC , the impulse response h( t ) 0 due to the fact that ( e 10 0) . The

value t = t r 10 RC is called the rise time of the RC-filter since it is the elapsed time

from the minimum value y( t ) = 0 to the maximum value y ( t ) = 1 of the step response

y ( t ) = T {u( t )} =

h0

t

the RC-filter is given in the plot below. The frequency response of this causal first order

RC-filter is given by

1

1

1

1

H( f ) =

=

=

; B

=

1 + j 2fRC 1 + j (2f / ) 1 + j ( f / B)

2 2RC

1

=

is called the bandwidth or cut-off frequency of the

The parameter B

2 2RC

filter and it is the value for witch the magnitude of the frequency response drops by about

3 db . For this example, we have, B f m =

=

= 2000 H Z

2

2 RC

Compare this RC-filter with the ideal low-pass filter shown also in the picture below.

HL(f) and HRC(f)

1.4

1.2

Magnitude

1

0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2 you will find the impulse response of two first order RC-filters in cascade. The

Below

objective of this information is to assist you in obtaining your answer.

0

-5000

-4000

-3000

-2000

-1000

0

1000

Frequency in Hz.

2000

3000

4000

5000

Quiz III Prof. Domingo Rodrguez

MATLAB m-script file:rccfilt.m

Fs=100;

Ts=1/Fs;

N=50;

V=N*Ts;

R=10000;

C=10/1000000;

a=1/(R*C);

h0=100;

x0=100;

t=0:Ts:V-Ts;

x=x0*exp(-a*t);

h=h0*exp(-a*t);

y=(x0*h0)*(t.*exp(-a*t));

stem(t,x)

hold on

stem(t,y )

grid

xlabel('Time in Sec.')

ylabel('Magnitude')

title('Input x(t) and output y(t) of Cascade RC-Filter')

hold off

Input x(t) and output y(t) of Cascade RC-Filter

400

350

300

Magnitude

250

200

150

100

50

0

0.05

0.1

0.15

0.2

0.25

0.3

Time in Sec.

0.35

0.4

0.45

0.5

Quiz III Prof. Domingo Rodrguez

Problem Two (15 Points): Z-Transforms

Provide the Z-transforms, with associated R.O.C., of the following signals:

i).- x[n ] = a nu[n ] + bn u[n ] + c n u[ n 1],

a<b<c

iii).- x[n ] = en cos ( 12 n ) u[n ] e n cos ( 12 n ) u[n 1]

4

A causal filter has a the following transfer function

H ( z) =

1 + 2 z 1 + z 2

(1 + 12 z 1 )(1 z 1 )

ii).- Find the output y[n] of this system if the input is x[n ] = e + j n .

2

Do Exercise M.6.1 of the Textbook

Do Exercise 7.40 of the Textbook

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