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MODELTEST14:CSIRNETLIFESCIENCES

1. A small pebble is dropped into the deep sea


from a floating glacier mass. The pebble falls
down, and is then likely to hit the sea bottom
with
1.anacceleratingvelocity

2.adeceleratingvelocity
3.auniformvelocity

4.apulsatingvelocity

2.ThetemperatureatthecentreoftheEarthis
estimatedtobe:

1.<3000oC
2.>4000oC
3.>1000oC

4.2000oC

3. Permanent ice sheet over Antarctica


developedinaearlyCenozoicasaresultof
1.intenseglaciationovertheearth
2. separation of Antarctica from other
continentsleadingtoitsthermalisolation
3.Completestoppageofsolarradiation
4.Extensivevolcanismonearth

4.Whichoneofthesedepositionalenvironment
willbebestforthepreservationoffossils?
1.Bottomofriver.

2.Deserts.
3.Shallowseafloor.

4.Deepseafloor.

5.Afteranearthquake,theepicenterislocated
bynotingatvariousplaces
1. the difference in the arrival times of S & P
waves
2.theintensityoftheearthquake
3.numberofbuildingsdamaged
4.numberofpeopledead

6. The epicenter of a deep focus earthquake is


located
1.ontheearth'ssurface
2.belowadepthof70km
3.between70300km
4.below300km.

7. If the earth's axis of rotation were not tilted,


whichoneofthefollowingstatementswouldbe
TRUE?
1. Equal day and night at all places throughout
theyear
2. Duration of day and night will depend on
latitudebutwillnotchangewithtime.
3.Thepoleswillhavedaylightforsixmonths.
4.Therewillbenoseasons.

8.Foranelementhavingaradioactiveisotopeof
5x109 y halflife, its atomic weight in 5 x 106
yearswill
1.increase

2.decrease
3.remainconstant
4.decreaseto1/1000thofitsinitialvalue.

9. On earth , both incoming and outgoing


radiations show variations with latitude such
that there is heat excess at the equator and
deficit at high latitudes. However, neither the
poles are getting colder not is the equator
gettingwarmerwithtimebecause
1.theearthabledoischangingwithtime.
2.solaractivityischangingwithtime.
3. atmospheric and oceanic circulations
redistributeheat
4. of the buildup of atmospheric green house
gases.

10.Himalayanmountainshaveformedprimarily
asaresultof
1.compressivedeformationbetweenIndianand
Asiantectonicplates.
2. relative uplift of sediments in the Tethys
Oceaninanextensionalsetting
3. strike slip deformation between Indian and
Eurasianplates.
4. extrusion of volcanic material over a long
periodoftimeontheTethysoceanfloor.

11.Photosynthesisinwaterbodiesisrestricted
toacertaindepth.Thisismainlybecause
1.temperaturedecreaseswithdepth
2.lightintensitydecreaseswithdepth
3. dissolved CO2 is available only to a certain
depth
4.nutrientsareavailableonlytoacertaindepth

12. The velocity of P (pressure) and S (shear)


seismic waves depends on the compressibility,
shear modulus and density of the medium. The
inner core of the Earth is inferred to be liquid
usingseismicwavetraveltime.Thisisbecause
1.thedensityoftheinnercoreisthehighest.
2.theinnercorehasaveryhighcompressibility.
3. both P and S waves pass through the inner
core.
4. the S wave does not pass through the inner
core.

13.Oneofthefollowingchemicalsusedasfood
preservativeis
1.sodiumbenzoate

2.sodiumalkylbenzenesulfonate
3.ethyleneglycol
4.asparticacid

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MODELTEST14:CSIRNETLIFESCIENCES
14. Qualitative analysis of Al3+ in presence of
Fe3+andCr3+isbasedon

1.reducingnatureofFe3+
2.oxidizingnatureofCr3+

3.amphotericnatureofFe3+
4.amphotericnatureofAl3+andCr3+

15.Hydrolysisoftbutylchlorideinpresenceof
aqueousalkaliproducestbutylalcohol.
Therateofhydrolysisdependson
1.concentrationoftbutylchloride
2.concentrationofalkali
3.amountofwater
4. concentration of both alkali and tbutyl
chloride

16. The ionization potential (IP) of hydrogen


atomis13.6eV.TheestimatedsecondIPofthe
heliumatom(ineV)is
1.6.8

2.27.2
3.54.4

4.13.6

17. The following molecule has a nonzero


dipolemoment
1.CH4

2.CO2
3.NH3

4.BF3

18.TheoxidationnumberofCrinCrO5is
1.+6

2.+3
3.+10

4.+5

19.Theunitofmolarabsorptivityis:
1.Lmol1cm1
2.L1molcm1

3.Lmolcm1
4.Lmolcm

20. An exothermic reaction will necessarily


followthecondition
1.<0

2.>0
3.=0

4.S=0

21. The electrical conductivity of a crystalline


solidincreaseswithtemperature.Thesolidisa
1.superconductor
2.metal
3.semiconductor
4.semimetal

22.Sucroseisadisaccharideconsistingof
1.glucoseandglucose
2.glucoseandgalactose
3.glucoseandfructose
4.glucoseandmannose

23.Theenergyofa200nmphotonis
1.0.01eV

2.100eV
3.10eV

4.6.2eV

24. Two protons are placed at a distance of


about1013cmfromeachother.Theratioofthe
strength of strong and electromagnetic forces
betweenthemisroughly
1.10.

2.1.
3.103.

4.105.

25. The volume of a thermodynamic system


increasesirreversiblybyanincrementalamount
V. If P is the pressure, the work done on the
systemis
1.W=PV

2.W=PV
3.W<PV
4.W>PV

26. A thermodynamic system is classified as


closedifitcan
1. exchange energy with its surroundings , but
notmatter
2. exchange both energy and matter with its
surroundings
3. exchange neither energy nor matter with its
surroundings
4.exchangeonlymatter,butnotenergy,withits
surroundings

27. Let T be a normal operator on a complex


innerproductspace.ThenTisselfadjointifand
onlyif:
1.AlleigenvaluesofTaredistinct.
2.AlleigenvaluesofTarereal.
3.Thasrepeatedeigenvalues.
4.Thasatleastonerealeigenvalue.

28.A2x2realmatrixAisdiagonalizableifand
onlyif:
1.(trA)2<4DetA.
2.(trA)2>4DetA.
3.(trA)2=4DetA.
4.TrA=DetA.

29.LetAbea3x3complexmatrixsuchthatA3
=I(=the3x3identitymatrix).Then:
1.Aisdiagnonalizable.
2.Aisnotdiagonalizable.
3. The minimal polynomial of A has a repeated
root.
4.AlleigenvaluesofAarereal.

30. A population consists of 10 students. The


marks obtained by one student is 10 less than
the average of the marks obtained by the
remaining 9 students. Then the variance of the
populationofmarks(2)willalwayssatisfy
1.210

2.2=10

4.29

3. 10

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MODELTEST14:CSIRNETLIFESCIENCES
31.Duringproteinsynthesis,Laminoacidbinds
totRNAthrough
1.aminogroup.

2.hydrophobicsidechain.
3.carboxylgroup.

4.carboxylgroupofthesidechain.

32.Thepeptidebondisplanar
1. due to restriction caused by rotation around
cNbond
2.duetorestrictionaroundccbond
3. due to delocalization of the lone pair of
electronsofthenitrogenontocarbonyloxygen
4. because amide protons and carbonyl oxygen
areinvolvedinhydrogenbonding.

33.HydrogenbondlengthwillNOTbe
1. independent of the nature of donor and
acceptoratoms.
2.dependentondonorandacceptoratoms.
3. dependent on the solvent in which the
moleculeisdissolved.
4. dependent on the other atoms bonded with
thedonorandacceptoratom.

34. Why a DNA duplex melts at a specific


temperature(Tm)onheating?
1.Lossofbasestackingenergy
2.Thedoublehelixisintrinsicallyunstable
3.Thesinglehelixismorestableascomparedto
thedoublehelix
4. The DNA double helix is a cooperative
structurestabilizedbyhydrogenbondsandbase
pairing

35. Lipid bilayers can be formed by


phospholipidswhichhavevariableheadgroups
and fatty acyl chains. The fluidity of the
membranewilldependon
1.onlythenatureofheadgroups.
2. only the length of the fatty acid chains
irrespectiveoftheextentofunsaturation.
3.onlyunsaturationirrespectiveofthelengthof
thefattyacidchains.
4.lengthanddegreeofunsaturationoffattyacid
chains.

36.WhichoneofthefollowingRNAmoleculesis
involvedinregulationofgeneexpression?
1.miRNA

2.rRNA
3.5SRNA

4.tRNA

37. In which organelle is NADP+ the final


electronacceptor?
1.Onlychloroplast
2.Onlymitochondrion
3.Lysosome
4.Bothchloroplastandmitochondrion

38.WhentheK'q=1,Gisequalto
1.1.

2.0.

3.+1.

4.10.

39.ConsiderthefollowingcomputerProgram,if
eachcycletakes1Sec,thenwhatwouldbetotal
timetakenbyprogramtocomplete
START
N=20
IF
N>10

N=N1
WHENN=10
N=20
IF
N<10

N=N1
N=10
STOP
1.1sec

2.20sec

3.400sec

4.Infinite

40.Fillthevaluesofxandyin1xy1forDecimal
number15inBinarycodes
1.x=0,y=0

2.x=0,y=0
3.x=1,y=1

4.x=1,y=0

41.Amicroarrayisalargecollectionofspecific
DNA oligonucleotides spotted in a defined
patternonamicroscopeslide.Whatisthe
most useful experiment that can be done with
suchatool?
(1) Predicting the presence of specific
metabolitesinacell
(2) Comparing newly synthesized nuclear RNA
withcytoplasmicRNAtolocateintrons
(3) Comparing RNA produced under two
differentphysiologicalconditionstounderstand
patternsofgeneexpression
(4) Comparing proteins produced under two
differentphysiologicalconditionstounderstand
theirfunction

42.Invertebrategenes,transcriptionregulatory
regionsthatcontainCpGislandsareinactivated
bywhichCpGmodification?
(1)Methylation
(2)Myristylation
(3)Phosphorylation
(4)Acetylation

43. All of the following are proteins within the


corenucleosomeparticleEXCEPT
(1)H1

(2)H2A
(3)H2B

(4)H3

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MODELTEST14:CSIRNETLIFESCIENCES
44. In a study of arginine biosynthesis in yeast,
four mutant haploids requiring arginine (Arg)
were isolated. The Arg haploids were fused in
pairwise combinations to form diploids, whose
requirementforargininewastested.Theresults
of the tests were that all diploid combinations
yielded arginine prototrophs. How many
different Arg genes are represented among the
fourmutants?
(1)One

(2)Two
(3)Three

(4)Four

45. A set of genes from Bacillus subtilis that


encode the proteins required for sporulation
have conserved DNA sequences 35 and 10
nucleotides before the site of transcript
initiation, although the sequence at 35 is
different from that seen in most other genes
from that species. Which of the following best
explainsthisdifference?
(1) A novel sigma factor is required for
transcriptioninitiationatthesegenes.
(2) The 35 sequence is the binding site for a
repressoroftranscription.
(3) The replication of these genes requires a
specificallymodifiedDNApolymerase.
(4) Translation of the mRNAs transcribed from
these genes requires specific ribosomes that
recognizeamodifiedShineDalgarno
sequence.

46. Acetyl CoA, the cytoplasmic substrate for


fatty acid synthesis, is formed in mitochondria.
The inner mitochondrial membrane is
impermeable to acetyl CoA. Which of the
following compounds is the form in which the
carbon of acetyl CoA is transported to the
cytoplasm?
(1)Malate

(2)Acetate
(3)Citrate

(4)Pyruvate

47. Which of the following groups of enzymes


areuniquetotheCalvincycle?
(1) Ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase,
phosphoribulokinase, and sedoheptulose 1,7
bisphosphatase
(2) Ribose 5phosphate isomerase, epimerase,
andaldolase
(3)Glyceraldehyde3phosphatedehydrogenase,
phosphofructokinase,andphosphoenolpyruvate
carboxylase
(4) Phosphoglycolate phosphatase, glycerol
kinase,andserinesynthetase

48. Which of the following best describes the


hyperchromicityofDNA?
(1) The shift in UV absorbance to longer
wavelengthsupondenaturation
(2) The shift in UV absorbance to shorter
wavelengthsuponhydrolysis
(3)Theincreaseinabsorbanceat260nmupon
annealing
(4)Theincreaseinabsorbanceat260nmupon
denaturation

49.Isopentenylpyrophosphateisaprecursorof
whichofthefollowing?
I.Cholesterol

II.Farnesylgroupsonproteins
III.Steroidhormones
(1)Ionly

(2)IandIIonly
(3)IandIIIonly

(4)I,II,andIII

50.Cytokinesisinanimalcellsiscausedby
(1) the sliding movements of a band of
microtubules around the circumference of the
cell
(2) the contraction of a band of actin filaments
aroundthecircumferenceofthecell
(3)themovementofthemitoticspindlefibers
(4)endocytosisoftheplasmamembranearound
theequatorofthecell

51. The synthesis of mRNAs that encode the


proteinsofeukaryoticribosomesoccursinthe
(1)cytoplasm

(2)nuclearenvelope
(3)nucleolus

(4)euchromatin

52.WhichofthefollowingisNOTaconsequence
ofincreasedcellularlevelsofcAMP?
(1)Activationofakinasecascade
(2)ActivationofthetransducinGprotein
(3) Increased phosphorylation of glycogen
phosphorylase
(4)Inhibitionofglycogensynthesis

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MODELTEST14:CSIRNETLIFESCIENCES

53. The oxygen consumption of marine crabs


acclimatedtoeither10Cor20Cwasmeasured
atenvironmentaltemperaturesof5Cto25Cto
producethefollowinggraph.

Which of the following can be correctly


concludedfromtheinformationinthegraph?
(1)Acclimationtemperaturedoesnotaffectthe
rateofoxygenconsumption.
(2) Crabs have higher rates of oxygen
consumptionwhenmeasuredat10Cthanwhen
measuredat20C.
(3) Oxygen consumption is higher in the 10C
acclimated crabs than in the 20Cacclimated
crabsateachtesttemperature.
(4)Acclimationtoahightemperatureinducesa
high rate of oxygen consumption at all test
temperatures.

54.Theoutermosttissueofatreetrunkthatis6
feetindiameterwouldmostlikelybe
(1)epidermis
(2)cork
(3)cortex

(4)xylem

55. Which of the following is the tissue that is


most important in plant survival during
droughtsandwhy?
(1) Vascular tissue, because the phloem keeps
theplantsuppliedwithwater
(2)Vasculartissue,becausethexylemcanstore
considerableamountsofwater
(3) Ground tissue, because water can be stored
inthesclerenchymaforuseduringdroughts
(4) Ground tissue, because the parenchymal
tissue provides hormonal cues to stop water
loss

56. Which of the following cells or tissues are


characteristicallyfoundintheroots,butnotthe
stems,ofangiosperms?
(1)Parenchymaandcollenchymas
(2)Epidermisandcork
(3)Pericycleandendodermis
(4)Vesselelementsandtracheids

57.Cyclinsareproteinsinvolvedinregulationof
(1)cellcycleproteinkinases

(2)circadianrhythms
(3)synthesisofcAMP

(4)Caspaces

58. A piece of prospective belly epidermis of a


newt neurulastage embryo is grafted to the
prospective mouth region of a frog neurula,
replacingthefrogepidermaltissueatthatspot.
The grafted embryo continues to develop and
formsanewtmouthandteethatthepositionof
thegraft.Thisresultisconsistentwithwhichof
thefollowing?
(1) Newt tissue develops autonomously
according to its original fate, despite its new
locationinthefrogembryo.
(2) Newt tissue dedifferentiates whenever it is
grafted.
(3)Tissuesofthefrogneurulainducethenewt
tissue to express frogspecific genes that it
wouldnotnormallyexpress.
(4) The frog tissues of the neurula induce the
newttissuetoformmouthparts.

59. Some chemoautotrophic bacteria living


around deepsea vents obtain their energy by
converting
(1)alcoholstoaldehydes
(2)hydrogensulfidetoelementalsulfur
(3)carbondioxideandhydrogentomethane
(4)ironoxidestoiron

60. The ability of a desert rodents kidneys to


form highly concentrated urine is largely
attributableto
(1)ahighglomerularfiltrationrate
(2)theproductionofaverysaltyultrafiltratein
theglomerulus
(3) the ability of cells lining the proximal
convolutedtubuletoabsorbwater
(4)longloopsofHenlethatpassthroughtissues
ofincreasingsaltconcentrations

61.Inaplantgrowingvigorouslyundernormal
conditionswithoutwaterstress,inwhichtissue
would you expect to find the lowest (most
negative)waterpotential?
(1)Rootepidermalcell
(2)Rootcorticalparenchyma
(3)Rootendodermis

(4)Leafmesophyllparenchyma

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MODELTEST14:CSIRNETLIFESCIENCES

62. In organisms with closed circulatory


systems, fluid leaves the blood of capillary
networks at the arterial end and returns to
blood at the venous end for which of the
followingreasons?
(1) Osmotic pressure increases prior to
dehydration.
(2) Osmotic pressure difference dominates at
thearterialend;hydrostaticpressuredifference
dominatesatthevenousend.
(3) Hydrostatic pressure difference dominates
at the arterial end; osmotic pressure difference
dominatesatthevenousend.
(4)Hydrostaticpressuredropsduringdiastole.

63. Which of the following mineral nutrients is


directly involved in light absorption during
photosynthesis?

(2)Mn2+
(1)Zn2+

(3)Cu2+
(4)Mg2+

64. Most of the dry mass of a plant is derived


from
(1)mineralsfromthesoil

(2)carbonfromthesoil
(3)carbonfromtheatmosphere
(4)oxygenfromtheatmosphere

65. Chlorophylls a and b are two pigments


primarily responsible for the capture and
processingofsolarenergyinthelightreactions
of photosynthesis. Which of the following best
explains why having both chlorophyll a and b
benefitsaplantmorethanhavingone?
(1) Chlorophylls a and b have slightly different
absorption spectra; this expands the range of
wavelengthsoflightthatcanbecaptured
forphotosynthesis.
(2) Chlorophyll a is primarily involved in
electron transfer; chlorophyll b is mainly
involvedinthecaptureoflightenergy.
(3) Chlorophyll a captures all the solar energy;
chlorophyll b serves to protect chlorophyll a
fromoverexcitation.
(4) Chlorophyll b captures all the solar energy;
sincechlorophyllaisaprecursortochlorophyll
b,apoolofchlorophyllamustbemaintained.

66. The Calvin cycle, the dark reactions or


carbon fixation reactions of photosynthesis,
cannotoccuratnightinalivingplant.Whichof
thefollowingbestdescribeswhythisistrue?
(1) The stomata are incapable of opening at
night,thusCO2cannotentertheleaf.

(2) The reactions of the Calvin cycle are


dependent on light reactions for highenergy
compounds.
(3) Several enzymes necessary for Calvin cycle
activityhavebeendegradedduringthedayand
mustbereplaced.
(4) Light is required to transport the water
necessaryforthecycle.

67. If the egg cell of a megagametophyte of a


floweringplanthasamarkergenedesignatedas
Xandthespermcellofacompatiblepollengrain
hasamarkergenedesignatedasY,whichofthe
following represents the endosperm that will
result from fertilization in most flowering
plants?
(1)XX

(2)YY
(3)XY

(4)XXY

68. Ca2+ is important in skeletal muscle


contractionbecauseit
(1)activatesthemyosinATPasebybindingtoit
(2) binds to troponin to remove a constant
inhibitionofcrossbridgeattachment
(3) prevents the formation of bonds between
themyosincrossbridgesandtheactinfilament
(4) isrequiredto detach themyosin head from
theactinfilament

69.Whichofthefollowingstructurespresentin
the embryos of higher plants develops into the
primaryrootoftheseedling?
(1)Epicotyl

(2)Hypocotyl
(3)Cotyledon
(4)Radicle

70.Whichofthefollowingstatementsaboutthe
motilityofParameciumistrue?
(1)Parameciumemploysapseudopod.
(2)Parameciumhasnostructuresformotility.
(3)Parameciumusesasingleflagellum.
(4)Parameciumusescilia.

71. In the cellular slime molds, the aggregation


ofmyxamoebasisinitiatedby
(1)lowlightintensities
(2)highpH
(3)uptakeofchlorideion

(4)secretionofcyclicAMP

72. A unicellular eukaryote that contains


chlorophyll a (but no chlorophyll b), that
functions as one of the major photosynthetic
autotrophs in openocean ecosystems, and that
hascellwallsthatcontainsilicaisa
(1)redalga

(2)greenalga
(3)dinoflagellate

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MODELTEST14:CSIRNETLIFESCIENCES
(4)euglenoid

73.Dikaryotichyphaeareakindoffungaltissue
that
(1)containtwochromosomes
(2) form after plasmogamy and before
karyogamy
(3)areonlyashortstageofthelifecycleofthe
Basidiomycota
(4)areformedbythefusionoftwonuclei

74.Saprophyticfungiobtaintheirnutritionby
(1) taking food into their gastrovascular cavity,
andthendigestingandabsorbingit
(2)makingfoodbychemosynthesis
(3) secreting digestive enzymes into the
environment and then absorbing the digestive
products
(4)usingtheiramoeboidcellsinphagocytosis

75. An animal with a coelom, jointed


appendages, and metameric segmentation
wouldbeclassifiedinthephylum
(1)Mollusca

(2)Cnidaria
(3)Platyhelminthes
(4)Arthropoda

76. Which of the following animal phyla is


diploblastic,thatis,exhibitsonlytwoembryonic
germlayers?
(1)Rotifera

(2)Mollusca
(3)Nematoda
(4)Cnidaria

77.Whichofthefollowingdescribesmembersof
boththeBryophytaandthePteridophyta?
(1)Theabsenceoftrueroots

(2)Theabsenceofswimmingsperm
(3)Theabsenceofmeristematicgrowth
(4)Thepresenceofchlorophyll

78. In sporophytes of some mosses, a ring of


peristometeethregulates
(1)spermrelease
(2)sporedispersal
(3)sporegermination
(4)asexualreproduction

79. Which of the following characterizes


dicotyledonousplants?
(1)Theirflowersalwayshavesuperiorovaries.
(2)Theirseedsusuallycontaintwoembryos.
(3)Theirstemshavescatteredvascularbundles.
(4)Theirflowersusuallyhavepartsinmultiples
offourorfive.

80. All of the following allow hermaphroditic


animalspeciestoavoidinbreedingEXCEPT
(1)functioningasonlyonesexduringmating
(2)releasingeggsandspermsimultaneously

(3)beingprotandrous

(4)beingprotogynous
81.Allofthefollowingoccurduringthecleavage
stageofanimaldevelopmentEXCEPT
(1) an increase in the nucleartocytoplasmic
ratioofthecells
(2)anincreaseinthenumberofblastomeres
(3)anincreaseinthemassoftheembryo
(4)anincreaseinthesurfacetovolumeratioof
thecells

82.PlantsthatutilizephotosynthesisviatheC4
pathway differ from those that use the C3
pathway in that at higher temperatures the C4
plants
(1)arelessproductiveperunitareaofleaf
(2)aremoreproductiveperunitareaofleaf
(3)cantoleratelowerlightconditionsbetter
(4)carryonhighlevelsofphotorespiration

83.Alateralrootformsontheprimaryrootofa
typicalherbaceousdicotby
(1) continued growth of a root hair on an
epidermalcell
(2)lateraloutgrowthofxylem
(3) lateral outgrowth from the root apical
meristem
(4)activationofanareainthepericycletoform
anapicalmeristem

84. The leaves of grasses can continue to


elongate following mowing or grazing due to
actively growing tissue at the base of the leaf
bladesandsheathscalled
(1)apicalmeristems

(2)lateralcambium
(3)intercalarymeristems

(4)axillarybuds

85.Theamountofenergyenteringafoodchain
dependsonthe
(1)directionofenergyflowinthesystem
(2)efficiencyofenergyrecyclinginthesystem
(3)biomassofcarnivoresandtheirefficiencyin
locatingandcapturinganimalprey
(4)biomassofautotrophsandtheirefficiencyin
transformingsolarenergyintochemicalenergy

86. Two plant species cooccur in a prairie.


Species X always occurs near species Y.
However, species Y often occurs in isolation
from species X and produces more seeds when
alone than when growing next to species X.
Which of the following interactions between
speciesXandYcouldgeneratethispattern?
(1) Competition, in which Y is superior to X in
accumulatingresources

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MODELTEST14:CSIRNETLIFESCIENCES
(2)Mutualism,inwhichbothXandYbenefitby
exchangingresources
(3) Parasitism, in which X benefits from
resources produced by Y and reduces the
growthofYbydoingso
(4) Commensalism, in which X benefits from
resourcesproducedbyYbutdoesnotaffectthe
growthofYbydoingso

87. In the endosymbiont hypothesis for the


originofeukaryoticcells,whichofthefollowing
isproposedastheroleofcyanobacteria?
(1)Theybecomethechlorophyllofplantcells.
(2)Theyaretheancestorofmitochondria.
(3)Theyaretheancestorofthechloroplasts.
(4) They lose their DNA and become the
vacuolesofplantcells.

88. The process of speciation can be prevented


by
(1)geneticdifferentiation

(2)geographicalbarriers
(3)inhibitionofgeneexchange
(4)geneflow

89. Small body size often allows animals to


exploitdeserthabitatsbecauseit
(1)decreasestheratioofsurfaceareatovolume
andhencethetendencytolosewater
(2)promotesheatgain
(3)enhancesthermalinertia
(4) enables exploitation of favorable
microhabitats

90. All of the following are strategies used by


potentialpreytoavoidpredationEXCEPT
(1)mimeticcoloration (2)erraticflight
(3)crypticcoloration (4)lekking

91. The amount of genotypic variation in a


naturalpopulationcanbeincreasedbyallofthe
followingEXCEPT
(1)mutation

(2)recombination
(3)immigration
(4)inbreeding

92. The graph above illustrates a simplified


description of the effect of disturbance on

species diversity. Which of the following best


explainsthegraph?
(1) Productivity is enhanced at intermediate
levelsofdisturbance.
(2) Stabilizing selection occurs at intermediate
levelsofdisturbance.
(3) The interaction of physical factors and
biological competition increases diversity at
intermediatelevelsofdisturbance.
(4) Directional selection is enhanced by
increaseddisturbance.

93.PlantshavingC4metabolismarecommonin
allofthefollowingregionsEXCEPT
(1)taiga

(2)warmdeserts
(3)tropicalgrasslands

(4)tropicalagriculturalareas

94.Thegraphsaboveshowthattherelationship
between atmospheric CO2 and mean global
temperatureis
(1)apositivecorrelation
(2)aninverserelationship
(3)acauseandeffectrelationship
(4)evidenceofanimpendingiceage

95. Which of the following is NOT a hypothesis


explainingtheadvantageofgroupliving?
(1)Vigilanceeffect

(2)Dilutioneffect
(3)Groupforaging

(4)Parasiteavoidance

96.Thegraphsaboveshowthesurvivorshipand
fecundity curves for two congeneric species, X
andY,thatarefoundindifferenthabitats.Ofthe
twospecies,Yismorelikelyto
(1) come from a disturbed habitat in early
succession
(2)havealongergenerationtime
(3)havealowerfecundity

(4)havealongerlifespan

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97. If average family size for the human
populationcouldbeimmediatelyreducedtotwo
childrenpercouple,thepopulationwould
(1)remainconstant

(2)beginanimmediatedecline
(3)continuetoincreasefor20to40years
(4)continuetoincreaseindefinitely

98.Thefigureaboveillustratestherelationship
between population density in the present
generation (Nt ) and population density in the
next generation (Nt+1). The dashed reference
line has a slope of 1. Which of the following
represents equilibrium density of this
population?
(1)I

(2)II
(3)III

(4)IV

99. Reproductive value (Vx ) calculated from


populationlifetabledataprovidesameasureof
the
(1)contributionofanindividualofage xtothe
future growth of the population relative to a
newbornscontribution
(2) average number of offspring produced by a
femaleduringageintervalx
(3) proportion of available resources allocated
toreproductioninindividualsinpopulationx
(4)probabilityofoffspringsurvivingtoageclass
x

100.Lifehistorycharacteristicsassociatedwith
Kselectedorganismsinclude
(1) rapid reproductive rates, short generation
times,andlargebodysize
(2) repeated reproduction, few progeny, and
largebodysize
(3) inhabiting early successional state
communities, rapid maturation rates, and
numerouslargeoffspring
(4) inhabiting climax communities, many small
offspring,andshortlifespan

101. The logistic equation above is used to


describe the rate of change of a population, N,
with time, t, where r is the intrinsic rate of

increaseandKisthecarryingcapacity.Whichof
the following statements is true for this
equation?
(1)Foragivenpopulation,risvariable.
(2)Foragivenenvironment,Kisvariable.
(3)AsNapproachesK,dN/dtapproaches0.
(4)AsNapproachesK,dN/dtapproachesK.

102. Which of the following biomes is


characterizedbyawet,mildwinterandawarm,
drysummer?
(1)Taiga

(2)Tundra
(3)Chaparral

(4)Tropicalrainforest

103.Ifaspeciesisakeystonepredator,thenits
removalfromacommunityshould
(1) decrease population size of the predators
preferredprey
(2) decrease species diversity in the prey
community
(3) decrease productivity of the predators
preferredprey
(4) increase species diversity in the prey
community

104. The diagram above depicts three general


types of survivorship curves. Only the form of
the curve is important, not its absolute scale.
Which of the following statements is LEAST
likelytobetrue?
(1)NearlyconstantmortalityresultsinaTypeII
curve.
(2)Afishthatlaysvastnumbersofeggsexhibits
aTypeIIIcurve.
(3) Currently, human populations in the India
generallyexhibitaTypeIcurve.
(4) A species with high juvenile mortality and
highadultsurvivorshipresultsinaTypeIcurve.

105. All of the following may be considered as


sitesforsecondarysuccessionEXCEPT
(1)anabandonedagriculturalfield
(2)abarerockshelfonamountainside
(3)aforestgapresultingfromatreefall
(4)ahurricanedamagedforest

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106.Thefigureaboveshowsthedistributionof
10 plant species that grow along a regular
environmental gradient, such as depth of the
water table in a river valley. All other
environmental factors are similar. This figure
demonstratesthat
(1)speciesrichnessincreasesalongthegradient
fromAtoE
(2) species richness decreases along the
gradientfromAtoE
(3) discrete communities are formed at sites A,
C,andD
(4) no discrete communities are formed along
thegradient

107.Acidraindamagedependsonthebuffering
capacity of the soils in a given region. Damage
hasbeengreatestwherethesoillayeris
(1) thin and contains little calcium and
magnesium
(2) thin and contains abundant calcium and
magnesium
(3)thinandcontainsabundantcalciumbutlittle
magnesium
(4) thick and contains abundant calcium and
magnesium

108. Nitrogen is a major environmental


pollutant of groundwater in many parts of the
world. What is the major cause of thisnitrogen
accumulationingroundwater?
(1)Excessiveuseofnitrogenfertilizers
(2) Destruction of nitrifying bacteria, which
resultsinsoilnitrogenremainingasNH4+
(3) Excess soil moisture, which causes
ammonificationordenitrification
(4)Presenceofsandytexturedsoil

109. The phosphoglucomutase (Pgm) locus in


California populations of Nuttalls white
crowned sparrow has allelic frequencies of 0.8
and 0.2, respectively, for the alleles PgmA and
PgmB. What is the probability that two
heterozygous individuals will mate, given that
PgmisinHardyWeinbergequilibrium?
(1)0.01

(2)0.10
(3)0.16

(4)0.32

110.Foratraitcontrolledbyasinglelocus,two
allelesystemwithcompletedominance,pisthe
genefrequencyofR,thedominantallele,qisthe
genefrequencyofr,therecessiveallele,andsis
the selection coefficient against the recessive
homozygote. The table above indicates the
effects of natural selection on genotype
frequencies over one generation. After one
generation of such selection, the relative
frequencyoftherecessiveallele,r,willbeequal
to
1.

2.

4.

3.

111. Sewall Wrights metaphor of evolution on


anadaptivelandscapedescribesapopulationas
occupying a field of genotypes graded by
contours delimitinggenecombinationsofequal
fitness.Theevolutionarymechanismmostlikely
to move a population consistently uphill
towardadaptivepeaksonthislandscapeis
(1)chance

(2)directedmutation
(3)naturalselection
(4)geneflowbetweenpopulations

112. When exposed to a cold environment for


several weeks, many small mammals
dramatically increase their capacity for heat
productionprimarilybymeansof
(1)decreasedinsulation
(2)increasedinsulation
(3)shiveringthermogenesis
(4)nonshiveringthermogenesis

113.PlantspeciesAhasadiploidnumberof12,
while species B has a diploid number of 16.
Which of the following would be the diploid
number of an allotetraploid derived from a
hybridbetweenthesetwospecies?
(1)14

(2)28
(3)40

(4)44

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MODELTEST14:CSIRNETLIFESCIENCES
114.Iftwoparentsthatareheterozygous(Aa)at
a single locus give rise to offspring that are 25
percent AA, 50 percent Aa, and 25 percent aa,
thenallofthefollowingaretrueEXCEPT:
(1)Theparentsarediploidorganisms.
(2)Theaalleleisrecessivelethal.
(3)Theallelesassortindependently.
(4)Thegametescombineatrandom.

115.Inacertainspeciesoflizard,therearetwo
color morphs associated with a singlelocus (Y)
having two alleles (Y, y): yellow (yy) and green
(YY,Yy).Thefitnessofthemorphsisfrequency
dependent, as indicated in the graph above. If
the frequency of the yellow morph in a
populationis0.70andindividualsarerandomly
mating, then the expected equilibrium
populationduetonaturalselectionis
(1)monomorphicforyellowmorphs
(2)monomorphicforgreenmorphs
(3)polymorphicwithastableratioofabout1:1
ofyellowtogreenmorphs
(4) polymorphic with oscillating frequencies of
yellowandgreenmorphs

116.Thefitnessofagenotypeishigherwhenit
israreinapopulationthanwhenitiscommon.
Whichofthefollowingtypesofselectionismost
likelyoperating?
(1)Densityindependentselection
(2)Frequencydependentselection
(3)Directionalselection
(4)Stabilizingselection

117. The mating system in which a female


defends a large, multipurpose territory within
which several males defend smaller, exclusive
territoriesisknownas
(1)polygynandry

(2)resourcedefensepolygyny
(3)resourcedefensepolyandry
(4)haremdefensepolygyny

118.Onetheoryoftheevolutionofcooperation
in animals states that under conditions of low
resource availability, some members of a
population are willing to sacrifice their own
efforts to reproduce to ensure that the
population as a whole will not exhaust all its
resources and go extinct. Which level of
selectionisdescribedinthismodel?
(1)Directionalselection
(2)Individualselection
(3)Disruptiveselection
(4)Groupselection

119. Charles Darwin discussed all of the


followingEXCEPT:
(1) Natural selection tends to remove those
organisms that are poorly adapted to their
environments.
(2) Individuals in a population compete with
oneanotherforlimitedresources.
(3) Gene mutations are the source of variation
forevolution.
(4) Organisms tend to produce more offspring
thancansurviveineachgeneration.

120. Whennumbers of organisms and amounts


of living material in successively higher trophic
levelsarecompared,thevaluesusuallytakethe
formofapyramid,withthelargestnumbersand
greatest biomass in the producer trophic level.
However, in some marine ecosystems, the
consumer trophic levels contain significantly
greateramountsoflivingmaterialthandoesthe
primaryproducer trophic level. The best
explanationforthisiswhichofthefollowing?
(1) The main primary producers in marine
ecosystems are microscopic algae with
extremelyhighratesofpopulationturnover.
(2) Most consumers in marine ecosystems are
filter feeders that must maintain large
basketlike structures for extracting food from
thewater.
(3) The increased availability of solar radiation
inmarineecosystemsmeansthatfewerprimary
producers are required to support Marine food
chains.
(4) Marine zooplankton often produce large
extensions of their bodies in order to increase
buoyancy.

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MODELTEST14:CSIRNETLIFESCIENCES
121. Two populations of sunflowers, A and B,
differintheheritabilityoftheoilcontentintheir
seeds;H2equals0.40inpopulationA,whileH2
equals 0.70 in population B. Which of the
following statements about these sunflower
populationsiscorrect?
(1)PopulationAsseedshavealoweroilcontent
thanthoseofB.
(2) The variability in seed oil content is higher
inpopulationBthaninA.
(3) Population A grows in a more diverse and
unstableenvironmentthandoesB.
(4) Proportionately more phenotypic variation
isenvironmentalvariationinpopulation Athan
inB.

122. From an evolutionary point of view, plant


tendrils derived from leaves and those derived
fromstemsareexamplesof
(1) analogous structures resulting from
convergenceonly
(2) homologous structures resulting from
convergenceonly
(3) analogous structures resulting from
divergenceonly
(4) homologous structures resulting from
divergenceonly

123. Which of the following is characteristic of


allopatricspeciation?
(1)Largepopulations
(2)Asexuallyreproducingpopulations
(3)Geographicisolation
(4)Isolationthroughadaptationofalleles

1Tyrannosaurus(dinosaur)

2.Lobefinnedfishes
3.Greatapes

4.Eohippus(horse)
5.Trilobites

124. Which of the following represents the


proper sequence, from the earliest in the fossil
recordtothelatest,oftheanimalslistedabove?
(1)1,2,5,4,3 (2)2,5,1,3,4
(3)2,5,1,4,3 (4)5,2,1,4,3

125. Invasion of the land by vascular plants


most likely began in which of the following
periods?
(1)Precambrian

(2)Silurian
(3)Pennsylvanian

(4)Cretaceous

126.Whichofthefollowingrepresentsthemost
reducedformofcarbon?
(1)RCH3

(2)RCOOH
(3)RCHO

(4)RCH2OH

127.TheKm(Michaelisconstant)ofanenzyme
forasubstrateisdefinedoperationallyas
(1)halfthesubstrateconcentrationatwhichthe
reactionrateismaximal
(2) the substrate concentration at which the
reactionrateishalfmaximal
(3) the dissociation constant of the enzyme
substratecomplex
(4) the dissociation constant of the enzyme
productcomplex

128. The reversible reaction in which


dihydroxyacetone
phosphate
and
glyceraldehyde 3phosphate combine to form
fructose 1,6bisphosphate is best characterized
as
(1)analdolcondensation

(2)aGrignardreaction
(3)afreeradicalreaction

(4)ahydrolyticreaction

129.
Dinitrophenol
(DNP)
uncouples
mitochondrialelectrontransportfromoxidative
phosphorylationby
(1)dissipatingtheprotongradient
(2)inhibitingcytochromeoxidase
(3) dissociating the F0 and F1 units of the ATP
synthasecomplex
(4)bindingirreversiblytoubiquinone

130.Mostofthedrymassinthetrunkofatree
wasoriginallyderivedfrom
(1)thesoil

(2)lightenergy
(3)aminoacids

(4)CO2

131. Which of the following cell compartments


is associated with a protein skeleton composed
oflamins?
(1)Chloroplast

(2)Basementmembrane
(3)Mitochondrion

(4)Nucleus

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MODELTEST14:CSIRNETLIFESCIENCES
132. Initiation of mitogenesis by epidermal
growth factor and depolarization of the
membrane of a skeletal muscle cell by
acetylcholinearesimilarinthateach
(1) involves, as an essential early step, an ion
flux across the plasmamembrane receptor of
therespondingcell
(2) requires a ligandmediated conformational
change in a plasmamembrane receptor of the
respondingcell
(3) requires activation of a G protein on the
cytoplasmicfaceoftheplasmamembraneinthe
respondingcell
(4)ismediatedbyphosphorylationoftheligand
receptorintherespondingcell

133.Theprincipalsiteofpeptideneurohormone
biosynthesisisthe
(1)nucleus

(2)roughER
(3)dendrite

(4)postsynapticdensity

134.Apreviouslyunknownorganismthatlacks
a nuclear membrane and mitochondria has just
been discovered. Which of the following would
thisorganismmostlikelypossess?
(1)Lysosomes

(2)Cilia
(3)Ribosomes

(4)Endoplasmicreticulum

135.Drugsthateitherstabilizeordepolymerize
microtubules can be used in cancer
chemotherapy.Whichofthefollowingiscorrect
concerningsuchdrugs?
(1)Theystimulatetheimmunesystem.
(2)Theypreventchromatincondensation.
(3) They preventmovement of tumor cells into
othertissues.
(4)Theyinterferewithmitosis.

136. If the genetic code consisted of four bases


per codon rather than three, the maximum
number of unique amino acids that could be
encodedwouldbe
(1)16

(2)64
(3)128
(4)256

137.Inhumans,theBarrbodyisan
(1)activeXchromosomeinfemales
(2)activeXchromosomeinmales
(3)inactiveYchromosomeinmales
(4)inactiveXchromosomeinfemales

138.Whichofthefollowingtypesofmoleculesis
alwaysfoundinvirions?

(1)Lipid

(2)Protein
(3)Carbohydrate
(4)DNA

139. An RNAdependent RNA polymerase is


likelytobepresentinthevirionofa
(1)DNAvirusthatmultipliesinthecytoplasm
(2)DNAvirusthatmultipliesinthenucleus
(3)minusstrandRNAvirus
(4)plusstrandRNAvirus

140. In E. coli, the inability of the lac repressor


tobindaninducerwouldresultin
(1)nosubstantialsynthesisofgalactosidase
(2)constitutivesynthesisofgalactosidase
(3)induciblesynthesisofgalactosidase
(4) synthesis of galactosidase only in the
absenceoflactose

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MODELTEST14:CSIRNETLIFESCIENCES

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
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12
13
14
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16
17
18
19
20

3
2
1
3
1
4
4
3
3
1
2
4
1
1
3
3
3
1
1

21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
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33
34
35
36
37
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39
40

3
3
4
2
3
2
3
3
4
4
4
1
1
2
4
3

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44
45
46
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48
49
50
51
52
53
54
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57
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MODEL PAPER 14 ANSWER KEY


3
61 4
81 3
101 3
1
62 3
82 2
102 3
1
63 4
83 4
103 2
4
64 3
84 3
104 4
1
65 1
85 4
105 2
3
66 2
86 3
106 4
1
67 4
87 3
107 1
4
68 2
88 4
108 1
4
69 4
89 4
109 2
2
70 4
90 4
110 2
4
71 4
91 4
111 3
2
72 4
92 3
112 4
3
73 2
93 1
113 2
2
74 3
94 1
114 2
5
75 4
95 4
115 1
3
76 4
96 1
116 2
1
77 4
97 3
117 3
4
78 2
98 2
118 4
2
79 4
99 1
119 3
4
80 2
100 2
120 1

121
122
123
124
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126
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130
131
132
133
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140

4
1
3
4
2
1
2
1
1
4
4
2
2
3
4
4
4
2
3
1

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