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Propagating Plants by Air Layering

by Ivynettle

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Ivynettle
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Tags: propagation houseplants

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Air layering is a propagation method for woody plants that allows you to root
branches while still attached to the parent plant. It is useful for plants that are
hard to propagate by cuttings or if you want your new plant to have a larger

Pop Bottle Plant
Propagator (Growing
Mint)
by LoganMackey

woody houseplants. and even for outdoor plants.India Rubber Tree (Ficus elastica) . if not all.Long-Leaf Fig (Ficus binnendijkii) .pictured below) It should work for most.Weeping Fig (Ficus benjamina) .size than could be accomplished by taking cuttings.Elephant Yucca (Yucca elephantipes) .Sphagnum moss (should be available at garden centres) .Cornstalk Dracaena (Dracaena fragrans .Fiddle-Leaf Fig (Ficus lyrata) .the plant you want to propagate . How to Grow Poinsettias and Succulents I've used this method successfully for .Umbrella Tree (Schefflera arboricola) .a sharp knife . by PondPlantGirl How to propagate cacti!!!! by Kyleluvspets Propagation of Fruit Bearing Trees by AirLayering by antoniraj Growing new plant from the parent plant LAYERING by makesomeso  See More   Remove these ads by Signing Up Step 1: Tools and materials .

you just need something thin that will not decompose if it's damp for a couple of weeks).cut the plastic foil/bag and hard plastic to the proper sizes (about 30x30 cm and slightly larger than the width of your branch.you'll need about 10-20 cm of leaf-less branch. ..water . you will also need: .a flower pot . respectively). about 20-25 cm) .that's the place where a leaf is/was attached).potting mix . a piece of a plastic bottle or yoghurt tub or something similar would work just as well.soak the moss. .cut two pieces of string.scissors for cutting string and plastic foil .maybe a stake and more string. . You need enough to make a fist-sized ball if you lightly press it together.a bowl to soak the moss in A couple of weeks later.choose the branch you want to root. hard plastic (I used a piece of a plant tag. and the place where you will cut it (preferably just under a  node . Step 2: Preparations .a piece of (preferably transparent) plastic foil (an old plastic bag will do fine) (about 30x30 cm) . Basically. long enough that you can wrap it around your branch a couple of times and easily tie it. remove some leaves . It should be just a bit longer than the width of the branch you want to root. . then squeeze out the excess water.a piece of thin.string . If necessary.

then pull the knife towards it with your fingers (as seen in the picture). Place your thumb so that the knife blade would. move past it rather than directly towards it . you minimize the danger of cutting yourself. if you accidentally cut too far. Step 4: Insert the plastic .that way. Take care not to cut so far that the branch breaks.Step 3: Cut the branch Make an upwards-slanted cut about halfway to two-thirds through the branch. if you cut all the way through. you support the branch with your thumb. The way I've learned it.

Step 5: Wrap with moss . encouraging the plant to grow roots instead.Take the small piece of plastic and insert it into the cut. This will keep the cut from closing up again.

.will grow roots into this moss. the plant . it should make a fist-sized ball. Given time.Take your damp moss and wrap it around the cut.. all around the cut.encouraged by the moisture and the cut .. it should feel. Don't press it together too tightly. Like I said in step 2.. sponge-like. how to describe it? . Step 6: Wrap with plastic foil .

If necessary. Tie the plastic tightly below and above the ball of moss.Holding the moss in place with one hand. it may be in danger of breaking).this is a bit tricky the first couple of times. It might be good to have a helper at this stage . Step 7: Cut the rooted branch . wrap the plastic foil around it. tie the branch to a stake to support it (being halfway to two-thirds cut.

cut the branch below the moss ball.After a couple of weeks or months (depending on the plant and its growing conditions). Step 8: Potting up . If it takes longer than a few weeks. you might want to open the plastic foil.makes it easier to check the progress. just leave it alone and wait. you should see roots growing through the moss. Otherwise. This is why I prefer transparent plastic to wrap around the moss . When you can see well-develloped roots. and make sure the moss is still damp.

  I Made it!   Add Images Make Comment . and this can cause the roots to rot. Pot the new plant up using good-quality potting mix and a smallish pot . but never.I prefer not to go over 15 cm diameter for that first pot.Remove the plastic wrap. We have a be nice comment policy. Please be positive and constructive. because the plant can not yet take up so much water. ever truly wet. So you should also take care with watering during the first few weeks. the soil will stay wet for a long time. but leave the moss ball alone so as not to damage the roots. smaller than that if the plant is little enough to stay upright in a smaller pot. The reason behind this is that if the pot is a lot bigger than the still-small rootball. keeping the soil moist enough that the plant doesn't wilt.

and then it's waiting. but the lower part should resprout. You don't necessarily HAVE to wait. making the poor plant a bit top heavy and vacant looking in the lower half. it will need very little water. :-) Don't forget to reduce watering until the plant grows new leaves . (I usually lift the pot to see how heavy it is.without leaves. Can I begin the process now (December).e. 2. waiting. It might take some time.. plants grow more strongly the more light there is. Can I perform this air layering method on all 3 branches at once or is that not advised? 2. and there is frequent new growth. or do I have to wait for Spring? Your advice is appreciated. i am still yet to try this one day :) canucksgirl 3 years ago Reply Thanks Ivynettle for this Instructable! I have the same umbrella plant and require air layering to deal with a loss of leaves. What should be done with the branches after the air layering process is complete and the branch is cut below the new root ball? (i. I have 3 questions for you: 1. waiting. Reply . Ivynettle (author)  canucksgirl 3 years ago Reply 1. does the "stump" have to be discarded. but it's probably a good idea. (on Q3. canucksgirl  Ivynettle 3 years ago Reply Thanks for the reply. you might want to cut them back some more.) headoiltycoon 4 years ago Thanks for that going to try it on a Japanese Maple that has had failed cuttings from. and most interesting aspect of growing. trimmed or will it continue growing after the upper portion is detached? 3. that's what I thought. air layering must be my favorite. Depending on how long the bare branches are. I think doing all three branches at once shouldn't be a problem.) 3. so I'll have to mull it over.Akin Yildiz 3 months ago Reply out of all the cool things one can do with plants. and keeping it too wet means the roots might rot. The top half of the branches are healthy and full of leaves. thank you for sharing your knowledge. Generally. There are 3 branches coming from the soil in the same planter and all 3 branches suffered defoliation.

. I'm going to try it! About Us Find Us Resources Mobile Download our new apps for iOS. I'm the 'plant lady' of my friends and family. I have a tree that I have never been able to clone. hopefully this will work!! TheWomanMonster 4 years ago Reply A great walk through on the technique. I've used this method on a lot of varieties with great success. <3 xhellabentx 4 years ago Reply i love the idea that someone is out there experimenting with other methods of propagation i have learned about using honey recently and i really enjoy anything i can do without having to spend money or drive all the way to town to spend money and gas THANKS ALOT and KEEP POSTING ChrysN 4 years ago Reply This is cool. Android and Windows 8! Who We Are Facebook For Teachers Advertise Youtube Artists in Residence Contact Twitter Gift Pro Account Jobs Help Pinterest Google+ Tumblr Forums Answers Sitemap Go Pro Today » We're Hiring! » Android iOS Windows .dwoloz 4 years ago Reply There's also a method where you cut a ring of the outter woody material away leaving the "core" exposed. Depends on the type of plant logikly 4 years ago Reply This was very instructive! Thank you for sharing that. Whenever we have plants that need a little extra love they end up at my house.

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