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Exam 2

CM3110

Tuesday 7 October 2014

Instructions:

i. Closed book, closed notes. One 8.5 by 11 study sheet allowed. All work on the

exam must be your own.

ii. Write your solution work on one side of the page only. Do not write on the back

of any pages.

iii. Please be neat. Only neat answers will be granted partial credit.

iv. Significant figures count.

v. Please box your final answers.

vi. If you use a calculator, please write your steps if you wish partial credit.

vii. No cell phones or internet-capable instruments allowed.

There are four pages to the test, plus 2 pages of attachments.

There is an additional handout of resources (4 pages).

1. (20 points) What are the frictional losses in 200.0

of smooth horizontal

copper tubing of inner diameter 1.5

0.015 ? Water at 25 is flowing at

1.31 10 / average velocity. Please give your answer in meters (head loss

units).

2. (20 points) To calculate the fluid force on a surface in contact with a flow, we

need to evaluate the following equation from knowledge of the velocity and

pressure fields:

where is the surface of interest, and is the unit normal vector to the

differential surface

in contact with the fluid. The differential surface can be

integrated over the appropriate limits to get the macroscopic surface of interest, .

is the total stress tensor, a 3 3 matrix of stress components.

For pressure-driven, laminar flow in a tube (see accompanying figure), the

velocity and pressure fields are given below ( is the upstream pressure; is the

pressure a distance downstream; is fluid density; is fluid viscosity; is the

tube radius; is the acceleration due to gravity. All are constants.). We seek to

calculate the fluid force on the walls of the tube. What is the quantity

for this flow? What is the differential surface

equal to for the

calculation of the total force on the walls of the tube?

0

0

1

r

z

L

vz(r)

fluid

R

3. (20 points) In wire coating, a metal wire is drawn through a long cylindrical

liquid bath, pulling fluid along with it (see accompanying figure). Solving the

microscopic mass and momentum balances in the flow region far from the ends of

the bath, we can calculate the following steady state velocity and pressure fields:

0

0

ln /

ln

is the radius of the wire, is

the radius of the bath, and is the constant pressure in the fluid bath. What is

the volumetric flow rate in the flow direction for this wire coating flow? Set up

the equation to calculate , including the limits of integration; you do not have to

carry out the integration.

4. (20 points) What are the -direction velocity boundary conditions for torsional

flow between circular parallel plates? The upper plate turns counterclockwise at

an angular speed of , the gap between the plates is , and the radius of the plates

is . See additional information in the accompanying graphic. Give your answer

relative to the coordinate system provided.

Newtonian

Steady state

incompressible fluid

cross-sectional

view:

z

H

r

R

5. (20 points) Calculate the steady state velocity profile for a Newtonian,

incompressible fluid flowing slowly down a long, wide inclined plane (see

accompanying figure). We are interested in the flow away from the inlet, outlet,

and the edges of the flow. The film thickness is , and the incline makes an angle

with the horizontal. Calculate your answer in the coordinate system shown.

air

fluid

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