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Intermediate Vocabulary Unit 2


to foot verb [T] UK


to pay an amount of money: His parents footed the bill for his course fees. They refused to foot the cost of
the wedding. The company will foot her expenses.

spree noun [C] UK

/spri/ US

a short period of doing a particular, usually enjoyable, activity much more than is usual: I went
on a drinking/shopping/spending spree on Saturday.20 people were shot dead in the city, making it
the worst killing spree since the riots.

consumer society noun [C] UK


a society in which people often buy new goods, especially goods that they do not need, and in which a
high value is placed on owning many things

cynical adjective /snk l/

believing that people are only interested in themselves and are not sincere: Many people have become cynical
about politicians.

offensive adjective /fensv/

likely to make people angry or upset:an offensive remark OPPOSITE inoffensive

willing adjective /wl/

be willing to do sthB1 to be happy to do something, if you need to:He's willing to pay a lot of money for
that house.

willingly adverbB2He would willingly risk his life for her.willingness noun [U]

material adjective /mtril/

relating to money and possessions and
not emotions orthoughts:Material wealth never interested her.the material world
Vocab bank

worth adjective /w/

to have a particular value, especially in money: Our house is worth about 600,000 euros.

to borrow verb /br/

to use something that belongs to someone else and give it back later: Can I borrow a pen please?
I borrowed the book from my sister.
to take money from a bank or financial organization and pay it back over a period of time

to afford verb [T] /fd/

to have enough money to buy something or enough time to do something: I can't afford a new computer.[+ to do
sth] Can we afford to go away?

to charge verb


to ask someone to pay an amount of money for something, especially for an activity or a service:[+ two
objects] They are going to charge motorists a tax to drive into the city centre. How much do you charge for delivery?

to earn verb


to get money for doing work: She earns more than 40,000 a year.
earn a/your living to work to get money for the things you need

wage noun [S] UK

/wed/ (ALSO wages [plural]) US

a fixed amount of money that is paid, usually every week, to an employee, especially one who
does work that needs physical skills or strength, rather than a job needing a college education: a very low/high
wage an hourly/daily/weekly/annual wage

salary noun [C or U] UK

/sl.r.i/ US


a fixed amount of money agreed every year as pay for an employee, usually paid directly into his or
her bank account every month: an annual salary of 20,000His net monthly salary is 1,500.

income noun [C or U] UK

/ US

money that is earned from doing work or received from investments: Average incomes have risen by
4.5 percent over the past year. More help is needed for people on low incomes. I haven't had much income from
my stocks and shares this year.

to invest verb /nvest/

to give money to a bank, business, etc, or buy something, because you hope to get a profit: He's invested over
a million euros in the city's waterfront restoration project.

to lend verb


to give something to someone for a period of time, expecting that they will then give it back to you: She lent
me her car for the weekend. I do have a bike but I've lent it to Sara.
If a bank lends money, it gives money to someone who then pays the money back in small amounts over
a period: The bank refused to lend us any more money.

to owe verb [T] //

to have to pay money back to someone:[+ two objects] You still owe me money. He owes a lot
of money to the bank.

to raise verb [T] /rez/

to collect money from other people: They're raising money for charity.

to save verb

/sev/ (ALSO save up)

to keep money so that you can buy something with it in the future: We've saved almost $900 for our wedding.
Michael's saving up for a new computer.

to waste verb [T] /west/

to use too much of something or use something badly when there is a limited amount of it: I don't want to waste
any more time so let's start. Why waste your money on things you don't need?

aside adverb /sad/

If you put or set something aside, you do not use it now, but keep it to use later: We've put some money aside
to pay for the children's education.

debt noun /det/

an amount of money that you owe someone: She's working in a bar to try to pay off her debts.
a situation in which you owe money to someone: We don't want to get into debt. He's heavily in debt.

spender noun [C] UK

/spen.dr/ US


someone who spends money: Tourists are often big spenders (= they buy a lot of things).

saver noun [C] /sev /


someone who saves money in a bank

mortgage noun [C]


money that you borrow to buy a home: a monthly mortgage payment

not have a clue


to be completely unable to guess, understand, or deal with something:[+ question word] I haven't a clue what
you're talking about.

rough adjective /rf/

approximate: a rough estimate Can you give me a rough idea of the cost?

to owe verb [T] //

to have to pay money back to someone:[+ two objects] You still owe me money. He owes a lot
of money to the bank.

instalment noun [C] UK (US installment)


a regular payment that you make, for example each month, in order to pay for something: You
can pay for your computer in six monthly instalments.

Listening Pg15

to finish up


phrasal verb with finish

/fn/ verb

to finally be in a particular place, state, or situation, usually without having planned it: I only went for two days,
but finished up staying for a week.

to get by phrasal verb with get /et/ verb (


got, PAST

got, US gotten)
to be able to live or deal with a situation with difficulty, usually by having just enough of something you need,
such as money: I don't know how he gets by on so little money.

hold onto/on to sth phrasal verb with hold /hld/ verb (


to keep something you have: It was a tough election, but they held onto their majority.

scam noun [C] UK


an illegal plan for making money, especially one that involves tricking people: an insurance scam

talent noun UK

/tl.nt/ US

someone who has) a natural ability to be good at something, especially without being taught: Her
talent for music showed at an early age. His artistic talents were wasted in his boring job.

dyslexia noun [U] UK

/ US

a difficulty with reading and writing caused by the brain's being unable to see the difference between
some letter shapes

door-to-door adjective [before noun] UK

/d.tdr/ US /d .tdr/

going from one house or building in an area to another: He was a door-to-door salesman before
he became an actor.

instinct noun [C or U] UK

/n.stkt/ US

the way people or animals naturally react or behave, without having to think or learn about it: All his instincts
told him to stay near the car and wait for help.[+ to infinitive] Her first instinct was to run.

instinctive adjective UK

/ US

Instinctive behaviour or reactions are not thought about, planned, or developed by training: an
instinctive reaction

instinctively adverb UK /-li/ US

boutique noun [C] UK

/butik/ US

a small shop that sells fashionable clothes, shoes, jewellery, etc.

to gamble verb UK

/m. l/ US

to do something that involves risks that might result in loss of money or failure, hoping to
get money or achieve success: Anyone who gambles on the stock exchange has to be prepared to lose money.
to risk money, for example in a game or on a horse race: I like to gamble when I play cards - it makes it
more interesting. He gambles on the horses (= horse races).He gambled away all of our savings.

on sale
available to buy in a shop: On sale at record stores now.

millionaire noun [C] UK

/ml.jner/ US

/-ner/ (FEMALE ALSOmillionairess)

a person who has money, property, etc. that is worth at least 1,000,000 dollars, pounds, euros,
etc.:You want me to buy you a new car - do you think I'm a millionaire or something?

recession noun [C or U] UK

/rse.n/ US

a period when the economy of a country is not successful andconditions for business are bad:
The country is sliding into the depths of (a) recession.

broke adjective [after verb] UK

/brk/ US /brok/ INFORMAL

without money: I can't afford to go on holiday this year I'm (flat) broke.Many small businesses went broke (= lost all their money) during the recession.

to set sth up verb UK phrasal verb with set


set) US
to formally establish a new company, organization, system, way of working, etc.: A committee has been set up
to organize social events in the college. She plans to set up her own business. They've set up a fund for victims of
the earthquake.

to arrange for an event or activity to happen: We need to set up a meeting to discuss the proposals.
The government has agreed to set up a public enquiry.

bedtime noun [U or C] UK

/bed.tam/ US

the time at which you usually get into your bed in order to sleep: Put your toys away now, it's bedtime. Eleven
o'clock is past my bedtime. I like to have a hot drink at bedtime. He reads his children a bedtime story every night.

ashamed adjective [after verb] UK

/emd/ US

feeling guilty or embarrassed about something you have done or a quality in your character: You've got nothing
to be ashamed of. She ought to be thoroughly ashamed of herself - talking to her mother like that![+ to infinitive] He
was ashamed to admit to his mistake.[+ that] I was ashamed that I'd made so little effort. I'm ashamed to be seen with
you when you behave so badly!

figure noun [C] UK

/f.r/ US

/-jr/ figure noun [C] (NUMBER)

the symbol for a number or an amount expressed in numbers: Can you read this figure? Is it a three or an eight?
Write the amount in both words and figures. I looked quickly down the column of figures. He earns a sixfigure salary (= an amount of money with six figures).

cheque noun [C] UK UK (US check)

/tek/ US

a printed form, used instead of money, to make payments from your bank account: I wrote him a
cheque for 50.I don't have any cash on me, so could I pay with a/by cheque?

contract noun [C] UK

/kn.t kt/ US


a legal document that states and explains a formal agreementbetween two different people or groups, or
the agreement itself: a contract of employment a temporary/building contract

to award verb [T] UK

/wd/ US


to give money or a prize following an official decision: Carlos was awarded first prize in the essay competition.
The jury awarded libel damages of 100,000.[+ two objects] The university has awarded her a $500 travel grant.

pocketful noun [C] UK

/pk.t.fl/ US


as many or as much of something as a pocket will hold: She always takes a pocketful of tissues with her when
she takes the children out.

tear noun [C] /t /


a drop of water that comes from your eye when you cry: Suddenly he burst into tears (= started crying).There were
tears in her eyes as she watched him go.I was in tears (= crying) by the end of the film.

Listening Pg 18

lifetime noun [C] /laftam/

the period of time that someone is alive:[usually singular] We'll see such huge changes in our lifetime.

lorry noun [C] /lri/ UK (UK/US truck)

a large road vehicle for carrying goods from place to place

to surround verb [T] /srand/

to be or go everywhere around something or someone: The house is surrounded by a large garden.
The police have surrounded the building, the surrounding countryside
be surrounded by sb/sth to have a lot of people or things near you: She's surrounded by the people she loves.

community noun /kmjunti/

the people living in a particular area: a rural/small community
a group of people with the same interests, nationality, job, etc:the business/Chinese community

orphan noun [C] /f n/

a child whose parents are dead

orphanage noun [C] /f nd/

a home for children whose parents are dead

refugee noun [C] /refjdi/

someone who has been forced to leave their country,especially because of a war:a refugee camp

refuge noun /refjud/

protection from danger or unpleasant conditions:We took refuge from the storm in an old barn.
a place where you are protected from danger:a refuge for homeless people

condition noun /knd n/

the state that something or someone is in:My bike's a few years old but it's in really good condition.He's in no
condition (= not well enough) to travel.

sort of


used to describe a situation approximately:It's a sort of pale orange colour.

to sound verb /sand/

sound good/interesting/strange, etcA2 to seem good/interesting/strange, etc, from what you have
heard or read: Your job sounds really interesting.

amazingly adverb UK /-li/ US

Amazingly enough, no one else has applied for the job.The food was amazingly good.

malnutrition noun [U] /mlnjutr n/

a serious illness caused by having too little food

involved adjective /nvlvd/

be/get involved (in/with sth)B2 to do things and be part of an activity or event: How did you get involved
in acting?

kayak noun [C] /kak/

a light, narrow boat, usually for one person, which you move using a paddle (= stick with a wide, flat part)
kayaking noun [U] the activity of travelling in a kayak

challenge noun /tlnd/

something that is difficult and that tests someone's ability or determination: Finding
a decision that pleases everyone is the challenge which now faces the committee.

consecutive adjective /knsekjtv/

Consecutive events, numbers, or periods of time come one after the other: the third consecutive day of rain

consecutively adverb Tickets are numbered consecutively from 1 to 100.

marathon noun [C] /m n/

a race in which people run for about 26 miles/42 km: the London marathon, a marathon runner

charity noun /t ti/

an official organization that gives money, food, or help to people who need it: The raffle will raise money for
charity. A percentage of the company's profits go to charity.

to sponsor verb [T] /spns /


to give money to someone to support an activity, event, or organization, sometimes as a way

to advertise your company or product: The event is sponsored by local companies.

to suggest verb [T] /sdest/

to express an idea or plan for someone to consider:[+ (that)] I suggest that we park the car here
and walk into town.[+ doing sth] He suggested having the meeting at his house.

risky adjective /rski/

dangerous because something bad might happen: Investing in shares is always a risky business.

rainforest noun [C] /renfrst/

a forest with a lot of tall trees where it rains a lot: a tropical rainforest

to infest verb [T] /nfest/

If insects, animals, weeds (= plants you do not want), etc infest a place, they cause problems by being there
in large numbers:[often passive] The hotel was infested with cockroaches.

to fall asleep/ill/still, to start to sleep/become sick/become quiet, etc: I fell asleep on

the sofa watching TV.

to suffer from sth

to have an illness or other health problem: She suffers from severe depression.

boiling adjective

/bl/ (ALSO boiling hot, )INFORMAL

very hot: It's boiling in here!

humidity noun [U]


a measurement of how much water there is in the air

lunchtime noun [C, U] /lntam/

the time when lunch is eaten

paddle noun /pdl/

a short pole with one flat end that you use to make a small boat move through the water

current noun /kr nt/

the natural flow of air or water in one direction: a current of air dangerous/strong currents

exhausted adjective


very tired: I'm too exhausted to take the dog for a walk tonight.

to melt verb


If something melts, it changes from a solid into a liquid because of heat and if you melt something, you heat it
until it becomes liquid: The sun soon melted the ice on the pond. The chocolate had melted in my pocket.

blister noun [C] /blst /


a painful, raised area of skin with liquid inside, that you get if your skin has been rubbed or burned, or
a similar area on a painted surface

bandage noun [C] / ndd/

a long piece of soft cloth that you tie around an injured part of the body

at times
sometimes: At times, I wish I didn't have to go to school.
Listening Pg 20

cotton wool noun [U] UK (US cotton)

a soft mass of cotton, usually used for cleaning your skin

bright adjective /brat/

having a strong, light colour: bright yellow/blue
full of light or shining strongly:bright sunshineThe room is small but bright.

superstitious adjective /supsts/

believing that particular objects or events are lucky or unlucky:Are you superstitious about the number 13?

to drive sb crazy/mad/wild, etc

to make someone feel crazy, annoyed, or excited: That noise is driving me mad.

to scratch verb /sk t/

to rub your skin with your nails, often to stop it itching (=feeling unpleasant):My skin was so itchy, I was
scratching all night. He scratched his head.

to itch verb /t/

If a part of your body itches, it feels uncomfortable and you want to rub it with your nails:
Woollen sweaters make my arms itch.

to set off phrasal verb with set /set/ verb (


to start a journey: What time are you setting off tomorrow morning?

furious adjective /fjris/

extremely angry: He's furious at the way he's been treated. My boss was furious with me.

tiny adjective /tani/

extremely small: a tiny baby, a tiny little room

terrified adjective /terfad/

very frightened: I'm terrified of flying.[+ (that)] Maggie was terrified that her parents would discover the truth.

starving adjective /stv/

dying because there is not enough food: starving people
very hungry: I'm absolutely starving.

enormous adjective


extremely large: This living room is enormous. They spent an enormous amount of money on the project.

freezing adjective /friz/


very cold: It's absolutely freezing in here.

filthy adjective /fli/

extremely dirty: Wash your hands, they're filthy!

delighted adjective /dlatd/

very pleased:[+ to do sth] I'd be delighted to accept your invitation. They are delighted with their new car.

hilarious adjective


extremely funny: They all thought the film was hilarious.

hilariously adverb hilariously funny

positive adjective /pztv/

certain that something is true: "Are you sure you saw him?" "Absolutely positive."[+ (that)] I'm positive that
I switched it off.

amazed adjective /mezd/

extremely surprised: I was amazed at the price.[+ (that)] I was amazed that Paul recognized me.