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AutoCAD is a CAD (Computer Aided Design or Computer Aided Drafting)

software application for 2D and 3D design and drafting, developed and sold by Autodesk,
Inc. Initially released in late 1982, AutoCAD was one of the first CAD programs to run on
personal computers, and notably the IBM PC. Most CAD software at the time ran on graphics
terminals connected to mainframe computers or mini-computers.
In earlier releases, AutoCAD used primitive entities — such as lines, polylines, circles, arcs,
and text — as the foundation for more complex objects. Since the mid-1990s, AutoCAD has
supported custom objects through its C++ API. Modern AutoCAD includes a full set of basic
solid modeling and 3D tools. With the release of AutoCAD 2007 came improved 3D
modeling functionality, which meant better navigation when working in 3D. Moreover, it
became easier to edit 3D models. The mental ray engine was included in rendering, it was
now possible to do quality renderings. AutoCAD 2010 introduced parametric functionality
and mesh modeling.
AutoCAD supports a number of application programming interfaces (APIs) for customization
and automation. These include AutoLISP, Visual LISP, VBA, .NET and ObjectARX.
ObjectARX is a C++ class library, which was also the base for products extending AutoCAD
functionality to specific fields, to create products such as AutoCAD Architecture, AutoCAD
Electrical, AutoCAD Civil 3D, or third-party AutoCAD-based applications.
AutoCAD currently runs exclusively on Microsoft Windows desktop operating systems. It is
available in 32-bit and in native 64-bit versions. Versions for Unix and Mac OS were released
in the 1980s and 1990s, but these were later dropped. AutoCAD can run on an emulator or
compatibility layer like VMware Workstation or Wine, albeit subject to various performance
issues that can often arise when working with 3D objects or large drawings.
AutoCAD and AutoCAD LT are available for English, German, French, Italian, Spanish,
Japanese, Korean, Chinese Simplified, Chinese Traditional, Russian, Czech, Polish,
Hungarian, Brazilian Portuguese, Danish, Dutch, Swedish, Finnish, Norwegian and
Vietnamese. The extent of localization varies from full translation of the product to
documentation only. The AutoCAD command set is localized as a part of the software
localization. [1]

Contents
[hide]
• 1 AutoCAD LT
• 2 Student versions
• 3 Vertical programs
• 4 File formats
• 5 Version history
• 6 See also
• 7 References
• 8 External links

[edit] AutoCAD LT
AutoCAD LT is a version of AutoCAD with more limited capabilities. It costs less (approx.
US$1200 versus around US$4,000 for the full AutoCAD). In addition to being sold directly
by Autodesk, it is also available for purchase at computer stores, unlike the full version of
AutoCAD which must be purchased from an official Autodesk dealer. It was developed so
that Autodesk could have an entry-level CAD package available to compete in that price
class. AutoCAD LT is marketed as a CAD package for those who only need 2D functionality.
Compared to the full edition of AutoCAD, AutoCAD LT lacks several features: most
notably, it has no 3D modeling capabilities (although it has several 3D viewing functions for
looking at 3D models created in other CAD packages) and blocks the use of any
programming interfaces, such as support for most third party programs and does not allow
AutoLISP programs. Also, the Autodesk Raster Design 2010 Object Enabler cannot be
installed in the LT version of AutoCAD, therefore images such as ECW or SID cannot be
viewed in this version of AutoCAD. A full listing of differences is on the Autodesk website.[2]
AutoCAD LT originated by taking the codebase of AutoCAD and commenting out
substantial portions,[citation needed] which allowed AutoCAD and AutoCAD LT to be developed
simultaneously.
[edit] Student versions
AutoCAD is licensed at a significant discount over commercial retail pricing to qualifying
students and teachers, with both a 14 month and perpetual license available. The student
version of AutoCAD is functionally identical to the full commercial version, with one
exception: DWG files created or edited by a student version have an internal bit-flag set (the
"educational flag"). When such a DWG file is printed by any version of AutoCAD
(commercial or student), the output will include a plot stamp / banner on all four sides.
Objects created in the Student Version cannot be used for commercial use. These Student
Version objects will 'infect' a commercial version DWG file if imported[citation needed].
The Autodesk student community provides registered students with free access to different
Autodesk applications.
[edit] Vertical programs
Autodesk has also developed a few vertical programs, for discipline-specific enhancements.
AutoCAD Architecture (formerly Architectural Desktop), for example, permits architectural
designers to draw 3D objects such as walls, doors and windows, with more intelligent data
associated with them, rather than simple objects such as lines and circles. The data can be
programmed to represent specific architectural products sold in the construction industry, or
extracted into a data file for pricing, materials estimation, and other values related to the
objects represented. Additional tools allow designers to generate standard 2D drawings, such
as elevations and sections, from a 3D architectural model. Similarly, Civil Design, Civil
Design 3D, and Civil Design Professional allow data-specific objects to be used, allowing
standard civil engineering calculations to be made and represented easily. AutoCAD
Electrical, AutoCAD Civil 3D, AutoCAD Map 3D, AutoCAD Mechanical, AutoCAD MEP,
AutoCAD P&ID, AutoCAD Plant 3D and AutoCAD Structural Detailing are other examples
of industry-specific CAD applications built on the AutoCAD platform.
[edit] File formats
AutoCAD's native file format, DWG, and to a lesser extent, its interchange file format, DXF,
have become de facto standards for CAD data interoperability. AutoCAD in recent years has
included support for DWF, a format developed and promoted by Autodesk for publishing
CAD data. In 2006, Autodesk estimated the number of active DWG files to be in excess of
one billion.
The current AutoCAD file format (.dwfx) is based on ISO/IEC 29500-2:2008 Open
Packaging Convention.[3]
In the past, Autodesk has estimated the total number of DWG files in existence to be more
than three billion.

Ini adalah salah satu contoh gambarajah objek 3 dimensi yang menggunakan
perisian AutoCAD

APAKAH PERISIAN (SOFTWARE) AUTOCAD ?


PERISIAN AUTOCAD TERDIRI DARI BERBAGAI VERSI SELARAS DENGAN
PERKEMBANGAN SEMASA IAITU DARI SEGI TAHAP PENGGUNAANNYA,
KEMAJUAN SISTEM KOMPUTER DAN JUGA DARI MAKLUM BALAS
PENGGUNA. MAKLUM BALAS DARI PENGGUNA SELURUH DUNIA TELAH
MENYEBABKAN AUTOCAD DIMAJUKAN DAN DIPERBAIKI DARI SEMASA KE
SEMASA DAN TERHASILLAH BERBAGAI VERSI.
VERSI PERISIAN YANG PERNAH SAYA GUNAKAN ADALAH BERMULA DARI
VERSI R10 (RELEASE 10), R11, R12, R13, R14, 2000, 2000i,
2002 DAN 2004. WALAUPUN KINI TELAH SAMPAI KE VERSI 2008 DAN
MUNGKIN AKAN BERTERUSAN, TETAPI SAYA RASA SEHINGGA HARI INI
SAYA TELAH SELESA DENGAN VERSI 2004. PADA ASASNYA KEPERLUAN
YANG SAYA PERLUKAN SEMASA MENGGUNAKAN AUTOCAD ADALAH SAMA
BIARPUN BELAINAN VERSI, CUMA KEMAJUAN SEMASA MENYEBABKAN
AUTOCAD TELAH DI'UP-GRADE' DAN APA YANG DILAKUKAN ADALAH
MEMPERMUDAHKAN PENGGUNA DAN MENJADIKAN AUTOCAD LEBIH
MESRA PENGGUNA ATAU DENGAN LEBIH TEPAT MENAMBAH ARAHAN-
ARAHAN (COMMAND) BARU DAN MENJADIKAN ARAHAN-ARAHAN SEDIADA
LEBIH EFISIEN.
AUTOCAD ADALAH SATU PERISIAN YANG AMAT POPULAR DI DALAM
BIDANG KEJURUTERAAN SEPERTI KEJURUTERAAN AWAM,
ELEKTRIK, UKUR, ARKITEK DAN SEBAGAINYA. AUTOCAD AMAT
MEMBANTU MEREKA YANG TERLIBAT DALAM BIDANG MASING-MASING
UNTUK MELAKSANAKAN KERJA-KERJA MEREKA. DALAM KEMAJUAN
TEKNOLOGI PERKOMPUTERAN, BOLEH DIKATAKAN KESELURUHAN BIDANG
KEJURUTERAAN AMAT MEMERLUKAN BANTUAN KOMPUTER DARI
PERMULAAN REKABENTUK (DESIGN) HINGGALAH KE SESUATU PROJEK ITU
SELESAI (AS-BUILT). AUTOCAD DAPAT MEMBANTU MEMBERIKAN DATA-
DATA YANG DIPERLUKAN DENGAN CEPAT DAN TEPAT.
TERDAPAT BERBAGAI PERISIAN YANG DIGUNAKAN DALAM BIDANG
KEJURUTERAAN DAN AUTOCAD ADALAH PERISIAN YANG PALING POPULAR
DAN PADA PERKIRAAN SAYA 99% DIKUASAI OLEH AUTOCAD. BERBAGAI
SYARIKAT ANTARABANGSA MENGHASILKAN PERISIAN MEREKA, TETAPI
KEBANYAKKANNYA MENJADIKAN AUTOCAD SEBAGAI PERISIAN ASAS.
KAEDAH TERSEBUT DIKENALI SEBAGAI PERISIAN ‘ADD-ON'. NAMUN
BEGITU PENGGUNANYA PERLULAH MAHIR MENGENDALIKAN PERISIAN
AUTOCAD TERLEBIH DAHULU SEBELUM BOLEH MENGENDALIKAN PERISIAN
KELUARAN MEREKA. WALAUPUN HANYA 1% SAHAJA YANG MENGGUNAKAN
PERISIAN SELAIN AUTOCAD, TETAPI PADA PRODUK TERAKHIR, MEREKA
MASIH JUGA (KEBIASAANNYA) MENGGUNAKAN AUTOCAD.

PERLUKAH BELAJAR MENGENDALIKAN


AUTOCAD ?
SATU PERSOALAN YANG PERLU DISELESAIKAN DENGAN SEGERA! JIKA
ANDA TELAH BERCADANG UNTUK MELIBATKAN DIRI (MENCARI
PEKERJAAN) DALAM BIDANG KEJURUTERAAN, ANDA PERLU
MEMPELAJARINYA. JIKA ANDA MEMANG TELAH BERADA DALAM BIDANG
BERKENAAN (TELAH BEKERJA) DAN INGIN JUGA MENAMBAH
PENGETAHUAN, ANDA MASIH BOLEH MEMPELAJARINYA. IA AKAN DAPAT
MEMBANTU MENAMBAH NILAI ‘CV' ATAU ‘RESUME' ANDA SEMASA
MEMOHON PEKERJAAN. JUSTERU ITU IA JUGA MEMBANTU MENAMBAH
PENDAPATAN ANDA DARI SEGI KENAIKKAN GAJI DAN JUGA KEBOLEHAN
ANDA MEMBUAT KERJA-KERJA SAMPINGAN (PART-TIME).