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The 1601 Elizabethan Poor Law

Before the Reformation, it was considered to be a
religious duty for all Christians to undertake the
seven corporal works of mercy. These were deeds
aimed at relieving bodily distress: in accordance with
the teaching of Jesus (Matthew 25 vv. 32-46) people
were to
`feed the hungry
`give drink to the thirsty
`welcome the stranger
`clothe the naked
`visit the sick
`visit the prisoner
bury the dead


Provisions of the Elizabethan Poor Law of 1601
It [43 Eliz I Cap. 2], consolidated all the previous
legislation into one massive law and made provision
`a compulsory poor rate to be levied on every parish
`the creation of 'Overseers' of relief
`the 'setting the poor on work'
`the collection of a poor relief rate from property
1617 Sisterhood of the Dames de Charity- St.
Vincent de Paul
In 1633, a French widow named Louise de Marillac
and a French priest named Vincent de Paul founded
the Daughters of Charity to serve the poor of France.
Saint Vincent de Paul had organized the first
"Charities" (or Confraternities) in 1617. The
Confraternities were composed of women from
relatively modest backgrounds, who wished to
devote themselves to the service of the poor and the
sick in their villages or parishes.


1798 Marine Hospital Service--- Public Health
The Marine-Hospital Service was an organization of
Marine Hospitals dedicated to the care of ill and
disabled seamen in the U.S. Merchant Marine, U.S.
Coast Guard and other federal beneficiaries.
1812 Sisters of Mercy
The Religious Sisters of Mercy (R.S.M.) are members
of a religious institute of Catholic women founded in
1831, in Dublin, Ireland, by Catherine McAuley (1778
- 1841). In 2003, the institute had about 10,000
members worldwide, organized into a number of
independent congregations.



1813 Ladies Benevolent society
The Benevolent Society, founded by Edward Smith
Hall in 1813, is Australia's first charity.[citation
needed] It is an independent, non-religious, nonprofit organisation which aims to help people
overcome barriers preventing them from
participating fully in society. Many of today's
essential social services in Australia were pioneered
by The Benevolent Society[citation needed] and
since its earliest days it has advocated progressive,
positive social change, and this legacy informs their
work today
1884 Beginning of RED CROSS
The International Red Cross and Red Crescent
Movement started in 1863 and was inspired by a
Swiss businessman, Henry Dunant. He had been
appalled at the suffering of thousands of men, on
both sides, who were left to die due to lack of care
after the Battle of Solferino in 1859.