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JABATAN PELAJARAN MELAKA
Dengan Kerjasama
PERSIDANGAN KEBANGSAAN PENGETUA-PENGETUA
SEKOLAH MENENGAH MALAYSIA
CAWANGAN NEGERI MELAKA

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN 2010

BIOLOGY
Kertas 2

PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

UNTUK KEGUNAAN PEMERIKSA SAHAJA

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www.banksoalanspm.com

more than one type of cell. parenchyma. parenchyma and xylem fibre. sperm / spermatids .2: Chromosomes align at the equator of the spindle fibre / metaphase plate Diagram 2.banksoalanspm. sieve tube.The cells are used to regenerate new part / organ of planaria bodies 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 3 12 mark www. tracheid. (d) - spinach cell become flaccid // plasmolysed water diffuse out of the cell by osmosis the cytoplasma abd the vacuole will shrink the cell membrane pull away from the cell wall Max 1 3 = 1 mark 4= 2 marks 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 4 2 12 marks 2 (a)(i) P: chromosome R: centromer 1 1 2 (ii) Hold two sister chromatid together 1 1 (b) Diagram 2.That are identical to planaria body cell .com . phloem fibre. more than one type of cell S: consist of cell companion cell. ovum / egg cell 2.Mitosis produce new cells .1 TRIAL SPM MELAKA 2010 MARKING SCHEME BIOLOGY PAPER 2 Section A No 1 (a) (i) (ii) (b)(i) Leaf P:: Pollisade mesophyll Q: Sponge mesophyll R: Xylem S: Floem Absorbing sun light (/)   (b)(ii) (c) Mark Marking Criteria consist abundant of chloroplast that contain chlorophyll chlorophyll absorb sunlight for photosynthesis R: consist of xylem vessel.3: Homologous chromosomes align at the equater of the spindle fibre / metaphase plate. 1 (c) (i) 4 (ii) 2 (d) (e) 1.

. released from the cellular respiration Carbon dioxide diffuse into the blood to be transport to the lungs.can expand (inhalation) and contract/ decrease in size (exhalation ) (c) (i) .banksoalanspm.both balloons decrease in size (ii) .this will decrease the thorax pressure .the string represent the diaphragm . (a) (b)(i) Trachea / Rib cage / ribs 1 1 2 To increase / decrease the pressure / volume in the bell jar 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 (ii) . 1 The concentration of carbon dioxide is higher in the cell body.elastic . 1 1 4(a) (i) Menstruation (ii) The endometrium begins to break down 3 1 2 12 marks 1 1 1 1 1 1 (b)(i) www.the volume of the thorax increase .2 3.com .air will be inhale d(i) (ii) - - 1 1 1 1 1 To prevent oxygen gas being absorbed by the potassium pyrogallol solution as it can absorb both carbon dioxide and oxygen .when the diaphragm muscles contract.

1 1 2 2 2 12 www.banksoalanspm. for preparation for the implantation of a fertilized ovum P2 : The endometrium keep thickening due to the level of progesterone and oestrogen continue to rise because fertilization occurs.com .3 (ii) P1 : The endometrium begin to became thicker. P3 : The corpus luteum continues to secrete oestrogen and progesterone 1 1 1 ( any 2) 2 (c ) (i) 1 1 (ii) (d) (e) P1 : Increasing in progesterone level will stimulate the uterine wall to became thicker P2 : When the fertilization occur. P : Cell V and cell W are products of mitosis whereas cell X is a product of meiosis. the level of progesterone continue to rise to ensure the uterine walls continue to grow and nourish the embryo 1 1 P1 :The level of progesterone become lower P2: Ovaries are less stimulated by FSH and LH P3: P2 lead to inhibits the development of the follicles and ovulation 1 1 1 ( any 2) F : Cell V is similar to cell W but is different from cell X.

com . chromosomes pair XY Gametes V consists of all chromosomes pairs with the same size and homologous.: Meiosis 1 1 (b) (i) Gamete T: 22 + XY Gamete V: 22 + XX 1 1 2 (ii) Gametes T have a pair of homologous chromosomes that have different sizes.4 5 ( a) Process R.banksoalanspm. 1 1 2 (c) (i) 1 3 1 1 Normal Female Female carrier Normal male Colour blindness male (ii) (iii) 25% haemofilia (d) F : Tissue Culture P1: Able to obtain good characteristics that can be used commercially(selectivity) P2: Can be conducted any time and does not need any pollinating agents as it is carried out in the laboratory 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 (F + any P) 2 12 www.

as a result.com .use haemodialysis machine / kidney transplant F2 . F5 – Sodium ion is move back to blood capillary via active transport E5 – Sodium is importance for maintain the blood pressure.less efficient in filtration of waste products and excess water in blood plasma P1.increase the blood pressure F1 . urea. (a)(i) Process Y = ultrafiltration A process whereby F1 – water and solutes from glomerulus being forced to filter through the membrane of Bowman’s capsule F2 . F4 – Urea is secreted substances and cannot move back to blood capillary E4 – Water is reabsorb by osmosis and the concentrate of urea increase. E3 – Protein is still circulate in blood capillary. F1 . 1 1 1 1 1 1 6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 (max 2) 1 1 1 (max 2) 10 20 marks 4 www. mineral salts and other small molecules 1 1 ` 1 1 4 (ii) (b) 7.Height // weight E1 . glucose. (a) F1 . F2 . amino acids.by the high hydrostatic pressure F3 .5 Section B: 6.controls by genetics.forming glomerular filtrate that contains water. F1 – Glucose reabsorb by facilitated diffusion into blood capillary E1 – Glucose needed by our body F2 – Acid amino reabsorb by facilated diffusion E2 – Acid amino is needed for body growth / tissue repair F3 – Protein is a big molecule and cannot move via membrane plasma. filtrate all the waste product and excess water.to replace the function of kidney. urea uric acid/ creatinine / salt concentration will be increase P2 .banksoalanspm.Blood type E2 – discontinuouse variation / E2 .continuouse variation becouse have differences very slightly E1 – Controls by environment.

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 (max 6) F1 – meiosis P1.produce varies gamet with different genetic contents.com .result recombinants gens .through homologous chromosomes random assortment during metaphase 1 1 1 1 F2.produce varies gamete cells 1 1 1 1 6 10 20 marks www.the bacteria are cultured in bioreactor . P2. purified and isolate. 1 1 1 F3 – crossing over P5 – crossing over occurs between the homologous chromosomes during prophase 1 .The bacterial plasmid is isolated (DNA found in bacteria) .the plasmid replicate as a bacteria divide asexually .6 (b) c) .the bacteria can produce insuline in large quantity. .The enzyme used to incorporate gene for insulin production into the plasmid .banksoalanspm.Fertilization P3.The bacterial plasmid is cut by using enzyme .The gene for the insulin is isolated from human pancreas cell .random fertilization between sperm and ovum P4 – produce zygote with varies genetic materials.

7 8.com .(a)    Pollen sac and pollen parental cell Meiosis Microspore/pollen 1 1 1 1 4 marks Able to link using lines/arrow correctly Sample answer Pollen sac C1 Pollen parental cell C2 Meiosis C3 microspores C4 Pollens Able to describe how pollen grains are formed in plants        Pollen grains are male gametes (produced in the anther/pollen sac (pollen sac) contains diploid pollen parental cell/ pollen mother cell/ microspore mother cell (each pollen mother cell) undergoes meiosis Producing 4 haploid microspores(n) nucleus of (every) microspore undergoes mitosis forming two nuclei The generative nucleus and the tube nucleus Microspore with surfaces adapted for dispersion and is now called pollen 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 (any 6) 10 marks www.banksoalanspm.

8 (b) Sperm bank  Used when the man/spouse/male suffers from low sperm count/production of weak/unhealthy sperms  Sperms are donated and donor’s identity is recorded/secret  Genetic biodata of donor and the woman recipient should match for successful fertilization 1 1 1 Artificial insemination  Practiced by a couple when the man is sterile  Donor’s sperm are injected into the womans uterus during ovulation  No sexual intercourse is involved  The genetic background and health of donor is screenned before acceptance In vitro fertilization     1 1 1 1 1 Practiced when the woman’s ovum cannot be fertilized due to blockage of fallopian tube Ovum is extracted (from the woman) and fertilized outside the body/in Petri dish/test tube Fertilized ovum/zygote grows in culture medium Than it is implanted into the woman’s uterus 1 1 1 1 Surrogate mother     Method practiced when a woman cannot be pregnant in normal way The zygote is obtained by invitro fertilization Another woman is implanted with the couple zygote (Surrogate mother) carries the baby only until it is born 1 1 1 1 (any 10) 10 mark (20 mark) www.banksoalanspm.com .

E4 – sulphur dioxyde combined with water vapour (in atmosphere) to form sulphuric acid. F3 – decomposition of dead plants.banksoalanspm. Factor + Explanation.com . E5: Less yield / plant become die becouse the infertile soil.Encourages eutrophication (encourage algal growth) F2 .Increase the fertility of the lake E2 . E6: The ecological ballamce of ecosystem distrupt.and sulfur dioxyde E3 – oxyde of nitrogen combine with water vapour (in atmosphere) to form nitric acid.the leaching of chemical fertiliser/phosphate/nitrate from agriculture area to the lake E1 . animals and organic mater by saprofitic bacteria iccure E6 – This will decrease the dissolved oxygen content F5 – BOD increase the water polluted E7 – This couse the aquatic animals die.The growth alga prevent the light from reaching the base of the lake E3 – This reduce and prevents photosynthesis by aquatic plant. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Any 10 10 1 1 1 1 1 1 F +4E 1 1 1 1 1 1 5Es 5 5 10 20 marks END OF MARKS SCHEME www. E4: siol become infertile / not suitable for plant to growth. E4 – Reduse the oxygent release E5 – Aquatic plants and animals die due to lack oxygent. F1 . explain the effect on the lake if their planning is not managed properly.9 9 (a) (b) Based on the detail above. E5 – the rain fall as the acid rain. F – (Name the effect) (The phenomenon) is acid rain E1 – Factors / motor vehicles / factory released large amount of nitrogen oxyde E2 . E1: may corrode the building E2: acidic water couse aquatic animal died. Effect. E3: minerals in soil dissolved/washed into river.