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Friday, December 16, 2011

Frequently Asked Questions

COGNOS BI FAQ’s

1) What is a Data Warehouse?
A Data Warehouse Is a Structured Repository of Historical Data. It Is Developed
in an Evolutionary Process
By Integrating Data from Non-integrated Legacy Systems.
It Is Usually:
• Subject Oriented
• Integrated
• Time Variant
• Non-volatile
(OR)
A Data Warehouse is a collection of data marts representing historical data from
different operation data sources (OLTP). The data from these OLTP are structured and
optimized for querying and analysis in a Data Warehouse.
(OR)
Data Warehouse an enterprise structured repository of subject-oriented, timevariant, historical data used for information retrieval and decision support. The data
warehouse stores atomic and summary data. The data warehouse is the source data
stored in the data marts.
(OR)
Data warehousing is the central repository for the data of several business
systems in an enterprise. Data from various resources extracted and organized in the
data warehouse selectively for analysis and accessibility.
2) Define Cognos?
Cognos is Business Intelligence and performance management software that
enables users to extract data, analyze it, and then assemble reports.
3) What are the tiers of the Cognos Architecture?
IBM Cognos is three Tier Architecture:
Ø Web server
Ø Applications
Ø Data

4) Define Business Intelligence
Business Intelligence is a broad category of application programs and
technology used for querying, Reporting and analyzing the business.
5) What is a Data Mart?
A Data Mart is a subset of a data warehouse that can provide data for
reporting and analysis.
6) What is HPQS?
Data Marts are sometimes also called as HPQS (Higher Performance Query
Structure).
7) What is multi dimension analysis?
It is a technique to modify the data so that the data can be view at the
different levels of details.
8) What are the responsibilities of Cognos Administrator?
A Cognos Administrator is assigned with following responsibilities.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Installations and configurations in distributed network environment.
Creating the Repository (Content Store).
Perform back up and recovery of Meta Data.
Developing the user Administration.
Tuning the servers.
Deployment.
9) Responsibility of Cognos Architect?
An Architect is responsible for designing the interface by fulfilling the user
requirements.
Once the interface has been designed it should be rigorously tested before
distributing to the end user population.
10) Roles of the Application Developer?
Design the Reports according to the Report requirement templates.

a.
b.

Testing the each report with the following types of tests.
Unit Testing
System Testing

2.The OLAP tool. Business Objects. which works with Multidimensional databases.The OLAP tool which works Multidimensional database. 14) What is an Interface? An Interface is a gateway between the user and database. Dbase. 17) Define Windows based components? A Framework manager is windows based modeling tool used for creating a project (interface). Clipper. 15) What is the role of a Data Warehouse in creating the Interface? Data Warehouse acts as Source to the Interface. Power Cube 4. Ex:-Oracle. An Interface is isolates the complexity and diversity if data bases. Windows based components. Performance Testing 11) What is OLAP? OLAP stands for Online Analytical Processing. 18) Define Web based Components? . An Interface needs to be designed by fulfilling the report requirement. Ex: . Tera Data. 1. Paradox. It uses database tables (Fact and Dimension tables) to enable multidimensional viewing. Web based components. DB2. Except data warehouse databases the other databases are OLTPs. 16) What are the types of components installed while loading the Cognos Software? When we install the Cognos Report Net Software there are two types of components get installed:1. 3. analysis and querying of large amount of data. An Interface contains a logical pointers which pointes to data in the Data Warehouse.c. 12) What are the types of OLAPs? DOLAP:-The OLAP tool which works with desktop databases are called as DOLAP Ex:. with Relational databases and 13) What is OLTP? OLTP stands for Online Transaction Processing. which works with Relational databases.Cognos.FoxPro. Ex: . ROLAP:-The OLAP tool. are called as MOLAP. 2. These OLTP databases are designed for recording the daily operations and transactions of a business. SQL Server. A good OLAP Interface writes an efficient SQL read on accurate data from database. are called as MOLAP. MOLAP: . are called as ROLAP.ESSBASE. HOLAP: .

Metric Studio 19) Components of Cognos: 1. 21) What are the advanced features of Cognos? The Cognos Report Net has multilingual database accessibility. . Map manager and Metrics designer 20) What are the phases of the Cognos Workflow? Plan. which are used for working with local Language that the default value is ‘EN’. 6.The following are the web based components. Model. Cognos connection Query Studio Report Studio Analysis Studio Event Studio Metric Studio. Report Studio D. 4. Cognos connection B. Consume. Author. Query Studio C. The parameter maps are key value phase. Manage. 5. Event Studio F. 3. 7. Framework manager. A. 2. Analysis Studio E.

a collection of user accounts and user groups from an authentication provider. we cannot delete Cognos namespace 30) What is the Cognos Namespace? And what it contains? The Cognos namespace is the Cognos built-in namespace It contains Cognos objects: Groups Roles Sources . 26) What are phases the workflow process consists in Framework Manager? The workflow process consists of the following phases: * Design and create project * Prepare Metadata * Prepare the Business View * Create and Manger Packages * Set Security * Publish * Manage the Project Ø Ø Ø Ø 27) How you set the security Framework manager? To set the security you have to set as: Define access to packages. 29) Can you delete Cognos namespace? No. To create model the metadata derived from one or more data sources 24) How a project appears in a Frame Work manager? A frame work manager project appears as a folder that contains a project file (. A Name Space uniquely represents the Query Subjects. 25) What are the Building Blocks in Frame Work Manager? The Query subjects are called Building Blocks in Framework Manager. A Name Space is a container. which holds the Query Subjects. Create security filters Define access to objects Define package administration access 28) Define Name Space? In security.Framework Manager 22) What is Framework manager? Frame Work Manager is windows based metadata modeling tool for Cognos studios.cpf) and the specific XML files that define the project. 23) Why we need Framework manager? To create the interface known as Project.

32) What is Folder? A Folder is used to organize the Query Subjects. archive-log. 36) What is Presentation layer? The Presentation layer makes it easier for report authors to find and understand their data. However. you can restrict the function sets. 37) Define function set: A function set is a collection of vendor specific database. 33) Define Relationship? A Relationship is a connection that explains how the data in one Query Subject relates to data in other Query Subjects. Project Name . 39) What is a Project? When we work with a framework manager you work in a project. Preferences .Distribution lists Contacts 31) What are the Groups and Roles? Groups and roles represent collections of users that perform similar tasks. The Expression editor lists the function sets for all available vendors. so that it lists only the vendors that you want to use in your project. Customdata. The Presentation layer is made up primarily of model query subjects that you create. which contains following files. Modelers create packages in Framework Manager to publish models to the Cognos connection. 35) What is Physical layer? The Physical layer provides the physical query layer and is made up primarily of data source and stored procedure query subjects. Project is a set of metadata organized for Report Authors according to the Business rules and Model. a. 34) What is a Package? A container of model or set of models. session-log-backup. It acts as the foundation for the presentation layer.XML e.xml f.XML c.XML d.xml i. session-log.CPF (Cognos Project File) b.xml g. A Project created appears as folder. log. 38) What is a Metadata? Data about data is called as Metadata. IDLog. The Metadata contains the definition of a data.xml . Model .xml h.

2. Query Item I. Namespaces C. . 44) What are Confirmed Dimensions? The Dimensions which are reusable and fixed in nature. 3. so that report authors can use it. 43) What are Dimensions? Dimensions are categories by which summarized data can be viewed. 46) What are the types of FACTs? The types of Facts are: 1. Or A model is a set of related query subjects and other objects. Parameter maps E. Additive Facts: .A Fact which can be summed up to a few dimensions and not for all dimensions and not for all dimensions available in the Fact Table. Folders G. Frame work manager automatically creates a data source query subject for each table and view that you import into model. This Fact Table has a foreign key – primary key relation with a dimension table. 48) Explain about Data Source Query Subject? Data Source query subjects contain SQL statements the directly reference data in a single data source. Semi-Additive Facts: . Query Subject H.A Fact which can be summed up for any of the dimension available in the Fact Table. Packages F. A Model B.The files in the folder are unique to that Project. 40) Define Publish? To transfer all or part of a Framework Manager model to the Cognos connection. 45) What are Fact Tables? A Fact Table is a table that contains summarized numerical (facts) and historical data. Non-Additive Fact: .a fact which cannot be summed up for any of the dimensions available in the Fact Table. 47) Define Query? A description of the data to be retrieved from a database. Relation ship 42) What is a Model? A model in Frame work manager is a business presentation of the structure of the data from one or more databases. 41) What a Project contains? A. Data sources D.

Pass-through SQL. 1. v. There is no opportunity for Frame work manager to automatically optimize performance. . 2. such as Oracle SQL.49) When the default data source query subject is created? During the initial metadata import operation. Disadvantages: 1. 1. 53) Define Native SQL? Native SQL is the SQL. Advantages: Performance is optimized across all related query subjects. Types of SQL. 1. Disadvantages: 1. iii. 2. 54) Define Pass-Through SQL? Pass-Through SQL lets you use native SQL without any of the restrictions the data source imposes on sub queries. Native SQL 3. 52) Define Cognos SQL? By default Cognos Frame work manager uses Cognos SQL to create and edit Query subjects. iv. 50) How can you edit the data source query subject? i. The query subject may not work on different database type. These all are we can find it in “Edit definition window”. a default data source query subject is created for each object you select (for example table) and creates the default relationships between query subjects for you automatically. Have fewer database restrictions Interact more effectively with Cognos applications. ii. The SQL may not work on a different data source. 2. Advantages: You can enter any SQL supported by the database. Change the SQL type. You cannot use SQL that the data source does not support for sub queries. vi. Change how SQL is generated. Cognos SQL 2. 1. Apply or embed a filter Apply or embed a calculation Insert a Macro Insert a data source reference. but you cannot uses Native SQL in a query subject that references more than one data source in the project. 51) What are the types of SQL? SQL is the industry language for creating. Disadvantages: You can not enter nonstandard SQL. You can use SQL that is specific to your database. 3. updating and querying relational data base management system. the data source uses. Advantages: Can contain metadata from multiple data sources.

2. 1. A Query Subject is also known as Business View. 57) What are the types of Query subjects? Default data source query subjects Model Query Subjects Stored Query subjects 58) What is a Query Item? A query Item maps to columns to the database table. . 3. 2. Limited Local: The database server does as much of the SQL processing and Execution as possible. 1. 59) How can you restrict the tables retrieved by a query? By setting governors we can restrict the tables. such as Sorting on non-indexed columns Outer joins Suppress duplicates Cross-product queries Retrieval of large text items Number of records Number of tables Query execution time 61) What is a User Class? A defined group of users with the same data access needs privileges and restrictions. avg) b. Database only: The database server does all the SQL processing and execution with the exception of tasks not supported by the database. 4. Governor settings are used to set restrictions on queries by user class. Create new report items using data from existing report items. This process is known as Scrubbing at Project level. c. 7. 60) What is meant by Governors? To apply privileges and restrictions for a user class. 1. 5. 56) What is Query Subject? A Query Subject maps to the table in the database.55) What are Query Processing Types? There are two types of query processing. 3. 8. Use model calculations provided in the package. 2. A Query Subject uses an SQL to retrieve the data from the data source. 6. some reports or report sections use local SQL processing. 62) What is Scrubbing at Project level? According to the report requirements derive the new Items with the help of existing Query Items. 63) How can you add the calculated data to a report? a. An error appears if any reports of report sections require local SQL processing. Summarize existing detail values predefined summary functions (such as sum. However. A Query Subject contains Query Items.

65) What is Multi Database Access in Cognos ? In Cognos "Framework Manager" a Project can be created from multiple databases. . Model (Query subjects & Query Items) 2. 1. 2. The different usage property settings are: * Identifies * Fact * Attribute * Unknown 71) What are the types of filters in Framework manager? In framework manager we can create two types of filters. Stored Procedure. 1. 68) What are the different ways to modify multi lingual metadata? Macro :. PDF. 72) Define Model Filter? A filter is a condition used to restrict the data displayed in the Report. A Parameter map sub situates the values at the query at runtime.To modify dynamically Directly 69) What is a Macro? A Macro is a runtime object. Query filters. Model filter are reusable. Model filters. Data Sources (Tables and Columns) 3. and XML. 67) What is the default formats of reports? HTML. 1. CSV. which uses the parameter maps and session parameters in developing the conditional query subjects. 2. It determines the aggregation rules of query items and calculations. which restricts the amount of data displayed in the report.64) What are the sources to create new Query subjects? A new Query Subject can be created from the following sources. 70) What is usage property? And what are different settings to set usage property? It identifies the intended use for the data represented by each query item. The databases can be either homogenous or hydrogenous. 66) What are Parameter Maps? A Parameter Map is a key value pair used in creation of conditional Query Subjects. 73) Define Data restriction: A filter is a condition.

75) Types of Conditions: Conditions are of 2 types: 1. Detailed Filters 2. .74) What is condition? An expression that yields a Boolean value. query filters. 79) What are the uses of Alias Table? The uses of Alias Table are: 1. Tabular Filters:. styles. 76) What are the types of filters in Report Studio? In the report studio we can find two types of filters. 78) What is Alias Table? An alternative name for a table generally used in self joins. Dynamic Condition: -A condition can be keep on change whenever you run the report. A Join is commonly formed by a foreign key definition within the database.These filters are two types a. A Loop can be resolved by creating the short cuts (Alias). Summary Filters b. 2. Grouped Filter 77) What is a Loop? A Loop is a closed path which is resulted due to joins. Static Condition: . Conditions are used in query expressions. 82) What is an Ambiguous Relationship? An ambiguous relationship is where there are multiple relationship paths between one or more query subjects leaving multiple options for how to write a query. 1. A Loop causes performance degradation of query execution and wrong data will be displayed in the report. To resolve the Loops. 83) What is a Join and types of Joins? A Join identifies the columns from one table that are used to link to another table.Condition doesn’t change whenever you run the report. data sources. Associated data item suppress duplicate data values but do not generate a control break. 2. To provide alternate join structure. layouts and blocks. and Boolean report variables that can be used for conditional formatting. 80) What is Associated Data Item? A Data Item linked to the group data item. The location of the group where you create the summary determines its automatic association. 81) What is Automatic Association? The group association of a newly created summary. The associated column displays only one data values for the group with which it is associated. 3. To create self-joins with in a table.

Ø Ø Ø Ø Ø 88) What are the User Interface Components? Cognos Connection Report Studio Query Studio Frame work manager Cognos configuration . Equi-joins Non equi-joins Outer joins 84) What is a dimension? A broad grouping of descriptive data about a major aspect of a business. 3. 87) Define Surrogate Key? It has system-generated artificial primary key values. dates. or markets. 85) What is a Confirmed Dimension? If a Dimension is connected to multiple fact tables then it is called as Confirmed Dimension. Each dimension includes different levels of members in one or more hierarchies. and an optional set of calculated members. such as products. 2. which allows to maintain historical records in the Data Warehouse more effectively.Types of Joins:1. 86) What is a Junk Dimension? A randomly used dimension is Junk Dimension.

you export. 92) What is a job step? The smallest part of a job that can be run separately. 93) Define content language? The code or setting that specifies what language and regional preferences to use for the data that appears in a report. Usually. 90) What are the types of folders in Cognos connection? Report can be organized by creating the folders. You can have more than one query on a page. Performing the scheduling tasks 3. · · · · · 96) What are the uses of Schedule Management tool? Change the properties of a job Modify a scheduled report View the run history of a report Run a scheduled entry once Delete a schedule 97) What is a Sub Report? A sub query that is associated with a main query. 99) What is a Catalog? . For example. 94) What is deployment? The process of moving a Reports. 95) What is the use of Schedule? The schedule allows you to run a report at a later time or run it on a recurring basis. A job step can also be another job. a job step is a report. and import it. you often create reports in a test environment and then deploy them to production.Cognos Connection 89) Define Cognos connection? It is a web portal. When you deploy an application. My Folders: Personal Folders that you can organize according to your preferences. Deployment Use to access all corporate data available in ReportNet. which allows you to perform the following tasks. 1. 91) What is a job? A group of reports and other jobs in Cognos that you run and schedule as a batch. You can include several sub reports in one main query. 98) What is a Cognos Script? A Script visual basic used to write macros. Public Folders: Public Folders can be viewed by many users. Creating the Reports 2. transfer. models to a different instance of Cognos.

layouts. query items. prompts. and as rows and columns in crosstab reports. . joins. You create report specifications by using Report Studio or Query Studio. For relational data sources. cardinality is the number of members in a hierarchy. Report items appear as columns in list reports. 102) Define calculated member? A member of a dimension whose measure values are not stored but are calculated at run time using an expression. 107) What is work area? The area within a studio that contains the report. sending different results to regional managers by bursting on region. Each Group or section will be displayed in a separate page. In charts. The cardinality property for a hierarchy is used to assign solve orders to expressions. calculations and conditions. You use report views to share a report specification instead of making copies of it. prompts. 108) What is Simple List Report? The data is displayed in a series of columns (Tabular format). and run it once. schedules. and styles in a report. items. For example. 106) What is report item? A query item that is added to a report is known as a report item. or other model objects. 101) What is burst? To create many report results by running a single report once. 105) What is report view? A reference to another report that has its own properties. query or agent currently being used. analysis. or by writing your own report specifications in XML. cardinality indicates the nature of the relationship between two query subjects. 109) How to set Page Breaks? To set the page breaks in the report needs to be designed with either Group or Section. 103) What is cardinality? For OLAP data sources. Report Studio 100) What is a Report Studio? Using Report Studio we can create more advanced professional Business Reports. and results. report items appear as data markers and axis labels. such as prompt values. you can create a report that shows sales for each employee.A Catalog is a data base for a user to create own tables. You set up bursting in Report Studio and enable it in the portal. 104) Define report specification? An XML representation of the queries.

2. 3. 117) What is a cascading prompt? A prompt that uses values from a previous prompt to filter the values in the current prompt or Pick list.?prompt? 1. A report element that asks for parameter values before the report is run. 2. 112) How to eliminate duplicates? The duplicates can be eliminated by creating the Groups 113) What is a prompt? A prompt is an end users object which allows you to select the values or enter the values to restrict the data displayed in the report. Ex :. 1. Single select and auto submit cascading prompt. . A Prompt is known as dynamic filter. Ø Build your own prompt and prompt page. 116) What is a Non-reusable prompt? The prompts that are created in the report environment are called as Nonreusable prompts. 4. Multi select and Re-prompt button cascading prompt. 115) How many ways are there to create prompt? To create a prompt you can: Ø Use the Build prompt page tool.110) What is the procedure for Page Breaks? Select the Grouped Report Item. 114) What are the types of Prompts? The following are the types of prompts: Text box Prompt Value Prompt Select and Search Prompt Date Prompt Time Prompt Date and time Prompt. Prompt can be created using Parameters enclosed between ? marks. Ø Create a prompt directly in a report page. 119) What kind of relationship is required for cascading prompt? To develop the cascading prompt the relationship between the dimensional query Items should be 1 to many (1: M). 111) Define Sections: Like group a section also eliminates the duplicates and display the report item as a separate block and separated from rest of other report items. 5. 118) How many ways we can create Cascading Prompt? A Cascading Prompt can be developed in a two different ways. 6. from the changed layout menu click on set page breaks.

It allows comparing one element with remaining all. XML Format 128) Use of Header and Footer in Reports? Headers and Footers allow you to format the report and present the data in a readable format. 125) Define the Custom Group: A custom group allows you to compare one element in the attribute with remaining all elements with in the same attribute. Note: To convert list to cross tab report minimum 3 report items required. 121) What is Detailed Filter? If the filter is applied before aggregation known as aggregated records are filtered. which restricts the amount of data displayed in the report. 123) What is Group Filter? A filter which is applied to the group is known as Group Filter. you can convert a list report into a cross tab report.120) What is a filter? A filter is a condition. You cannot convert a cross tab or chart into a repeater. 131) What is a Calculation? According to the report requirement a calculation needs to be done using an object known as calculation object this process is known as OLAP Scrubbing. PDF format (Portable Document Format) 2. Descending The default sort is don’t sort. 127) In How many file formats we can export Report Data. CSV Format (Comma Separated Value) 3. . The data can be exported into the following file formats 1. 129) Can you convert list to Cross tab report? Yes. (Detailed Records are filtered) 122) What is Summary Filter? If the filter applied after aggregation than aggregated records are filtered. 126) How the pages of a single report delivered to the browser? Based on the order of the pages add to the report. to gain a different perspective on your data. 124) Define Sorting: Sorts the data in the following 2 directions 1. It is defined for comparative analyses. 130) Can you converting to repeater? Only a list report can be converted into a repeater. Ascending 2.

where the value will be YES or NO. etc. Cross tab report is created with 3 drop zones. 1. To link the Master query and the Detailed query there should be a common column between the query. 3.132) What are the types of Calculations? There are three types of Calculations:1. 3. 1. 139) What are the different types of charts? Column chart Bar Chart Pie Chart Line Chart Area Chart Point Chart Radar Chart .Calculation is performed for non-aggregated (Detail) records 2. 138) Define a chart: A Chart is a graphical presentation of business data. 4.Calculation is performed to develop customized report titles.Calculation is performed for aggregated records. Their should be a common column between the two reports. based on string values you will specify. Row 2. Detail:. Layout Calculation: . 135) What is Drill Through? A Drill Through allows you to navigate the information from summery to detail. A Master detail report provides navigation form summary to detail. 2. Group: . Language variable: Language variable when the values are different languages. 6. 136) Define Cross Tab Report: Design a Cross Tab Report for comparative analysis. Column 3.. String variable: If there is more than one outcome. 2. 1. 133) To get the possible outcomes what types of variables you use? Boolean variable: If there are only two possible outcomes. 5. A chart Report is designed for comparative Analysis. Child Report which contains Detailed Data. 7.. A Drill Through id developed with two reports Parent Report which contains Summary Data. 134) What is Master detail relationship? A Master detail relationship allows you to merge a Master query and Detail query. Measure 137) What all the types of Cross Tab layouts Cognos Report Net supports? Cognos Report net supports only Basic and Nested Cross Tab layouts. page No.

A report needs to be designed with group. .140) Define Collapse Group: It will suppress (hide) the details of a grouped report. 141) Define Expand Group: It restores the details.

Measures are also known as facts. including formatting. In report specifications. A design time environment acts as a runtime environment. For example. though numbers.Query Studio 142) What is Query Studio? Query Studio is the adhoc querying tool. but product codes. The sub totals can be generated by creating the Groups. 146) Define layout: In reporting. Measures are quantitative performance indicators. 145) How Grand totals and Sub totals are generated in Query Studio? In Query Studio the footer summaries (Grand Totals) are automatically generated for measures. layout defines the appearance of the report. 144) What is measure? A query item that contains values that can be aggregated to produce meaningful results. and design. It’s also known as self service. are not usually treated the same way. . product costs can be treated as a measure because average and total costs have some meaning. layout is also the name of an element that defines how the data returned by queries is presented. style. 143) What is a adhoc report? An adhoc report is a simple report or one-time report that is outside the set of standard reports you may have available to you. Measures give the numbers that usually appear in the cells of cross tab reports or in the numbers of a chart.

151) What is content store? The database that contains all data that ReportNet needs to operate. such as • Report specifications.This gateway is used for Apache Web Server. 149) Which Server Tire processes the users request? Application Tire server. b. 148) Which server tire is responsible for transforming information to Cognos 8 Application Server? A Web server contains one or more web gateways which is responsible for transforming the information from one server to an appropriate server.Cognos 8 FAQ’s 147) Cognos 8 Cognos ReportNet with enhancements + EP7 series. 150) What is the role of Data Tire? Data tire contains content store and data source.( Cognos 8 Application Server) . published models. It’s a main server which process users request. Can apply the table Style 154) What are enhancements in cross tab report in Cognos 8? A Cross tab report is enhanced with following features: a.This is the default gateway supported to all web servers. Apache-Mod :. and the packages that contain them • Connection information for data sources • Information about the external namespace. Can apply List column Title Style 2. ISAPI (Internet service Application Programming Interface):. . The ReportNet service that uses the content store is named Content Manager. Report Studio 153) What are enhancements in list report in Cognos 8 Report Studio? A list report is enhanced with following features: 1. 152) What the gateways Cognos web server supports? CGI (Common Gateway Interface):. Can create the union Cross tabs. Can apply list column Body Style 3.Use this gateway for Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS) web server. Can create headers and footers for a cross tab. and the Cognos namespace itself • Information about scheduling and bursting reports Design models and log files are not stored in the content store.

156) What is Prompt Cache? When a report contain a prompt executes a prompt queries the data from database at very first time and stores the results in prompt cache. 161) What is Conditional format? . Can perform drill on chart.Since Query studio reads the data from Cube which is defined with hierarchy levels it supports multi-dimensional analyses. 158) What are report Analyses Studio supports? Analyses studio supports only cross tab.The data in the report can be formatted based on given condition this allows you to quickly identify the data for faster analyses. c. 2. 3. Conditional Formatting :. Drill Across). 155) What are enhancements in Chart report in Cognos 8? A Chart report is enhanced with following features: a. Use Analyses studio to read the data from multiple dimensional structures known as Cubes. 6. Analysis Studio 157) What is Analyses studio? In analyses studio users can explore analyses and compare dimensional data. colors. Applying Templates :-Templates can be created in report studio which can be applied to the reports created in Query Studio. A cube contains information organized into dimensions and optimized to provide faster retrieval and navigation in reports.c. (Drill Up.Now Query Studio supports in reading the data from multi-dimensional structures known as Cubes. Formatting :. Fonts. Drill Down. 1. Improved Filtering :. AND or OR. charts. List like cross tab. 159) What is Cube? A physical data source containing a multidimensional representation of data. 2. The following new charts are add Gauge Charts 3D point chart By polar axis charts (used for Bio-technology). 4. Colors. 5. and border styles.Query Studio allows you to create more advanced filters using logical operators. b. The chart can be applied with patterns. 3. Supports Hierarchy Levels :.Now we can create map reports which includes Geographical information and compares the business with various geographies. Query Studio 160) What are enhancements in Cognos 8 Query Studio? 1. Query Data from OLAP sources (cube) :.Now query studio allows you to format the report with font. 4.

Report Studio. 163) Define Metric designer? It’s a Cognos 8 modeling tool use to create extracts for using Cognos 8 score cording applications. A report specification is combined with data by a run operation to create report . and scorecards that monitor the performance of an organization. sending different results to regional managers by bursting on region. you can create a report that shows sales for each employee. Transformer 164) What is Transformer in Cognos 8? It’s a modeling tool for creating the Power Cubes for use with Cognos EP7 series and Cognos 8. Metric Studio Application 162) A set of metric types. For example. such as operating companies or divisions that have different user communities. 169) What is a report? A set of data deliberately laid out to communicate business information. and styles that make up a report. Report (more precisely. 165) What is a Power Cube? A file that contains data that is structured to provide for fast retrieval and exploration of data in Power Play. and Analysis Studio. prompts. report specification) is the generic term for the objects created by edited by Query Studio. metric types or reporting calendars. "report" may refer to report specification or report output. Depending on the context.The data in the report can be formatted based on given condition this allows you to quickly identify the data for faster analyses. 168) Define burst: To create many report results by running a single report once. layouts. Each organization may have several Metric Studio applications monitoring distinct units. When an event occur people are alerted to take actions. Event Studio 167) Define Event Studio: Use the event studio to perform the tasks when the business event occurs. 166) What is the role of Transformer? Transformer is used to create dimensional models and also create cubes. and run it once. 170) What is Report specification? The definition of queries. metrics. You set up bursting in Report Studio and enable it in the portal.

For example. Query Studio. The levels are set by the structure of the data. 172) Define Content Manager: The Cognos 8 service that manages the storage of customer applications. layout is the portion of the specification that defines how the data returned by queries is presented. including application-specific security. including formatting. models. Analysis Studio. or CSV formats. dimensional cube. and manage the Cognos namespace. or other physical data store that can be accessed though Cognos 8. retrieve or store report specifications. and members. region. printed or emailed. 175) Define drill down: The act of navigating from one level of data to a more detailed level. display areas. Content Manager is needed to publish models. and report output. and design. layout defines the appearance of the report. A data tree is used as a palette of the available data that can be inserted into calculations. Excel. 173) What is data source? A relational database. It is a document that can be displayed. a geographical dimension might contain levels for country. query items. 171) Define report output? A report output combines data at the point in time when the report was run with a report specification. configuration data. 180) What is member? A member is a unique item within a level. The levels are set by the structure of the data. 176) Define drill up: The act of navigating from one level of data to a less detailed level. For example. reports. In report specifications. and other authoring gestures. and city. manage scheduling information. 178) What is layout? In reporting. Cognos 8 can produce report outputs in HTML. file. and leaf members of a hierarchy have no children. with each member having one or more parent members and an arbitrary number of child members. style. 174) Define data tree: Within a studio. 177) What is hierarchy? A hierarchy represents a collection of dimensional members organized into a tree structure. 179) Define level: A level is a set of members that have common attributes.outputs. PDF. contains objects such as query subjects. Levels are used to define the structure of hierarchies in a dimension. dimensions. levels. Camping Equipment and Golf Equipment are members of the Product Line level. metrics. or through the Software Development Kit. . filters. The root of a hierarchy has no parent. You create report specifications by using Report Studio.

report text. 193) What is the usage of html object in tools box? . MDX is the multidimensional equivalent of SQL. and so on. Cognos 8 allows report authors to type in their queries using MDX expressions in Report Studio for dimensional data sources. 187) What is a Hot File? A separate local data table that can be added to your catalog or used in the report as a data source and as if it is a regular database table. 192) what is meant by dash boards/flash cards? Dash Board reports are used to create many reports in one report. date. 190) What is a Cube size? Cube size is not static. money expressions. 189) What is the difference b/w macros and prompt? Macro is a dynamic object which is used to substitute the values at query run time. A Hot File can be joined either with a database table or with another Hot File itself. 188) What is Impromptu? Impromptu is a windows based powerful interactive query and reporting tool that lets you query data and create sophisticated reports in a easy – to. money. we have an option to refresh cube. such as formats for time. Prompt is a report element that asks for values before the report is run. and the regional preferences.use and sophisticated desktop and interface. it can be defined according to Project but we can create up to 2GB 191) What is refreshing of cube and how can we do it? Refreshing a cube means getting the latest records from content store. you can specify a locale for the product interface (product locale) and for the data in the report (content locale). 184) Define Repeater table: In Report Studio.181) Define locale: A code that is used to set the language or dialect used for browsers. For Cognos products. query or agent currently being used. analysis. 186) Define work area: The area within a studio that contains the report. 185) What is template? A reusable reports layout or style that can be used to set the presentation of a query or report. and time of day. 182) Define multidimensional expression language (MDX): An abbreviation for multidimensional expression language. 183) Use of repeater: In Report Studio. a cell container that repeats values within itself with no predefined internal structure. a table-like container that repeats cells across and down the page for row in the associated query.

194) How can we use conditional blocks? Conditional Blocks adds an empty block that you can use for conditional formatting. . 195) What is cube group? Set of similar cubes built by Transformer. 196) What is burst reporting? Burst reporting means sending a single report to multiple recipients using Cognos connection. We can insert multimedia file into report.By using HTML object. 197) What is Level Span? Level Span is used to avoid 1:1 relationship. At the run time we can see the file multimedia file. You can hide and show report elements.