You are on page 1of 3

A point is like a star in the night sky. It is a little spec in a large endless sky.
However, unlike starts, geometric points have no size. Think of them as being so
small that they take up zero amount of space.

A line is like the edge of a ruler, that never ends. Take a ruler and draw a line - now
imagine if that line kept going straight forever. The line you have is thick enough for
you to see, but you need to imagine that your line is so thin that you can't see it - it
has no thickness at all. That is a geometric line.

A plane is a flat piece of land (like a football field) that extends forever. Imagine
that you can pick that football field up, and put it anywhere in the air that you like.
You can even turn it side ways, or diagonally. A plane is just a flat edge (like a piece
of paper) that has no thickness (just like the line) and extends forever.

An ‘undefined term’ is a term or word that doesn’t require further explanation or
description. It already exists in its most basic form. These basic terms are used to
define or explain more complicated terms or concepts.
Geometry recognizes four undefined terms. While some books only recognize three
terms, all four will be included here. Even though they are ‘undefined’, I will attempt to
describe them for you below.
Set – a group or collection with common characteristics
Example: A set of 10-year-old boys
A set of points on a line
A set of all even integers
Point – a dot on a page. A point has no dimensions (length, width, height), it is usually
represent by a capital letter and a dot on a page. Think of it as an infinitely small place
or position on a map.
Line – an unlimited number of points along the same path. The set of points may be
straight or form a curve. Normally, the term ‘line’ means a straight line. The ‘line’ has
no dimensions (length, width, height) and extends unlimited in both directions. (The
part of a line defined by two points, called ‘endpoints’, is call a line segment or
‘segment’.) A ‘line’ is represented by a drawn line with arrowheads on each end to
represent that it doesn’t have endpoints. A line can be named in two ways: (1) use the
capital letters representing two points on the line and place a double-headed arrow
above the two letters (2) use a lowercase letter beside the line to represent it.

It is usually represented by a parallelogram (four sided figure) with a capital letter in one corner. http://www. or by any two PLANE (an undefined term) In geometry. you must remember that the plane has no boundaries. or Undefined terms: In geometry.examiner. Our dot can be very tiny or very large and it still represents a point. . In the coordinate plane. A plane is named by a single letter (plane m) or by three non-collinear points (plane ABC). Remember the plane is not limited by the parallelogram. definitions are formed using known words or terms to describe a new word. These three undefined terms are point. a line has no thickness but its length extends in one dimension and goes on forever in both directions. (x. . a point is named by an ordered pair. the point has no length. LINE (an undefined term) In geometry. A point is usually named with a capital letter.Plane – a flat surface that extends indefinitely in all directions.y). . width. a plane has no thickness but extends indefinitely in all directions. Even though the diagram of a plane has edges. There are three words in geometry that are not formally defined. A line is named by a single lowercase letter. The plane can also be represented by using three points that lie on the plane surface but not on the same line (noncollinear). Unless otherwise stated a line is drawn as a straight line with two arrowheads indicating that the line extends without end in both directions. points on the line. Even though we represent a point with a dot. line and plane. Planes are usually represented by a shape that looks like a tabletop or a parallelogram. POINT (an undefined term) In geometry. a point has no dimension (actual size). it extends infinitely.

org/Regents/math/geometry/GG1/undefinedterms. Collinear Points Coplanar points Opposite rays points that lie on the same line. Parallel lines Skew lines two coplanar lines that do not intersect points that lie in the same plane. 2 rays that lie on the same line. two non-coplanar lines that do not intersect. with a common endpoint and no other points in common. http://regentsprep.htm . but are seldom used as reasons in a formal proof.Intuitive Concepts: There are a few basic concepts in geometry that need to be understood. Opposite rays form a straight line and/or a straight angle (180°:).