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Requirements for Installation and

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Requirements for Installation and Operation

The information in this document is subject to change without notice and describes only the
product defined in the introduction of this documentation. This document is not an official
customer document and Nokia Networks does not take responsibility for any errors or omissions
in this document. No part of it may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or means without
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The information or statements given in this document concerning the suitability, capacity, or
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DN7037979
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Contents

Contents
Contents 3
1

CE marking 5

FCC Part 15 compliance 7

3
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4

3.6
3.7

Environmental requirements 9
Environmental specifications and requirements for a stand-alone BTS 9
Installations with cabinet 11
Environmental specifications and requirements for modules in FCIA 12
Environmental specifications and requirements for modules in FCOA
without air filter 13
Environmental specifications and requirements for modules in FCOA with
air filter 14
Safety distance requirements (compliance boundaries) 15
Compliance with EMC, RF and safety 24

4
4.1
4.2
4.2.1
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8

Site requirements 27
Planning and preparing the site 27
Site requirements 27
Indoor site requirements 28
Feederless site requirements 29
Pole installation requirements 30
Wall installation requirements 32
Module clearances 34
FCIA clearances and anchoring holes 36
FCOA clearances and anchoring holes 39

5
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4

Power requirements 43
Grounding requirements 43
Mains power requirements 44
BTS power consumption and battery backup times
Overvoltage protection requirements 47

6
6.1
6.2
6.3

Dimensions and weights 49


Module dimensions and weight 49
FCIA dimensions and weight 51
FCOA dimensions and weight 52

3rd party cabinet requirements 53

3.5

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Requirements for Installation and Operation

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DN7037979
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CE marking

CE marking

0523
DN02246819

Figure 1.

CE marking

Hereby, Nokia Corporation declares that this Nokia Base Station is in compliance
with the essential requirements and other relevant provisions of Directive: 1999/
5/EC.

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Requirements for Installation and Operation

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FCC Part 15 compliance

FCC Part 15 compliance


This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B
digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to
provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential
installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency
energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may
cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no
guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. Changes or
modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance
could void the users authority to operate the equipment.

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Requirements for Installation and Operation

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Environmental requirements

3
3.1

Environmental requirements
Environmental specifications and requirements for
a stand-alone BTS
Nokia Flexi WCDMA stand-alone BTS (modules installed without a cabinet) can
operate under the environmental specifications defined in the tables below.
When choosing an installation location for Nokia Flexi WCDMA stand-alone
BTS, notice that heat and moisture may damage the equipment. Install the base
station preferably away from direct sunlight, and protect the BTS from direct rain,
splash water and salt fog.

Table 1.

Climatic conditions for operation

Property

Value

Transportation requirements

ETSI 300 019-1-2, Class 2.3, climate conditions


according to class 2.3
(for singe module, in packing)

Storage requirements

ETSI 300 019-1-1, Class 1.2


(for singe module, in packing)

Operational requirements

ETSI 300 019-1-3, class 3.2 (indoor site)


ETSI 300 019-1-4, class 4.1 (outdoor site)

Wind driven rain

GR-487-CORE
MIL-STD 810E method 506.3 for Rainfall rate 15
cm/hr and Wind velocity 33 m/s

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Requirements for Installation and Operation

Table 1.

Climatic conditions for operation (cont.)

Property

Value

Salt fog and dust

IEC 721-2-5
IEC 68-2-52/Kb, Stress level 1 with 0,44% salt
solution by weight.
This corresponds to IEC 721-2-5 Humid costal and
inland (moderate) environment with < 8mg/(m2day)
salt deposition for outdoor BTS without optional
cabinet with air filter.
A typical installation location example: 500 m from
the seashore.

Ingress Protection

IP55

Safety

IEC-60950-1

Earthquake Requirements

Bellcore GR-63-CORE, Vibrational requirements


for earthquake Zone 4
Max. 5 modules in pile, maximum total height 15 U
Bellcore GR-63-CORE, Vibrational requirements
for earthquake Zone 2
Max. 9 modules in pile, maximum total height 22 U

Operational temperature range

-33C - +50C (91.4F - 122F)


+45C (113F) in direct sunlight
+55C (131F) no guaranteed RF performance

Table 2.

Configuration

1+1+1@ 20 W

Flexi WCDMA BTS acoustic noise (tentative, fan SW control


optimization ongoing )

Minimum [dBA]

Typical [dBA]

Max [dBA]

Max [dBA]

(in 15C, 10 % RF (in 23C, 50 % RF (in 40C, 100 %


Load)
load)
Rf load)

(in 50C, 100 %


RF load)

Max. 54

Max. 56

Max. 61

Max. 64

Max. 54

Max. 57

Max. 62

Max. 64

(System with Dual


and Single RF
Module)
1+1+1@ 40 W
2+2+2@ 20 W
(System with Dual
and Single RF
Module)

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Environmental requirements

Table 2.

Configuration

Flexi WCDMA BTS acoustic noise (tentative, fan SW control


optimization ongoing ) (cont.)

Minimum [dBA]

2+2+2@ 40 W

Typical [dBA]

Max [dBA]

Max [dBA]

(in 15C, 10 % RF (in 23C, 50 % RF (in 40C, 100 %


Load)
load)
Rf load)

(in 50C, 100 %


RF load)

Max. 55

Max. 59

Max. 64

Max. 65

Max. 1.5

Max. 1.5

Max. 1.5

Max. 1.5

4+4+4 @ 20 W
(System with three
Dual Modules)
FPMA effect
Add to above
values:

If the base station site does not meet the above mentioned requirements, it may be
necessary to install the modules inside an outdoor cabinet. See Section
Installations with cabinet for more information.

3.2

Installations with cabinet


Modules can be installed in an indoor cabinet or an outdoor cabinet without an air
filter, when:
.

You want to install more than nine modules in a pile (total height over 22
U),

you want to install more than five modules in a pile (total height over 15
U) and still meet the Bellcore GR-63-CORE Zone 4 requirement,

you want to install the BTS in a separate locked space,

installation space for site support or integrated battery backup unit (IBBU)
is needed.

Note
IBBU can only be installed in outdoor cabinet.

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Requirements for Installation and Operation

BTS outdoor cabinet installation with an air filter must be used when standard
based operational environmental conditions presented in Environmental
specifications and requirements for a stand-alone BTS are exceeded. A cabinet
with an optional air filter is needed to provide better environmental conditions for
the BTS. Typically, a cabinet with an optional air filter is needed:

3.3

in places where dust is a concern,

next to a dusty road with heavy traffic,

in sandy terrain with the possibility of wind-blown sand in the air,

next to an industrial plant with significant emissions of dust or other


particles, such as cement factory, sawmill, and so on,

nearby a cornfield with heavy straw dust during harvesting,

in places where salt fog or acid rain caused by air pollution is a concern,

near sea shore:


.
with dense salt fog due to breaking waves,
.
with dense salt fog and line of sight to the sea (not behind a large
building),
.
where wind-driven salt fog from sea can be identified.

in site locations where surrounding metal structures show signs of


corrosion due to extreme conditions (salt in air),

in locations with especially heavy rainfalls and high humidity combined


with air pollution.

Environmental specifications and requirements for


modules in FCIA
Nokia Flexi WCDMA BTS modules inside Flexi Cabinet for Indoor (FCIA) can
operate in the climatic conditions as defined in the table below.

Table 3.

Climatic conditions for operation

Property

Value

Transportation requirements

ETS 300 019-1-2, Class 2.3

Storage requirements

ETS 300 019-1-1, Class 1.2

Operational requirements

ETS 300 019-1-3, Class 3.2


GR-63-CORE

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Environmental requirements

Table 3.

Climatic conditions for operation (cont.)

Property

Value

Noise power, night time

55 dB(A)

(in +15 C, according ISO 3744)

(for 1+1+1 configuration)

Noise power, day time

59 dB(A)

(in +23 C according ISO 3744)

(for 1+1+1 configuration)

Noise power, extreme

64 dB(A)

(in +45 C, according ISO 3744)

(for 1+1+1 configuration)

Salt fog and dust

IEC 68-2-60/Ke

Ingress Protection

IP22

Safety

IEC 60950-1

Earthquake Requirements

Bellcore GR-63-CORE, Zone 4

3.4

Environmental specifications and requirements for


modules in FCOA without air filter
Nokia Flexi WCDMA BTS modules installed inside Flexi Cabinet for Outdoor
(FCOA) can operate in the climatic conditions as defined in the table below.

Table 4.

Climatic conditions for operation

Property

Value

Transportation requirements

ETSI 300 019-1-2, Class 2.3, climate conditions


according to class 2.3

Storage requirements

ETSI 300 019-1-1, Class 1.2

Operational requirements

ETSI 300 019-1-4, class 4.1 and IEC class 4M5

Wind Driven rain

GR-487-CORE
MIL-STD 810E method 506.3 for Rainfall rate 15
cm/hr.
Wind load 67 m/s

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Requirements for Installation and Operation

Table 4.

Climatic conditions for operation (cont.)

Property

Value

Salt fog and dust

IEC 721-2-5
IEC 68-2-52/Kb, Stress level 1 with 0,44% salt
solution by weight.
This corresponds to IEC 721-2-5 Humid costal and
inland (moderate) environment with < 8mg/(m2day)
salt deposition for outdoor BTS without optional
cabinet with air filter.
Typical installation location example: 500 m from
the seashore.

Noise power, night time (in +15 C,


according ISO 3744)

55 dB(A)

Noise power, day time (in +23 C


according ISO 3744)

59 dB(A)

Noise power, extreme (in +45 C,


according ISO 3744)

64 dB(A)

Ingress Protection

IP55

Safety

IEC-60950-1

Earthquake Requirements

Bellcore GR-63-CORE, Zone4

3.5

(for 1+1+1 configuration)

(for 1+1+1 configuration)

(for 1+1+1 configuration)

Environmental specifications and requirements for


modules in FCOA with air filter
Nokia Flexi WCDMA BTS modules installed inside Flexi Cabinet for Outdoor
(FCOA) with an optional air filter can operate in the climatic conditions as
defined in the table below.

Table 5.

Climatic conditions for operation

Property

Value

Transportation requirements

ETSI 300 019-1-2, Class 2.3, climate conditions


according to class 2.3

Storage requirements

ETSI 300 019-1-1, Class 1.2

Operational requirements

ETSI 300 019-1-4, class 4.1 and IEC class 4M5

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Environmental requirements

Table 5.

Climatic conditions for operation (cont.)

Property

Value

Wind Driven rain

GR-487-CORE
MIL-STD 810E method 506.3 for Rainfall rate 15
cm/hr
Wind load 67 m/s

Salt fog and dust

IEC 721-2-5
IEC 68-2-52/Kb, Stress level 1 with 5% salt
solution by weight
This corresponds to IEC 721-2-5 oceanic and
coastal environment with > 8mg/(m2day) salt
deposition for outdoor BTS with optional air filter.

When installing a cabinet with an air filter on a sea shore, it is recommended that the cabinet
is installed with the side wall facing the sea (not the filter or the door).
Noise power, night time (in +15 C,
according ISO 3744)

56 dB(A)*

Noise power, day time (in +23 C


according ISO 3744)

60 dB(A)*

Noise power, extreme (in +45 C,


according ISO 3744)

65 dB(A)*

Ingress Protection

IP55

Safety

IEC-60950-1

Earthquake Requirements

Bellcore GR-63-CORE, Zone4

(for 1+1+1 configuration)

(for 1+1+1 configuration)

(for 1+1+1 configuration)

*Noise power figures measured with a clean filter.

3.6

Safety distance requirements (compliance


boundaries)
This section describes compliance with reference levels (based on basic
restrictions) for general public and occupational exposure to radio frequency
electromagnetic fields
Installing base stations to ensure public safety

This equipment generates radio frequency energy, which has a thermal effect
when absorbed by the human body. For this reason compliance boundaries
specific to this equipment have been established. The thermal effects of radio
frequency energy can exceed safety levels when a person is inside the established

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Requirements for Installation and Operation

compliance boundaries. Observe the compliance boundary, and make sure the
general public has no access to areas inside the established boundaries. The
information shown in Warnings and cautions provided section below is taken
from the relevant section of Nokias user manual containing warnings and
cautions specific to the equipment.
Installing base stations to ensure installer safety

Installation engineers need to be aware of the potential risk of the thermal effects
of radio frequency energy and how to protect him/herself against undue risk. The
information shown in Warnings and cautions provided section is taken from the
relevant section of Nokias user manual containing warnings and cautions
specific to the equipment.
Warnings and cautions provided

Reference safety distances


When working close to transmitter antennas, the proper safety distances must be
observed. The minimum safe distance from an antenna is measured in metres.

Warning
Do not go any closer to a live antenna than the compliance boundary. The
radio frequency energy generated by the antenna poses a serious health risk.

Warning
If performing installation or maintenance procedures on a BTS, make sure
that all transmitters in the area are switched off.

When assessing the applicable boundaries, the European standards EN 50383,


EN 50384, EN 50385 and Council Recommendation 1999/519/EC for
occupational and general public electromagnetic exposure limits - see Annex A have been applied.
The statements shown below are taken from the Nokias user manual containing
warning and cautions specific to the equipment.

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Environmental requirements

Assessment applying SAR measurements

European standards EN 50383, EN 50384 and EN 50385 do not include


specifications for whole body SAR measurements. Whole body SAR
measurements are not required for transmitters that have maximum output power
levels too low to result in exposure levels that can reach the whole body SAR
compliance limits under any conditions. Whole body SAR exclusion power
levels have been based on the worst case assumptions. For details, see the table
below.

Table 6.

Whole body SAR exclusion power levels

Exposure category

Maximum output power (rms)

General public

Max power [W] = general public whole


body SAR limit [W/kg] * 12.5 kg: 4-yearold child body mass = 1 W

Occupational

Max power [W] = occupational whole


body SAR limit [W/kg] * 42 kg: 16-yearold worker body mass = 16.8 W

Localised SAR measurements can only be used when:


1.

The separation between the phantom and the outer surface of the energy
generating element is 40 cm (15.6 in.) or less.

2.

The surface area of the energy generating element is less than 60 cm (23.6
in.) by 30 cm (11.8 in.).

3.

The frequency is in the range of 800 to 3000 MHz.

For the reasons above, SAR measurements are not applicable to Nokia Flexi
WCDMA Base Station.
Assessment of compliance boundary

The compliance boundary is defined as the area around the antenna shown in the
Area around the antenna figure below. The antenna is located at the origo.
Distances from the antenna are shown. The top and side views are shown in the
Antenna side and top view figure below, in Picture 1 and Picture 2.

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Requirements for Installation and Operation

Dside

Dup

back

Dside

front

Ddown
Drear

Dside

0
Dfront

Figure 2.

front

DN03400968

Area around the antenna

1
Dside
front

Dside
back

Dup

Dfront

Dfront

triangle

Drear

Drear

triangle
Dfront

Dside
back

Dside

Ddown

front

DN03400995

Figure 3.

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Antenna side and top view

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Environmental requirements

The compliance boundaries for Nokia Flexi WCDMA Base Station 1,7/2,1 are
given in the tables below for different power levels at the antenna input. Typical
and worst case power level configurations for general public (GP) and
occupational (O) exposure limits are included in the tables below.

Table 7.

Dfront

Dimensions of compliance boundary in


meters (General Public)
Dfronttriangl

Drear

Dsideback

Dsidefront

Dup

Ddown

Freq.
(MHz)

Power at
antenna
input

GP

GP

GP

GP

GP

GP

GP

900

40

2.4

0.3

0.4

0.95

0.95

1700

40

4.4

1.2

0.1

0.2

1.5

0.6

0.6

1800

40

4.4

1.2

0.1

0.2

1.5

0.5

0.5

2100

40

4.7

1.5

0.1

0.4

1.5

0.6

0.6

Table 8.

Dfront

Dimensions of compliance boundary in


meters (occupational)
Dfronttriangl

Drear

Dsideback

Dsidefront

Dup

Ddown

Freq.
(MHz)

Power at
antenna
input

900

40

2.95

0.05

0.2

0.6

0.85

0.85

1700

40

1.9

1.1

0.1

0.2

0.45

0.48

0.48

1800

40

2.1

1.1

0.1

0.2

0.65

0.45

0.45

2100

40

1.95

0.7

0.1

0.25

0.5

0.6

0.6

The component specifications for 900 MHz and 1800 MHz also apply to 850
MHz and 1900 MHz products, respectively, and can be used to demonstrate
compliance with FCC guidelines for human exposure to radio frequency
electromagnetic fields contained in FCC document OET Bulletin 65 (August
1997).
Typical configuration

The antenna is connected through a connector and cable(s) to the base station as
shown in the figure below.

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Requirements for Installation and Operation

Antenna

Antenna connector
Cable

To the base station


DN03401004

Figure 4.

Antenna connection to the BTS

Table 9.

A detailed description of the components

Power (Pout)

20 W

Total connector loss

0.0 dB

Total cable loss

0.0 dB

Total Loss (L) = Total connector loss +


Total cable loss

0.0 dB

Number of transmitter unit (N)

Power at antenna input = PoutN10

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-L / 10

20 W

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The worst-case power level configuration is when N is 2 and there is no loss. In


such a case, the power at antenna input is 40 W.

Table 10.

A typical antenna specification

Frequency

2100 MHz

1700 MHz

1800/1900/2100 MHz

Gain

17.2 dBi

17 dBi

17.2 dBi

Half-power beam width

H-plane: 68 deg.

H-plane: 60 deg.

H-plane: 68 deg.

E-plane: 10 deg.

E-plane: 10 deg.

E-plane: 10 deg.

Electrical downtilt

0 deg.

0 deg.

0 deg.

Height/width/depth

1000 / 200 / 100 mm

1100 / 200 / 100 mm

1100 / 200 / 100 mm

When using different configurations

IMPORTANT:
.

In tables 'Dimensions of compliance boundary in meters for general


public (GP)' and 'Dimensions of compliance boundary in meters
(Occupational)' the compliance boundaries are given for different
power levels, including the typical and worst case levels. If an exposure
limit, antenna, and/or configuration is used which does not correspond
to the levels given in tables 'Dimensions of compliance boundary in
meters for general public (GP)' and 'Dimensions of compliance
boundary in meters (Occupational)', the compliance boundary must
be re-calculated according to EN50383.

The formula for calculating the compliance boundary using the farfield model, which is referenced in EN50383, is given in ANNEX B
later in this section. This model is applicable for calculating the
compliance boundary for the far-field region and over estimates the
compliance boundary for the radiating near-field region, but is not
applicable for calculating the compliance boundary for the reactive
near-field region where the distance from the antenna is less than or
equal to / 4.

ANNEX A: Council recommendation 1999/519/EC for occupational and


general public electromagnetic exposure limits

Table 11.

Basic restrictions

Exposure
characteristics

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range

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Whole body
average SAR
(W kg-1

Localised SAR
(head and
trunk) W kg-1

Localised SAR
(limbs) W kg-1

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Requirements for Installation and Operation

Table 11.

Basic restrictions (cont.)

Occupational
exposure

10 MHz - 10
GHz

0.4

10

20

General public
exposure

10 MHz - 10
GHz

0.08

Note
All SAR values are to be averaged over any period of 6 minutes.

Note
Localised SAR averaging mass is any 10 g of contiguous tissue: the maximum
SAR so obtained should be the value used for the estimation of exposure.

Note
Basic restrictions between 10 GHz and 300 GHz are given in power densities. For
occupational exposure, it is 50 Wm-2 and for general public exposure 10 Wm-2.

Table 12.

Reference values calculated from basic restrictions

Exposure
characteristics

Frequency range

Electric field
strength V/m

Equivalent plane
wave power density
S (W m-2)

Occupational
exposure

10 - 400 MHz

61

10

General public
exposure

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1/2

400 - 2000 MHz

3f

f/40

2 - 300 GHz

137

50

10 - 400 MHz

28

400 - 2000 MHz

1.375f1/2

f/200

2 - 300 GHz

61

10

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f is frequency in MHz

for frequencies between 100 KHz and 10 GHz, S is to be averaged over


any period of 6 minutes

for frequencies exceeding 10 GHz, S is to be averaged over any period of


68/f1.05 minutes (f in GHz)

ANNEX B: Far-field calculation method

This model is applicable for calculating the compliance boundary for the far-field
region and over estimates the compliance boundary for the radiating near-field
region, but is not applicable for calculating the compliance boundary for the
reactive near-field region where the distance from the antenna is less than or
equal to /4, which is 3.75 cm at 2000 MHz. Therefore, all calculations are valid
when the compliance boundary is greater or equal to the antenna dimensions plus
/4.
The minimum safety distance (compliance boundary) in metres, or 'rmin', is
calculated according to the following equation:

(G - L) / 10
N 10
Pout
rmin =
4p S
DN02152589

Figure 5.

Formula for safety distances

The meaning of each formula component is as follows:

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N is the number of transmitter units per one antenna

G is the antenna gain (in dB)

L is the minimum cable losses (in dB)

Pout is the maximum power of one transmitter unit (in W)

S is the maximum power density limit (in W/m)

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Requirements for Installation and Operation

Note
In the far-field, the field calculation does not take into account the antenna size,
which is assumed to be a point source. Therefore, when calculating the
compliance boundary, the far-field data, antenna size and reactive field criteria
have to be taken into account.

3.7

Compliance with EMC, RF and safety


In Europe this means compliance with Directive 1999/5/EC of the European
Parliament and of the Council of 9 March 1999 on radio equipment and
telecommunications terminal equipment and the mutual recognition of their
conformity.
In other market areas additional compliance is fulfilled according to relevant
authority requirements.
EMC emission
.

ETSI EN 301 489-1: Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum


Matters (ERM); ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standard for radio
equipment and services; Part 1: Common technical requirements.

EN55022 (1994): "Limits and methods of measurement of radio


disturbance characteristics of information technology equipment".

3GPP TS 25.113: 3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical


Specification Group Radio Access Networks; Base station and Repeater
electromagnetic compatibility (EMC).

FCC Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 47, Part 15 "Radio Frequency


Devices"

EMC immunity

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ETSI EN 301 489-1: Electromagnetic Compatibility and Radio Spectrum


Matters (ERM); Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standard for radio
equipment and services - Part 1: Common technical requirements.

ETSI EN 301 489-23: Electromagnetic Compatibility and Radio Spectrum


Matters (ERM); Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standard for radio
equipment and services - Part 23: Specific conditions for IMT-2000
CDMA Direct Spread (UTRA) Base Station (BS) radio, repeater and
ancillary equipment.

# Nokia Corporation

DN7037979
Issue 2-0 en draft

Environmental requirements

3GPP TS 25.113: 3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical


Specification Group Radio Access Networks; Base station and Repeater
electromagnetic compatibility (EMC).

IEC 1000-4-9: Pulse magnetic field immunity test.

IEC 1000-4-8: "Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Part 4. Testing and


measurement techniques Section 8: Power frequency magnetic field
immunity test, Basic EMC Publication".

RF
.

ETSI EN 301 908-1: Electromagnetic Compatibility and RadioSpectrum


Matters (ERM); Base Stations (BS) and User equipment (UE) for IMT2000 third-generation cellular networks - Part 1: Harmonized standard for
IMT-2000, introduction and common requirements, covering essential
requirements of article 3.2 of the R&D Directive.

ETSI EN 301 908-3: Electromagnetic Compatibility and Radio Spectrum


Matters (ERM); Base Stations (BS) and User equipment (UE) for IMT2000 third-generation cellular networks - Part 3: Harmonized standard for
IMT-2000 CDMA Direct Spread (UTRA FDD) (BS) covering essential
requirements of article 3.2 of the R&D Directive.

3GPP TS 25.141:3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical


Specification Group Radio Access Networks; Base station conformance
testing (FDD)

FCC Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 47, Part 22 "Public Mobile


Services"

FCC Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 47, Part 24 "Personal


Communication Services"

FCC Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 47, Part 2 "Frequency


Allocations and Radio Treaty Matters; General Rules and Regulations"

FCC Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 47, Part 27 "Advanced Wireless


Services"

Safety

DN7037979
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IEC 60950-1/ EN 60950-1: Safety of Information Technology equipment


including electrical business equipment.

EN 50383: Basic standard for the calculation and measurement of the


electromagnetic field strength and SAR related to human exposure from
radio base stations and fixed terminal stations for wireless
telecommunications system (110 MHz - 40 GHz)

# Nokia Corporation

25 (54)

Requirements for Installation and Operation

26 (54)

EN 50384: Product standard to demonstrate the compliance of radio base


stations and fixed terminal stations for wireless telecommunications
systems with the basic restrictions or the reference levels related to human
exposure to radio frequency electromagnetic fields (110 MHz - 40 GHz) Occupational

EN 50385: Product standard to demonstrate the compliances of radio base


stations and fixed terminal stations for wireless telecommunications
systems with the basic restrictions or the reference levels related to human
exposure to radio frequency electromagnetic fields (110 MHz - 40 GHz) General public

UL 60950-1: "Safety of Information Technology Equipment"

# Nokia Corporation

DN7037979
Issue 2-0 en draft

Site requirements

Site requirements

4.1

Planning and preparing the site


Purpose

Before installing the BTS, the site must be properly surveyed and prepared, and
all required external connections must be correctly installed. Any special
requirements for installation must also be identified during the survey.

Steps

4.2

1.

Check that the BTS can be installed safely:


.
The site is accessible, adequately lit and safe for working.
.
Safety distance calculations are made and taken into account. See
Section Safety distance requirements (compliance boundaries).
.
Site is prepared according to drawings.
.
Site survey is complete.
.
Site Survey Report is available.
.
Site is clean.
.
Product delivery is complete.
.
All wiring is done in accordance with national electric code.
.
Needed equipment is available as defined in the Site Survey Report.
.
Sufficient service clearances are available.

2.

Verify that the following external cabinet connections are available:


.
Grounding busbar,
.
Mains power (AC or DC, depending on the site),
.
Transmission connection point.

Site requirements
Ensure that the following BTS site requirements are met:

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Requirements for Installation and Operation

4.2.1

1.

All required documentation is available, for example, site-specific


installation instructions.

2.

When radio link transmission is used, the line-of-sight to the far end radios
has been ensured.

3.

External connections for the cabinet are available: site grounding point,
mains power (AC or DC according to the site), and transmission
connection point. Also AC or DC distribution panel and AC electric are
available for power tools.

4.

Main grounding (earthing) is installed and tested.

5.

Floor or wall surface is even (installation base flatness requirement is 2


mm (0.08 in.).

6.

Wall or pole at the BTS site is strong enough to withstand the weight of the
BTS.

7.

Wall or pole at the BTS site is strong enough to meet earthquake


requirement Bellcore GR-63 core Zone 4.

8.

Pole at the BTS site is strong enough to withstand the wind load.

9.

The BTS is not taken out of its delivery package until the site construction
work is finished and the site is clean and dry.

10.

Site security is established so the BTS and other units can remain
undisturbed at the site.

11.

Make sure you can take the BTS to the installation site. For example, in
roof top installations, the hole through which you take the BTS to the roof
must be large enough.

Indoor site requirements


If installing the BTS to an indoor site, ensure that the following indoor BTS site
requirements are met:

28 (54)

Door and lock to site room are properly installed and operational
(recommended).

Access to the site is secure.

Site is adequately lit.

Feeder entry hole and cable rack for feeder and power cables are ready, if
needed.

Heater, or air conditioner, is installed and operational, if needed. This


depends on the heat emission and the environment.

# Nokia Corporation

DN7037979
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Site requirements

4.3

Feederless site requirements


The feederless site requirements are described in the following tables.

Table 13.

Flexi Power AC/DC sub-module for RF Module Single (FPAB)

Property

FPAB AC sub-module for RF


Module Single

Nominal AC voltage [V]

100240 (1-phase)

Optional Permitted AC operating voltage


90 276 VAC @ 400 W DC output
and frequency fluctuation (external supply
Max. 315 +/-5 VAC overvoltage up to 3
range) [V] [Hz]
minutes
45 66 Hz
Output

-56 VDC
400 W

Weight

< 2.6 kg

Protection class

IP 67

Operating temperature

-35 +55 C (without solar load)

Installation

Inside Flexi RF Module Single

Note
If 3rd party DC power supply is in use, the voltage in RF Module input port has
to be min. 40.5 VDC.

Table 14.

DN7037979
Issue 2-0 en draft

Nokia requirements for a shielded, locally sourced DC cable

Property

DC cable requirements

Resistance

< 1ohm / km

Inductance

< 0,3 mH / km

Length

Max. 100 meters between DC supply


and Nokia Flexi RF Module (Single)

Diameter

Min. x 16 mm2 twisted

Shielding

Min. 16 mm2

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29 (54)

Requirements for Installation and Operation

Table 15.

Requirements for optical interface

Property

Optical interface

Nokia IP55 cable length

50 or 100 meters
Two cables can be connected to 150 or
200 meters.

LC duplex optical connector

ANSI TIA/EIA604-10 (FOCIOUS10)

Conventional OM2 duplex multimode


fibre, connection to SFP module

(ISO-11801), ITU G.651


OFL BW 500 MHz*km
50/125 um (core/cladding diameter)

4.4

Allowed attenuation

Approx. 0.75 dB/ connection

Operating temperature

-40 +85C

Installation temperature

-20 +50C

Minimum bend radius

70 mm

Max. crush resistance

750 N/cm

Max. tensile load

500 N

Weather protection

Min. IP55 with Nokia cable connector

Pole installation requirements


The optional pole mounting kit enables Nokia Flexi WCDMA BTS installation
on a pole 60-300 mm in diameter. Up to four modules can be fitted in one pole
mounting kit.

Note
Only two modules can be installed per plinth.

When installing modules on a pole, make sure that the pole at the BTS site is
strong enough to withstand the weight of the BTS, to meet earthquake
requirement Bellcore GR-63 core Zone 4, and the wind load requirement.

30 (54)

# Nokia Corporation

DN7037979
Issue 2-0 en draft

Site requirements

DN7083024

Figure 6.

Wind load calculations, side view

When the wind area is as in the Wind load calculations, side view figure, the area
used for wind load calculations is 0.33 m2.

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Requirements for Installation and Operation

DN7083036

Figure 7.

Wind load calculations, front view

When the wind area is as in the Wind load calculations, front view figure, the area
for wind load calculations depends on the number of installed modules. See the
table below for more information.

Table 16.

4.5

The area for wind load calculations

Number of modules

Area

0.12 m2

0.18 m2

0.30 m2

0.36 m2

Wall installation requirements


The optional mounting kit for floor, wall and pole (FMFA) enables Nokia Flexi
WCDMA BTS installation on a wall.

32 (54)

# Nokia Corporation

DN7037979
Issue 2-0 en draft

Site requirements

The following requirements must be filled when modules are installed on the
wall:

DN7037979
Issue 2-0 en draft

Qualified personnel must inspect the installation wall before mounting the
BTS.

It must be ensured that the installation wall is strong enough to bear the
weight of the BTS in any condition.

The wall must meet earthquake requirement Bellcore GR-63 Core.

The module fixing screws (4 pcs) and module casing must be tightened to
5 Nm to meet the earthquake requirement Bellcore GR-63 Cor, Vibrational
requirements for earthquake Zone 4.

The maximum number of modules per plinth is two.

For full configuration, three plinths must be used.

Modules must be installed in horizontal alignment, cabling direction up


and down.

Module bottoms must be installed facing the wall.

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33 (54)

Requirements for Installation and Operation

min 100 mm
(3.9 in.)

DN7037094

Figure 8.

4.6

Installation example: modules on the wall

Module clearances
The minimum clearances around the modules are presented in the following table
and figure.

34 (54)

# Nokia Corporation

DN7037979
Issue 2-0 en draft

Site requirements

Table 17.

Required minimum clearances

Property

Value

Front space

600 mm (23.6 in. front maintenance


space)

Back space

50 mm (2.0 in. intake air space)


200 mm (7.9 in. to remove back cover
and change fan)

Top space

30 mm (1.2 in.)

Space on both sides

75 mm (3.0 in. with front covers)

Space on both sides (if two base stations


are installed side by side on floor or wall)

100 mm (3.9 in.)

min 40 mm
(1.6 in.) no back access

min 75 mm
(3.0 in.)
min 600 mm
( 23.6 in.)

Figure 9.

DN7038151

Minimum clearances around the stand-alone base station

Tip
Fans can also be changed without minimum clearances, with no back access, but
this requires removing the unit from the casing or the cabinet.

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35 (54)

Requirements for Installation and Operation

4.7

FCIA clearances and anchoring holes


See the following table and figures for required clearances around Nokia Flexi
Cabinet for Indoor (FCIA).

Table 18.

Cabinet clearances

Property

Required clearance

Front of the cabinet

900 mm (35.4 in.)

Behind the cabinet

50 mm (2 in.)

Behind the cabinet (with maintenance


space in the back)

500 mm (19.7 in.)

Space on the door hinges side of the


cabinet

50 mm (2.0 in.)

Door swing radius

600 mm (23.6 in.)

Above the cabinet

300 mm (11.8 in.)

A 50 mm backstop is included in the cabinet delivery. The clearance behind the


cabinet is measured from the back wall of the cabinet.

36 (54)

# Nokia Corporation

DN7037979
Issue 2-0 en draft

Site requirements

Top view

300mm (11.8 in)

600 mm
(23.6 in)
50 mm
(2.0 in)

Front

570 mm
(22.4 in)
Maintenance
space
500 mm
(19.7 in)

Door
swing radius
600 mm (23.6 in)

900 mm
(35.4 in)

DN7083227

Figure 10.

DN7037979
Issue 2-0 en draft

Clearances around the indoor cabinet

# Nokia Corporation

37 (54)

Requirements for Installation and Operation

71.5 mm
(2.8 in)

457 mm
(18.0 in)

71.5 mm
(2.8 in)

Back stop
Facility wall
179 mm
(7.0 in)
X

300 mm
(11.8 in)

570 mm 620 mm
(22.4 in) (24.4 in)
X

Front
600 mm
(23.6 in)
X - Location of earthquake anchor holes
DN7083242

Figure 11.

38 (54)

FCIA fixing points, minimum clearances

# Nokia Corporation

DN7037979
Issue 2-0 en draft

Site requirements

71.5 mm
(2.8 in)

457 mm
(18.0 in)

71.5 mm
(2.8 in)

Facility wall

Back stop

629 mm
(24.8 in)
X

300 mm
(11.8 in)

570 mm 1070 mm
(22.4 in) (42.1 in)
X

Front
600 mm
(23.6 in)
X - Location of earthquake anchor holes
DN7086669

Figure 12.

FCIA fixing points with maintenance space in the back

Anchoring holes

The cabinet is anchored to the ground using four M10 or M12 bolts.

4.8

FCOA clearances and anchoring holes


See the following table and figure for required clearances around Flexi Cabinet
for Outdoor (FCOA).

DN7037979
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39 (54)

Requirements for Installation and Operation

Table 19.

40 (54)

Cabinet clearances

Property

Required clearance

Front of the cabinet

800 mm (31.5 in.)

Behind the cabinet (one cabinet installed)

0 mm/in.

Behind the cabinet (several cabinet


installed in a row)

100 mm (4 in.)

Behind the cabinet (with back access)

500 mm (19.7 in.)

Behind the cabinet (with air filter and


cables routed via back)

1000 mm (39.3 in.)

Behind the cabinet (with air filter and


cables routed via side or via bottom)

450 mm (17.7 in.)

Door opening direction

50 mm (2 in.)

Door opening with wind breaker

80 mm (3.2 in.)

Above the cabinet

500 mm (19.7 in.)

# Nokia Corporation

DN7037979
Issue 2-0 en draft

Site requirements

Bottom view
770mm (30.3 in)

75 mm (3.0 in)

575 mm (22.6 in)

770mm (30.3 in)

620 mm (24.4 in)

Front side

Top view

Isometric view
500mm (19.7 in)

Front

500 mm
(19.7 in)
with
maintenance
space

800 mm
(31.5 in)

50 mm (2.0 in)
80 mm
(if windbreaker
is installed)
DN7067652

Figure 13.

DN7037979
Issue 2-0 en draft

Cabinet clearances and anchoring holes

# Nokia Corporation

41 (54)

Requirements for Installation and Operation

Anchoring holes

The cabinet is anchored to the ground using four M12 bolts. Additional four holes
are available for backup purposes, in case the actual holes cannot be used for
some reason.

42 (54)

# Nokia Corporation

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Issue 2-0 en draft

Power requirements

Power requirements

5.1

Grounding requirements
Grounding is required to ensure personnel safety and to avoid electrostatic
discharge which can damage the equipment.
To protect the BTS from damaging overvoltages through antenna equipment,
communication cables, or power supply lines, grounding cabling must be planned
and installed before the installation of the base station. To avoid interference, it is
recommended that large grounding systems are designed case-specifically.
A power plug with a protective ground connection is not sufficient for Nokia
Flexi WCDMA BTS. Grounding must have a fixed, non-removable connection.

Note
Follow local requirements for earthing (grounding). The principles and
requirements vary in different countries.

Observe the following recommendations when planning the BTS grounding:

DN7037979
Issue 2-0 en draft

The grounding cable is connected with screws to the BTS grounding point.

The minimum cross-section of the copper (Cu) grounding conductor is


following:
.
Grounding cable cross-section has to be more than any of AC or DC
power feeding cable cross-section.
.
When 220-240 VAC is used, power cables shall be 1.5 - 2.5 mm2
(15...13 AWG) and grounding cable 2.5 mm2 (13 AWG).
.
When 100-110 VAC is used, power cables shall be 1.5 - 2.5 mm2
(15...13 AWG) and grounding cable 4 mm2 (11 AWG).
.
When 48 VDC is used, power cables shall be 6 - 10 mm2 (9...7
AWG) and grounding cable 6 mm2 (9 AWG).

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Requirements for Installation and Operation

5.2

The earthing (grounding) resistance target of the BTS site is =10 . If it is


not possible to reach this target due to difficult conditions, for instance in
areas such as solid rocks or dry desert, the earthing (grounding) resistance
can be max. 150 .

The ground cable must be connected to a main grounding busbar.

Route the ground cables as directly as possible from the equipment to the
grounding point. Avoid unnecessary loops and sharp bending of the
grounding cable. The ground cables should not be run parallel with power
cables.

The external antenna feeders must also be grounded according to the local
legislation if the antennas are exposed to lightning.

Mains power requirements


Warning
Danger of lethal voltages! Make sure that the mains power breaker is off,
and that the cabinet is properly earthed (grounded), before removing any
connections from the cabinet.

Ensure that the site has a main switch for disconnecting the site power. The
disconnecting device shall disconnect both input supply poles simultaneously.
The cross-sectional area of the Main Earthing Conductor (PE) shall not be less
than live and neutral conductors nor less than 6 mm2. The impedance of the earth
connection shall be as low as possible.

Table 20.

Permitted operating voltage

Property

Nominal operating voltage

Permitted operating voltage

DC voltage

48 VDC

40.5 to 57 VDC

AC voltage with
optional AC
Module

200 - 240 VAC

184 to 276 VAC (45 - 66 Hz)

DC voltage with
optional DC
Module

24 VDC

18 to 32 VDC

44 (54)

# Nokia Corporation

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Power requirements

5.3

BTS power consumption and battery backup times


See the following table for power consumption of Flexi Modules and BBU times
with FPMA.
Estimated power consumption [W] Estimated typical BBU time
at 48 VDC input in 23 C
(23C) for one module with
typical 50 % load and new
fresh battery

Flexi WCDMA
Module

Typical 10 % Typical 50 % Typical 100 FPMA


load
load
% load
+FPAA + 1
FPBA

FPMA
+FPAA+ 2
FPBAs

FPMA
+FPAA+ 3
FPBAs

System Module
FSM

60

90

120

80 min.

160 min.

240 min.

RF Module
Single

123

152

183

65 min.

130 min.

195 min.

151

200

255

50 min.

100 min.

150 min.

20 W mode
(FRGD, FRxB)
RF Module
Single
40 W mode
(FRGD,FRxB)

See the following table for Nokia Flexi WCDMA BTS power consumption
values at 48 VDC input in 23C.

Table 21.

Tentative typical and maximum power consumptions for Nokia Flexi


WCDMA BTS configurations

Configuration Estimated typical power consumption [W]


at 48 VDC input with

Estimated typical BBU time (23C) with


typical 50 % RF load and new batteries
Separate battery with MIBBU

10 % RF
load

50 % RF
load

100 % RF
load

92 Ah

62 Ah

1 carrier
omni (min.
20 W)

190

250

300

16 h

11 h

1+1+1 (min.
20 W)

400

FPMA &
FPBA with
FPAA
up to 120
(3 FPBAs)
up to 40 (1
FBPA)

510

630

7 h 30 min

5h

up to 59 (3
FPBAs)
up to 20 (1
FBPA)

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# Nokia Corporation

45 (54)

Requirements for Installation and Operation

Table 21.

1+1+1 (min.
40 W)

490

Tentative typical and maximum power consumptions for Nokia Flexi


WCDMA BTS configurations (cont.)

660

850

5 h 30 min

4h

up to 46 (3
FPBAs)
up to 15 (1
FBPA)

2+2+2 (min.
20 W)

490

660

850

5 h 30 min

4h

up to 46 (3
FPBAs)
up to 15 (1
FBPA)

860

1180

1530

3 h 15 min

2 h 15 min

up to 17 (2
FPAAs + 2
FPBAs)

860

1180

1530

3 h 15 min

2 h 15 min

up to 17 (2
FPAAs + 2
FPBAs)

Flexi Outdoor 60 (clean)


cabinet Filter
(FCFA) fan

100

180 (dirty)

N/A

N/A

N/A

Flexi Outdoor 34 at 23C


cabinet Site
Support
(FCSA) HEX
fans

94 at 55C

N/A

N/A

N/A

2+2+2 (min.
40 W per
carrier)
(3 x FRGC/
FRxA)
4+4+4 (min.
20 W per
carrier)
(3 x FRGC/
FRxA)

Basic typical conditions:

46 (54)

E1 transport used

room temperature 23C

80 CE HW
.
for 240 CEs HW, add 30 W
.
for 480 CEs HW, add additional 100 W

no MHA power feeding included

no antenna tilting power feeding included

# Nokia Corporation

DN7037979
Issue 2-0 en draft

Power requirements

Flexi BTS site maximum power consumption consists of 2x30 W power feed to
MHA + antenna tilt. Up to 50 W/ 100 W (single/dual) higher power consumption
can exist in extreme conditions and in BTS output power overdrive situations. In
possible short circuit cases (for instance, antenna line), power consumption can
momentarily be higher.

Note
Values are given for 2.1 GHz RF module. For other RF Module variants, there is
max. +10 % power consumption increase.

The values do not include optional cabinet (FCOA) and optional site support
(FCSA) power consumption. For microwave transmission sub-module case
(FTFA), add max. 50 W.
The estimated maximum heat load can be assumed to be the same as the power
consumption values.

5.4

Overvoltage protection requirements


The requirements for overvoltage protection are described in the tables below.
.

Supply voltage Nominal 48 V DC according ETSI 300 -132

Protection level Up (Line Line) < 500 V (at In, 8 / 20 us)

Protection level Up (Line Ground) < 1000 V (at In, 8 / 20 us)

Table 22.

Nokia requirements for overvoltage protection (common mode)


OVP Class II (C/T2) requirements for common
mode

Voltage protection level, Up

<0.5 kV

Nominal discharge current, In

15 kA

Max. discharge current, Imax

40 kA

Response time, tA

<25 ns

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Requirements for Installation and Operation

Table 23.

Nokia requirements for overvoltage protection (differential mode)


OVP Class II (C/T2) requirements for
differential mode

Voltage protection level, Up

<1 kV

Nominal discharge current, In

20 kA

Max. discharge current, Imax

40 kA

Response time, tA

<100 ns

48 (54)

# Nokia Corporation

DN7037979
Issue 2-0 en draft

Dimensions and weights

Dimensions and weights

6.1

Module dimensions and weight


The table below presents the dimensions and weights of Nokia Flexi WCDMA
BTS modules.

Table 24.
Property

System
Module FSM

Height

133 mm/3U

Dimensions and weights of Nokia Flexi WCDMA BTS


Dual RF
Module

Single RF
Module

Power Module FPMA

20.1 kg

FPMA 11 kg (empty rack)

1 U = 44.46 mm
Width

447 mm (with casing)

Depth

422 mm (without covers)


560 mm (with covers)

Weight (max)

max. 18 kg
(without
transmission
sub-module)

23.2 kg

FPAA 3.2 kg
FPBA 3.8 kg

Transmission
sub-module:
max. 4 kg

DN7037979
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# Nokia Corporation

49 (54)

Requirements for Installation and Operation

447 mm (17.6 in.)

133 mm
(5.2 in.)

422 mm
(16.6 in.)

DN7038148

Figure 14.

50 (54)

Module dimensions without covers

# Nokia Corporation

DN7037979
Issue 2-0 en draft

Dimensions and weights

133 mm
(5.2 in.)

560 mm
(22.0 in.)

490 mm (19.3 in.)

DN7039353

Figure 15.

6.2

Module dimensions with covers

FCIA dimensions and weight


See the following table for the dimensions and weight of the Flexi Cabinet for
Indoor (FCIA).

Table 25.

Dimensions and weight of Flexi Cabinet for Indoor (FCIA).

Property

Value

Height

1800 mm
(70.87 in.)

Width

600 mm
(23.62 in.)

Depth

600 mm
(23.62 in.)

DN7037979
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# Nokia Corporation

51 (54)

Requirements for Installation and Operation

Table 25.

6.3

Dimensions and weight of Flexi Cabinet for Indoor (FCIA). (cont.)

Property

Value

Weight

62 kg

(empty cabinet)

(136 lbs.)

FCOA dimensions and weight


See the following table for the dimensions and weight of the Flexi Cabinet for
Outdoor (FCOA).

Table 26.

Dimensions and weight of the Flexi Cabinet for Outdoor (FCOA)

Property

Value

Height

1550 mm
(61 in.)

Width

770 mm
(30.3 in.)

Depth

770 mm
(30.3 in.)

Depth with air filter

930 mm
(36.6 in.)

Depth with air filter and wind breaker

1020 mm
(40.2 in.)

52 (54)

Weight

Max. 80 kg

(empty cabinet)

(177 lbs)

Weight

104 kg

(with air filter)

(230 lbs)

Weight

110 kg

(with air filter and wind breaker)

(243 lbs)

Total weight

365 kg

(Fully equipped with batteries)

(807 lbs)

Free space for modules

40 U

# Nokia Corporation

DN7037979
Issue 2-0 en draft

3rd party cabinet requirements

3rd party cabinet requirements


Basic requirements for a 3rd party cabinet

The basic requirements for a 3rd party cabinet are the following:
.

19-inch rack with site trays

Minimum depth 600 mm (23.6 in.)

Rear air intake

Front exhaust

Proper cable routing

DC power to the BTS

The operating temperature in the cabinet must be -33...+55C (-27F...


+131F)

Requirements for Flexi BTS module level cooling in a 3rd party cabinet

A Flexi BTS module shall be installed in the cabinet without the rear side and
front side plastic covers. The air volume flow requirement for one Flexi BTS
module is 140 m3/h. The pressure drop caused by the rear side wall and front door
(wall) for one module fan can at the maximum be 25 Pa (including the combined
pressure drop for both walls) with an air volume flow of 140 m3/h. Flexi BTS
modules cooling fans minimum distance to any obstacle in the rear side of the
cabinet is 40 mm (1.6 in.). The BTS power consumption must be taken into
consideration when planning site cooling.

DN7037979
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# Nokia Corporation

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Requirements for Installation and Operation

Cabinet front

Cabinet rear side

Air circulation from front side


to rear side must be prevented
Air
intake
Flexi BTS module

Free area for module cooling fan.


Minimum free distance to module
cooling fan 40 mm.

The recommended distance from the rear or front


side of the cabinet to any obstacle 100 mm.

DN70117692

Figure 16.

Module level cooling in a 3rd party cabinet

The entire cabinet volume flow is dependent on the number of modules used (for
example, if three modules are used, the entire cabinet volume flow is 420 m 3/h
(3*140 m3/h) and the pressure drop caused by the front and rear door maximum
25 Pa). All modules must receive cool ambient air, and the circulation from the
front of the module to the rear side of the module must be prevented. There must
be a long enough distance to the wall (or any other obstacle) in the rear side of the
cabinet, so that the required airflow rate (140 m3/h) is reached in all modules
used.
It is recommended that the module cables be routed so that they do not prevent
the air outflow from the BTS.

54 (54)

# Nokia Corporation

DN7037979
Issue 2-0 en draft