Maths project

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Maths project

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Pattern

Considering this 2 x 2 system of linear equations:

x + 2y = 3

2x y = -4

While Examining the first equation, we see a pattern in the constants of the

equation, i.e. 1 is the constant preceding the variable x, and 2 precede y and the

equation equals 3. The constants have a common difference of 1 between them:

21=1

32=1

Going forward from this, we can say that the constants in the first equation belong

to an arithmetic series(of progression) with a common difference of 1.

Looking at the second equation, we also observe that the constants are

consecutive members of and arithmetic series(of progression), this time with

common difference of -3.

-1 -2=-3

-4 - (-1) = -3

In the system A1/A2 B1/B2 .Therefore , intersecting lines will be formed and we

will get a unique solution. The point of intersection of the two lines ie.(-1,2) is the

solution. From the graph, we get that x= -1 and y = 2.

3.Examples

1)

2x + 4y = 6 (constants have a common difference (d) of 2)

4x - 2y = -8 (constants have a common difference of (d) -6)

2)

4x +8 y = 12 (common difference of 4)

8x - 4y = -16 (common difference of -12)

5.General statement

Any equation where the constants follow an arithmetic series will give the answer

for y as 2 and for x -1. This suggests that any two lines whose equations that are

similar to these will intersect at the same point

The result suggests that for any two linear equations written in the form:

ax + by = c

dx + ey = f

and there is a common difference in the constants a, b and c, such that:

c-b = b-a

and a common difference in the constants d, e and f, such that:

f-e = e-d

but:

(f-e) or (e-d) (c-b) or (b-a) because if the common difference in the two

equations is the same, this will suggest that the two lines are collinear, and

therefore they will never intersect, and it will not be possible to solve for x and y.

The result will always be (-1,2)

We can generate a general formula for equations similar to these:

let the first term of the first equation be A1 and let if have a common difference of

d.

let the first term of the second equation be B1 and have a common difference of c.

therefore the first equation will look like: A1 x+ (A1 + d) y = (A1 + 2d)

the second equation will look like: B1 x + (B1 + c) y = (B1 +2c)

MATHS

FA 1

project

Syed Sabeeth

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