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eWBB2.

0 UGW9811

Product Description

Issue

01

Date

2012-05-30

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2012. All rights reserved.


No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior
written consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Trademarks and Permissions


and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective
holders.

Notice
The purchased products, services and features are stipulated by the contract made between Huawei and
the customer. All or part of the products, services and features described in this document may not be
within the purchase scope or the usage scope. Unless otherwise specified in the contract, all statements,
information, and recommendations in this document are provided "AS IS" without warranties, guarantees or
representations of any kind, either express or implied.
The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the
preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but all statements, information, and
recommendations in this document do not constitute the warranty of any kind, express or implied.

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.


Address:

Huawei Industrial Base


Bantian, Longgang
Shenzhen 518129
People's Republic of China

Website:

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Email:

support@huawei.com

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Product Description

Contents
About This Document ..................................................................................................................... 5
1 Product Positioning and Features .............................................................................................. 6
1.1 Product Positioning .......................................................................................................................................... 6
1.1.1 3GPP System Architecture Evolution ..................................................................................................... 6
1.1.2 Huawei EPC Solution ............................................................................................................................. 8
1.1.3 NE Functions........................................................................................................................................... 9
1.2 Product Features ............................................................................................................................................. 11

2 Product Architecture ................................................................................................................... 13


2.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................................................ 13
2.2 Hardware Structure......................................................................................................................................... 13
2.2.1 Cabinet .................................................................................................................................................. 13
2.2.2 Subrack ................................................................................................................................................. 14
2.2.3 Boards ................................................................................................................................................... 15
2.3 Software Structure .......................................................................................................................................... 17

3 Configuration ............................................................................................................................... 19
3.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................................................ 19
3.2 Typical Configuration of the UGW9811 (PGP-8) .......................................................................................... 19

4 Operation and Maintenance ..................................................................................................... 21


4.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................................................ 21
4.2 Features of OM............................................................................................................................................... 21

5 Technical Specifications ............................................................................................................ 23


5.1 Performance Specifications ............................................................................................................................ 23
5.2 Cabinet Specifications .................................................................................................................................... 23
5.3 Reliability Specifications ............................................................................................................................... 24
5.4 Safety Specifications ...................................................................................................................................... 24
5.5 EMC Specifications ........................................................................................................................................ 25
5.6 Environment Specifications............................................................................................................................ 25
5.6.1 Storage Environment Requirements ...................................................................................................... 25
5.6.2 Transportation Environment Requirements ........................................................................................... 28
5.6.3 Operating Environment Requirements .................................................................................................. 30

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6 Acronyms and Abbreviations ................................................................................................... 33

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About This Document


Overview
This document describes the network position, product architecture and characteristics, and
related technical specifications of the UGW9811.

Intended Audience
This document is intended for:
l

Huawei technical support

System engineers

Network planning engineers

Change History
Updates between document issues are cumulative. Therefore, the latest document issue
contains all updates made in previous issues.

Issue 01 (2012-05-30)
This is the first commercial release.

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Product Positioning and Features

1.1 Product Positioning


This document is released with the eWBB2.0 Solution. The version of the product
corresponds to UGW9811 V900R009C01.
eWBB2.0 UGW9811, developed by Huawei, is intended for use on the evolved packet core
(EPC) system only. In this document, eWBB2.0 UGW9811 is abbreviated as UGW9811.
The UGW9811 combines the functions of a serving gateway (S-GW) and a PDN gateway
(P-GW).

1.1.1 3GPP System Architecture Evolution


This section describes architectural evolution of the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP)
EPC system.

Introduction to current networks


Wireless technology has undergone a process of development from the Global System for
Mobile Communications (GSM, 2G) to the General Packet Radio Service (GPRS, 2.5G) and
then to the Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS, 3G). Currently, mobile
communications have achieved almost universal coverage, with high-speed wireless data
transmission, and easy access to the Internet. Mobile communications are now providing
multimedia services, such as voice, data, and video, enabling people to communicate with
each other anywhere anytime.
The structures of current networks, however, cannot keep pace with the rapid development
and diversified service requirements. The following issues are major limitations to the current
network structure:
l

The packet switched (PS) domain only supports non-real-time services and the circuit
switched (CS) domain is responsible for implementing voice services. This scheme
means that carriers must deploy PS and CS domains separately, which complicates
network management and maintenance and increases operational expenditure (OPEX).

Data routing and forwarding efficiency is low because of multiple network layers.

Data processing capabilities and radio access technologies (RATs) of mobile stations
(MSs) on current networks have been continuously improving, calling for the
convergence of existing RATs and support for diverse wireless networks.

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Introduction to the EPC network


To strengthen the network competitiveness, 3GPP has been developing enhanced 3G (E3G).
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The E3G air interface technology is Long Term Evolution (LTE).

The LTE core network is system architecture evolution (SAE), also called EPC.

3GPP EPC aims at exploring key communication technologies in the next 10 years. The 3GPP
EPC has the following key features:
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All-IP network: The CS domain no longer exists on EPC networks. Voice services will
be provided by PS domains and IP multimedia subsystem (IMS) networks. The all-IP
network structure will improve network efficiency and performance.

Flat network: The optional co-design of serving gateway (S-GW) and PDN gateway
(P-GW) is supported, providing simplified network deployment and reduced latency.

Multiple RATs: The 3GPP EPC system can interwork with existing 3GPP systems. It
also supports non-3GPP access, and roaming and handovers between 3GPP systems and
non-3GPP systems.

High data rate: The peak uplink rate is 50 Mbit/s and the peak downlink rate is 100
Mbit/s.

Fast deployment: The EPC network can be quickly deployed owing to its simple network
structure, to meet the increasingly diversified service requirements.

Enhanced real-time services: The latency in service connection setup is reduced.

Figure 1-1 shows the 3GPP system architecture evolution.


Figure 1-1 3GPP system architecture evolution

RNC: radio network controller

SGSN: serving GPRS support node

GGSN: gateway GPRS support node

MME: mobility management entity

P-GW: PDN gateway

S-GW: serving gateway

eNodeB: evolved NodeB

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The EPC network is intended to provide high-speed packet data services. It has a less
complex network structure than current core networks, with the following differences:
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The eNodeB can access the EPC network directly. RNC functions are integrated into the
eNodeB.

The functions of the network elements (NEs) in the PS domain are adjusted as follows:

The SGSN signaling plane and forwarding plane are separated. The MME
implements the function of the SGSN signaling plane and the S-GW implements the
function of the SGSN forwarding plane.

The P-GW functions as the GGSN.

The optional co-design of S-GW and P-GW is supported.

The EPC network allows multiple RATs, including non-3GPP access technologies such
as CDMA2000 high rate packet data (HRPD). See Figure 1-2.

Figure 1-2 Multiple RATs supported on the ECP network

1.1.2 Huawei EPC Solution


The EPC solution provided by Huawei meets diverse service and access requirements.
UGW9811 located in EPC(Evolved Packet Core) supports the functions and any combination
of S-GW and P-GW.

Usage of the UGW9811 in the EPC System


Figure 1-3 shows the network environment for the UGW9811 in Huawei EPC solution.

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Figure 1-3 Network environment for the UGW9811 in Huawei EPC solution

eNodeB: evolved NodeB

HSS: home subscriber server

S-GW: serving gateway

MME: mobility management entity

HSGW: HRPD serving gateway

P-GW: PDN gateway

PCRF: policy control and charging rules function

PDSN: packet data service node

The EPC network primarily consists of the following elements:


l

User equipment (UE): initiates and receives calls over air interfaces.

Evolved UMTS terrestrial radio access network (E-UTRAN): implements all functions
related to the radio access.

EPC: core of the EPC network, which consists of the MME, S-GW, P-GW, and HSS, and
connects the EPC network to external packet data networks (PDNs) such as the Internet.

1.1.3 NE Functions
The functions of the major NEs in the EPC solution are as follows.

E-UTRAN
E-UTRAN implements all functions related to the radio access:
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Establishes and manages radio resources.

Compresses packet headers and encrypts user plane data.

Selects an MME when no MME can be identified based on information provided by


UEs.

Implements uplink bearer-level rates based on the UE aggregate maximum bit rate
(AMBR) by using uplink scheduling and maximum bit rate (MBR).

Implements downlink bearer-level rates based on the UE-AMBR.

Controls uplink and downlink data access.

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Marks uplink packets with differentiated services code points (DSCPs) based on QoS
class identifiers (QCIs).

MME
The MME is responsible for mobility management (context management and mobility status
management) of the control plane, and allocates temporary mobile subscriber identities
(TMSIs). The MME implements the following functions:
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Processes non-access stratum (NAS) signaling.

Secures NAS signaling

Manages the reachability of UEs in ECM-IDLE mode, including controlling and


implementing paging retransmissions.

Manages tracking area lists.

Selects a P-GW and S-GW.

Selects an MME upon an inter-MME handover

Performs authentication.

Implements bearer management, including the establishment of dedicated bearers.

Performs lawful interception over signaling services.

S-GW
The S-GW provides gateway functions for the EPC network and provides interfaces to the
E-UTRAN.
The S-GW implements the following functions:
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Serves as a local mobility anchor (LMA) for inter-eNodeB handovers.

Helps the eNodeB with reordering during an inter-eNodeB handover by sending one or
more end markers to the source eNodeB.

Buffers downlink data packets for UEs in ECM-IDLE mode and triggers paging to an
E-UTRAN.

Routes and forwards packets.

Marks uplink and downlink data packets with DSCPs.

Supports subscriber- or QCI-based charging across systems of different carriers.

P-GW
The P-GW is a user-plane mobility anchor between 3GPP networks and non-3GPP networks,
and connects UEs to external PDNs. It provides gateway functions for the EPC network and
provides SGi interfaces to the PDNs.
The P-GW implements the following functions:
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Performs subscriber-based packet filtering using functions such as deep packet


inspection (DPI).

Assigns IP addresses for UEs.

Marks uplink and downlink data packets with DSCPs.

Charges uplink and downlink packets based on service data flows (SDFs) defined by the
policy and charging rules function (PCRF) or DPI policies that are configured on the
P-GW.

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Performs SDF-based gate control on uplink and downlink packets.

Enforces SDF-based traffic policing and shaping for uplink and downlink packets.

Enforces access point name-aggregate maximum bit rate (APN-AMBR)-based traffic


policing for uplink and downlink packets with non-GBR. GBR is short for guaranteed bit
rate.

Enforces GBR-based accumulated traffic policing for downlink SDFs that have the same
GBR QCI.

Provides the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol version 4 (DHCPv4) server/client


function.

Maps uplink and downlink bearers.

Verifies the mapping between uplink and downlink bearers.

1.2 Product Features


The UGW9811 incorporates a carrier-class platform, supports multiple service type, and
provides high reliability and security.

Multiple service type to meet the needs of different scenarios


UGW9811 which made in Huawei supports a variety of standard to access, and it's a product
of multiply logical form, to meet the carrier's demands of a variety of networking of different
operational scenarios at different stages.
Multiple logical product form: UGW9811 supports any combination of the S-GW, P-GW.

Carrier-class Platform
The hardware platform provides a large data throughput, and the software platform seamlessly
integrates the wireless telecommunications technologies and data communications
technologies.
The hardware platform of the UGW9811 is Huawei Universal Switching Router (USR). The
USR is a carrier-class network switching device that conforms to the industry standards. The
software of the UGW9811 is developed based on Huawei Versatile Routing Platform (VRP)
and integrates the routing technology of the VRP, IP quality of service (QoS) technology,
virtual private network (VPN) technology, and security technology in data communications.
In addition, the software provides enhanced functions related to applications in wireless
telecommunication.
The UGW9811 provides a flexible solution to wireless data communications for network
carriers because the hardware platform of the USR provides high reliability and large data
throughput and the software platform seamlessly integrates the wireless telecommunications
technologies and data communications technologies.

High Reliability
In order to ensure the availability of the UGW9811, reliability of hardware, software, and
networking are all focal points when the UGW9811 is designed.
l

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Hardware reliability

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The UGW9811 adopts the industry-leading network processors. The primary boards are
hot-swappable and provide the hot backup function. The UGW9811 uses a dual-power
supply system and has over-voltage and over-current protection.
l

Software reliability
The UGW9811 provides diverse features to ensure software reliability, such as overload
control, traffic control, resource check, automatic fault detection, charging data record
(CDR) cache, and hot patching.

Networking reliability
The UGW9811 provides route backup and route load-sharing modes and the Eth-trunk
interface function to prevent adverse impacts of single-node or single-interface failures
and ensure high network reliability.

High Security
In addition to reliability, carriers and subscribers are also concerned with security.
The UGW9811 adopts the following measures to safeguard their benefits:
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Verification of operator identities.

Two authentication modes: Password Authentication Protocol (PAP) and Challenge


Handshake Authentication Protocol (CHAP).

Packet filtering and access control list (ACL) mechanism for filtering packets based on
preset conditions.

SGi interface redirection to prevent packet attacks between UEs on the same UGW9811.

IPSec for providing IP packets with high-quality, interoperable, and cryptology-based


security.

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Product Architecture

2.1 Overview
The UGW9811 uses the Huawei N68E-22 cabinet. The design of the cabinet complies with
the International Electro Commission 297 (IEC297) and the Institute of Electrical and
Electronics Engineers (IEEE) standards. The modular structure facilitates capacity expansion
and maintenance. The cabinet provides electromagnetic compatibility and uses
electromagnetic shielding interfaces.

2.2 Hardware Structure


2.2.1 Cabinet
Figure 2-1 shows the appearance of the N68E-22 cabinet.

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Figure 2-1 Appearance of the N68E-22 cabinet

2.2.2 Subrack
The subrack is mandatory. It houses the boards of the UGW9811, including the Switching
Route Unit (SRU), Service Processing Unit (SPU), and Line Processing Unit (LPU). Only
PGP-8 subracks are supported for the UGW9811.
Figure 2-2 shows the components installed in the subrack.

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Figure 2-2 Front view of the PGP-8 subrack

1. LPU/SPU

2. SRU

3. LPU/SPU

4. Outlet

5. Anti-static wrist jack

6. Handle

7. Power supply

8. Air intake vent

9. Cable trough

10. Anti-static wrist jack

11. Single board slot

12. Fan

2.2.3 Boards
The UGW9811 has three types of boards: SRU, SPU, and LPU.
Their functions are as follows:
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The SRU is the core circuit board managed by the UGW9811.

The SPU processes services.

The LPU provides physical interfaces to external networks or NEs.

Figure 2-3 shows the typical board layout in the PGP-8 subrack.

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Figure 2-3 Typical board layout in the PGP-8 subrack

SRU: Switching Route Unit

SPU: Service Processing Unit

LPU: Line Processing Unit

SRUs
As the main control unit of the UGW9811, the SRU controls and manages the UGW9811, and
exchanges data. The SRUs work in 1+1 backup mode. The major components of the SRU are
the main control unit, switching unit, clock unit, switching and synchronization clock unit,
and maintenance unit.

SPUs
The SPU performs functions such as service control, user packet forwarding, flow control,
QoS, and content resolution. The SPUs work in load-sharing, N+1 backup, or 1+1
active/standby mode. The 1+1 active/standby mode provides the best service reliability.

LPUs
The LPU provides physical interfaces to external networks. The interfaces include:
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10/100 Mbit/s FE interfaces

1000 Mbit/s GE electrical interfaces

1000 Mbit/s GE optical interfaces

10 Gbit/s GE optical interfaces

The LPU has three modules: LPU module, switching network fabric adapter (FAD) module,
and physical interface card (PIC) module.
The three modules work together to implement fast processing and forwarding of service data.
In addition, they maintain and manage link protocols and forwarding information base (FIB)
tables.

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2.3 Software Structure


Logically, the UGW9811 consists of the access management (AM), service management
(SM), charging management (CM), platform service (PS), operation and maintenance (OM),
and local maintenance terminal (LMT) modules.
Figure 2-4 shows the software structure of the UGW9811.
Figure 2-4 Software structure of the UGW9811

Table 2-1 UGW9811 module description


Module

Description

AM module

Implements multi-role adaptation, access


control, user authentication and
authorization, address assignment, and
bearer management. It connects the
UGW9811 to the access network and other
NEs (SGSN and MME) on the core
network. The AM module enables the
UGW9811 to support multiple RATs.

SM module

Obtains policies and implements the control


function for service data flows.

CM module

Processes charging protocols, manages


CDRs, and works with external charging
gateways and charging systems to
implement charging functions.

PS module

Distributes and processes signaling packets


and data packets of the UGW9811. It works
with relevant modules to perform charging
and service control functions. In addition, it
performs functions such as system support,
OM, and routing.

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Module

Description

Operation and maintenance (OM) module

Provides OM functions such as device


management, data configuration
management, and alarm management.

LMT module

Provides graphical user interfaces (GUIs).

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Configuration

3.1 Overview
Huawei UGW9811 complies with the 3GPP R8 standards and is intended for use on the EPC
network. The UGW9811 is a gateway device deployed between the EPC network and external
PDNs. The UGW9811 routes and encapsulates data packets between radio access networks
and external PDNs.
The general configuration rules are as follows:
l

At least one subrack is required for a UGW9811.

Firewalls or switches are optional in the UGW9811.

3.2 Typical Configuration of the UGW9811 (PGP-8)


There are two types of typical configurations for the UGW9811 (PGP-8): minimum typical
configuration and 1+1 backup configuration.

Minimum Typical Configuration


In the minimum typical configuration, the UGW9811 supports 40000 bearer contexts and 2
Gbit/s throughput (with packet length of 1 KB). Table 3-1 shows the minimum typical
configuration of the UGW9811 (PGP-8).
Table 3-1 Minimum typical configuration of the UGW9811 (PGP-8)
Board

Quantity

SRU

SPU

LPU

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1+1 Backup Configuration


In the 1+1 backup configuration, the UGW9811 supports 40000 bearer contexts and 2 Gbit/s
throughput (with packet length of 1 KB). Table 3-2 shows the full configuration of the
UGW9811 (PGP-8).
Table 3-2 Full configuration of the UGW9811 (PGP-8)
Board

Quantity

SRU

SPU

LPU

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Operation and Maintenance

4.1 Overview
The UGW9811 provides easy-to-use OM. The major OM functionalities that the UGW9811
provides include the LMT that integrates GUIs and command line interfaces (CLIs), access to
Huawei M2000 and operation and maintenance center (OMC), and help.

4.2 Features of OM
Various Management Methods
The UGW9811 enables carriers to build network management systems based on the network
structure, management requirements, and investment scale. The UGW9811 adopts a
client/server distributive processing system, and provides various management methods,
including the GUI, centralized network management and maintenance interface, and CLI. The
UGW9811 also supports simultaneous local and remote access by multiple users.

User-friendly GUI
The UGW9811 provides a user-friendly GUI. The GUI simplifies operations by using a
graphic topology view and device panel. The frequently used operations can be performed by
selecting or clicking items in the menu.

Message Tracing
The UGW9811 provides signaling message tracing, data packet tracing, interface message
tracing, user message tracing, and message explanation functions.

Customizable Performance Measurement


The UGW9811 displays performance measurement data in tables and charts. The UGW9811
also collects performance measurement data in the back administration module (BAM).

Remote Management
The UGW9811 supports online software patching, online commissioning, remote
maintenance, and dynamic data setting.

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Real-time Fault Management


The UGW9811 receives and displays network device fault reports. It provides real-time
audible or visual alarms through the topology view, alarm panel, and alarm box. The
UGW9811 provides detailed fault reports, and the fault management system with leveled
filtering. These measures help carriers to locate faults quickly and rectify faults by performing
the procedures in the help.

Rich Help
The help of the UGW9811 provides help information on the OM system and alarm handling.
Using the help, you can quickly familiarize yourself with the OM of the UGW9811.

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Technical Specifications

5.1 Performance Specifications


This section describes performance specifications, such as the throughput and the number of
tunnels.
Table 5-1 lists the performance specifications of the UGW9811.
Table 5-1 Performance specifications of the UGW9811
Parameter

Specifications

Maximum number of activated bearer


contexts

40,000 (SPUs in active/standby mode)

Maximum data throughput

2Gbit/s (SPUs in active/standby mode)

Maximum number of APNs

11

5.2 Cabinet Specifications


This section describes cabinet specifications, such as the dimensions and power consumption.
Table 5-2 lists the cabinet specifications of the UGW9811.
Table 5-2 Cabinet specifications of the UGW9811
Item

Specifications

Cabinet type

N68E-22 cabinet

Dimensions

Height: 886 mm
Width: 442 mm
Depth: 669 mm

Weight

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220 kg (full configuration)

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Item

Specifications

Load-bearing requirement for the floor in


the equipment room

> 600 kg/m

Power input

-48 V DC to -60 V DC

Typical power consumption of the subrack

650W (Power consumption for a single


board configuration of one subrack)
850W (Power consumption for a single
board configuration of two subrack)

Noise (acoustic power)

Equal to or lower than 72 dBA at 23C


(varying with the ambient temperature)

5.3 Reliability Specifications


This section describes reliability specifications, such as the mean time between failures
(MTBF) and the mean time to repair (MTTR).
Table 5-3 lists the reliability specifications of the UGW9811.
Table 5-3 Reliability specifications of the UGW9811
Item

Specifications

Annual repair and return rate of boards

3%

Availability

99.999%

MTBF

250,000 hours

MTTR

1 hour

Annual mean failure time

< 5 minutes

Board switchover time

< 5 seconds

Board restart time

< 5 minutes

System restart time

< 6 minutes

Start time from system power-on to


service-ready

< 10 minutes

5.4 Safety Specifications


This section describes safety specifications.
The UGW9811 meets the safety requirements stipulated by the following standards:

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UL60950-1

IEC60950-1

EN60950-1

GB4943

5.5 EMC Specifications


This section describes electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) specifications.
The UGW9811 meets the EMC requirements stipulated by the following standards:
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EN55022

ETSI EN 300 386

CISPR22

IEC 61000-4-2

IEC 61000-4-3

IEC 61000-4-4

IEC 61000-4-5

IEC 61000-4-6

IEC 61000-4-29

5.6 Environment Specifications


This section describes environment specifications of the UGW9811. The environment
specifications consist of the storage, transportation, and operating specifications.
The UGW9811 complies with the following standards:
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ETSI EN 300019 environmental conditions and environmental tests for


telecommunications devices

IEC 60721 classification of environmental conditions

5.6.1 Storage Environment Requirements


The storage environment requirements consist of the climate requirements, waterproofing
requirements, biological requirements, air cleanliness requirements, and mechanical stress
requirements.

Climate Requirements
Table 5-4 Climate requirements
Item

Range

Temperature

-40 to +70

Temperature change rate

1/min

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Product Description

Item

Range

Relative humidity

10%RH to 100%RH

Altitude

3000 m

Atmospheric pressure

70 kPa to 106 kPa

Solar radiation

1120 W/s

Heat radiation

600 W/s

Wind speed

30 m/s

Waterproof Requirements
l

Normally, the device should be located indoors. The requirements for the equipment
room are as follows:

There is no water on the ground, and water does not leak into the package.

The device should be placed away from fire-extinguishing devices and heating pipes
that may damage the equipment.

If the equipment has to be placed outdoors, ensure that the following conditions are met:

The package is intact.

Waterproofing measures are taken to prevent rainwater from leaking into the package.

There is no water on the ground where the package is placed, and water does not leak
into the package.

The package is not exposed to direct sunlight.

Biological Requirements
l

There is no propagation of fungus, mildew, or other microorganisms.

There are no rodents, such as mice, in the equipment room.

Air Cleanliness Requirements


l

The air must be free from explosive, conductive, magnetic-conductive, or corrosive dust.

The density of mechanically active substances must comply with the requirements listed
in Table 5-5.

Table 5-5 Requirements for the density of mechanically active substances


Mechanically Active
Substance

Unit

Density

Suspended dust

mg/m

5.00

Deposited dust

mg/mh

20.0

Sand

mg/m

300

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Product Description

Mechanically Active
Substance

Unit

Density

NOTE
l Suspended dust: diameter 75 m
l

Deposited dust: 75 m diameter 150 m

Sand: 150 m diameter 1000 m

The density of chemically active substances must comply with the requirements listed in
Table 5-6.

Table 5-6 Requirements for the density of chemically active substances


Chemically Active
Substance

Unit

Density

SO2

mg/m

0.30

H2S

mg/m

0.10

NO2

mg/m

0.50

NH3

mg/m

1.00

Cl2

mg/m

0.10

HCl

mg/m

0.10

HF

mg/m

0.01

O3

mg/m

0.05

Mechanical Stress Requirements


Table 5-7 Mechanical stress requirements
Item

Sub-item

Range

Sinusoidal vibration

Offset

7.0 mm

Accelerated speed

20.0 m/s

Frequency

2 Hz to 9 Hz

9 Hz to 200 Hz

Impulse response
spectrum II

250 m/s

Static payload

5 kPa

Non-stable impulse

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Product Description

Item

Sub-item

Range

NOTE
l Impulse response spectrum indicates the maximum response curve of the accelerated speed generated
by the equipment under the specified impulse excitation. Impulse response spectrum II means that the
duration of half-sine impulse response spectrum is 6 ms.
l

Static payload indicates the capability of the equipment in package to bear the pressure from the top in
normal pile-up method.

5.6.2 Transportation Environment Requirements


The transportation environment requirements consist of the climate requirements,
waterproofing requirements, biological requirements, air cleanliness requirements, and
mechanical stress requirements.

Climate Requirements
Table 5-8 Climate requirements
Item

Range

Temperature

-40 to +70

Temperature change rate

3/min

Relative humidity

5% to 95%

Altitude

3000 m

Atmospheric pressure

70 kPa to 106 kPa

Solar radiation

1120 W/s

Heat radiation

600 W/s

Wind speed

30 m/s

Waterproof Requirements
The waterproof requirements for transporting the UGW9811 are as follows:
l

The package is intact.

Waterproofing measures are taken to prevent rainwater from leaking into the package.

There is no water on the floor of the transportation vehicle.

Biological Requirements
l

There is no propagation of fungus, mildew, or other microorganisms.

There are no rodents, such as mice, in the vehicle.

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Product Description

Air Cleanliness Requirements


l

The air must be free from explosive, conductive, magnetic-conductive, or corrosive dust.

The density of mechanically active substances must comply with the requirements listed
in Table 5-9.

Table 5-9 Requirements for the density of mechanically active substances


Mechanically Active
Substance

Unit

Density

Suspended dust

mg/m

No requirement

Deposited dust

mg/mh

3.0

Sand

mg/m

100

NOTE
l Suspended dust: diameter 75 m
l

Deposited dust: 75 m diameter 150 m

Sand: 150 m diameter 1000 m

The density of chemically active substances must comply with the requirements listed in
Table 5-10.

Table 5-10 Requirements for the density of chemically active substances


Chemically Active
Substance

Unit

Density

SO2

mg/m

1.00

H2S

mg/m

0.50

NO2

mg/m

1.00

NH3

mg/m

3.00

Cl2

mg/m

0.30

HCl

mg/m

0.50

HF

mg/m

0.03

O3

mg/m

0.10

Mechanical Stress Requirements


Table 5-11 Mechanical stress requirements
Item

Sub-item

Range

Sinusoidal

Offset

7.0 mm

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eWBB2.0 UGW9811
Product Description

Item

Sub-item

Range

vibration

Accelerated
speed

20.0 m/s

40.0 m/s

Frequency

2 Hz to 9 Hz

9 Hz to 200 Hz

200 Hz to 500
Hz

Acceleration
spectrum
density (ASD)

10 m/s

3 m/s

1 m/s

Frequency

2 Hz to 9 Hz

9 Hz to 200 Hz

200 Hz to 500
Hz

Impulse
response
spectrum II

300 m/s

Static payload

10 kPa

Random
oscillation

Non-stable
impulse

NOTE
l Impulse response spectrum indicates the maximum response curve of the accelerated speed generated
by the equipment under the specified impulse excitation. Impulse response spectrum II means that the
duration of half-sine impulse response spectrum is 6 ms.
l

Static payload indicates the capability of the equipment in package to bear the pressure from the top in
normal pile-up method.

5.6.3 Operating Environment Requirements


The operating environment requirements consist of the climate requirements, waterproofing
requirements, biological requirements, air cleanliness requirements, and mechanical stress
requirements.

Climate Requirements
Table 5-12 Requirements for temperature and humidity
Temperature

Relative Humidity

Long-term

Short-term

Long-term

Short-term

5 to 40

-5 to 45

5% to 85%

5% to 90%

NOTE
l The values are measured 1.5 m above the floor and 0.4 m in front of the equipment, without protective
panels in front of or behind the cabinet.
l

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Short term refers to continuous operating for no more than 48 hours or accumulated operating of no
more than 15 days in a year.

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Table 5-13 Other climate requirements


Item

Range

Altitude

3000 m

Atmospheric pressure

70 kPa to 106 kPa

Temperature change rate

0.5/min

Solar radiation

700 W/m

Heat radiation

600 W/m

Wind speed

1 m/s

Biological Requirements
l

There is no propagation of fungus, mildew, or other microorganisms.

There are no rodents, such as mice, in the equipment room.

Air Cleanliness Requirements


l

The air must be free from explosive, conductive, magnetic-conductive, or corrosive dust.

The density of mechanically active substances must comply with the requirements listed
in Table 5-14.

Table 5-14 Requirements for the density of mechanically active substances


Mechanically Active
Substance

Unit

Density

Dust particle

Particle/m

3 x 104 (Requirements are


not being met if within three
days there is visible dust on
the desktop.)

NOTE
Dust particle: diameter 5 m

The density of chemically active substances must comply with the requirements listed in
Table 5-15.

Table 5-15 Requirements for the density of chemically active substances


Chemically Active
Substance

Unit

Density

SO2

mg/m

0.30

H2S

mg/m

0.10

NH3

mg/m

1.00

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Product Description

Chemically Active
Substance

Unit

Density

Cl2

mg/m

0.10

HCl

mg/m

0.10

HF

mg/m

0.01

O3

mg/m

0.05

Mechanical Stress Requirements


Table 5-16 Mechanical stress requirements
Item

Sub-item

Range

Sinusoidal vibration

Offset

3.5 mm

Accelerated speed

10.0 m/s

Frequency

2 Hz to 9 Hz

9 Hz to 200 Hz

Impulse response
spectrum II

100 m/s

Static payload

Non-stable impulse

NOTE
l Impulse response spectrum indicates the maximum response curve of the accelerated speed generated
by the equipment under the specified impulse excitation. Impulse response spectrum II means that the
duration of half-sine impulse response spectrum is 6 ms.
l

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Static payload indicates the capability of the equipment in package to bear the pressure from the top in
normal pile-up method.

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Product Description

Acronyms and Abbreviations

Table 6-1 List of acronyms and abbreviations


Acronym/Abbreviation

Full Name

3GPP

3rd Generation Partnership Project

AAA

Authentication, Authorization and Accounting

AF

Application Function

AM

Access Manager

AMBR

Aggregate Maximum Bit Rate

ARP

Address Resolution Protocol

CAR

Committed Access Rate

CM

Charging Manager

DDoS

Distributed Denial of Service

DHCP

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

DSCP

DiffServ Code Point

eNodeB

Evolved NodeB

EPC

Evolved Packet Core

EPS

Evolved Packet System

E-UTRAN

Evolved UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network

GBR

Guaranteed Bit Rate

GERAN

GSM EDGE Radio Access Network

GTP

GPRS Tunneling Protocol

GW

Gateway

HPLMN

Home Public Land Mobile Network

HSS

Home Subscriber Server

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Product Description

Acronym/Abbreviation

Full Name

IMS

IP Multimedia Subsystem

LAC

L2TP Access Concentrator

LTE

Long Term Evolution

MAG

Mobile Access Gateway

MBMS

multimedia broadcast/multicast service

MBR

Maximum Bit Rate

MME

Mobility Management Entity

OCS

Online Charging System

PCC

Policy and Charging Control

PCEF

Policy and Charging Enforcement Function

PCRF

Policy and Charging Rules Function

PDSN

Packet Data Serving Node

PMIP

Proxy Mobile IP Protocol

QoS

Quality of Service

RAI

Routing Area Identity

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