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Vocabulary Intermediate Unit 1

Food, restaurant and cooking vocabulary handout

dish noun [C] /d/


a curved container for eating or serving food from:a baking/serving dish
food that is prepared in a particular way as part of a meal: a chicken/vegetarian dish

plate noun /plet/


a flat, round object that is used for putting food on: a dinner plate, a plate of biscuits

portion noun [C] /p n/

a part of something: A large portion of their profits go straight back into new projects.
the amount of food served to one person, especially in a restaurant: Breakfast was delicious - and the portions
were huge!

to help yourself (to sth)


to take something, especially food or drink, without asking: Please help yourself to some coffee.

to serve verb /sv/


to give someone food or drink, especially guests or customers in a restaurant or bar: We're not allowed to
serve alcohol to anyone under 18.

catalogue noun [C] (

ALSO US

catalog) /ktl/

a book with a list of all the goods that you can buy from a shop, or of all the books, paintings, etc that you
can find in a place: a clothing catalogue

directory noun [C] /drekt ri/

a book or list of names, numbers, or other facts SEE ALSO telephone directory

to command verb /kmnd/

FORMAL

to order someone to do something:[+ to do sth] The officer commanded his men to shoot.

to order noun /d /
r

a request for food or goods in return for payment: Can I take your order now?

serving noun [C] /sv/


an amount of food for one person to eat: a large serving of rice

raw adjective UK

/r/ US
(of food) not cooked: raw fish

/r/

to undercook verb [T often passive] UK

/n.dkk/ US

/-d-/

to not cook something enough

undercooked adjective UK /-kkt/ US

vegetarian noun [C] UK

/ved.te.ri.n/ US /-ter.i-/ (UKINFORMAL veggie)


a person who does not eat meat for health or religious reasons or because
they want to avoid being cruel to animals: Of the four million people who have become vegetarians in this country,
nearly two thirds are women.

vegetation noun [U] UK

/ved.te.n/ US

plants in general, or plants that are found in a particular area: The railway track will have to be cleared of vegetation if
it is to be used again. Much of the region's native vegetation has been damaged by developers who
are building hotels along the coast.

course noun (MEAL)


a part of a meal that is served separately from the other parts: a four-course lunch A traditional British main course
consists of a meat dish with potatoes and other vegetables.

helping noun [C] UK

/hel.p/ US
an amount of food given to one person at one time: a small/large helping of pasta

to lay verb UK

/le/ (laid) US lay verb (PUT DOWN)

to put something in especially a flat or horizontal position, usually carefully or for a particular purpose:
She laid the baby on the bed. He laid the tray down on the table.

to warm/heat sth up verb [I or T] UK phrasal verb with warm

/wm/ US

/wrm/

to heat food that has already been cooked: I might just warm up the leftovers from yesterday's meal in the microwave.

to boil over verb UK phrasal verb with boil

/bl/ US

If a liquid that is being heated boils over, it rises up and flows over the edge of the pan:
Take the milk off the heat before it boils over.
If a pan boils over, the liquid in it rises up and flows over the edge: That saucepan is boiling over.

mess noun UK

/mes/ US

mess noun (DIRT/UNTIDINESS)


Something or someone that is a mess, or is in a mess.
He makes a terrible mess when he's cooking. Jem's house is always in a mess.

cooker noun [C] UK

/kk.r/ US /-/
(US stove) a large box-shaped device that is used to cook and heat food, either by putting the food inside or by
putting it on the top: a gas/electric cooker

well done adjective UK

US
(of meat) cooked so that it is firm and has a grey-brown colour all the way through:
"How would you like your steak?" "Well done."

to carve verb [I or T] UK

/kv/ US

/krv/

to cut thin pieces from a large piece of cooked meat:


Would you like me to carve (the chicken)?

carving knife noun [C] UK

US

a large knife used for cutting cooked meat

saucer noun [C] UK

/s.sr/ US

/s.s/

a small, curved plate that you put a cup on: a cup and saucer She gave the cat a saucer of milk (=
a small amount of milk on a saucer).

to grind verb [T] (MAKE SMALLER)


to make something into small pieces or a powder by pressing between hard surfaces: to grind coffee. Shall I grind a
little black pepper over your pizza? They grind the grain into flour (= make flour by crushing grain)between
two large stones.

to clear (sth) up verb UK phrasal verb with clear

/klr/ US

/klr/

to make a place tidy by removing things from it or putting them where they should be: Dad was clearing up in
the kitchen. I'm tired of always having to clear up after you (= tidy your things).

loaf noun UK

/lf/ US

/lof/ (PLURAL loaves)

bread that is shaped and baked in a single piece and can be sliced for eating: two loaves of white bread

can noun UK

/kn/ US (UK ALSO tin)

a closed metal container, especially cylinder-shaped, in which some types of drink and food are sold: a can
of soup/beans [C] (UK ALSO tin)
the amount of food or drink that is contained in a can: You'll need a can of tuna for this recipe.
a metal container, especially one with a lid, handle, and shaped opening for pouring: an oil can, a can of paint

bar noun [C] (LONG PIECE)


a substance that has been made into a solid rectangular shape: a bar of soap, a chocolate bar

jar noun [C] UK

/dr/ US

/dr/

a glass or clay container with a wide opening at the top and sometimes a fitted lid, usually used for storing food:
a jar of coffee/pickled onions, a jam jar

bunch noun UK

/bnt/ US

a number of things of the same type fastened together or in a close group: a bunch of flowers/grapes/bananas/keys

utensil noun [C] UK

/juten.sl/ US
a tool with a particular use, especially in a kitchen or house: In the drawer was a selection of kitchen utensils spoons, spatulas, knives, and whisks.

appliance noun [C] UK

/pla.ns/ US

a device, machine, or piece of equipment, especially an electrical one that is used in the house, such as
a cooker or washing machine: electric/domestic/household appliances

frying pan noun [C] UK

(US ALSO skillet) US


a flat metal pan with a long handle, used for frying food

saucepan noun [C] UK

/s.spn/ US

/s-/

a deep, round pan with straight sides, usually with a handle and a lid, used for cooking things over heat

casserole noun [C or U] UK

/ks.r.l/ US

/-.rol/

a dish made by cooking meat, vegetables, or other foods inliquid inside a heavy container at low heat, or
the heavy, deep container with a lid used in cooking such dishes: lamb casserole

kettle noun [C] UK

/k t.l/ US

/k t-/

a container for boiling water, that has a lid, handle, and spout and is made from plastic or metal
put the kettle on: to start to boil water in a kettle

jug noun UK

/d/ US

(US pitcher)
a container for holding liquids that has a handle and a shaped opening at the top for pouring: a glass/plastic jug,
a milk/water jug

bowl noun UK

/bl/ US

/bol/

a round container that is open at the top and is deep enough to hold fruit, sugar, etc.:
a soup/cereal/salad/sugar bowl, a bowl of soup/rice/porridge She eats a bowl (= the contents of a
bowl) of cereal every morning.

tin opener noun [C] UK

UK (US ALSO UK can opener) US

a device for opening tins of food

mug noun [C] UK

/m/ US (CUP)

a large cup with straight sides used for hot drinks: I made myself a large mug of cocoa (= enough to fill a mug) and
went to bed.

mixer noun UK

/mk.sr/ US

/-s/

a machine that mixes substances: a cement mixer an electric (food) mixer

to cut back/down verb UK phrasal verb with cut

/kt/ (PRESENT PARTICIPLE cutting, PAST

cut) US
to do less of something or use something in smaller amounts:
The government has announced plans to cut back on defencespending by 10 percent next year.
I'm trying to cut down on caffeine.
TENSE AND PAST PARTICIPLE

to wear off verb UK phrasal verb with wear

/wer/ US

/wer/(wore, worn)

If a feeling or the effect of something wears off, it gradually disappears: Most patients find that the numbness from
the injection wears off after about an hour.

to look round (somewhere/sth)verb UK phrasal verb with look

/lk/ US

to visit a place and look at the things in it: She spent the afternoon looking round the shops. When we went to
Stratford, we only had a couple of hours to look round.

to work sth out verb UK phrasal verb with work

/wk/ US /wk/
to understand something or to find the answer to something by thinking about it:[+ question word] There will be
a full investigation to work out what caused the accident.

to feel up to something verb phrasal verb with feel /fil/ (

PAST TENSE AND PAST

PARTICIPLE felt

/felt/) US

to have the energy to do something: I dont feel up to going out tonight.

to put sb off (sth/sb) verb UK phrasal verb with put

/pt/ (PRESENT PARTICIPLE

putting, PAST TENSE AND PAST PARTICIPLE put) US


to make someone dislike something or someone, or to discourage someone from doing something:
The smell of hospitals always puts me off. You have to work long hours and that puts off a lot of people.

to get around/round to sth verb UK phrasal verb with get

/ t/ (PRESENT

PARTICIPLE getting, PAST TENSE

got, PAST PARTICIPLE got or US gotten) US


to do something that you have intended to do for a long time: I still haven't got round to fixing that tap.

to make sth up verb UK phrasal verb with make

/mek/ (made, made) US


to invent something, such as an excuse or a story, often in order to deceive: I made up an excuse about having
to look after the kids. My dad was always really good at making up stories.

to put sb out verb UK phrasal verb with put

/pt/ (PRESENT PARTICIPLE putting, PAST TENSE AND

put) US
to annoy or upset someone, often by what you do or say to them: She was rather put out when they turned up
two hours late for dinner. He seemed a bit put out at not having been invited.
PAST PARTICIPLE

to poach verb UK

/pt/ US

/pot/

to cook something such as a fish, or an egg with its shell removed, by putting it in gently boiling water or
other liquid: We had poached eggs for breakfast.

to mash verb [T] UK

/m/ US
to crush food, usually after cooking it, so that it forms a soft mass: Mash the potatoes and then mix in
the butter and herbs.

powdered adjective UK

/pa.dd/ US

/-dd/

in the form of a powder or covered with a powder: Shall I put some powdered milk in your coffee?
Her face was heavily powdered.

stale adjective UK

/stel/ US

no longer new or fresh, usually as a result of being kept for too long: The bread/biscuits/cake had gone stale.
The morning after the party, their apartment smelled of stale cigarette smoke.

rotten adjective UK

/rt.n/ US /r.tn/
decayed: The room smelled of rotten vegetables.

chilled adjective UK

/tld/ INFORMAL US

relaxed, not worrying about anything: Me, I'm feeling pretty chilled.

frosted adjective UK

/frs.td/ US

/fr.std/

Frosted glass is less smooth to stop it being transparent: We had frosted glass put in the bathroom window.

chilly adjective UK

/tl.i/ US

(of weather, conditions in a room, or parts of thebody) cold: The bathroom gets chilly in the winter. I felt a bit chilly
so I put on a jacket.

prescription noun UK

/prskrp.n/ US

a piece of paper on which a doctor writes the details of the medicine or drugs that someone needs: a doctor's
prescription

instructions [plural]
advice and information about how to do or use something, often written in a small book or on the side of
a container: The cooking instructions say bake it for half an hour. You obviously didn't read the instructions properly.

ingredient noun [C] UK

/nri.di.nt/ US

a food that is used with other foods in the preparation of a particular dish: The list of ingredients included 250 g
of almonds.

recipe noun [C] UK

/res..pi/ US

a set of instructions telling you how to prepare and cook food, including a list of what food is needed for this:
For real South Asian food, just follow these recipes. Do you know a good recipe for wholemeal bread?

to roast verb UK

/rst/ US /rost/
to cook food in an oven or over a fire: Just roast the chicken in the oven and baste it in oil and lemon.

to bake verb UK

/bek/

to cook inside a cooker, without using added liquid orfat:I made the icing while the cake was baking.a baked potato
freshly baked bread

grill verb [T] UK

/rl/ US
to cook food over fire or hot coals, usually on a metal frame: Dad was grilling chicken in the back yard.

recent adjective UK

/ri.snt/ US

happening or starting from a short time ago:Is that a recent photo? Have you been following recent political events?

fatty adjective UK

/ft.i/ US

/ft-/

containing a lot of fat: Goose is a very fatty meat.

fattening adjective UK

/ft.n./ US

/ft-/

describes food that contains a lot of fat, sugar, etc. that would quickly make you fatter if you ate a lot of it:
fattening food, such as cheese and chocolate

to fatten sb/sth up verb UK phrasal verb with fatten

/ft.n/ US

/ft-/

to give an animal or a thin person a lot of food so that they become fatter: These cattle are being fattened up
for slaughter.

underdeveloped adjective UK

/n.d.dvel.pt/ US /-d-/
(especially of a country) without modern industry or modernservices that provide transport, hospitals, etc.: an
underdeveloped country

undernourished adjective UK

/n.dnr.t/ US

/-dn-/

not eating enough food to continue to be in good health: Many of the children are undernourished
and suffering from serious diseases.

underweight adjective UK

/n.dwet/ US

/-d-/

Underweight people weigh too little and are too thin: According to the hospital chart he's four kilos underweight.
Opposite overweight

takeaway noun [C] UK

/tek..we/ UK (US takeout) US

a meal cooked and bought at a shop or restaurant but taken somewhere else, often home, to be eaten, or
the shop or restaurant itself: a Chinese takeaway

to carry (sth) on verb UK phrasal verb with carry

/kr.i/ US

/ker-/

to continue doing something, or to cause something to continue: Let's carry on this discussion at some other time.
Carry on the good work!

teaspoon noun [C] UK

/ti.spun/ US

a small spoon used to stir (= mix) tea or coffee in a cup

tablespoon noun [C] UK

/te. l.s un/ (WRITTEN ABBREVIATION tbsp) US

(the amount held by) a large spoon used for measuring or serving food: three tablespoons of sugar

tablecloth noun [C] UK

/te. l.kl/ US

/-kl/

a large piece of cloth that covers a table during a meal and protects or decorates it

corkscrew noun [C] UK

/kk.skru/ US

/krk-/

a device for removing corks from bottles, that consists of a handle with a twisted metal rod to push into
the cork and pull it out

bottle opener noun [C] UK

US

a device for removing the metal top from a bottle

teapot noun [C] UK

/ti.pt/ US

/-pt/

a container for making and serving tea with a handle and ashaped opening for pouring

toaster noun [C] UK

/t.str/ US

/to.st/

an electric device for making toast

napkin noun [C] UK

/n .kn/ (UK ALSO serviette) US

a small square piece of cloth or paper, used while you areeating to protect your clothes or
to clean your mouth or fingers

dishwasher noun [C] UK

/dw.r/ US

/-w./

a machine that washes dirty plates, cups, forks, etc.

to drain verb UK

/dren/ US

If you drain something, you remove the liquid from it, usually by pouring it away or allowing it to flow away, and if
something drains, liquid flows away or out of it: Drain the pasta thoroughly.

strainer noun [C] UK

/stre.nr/ US

/-n/

a kitchen utensil with a lot of holes in it for separating liquid from solid: a tea strainer

to simmer verb UK

/sm.r/ US

/-/

to cook something liquid, or something with liquid in it, at a temperature slightly below boiling: Leave
the vegetables to simmer for a few minutes.

to soak verb UK

/sk/ US

/sok/

to leave something in liquid, especially in order to clean it, make it softer, or change its flavour: You can usually
soak out a stain.Leave the beans to soak overnight./Let the beans soak overnight.

to chop verb [T] UK

/tp/ US

/tp/ (-pp-)

to cut something into pieces with an axe, knife, or other sharp instrument: He was chopping wood in the yard. Add
some fresh parsley, finely chopped.Chop (up) the onions and carrots roughly.

to mince verb
to cut meat, or other food, into very small pieces, sometimes using a special machine: Mince
two pounds of chicken finely.

1A

to swallow verb /swl/


to move your throat in order to make food or drink go down: These tablets are too big to swallow.

to chew verb [I, T]

/tu/

to crush food between your teeth before you swallow it: This meat is difficult to chew.

to bite off more than you can chew

INFORMAL

to try to do something that is too difficult for you: We bit off more than we could chew in our original reform proposals.

the apple of sb's eye


the person who someone loves most and is very proud of: His youngest daughter was the apple of his eye.

it's no use crying over spilled milk

SAYING

said to emphasize that it is not useful feeling sorry about something that has already happened: It's no
use crying over spilled milk - he's spent all the money, and there's nothing you can do about it.

not be sb's cup of tea


If something is not your cup of tea, it is not the type of thing of that you like: Thanks for inviting me, but ballet isn't
really my cup of tea.

(as) cool as a cucumber


very calm or very calmly, especially when this is surprising: She walked in as cool as a cucumber, as if nothing
had happened.

endorphin noun [C] UK

/end.fn/ US

/-dr-/ SPECIALIZED

a chemical naturally released in the brain to reduce pain, that in large amounts can make you feel relaxed or
full of energy

to come up with sth verb UK phrasal verb with come /km/ (came, come) US
to suggest or think of an idea or plan: She's come up with some amazing scheme to double her income.

to turn (sb/sth) into sb/sth verb UK phrasal verb with turn /tn/ US

/tn/

to change and become someone or something different, or to make someone or something do this:
The council was hoping to turn a children's home into a residence for adolescent girls.
The town turned from a small seaside resort into a major commercial centre when oil was discovered.

effective adjective UK

/fek.tv/

successful or achieving the results that you want: It's an extremely effective cure for a headache. The lighting for
the production made a very effective use of shadow. She's a very effective teacher.
Opposite: ineffective

efficient adjective UK

/f.nt/ US

working or operating quickly and effectively in an organized way: The city's transport system is one of the most
efficient in Europe. We need someone really efficient who can organize the office and make it run smoothly.

efficiently adverb UK /-li/ US


1B

immediate family
your closest relations, such as your parents, children, husband, or wife

extended family noun [C usually singular, + sing/pl verb] UK

US

a family unit that includes grandmothers, grandfathers, aunts, and uncles, etc. in addition to parents and children

nuclear family noun [C] UK

SPECIALIZED

US

a family consisting of two parents and their children, but not including aunts, uncles, grandparents, etc.

family tree noun [C] UK

US
a drawing that shows the relationships between the different members of a family, especially over
a long period of time

stepfather/stepmother noun [C] UK

/stepf.r/ US

/-/

the man/woman who is married to someone's mother but who is not their real father

half-brother/half-sister noun [C] UK

/hfbr.r/ US

a brother/sister who is the son of only one of your parents

in-laws noun [plural] UK

/n.lz/ US

/-lz/ INFORMAL

the parents of your husband or wife and other members of their family

/hfbr./

novel noun [C] /nv l/

a book that tells a story about imaginary people and events: Have you read any good novels lately?

novelist noun [C] someone who writes novels

rival noun [C] /rav l/

someone or something that is competing with another person or thing: business/political rivals

rival adjective [always before noun]a rival company/gang


rivalry noun [C, U] behaviour typical of rivals: There is intense rivalry between the two teams.

tension noun /ten n/

a feeling of fear or anger between two groups of people who do not trust each other: ethnic/racial tension There
are growing tensions between the two countries.
a feeling that you are nervous, worried, and not relaxed: You could feel the tension in the room as we waited for her
to arrive.

attention noun [U] /ten n/

the state of watching, listening to, or thinking about something carefully or with interest: Ladies and gentlemen,
could I have your attention, please? I was watching TV so you didn't have my full attention.

no wonder
used to say that you are not surprised about something: No wonder she failed the test if she didn't do any work.

to share verb /e /
r

to have or use something at the same time as someone else: She shares a house with Paul.
to divide something between two or more people: We shared a pizza and a bottle of wine. We shared the cost of
the wedding between us.

responsible adjective /rspnsbl/


showing good judgment and able to be trusted: a hard-working and responsible employee, a
responsible attitude OPPOSITE irresponsible
be responsible for sb/sth/doing sth: to be the person whose duty is to deal with someone or something: I'm
responsible for looking after the children in the evenings.

rebellious adjective /rbelis/


refusing to obey rules because you do not like authority: a rebellious teenager

sensible adjective /sensbl/


showing good judgment: a sensible decision[+ to do sth] Wouldn't it be more sensible to leave before the traffic
gets bad? She's only thirteen but she's very sensible.

emotional adjective /m n l/

An emotional person shows their emotions very easily or very often.

childhood noun [C, U] /taldhd/


the part of your life when you are a child

to suffocate verb [I, T] /sfket/


to die because you cannot breathe or to kill someone by stopping them from breathing: He suffocated her with
a pillow.

suffocation /sfken/ noun [U]

attitude noun [C, U] /ttjud/


how you think or feel about something and how this makes you behave: a positive attitudeHe has a
very bad attitude to/towards work.

innocent adjective /ns nt/

not guilty of committing a crime: He claims to be innocent of the crime.


not having much experience of life and not knowing about the bad things that happen: an innocent young woman

to value verb [T] /vlju/ (

PRESENT PARTICIPLE

valuing, PAST TENSE AND PAST PARTICIPLE valued)

If you value something or someone, they are very important to you: I always value his opinion.

to admire verb [T] /dma /


r

to respect or approve of someone or something: You have to admire him for being so determined. I really
admire people who can go out and work in such difficult conditions.

for better or (for) worse


If you do something for better or (for) worse, you accept the bad results of the action as well as the good ones:
Anyway, for better or for worse, I followed her advice.

boarding school noun [C] UK

US

a school where students live and study

only child noun [C] UK

(PLURAL only children) US


a child who has no sisters or brothers

gathering noun [C] UK

/.r./ US /--/

a party or a meeting when many people come together as a group: There will be a gathering of world leaders in
Vienna next month. a social gathering (= when people meet for pleasure not work)

partly adverb /ptli/


used to show that something is true to some degree but not completely: The house is partly owned by her father. He
was partly responsible.

aware adjective /we /


r

to know about something: Are you aware of the risks involved? She was well aware that he
was married. OPPOSITE unaware

affectionate adjective /fek nt/

showing that you like or love someone: an affectionate little girl He's very affectionate.

aggressive adjective /r

sv/

behaving in an angry and violent way towards another person: He was drunk and aggressive. aggressive behaviour

ambitious adjective /mbs/


wanting to be successful or powerful: an ambitious young lawyer

anxious adjective /ks/


worried and nervous: She's very anxious about her exams. I saw his anxious face at the window.

bossy adjective /bsi/


always telling other people what to do

bossiness noun [U]

charming adjective /tm/


pleasant or attractive: a charming smile/place

competitive adjective /kmpettv/


wanting to win or to be more successful than other people: She's very competitive

independent adjective /ndpendnt/


not wanting or needing anyone else to help you or do things for you: She's a proud, independent woman.

jealous adjective /dels/


unhappy and angry because you want something that someone else has: His
new bike was making his friends jealous. Steve has always been jealous of his brother's good looks.
upset and angry because someone you love seems too interested in another person: a jealous husband

moody adjective /mudi/


If someone is moody, they are often unfriendly because they feel angry or unhappy: He can be very moody
and rude.

moodily adverb moodiness noun [U]

reliable adjective /rlabl/


able to be trusted or believed: a reliable car, reliable information, Andy's very reliable - if he says he'll do something,
he'll do it.
OPPOSITE unreliable

reliability /rlablti/ noun


how reliable someone or something is: I'm not sure about the reliability of those statistics.

sensitive adjective /senstv/


able to understand what people are feeling and deal with them in a way that does not upset them: I want a man
who's kind and sensitive.
easily upset by the things people say or do: He was always sensitive to criticism. She's very sensitive
about her weight.

sociable adjective /sbl/


Someone who is sociable enjoys being with people and meeting new people.

spoilt adjective /splt/ UK (US spoiled, /spld/ )


badly behaved because you are always given what you want or allowed to do what you want: He was behaving like
a spoilt child.

stubborn adjective /stbn/


determined not to change your ideas, plans, etc, although other people want you to

stubbornly adverb stubbornness noun [U]