32 views

Original Title: Lecture03 Slides

Uploaded by Yasir Ali

Lecture03 Slides

Diffusion Equation
Solving Fick's law

© All Rights Reserved

- Tutorial for maths
- Fundamental of Transport Phenomena
- Chemistry Project
- Grandin, Rencis - A New Approach to Mechanics of Materials
- Mathcounts Mini#32 Solutions
- exam2002.pdf
- Statically indeterminate beams.ppt
- Lsu Drier Design
- Fall 2010_MTH401_1_SOL
- ECH140Lecture1a
- PM 6501 MT-1 LEsson Plan
- Visual Numerics - IMSL C Numerical Libraries
- FBB model
- lec4 (1)
- A Review of Thin Layer Drying of Foods Theory, Modeling, and Experimental Results.pdf
- sol3.pdf
- 13. Permeability Properties
- Lecture 19
- Science From 2-Chapter5
- Advance Maths Question Paper 2016 M.tec(Transportation)

You are on page 1of 18

Diffusion Equation

3.205 L3 11/2/06

"c

"2 c

=D 2

"t

"x

See Figure 4.1 in Balluffi, Robert W., Samuel M. Allen, and W. Craig Carter.

Kinetics of Materials. Hoboken, NJ: J. Wiley & Sons, 2005. ISBN: 0471246891.

!

condition and two boundary conditions.

3.205 L3 11/2/06

Steady-State Diffusion

time and D is independent of c, Ficks second

law is reduced to Laplaces equation, "2 c = 0

For simple geometries, such as permeation

!

through a thin membrane, Laplaces

equation can

be solved by integration.

3.205 L3 11/2/06

(a)

Figure removed due to copyright restrictions.

See Figure 5.1 in Balluffi, Robert W., Samuel M. Allen, and W. Craig Carter.

Kinetics of Materials. Hoboken, NJ: J. Wiley & Sons, 2005. ISBN: 0471246891.

(b)

See Figure 5.2 in Balluffi, Robert W., Samuel M. Allen, and W. Craig Carter.

Kinetics of Materials. Hoboken, NJ: J. Wiley & Sons, 2005. ISBN: 0471246891.

3.205 L3 11/2/06

See Figure 4.2 in Balluffi, Robert W., Samuel M. Allen, and W. Craig Carter.

Kinetics of Materials. Hoboken, NJ: J. Wiley & Sons, 2005. ISBN: 0471246891.

that involves a single variable, " # x 4Dt

# x &

)c # x &

c(") = c%

( = c + erf %

(

$ 4Dt '

$ 4Dt '

! 2

3.205 L3 11/2/06

2 x $% 2

defined by

erf x "

e d%

( )

&

# 0

An example:

c( x < 0, 0!

) = 0;c( x > 0, 0) = 1;c("#,t ) = 0; c(#,t ) = 1; D = 10"16

!

Application to

problems with

fixed c at surface

3.205 L3 11/2/06

3.205 L3 11/2/06

Superposition of solutions

solutions are also solutions. Here is an example

that uses superposition of error-function solutions:

Figure removed due to copyright restrictions.

See Figure 4.4 in Balluffi, Robert W., Samuel M. Allen, and W. Craig Carter.

Kinetics of Materials. Hoboken, NJ: J. Wiley & Sons, 2005. ISBN: 0471246891.

summed to give a solution for finite layer placed

between two semi-infinite bodies.

3.205 L3 11/2/06

# x + "x 2 &,

c0 )

cleft = +1+ erf %

(.

$ 4Dt '2*

# x / "x 2 &,

c0 )

cright = / +1+ erf %

(.

$ 4Dt '2*

3.205 L3 11/2/06

clayer

= ,erf %

( ) erf %

(/

$ 4 Dt '.

2 + $ 4Dt '

9

An example:

c( x & %x / 2, 0) = 0;%x = 2 '10"6 ; D = 10"16

Application to

problems with

zero-flux plane

at surface x = 0

3.205 L3 11/2/06

10

erf solutions

3.205 L3 11/2/06

11

previous example by looking at the case where x

is very small compared to the diffusion distance,

x, and the thin film is initially located at x = 0:

N

# x 2 ( 4 Dt )

c( x,t ) =

e

4 "Dt

!

area initially

placed at x = 0.

3.205 L3 11/2/06

12

soften be solved using the separation of variables

technique, which in cartesian coordinates leads to

trigonometric-series solutions.

A solution of the form

c( x, y, z,t ) = X ( x) "Y ( y) " Z ( z) " T (t )

is sought.

!

3.205 L3 11/2/06

13

ordinary-differential equations for onedimensional diffusion:

dT

= "#DT

dt

d2X

= "#X

2

dx

boundary conditions.

!

3.205 L3 11/2/06

14

representation of the initial conditionin this

!

case, it is a Fourier sine-series representation of a

constant, c0:

)

&

#

x

Xn ( x) = * an sin%n" (

$ L'

n=1

with

!

3.205 L3 11/2/06

2c0

an =

L

$ #'

* sin&%n" L )( d#

0

15

The function T(t) must have the form:

2 2

'

$

n

#

Tn (t ) = Tn exp&" 2 Dt )

% L

(

4c0

!

c( x,t ) =

"

2

* 1

#

x & # (2 j +1) " 2 &1,, 2 j +1 sin%$(2 j +1)" L (' exp%) L2 Dt (//

$

'.

j=0+

0

!

3.205 L3 11/2/06

16

Example:

L = 10"5 ; D = 10"16

3.205 L3 11/2/06

17

Superposition of point-source solutions to get

solutions for arbitrary initial conditions c(x,0)

!

Method of Laplace transforms

Useful for constant-flux boundary conditions,

time-dependent boundary conditions

Numerical methods

Useful for complex geometries, D = D(c), timedependent boundary conditions, etc.

3.205 L3 11/2/06

18

- Tutorial for mathsUploaded bymukesh3021
- Fundamental of Transport PhenomenaUploaded byneloliver
- Chemistry ProjectUploaded byGokul
- Grandin, Rencis - A New Approach to Mechanics of MaterialsUploaded byminorlosses
- Mathcounts Mini#32 SolutionsUploaded bywshen1468
- exam2002.pdfUploaded byHoàng Long
- Statically indeterminate beams.pptUploaded byHairie Abang
- Lsu Drier DesignUploaded byKumaran Mani
- Fall 2010_MTH401_1_SOLUploaded byAhsan
- ECH140Lecture1aUploaded byQuanhongLe
- PM 6501 MT-1 LEsson PlanUploaded bySampathkumar Mtech
- Visual Numerics - IMSL C Numerical LibrariesUploaded bykouddane2000
- FBB modelUploaded bybetmydarl
- lec4 (1)Uploaded bymanoranjan singh
- A Review of Thin Layer Drying of Foods Theory, Modeling, and Experimental Results.pdfUploaded byNguyen Thu Ha
- sol3.pdfUploaded byAnonymous ic3iARrXh
- 13. Permeability PropertiesUploaded bykiwi27_87
- Lecture 19Uploaded byLenin Prabhu
- Science From 2-Chapter5Uploaded byKalvin Ng Chong Yu
- Advance Maths Question Paper 2016 M.tec(Transportation)Uploaded bysri10888
- 3_Manual_Mass_Transfer_0.pdfUploaded byChinonso
- Solution 10 answerUploaded byMarjser Sagarino
- 3Uploaded byKoushik Krishnakanth
- Modeling of TuringUploaded bybeemitsu
- Pre LinealidadUploaded byKevin Molina
- uUploaded bydeni.sttn
- UntitledUploaded byapi-168512039
- GATE Syllabus for Electrical EngineeringUploaded byRahul Tyagi
- Donelan-5-RationalFunctionAndInequalitiesGraphingRationalFunctionsUploaded byLorjyll Shyne Luberanes Tomarong
- Hw_1Uploaded byMohammed Faheem

- FortranUploaded byYasir Ali
- Mikrotik reference manual v3Uploaded byjjgm
- Datesheet DAE a 2018Uploaded byYasir Ali
- Aluminium and CorrosionUploaded byfazyroshan
- Speed of SoundUploaded byYasir Ali
- Virial CoefficientUploaded byYasir Ali
- 4.diffusion+ficks.pdfUploaded byYasir Ali
- Slac Pub 5962Uploaded byYasir Ali
- Reaction Mechanisms in Zeolite CatalysisUploaded byYasir Ali
- ed058pa246%2E4(1)Uploaded byYasir Ali
- wepme049Uploaded byYasir Ali
- Physics PortionUploaded byYasir Ali
- Freedownloadoffundamentalsofphysics8theditionsolutionmanualUploaded byYasir Ali
- Graded Seals, Quartz to Pyrex, Quartz to Stainless SteelUploaded byYasir Ali
- mcrma_t20Uploaded byYasir Ali
- HeaT Transfer Heat ExchangersUploaded byYasir Ali
- ISB Rev1(Final August 2008)Uploaded byYasir Ali
- 1404.0186(1)Uploaded byYasir Ali
- Lecture5 B PETUploaded byYasir Ali
- Download Notification of Revised Pay Scales 2015 KPKUploaded byYasir Ali
- Archive INDIAN JOURNAL OF CRYOGENICS A quarterly journal devoted to Cryogenics, Superconductivity and Low Temperature Physics2012Uploaded byYasir Ali
- Elemental Analysis of GlassUploaded byAnonymous FW5PVUp
- Guide to BondingUploaded bybotan_mihai
- 45_4_WASHINGTON DC_08-00_0668Uploaded byYasir Ali
- Ministry of Law Justice and Human Rights Pakistan Jobs Application Form 2015Uploaded byYasir Ali
- Journal of Low Temperature Physics Volume 21 Issue 3-4 1975 [Doi 10.1007%2Fbf01141332] Anthony D. Novaco -- A Virial Coefficient Analysis of Helium Adsorption IsothermsUploaded byYasir Ali
- NEE48_GBL 7.0Uploaded byRafael Ortiz
- ZeolitesUploaded byRizwan Khan

- Referat LuceafarulUploaded byVicolJeni
- v82i05Uploaded byAntonio Eleuteri
- Multiplicative InverseUploaded bydearbhupi
- Compiler Lab ReportUploaded byapi-3701797
- 3rd Semester 2013Uploaded byPulkit Aggarwal
- Hem.passagen.se Communication AfcUploaded bykunkunps
- Manual_FHWA LRFD Seismic Analysis and Design_orig nhi11032.pdfUploaded byshreker
- Transfer Theorem for Moment of InertiaUploaded byDianne Villanueva
- Piping Coordination Systems - Mechanical Symbols for Isometric DrawingsUploaded bynamasral
- En - 01 - Introducere. BiblioteciUploaded byBoldojar Laura
- Tum Ik Gorakh D.docUploaded byvjcc
- hw1_331Uploaded byUrAvgAzn
- IRJET-Experimental Investigation on the Strength Properties of High Performance Concrete using M-sand and MetakaolinUploaded byIRJET Journal
- DESIGN OF A 90⁰ SWITCHED LINE PHASE SHIFTER FOR PHASED ARRAY ANTENNASUploaded byInternational Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology
- 7 Profit GeneratorsUploaded byWuU2345
- Qualities of a Real ManUploaded byStephen Ojo
- avevaUploaded bykrvishwa
- Surds and IndicesUploaded bynavya
- Arched BridgesUploaded byJunnoKaiser
- AN IMPROVEMENT ON THE SOBOYEJO AND NIGERIAN METEOROLOGICAL AGENCY WIND ISOPLETHS MAPSUploaded bySteven Jones
- Natural to Java MigrationUploaded byDavid Ribeiro de Souza
- Road HighwayUploaded byChandan Srivastava
- Helical Gears FormulasUploaded byRagava Moorthy
- Chapter 3 -Manager CHE620 Project ManagementUploaded byMyaIdzahar
- A Review of Photovoltaic Systems Size Optimization TechniquesUploaded byJoão Pina
- Branner Earthquakes BrazilUploaded byWanly Pereira
- Hydrographic Survey (River Gauging & Marine Survey) By D.M SiddiqueUploaded byRazi Baig
- Zoetmulder 1971 Indonesia Wayang as Philosophical ThemeUploaded byCatherine Bourdonneau Tran
- IBAN-enUploaded byKabalan Boujaoude
- Product FlyerUploaded byPrem Kumar