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Vocabulary Unit 10

10 A

dishwasher noun [C]

/dw.r/ /-w./

a machine that washes dirty plates, cups, forks, etc.

windscreen noun [C]


UK (US windshield, /-ild/ ) the window at the front of a car, truck, etc.

windscreen wiper noun [C usually plural]

UK (US windshield wiper)

one of two long metal and rubber parts that move against a windscreen to remove rain

disposable adjective



describes a product that is intended to be thrown away after use: disposable nappies a disposable camera
daily disposable contact lenses

to dispose of sth phrasal verb with dispose

/dspz/ verb

to get rid of something, especially by throwing it away: How did they dispose of the body?

nappy noun [C]

/np i UK (US diaper)

a square of thick soft paper or cloth that is fastened around a baby's bottom and
between its legs to absorb its urine and solid waste

Tipp-Ex noun [U]


a white liquid used for painting over mistakes in a piece of writing

bulletproof adjective


Something that is bulletproof prevents bullets from going through it: bulletproof glass a bulletproof vest

servant noun [C]


someone who works and lives in someone else's house doing their cooking and cleaning, especially in the

apparently adverb


used to say that you have read or been told something although you are not certain it is true: Apparently it's
going to rain today.

eco-friendly adjective


describes a product that is designed so that it does not damage the environment: eco-friendly washing powder

biodegradable adjective


Biodegradable substances decay naturally without damaging the environment.

Kevlar noun [U]


a very strong artificial material that is not damaged by high temperatures: Helmets and bulletproof vests are
often made out of Kevlar.

logo noun [C]


a design or symbol used by a company to advertise its products: a corporate logo

share noun [C]


one of the equal parts that the value of a company is divided into when it is owned by a group of people:
to buy/sell shares We own shares in a number of companies. Share prices have fallen for the third day running.

tin noun


METAL CONTAINER [C] UK (UK/US can)B1 a metal container in which food is sold: a tin of beans/soup

board game noun [C]

a game such as chess that is played on a board

fundamental adjective


relating to the most important or main part of something: a fundamental change/difference Training
is fundamental to success.
fundamentally adverb The world has changed fundamentally over the last century.

carol noun [C]

/krl/ ( ALSO Christmas carol)

a song that people sing at Christmas

10 B

noun [C] (FOR CHILDREN) / /n.s-/
a place where young children and babies are taken care of while their parents are at work: Does Jake go to a
nursery or a childminder?

noun [C or U]

/ /-dr-/

US the first year of school, for children aged five UK FOR nursery school

headteacher noun [C]

(US USUALLY principal, UK ALSO head)
someone who is in charge of a school

/ /hedti .t/ MAINLY UK

headmaster noun [C]

/hedm.str/ /hedms t/ MAINLYUK

a male headteacher

principal noun [C]


/ US

the person in charge of a school or college for children agedbetween approximately eleven and 18

tutor noun [C]

/ /tu t/

a teacher who works with one student or a small group, either at a British college or university or in
the home of a child: His tutor encouraged him to read widely in philosophy. During my illness I was taught by
a series of home tutors.

lecturer noun [C]

/ /-t./ MAINLY UK

someone who teaches at a college or university: a senior lecturer, a lecturer in psychology

to cram verb [I]


/krm/ (-mm-)

to try to learn a lot very quickly before an exam: She's cramming for her history exam.

absent adjective


/ snt/

not in the place where you are expected to be, especially at school or work: John has been
absent from school/work for three days now. We drank a toast to absent friends.

to play truant UK (US usually play hooky)

to be regularly absent from school without permission:Most parents are horrified when
they discover their children have been playing truant from school.

to be on the tip of your tongue

If something that you want to say is on the tip of your tongue, you think you know it and that you will
be able to remember it very soon: Her name is on the tip of my tongue.

register noun


/red..str/ /-st/

a book or record containing a list of names: Guests write their names in the (hotel) register. Is your name on the
register of voters? [C] a book used to record if a child is present at school: If a child is absent,
the teacher notes it down in the (class) register.

term noun


one of the periods of time that the school or university year is divided into: We've got a test at the end of term.

semester noun [C]

/ /smes.t/

one of the periods into which a year is divided at a college or university, especially in the US and Australia:
the first/second semester the spring/fall semester

to spoil verb

/spl/ (PAST TENSE AND PAST PARTICIPLE spoiled, spoilt)

MAKE BAD [T]B1 to stop something from being enjoyable or successful: The picnic was spoiled by

the bad weather. I don't want to spoil the fun, but could you turn the music down a bit?
CHILD [T] If you spoil a child, you let them have anything they want or do anything they want, usually making
them badly behaved.

attitude noun [C, U]


how you think or feel about something and how this makes you behave: a positive attitude He has a
very bad attitude to/towards work.

flowery adjective


Flowery language contains unnecessarily complicated andunusual words:a flowery description

to identify with sb/sth phrasal verb with identify

/adentfa/ verb [T]

to feel that you are similar to someone, and can understand them or their situation because of this: I grew up
on a farm too, so I can identify with his problems.

organized adjective (




An organized person plans things well and does not waste time or effort. OPPOSITE disorganized

Listening SB Pg 79

PE noun [U]

physical education: classes at school wherechildren do exercise and play sport

impersonal adjective


not being friendly towards people or showing any interest in them: a cold and impersonal letter

academic adjective


***CLEVER clever and good at studying

EDUCATIONB2 related to education, schools, universities, etc:academic ability/standardsIt's the start of

the academic year.

SUBJECTS related to subjects that involve thinking and studying and not technical or practical skills:
academic subjects

load noun


a load/loads INFORMALB1 a lot of something: There were loads of people there. Have some more food - there's

curious adjective


INTERESTEDB1 wanting to know or learn about something: I was curious about his life in India. I was curious

to know what would happen next.

Curiosity killed the cat


said to warn someone not to ask too many questions about something

curiosity noun [U]


/kj.ris..ti/ /kjr.i.s ti

an eager wish to know or learn about something: to arouse/excite/satisfy someone's curiosity

I'm burning with curiosity - you must tell me who's won! She decided to call her ex-boyfriend out of curiosity.

to stay on phrasal verb with stay

/ste/ verb

to continue to be in a place, job, or school after the other people who were with you have left:
Gill decided to stay on at university to do further research. We asked him to stay on as youth leader for another year.

especially adverb

/spe.l.i/ (ALSO specially)

very much; more than usual or more than other people or things: She's not especially interested in sport.
I love Australian wines, especially the white wines.

except preposition, conjunction


not including; but not: The museum is open daily except Monday(s).The government has few options except
to keep interest rates high.It's cool and quiet everywhere except in the kitchen. Everyone was there except for Sally.

gang noun [C, + sing/pl verb]


a group of young people, especially young men, who spend time together, often fighting with
other groups and behaving badly: Fights among rival gangs account for most murders in the city.

to bully verb [T]


to intentionally frighten someone who is smaller or weaker than you: He was bullied at school by some older
boys.[+ into + doing sth] She was bullied into leaving.

bullying noun [U]Bullying is a problem in many schools.

favouritism noun [U] UK (US favoritism)


unfair treatment of one person or group in a better way than another

to pick on sb phrasal verb with pick

/pk/ verb [T]

to choose a person and criticize or treat them unfairly: He just started picking on me for no reason.

WB Reading Pg 66

boarding school noun [C]

a school where students live and study

private school noun [C]

a school that does not receive financial support from the government

importance noun [U]


how important someone or something is: He emphasized the importance of following safety procedures.

outsider noun [C]


someone who does not belong to a particular group, organization, or place: The villagers are very suspicious of

to rely on sb/sth phrasal verb with rely

/rla/ verb

to need someone or something in order to be successful, work correctly, etc: Families rely more
on wives' earnings than before.
to trust someone or something:[+ to do sth] I know I can rely on you to help me.

cane noun


STEM [C, U] the long, hard, hollow stem of some plants, sometimes used to make furniture
PUNISH [C] UK a long stick used in the past to hit children at school

to accept verb


to agree to take something that is offered to you: to accept an invitation/offer to accept a job He won't
accept advice from anyone .Do you accept credit cards?
to admit that something is true, often something unpleasant:[+ (that)] He refuses to accept that he's made
a mistake.
to allow someone to join an organization or become part of a group: She's been accepted by two universities.
Many of the refugees have now been accepted into the local community.

tournament noun [C]


a competition with a series of games between many teams or players, with one winner at the end:
a golf/tennis tournament

10 C

Look before you leap proverb

Think carefully about what you are about to do before you do it. I'm not saying you shouldn't sign the lease for that
apartment. I'm just saying you should look before you leap.

hasty adjective


describes something that is done in a hurry, sometimes without the necessary care or thought:
He warned against making hasty decisions. Now let's not leap to any hasty conclusions. We saw the rain and made a
hasty retreat into the bar. I think perhaps we were a little hasty in judging him.


/ adverb"He looks good for his age. Not that 55 is old," she hastily added.


/-ns/ noun [U]

to regret noun [C or U]


a feeling of sadness about something sad or wrong or about a mistake that you have made, and a wish that it
could have been different and better: I left school at 16, but I've had a great life and I have
no regrets.The manager expressed deep regret at/for the number of staffreductions.We think, much to our regret (=
and we are very sorry about this), that we will not be able to visit you next year.

to force sb to do sth verb [T]


PERSONB2 to make someone do something that they do not want to do:[+ to do sth] The hijacker forced

the pilot to fly to New York.[often passive] She was forced out of the race by a knee injury.

satisfied adjective


pleased because you have got what you wanted, or because something has happened in the way that
you wanted: Are you satisfied with the new arrangement? OPPOSITE dissatisfied

satisfaction noun [U]


the pleasant feeling you have when you get something that you wanted or do something that you wanted to
do: job satisfaction She smiled with satisfaction.[+ of + doing sth] I had the satisfaction of knowing that I'd done
everything I could.

WB Listening Exercise Pg 68

to opt verb


opt for sth; opt to do sth to choose something or to decide to do something: Mike opted for early retirement.
Most people opt to have the operation.

to close (sth) down phrasal verb with close

/klz/ verb [I, T]

If a business or organization closes down, or if someone or something closes it down, it stops operating.

to try sth out phrasal verb with try

/tra/ verb

to use something to discover if it works or if you like it: We're going to try out that new restaurant tonight.

in the end
finally, after something has been thought about or discussed a lot: We thought we might
go abroad for Christmas, but in the end we stayed at home.
Revision SB Pg 83

weird adjective


very strange: I had a really weird dream last night.

in fact/in actual fact/as a matter of factB1

used to emphasize what is really true: I was told there were some tickets left, but in actual fact they were sold out.

to herd verb [T]


If people or animals are herded somewhere, they are moved there in a group:[often
passive] The passengers were quickly herded onto a bus.