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EXERCISE 4 -NUCLEAR STRUCTURE

SFT1023
1. How many neutrons are there in the nucleus 205
82 Pb ?
(a) 123
(b) 246
2. Which one of the following pairs of symbols represents two isotopes?
(a) 168 O, 147 N
(c) 168 O, 23
(e) 147 N, 136 C
11 Na
(b) 126 C, 146 C
(d) 147 N, 146 C
3. In which one of the following sets do the species have the same neutron number N?
(a) 168 O, 147 N
(b) 168 O, 23
(c) 147 N, 136C
11 Na
4. In which one of the following sets do the species have the same number of nucleons?
(a) 168 O, 147 N
(b) 168 O, 23
(c) 147 N, 146 C
11 Na
5. Osmium has atomic number 76. A particular isotope of osmium has an atomic mass of
186.956 u. Which symbol correctly represents this isotope?
76
111
Os
Os
(a) 187
(c) 187
(e) 187
111 Os
111
187
(b) 76 Os
(d) 76 Os
6. A tellurium nucleus contains 73 neutrons. A particular isotope of tellurium has
atomic mass 124.904418 u. Which symbol correctly represents this isotope?
52
73
Te (e) 73
Te
(a) 125
(b) 125
(c) 125
(d) 125
73Te
52Te
52Te
7. The nucleus of a certain isotope of tin contains 68 neutrons and 50 protons. Which
symbol correctly represents this isotope?
(a) 50
(b) 118
(c) 118
68 Sn
68 Sn
50 Sn
8. A particular isotope of dysprosium has atomic number 66 and atomic mass 159.925
202 u. Identify the nucleus with a radius that is one half that of this isotope.
180
(a) 20
(b) 50
10 Ne
25 Mn (c) 74W
9. Which of the following is not an assumption involved in the expression:
r (1.2 10 15 m ) A

?
(a) Nuclei are incompressible.
(b) The nucleus is spherical in shape.
(c) All nucleons have roughly the same mass.
(d) Nuclear densities are proportional to the mass numbers.
10. What is the approximate radius of a carbon nucleus that has six protons and six
neutrons?
(a) 1.2 1015 m
(b) 2.7 1015 m
(c) 3.2 1015 m
11. The nucleus of an atom has a radius of 5.61 1015 m. If the nucleus contains 45
protons, how many neutrons does the nucleus contain?
(a) 57
(b) 84
12. The nucleus of a particular isotope of beryllium contains 4 protons and 5 neutrons.
Which nucleus has a radius that is approximately 3 times that of this isotope?
81
Kr
(a) 27
(b) 243
(c) 36
13 Al
94 Pu
13.The radius of a hydrogen atom is given by the Bohr radius = 5.29 x 101 m, what is the
ratio of the nuclear density of a hydrogen atom to its atomic density?
(a) 1.2 x 1014
(b) 8.6 x 1013
(c) 2.3 x 105
25
14. 207
kg. What is the approximate density of this lead
82 Pb has a mass of 3.4368 10
nucleus?
3

(a) 2.3 1017 kg/m3


(b) 3.5 1018 kg/m3

(c) 4.8 1019 kg/m3


(d) 5.2 1020 kg/m3

(e) 6.1 1021 kg/m3