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Background and objective of the study
This report is originated as a partial fulfillment of the MBA program of School of Business
and economics, united international university. This report is a mandatory requirement for
MBA completion. We have worked on this report for 2 month and this report helped us to
match our theoretical knowledge with practical understanding.

Objective of the study

To identify the condition of information technology on academic sector in
Bangladesh.

To give a brief idea on the importance of information technology on academic
sector.

To identify the IT relationship with the students.

To identify the problem if any to satisfy the academic students and teachers
through providing IT services.

To identify that academic Institutions understand the specific needs of IT for their
Students.

Scope of the study
The report will give a clear idea about the services of IT on Academic sector to deal with
the students and teachers and gain their optimum level of satisfaction.

Methodology of the study
Survey

Primary Data
Conversation with
Students and Teachers
Data Collection
IT Websites
Secondary Data

Internet
Newspaper
Magazine

Figure 1

We have collected our information/ data from the following sources, which helped us to
make this report. The source can divide into two parts. Such as:
A.

Primary Sources and

B.

Secondary Sources

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Use both the sources.

1) Primary Sources: Primary sources include survey and conversation with students
and teachers.
2)

Secondary Sources: Secondary sources of information include
a) Internet.
b) General report
c) Articles

Limitation of the study
Every task has some limitations. We faced some usual constraints during preparing of
the report. Though we have given utmost effort to prepare this report but there are
some limitations of the study. They are as follows1. Insufficient data
2. All the concerned personnel of the academic institutions not been interviewed
3. Lack of in-depth knowledge & analytical ability for writing such report
4. Another limitation of this report is IT policy of not disclosing the facts
5. Some data and information are not available for obvious reason, which could be
very much useful
6. Lack of enough experience in analyzing data

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e-commerce and computer services. electronics. software. and the simulation of higher-order thinking through computer programs. it is possible to distinguish four distinct phases of IT development: pre-mechanical (3000 BC – 1450 AD).1 Definition of information technology Information technology (IT) is the application of computers and telecommunications equipment to store. manipulating and communicating information since the Sumerians in Mesopotamia developed writing in about 3000 BC. Leavitt and Thomas L. Several industries are associated with information technology. semiconductors. Retrieving Transmission Store Exchange Manipulation Creation IT Figure: 2 The term is commonly used as a synonym for computers and computer networks. Based on the storage and processing technologies employed. authors Harold J. but it also encompasses other information distribution technologies such as television and telephones. telecom equipment. including computer hardware. Whisler commented that "the new technology does not yet have a single established name.2. mechanical 5|Page . internet. retrieve. transmit and manipulate data. but the term information technology in its modern sense first appeared in a 1958 article published in the Harvard Business Review. Humans have been storing. retrieving. often in the context of a business or other enterprise. the application of statistical and mathematical methods to decision-making. We shall call it information technology (IT)." Their definition consists of three categories: techniques for processing.

IT jobs include computer programming. hardware. data communications. processes. and telecommunications. This article focuses on the most recent period (electronic). still images. and use information in its various forms (business data. software. electromechanical (1840–1940) and electronic (1940–present). networks. systems control) and associated equipment employed to collect.(1450–1840). Set of tools. exchange. and many other related occupations. or the people that work with these technologies. storage and retrieval. and methodologies (such as coding/programming. such as networking. network administration. and other technical areas of their businesses. the Internet. data conversion. systems analysis and design. process. Stands for "Information Technology. Web development. In broad terms. Many companies now have IT departments for managing the computers. Business Data Voice Conversation IT Forms Still image Multimedia Presentaton Motion Pictures Figure: 3 6|Page . technical support. and other forms. Since we live in the "information age. is here to stay. store. voice conversations. which began in about 1940." and is pronounced "I. and present information." information technology has become a part of our everyday lives." It refers to anything related to computing technology. multimedia. multimedia presentations. That means the term "IT. IT also includes office automation. computer engineering." already highly overused. IT (information technology) is a term that encompasses all forms of technology used to create.T. motion pictures. including those not yet conceived).

It can be defined as the time between 3000B.2. and 1450A. IT Ages Premechanical Mechanical Electronical Electromechanical Figure: 4 Premechanical: The premechanical age is the earliest age of information technology. Figure: 5 7|Page . We are talking about a long time ago. Basically as long as people have been around. Early alphabets were developed such as the Phoenician alphabet. but it is important to learn about how we got to the point we are at with technology today. When humans first started communicating they would try to use language or simple picture drawings known as petroglyphs which were usually carved in rock. information technology has been around because there were always ways of communicating through technology available at that point in time. Only the latest age (electronic) and some of the electromechanical age really affects us today.C. long time.D. There are 4 main ages that divide up the history of information technology.2 History of the information technology Introduction: Information technology has been around for a long.

Technologies like the slide rule (an analog computer used for multiplying and dividing) were invented. pens and paper began to be developed.D. Charles Babbage developed the difference engine which tabulated polynomial equations using the method of finite differences. but later paper was created out of papyrus plant. Now that people were writing a lot of information down they needed ways to keep it all in permanent storage. Some groups of people were actually binding paper together into a book-like form. The mechanical age can be defined as the time between 1450 and 1840. people wanted stuff to do with them so they created calculators. The popular model of that time was the abacus. And yes now that numbers were created. A calculator was the very first sign of an information processor. (775 years later) that the number 0 was invented. This is where the first books and libraries are developed. Blaise Pascal invented the Pascaline which was a very popular mechanical computer. was when the first 1-9 system was created by people from India. It started off as just marks in wet clay. Around 100A. Also during this period were the first numbering systems. Mechanical The mechanical age is when we first start to see connections between our current technology and its ancestors. However. like our modern- 8|Page . The most popular kind of paper made was probably by the Chinese who made paper from rags. You’ve probably heard of Egyptian scrolls which were popular ways of writing down information to save. A lot of new technologies are developed in this era as there is a large explosion in interest with this area. Figure: 6 There were lots of different machines created during this era and while we have not yet gotten to a machine that can do more than one type of calculation in one.As alphabets became more popular and more people were writing information down. it wasn’t until 875A.D.

The telegraph was created in the early 1800s. if you look at the size of the machines invented in this time compared to the power behind them it seems (to us) absolutely ridiculous to understand why anybody would want to use them. The first large-scale automatic digital computer in the United States was the Mark 1 created by Harvard University around 1940. 2ft wide. How does your PC match up to this hunk of metal? It was from huge machines like this that people began to look at downsizing all the parts to first make them usable by businesses and eventually in your own home. we are still learning about how all of our all-in-one machines started. The first radio developed by Guglielmo Marconi in 1894. The telephone (one of the most popular forms of communication ever) was created by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876. All of these were extremely crucial emerging technologies that led to big advances in the information technology field. Also. It was programmed using punch cards. and weighed 5 tons . Morse code was created by Samuel Morse in 1835.HUGE. These are the beginnings of telecommunication. This computer was 8ft high. but to the people living in that time ALL of these inventions were huge. The electromechanical age can be defined as the time between 1840 and 1940. Electromechanical Now we are finally getting close to some technologies that resemble our modern-day technology. 50ft long.day calculators. Figure: 7 9|Page .

It can be defined as the time between 1940 and right now. It mainly used vacuum tubes to do its calculations.S. punch cards were replaced with magnetic tape. The fourth and latest generation brought in CPUs (central processing units) which contained memory. The ENIAC was the first high-speed. There are 4 main sections of digital computing. The third generation replaced transistors with integrated circuits. and rotating magnetic drums were replaced by magnetic cores for internal storage. The graphical user interface (GUI) was developed. and control circuits all on a single chip. This computer was designed to be used by the U. The second generation replaced vacuum tubes with transistors. magnetic tape was used throughout all computers. Figure: 8 10 | P a g e . and magnetic core turned into metal oxide semiconductors. Rotating magnetic drums were used for internal storage. Army for artillery firing tables. The first was the era of vacuum tubes and punch cards like the ENIAC and Mark 1. Also during this time high-level programming languages were created such as FORTRAN and COBOL.Electronic The electronic age is where we currently live in. digital computer capable of being reprogrammed to solve a full range of computing problems. An actual operating system showed up around this time along with the advanced programming language BASIC. This machine was even bigger than the Mark 1 taking up 680 square feet and weighing 30 tons . The personal computer was developed (Apple II). logic.HUGE.

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The committee was also responsible to carry out programs to expand and promote the efficacious use of the sector. installed in 1964 at the Dhaka center of the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (later the Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission. computer use increased at large Bangladeshi organizations. the Ministry of Science and Technology established a National Computer Committee to create the required policies. In 1990. especially after the independence of Bangladesh in 1971. though it is showing potential for advancement.and IT-related works in the country IT industry. In 1979. 12 | P a g e . In 1983. use of the Internet began and locally made software started to be exported. the sector only started to get substantial attention during the 1990s. the ministry reformed the board and reconstituted it as the Bangladesh Computer Council to monitor computer. the use of computers witnessed a rapid increase in the late 1980s. Over the next few decades.Information technology in Bangladesh The first computer in Bangladesh is An IBM mainframe 1620 Series DCSE was established at Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET) The first Bengali script in computers was invented in 1985 Figure: 9 The information technology sector in Bangladesh had its beginnings in nuclear research during the 1960s. research and financial institutions. In 1995. Through the introduction of personal computers. Computer use increased in the following years. a computer centre. later renamed Department of Computer Science & Engineering. the committee was replaced by the National Computer Board. was established at Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET). mostly with IBM mainframe computers. The first computer in Bangladesh (then East Pakistan) was an IBM mainframe 1620 series. the center has been playing a pivotal role in Bangladeshi IT education since its inception. In 1985. However. paving the way for more intense computer activities. the first Bengali script in computers was invented. succeeding several individual initiatives. In 1988. Today the sector is still in a nascent stage. moreadvanced IT equipment began to be set up in different educational.

illiteracy etc. As the Internet usage increases. science and technology has been witnessing intense growth in the country after a period of stagnation. after India and China. The cultivation of modern science started during the British rule when the first modern educational institutions. Starting with only 17 member companies. The Internet penetration has also grown to 21. it is an important growth industry. were established in the country. Since its independence in 1971.IT industry Use of the Internet began and locally made software started to be exported The Bangladesh Association of Software and Information Services (BASIS) were established in 1997 Figure: 10 The IT industry is a relatively new sector in the country's economy.2 percent three years prior. The World Bank. focused on scientific fields. acted as the driving force in producing many renowned scientists in Bangladesh. most notably in the information technology and biotechnology sectors. science and technology have lagged behind in the priority list of the successive governments. In a study among Asian countries by Japan International Cooperation Agency in 2007–08. Bangladesh has been plagued with many social issues like poverty. the government expects the IT sector to add 7.28 percent to GDP growth by 2021. Hence. established in 1921.27 percent in 2012. Bangladesh was ranked first in software and IT services competitiveness and third in competencies. However. up from 3. Though it is yet to make tangible contributions in the national economy. The University of Dhaka. The 13 | P a g e . The Bangladesh Association of Software and Information Services (BASIS) were established in 1997 as the national trade body for software and IT service industry. Bangladesh was also listed as one of the top 30 Countries for Offshore Services in 2010– 2011 by Gartner. in a study conducted in 2008. induced by the recent economic progress. projected triple digit growth for Bangladesh in IT services and software exports. by 2009 membership had grown to 326.

The educational reforms during this period gave birth too many distinguished scientists in the region. Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose. which was the first scientific research organization in East Pakistan. made very significant contributions to plant science. Several universities were also established focusing on major disciplines of science and technology. Bangladesh or erstwhile East Bengal (later named as East Pakistan) became a part of the Muslim majority country of Pakistan and several talented Hindu scientists of Bangladeshi origin decided for moving to India because of the growing communal dissonance in the region. He was the first person from the Indian subcontinent to receive a US patent. In 1983. born in Bikrampur of present day Munshiganj District of Bangladesh. The regional branch of Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research was established in 1955 in Dhaka. Prof Satyendra Nath Bose well known for his works in quantum mechanics provided the foundation for Bose–Einstein statistics and the theory of the Bose–Einstein condensate. The economic and other discriminations towards East Pakistan and extensive investments in militarization by the central Government of Pakistan led to a slow growth in the positive development of science and technology in this period. In 1924-25. having the President of Bangladesh as its head. After the Partition of India in 1947. and laid the foundations of experimental science in the Indian subcontinent. while researching at the University of Dhaka. pioneered the investigation of radio and microwave optics. it can be said that the history of science and technology in Bangladesh starts in the Chalcolithic age. some evidences of pit-dwelling from that period were found in those excavations. there were six research organizations with twenty institutions operating under their authority. to set up a national policy. It was later renamed as Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research. in 1904. IEEE named him one of the fathers of radio science. After gaining independence in 1971. At the time of independence of Bangladesh.national policies for science and technology is planned and developed by the National Council for Science and Technology which is controlled by the ministry of science and technology. some more research institutions began to be established. The history of modern science began after the arrival of the British Empire in the country. According to the recent excavations made at the archaeological site of Wari-Bateshwar. 14 | P a g e . the National Committee on Science and Technology was created.

they did not really know why. and intuitively knew they should. Ten fundamental objectives why we think technology is important in education. precisely. She wrote (I paraphrase): "Thank you so much! Now I have something to do with those laptops they gave me!” You can visualize the scene: a school decided to move technology into the classroom so it gave the teacher the computers.Objective of using IT on academic sector Two events prodded us into writing this. would the education be better? So here they are. Expansion of time and place Learning & Teaching Depth of Understanding Objective New media foe self . Hopefully. they can act as the rationale for technology plans in schools. It was a kind of gut instinct. During this process we became increasingly concerned that while the school leaders were keen to bring in technology. The first was our involvement in formulating a technology plan for a local school. Again we wondered if this school really knew why they wanted the technology. In what way.expression Collaboration Objective Going global Individual pacing and sequence Objective Weight Personal Productivity Lower cost Figure: 11 15 | P a g e . The second event was an email we got from a teacher concerning our web site Math Open Reference.

Technology is no substitute for an inspiring teacher. anytime. That means she has access to that teacher 5% of her waking day. Twenty times more. students can be given projects that require them to learn (pull) the necessary material themselves. Using a projector. the teacher can conduct onscreen investigations and demonstrate concepts far more easily than with just words and armwaving. make a video. anywhere. 3. She has access to the Internet 100% of the time. do digital photography. they can reinforce the ideas by experimenting with the simulations themselves. do acclamation. 2. on-line materials are far more available. Using modern technology they can: Make a PowerPoint presentation. Using the "textbook plus classroom" approach. the places where learning can occur are limited. Key to this is the ability to get the information they need any time anywhere. record/edit spoken word. This project-based pull approach makes learning far more interesting for the student. 4. Because the students have access to the same tools over the web. Depth of understanding: Interactive simulations and illustrations can produce a much greater depth of understanding of a concept. Expansion of time and place: In a typical high school a student has access to a teacher 40 minutes per day. and what they wrote was seen only by the teacher. make a website. 16 | P a g e . create a blog. without being in the physical presence of a teacher. students could write in a notebook. and even that time is shared with 25 classmates. New media for self-expression: In the old days. That's 20X better. Instead of teaching (push). When virtual manipulative are used in a classroom setting they can go far beyond chalk and talk.1. I have seen firsthand how students cannot wait to get out of regular classes to go to the after-school robotics project. compose digital music on a synthesizer. a wireless laptop has access to the teacher's course material and the entire Internet almost anywhere. For example see Subtended Angles. On the other hand. However. Teaching: Technology allows the tables to be turned. run a class newspaper. This is also a vastly larger resource than can be practically carried on paper in a backpack. Learning vs. run a web based school radio or TV station.

read. Individual pacing and sequence: Students are. And it's just static. Many university projects are undertaken by teams spread around the world. all different. Information technologies can permit them to break step with the class and go at a pace and order that suits that student better. Even if they are never used in the classroom. 9. communicate. Right now. they can repeat difficult lessons and explore what they find interesting. 17 | P a g e . and they need similar tools. A 40 GB hard drive can hold 2 million pages with illustrations. instant messaging and cell phone. boring text. Personal Productivity: Students need productivity tools for the same reasons you do. 8. portable personal computers will make a student's (and teacher's) life more effective. email. the web is unfathomably large. 6. They need to write. students can work in small groups wherever they happen to be and at any time. it will become more like having a private tutor rather than being lost in a large class. This can best be done using modern computer tools such as the web. Without disrupting the class. Rather than laboring alone on homework. Going Global: The worldview of the student can be expanded because of the zero cost of communicating with other people around the globe. 7. organize and schedule. The Internet permits free video conferencing which permits interaction in real time with sister schools in other countries. They are doing this already (it used to be called cheating) . of course. Weight: Three textbooks and three binders easily weigh over 25lb. A laptop computer weighs about 5lb and provides access to infinitely more material via its own storage and the Internet. To cash in this benefit.it can now be formalized and taught as a vital skill. students are getting back injuries lugging around a tiny subset of what they need in the form of black marks on slices of dead trees.5. Students need to be prepared for this. A student's life is not much different from any knowledge worker. Collaboration: A vital skill in the new digital world is the ability to work collaboratively on projects with others who may not be physically close. schools need to go paperless. With time.

they can cost more than the tuition itself.10. Today (Nov 2007) a decent laptop can be bought for $399. Lower Cost: It is not unusual for a textbook to cost over $120. and in community colleges. OER stands for Open Educational Resources and the idea is to follow the open source model made popular by software projects such as Linux. 18 | P a g e . free educational tools on the web. the dependence on expensive paper textbooks can be reduced. the price of a few textbooks. Right now we need both the paper books and the computer. but that is simply a transitional phase. Material is created by the educational community itself then freely shared. Through the use of open. where they are purchased by the student. There is a growing movement to create and publish this type of material through organizations such as OER Commons.

Figure: 13 19 | P a g e . Flash notes: Remember the days of doodling on the side of your spiral notebook while you tried to take copious notes from your boring biology teacher? Would you be more motivated if you knew that your notes would not only give you an edge on the exam. and discuss class work and lectures. Lore: The new startup is using a Face book type platform. it allows for document uploads. So why is this better than Face book? Simply put. The rating system allows the best note takers to get more business and the general pool of knowledge expands as students continue to share their work with one another.Useful IT tools which can be used for academic purpose 1. Figure: 12 2. Students can follow their professors and interact with them without worrying about that compromising photo from a crazy weekend party. follow one another. social networks aren’t always the best place to develop academic networks. This social network allows professors and students to communicate. calendar sharing. but could also earn you a bit of cash? Flash notes allow students to upload their lecture notes and sell them to other students who need more help or resources.riding the wave of what works. In addition to the social aspect.and tailoring it for education. and a grade book option.

and interact with their computer screen using a finger. draw. or waiting at the dentist.3. play. the mouse follows your movements. Figure: 14 4. a company intent on giving people a more natural way to interact with the computer.it was difficult to make drawings look authentic. LEAP has developed a piece of hardware that allows anyone to write. This company has created an app that allows students to organize their coursework. Figure: 15 20 | P a g e . By moving your hand over the device. a student can easily access their class work and prepare for an exam. Study Blue: Imagine your Smartphone as your primary source for study materials.even with the fine motor control. store notes and flashcards. Study Blue’s main attraction is that it is mobile. and share their materials with other students. fingers. capitalizing on a different set of notes and study guides. Whether standing in line for coffee. This is a huge improvement from the days of the stylus and pad. The social aspect also helps students find other people studying similar subjects. or entire hand. LEAP Motion: Imagine the ability to sign your name on a digital document using only your finger and the air. zoom. LEAP is set to do that. That is technology behind LEAP Motion. riding the train.

It forces students to write their thoughts clearly and concisely.at a rally. instructors are using it for academic purposes. Teachers that have used this in their classrooms have noted that those who normally never speak up…do. Paper tab: Paper tab won’t be ready to use in 2014. Celly: Teachers are continually fighting against the ever-growing list of distractions that a smart phone offers to bored or shy students in the back of the room. The laptops have a few distinct advantages over the apple iPad: -They are less expensive -One-button-pushes easy setup -Easy to control settings and restrictions -Offers the traditional keyboard for fast typing and note taking -Hardware fixes are easier and less costly 7. or on a field trip using smart phones. event. 6. but I think it’s interesting enough to include it in this list. But Celly is a textmessaging network that allows anyone to create a network anywhere. Paper. is HUGE part of the school life. in the classroom.5. after all. Rather than fighting the tide against texting. Google’s Chrome book may snatch the competition in the lower grade school classrooms. Figure: 16 21 | P a g e . Chrome books: Despite the rising popularity of tablets.

Jing.8. discussion. With nearly every student carrying a mobile device or laptop. instructors have seen that precious class time go to waste while a teacher scribbles on a blackboard and has their back to the students. Camtasia: These screen capture video software programs are making it easy for instructors to give online tutorials. this model may give students and teachers more time to work on areas of difficulty rather than simple straight lecture. For too long. This feature can also be used for teachers who are correcting a paper or demonstrating a math problem. Flipped Classroom While not a technology per se. Snagit. the lectures are delivered to the student’s in video format for them to watch at home (or in study hall). Tech Smith offers a host of different products from a free screen capture to professional quality videos. Figure: 17 9. and interaction based on the lecture homework. He/she can record narration while capturing the screen shots as he/she demonstrates the action. this teaching model is using technology to change the way instructors teach. the classroom time is set aside for 1 on 1 help. Imagine a tech-ed teacher trying to explain how to download an app. Rather than spending the class time lecturing the students. Then. Figure: 18 22 | P a g e .

Teachers Paying Teachers is a similar network that allows educators to sell their lesson plans to other instructors.a great motivation for hesitant writers. Cast: Teachers need help and support with their lesson plans just as much as students need help with studying for exams. or resource using video. documents. Lesson Cast allows teachers to submit a 2-minute lesson plan strategy. The students get the benefit of other students and parents commenting on their work. Kid Blog: Designed specifically for younger students. and share it with other instructors. Figure: 19 11. PowerPoint. log provides a safe opportunity for children to start up their own blog connected to the classroom Teachers can help students design a blog around a science project.10. a history lesson. etc. The free-based software is just another way to offer networking opportunities and a general pool of knowledge that globally impacts education in a positive way. or an entire year’s worth of school progress. Figure: 20 23 | P a g e . Kid Blog makes it easy to keep the child and content secure from the dangers of the Internet. idea.

When it is report time. The platform monitors the student’s activity and uses the information to give the student the best personalized resources based on their level of performance. Using the same idea as pinning and bookmarking. People who are frustrated with the bureaucracy of grant writing decide to strike out on their own and build a project from the ground up.12. The technology also boasts integration among different disciplines creating a more comprehensive set of resources that interact with one another. With Donors Choose. and custom graphics to create a visually appealing presentation for their latest project. 14. individuals can fund or back any project they choose. Glogster EDU: Gone are the days of laboring over a diorama made from a shoebox or wrestling with markers on a poster board. You can also browse other binders and share your own. Knewton grows more intuitive the more the student uses the software. Donors Choose: Funding websites are popping up all over the Internet. It can follow a student through their entire education career. Live Binders Those handy three ring binders are now digital. The Glogs are easy to make and share! 13. the binder allows educators to collect and organize resources for lesson plans. 15. text. it gets the attention and money it needs. video. Knewton: This new technology company aims at personalizing content for optimal learning. students can use Glogster to creatively display their research. you can pitch your idea for your classroom. Then they share it across social media and if a teacher has created the project pitch well. 24 | P a g e . Much like Kickstarter. Teachers create projects they hope to accomplish with their students. The Live Binder can also work for students who are amassing resources for a big project. Glogster allows students to collage pictures.

1. as it offers a Face booklike environment where classes can connect online. Skype: 25 | P a g e .Social Learning These tools use the power of social media to help students learn and teachers connect. Grockit: Get your students connected with each other in study sessions that take place on this g great social site. Figure: 23 4. Figure: 21 2. Edmond: Teachers and students can take advantage of this great tech tool. Edu Blogs: Edu Blogs offers a safe and secure place to set up blogs for yourself or your classroom. Figure: 22 3.

and inspirational material Figure: 26 26 | P a g e . Pinterest: You can pin just about any image you find interesting on this site. or let them collaborate to build their own educational wiki on Wikis paces. even those in other countries. projects. Figure: 25 6. media. Figure: 24 5. Wikis paces: Share lessons. Even cooler.Skype can be a great tool for keeping in touch with other educators or even attending meetings online. and other materials online with your students. it can help teachers to connect with other classrooms. but many teachers are using it as a place to collect great lesson plans.

and connect with other educators. Figure: 29 27 | P a g e .7. Quora: While Quora is used for a wide range of purposes. Ning: Ning allows anyone to create a personalized social network. it can be a great tool for educators. teachers can manage lessons. share content. It can be used to connect with other professionals or to engage students in discussion after class. Figure: 27 8. which can be great for both teachers and students alike. engage students. Schoology: Through this social site. Figure: 28 9.

Open Study: Encourage your students to work together to learn class material by using a social study site like Open Study. 12. Figure: 31 13. but focuses on students. helping them to learn languages and understand cultures different from their own. science. Khan Academy: Many teachers use this excellent collection of math. Figure: 30 11. Figure: 32 28 | P a g e . anywhere. ePals: One of the coolest benefits of the Web is being able to connect with anyone.10. ePals does just that. MangaHigh: MangaHigh offers teachers a wealth of resources for game-based learning in mathematics. and finance lectures and quizzes to supplement their classroom materials.

On it. Figure: 33 15. Animoto: Animoto makes it simple to create video-based lessons or presentations for the classroom and to share them with students or anyone else. Educreations: Educreations is an amazing online tool for the iPad that lets teachers (or students) creates videos that teach a given topic. Perfect for studying or getting students to show off their knowledge. Figure: 34 16. Figure: 35 29 | P a g e . Fun Brain: If you’re looking for a great collection of educational games. teachers can take advantage of fun tools for math and reading. look no further than Fun Brain.14.

Figure: 38 30 | P a g e . drawing tools. Kerpoof: On Kerpoof. mobile devices. Even better. The site personalizes online learning content for each student according to his or her needs.17. and with Knewton it’s something that any teacher can access and use. and tablets. teachers can easily assess student progress and track grades. this student response system engages students through games and exercises on any device they have on hand. students can get creative with their learning with games. and more that are both fun and educational. Figure: 37 19. Socrative: Available for computers. Figure: 36 18. Knewton: Adaptive learning has been a hot topic in recent months. interactive activities.

Figure: 39 21. Common Core assignments. Teachers Pay Teachers: Have great lessons to share? Looking for something to add to your classes? On this site you can do both. selling your own class materials and buying high-quality resources from other teachers. this site is a fully-featured tool for teaching and learning that can be a big help in the classroom. online writing and peer reviews. giving students practice while they have fun. teachers can take advantage of a wide range of math learning games. Figure: 40 Lesson Planning and Tools Use these tech tools to pull together great lessons and design amazing and memorable student projects.20. and multimedia lessons available. weekly writing practice. Study Sync: With a digital library. 31 | P a g e . Carrot Sticks: On this site. 22.

Plan board: Make sure your lessons are organized and that your day runs smoothly with the help of this amazing online tool designed just for teachers. Capzles: There are so many different ways that Capzles can be used in the classroom. Figure: 43 25. allowing them to build sleek. interactive timelines in minutes.Figure: 41 23. there’s bound to be an application that fits your needs. What does it do? Capzles makes it simple to 32 | P a g e . Figure: 42 24. Time toast: Time toast is a pretty cool for student projects.

gather media like photos. Wordle: Create stunning word clouds using Wordle. even allowing collaboration between teachers. Figure: 45 27. and even blog posts into one place. making it perfect for teaching. Figure: 46 33 | P a g e . or online projects. Prezi: Want to build presentations that will wow your students? Make use of this online tool that makes it simple to do all kinds of cool things with your lessons. Figure: 44 26. a great complement to language lessons of any kind. videos. documents. learning.

especially flashcards that can make memorizing important information a snap. Mastery Connect: How are your students performing with regard to state and common core standards? Master Connect makes it simple to track and analyze both. QR Codes: QR codes (or quick response codes) are showing up with greater frequency in education. Figure: 47 29. Quiz let: Quiz let makes it easy for teachers to create study tools for students. Figure: 49 34 | P a g e . as well as other elements of student performance. If you’d like to get in on the trend. you’ll need a tool to create and manage the codes like deliver and one to read codes.28. Figure: 48 30. like any of those listed on this site.

Figure: 51 33. or spreadsheets with students and colleagues as well as give feedback on student-created projects. YouTube: Not all schools allow YouTube. Google Docs: Through Google Docs.31. Figure: 52 35 | P a g e . teachers can create and share documents. presentations. There’s even a special education-focused channel just for teachers and students. TED-Ed: TED isn’t just a great place to find inspiration anymore. Figure: 50 32. but they are missing out as the site contains a wealth of great learning materials for the classroom. the site also contains numerous videos that are organized by subject and can help you to teach everything from how pain relievers work to Shakespearean insults.

Figure: 53 35. which is essentially a collection of high-quality materials that can be used to study a specific concept. offering tools to brainstorm. It’s a great way to create learning materials and a handy tool for creative student projects. Creaza: Want to bring your student projects into the 21st century? Creaza can make those possible.34. and edit audio and video. Figure: 54 36. photos. Mentor Mob: On Mentor Mob. videos. Figure: 55 36 | P a g e . create cartoons. and pretty much anything else you’d like. Glogster: Glogster is a social site that lets users mash up music. you or your students can create a learning playlist.

Figure: 57 39. take part in chats. access it anywhere. and keep it organized. share their ideas. A must-have tool for lesson planning. including email and collaborative apps. Figure: 58 37 | P a g e . and even educational grants. or even use it in the classroom to reach out to students. Ever note: Capture great ideas. videos. professional development. Teachers can connect with other educators. recordings. Google Education: Google offers a number of great edtech resources for teachers. or just about anything else on your Ever note account. Twitter: There are so many ways Twitter can be used in education. lesson plan search.37. Figure: 56 38. photos.

though expensive. Diigo: Diigo lets you treat the web like paper-based reading material. With a host of educational apps being developed for the device. it’s become a favorite of teachers and students alike across the nation. Figure: 59 41. or even add sticky notes. Apple iPad: One of the most widely used. making it simple to highlight. Figure: 61 38 | P a g e . and access any kind of data from anywhere with the easy-to-use and free Drop box service. take notes. bookmark.40. Drop box: Easily store. tech tools being used in today’s classroom is the Apple iPad. share. Figure: 60 42.

music.43. Jing: If you’re teaching kids about tech or just about anything else. swatches. effects. and collaborate. create mind maps. Figure: 62 44. Jing is one great option that allows teachers to take screenshots as images. Aviary: Aviary is a suite of tools that make it easy to edit images. Figure: 64 39 | P a g e . Popplet: You and your students can use Popplet to brainstorm ideas. share. record up to five minutes or videos then edit and share the results. a great screenshot program is essential. and audio or to create and modify screen captures. Figure: 63 45.

Figure: 65 47. Slide Share: With Slide Share. Figure: 67 40 | P a g e . Google Earth: From geography projects to learning about geological processes. documents. and videos and share them with students and colleagues. Donors Choose: Need funding for a classroom project? You can get it through this site that hooks up needy teachers with willing donors.46. Even better. Figure: 66 48. you can take advantage of materials that other have uploaded as well. you can upload your presentations. Google Earth can be an amazing and fast way to show students anywhere in the world.

this tech tool allows us to collect and organize resources. however. Much better than a binder.49. Audio Boo: Through this tool. the site also comes with tools to connect and collaborate and a virtual whiteboard. we can record and share audio for our students or anyone else. Figure: 68 50. Live Binders: Like a real-life three ring binder. Figure: 69 41 | P a g e .

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the sampling technique can be termed as „Convenient Sampling‟ which belongs to „Nonprobability Sampling Technique‟ category. Scaling Technique: To analyze the data collected through survey method. 5(five) point Likert scale was used. both primary and secondary data were used and collected from different sources. Therefore. Using this scale. To collect primary data a set of questions were answered by the customers. It had been protested on 5 respondents before final data collection for more accuracy. All the questions were basically represent the scale (1 to 5) 3.Data collection Data Collection Method Question Development Quantitative Data 15 questions are structured Structured and unstructured questionaries 5 questions are structured Figure: 70 To conduct the study. 43 | P a g e . businessmen and housewives. Primary data sources were students. Sampling Technique: The sample was selected for this study based on the interviewers‟ convenience. In contrast. Question development and pretest: A questionnaire with 15 (fifteen) questions was developed for obtaining quantitative primary data in this research. Secondary data sources were literature reviewed. 2. teacher. how the customer appreciates the services was measured to evaluate the significance of those. 1.

Source of data Survey Primary Data Conversation with student and teacher Data Collection IT websites Secondary Data Internet Newspaper Magazine Figure: 71 For collecting the data both primary and secondary sources are used. A Structured and unstructured questionnaire is designed.4. Sample size: The sample size was 50. Data collection method: A quantitative data collection method is used for the report. Primary Sources:  Conversation with the students  Discussion with the teachers  Questionnaires survey Secondary Sources:  IT website  Different journals and articles  Internet browsing 5. And the whole survey was conducted with the student and teachers. Each item will be rated on a likert scale of (5 to 1) 44 | P a g e .

Conceptual framework: Facebook Academic Sector Skype Google Figure: 72  Independent Variable: Face book. Skype and Google are Independent variable.  Dependent variable: Academic sectors are dependent variable. Data collection instrument A structured and unstructured Questionnaire is used in this report to collect the data 7. Question design The design of the questionnaire is prepared with close-ended questions.6. 45 | P a g e . These questions were rated on a five point scale which is given below: Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree 5 4 3 2 Strongly Disagree 1 8.

Findings and analysis: Q1: Is the condition of IT on academic sector in Bangladesh favorable Strongly disagree 0% Disagree 25% Strongly agree 35 Neutral 5% Agree 35 Figure: 73 Q2: Is every educational sector is getting benefit from IT? 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Strongly agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly disagree Figure: 74 46 | P a g e .9.

Q3: Are all educational institutions teaching about IT? Strongly disagree 0% 20% Disagree 10% Neutral 30% Agree 40% Strongly agree Figure: 75 4: Is IT important for our academic sector? 20% 0% Strongly agree Agree 40% Neutral 10% Disagree Strongly disagree 30% Figure: 76 Q5: Do you get educational information from IT? 40% 30% 20% 10% Strongly agree Agree Neutral Disagree 0% Strongly disagree Figure: 77 47 | P a g e .

Q6: Has IT created new income generation opportunity?

50%
30%
25%
5%
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agree

Agree

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disagree

Figure: 78
Q7: Do you think that IT changes our life style?

40%
30%
20%

10%
Strongly agree

Agree

Neutral

0%
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Strongly
disagree

Figure: 79
Q8: Has IT better access to current information?

40%

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agree

20%
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Agree

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Figure: 80

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Q9: Do you think IT improves relationship between teacher and students?

Strongly disagree

0%
20%

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10%

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30%

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40%

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Figure: 81
10: Do you think that the government has taken any step for IT?

40%
30%
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10%

Strongly agree

Agree

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0%
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Figure: 82
11: Does IT make education easy?

Strongly agree

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30%

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Strongly disagree

10%

20%

40%

20%

0%

Figure: 83

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Q12: Does IT work as helping hand for teacher?

40%
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0%
Figure: 84
Strongly
Agree
Neutral
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Strongly
agree
disagree
Q13: Is there any drawback of IT on education in Bangladesh?

Strongly Disagree

0%

Disagree

0%

Neutral

10%

Agree

40%

Strongly Agree

50%

Figure: 85
Q14: Does IT make the world of education smaller than before?

50%

40%

10%

Strongly Agree

Agree

Neutral

0%

0%

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Strongly Disagree

Figure: 86

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15: Are academic institutions providing tuitions for using IT? 60% 20% 10% 10% 0% Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly disagree Figure: 87 51 | P a g e .

200 students. and even to communicate with the teacher 52 | P a g e . Additionally. 2. create projects. And for these students only one computer projector is available. especially if you have a one-on-one program can be very beneficial since students can pick up a computer at the beginning of the day and use it in all of their classes to take notes. For example. teachers must learn how to ensure that students are learning skills rather than simply learning how to efficiently use technology. varying Internet speeds and devices available to students at home may cause some students difficulty. and some schools within a district have much greater financial support from parents than do others. A recent survey in the poor inner Dhaka city educational institutions has revealed that there were three computer labs for approximately 3. and two of those labs were essentially closed to the general student body for the year. so students had very few hands-on computer opportunities. Additionally. Other schools in the district. however. Unavailability of Computer opportunities: School college & University resources are not always shared equitably. Computer malfunctions can cause them to lose assignments or materials. 3. acquiring information in an online course relies largely on student motivation and self-monitoring. Potential Pitfalls for students: Discrepancies in computer skills may make assignments more difficult to complete for some students. which may be difficult for some students. Teachers can also find the amount of student communication via email overwhelming if they have increased numbers of students.Problem of IT on academic sector 1. do research. using a graphing calculator in a geometry class may make it easier for students to find angle measures without understanding properties of a triangle. Unskilled Staffs and teachers: Computers. 4. In the case of online courses taken from home. much smaller student/computer ratio. enjoyed a much. Instructional Challenge: One disadvantage for teachers at all levels of education is trying to keep up with changing technologies and learning how to use both hardware and software for educational purposes.

Cool Activity: Without knowing it teachers can create computer-related activities that are quite exciting. This actually should not be an option for a school. teachers focus too much on the "cool activity" rather than the actual lesson itself. We also in this "tech age" need to teach computer literacy and internet research skills. Students are very much engaged with using technology since we are living in a "tech age. 7. Inappropriate access: During Education while lecturers provide lessons students can easily get off task. 5. MySpace etc. Many students try to access music downloads inappropriate video and websites. Peoples download Pornography which is illegal and which is destroying us both mentally and physically. (I know that schools usually block these sites. and many of them use these sources We must teach our students at a young age how to use technology appropriately and how it can benefit their education. Plagiarizing: An alarming number of students use the computer as a plagiarizing mechanism.and other students using classroom blogs. 53 | P a g e . There are programs now available for institutions to catch students who plagiarize which are a nightmare for students who cheat. but the intended content is not learned i. and other off-task content. but a mandate because most of our students go home and use technology and inappropriately. 6." We can see computers and the internet being a potential problem IF the school and staff are not properly trained and IF they do not properly train the students. but students often find ways around them. They may wander to sites like Face book. go on the internet. We need to teach our students appropriate behavior using technology and how to appropriately communicate online.e. Some students would rather search online for the topic they are writing on and copy and paste the essay into their own paper. 8. Physical harm: Too much use of technology especially computer spoil eye sight if look on the monitor too much.

Students too may find themselves increasingly reliant on the computers and not be well-versed with more traditional ways of learning. Teachers may not be able to fully harness the power of the technology because it has not been fully integrated into the curriculum yet. 54 | P a g e .9. They may also find themselves engaged in social networking online rather than using computers for educational purposes. Too much reliant on Technology: A disadvantage of Technology is both the learning and the teaching processes is the unlimited freedom offered by the technology.

2. Due to lack of experience there is a chance of having some mistake in the report. Though we have given utmost effort to prepare this report but there are some limitations of the study. Another limitation of this report is IT policy of not disclosing the facts 5. Desired information could not be collected due to confidentiality of business. We faced some usual constraints during preparing of the report. Lack of in-depth knowledge & analytical ability for writing such report 4. 55 | P a g e . But we have tried our best to do fewer mistakes and provide the accurate information about IT and its services towards the academics. All the concerned personnel of the academic institutions not been interviewed 3.Limitation of the study Every task has some limitations. They are as follows1.

3. Government and the educational institutes have to take necessary steps to ensure that all students can use IT equipment. watching videos instead of attending the lecture. Student has to focus on using IT on educational purpose: Usually students know all the entertaining side of the IT. Students have to understand the benefits of IT in educational aspects. And teachers and the guardians should make them understand. Here the teachers and instructors do not know how to use IT related instruments properly. Technology related education (How to use technology): Technology related education is very important in our country. Need to train the instructors about the user mandates of technology: A number of instructor knows properly how to use IT the educational purposes very well. But there are also huge educational use of IT. The institutes. especially the guardians can do counselling to solve the problem. Even in the classes the mischievous students are listening to the music. Most of all government and the educational institutes have to take necessary steps to provide training to the instructors and teachers. which has become a massive problem of our country. Government and the educational institutes have to take necessary steps to provide training to the instructors and teachers. But they do not know how teach the students. 4. The Institution can do counseling about not to use IT inappropriately: Students and the children are wasting valuable times on entertainment through IT related instruments. 5. For that they are unable to teach how to use IT in terms of education to the students. 2. Institutions can arrange IT equipment for the students: In the institute students are not getting sufficient IT equipment which is a big problem for the educational system of our country.Recommendation: 1. Especially in schools. 56 | P a g e .

In some cases only Family and Social education will not let them to choose this wrong path. which is unimaginable harmful as both physically & mentally.6. Give emphasis on family & social education: A major number of young generation is abusing IT & IT tools to get addicted to pornography and other cyber related crime. We have to use both modern and traditional teaching method: We should not forget the traditional method of teaching because now a days still it is the best method of teaching. 8. lectures. 7. So we can invent a teaching system which use both modern and traditional teaching method for the benefit of the potential students. So teachers may not focus on cool activities. The Institute can ensure it by proper random inspections. projects through IT. Teachers may not focus on cool activities. imagining this as a cool activity. 57 | P a g e . they have to focus on academic related lessons. So we must give emphasis on family & social education. they have to focus on academic related lesson: Students have also complains about the cool activity. In this cases the actual purpose of education is not serving. Teachers are providing assignments.

for example.Conclusion IT continues to develop rapidly as the key underlying technologies of semiconductors. the effects of IT on society often take place more slowly than visionaries predict. Throughout society. households. and network communications improve at exponential rates. Nevertheless. including the economy. individuals and organizations actively adapt (and sometimes resist) the technologies. A doubling of processing speeds. disk drives. does not bring a doubling of utility. 58 | P a g e . government. The effective implementation and use of IT are the result of a complex process that requires not only adoption of a technology but also changes in organizations and institutions. As part of this process. Constant improvements in the underlying technologies make possible new IT applications that affect all areas of society. As a result. the utility of IT applications tends to advance much more slowly than the underlying technologies. In the as normal sensible people we have to accept the advantages and disadvantages of technology then we will try to minimize the disadvantages in order to move on in our life. and the R&D enterprise. the effects—driven by the continual change in underlying technologies—are substantial over time.

http://www.com/definition/IT 3. http://en.Appendix: 1 Citations 1.org/wiki/Information_technology 59 | P a g e .techterms.com/definition/information-technology-IT.html 2. http://searchdatacenter.techtarget.businessdictionary. http://www.com/definition/it 3.wikipedia.

There are several statement below .Appendix: 2 Information Technology (IT) survey-2014 Please think carefully about all your experience and answer the following question. The following scaling techniques have been used for each question in the questionnaire.For each one please places a tick on the scale of (1 to 5). 5=strongly Agree 4=Agree 3=Neutral 2= Disagree 1= Strongly disagree Is the condition of IT on 1 academic sector in Bangladesh 5=(Strongly 4=Agree 3=Neutral Agree) 2= Disagree 1=( Strongly disagree) good? Is every 2 educational 5=(Strongly sector is getting Agree) 4=Agree 1=( Strongly 3=Neutral 2= Disagree disagree) benefit from IT? Are all educational 3 institutions teaching about 5=(Strongly 1=( Strongly 4=Agree 3=Neutral Agree) 2= Disagree disagree) IT? Is IT important 4 for our 5=(Strongly educational Agree) 1=( Strongly 4=Agree 3=Neutral 2= Disagree disagree) background? 60 | P a g e .Tick on the boxes below against each statement.

Do you get 5 educational 5=(Strongly information from Agree) 4=Agree 3=Neutral 2= Disagree 3=Neutral 2= Disagree 3=Neutral 2= Disagree 4=Agree 3=Neutral 2= Disagree 4=Agree 3=Neutral 2= Disagree 4=Agree 3=Neutral 2= Disagree 4=Agree 3=Neutral 2= Disagree 4=Agree 3=Neutral 2= Disagree 4=Agree 3=Neutral 2=Disagree 1=( Strongly disagree) IT? Has IT created 6 new income 5=(Strongly generation Agree) 4=Agree 1=( Strongly disagree) opportunity? Do you think 7 that IT changes our life style? 5=(Strongly 4=Agree Agree) 1=( Strongly disagree) Has IT better 8 access to 5=(Strongly current Agree) 1=( Strongly disagree) information? Do you think IT Improves 9 relationship between teacher 5=(Strongly Agree) 1=( Strongly disagree) and student? Do you think that the 10 government has 5=(Strongly taken any step Agree) 1=( Strongly disagree) for IT development? 11 Does IT make 5=(Strongly education easy? Agree) 1=( Strongly disagree) Does IT work as a helping hand 12 for teachers 5=(Strongly regarding Agree) 1=( Strongly disagree) teaching method? Are there any 13 drawbacks of IT 5=(Strongly in education Agree) 1= (Strongly Disagree) Bangladesh? 61 | P a g e .

Does IT make the world of 14 education smaller than 5=(Strongly Agree) 4=Agree 3=Neutral 2= Disagree 4=Agree 3=Neutral 2= Disagree 1=( Strongly disagree) before? Are educational institutions 15 providing tuitions using 5=(Strongly Agree) 1=( Strongly disagree) IT? 62 | P a g e .

Appendix: 3 Abbreviation Full Term IT Information technology CPU Central processing units GUI Graphical user interface BUET Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology BASIS Bangladesh Association of Software and Information Services GDP Gross domestic product BASIC Beginner all-purpose symbolic instruction code ENIAC Electronic numerical integrator and computer IEEE The institution of Electrical and Electronics Engineers AC After The Birth of Christ BC Before Christ 63 | P a g e .