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You are on page 1of 1

Fig. P29.54 is (a) rotated about

z

the y-axis; (b) rotated about the

x-axis; (c) rotated about an edge

A

parallel to the z-axis. What is

y

v

the maximum induced emf in

S

B

each case if A = 600 cm2, v =

35.0 rad>s, and B = 0.450 T?

x

29.55 ... As a new electrical

engineer for the local power

company, you are assigned the project of designing a generator of

sinusoidal ac voltage with a maximum voltage of 120 V. Besides

plenty of wire, you have two strong magnets that can produce a

constant uniform magnetic eld of 1.5 T over a square area of

10.0 cm on a side when they are 12.0 cm apart. The basic design

should consist of a square coil turning in the uniform magnetic eld.

To have an acceptable coil resistance, the coil can have at most 400

loops. What is the minimum rotation rate (in rpm) of the coil so it

will produce the required voltage?

29.56 . Make a Generator? You are shipwrecked on a

deserted tropical island. You have some electrical devices that you

could operate using a generator but you have no magnets. The

earths magnetic eld at your location is horizontal and has magnitude 8.0 * 10 -5 T, and you decide to try to use this eld for a generator by rotating a large circular coil of wire at a high rate. You

need to produce a peak emf of 9.0 V and estimate that you can

rotate the coil at 30 rpm by turning a crank handle. You also decide

that to have an acceptable coil resistance, the maximum number of

turns the coil can have is 2000. (a) What area must the coil have?

(b) If the coil is circular, what is the maximum translational speed

of a point on the coil as it rotates? Do you think this device is feasible? Explain.

29.57 . A exible circular loop 6.50 cm in diameter lies in a

magnetic eld with magnitude 1.35 T, directed into the plane of

the page as shown in Fig. P29.57. The loop is pulled at the points

indicated by the arrows, forming a loop of zero area in 0.250 s.

(a) Find the average induced emf in the circuit. (b) What is the

direction of the current in R: from a to b or from b to a? Explain

your reasoning.

Figure P29.57

a

R

b

m = 0.120 kg, and resistance R = 80.0 moves without friction

on metal rails as shown in Fig. 29.11. A uniform magnetic eld

with magnitude B = 1.50 T is directed into the plane of the gure.

The rod is initially at rest, and then a constant force with magnitude

F = 1.90 N and directed to the right is applied to the bar. How

many seconds after the force is applied does the bar reach a speed

of 25.0 m>s?

29.59 ... Terminal Speed. A conducting rod with length L,

mass m, and resistance R moves without frictionSon metal rails as

shown in Fig. 29.11. A uniform magnetic eld B is directed into

the plane of the gure. The rod starts from rest and is acted on by a

constant force F directed to the right. The rails are innitely long

and have negligible resistance. (a) Graph the speed of the rod as a

function of time. (b) Find an expression for the terminal speed (the

speed when the acceleration of the rod is zero).

29.60 .. CP CALC Terminal Speed. A bar of length L = 0.36 m is

free to slide without friction on horizontal rails, as shown in

Fig. P29.60. There is a uniFigure P29.60

form magnetic eld B = 1.5 T

S

directed into the plane of the

B

gure. At one end of the rails

+

there is a battery with emf E

L

has mass 0.90 kg and resistance

5.0 , and all other resistance

in the circuit can be ignored.

The switch is closed at time

t = 0. (a) Sketch the speed of the bar as a function of time.

(b) Just after the switch is closed, what is the acceleration of the

bar? (c) What is the acceleration of the bar when its speed is

2.0 m>s? (d) What is the terminal speed of the bar?

29.61 . CP Antenna emf. A satellite, orbiting the earth at the

equator at an altitude of 400 km, has an antenna that can be modeled as a 2.0-m-long rod. The antenna is oriented perpendicular to

the earths surface. At the equator, the earths magnetic eld is

essentially horizontal and has a value of 8.0 * 10 -5 T; ignore any

changes in B with altitude. Assuming the orbit is circular, determine the induced emf between the tips of the antenna.

29.62 . emf in a Bullet. At the equator, the earths magnetic

eld is approximately horizontal, is directed toward the north, and

has a value of 8 * 10 -5 T. (a) Estimate the emf induced between

the top and bottom of a bullet shot horizontally at a target on the

equator if the bullet is shot toward the east. Assume the bullet has a

length of 1 cm and a diameter of 0.4 cm and is traveling at

300 m>s. Which is at higher potential: the top or bottom of the bullet? (b) What is the emf if the bullet travels south? (c) What is the

emf induced between the front and back of the bullet for any horizontal velocity?

29.63 .. CALC A very long, Figure P29.63

cylindrical wire of radius R

carries a current I0 uniformly

distributed across the cross

section of the wire. Calculate

the magnetic ux through a

I0

W

rectangle that has one side of

R

length W running down the

center of the wire and another

side of length R, as shown in

Fig. P29.63 (see Exercise 29.7).

29.64 . CALC A circular conducting

Figure P29.64

ring with radius r0 = 0.0420 m lies in

the xy-plane in Sa region of uniform magy

netic eld B B031 - 31t>t 022 +

21t>t 0234kN . In this expression, t 0 =

r0

r

0.0100 s and is constant, t is time, kn is

the unit vector in the + z-direction, and

B0 = 0.0800 T and is constant. At

a b

x

k

points a and b (Fig. P29.64) there is a

12.0 V

small gap in the ring with wires lead- z

ing to an external circuit of resistance

R = 12.0 . There is no magnetic eld at the location of the

external circuit. (a) Derive an expression, as a function of time, for

the total magnetic ux B through the ring. (b) Determine the emf

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