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International Journal of Mathematics and

Computer Applications Research (IJMCAR)


ISSN(P): 2249-6955; ISSN(E): 2249-8060
Vol. 4, Issue 6, Dec 2014, 27-32
TJPRC Pvt. Ltd.

A REMARK ON SEMIGROUP PROPERTY IN FRACTIONAL CALCULUS


T. L. HOLAMBE1 & MOHAMMED MAZHAR-UL-HAQUE2
1

Principal & Research Guide, Department of Mathematics, Kai Shankarrao Gutte ACS College, Dharmapuri,
Beed, Maharashtra, India
2

Research Student, Dr. B. A. M. University, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India

ABSTRACT
This paper is devoted to study the most famous semigroup property of Fractional Calculus. In this paper, we will
study property for the generalized case.

KEYWORDS: Fractional Calculus, Fractional Integral, Reimann-Liouville Fractional Integral, Semigroup Property,
Gamma Function, Beta Function Keywords separate by Comma

INTRODUCTION
In Fractional Calculus and Fractional differential equations, the fractional derivatives are defined by fractional
integral [1, 2, 3, 4, and 5].
The extensively studied fractional integral is Reimann - Liouville fractional integral defined by [3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9,
and 10],

And

The Gamma and Beta function studied by Euler and Legendre are as follows [2, 3],
Gamma function is defined as,

And Beta function is defined as,

The generalized Gamma and Beta function was introduced by Diaz et al [11, 12, and 13] are as follows,
K-Gamma function is defined as,

And K-Beta function is defined as,


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T. L. Holambe & Mohammed Mazhar-Ul-Haque

And we have the relation

&
Definition: - The k-Riemann Liouville fractional integral of order,
and

where

be a well behaved function

, is given by [14],

This is the special case of [14],

Theorem: - let

and f be any well behaved function then

Proof: let by the definition,

Then

Now by changing the order of integration we have

Put
When

Impact Factor (JCC): 4.2949

so
&

Index Copernicus Value (ICV): 3.0

A Remark on Semigroup Property in Fractional Calculus

29

From the definition of k-Beta function we have,

Thus

By definition,

Thus
In the same pattern if we take,

Then

Now by changing the order of integration we have

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30

T. L. Holambe & Mohammed Mazhar-Ul-Haque

Put

so

When

&

From the definition of k-Beta function we have,

And

Thus

By definition,

Thus
So from both of these,

So,

Corollary: If

then the result will be

Impact Factor (JCC): 4.2949

Index Copernicus Value (ICV): 3.0

31

A Remark on Semigroup Property in Fractional Calculus

REFERENCES
1.

Kilbas, A. A, Srivastava, H. M, and Trujillo, J. J, Theory and Applications of Fractional Differential Equations,
Elsevier B. V, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2006.

2.

Miller, K. S. and Ross, B, An introduction to the fractional calculus and fractional differential equations, Wiley,
New York, 1993.

3.

Oldham, K. B. and Spanier, J, The fractional calculus, Academic Press, New York, 1974.

4.

Podlubny, I, Fractional Differential Equations, Academic Press, San Diego, California-U. S. A, 1999.

5.

Samko, S. G, Kilbas, A. A, and Marichev, O. I, Fractional Integrals and Derivatives. Theory and Applications,
Gordon and Breach, Yverdon et alibi, 1993

6.

Butzer, P. L, Kilbas, A. A, and Trujillo, J. J, Compositions of Hadamard-type fractional integration operators and
the semigroup property, Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications, 269, (2002), 387-400.

7.

Butzer, P. L, Kilbas, A. A, and Trujillo, J. J, Fractional calculus in the Mellin setting and Hadamard-type
fractional integrals, Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications, 269, (2002), 1-27.

8.

Butzer, P. L, Kilbas, A. A, and Trujillo, J. J, Mellin transform analysis and integration by parts for Hadamard-type
fractional integrals, Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications, 270, (2002), 1-15.

9.

Kilbas, A, Hadamard-type Fractional Calculus, Journal of Korean Mathematical Society, 38(6), (2001),
1191-1204.

10. Kilbas, A. A, and Trujillo, J. J, Hadamard-type integrals as G-transforms, Integral Transforms and Special
Functions, 14(5), (2003), 413-427.
11. R. Diaz and C. Teruel, q, k-Generalized gamma and beta functions, J. Nonlinear Math. Phys, 12(1) (2005),
118-134.
12. R. Diaz and E. Pariguan, on hypergeometric functions and Pochhammer k-symbol, Divulg, Mat, 15(2) (2007),
179-192.
13. R. Diaz; C. Ortiz and E. Pariguan, on the k-gamma q-distribution, Cent. Eur. J. Math, 8 (2010), 448-458.
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(2012), 89-94.
15. T.O. Salim and O. Faraj, A generalization of Mittag-Leffler function and Integral operator associated with the
Fractional calculus, Journal of Fractional Calculus and Applications, 3(5) (2012),1-13
16. T. Salim, Some properties relating to generalized Mittag-Leffler function, Adv. Appl. Math. Anal, 4(1)(2009),
21-30

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