# DASWANI CLASSES

PHYSICS

1.

(a)

A block of mass 5 kg is placed on horizontal surface. A pushing force 20N acting on the block as shown
in figure. Coefficient of friction between block and surface is 0.2. Calculate frictional force acting on the

om

block and speed of block after 15 second. (g = 10 ms–2)
20
N
o

45

5

20N

(g = 10

15

ce

0.2
2

/

)

ra

20
N
o

45

m

In van-der Wall's gas equation P

B

a
[V
V2

xa

(b)

a
[V
V2

.e

P

o

20cos45

.c

B

b]

b]

RT , what are dimensions of van-der Wall's constant "a" ?

RT ,

a

N

o

w
w

20sin45

Sol. (a)

o

20cos45

45o

20

w

20 cos 45° =

20
2

20sin45o
5g

f

10 2

14.1 and 20 sin 45° =

20

10 2

2

14.1

Normal reaction on the block N = 5g + 20 cos 45° = 50 + 14.1 = 64.1 newton
Frictional force on block is fL = N = 0.2 [5g + 20 sin 45°] = [50 + 14.1] = 12.8 newton

Acceleration of block a

20 cos 45
5

f

14.1 12.8
5

1.3
5

0.26 = 0.3 ms–2

after 15 sec speed of block v = u + at = 0.26 × 15 = 3.9 ms–1.
(b)

a
V2

[P]

[a] = [P] [V2] = ML–1T–2 × L6 = M1 L5 T–2

Head Office : 638, C.A.D. Circle, Kota. Ph. : 2501876

AIPMT–2008

[1]

( A 20 ra A Sol. (a) If three vector A .8 × 20 – Head Office : 638.. If both reach at final position simultaneously..A. then determine the length of path travelled by them. Calculate the work done by the push of the air on the body ? Using work energy theorem 4(4) Wgravity – Wair = KE = 10 × 9. B and C are such that A C and their magnitudes are in ratio 5 : 4 : 3 respectively B then find angle between vectors A and C . : 2501876 r W air = mgh – 1 mv 2 2 1 × 10 × (10)2 = 1960 – 500 = 1460 J 2 AIPMT–2008 [2] .e (b) [Let angle between A and C = xa A2 cos 10 B2 m (A – C) . A .D. A body of mass 10 kg is released from a 20 m heigh tower. Kota.. Circle..(ii) t2 2 t2 w w w For I particle : By equation (i) and (ii) 4t 2t 2t t2 2 0 t = 4 s 1 (1) (4)2 24m 2 Air resistance will oppose the motion and let work done by air resistance = Wair Work done by gravity = Wgravity = mgh Subsituting value of t in equation (i) s (c) / Both particles reach at same position in same time t after travelling same distances . (a) ce body acquires a velocity of 10 ms–1.C A 2 + C 2 – 2AC cos = B 2 C2 B2 2AC (5) 2 By using s ut (3) 2 (4) 2 2(5)(3) 3 5 ] 53 1 2 at 2 s 4(t) 1 (1) t 2 2 4t t2 2 . C.B C2 2 A .c 1 om are 1 ms –2 and 2 ms–2 respectively. Ph.(i) For II particle : s 2(t) 1 (2) t2 2 2t t2 .B A (b) C A B 5:4:3 C C Two particles start their motion from same point with initial velocities 4 ms–1 and 2 ms–1 and accelerations 4 2 (c) 2 2 2 .DASWANI CLASSES 2. after falling through the 20 m distance 10 20 B A –C C r C) B A2 B .

Calculate the work done to pull the hanging part of chain on the table. m A particle of mass m is connected from a light inextensible string of length such that it behave as a simple pendulum. when string makes an angle (ii) tension in the string when particle is at position B. Circle. Ph. (i) velocity of particle at position B. (a) A chain of mass m and and length L is placed on a table in such a way that its 1 th part is hanging n below the edge of table. calculate : from vertical.A.D. Now string is pulled om (b) 1 n L 2 1 to point A making an angle 1 with the vertical and it is released from A B the point A. Kota. ce .c 2 m 2 1 (ii) B A B 2 m B 2 Since chain is uniform so depth of center of mass of hanging part from the top of the table = xa Sol.DASWANI CLASSES 3.e Mass of hanging part = 1 L 2 n Work done = work done in bringing CM of hanging part on the table = mnanging g hCM m L g n 2n w w = (i) w (b) (ii) h = (cos 2 mgL 2n2 – cos 1) cos at point A and B mechanical energy remain conserved cos 1 2 2 1 T 1 mv 2 2 mgh v 2gh 2g (cos 2 cos 1 ) Let tension in string at point B is T then for point B T mgcos m 2 [2g (cos Head Office : 638. : 2501876 2 cos 1 )] h 2 mg T mg(3 cos mgcos 2 AIPMT–2008 mgcos 2 mv 2 2 2cos 1 ) [3] . when string makes an angle 2 from vertical. (a) (i) 1 ra A m L L n m n L 2n L n CM . C.

where a0 is the initial amplitude. . Kota.02 /°C a = a0e –bt for damped oscillations amplitude w (b) 2 m at Dentsity ratio dentsity of liquid a 70° C = ra Sol.DASWANI CLASSES 4. (a) The weight of a sphere in air is 50g and its weitght in a liquid at temperature 20°C is 40 g. the amplitude after 50 oscillations is 0.e M V1 and w w 1 but 10 5 1 r V 1g = 10 r V 2g = 5 2 1 xa 1 2 (ii) 2 M V2 r 2 r = 2 so 2 = 1+ = 1 2 M V1 1 r 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 = 70 20 1 50 /°C = 0.D.c (b) Determine amplitude after 150 oscillations. (a) a0 ce 50 Let time period of oscillations = T for 50 oscillations. 0. 50 20°C 40 70°C om 45 (i) (ii) In damped oscillations. then find the : (i) ratio of densities of liquid at given two temperature (ii) coefficient of cubical expansion of liquid assuming that there is no expansion of the volume of sphere. : 2501876 50T = a0e–3 × b50T = a0(e–b50T)3 = a0 4 5 AIPMT–2008 3 64 a0 125 [4] . time taken = 50 T 0. Ph.8 a0. Circle. When temperature of liquid incerases to 70°C it weight becomes 45g.8a0 = a0e–b50 t r e–50bT = 4 5 after 150 oscillations amplitude a = a0e–b Head Office : 638. C.8 a0 150 (i) Let dentsity of liquid at 20°C = and 1 W apparent =W air– V g 20°C : 40 = 50 – V 1g at 70°C : 45 = 50 – V 2g .A.

: 2501876 AIPMT–2008 [5] .76 J Light is coming from P to O w (b) u = OP = – 2OQ and for refraction at curved surface r 1.693 (500 – 300) = 2300. ( n 2 = 0. If a particle is placed at point P. During process ab and cd temperatures are 500K and 300K respectively. PQ OP m OP = 2OQ Q R Net heat absorbed by the gas Qabcda = Qab + Qbc+ Qcd+ Qda w w Qbc = Qda V0 + RT2 In 2V 0 2V0 V0 Qabcda = Qab+ Qcd = RT1 In = R (T1 – T) ln2 = 2 × 8.5 P =1. (a) Two moles of an ideal gas is taken in a cyclic process abcda.A. Calculate heat absorbed by the system.5 OQ 1 2OQ 1.D.5 R r v = OQ 2 1 v u 2 OQ 2 1 R 1 2R OQ 1.3 × 0.5 and radius of curved part is R.e Sol. Refractive index of glass is 1.c lies inside the glass rode.3 J/mole-K) b c 300K V0 volume ( cd om 500K ab 2V0 ) A glass rode having a curved surface at one face as shown in figure below and its centre of curvature . Kota. (a) Q O xa P O.5 OQ 0.5 1 R 4R OP = 2OQ = 2 × 4R = 8R Head Office : 638. C.69 & R = 8.5 OQ 0. Ph.DASWANI CLASSES 5. It forms the real image at point Q. The point O cuts PQ such that OP = 2 OQ ce then find out the value of OP.69 300K 500K a U Internal energy d (b) R = 8. ra 1.3 J/mole-K) abcda ( n 2 = 0.5 Processe ab is isothermal expansion Processe cd is isothermal compression Processe bc is isochoric compression Processe da is isochoric expansion . Circle.

Find the om (b) value of torque on p 2 due to p1 .DASWANI CLASSES 6.e V Q 2 R r 0 2 R2 w w Similarly we can take different small elements on the ring and since all these elements are at equal distance from point P. R +Q r Two short electric dipole have dipole moment p1 and p 2 are placed as shown in figure below. (a) m 0. So.A. p2 p2 (c) p2 ce p1 p1 . q Consider a small element of length R2 xa Sol. Find the magnetic moment of this triangular coil.2 A 5 Charge on this small element is q R +r2 dq= P Potential at point P due to this small element is 1 4 r q . Ph. Find potential at an axial point which is situated at distance r from the centre hence deduce the electric field at that point.D. V potential due to whole ring at point P is V = 1 4 0 q r 2 1 2 R 4 1 0 2 r 1 q 2 4 R Q 2 r 0 R2 w = From the symmetry of figure it is clear that direction of electric field at P is along O to P. Circle. Length of each side is 5 cm and current ra flowing through it is 0. Magnitude of electric field at P is E = dV dr Q 4 1 4 Head Office : 638. : 2501876 0 d dr Q 1 1 (R2 r 2 )2 =4 0 1 2 (R 2 3 r 2 ) 2 (2r) Qr 3 0 (R2 r2 )2 AIPMT–2008 [6] .c p1 x A conducting coil is bent in the form of equilateral triangle. C.2 A. (a) A ring of radius R is uniformaly charged by +Q. Kota.

A. Kota. (ii) net outward electric flux through curved surface.e 2a xa calculate : (i) net outward electric flux through each flat surface. Circle.D. Ph.2 Magnetic moment of loop M = IA (a) 2 5 10 3 2 2 5 3 10 4 A-m 2 4 A cylinder of length 2a cm and radius of cross section r cm is placed in such a way that its axis along x-axis and its centre is at origin. : 2501876 AIPMT–2008 [7] . C. E E E x ˆi N/C Ex ˆi N/C xx = +a x = –a y-axis E E x-axis O a a x > 0 x < 0 : (i) (ii) (iii) Head Office : 638. 1 5 10 2 om a y-axis E x-axis O a for x > 0 is E x ˆi N/C for x < 0 is E Ex ˆi N/C m E a ra If electric field : ce E r w w w . One face of cylinder is at x = +a cm and another face of cylinder is at x = –a cm. (iii) net charge enclosed inside the cylinder.c 7.2A area of triangle A = 1 2 × a × a sin 60° a= 5× (c) So 0.DASWANI CLASSES (b) Let intensity of electric field due to p1 at position of p2 = E1 Torque on p 2 due to p1 p2 E1 10 –2 m Since angle in between E1 and p2 is 180° 0 21 each arm of triangle = a I = 0. .

C.A ˆi = Ea ( r ) × 10 Nm /C m E.5 × 10–15 Ea r2) C Initial magnetic flux passing through coil is i = N BA Final magnetic flux passing through coil is f = 0 w (b) 0 Change in flux = f – i = 0 – N BA= – N BA Total charge flowon through coil q Head Office : 638. : 2501876 R NBA R 500 0. A area of cross section A = r2 ce A = –A ^i (i) x-axis ^ A=A i O ra Sol. Circle.c curved surface om 25 Q w w 0 charged enclosed in cylinder is Q = = 8. Coil is connected to a galvanometer in series having a resistance of 25 .85 × 10–12 × 2Ea × ( r2) × 10–4 = (5. The coil is rotated through 90° about its diameter with a particular angular velocity in 0. Ph.A For curved surface E and A are perpendicualr so =0 .04 m2 is placed in a region of transverse magnetic induction of 0.25 Wb/m2. 500 0.04 2 0.DASWANI CLASSES (b) A coil of 500 turns and area 0. (a) .1 sec. Kota.e (ii) 2 –4 2 Ea ˆi .2C [8] .25 0.1 90° y-axis flat surface 2 flat surface 1 E = –Ea^i E = Ea^i a a For flat surface 1 : For flat surface 2 : (iii) 2 –4 2 ( Ea ˆi).25 / 2 0.( A ˆi) = Ea ( r ) × 10 Nm /C xa E.04 25 AIPMT–2008 0.D. Calculate total charge flow through galvanometer.A.

m.8 × 10 Head Office : 638. value of voltage given in diagram.c.DASWANI CLASSES 8. (a) (me = 1.s.1 × 10–3 kg).c (c) t T If ratio of de-Broglie wave length of particle with respect to electron is 1. 1. C.8 3 10 4 1.8 × 10–4 ra 9. Find mass of the ce particle (m e = 9.1 × 10 –3 ) 2 1 2R 2 L 1 2 3. Kota.9 /s V 2 dt Root mean square value of voltage w (b) 2 100 25 10 3 T w w .D.A. L-C-R 25 mH 100 V V0 Find r. . : 2501876 –4 p e 9. Circle. source.1 10 = mp 31 ve 3ve r mp = AIPMT–2008 9. Ph.67 10 27 kg [9] .c. (a) An L-C-R series circuit having 220 V a.8 × 10–4.1 10 31 1. om (b) 220 T 4 A particle and an electron are moving such that the velocity of particle is three times that of electron.e frequency f 2R rad/s L r xa L = 2R r I XL = 2 I R m VL = 2 VR Sol.14 (c) V rms = = T 0 r = T T 4 V02 dt T V02 4 V0 2 0 h mv of particle = of electron = e 0 V02 dt 0 Let de-Broglie wavelength : me v e mp vp T/4 dt de-Broglie wavelength p 1273. source. inductance 25 mH and resistance 100 . If voltage across inductor is just double the voltage across resistor then find out frequency of a.

m ( 6C11) = 11.009305 u and ra me = 0.D.A. (a) . : 2501876 AIPMT–2008 [10] . (ii) (i) Work function.e me = 0. C. Ph.009305 u Sol.011434 – 11.DASWANI CLASSES 9.414 eV +Q Q-value of reaction = mc2 = [m( 6C11) – 6me – m( 5B11) + 5me – me]c2 = [m( 6C11) – m( 5B11) – 2me]c2 = [11.62 10 34 J s = 6.6 10 19 0.6 1. Kota. Circle. Calculate : (i) Plank's constant.5 MeV/c2 ) 0 1.5 MeV = 0.000548 u 2 1 u = 931.5 MeV/c 11 + m 6C Q- xa m ( 6C11) = 11.c (b) 5 (in 1×1014 Hz) .62 10 20 eV 1.62 × 10–20 J 0 = 11 1.962 MeV Head Office : 638. ce Also calculate the Q-value of reaction.656 10 4 6.009305 – 2 × 0.6 10 19 1.656 (in volt) V0 1 6C 11 undergoes a decay by emitting + .62 × 10–34 × 1 × 1014 = 6.011434 u Given the mass value of : m ( 5B11) = 11.001033] uc2 = 0.656 (5 1) 10 14 = h 5B 11 + 0 +1 + 33 6. (a) The graph between the stopping potential and frequency of the incident radiation is shown in figure.000548] uc2 = [0.000548 u (i) By Einstein's photo electric equation w w eV0 = h –h h r 6C 0 eV0 ( 0 Work function w (ii) (b) 1 u = 931. Write the complete equation for this nuclear reaction. (ii) om 1.011434 u m ( 5B11) = 11.001033 × 931.

3 V xa Hence the emitter-base junction and base-collector junction both are forward bias.5 V V CE = 5. Can this transistor circuit be used as an amplifier ? Your answer must be supported with proper explation.DASWANI CLASSES 10. current gain is 69.5V m VBE = 5. the base current is 10 A and the collector current is 5.2 mA.2 × 10–3 × 1 × 103 = 0.5 – IB RB = 5.1 = 6.5 – 5.D.5 – IC RC = 5. (a) For given transistor circuit.c VBE For a common emitter amplifier. . (a) ce (b) om 5. Ph.A. Circle.9 mA Head Office : 638. C.2 mA RC=1k VCE VCC .e Transistor can be used as an amplifier only if emitter-base junction is forward biased and base-collector junction is reverse biased. 69 7 mA ra Sol. For CE amplifier : w w (b) w Current gain = IC IB 69 r IC = 69 IB IE = IB + IC = 7 mA IE = IB + 69 IB r IB 7mA = 0. If the emitter current is 7 mA then calculate the base current and collector current. 10 A RB=500k 5. So this circuit can not be used as an amplifier. : 2501876 AIPMT–2008 [11] .1 mA 70 IC = 69 × 0. Kota.5 – 10 × 10–6 × 500 × 103 = 0.