68 views

Uploaded by uday_106601594

george polya from wiki

george polya from wiki

© All Rights Reserved

- asdfadf
- polya's counting
- Combinatorics
- Interview with John Horton Conway
- A Course in Combinatorics
- Mathematics
- Hogg Craig Mathematical Statistics
- GeneratingFunctions
- Peagreen Solutions Press Release
- maths mastery parent workshop year 1-4
- Form 137 e
- HW14 Slope From Two Points
- TWT
- RESUME.t
- Question B
- Mintzberg’s 10 Managerial Roles Management at Work
- Work Smarts Logic Smart Guide
- topic3-3
- Options Erratum
- myrubric 1

You are on page 1of 7

George Plya

Born

Budapest, Austria-Hungary

Died

Palo Alto, California

Nationality

Hungarian (1918)

Swiss (19181947)

American (1947his death)[1]

Fields

Mathematics

Institutions

ETH Zrich

Stanford University

Alma mater

Doctoral advisor

Lipt Fejr

Albert Edrei

Hans Einstein

Fritz Gassmann

Doctoral students

Albert Pfluger

Walter Saxer

James J. Stoker

Known for

How to solve it

Multivariate Plya distribution

Plya conjecture

Plya enumeration theorem

LandauKolmogorov inequality

PlyaVinogradov inequality

Plya inequality

PlyaAeppli distribution

Plya urn model

George Plya (Hungarian: Plya Gyrgy, pronounced [poj r]; December 13, 1887

September 7, 1985) was a Hungarian mathematician. He was a professor of mathematics from

1914 to 1940 at ETH Zrich and from 1940 to 1953 at Stanford University. He made

fundamental contributions to combinatorics, number theory, numerical analysis and probability

theory. He is also noted for his work in heuristics and mathematics education.

Contents

Life and works

He was born as Plya Gyrgy in Budapest, Austria-Hungary to Anna Deutsch and Jakab Plya,

Roman Catholics who converted from Judaism in 1886.[2] Although his parents were religious

and he was baptized into the Roman Catholic Church, George Plya grew up to be an agnostic.[3]

He was a professor of mathematics from 1914 to 1940 at ETH Zrich in Switzerland and from

1940 to 1953 at Stanford University. He remained Stanford Professor Emeritus for the rest of his

life and career. He worked on a range of mathematical topics, including series, number theory,

mathematical analysis, geometry, algebra, combinatorics, and probability.[4]

He died in Palo Alto, California, USA.

Heuristics

Early in his career, Plya wrote with Gbor Szeg two influential problem books Problems and

Theorems in Analysis (I: Series, Integral Calculus, Theory of Functions and II: Theory of

Functions. Zeros. Polynomials. Determinants. Number Theory. Geometry). Later in his career, he

spent considerable effort to identify systematic methods of problem-solving to further discovery

and invention in mathematics for students, teachers, and researchers.[5] He wrote five books on

the subject: How to Solve It, Mathematics and Plausible Reasoning (Volume I: Induction and

Analogy in Mathematics, and Volume II: Patterns of Plausible Inference), and Mathematical

Discovery: On Understanding, Learning, and Teaching Problem Solving (volumes 1 and 2).

In How to Solve It, Plya provides general heuristics for solving a gamut of problems, including

both mathematical and non-mathematical problems. The book includes advice for teaching

students of mathematics and a mini-encyclopedia of heuristic terms. It was translated into several

languages and has sold over a million copies. Russian physicist Zhores I. Alfyorov, (Nobel

laureate in 2000) praised it, noting that he was a fan. The book is still used in mathematical

education. Douglas Lenat's Automated Mathematician and Eurisko artificial intelligence

programs were inspired by Plya's work.

In addition to his works directly addressing problem solving, Plya wrote another short book

called Mathematical Methods in Science, based on a 1963 work supported by the National

Science Foundation, edited by Leon Bowden, and published by the Mathematical Association of

America (MAA) in 1977. As Plya notes in the preface, Professor Bowden carefully followed a

tape recording of a course Plya gave several times at Stanford in order to put the book together.

Plya notes in the preface "that the following pages will be useful, yet they should not be

regarded as a finished expression."

Legacy

There are three prizes (whose names are confused with one another) named after Plya. In 1969

the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM) established the George Plya Prize,

given alternately in two categories for "a notable application of combinatorial theory" and for "a

notable contribution in another area of interest to George Plya."[6] In 1976 the Mathematical

Association of America (MAA) established the George Plya Award "for articles of expository

excellence" published in the College Mathematics Journal.[7] In 1987 the London Mathematical

Society (LMS) established the Plya Prize for "outstanding creativity in, imaginative exposition

of, or distinguished contribution to, mathematics within the United Kingdom."[8]

A mathematics center has been named in Plya's honor at the University of Idaho in Moscow,

Idaho. The mathematics center focuses mainly on tutoring students in the subjects of algebra and

calculus.[9]

See also

LandauKolmogorov inequality

Multivariate Plya distribution

Plya conjecture

Polya distribution

Plya enumeration theorem

PlyaVinogradov inequality

Plya inequality

Polya urn model

Plya's proof that there is no "horse of a different color"

References

1. George Polya in the Swiss historic lexicon.

2. http://www.gap-system.org/~history/Biographies/Polya.html

3. Harold D. Taylor, Loretta Taylor (1993). George Plya: master of discovery 1887-1985.

Dale Seymour Publications. p. 50. ISBN 9780866516112. Plancherel was a military man,

a colonel in the Swiss army, and a devout Catholic; Plya did not like military

ceremonies or activities, and he was an agnostic who objected to hierarchical religions.

4. Roberts, A. Wayne (1995). Faces of Mathematics, Third Edition. New York, NY USA:

HaperCollins College Publishers. p. 479. ISBN 0-06-501069-8.

Mathematics Magazine (Mathematics Magazine, Vol. 60, No. 5) 60 (5): 283291.

doi:10.2307/2690409. JSTOR 2690409.

6. Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics George Plya Prize

7. Mathematical Association of America George Plya Award

8. London Mathematical Society Polya Prize

9. University of Idaho Polya Center

External links

Wikiquote has quotations related to: George Plya

O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "George Plya", MacTutor History of

Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews.

George Plya at the Mathematics Genealogy Project

George Plya, Gbor Szeg, Problems and theorems in analysis (1998)

PolyaPoweran introduction to Polya's Heuristics at the Wayback Machine (archived

July 28, 2009)

George Plya on UIUC's WikEd

Memorial Resolution

George Plya Biographical Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences

"Polya Guessing" on Vimeo

Categories:

1887 births

1985 deaths

20th-century mathematicians

20th-century Hungarian people

American agnostics

Hungarian Jews

American mathematicians

American people of Hungarian-Jewish descent

American statisticians

Hungarian emigrants to Switzerland

Combinatorialists

ETH Zurich faculty

Hungarian agnostics

Hungarian mathematicians

Hungarian statisticians

Complex analysts

Mathematical analysts

Members of the United States National Academy of Sciences

Swiss emigrants to the United States

Swiss mathematicians

Swiss statisticians

Navigation menu

Create account

Log in

Article

Talk

Read

Edit

View history

Main page

Contents

Featured content

Current events

Random article

Donate to Wikipedia

Wikimedia Shop

Interaction

Help

About Wikipedia

Community portal

Recent changes

Contact page

Tools

Related changes

Upload file

Special pages

Permanent link

Page information

Wikidata item

Cite this page

Print/export

Create a book

Download as PDF

Printable version

Languages

Catal

etina

Deutsch

Eesti

Espaol

Esperanto

Franais

Galego

slenska

Italiano

Magyar

Bahasa Melayu

Nederlands

Norsk bokml

Occitan

Piemontis

Polski

Portugus

Romn

Slovenina

Slovenina

/ srpski

Suomi

Svenska

Ting Vit

Edit links

Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License;

additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy

Policy. Wikipedia is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a nonprofit organization.

Privacy policy

About Wikipedia

Disclaimers

Contact Wikipedia

Developers

Mobile view

- asdfadfUploaded byishmael149
- polya's countingUploaded bybiswajit_bm03
- CombinatoricsUploaded byDeepankar Patra
- Interview with John Horton ConwayUploaded byJames Somers
- A Course in CombinatoricsUploaded byWalner Mendonça Santos
- MathematicsUploaded bysleepyninjitsu
- Hogg Craig Mathematical StatisticsUploaded byPrafulla Shukla
- GeneratingFunctionsUploaded byverdos
- Peagreen Solutions Press ReleaseUploaded bynaomiblair
- maths mastery parent workshop year 1-4Uploaded byapi-222746680
- Form 137 eUploaded byIrish Lea May
- HW14 Slope From Two PointsUploaded byAlice Dwyer
- Question BUploaded byMuhammad Rizam Hj Bakri
- Mintzberg’s 10 Managerial Roles Management at WorkUploaded byPurwanto Soe'eb
- TWTUploaded byapi-25931292
- Work Smarts Logic Smart GuideUploaded byDian Khoeroni
- Options ErratumUploaded byAmbrosio Ortiz
- myrubric 1Uploaded byapi-372350016
- topic3-3Uploaded byAnand Verma
- RESUME.tUploaded byJitesh Arora
- interview- tonyUploaded byapi-267410481
- BUMEA Officer DescriptionsUploaded byTevae Shoels
- ResumeUploaded byVinay Bhatia
- Final Case SummaryUploaded byAhsan Sayeed Nabeel Depro
- fleet feet sports m e presentationUploaded byapi-283844248
- gred.docUploaded byBroscenco Michaelle
- LolUploaded byJill Relador
- Home Project 23Uploaded bymisterreid

- cimaUploaded byJoyson Yogarajah
- Ethical LeadershipUploaded byFatima Ali
- athletic admin resumeUploaded byapi-342135223
- St1 en Residence Permit StudentsUploaded byAlexandra Cojan
- cooperative teaching an effective model for allUploaded byapi-366185810
- experimental psychology and the scientific method.pptxUploaded byAlok Singh
- MalaysiaUploaded byMouawia Elazeebi
- Diversity and Cultural Competency Case StudiesUploaded bymackie_041992
- compare traditional and contemporary versions of folktalesUploaded byapi-405552051
- Laws in LearningUploaded bynnaesor_1091
- Chapter 4 Legal PhilosophyUploaded byVincent Steve Peralta
- UMT - Academic Job Application Form-1Uploaded byMuazz Nadzri
- cssp_grad_manual.pdfUploaded byrandolf_cog
- final draftUploaded byapi-270352185
- Life is an Eternal Flow - Visions - Subramanian AUploaded bySubramanian A
- copyright materialsUploaded byapi-355053618
- college proposal.xlsxUploaded byAvipsa Acharya
- ASPIRE TID Conference Schedule-1stApril2014Uploaded byAkram Hamici
- Management Change.pdfUploaded byandi
- 0607_s12_qp_24Uploaded byAnshul
- Oracle Deployement 1Z0-419 Practice Exam - Updated 2018Uploaded byPass4leads Exam
- JNTUK B.Tech_B.Phar 3-1, 3-2 Sem Academic Calendar For A.pdfUploaded bysathish kumar
- Confucius Say ActivityUploaded bynwhite325
- CSCL-Mauri 5 1Uploaded byDiego Mas
- Post Graduate Certificates Mohawk CollegeUploaded byAnonymous XFkQCF2qL4
- Lost in Transition: How Faculty From Across the Disciplines Can Learn to “Own” First Year Student SuccessUploaded by3CSN
- Teaching PrinciplesUploaded byKatniss Remar Dee
- learning logUploaded byapi-445386356
- partnerships_0910Uploaded byAndy Gaskin
- Ethics Before Equality - Moral Education After LevinasUploaded byMarcelo Zamora