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One-Mark Question

MATHEMATICS

1.

Ans.

Sol.

Suppose logab + logba = c. The smallest possible integer value of c for all a, b > 1 is (A) 4

(B) 3

(C) 2

(D) 1

(C)

1

c log a b

t2

log a b

2.

Suppose n is a natural number such that | i 2i 2 3i 3 ... ni n | 18 2 , where i is the square root of 1.

Ans.

Then n is (A) 9

(C)

(B) 18

(C) 36

(D) 72

S i 2i 2 3i 3 ..... ni n

Sol.

iS

i 2 2i 3 ..... (n 1)i n ni n 1

S(1 i) i i 2 i 3 ..... i n ni n 1

S(1 i)

i(1 i n )

1 i n ni n i

ni n 1 S

1 i

2i

1 i

pp

z2(say)

z1(say)

n

1

| z1 | =

or 0 | z2 | =

2

2

n

2

2

n

= 18 n = 36

2

3.

Ans.

Sol.

4.

(B) I + nP

(C) I + 2nP

(D)

P2 = P

P 1 P2 = P 1 P

P=I

(I + P)n = (2P)n = 2n Pn

= 2nP

= P + (2n 1) P

= I + (2n 1) P

Consider the cubic equation x3 + ax2 + bx + c = 0, where a, b, c are real numbers. Which of the following

statements is correct ?

(A) If a2 2b < 0, then the equation has one real and two imaginary roots

(B) If a2 2b t 0, then the equation has all real roots

(C) If a2 2b > 0, then the equation has all real and distinct roots

(D) If 4a3 27b2 > 0, then the equation has real and distinct roots

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Ans.

Sol.

(A)

f(x) = x3 + ax2 + bx + c

f ' (x) = 3x2 + 2ax + b

D = 4a2 4 . 3 . b = 4 (a2 3b)

If a2 < 2b a2 < 3b D < 0 f '(x) = 0 has non real roots

f '(x)

x

Hence f(x) = 0 has 1 real and two imaginary roots

5.

Ans.

Sol.

All the points (x, y) in the plane satisfying the equation x2 + 2x sin (xy) + 1 = 0 lie on (A) a pair of straight lines

(B) a family of hyperbolas

(C) a parabola

(D) an ellipse

(A)

x2 + 2 x sin (xy) + 1 = 0

2 sin (xy) = x

x

6.

Ans.

Sol.

R.H.S. t 2

or

d 2

L.H.S. = R.H.S. = 2 sin(xy) = 1

(x = 1)

x=1

sin (y) = 1

sin y = 1

sin y = 1

S

y = 2nS , nI

2

Hence pair of straight lines.

Let A = (4, 0), B = (0, 12) be two points in the plane. The locus of a point C such that the area of triangle

ABC is 18 sq. units is (A) (y + 3x + 12)2 = 81 (B) (y + 3x + 81)2 = 12

(C) (y + 3x 12)2 = 81

(D) (y + 3x 81)2 = 12

(C)

Y

B

(0, 12)

A

(4, 0)

1 x y

1

1 0 12 = 18

2

1 4 0

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12x + 4y 48 = 36

3x + y 12 = 9

(3x + y 12)2 = 81

7.

In a rectangle ABCD, the coordinates of A and B are (1, 2) and (3, 6) respectively and some diameter of the

circumscribing circle of ABCD has equation 2x y + 4 = 0. Then the area of the rectangle is (A) 16

Ans.

Sol.

(B) 2 10

(C) 2 5

(D) 20

(A)

(1, 2)

A

y = 2x

B(3,6)

C

2x y + 4 = 0

4

2

Slope of AB =

slope of BC =

"(AB) =

4 16

2

1

2

2 5

distance between 2x y + 4 = 0

Area = 2 5 .

8.

Ans.

Sol.

8

5

&

2x y = 0

4

5

16

In the xy-plane, three distinct lines l1, l2, l3 concur at a point (O, 0). Further the lines l1, l2, l3 are normals to the

parabola y2 = 6x at the points A = (x1, y1), B = (x2, y2), C = (x3, y3) respectively. Then we have (B) O > 3

(C) 5 < O < 3

(D) 0 < O < 3

(A) O < 5

(B)

Any normal

y = mx 2am am3 Here a = 3/2

through (O, 0)

0 = mO 2am am3

m = 0, O = 2a + am2

O

m2 = 2 ! 0

a

O > 2a O > 3

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9.

Ans.

Sol.

9S

8S

3S

2S

S

T = f (0) f f f ... f f . Then T

5

5

5

5

5

(A) depends on A, B, C, D, E

(B) depends on A, C, E but independent of B and D

(C) depends on B, D but independent of A, C, E

(D) is independent of A, B, C, D, E

(C)

Clearly f(S + x) + f(S x) (every term contain cosine)

S

f

5

4S

f

5

9S 2S

f , f

5 5

8S 3S

f , f

5 5

7S

f

5

6S

f

5

2S

S

4S

3S

T = f(0) 2 f f 2 f f f (S)

5

5

5

5

f(0) f(S) = 2(1 + B + D)

3S

S

f f

5

5

4S

2S

f f

5

5

3S

S

4S

S

f f = 2 1 B cos

D cos

5

5

5

3S

2S

f f

5

5

6S

2S

21 B cos

D cos

5

5

10.

Ans.

Sol.

11.

Ans.

Sol.

In triangle ABC, we are given that 3 sin A + 4 cos B = 6 and 4 sin B + 3 cos A = 1. Then the measure of the

angle C is (A) 30

(B) 150

(C) 60

(D) 75

(A)

Square & add both equations

9 + 16 + 24 sin (A + B) = 37

1

5S

S

A + B =

C

(wrong)

sin (A + B) =

2

6

6

5S

S

A B

C

6

6

5S

because C =

6

does not follow equation 3 sin A + 4 cos B = 6

Which of the following intervals is a possible domain of the function f (x) = log{x} [x] + log[x] {x}, where [x]

is the greatest integer not exceeding x and {x} = x [x] ?

(A) (0, 1)

(B) (1, 2)

(C) (2, 3)

(D) (3, 5)

(C)

xI & [x] > 1

x(2, 3) only option satisfy.

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12.

Ans.

Sol.

13.

Ans.

Sol.

If f(x) = (2011 + x)n, where x is a real variable and n is a positive integer, then the value of

f " (0)

f ( n 1) (0)

is ....

f ( 0) f ' ( 0)

2!

(n 1)!

(B) (2012)n

(C) (2012)n 1

(D) n(2011)n

(A) (2011)n

(C)

(2011)n + nC1(2011)n 1 + nC2(2011)n 2 ++ nCn 1 2011 + nCn 1

= (2011 + 1)n 1

The minimum distance between a point on the curve y = ex and a point on the curve y = logex is 1

(B) 2

(C) 3

(D) 2 2

(A)

2

(B)

y = ex

y=x

y = "nx

IInd curve

1

y' =

x

x = 1 point (1, 0)

similarly Ist point (0, 1)

distance = 2

8

14.

Let f : (2, f) o N be defined by f (x) = the largest prime factor of [x]. Then

Ans.

(A) 17

(B)

f ( x) dx is equal to 2

(B) 22

(C) 23

(D) 25

Sol.

f ( x) dx = 2 + 3 + 2 + 5 + 3 + 7 = 22

2

2012

15.

Let [x] denote the largest integer not exceeding x and {x} = x [x]. Then

Ans.

equal to (A) 0

(B)

Sol.

I = 2012

(B) 1006

1

(C) 2012

e cos( S{ x})

e cos( S{x}) e cos( S{x})

dx is

(D) 2012S

e cos Sx

dx

e cos Sx e cos Sx

1

e cos Sx

dx 2I = 2012 I = 1006

e cos Sx e cos Sx

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Ans.

1

1

1

is The value of lim

....

2

2

2

2

n of

4n 4

4n n

4n 1

1

S

S

(A)

(B)

(C)

4

12

4

(D)

Sol.

lim

16.

no f

1

17.

Ans.

Sol.

18.

Ans.

Sol.

19.

Ans.

Sol.

1

4n 2 r 2

4 x

S

6

1 n

1

2

no f n

r 1 4 ( r / n)

lim

dx

(D)

1 x

sin

2 0

S

6

Two players play the following game : A writes 3, 5, 6 on three different cards ; B writes 8, 9, 10 on three

different cards. Both draw randomly two cards from their collections. Then A computes the product of two

numbers he/she has drawn, and B computes the sum of two numbers he/she has drawn. The player getting the

larger number wins. What is the probability that A wins ?

1

5

4

1

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

3

9

9

9

(C)

For A to win, A can draw either 3, 6 or 5, 6. If A draws 3, 6 then B can draw only 8 & 9

1 1 1

Prob. = .

3 3 9

If A draws 5, 6 then B can draw, any two

1

1

Probability = . 1 =

3

3

1 1 4

Probability =

9 3 9

& & &

& & & & & &

Let a , b , c be three vectors in the xyz space such that a u b b u c c u a z 0 If A, B, C are points with

& & &

position vectors a , b , c respectively, then the number of possible positions of the centroid of triangle ABC is -

(A) 1

(B) 2

(A)

& &

& & & &

&

a u b c u b 0 similarly b c O 2 a

&

& &

& &

&

a c O1 b

b a O 3c

& & & &

Hence a b c 0

only 1 position of centroid

(C) 3

The sum of (12 1 + 1)(1!) + (22 2 + 1)(2!) + . + (n2 n + 1)(n!) is (B) (n 1)((n + 1)!) + 1

(C) (n + 2)! 1

(A) (n + 2)!

(B)

Tn = (n2 n + 1) n!

= (n2 1) n! (n 2) n!

Tn = (n 1) (n + 1) ! (n 2) n!

Sum = 1 + (n 1) (n + 1) !

(D) 6

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20.

Ans.

Sol.

Let X be a nonempty set and let P(X) denote the collection of all subsets of X. Define

f : X P(X) o R by

1, if x A

f ( x, A)

0, if x A

Then f (x, A B) equals (A) f (x, A) + f (x, B)

(C) f (x, A) + f (x, B) f (x, A) f (x, B)

(C)

1 if x A B

f ( x, A B )

0 if x A B

(D) f (x, A) + | f (x, A) f (x, B)|

if x A, x B

if x A, x B

if x A, x B f ( x , A B)

0 C(only C satisfy)

PHYSICS

21.

Ans.

Sol.

A narrow but tall cabin is falling freely near the earth's surface. Inside the cabin, two small stones A and B

are released from rest (relative to the cabin). Initially A is much above the centre of mass and B much below

the centre of mass of the cabin. A close observation of the motion of A and B will reveal that (A) both A and B continue to be exactly at rest relative to the cabin

(B) A moves slowly upward and B moves slowly downward relative to the cabin

(C) both A and B fall to the bottom of the cabin with constant acceleration due to gravity

(D) A and B move slightly towards each other vertically

(B)

CM

B

a B > aC > a A

aB = g

&

&

&

a A / CM = a A a CM (n)

&

&

&

a B / CM = a B a CM (p)

22.

Two plates each of the mass m are connected by a massless spring as shown.

m

m

A weight W is put on the upper plate which compresses the spring further. When W is removed, the entire

assembly jumps up. The minimum weight W needed for the assembly to jump up when the weight is

removed is just more than (A) mg

(B) 2 mg

(C) 3 mg

(D) 4 mg

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Ans.

Sol.

(B)

For lower block +ve lift, kx t mg

mg

x t

k

m

x

W

m

W/E theorem

1

1

mg (h + x) + kh 2 kx 2 = 0 0

2

2

mgh

m 2g 2

1

1 m 2g 2

+ kh2

=0

k

2

2

k

kh 2

3m 2 g 2

mgh

=0

2

2k

mg r m 2 g 2 3m 2 g 2

k

mg r 2mg

3mg mg

=

=

,

k

k

k

3mg

?h =

k

W + mg = kh

W + mg = 3mg

W = 2mg

h=

23.

If the speed (v) of the bob in a simple pendulum is plotted against the tangential acceleration (a), the correct

graph will be represented by a

a

a

a

(I)

Ans.

Sol.

(A) I

(A)

In SHM

a = Z2x

(II)

(B) II

(III)

(C) III

(IV)

(D) IV

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v=Z

A2 x2

v2 = Z2 (A2 x2)

v2 = Z2 A2 Z2

a2

Z2

a2

= Z2 A2

2

Z

2

v

a2

+

=1

Z2 A 2

Z4 A 2

i.e. ellipse

v2 +

24.

Ans.

Sol.

A container with rigid walls is covered with perfectly insulating material. The container is divided into two

parts by a partition. One part contains a gas while the other is fully evacuated (vacuum). The partition is

suddenly removed. The gas rushes to fill the entire volume and comes to equilibrium after a little time. If the

gas is not ideal,

(A) the initial internal energy of the gas equals its final internal energy

(B) the initial temperature of the gas equals its final temperature

(C) the initial pressure of the gas equals its final pressure

(D) the initial entropy of the gas equals its final entropy

(A)

gas

vacuum

expansion is against

vacuum ?'W = 0

Insulated container ?'Q = 0

First law of thermodynamics

0 = 0 + 'U

0 = 0 + 'U

'U = 0

25.

Ans.

Sol.

Two bulbs of identical volumes connected by a small capillary are initially filled with an ideal gas at

temperature T. Bulb 2 is heated to maintain a temperature 2T while bulb 1 remains at temperature T. Assume

throughout that the heat conduction by the capillary is negligible. Then the ratio of final mass of the gas in

bulb 2 to the initial mass of the gas in the same bulb is close to (A) 1/2

(B) 2/3

(C) 1/3

(D) 1

(B)

Mole conservation

n1 + n2 = n

n1

n2

n

2

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PV

n1 =

RT

PV

2

n

n2 =

1 =

R 2T

1

n2

n1 + n2 = n

2n

n

; n2 =

n1 =

3

3

mass of gas v n1

n

M2

2

?

= 3 =

n

3

M1

2

26.

Ans.

Sol.

Two rods, one made of copper and the other steel of the same length and cross sectional area are joined

together. (The thermal conductivity of copper is 385 J.s 1 .m 1. K 1 and steel is 50 J.s 1.m 1.K 1.) If the copper

end is held at 100C and the steel end is held at 0C, what is the junction temperature (assuming no other heat

losses) ?

(A) 12C

(B) 50C

(C) 73C

(D) 88C

(D)

100 T

T0

=

R1

R2

100 T

R

= 1

T

R2

L

KA

R1

k

= 2

R2

k1

R=

100 T

50

10

=

=

T

385 77

7700 77 T = 10 T

7700 = 87 T

7700

T=

= 88C

87

100

Cu

Ans.

Sol.

Steel

0

k1

27.

k2

Jet aircrafts fly at altitudes above 30,000 ft where the air is very cold at 40C and the pressure is 0.28 atm.

The cabin is maintained at 1 atm pressure by means of a compressor which exchanges air from outside

adiabatically. In order to have a comfortable cabin temperature of 25C, we will require in addition (A) a heater to warm the air injected into the cabin

(B) an air-conditioner to cool the air injected into the cabin

(C) neither a heater nor an air-conditioner ; the compressor is sufficient

(D) alternatively heating and cooling in the two halves of the compressor cycle

(B)

PVJ = C

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P1 JTJ = C

(0.28)1 J (233)J = 11 J TJ

7

J=

5

(0.28)1 7/5 (233)7/5 = 11 7/5 T7/5

T7/5 = 2337/5 (0.28) 2/5

T = 233 (0.28) 2/7

233

T=

(0.28) 2 / 7

T is coming

more than 298 K or 25C

?T is more than 25C

so to cool it an extra ac is required.

Ans.

A speaker emits a sound wave of frequency f0. When it moves towards a stationary observer with speed u,

the observer measures a frequency f1. If the speaker is stationary, and the observer moves towards it with

speed u, the measured frequency is f2. Then (A) f1 = f2 < f0

(B) f1 > f2

(C) f1 < f2

(D) f1 = f2 > f0

(B)

Sol.

S ou

28.

f1 =

.O

f 0 [ v]

vu

S

f2 = f0

vm O

[v u]

v

v

uv

f2 f1 = f0

vu

v

f2 f1 =

u 2 f0

= ve

( v)( v u )

?f1 > f2

Ans.

A plane polarized light passed through successive polarizers which are rotated by 30 with respect to each

other in the clockwise direction. Neglecting absorption by the polarizers and given that the first polarizer's

axis is parallel to the plane of polarization of the incident light, the intensity of light at the exit of the fifth

polarizer is closest to (A) same as that of the incident light

(B) 17.5% of the incident light

(C) 30% of the incident light

(D) zero

(C)

Sol.

I = I0 (cos2I)4

29.

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3

= I0 = 30% of I0

4

30.

Ans.

Sol.

At 23C, a pipe open at both ends resonates at a frequency of 450 hertz. At what frequency does the same

pipe resonate on a hot day when the speed of sound is 4 percent higher than it would be at 23C ?

(A) 446 Hz

(B) 454 Hz

(C) 468 Hz

(D) 459 Hz

(C)

fO = v

fvv

f1

v

= 1

f2

v2

v1

450

=

f2

1.04 v1

f2 = 1.04 450

= 468Hz.

Ans.

In a Young's double slit set-up, light from a laser source falls on a pair of very narrow slits separated by 1.0

micrometer and bright fringes separated by 1.0 millimeter are observed on a distant screen. If the frequency

of the laser light is doubled, what will be the separation of the bright fringes ?

(A) 0.25 mm

(B) 0.5 mm

(C) 1.0 mm

(D) 2.0 mm

(B)

Sol.

Separation

31.

Bright fringe =

OD

d

fO= c

If f is doubled

O become halved

?E become half

E=

32.

1

= 0.5 mm

2

For a domestic AC supply of 220 V at 50 cycles per second, the potential difference between the terminals of

a two pin electric outlet in a room is given by (A) V(t) = 220 2 cos (100St)

(D) V(t) = 220 2 cos (50 t)

Ans.

(A)

Sol.

Peak value = 220 2

Z = 2Sn

= 2S 50

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= 100 S

V(t) = 220 2 cos (100St)

33.

In the circuit shown below the resistance are given in ohms and the battery is assumed ideal with emf equal

to 3.0 volts. The resistor that dissipates the most power is 40:

R1

R3 60:

R4 30:

+

3.0V

Ans.

R5

(B) R2

(A) R1

(A)

40:

i

Sol.

R2 40:

3.0V

20:

(C) R3

(D) R4

i/2

R1

R2

i/6

40:

R5 20:

resistance is also 40: which is higher than R5R4.

34.

An electron collides with a free molecules initially in its ground state. The collision leaves the molecules in

an excited state that is metastable and does not decay to the ground

& state by radiation. Let K be the sum of

the initial kinetic energies of the electron and the molecule, and P the sum of their initial momenta. Let K'

and P' represent the same physical quantities after the collision. Then -

Ans.

Sol.

(B) K' < K, P P'

(C) K = K', P z P'

(B)

Collision of e lead to excitation of molecules

so Collision is inelastic

?K' < K and loss of kinetic energy go for excitation

of molecules. Momentum remain conserved during collision.

o

P = P'

35.

R

10V

S

Which of the graphs shown below best represents the voltage across the inductor, as seen on an oscilloscope ?

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Voltage

Voltage

10 V

10 V

O

(II)

Voltage

(I)

Voltage

10 V

10 V

O

(IV)

(III)

Ans.

(A) I

(D)

(B) II

(C) III

(D) IV

Sol.

V ut

|e| = e L

R

R

L

10V

36.

Given below are three schematic graphs of potential energy V(r) versus distance r for three atomic particles :

electron (e ), proton (p+) and neutron (n), in the presence of a nucleus at the origin O. The radius of the

nucleus is r0. The scale on the V-axis may not be the same for all figures. The correct pairing of each graph

with the corresponding atomic particle is V

V

V

r0

(1)

+

Ans.

Sol.

(C) (1, e ), (2, p+), (3, n)

(A)

r0

(2)

r0

(3)

(B) (1, p ), (2, e ), (3, n)

(D) (1, p+), (2, n), (3, e )

+

e is negativity charged

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nuclear attractive force is negligible

(3) oe

outside the nucleus

neutron will not

experience electric force

as it is neutral. So no potential energy associated with

it outside nucleus.

1 oneutron

37.

Ans.

Due to transitions among its first three energy levels, hydrogenic atom emits radiation at three discrete

wavelengths O1,O2, and O3 (O1 < O2 < O3). Then (A) O1 = O2 + O3

(B) O1 + O2 = O3

(C) 1/O1 + 1/O2 = 1/O3

(D) 1/O1 = 1/O2 + 1/O3

(D)

n=3

O3

Sol.

O1

n=2

O2

n=1

hc

hc

hc

=

+

O1

O2

O3

1

1

1

=

+

O1

O2

O3

Ans.

The total radiative power emitted by spherical blackbody with radius R and temperature T is P. If the radius

if doubled and the temperature is halved then the radiative power will be (A) P/4

(B) P/2

(C) 2P

(D) 4P

(A)

Sol.

P = VAT4

38.

= V 4SR2 T4

T

P' = V 4S (2R)2

2

P' = V 4SR2 T4 4

P' =

39.

Ans.

1

16

P

4

The Quantum Hall Resistance RH is a fundamental constant with dimensions of resistance. If h is Planck's

constant and e the electron charge, then the dimension of RH is the same as (A) e2/h

(B) h/e2

(C) h2/e

(D) e/h2

(B)

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Sol.

V

Vui

P

= 2 = 2

i

i

i

R=

energy = hQ =

Power =

P=

h

t

energy

t

h

t2

e

t

i=

h

P

= 2

2

i

e

Four students measure the height of a tower. Each student uses a different method and each measures the

height many different times. The data for each are plotted below. The measurement with highest precision is

Known

Known

30

30

Height

Height

20

20

Number of Trials

Number of Trials

10

10

20

30

Height (m)

(I)

Number of Trials

10

Known

Height

30

10

40

20

30

Height (m)

(II)

Number of Trials

40.

40

Known

Height

30

20

20

10

10

10

20

30

40

Height (m)

(III)

(B) II

Ans.

(A) I

(A)

Sol.

Precession mean

10

(C) III

20

30

Height (m)

(IV)

40

(D) IV

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CHEMISTRY

41.

Ans.

Sol.

(A) sp3 and d3sp2

(B) dsp2 and d2sp3

(C) sp3 and d2sp3

(C)

Ni(CO)4

3d

4s

4p

4s

4p

Ni0 = 3d84s2

By effect of S.F.L. CO.

sp3 Hybri.

+2

[Cr(H2O)6]

+2

Cr = 3d 4s 4p

3d

4s

4p

3d

4s

4p

d2sp3

42.

Ans.

Sol.

Extraction of silver is achieved by initial complexation of the ore (Argentite) with X followed by reduction

with Y. X and Y respectively are

(A) CN and Zn

(B) CN and Cu

(C) Cl and Zn

(D) Br and Zn

(A)

Complexation step

Ag2S + CN9 o [Ag(CN)2] + S

p + Zn Reduction step

[Zn (CN)4] 2 + Ag

43.

Ans.

Sol.

Assuming ideal behaviour, the enthalpy and volume of mixing of two liquids, respectively, are

(A) zero and zero

(B) + ve and zero

(C) ve and zero

(D) ve and ve

(A)

For Ideal Solution

'H Mix =0

'V Mix = 0

Ans.

At 298 K, the ratio of osmotic pressures of two solutions of a substance with concentrations of 0.01 M and

0.001 M, respectively, is

(A) 1

(B) 100

(C) 10

(D) 1000

(C)

Sol.

S = CRT S v C at const. T

44.

0.01

S1

C

= 1 =

= 10

S 2 C 2 0.001

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Ans.

The rate of gas phase chemical reactions generally increases rapidly with rise in temperature. This is mainly

because

(A) the collision frequency increases with temperature

(B) the fraction of molecules having energy in excess of the activation energy increases with temperature

(C) the activation energy decreases with temperature

(D) the average kinetic energy of molecules increases with temperature

(B)

46.

Among i-iv

45.

CN

Ans.

COOCH3

OCH3

(i)

(ii)

(iv)

(iii)

the compound that does not undergo polymerization under radical initiation, is

(A) i

(B) ii

(C) iii

(D)

(D) iv

Sol.

OCH3

47.

H

HO

Ans.

Sol.

are

(A) enantiomers

(A)

HO

(B) diastereomers

COOH

H

(C) conformers

(D) rotamers

COOH

H

Chiral

Carbon

Enantionmers Formed because cyclohexa diene shows optical activity.

48.

Ans.

Sol.

(A) only the entropy of the system must increase

(B) only the entropy of the suroundings must increase

(C) either the entropy of the system or that of the surroundings must increase

(D) the total entropy of the system and the surroundings must increase

(D)

('S)system + ('S)surrounding > 0 (irreversible process)

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49.

Ans.

Sol.

50.

When the size of a spherical nanoparticle decreases from 30 nm to 10nm, the ratio surface area/volume

becomes

(A) 1/3 of the original

(B) 3 times the original

(C) 1/9 of the original

(D) 9 times the original

(B)

Surface area Sd 2 6

=

=

Volume

Sd 3 d

6

d1 = 30 nm d2 = 10 nm

6

Surface area

30

d

d

Volume 2

= 2 = 1=

=3

6

d 2 10

Surface area

d1

Volume 1

The major product of the following reaction is :

Me

HO

H+

Me

Me

Me

Me

Me

Me

(A)

Ans.

Sol.

Me

OH

(B)

(C)

(D)

Me

(C)

Me

OH

Me

Me

OH

2

OH

Me

3

4

Ring Expension

(More strain in

4 member ring)

..

OH

..

Me

5 Me

3

3

OH

Me

5

Me

4

OH

O

Me

Me

Me

H+

Me

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51.

Br

4

N2Cl

Ans.

(A) LIAlH4

(B)

Br

(B) H3PO2

(C) H3O+

(D) H2/Pt

Br

Sol.

N2Cl=

H3PO2 As a reagent used because other are strong reducing agent

52.

Ans.

Sol.

53.

Ans.

Sol.

The value of the limiting molar conductivity (/) for NaCl, HCl and NaOAc are 126.4, 425.9 and 91.0 S cm2

mol 1, respectively. For HOAc, / in S cm2 mol 1 is

(A) 390.5

(B) 299.5

(C) 208.5

(A)

/(HOAc) = /(NaOAc) + /(HCl) /(NaCl)

= 91 + 425.9 126.4 = 390.5

(D) 217.4

To obtain a diffraction peak, for a crystalline solid with interplane distance equal to the wavelength of

incident X-ray radiation, the angle of incidence should be

(A) 90

(B) 0

(C) 30

(D) 60

(C)

From Bragg's equation

nO = 2d sinT

d = O, n = 1

1 O = 2 O sinT

sinT =

1

2

T = 30

54.

The standard Gibbs free energy change ('G in kJ mol 1), in a Daniel cell ( E cell

1.1 V ), when 2 moles of

Ans.

(A) 212.3

(B) 106.2

(C)

Sol.

Zn + Cu+2 o Zn+2 + Cu

(C) 424.6

(D) 53.1

2 Zn + 2 Cu+2 o 2 Zn+2 + 2 Cu

For 2 moles of Zn, n = 4

'G = nFECell = 4 96500 1.1 = 424.6 kJ

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Ans.

(A) B2H6 and NaI

(B) B2H6, H2 and NaI

(C) BI3 and NaH

(B)

Sol.

56.

The spin-only magnetic moments of [Mn(CN)6]4 and [MnBr4]2 in Bohr Magnetons, respectively, are

(A) 5.92 and 5.92

(B) 4.89 and 1.73

(C) 1.73 and 5.92

(D) 1.73 and 1.73

(C)

[Mn+2 (CN)6] 4

55.

Ans.

Sol.

Mn+2 o 3d54s04p

CN is strong ligands so creates back paring effect of (n 1) d orbitals configuration

So, unpaired e = 1

=

n (n 2) B.M

= 1.73 B.M

And in [MnBr4] 2

Br is a weak ligands so no back pairing effect on (n 1) d orbital so, unpaired e is = 5

=

57.

Ans.

Sol.

58.

Ans.

Sol.

5(5 2) =

35 = 5.92 B.M

In a zero-order reaction, if the initial concentration of the reactant is doubled, the time required for half the

reactant to be consumed

(A) increases two-fold (B) increases four-fold

(C) decreases by half

(D) does not change

(A)

A At

K= 0

t

A2

K=

2 t1 / 2

A

t1/2 = 0 Zero order

2K

t1/2 v initial concentration

so double times

The adsorption isotherm for a gas is given by the relation x = ap/(1 + bp) where x is moles of gas adsorbed

per gram of the adsorbent, p is the pressure of the gas, and a and b are constants. Then x

(A) increases with p

(B) remains unchanged with p

(C) decreases with p

(D) increases with p at low pressures and then remains the same at high pressure

(D)

According to Lagmuir curve

ap

x=

1 bp

a

pof

x=

b

po0

xvp

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59.

The reaction

OH

OH

CHO

+ CHCl3

NaOH/Heat

H+

is known as

Ans.

(C)

OH

OH

Sol.

+ CHCl3

CHO

NaOH/heat

H+

Reimer Tiemann Reaction Phenol react with CHCl3 in presence of NaOH given product

60.

Among i-iii

OH

OH

OH

OH

OH

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(A) ii < i < iii

Ans.

(C)

OH

OH

OH

OH

Sol.

(i)

(ii)

OH

(iii)

In (ii) Intra H-Bonding is not formed because ring formation is not stable

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BIOLOGY

61.

Ans.

62.

Ans.

Sol.

63

Ans.

64.

Ans.

65.

Ans.

66.

Ans.

67.

Ans.

(C) actin filaments

(D)

(D) protofilaments

In which phase of the cell cycle are sister chromatids available as template for repair ?

(A) G1 phase

(B) G2 phase

(C) S phase

(D) M phase

(D)

Because in M phase sister chromatid form.

A person has difficulty in breathing at higher altitudes because(A) oxygen is likely to diffuse from lungs to blood

(B) oxygen is likely to diffuse from blood to lungs

(C) partial pressure of O2 is lower than partial pressure of CO2

(D) overall intake of O2 by the blood becomes low

(C)

In humans, the composition of a zygote that will develop into a female is(A) 44 A + XX

(B) 44 A + XY

(C) 22 + X

(A)

(D) 23 A

If you fractionate all the organelles from the cytoplasm of a plant cell, in which one of the following sets of

fractions will you find nucleic acids ?

(A) nucleus, mitochondria, chloroplast, cytoplasm

(B) nucleus, mitochondria, chloroplast, glyoxysome

(C) nucleus, chloroplast, cytoplasm and peroxisome

(D) nucleus, mitochondria, chloroplast, Golgi bodies

(A)

A protein with 100 amino acid residues has been translated based on triplet genetic code. Had the genetic

code been quadruplet, the gene that codes for the protein would have been(A) same in size

(B) longer in size by 25 %

(C) longer in size by 100 %

(D) shorter in size

(B)

If the sequence of bases in DNA is 5'-ATGTATCTCAAT-3', then the sequence of bases in its transcript will

be(A) 5'-TACATAGAGTTA-3'

(B) 5'-UACAUAGAGUUA-3'

(C) 5'-AUGUAUCUCAAU-3'

(D) 5'-AUUGAGAUACAU-3'

(D)

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68.

Ans.

69.

Ans.

70.

Ans.

71.

Ans.

72.

Ans.

73.

Ans.

74.

Ans.

Sol.

The Na+/K+ pump is present in the plasma membrane of mammalian cells where it(A) expels potassium from the cell

(B) expels sodium and potassium from the cell

(C) pumps sodium into the cell

(D) expels sodium from the cell

(D)

The CO2 in the blood is mostly carried(A) by hemoglobin in RBCs

(B) in the cytoplasm of WBCs

(C) in the plasma as bicarbonate ions

(D) by plasma proteins

(C)

Patients who have undergone organ transplants are given anti-rejection medications to(A) minimize infection

(B) stimulate B-macrophage cell interaction

(C) prevent T-lymphocyte proliferation

(D) adopt the HLA of donor

(C)

Saline drip is given to a Cholera patient because(A) NaCl kills Vibrio cholera

(B) NaCl generates ATP

(C) Na+ ions stops nerve impulse and hence sensation of pain

(D) Na+ ions help in retention of water in body tissue

(D)

A water molecule can from a maximum of . hydrogen bonds.

(A) 1

(B) 2

(C) 3

(D)

(D) 4

Circadian Rhythm is an endogenously driven cycle for biochemical, physiological and behavioral processes.

In humans, the approximate duration of this 'biological clock' is(A) 1 Hour

(B) 6 Hours

(C) 12 Hours

(D) 24 Hours

(D)

Modern evolutionary theory consists of the concepts of Darwin modified by knowledge concerning(A) population statistics

(B) Mendel's laws

(C) the idea of the survival of the fittest

(D) competition

(C)

Propounded by Herbert Spencer for natural selection process. This explains that adaptability has the genetic

basis which proves fitness of an organism and nature selects organism for its fitness and allow to produce its

progeny in large number.

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75.

Ans.

Sol.

76.

Ans.

77.

Ans.

78.

Ans.

79.

Ans.

80.

Ans.

Soon after the three germ layers are formed in a developing embryo, the process of organogenesis starts. The

human brain is formed from the(A) ectoderm

(B) endoderm

(C) mesoderm

(D) partly endoderm and partly mesoderm

(A)

Organogenesis begins with the process of neurulation. This neurulation begin with the formation of primitive

streak in epiblast (Ectoderm) which leads to formation of neural tube (nerve cord)

Puffs in the polytene chromosomes of Drosophila melanogaster salivary glands represent(A) transcriptionally active genes

(B) transcriptionally inactive genes

(C) heterochromatin

(D) housekeeping genes

(A)

The process of cell death involving DNA cleavage in cells is known as(A) necrosis

(B) apoptosis

(C) cytokinesis

(D) endocytosis

(B)

According to the original model of DNA, as proposed by Watson & Crick in 1953, DNA is a(A) left handed helix

(B) helix that makes a full turn every 70 nm

(C) helix where one turn of DNA contains 20 basepairs

(D) two stranded helix where each strand has opposite polarity

(D)

At which stage of Meiosis I does crossing over occur ?

(A) lepoptene

(B) zygotene

(C) pachytene

(D) diplotene

(C)

An electrode is placed in the axioplasm of a mammalian axon and another electrode is placed just outside the

axon. The potential difference measured will be(A) 0

(B) 70 mV

(C) 70 V

(D) +70 V

(B)

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PART -2

Two-Marks Question

MATHEMATICS

81.

Let A and B be any two n n matrices such that the following conditions hold : AB = BA and there exist

Ans.

positive integers k and " such that Ak = I (the identity matrix) and B" = 0 (the zero matrix). Then(A) A + B = I

(B) det (AB) = 0

(C) det (A + B) z 0

(D) (A + B)m = 0 for some integer m

(B)

Sol.

det (AB) = 0

82.

Ans.

(A) is 101

(C)

Sol.

83.

Ans.

Sol.

2 2 4 2 6 2 .... (2n ) 2

1.01

12 32 5 2 .... (2n 1) 2

(B) is 121

(C) is 151

x

1.01

2n(2n 1) (4n 1)

x

6

2n(2n 1) (4n 1)

2.01x < (1.01)

6

2n(2n 1) (4n 1)

4n(n 1) (2n 1)

2.01 .

(1.01)

6

6

2.01 4n 1

n > 150.5

1.01 2n 2

The locus of the point P = (a, b) where a, b are real numbers such that the roots of x3 + ax2 + bx + a = 0 are in

arithmetic progression is(A) an ellipse

(B) a circle

(C) a parabola whose vertex in on the y-axis

(D) a parabola whose vertex is on the x-axis

(C)

Let roots Dd, D, D + d

product

a

Sum 3D= a D=

D(D2 d2) = a

3

D2 d2 = 3

pair product b = D2 Dd + D2 + Dd + D2 d2

b = 2D2 + 3

2 2

9

( y 3) parabola

b3=

a locus x 2

9

2

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Ans.

The smallest possible positive slope of a line whose y-intercept is 5 and which has a common point with the

ellipse 9x2 + 16y2 = 144 is3

4

9

(B) 1

(C)

(D)

(A)

4

3

16

(B)

Sol.

ellipse

84.

x2 y2

1

16 9

x cos T y sin T

Any tangent

1

4

3

y intercept = 5 sin T =

3

5

cos T =

4

5

tangent

x y

5 5

S

; T , S

2

1 slope = 1

Ans.

Sol.

(A) is the empty set

(B) has exactly one element

(C) has more than one but finitely many elements

(D) has infinitely many elements

(A)

for A B

cos (sin T) = 1 or 1 & sin(cos T) = 0

which is not possible

or cos (sin T) = 0 & sin (cos T) = 1 or 1

also not possible

so A B is an empty set

86.

Let f(x) = x3 + ax2 + bx + c, where a, b, c are real numbers. If f(x) has a local minimum at x = 1 and a local

85.

maximum at x =

(A)

14

3

1

and f(2) = 0, then

3

(B)

(B)

Sol.

2

1

f ' ( x ) 3 x 2 x 3x 2 2x 1

3

3

f(x) = x3 x2 x + O

f(2) = 8 4 2 + O= 0 O = 2

f(x) = x3 x2 x 2

1

f ( x) dx

2 ( x 2 2) dx

0

f (x) dx equals-

1

14

3

Ans.

2 2

3

(C)

7

3

(D)

7

3

14

3

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87.

Ans.

Sol.

88.

(A) f is one-one

(B) f has a real root

(C) f c never vanishes

(D) f takes only positive values

(D)

f(x) = x9 (x3 1) + x (x3 1) + 1 positive for x t1 or x d 0

= 1 x + x4 x9 + x12 positive for x(0, 1)

f(x) is always positive

x n (1 x ) n

For each positive integer n, define fn(x) = minimum ,

n!

n!

, for 0 d x d 1. Let In =

n ( x ) dx

,n t 1.

Then In =

is equal to-

n 1

Ans.

(A) 2 e 3

(B) 2 e 2

(C) 2 e 1

(D) 2 e

(A)

n

1/ 2

Sol.

In

n 1

89.

Ans.

Sol.

In

(1 x ) n

1

xn

dx

dx =

(n 1) !

n!

n!

1/ 2

1 / 2 1 / 2 2

......

2!

3!

1 n 1 1 n 1

2

2

1

2

(n 1) !

2 e 3

(A) is 12

(B) is 28

(C) is 72

(D) does not exist

(B)

Y

(2, 3)

(0, 2)

(2, 0)

(2, 2)

| x + y | + | x y | = 4 represent a square

x2 + y2 4x 6y = (x 2)2 + (y 3)2 13

= (distance point on square from (2, 3))2 13

Maximum = ( 2 2)2 + ( 2 3)2 13 = 28

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90.

Ans.

Sol.

The arithmetic mean and the geometric mean of two distinct 2-digit numbers x and y are two integers one of

which can be obtained by reversing the digits of the other (in base 10 representation). Then x + y equals(A) 82

(B) 116

(C) 130

(D) 148

(C)

xy

= 10a + b, xy = 10b + a

(a, b N)

2

xy = (10b + a)2

(x y)2 = 4 (11a + 11b) (9a 9b)

= 4 . 11 . (a + b) . 9(a b)

a + b = 11, a b = 1

a = 6, b = 5

((x y)2 is perfect square of an integer)

x + y = 130

PHYSICS

Electric field

magnitude

An isolated sphere of radius R contains uniform volume distribution of positive charge. Which of the curves

shown below correctly illustrates the dependence of the magnitude of the electric field of the sphere as a

function of the distance r from its centre ?

Electric field

magnitude

91.

Electric field

magnitude

(II)

Electric field

magnitude

(I)

(III)

(B) II

Ans.

Sol.

When r < R

E=

Ur

3 0

When r > R

E=

Q

4S 0 r 2

Ev

(IV)

(A) I

(B)

E vr

(C) III

(D) IV

1

r2

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92.

Ans.

Sol.

The surface of a planet is found to be uniformly charged. When a particle of mass m and no charge is thrown

at an angle from the surface of the planet, it has a parabolic trajectory as in projectile motion with horizontal

range L. A particle of mass m and charge q, with the same initial conditions has a range L/2. The range of

particle of mass m and charge 2q with the same initial conditions is(A) L

(B) L/2

(C) L/3

(D) L/4

(C)

For uncharged particle

L=

u 2 sin 2T

g

(i)

L u 2 sin 2T

=

2 g qE

m

From (i) and (ii)

. (ii)

u 2 sin 2T

u 2 sin 2T

=

qE

2g

g

m

mg = qE

Range of particle of mass m & charge 2q.

R=

93.

L

u 2 sin 2T

u 2 sin 2T

=

=

2qE

3

2qE

g

g1

m

mg

Figure below shows a small mass connected to a string, which is attached to a vertical post. If the ball is

released when the string is horizontal as shown, the magnitude of the total acceleration (including radial and

tangential) of the mass as a function of the angle T is-

T

Initial

Position

Sol.

(A) g sinT

(D)

(C) g cosT

(D) g 3 sin 2 T 1

T

"sinT

"

(90T)

Ans.

(B) g 3 cos T 1

2

T

g cos T

V

2g" sin T

V2

= 2 g sin T

=

R

"

tangential acceleration = g cos T

Radical acceleration =

total acceleration =

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Ans.

One mole of an ideal gas at initial temperature T, undergoes a quasi-static process during which the volume

V is doubled. During the process the internal energy U obeys the equation U = aV3, where a is a constant.

The work done during this process is(A) 3RT / 2

(B) 5RT / 2

(C) 5RT / 3

(D) 7RT / 3

(D)

Sol.

U = aV3

94.

f nRT

= aV3

2

PV = RT

PV

= aV3

R

P = CV2

2V

W=

PdV =

2V

CV 2 dV =

C

7 V 3C

(8V 3 V 3 ) =

3

3

fRT

= aV3

2

PV = RT

f PV

= aV3

2

2a 2

V

f

C=

2a

f

W=

7

2a

7

7RT

V3

=

fnRT=

3

f

3f

3

A constant amount of an ideal gas undergoes the cyclic process ABCA in the PV diagram shown below

P(kPa)

95.

P=

Ans.

500

200

2

3

V(m )

The path BC is an isothermal. The work done by the gas during one complete cycle, beginning and ending at

A, is nearly(A) 600 kJ

(B) 300 kJ

(C) 300 kJ

(D) 600 kJ

(C)

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P

500

Sol.

200

A

2

B

V

WCoA = 0

Process BC

T = Constant

PCVC = PB VB

500 2 = 200 VB

VB = 5m3

WAoB = 200 [VB VA] = 200 [5 2]

= 600

WBoC > WAoB

?Net work done is ve

?Total W < 600 KJ

96.

A material is embedded between two glass plates. Refractive index n of the material varies with thickness as

shown below. The maximum incident angle (in degrees) on the material for which beam will pass through

the material isn

1.5 Glass

Material Glass

1.2

x

Ans.

Sol.

97.

(A) 60.0

(B) 53.1

(C) 43.5

(D) 32.3

(B)

1.5 sini = 1.2 sinr

1.5

sinr =

sini

1.2

T/R should not take place

?sinr < 1

1.5

sini < 1

1.2

12

sini <

15

sini < 0.8

1

= 0.707

sin 45 =

2

imax > 45

At a distance " from a uniformly charged long wire, a charged particle is thrown radially outward with a

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Ans.

Sol.

velocity u in the direction perpendicular to the wire. When the particle reaches a distance 2" from the wire

its speed is found to be 2 u . The magnitude of the velocity, when it is a distance 4" away from the wire, is

(ignore gravity)

(A) 3 u

(B) 2u

(C) 2 2 u

(D) 4u

(A)

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

"

2"

4"

1

1

qVA +

mu2 = qVB + m 2u2

2

2

1

q [VA VB] =

mu2

2

O

1

ln2 =

q

mu2

2

2S 0

energy conservation at A & C

1

1

qVA +

mu2 = qVC +

mv2

2

2

1

1

2

q [VA VC] +

mu = mv2

2

2

qO

1

1

2

ln 4 +

mu =

mv2

2

2

2S 0

2qO

1

1

ln 2 +

mu2 =

mv2

2

2

2S 0

1

1

mu2 +

mu2 =

mv2

2

2

3 2 1 2

u = v v= 3u

2

2

98.

A rectangular loop of wire shown below is coplanar with a long wire carrying current I.

Ans.

The loop is pulled to the right as indicated. What are the directions of the induced current in the loop and the

magnetic forces on the left and the right sides of the loop ?

Induced current

Force on left side

Force on right side

(A)

Counterclockwise

To the left

To the right

(B)

Clockwise

To the left

To the right

(C)

Counterclockwise

To the right

To the left

(D)

Clockwise

To the right

To the left

(B)

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Sol.

loop is going away from wire

I

F

99.

+

V1

Ans.

+

I

V2

If V1 = 2V and V2 = 0 V, the current I = 3 mA. If V1 = 0 V and V2 = 4V, the current I = 4mA. Now, if

V1 = 10 V and V2 = 10 V, the current I will be(A) 7 mA

(B) 15 mA

(C) 20 mA

(D) 25 mA

(D)

Sol.

R1

R2

R

V1

V2

V1 V2

R 1R 2

R

R2

V R V2 R1

Veq = 1

1 2

; Req =

1

1

R

R

R

1

2

1 R2

R1 R 2

I=

Veq

R R eq

In each case Req & R is same only V1 & V2 is changing ? Veq is changing

C

ase - 1

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Case - 2

Veq =

2 u R 2 0 u R1

R1 R 2

Veq =

2R 2

R1 R 2

Veq =

4R 1

R1 R 2

I1

3

2R 2

=

=

4

4R 1

I2

Case - 3

Veq =

[V1 = 2 , V2 = 0]

[V1 = 0 , V2 = 4]

3

R2

=

R1

2

10R1 10R 2

R1 R 2

3

3

2R 2

2 u 1.5R1

or Ic = 25 mA

=

10

(

R

R

)

10

(2.5R1 )

I'

I'

1

2

100.

Ans.

Sol.

x 2 y2

= 1. At point (0, b), the x-component of

a 2 b2

velocity is u. The y-component of acceleration at this point is(A) bu2 / a2

(B) u2 / b

(C) au2 / b2

(D) u2 / a

(A)

A particle moves in a plane along an elliptic path given by

x 2 y2

+

=1

a 2 b2

ux = u at (0, b)

uy = 0

2 x dx 2 y dy

+ 2

=0

a 2 dt

b dt

Again diff. w.r.t. to time

2

2 dx

2x d 2 x

2y d 2 y

2 dy

+

+ 2 = 0

+

2

2

2

2

2

a dt

b dt

b dt

a dt

acceleration at (0, b) is

b

ay = u2

a

CHEMISTRY

101.

Ans.

Sol.

XeF6 hydrolyses to give an oxide. The structure of XeF6 and the oxide, respectively, are(A) octahedral and tetrahedral

(B) distorted octahedral and pyramidal

(C) octahedral and pyramidal

(D) distorted octahedral and tetrahedral

(B)

XeF6 + 3H2O

o

XeO3 + 6HF

p

3 3

Sp d Hybridisation

(distorted octahedral)

p

Sp3 Hybridisation

(Pyramidal)

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Ans.

Sol.

MnO4 oxidizes (i) oxalate ion in acidic medium at 333 K and and (ii) HCl. For balanced chemical

equations, the ratios [MnO4 : C2O42 ] in (i) and [MnO4 : HCl] in (ii), respectively, are(A) 1 : 5 and 2 : 5

(B) 2 : 5 and 1 : 8

(C) 2 : 5 and 1 : 5

(D) 5 : 2 and 1 : 8

(B)

16H+ + 2MnO4 + 5C2O42 o 2Mn+2 + 10CO2 + 8H2O

MnO4 : C2O42 = 2 : 5

2KMnO4 + 16 HCl o 2KCl + 2MnCl2 + 5Cl2 + 8H2O

MnO4 : HCl = 2 : 16 = 1 : 8

103.

102.

Ans.

Sol.

(A) 0.330 V

(B)

Fe+3 / Fe

Fe+2 + 2e o Fe

Fe+3 + e o Fe+2

E0 = 0.44

E0 = 0.770

Fe+3 + 3e o Fe

E0 = ?

E0 =

104.

Ans.

Sol.

105.

(B) 0.037 V

(C) 0.330 V

(D) 1.210 V

n1E10 n 2 E 02

=

=

= 0.037 volt

n3

3

3

The electron in hydrogen atom is in the first Bohr orbit (n = 1). The ratio of transition energies, E(n = 1 o n

= 3) to E(n = 1 o n = 2), is-

(A) 32/27

(B) 16/27

(C) 32/9

(D) 8/9

(A)

1 1

1

.32

1

'E1o3 12 32

=

'E = 13.6 2 2 eV/atom ;

=

'E1o2 1 1

27

n1 n 2

2

2

1 2

In the following conversion,

CN

(i) M eM gBr

(ii) H 3O

CH3

CH3

N

H

and

H

NaOH/I2

H 3O

O

NH2

NH2

and

(i)

(ii)

O

CH3

OH

and

O

CH3

and

OH

CH3

(iv)

(iii)

Ans.

(A) i

(C)

(B) ii

(C) iii

(D) iv

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Sol.

CN

106.

CCH3

(i) Me MgBr

(ii) H3O+

COH

Idoform Reaction

NaOH/I2

H3O+

OH

OH

HNO2

H2SO 4

O

and

O

OH

OH

OH

and

OH

(ii)

(i)

O

O

and

OH

O

N

OH

N

and

(iii)

Ans.

OH

N

OH

(A) i

(C)

(B) ii

H

O

OH

(iv)

(C) iii

(D) iv

O

N

HNO2

intramolecular

H-Bonding

H2SO4

OH

Sol.

O

N

OH

107.

Optically active (S)-D-methoxyacetaldehyde on reaction with MeMgX gave a mixture of alcohols. The

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major diastereomer 'P' on treatment with MeI/K2CO3 gave an optically inactive compound. P isOCH3

OCH3

OCH3

OCH3

CH3

H3 C

OH

(i)

(A) i

Ans.

Sol.

108.

Ans.

Sol.

109.

Ans.

Sol.

H3 C

CH3

CH3

CH3

H3 C

H3 C

OH

(ii)

(B) ii

OH

OH

(iii)

(C) iii

(iv)

(D) iv

Incorrect question

The statement optically active (s) D methoxy acetaldehyde is incorrect.

At 300 K the vapour pressure of two pure liquids, A and B are 100 and 500 mm Hg, respectively. If in a

mixture of A and B, the vapour pressure is 300 mm Hg, the mole fractions of A in the liquid and in the

vapour phase, respectively, are(A) 1/2 and 1/10

(B) 1/4 and 1/6

(C) 1/4 and 1/10

(D) 1/2 and 1/6

(D)

1

100.

PA0 X A

2

YA = 0

=

1

1

PA X A PB0 X B

100. 500.

2

2

50

=

Ps = ( p 0A p 0B ) XA + p 0B

50 250

50

=

300 = ( 400) XA + 500

300

1

= 1/6

XA =

2

1

?XB =

2

The crystal field stabilization energies (CFSE) of high spin and low spin d6 metal complexes in terms of '0,

respectively, are-

(A) 0.4 and 2.4

(B) 2.4 and 0.4

(C) 0.4 and 0.0

(D) 2.4 and 0.0

(A)

d6'0

+1.2

+0.600

0.400

0.40

1.6

High spin

= 0.400 6

2.400

0.4'0

Low spin

110.

Emulsification of 10 ml of oil in water produces 2.4 1018 droplets. If the surface tension at the oil-water

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Ans.

Sol.

interface is 0.03 Jm 2 and the area of each droplet is 12.5 10 16 m2, the energy spent in the formation of oil

droplets is(A) 90 J

(B) 30 J

(C) 900 J

(D) 10 J

(A)

Total droplets

= 2.4 1018

total area

= total droplets area of one drop

= 2.4 1018 12.5 10 16

= 12.5 2.4 102 m2

Energy consumption

= 0.03 12.5 2.4 102

= 90 Joule

BIOLOGY

111.

Ans.

112.

Ans.

113.

Ans.

Which sequence of events gives rise to flaccid guard cells and stomatal closure at night ?

(A) low [Glucose] low osmotic pressure low pH high pCO2

(B) low pH high pCO2 low [Glucose] low osmotic pressure

(C) low osmotic pressure high pCO2 low pH low [Glucose]

(D) high pCO2 low pH low [Glucose] low osmotic pressure

(D)

Rice has a diploid genome with 2n = 24. If crossing-over is stopped in a rice plant and then selfed seeds are

collected, will all the offsprings be genetically identical to the parent plant ?

(A) yes, because crossing-over is the only source of genetic variation

(B) no, because stopping of crossing-over automatically increases rate of point mutation

(C) yes, only if the parent plant was a completely inbred line

(D) yes, only if the parent plant was a hybrid between two pure-bred lines

(C)

Rodents can distinguish between many different types of odours. The basis for odour discrimination is that(A) they have a small number of odorant receptors that bind to many different odorant molecules

(B) the mechanoreceptors in the nasal cavity are activated by different odorant molecules found in the air

passing through the nostrils

(C) the part of the brain that processes the sense of smell has many different receptors for odorant molecules

(D) a large number of different chemoreceptors are present in the nasal cavity that binds a variety of odorant

molecules

(D)

Ans.

Although blood flows through large arteries at high pressure, when the blood reaches small capillaries the

pressure decreases because(A) the valves in the arteries regulate the rate of blood flow into the capillaries

(B) the volume of blood in the capillaries is much lesser than that in the arteries

(C) the total cross-sectional area of capillaries arising from an artery is much greater than that of the artery

(D) elastin fibers in the capillaries help to reduce the arterial pressure

(C)

115.

E.coli about to replicate was pulsed with tritiated thymidine for 5 min and then transferred to normal

114.

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Ans.

116.

Ans.

117.

Ans.

118.

Ans.

119.

Ans.

120.

Ans.

medium. After one cell division which one of the following observations would be correct ?

(A) both the strands of DNA will be radioactive

(B) one strand of DNA will be radioactive

(C) none of the strands will be radioactive

(D) half of one strand of DNA will be radioactive

(B)

Selection of lysine auxotroph (bacteria which requires lysine for growth) from a mixed population of bacteria

can be done by growing the bacterial population in the presence of(A) lysine

(B) penicillin

(C) lysine and penicillin

(D) glucose

(D)

Increasing the number of measurements of an experimental variable will(A) increase the standard error of the sample

(B) increase the mean of the sample

(C) decrease the standard error of the sample

(D) result in all of the above

(C)

For a human male what is the probability that all the maternal chromosomes will end up in the same gamete ?

(A) 1/23

(B) 223

(C) 246

(D) (1/2)23

(D)

Nocturnal animals have retinas that contain(A) a high percentage of rods to increase sensitivity to low light conditions

(B) a high percentage of cones so that nocturnal color vision can be improved in low light conditions

(C) an equal number of rods and cones so that vision can be optimized

(D) retinas with the photoreceptor layer present in the front of the eye to increase light sensitivity

(A)

The length of one complete turn of a DNA double helix is(A) 34

(B) 34 nm

(C) 3.4

(A)

(D) 3.4 m

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