You are on page 1of 3

AGRICULTURE AND LIVESTOCK

The Agriculture and livestock sector contribute significantly to Municipal economy. About
13% of the population is engaged in Agriculture and livestock production. It is estimated that
the sectors contribution to food requirement in the municipality is 30% while the remaining
is obtained from outside the municipality.
Agriculture is still a major economic activity especially in the peri urban area of the
Municipality. Out of the Municipals 656,000 hectares of land, 45,000ha are potential arable
land. However, only 28,000 ha are used for crop production.
Urban Agriculture is believed to be a socio- economic survival strategy for urban poor
residents, providing food and employment. Furthermore, it contributes to the livelihood
strategies of better off as well as making use of idle resources in the urban ecosystem
which would otherwise go to waste.
Due to the increase in population and the struggle for survival there have been changes in
land use that have led to crop production being squeezed out of the city area.
Urban Agriculture in Temeke Municipality encompasses, Formal cultivation and many more
things including fruit growing, container gardening, use of marginal areas such as road
reserves, basement of abandoned buildings, boxes, canals, vacant land in towns, aquaculture,
Urban horticulture (vegetables and fruit production) in urban and Peri urban areas,
Floriculture (i.e. production of flowers and ornamental plants such as shrubs and trees),
backyard and front yard gardening, rooftop gardening and bio degradable waste
recycling(compositing).
The main food crops cultivated in the municipality include paddy, cassava, sweet potatoes
and vegetables and fruits. The major cash crop is cashew nuts, water melon, okra and other
vegetables.
Livestock as an important component of agriculture contributes about 30-50 percent of milk
supply in the municipality. There are 4,144 dairy cattle, 5,706 indigenous cattle, 103 dairy
goats, 2,912 indigenous goats, 32,000 broiler chickens; 53,000 layers, over 78,000
indigenous chicken, 1,560 ducks, 572 rabbits and 3,015 pigs.
Regarding livestock production we can divide the Municipality into two regions; urban and
peri urban. In urban areas livestock are raised in bookshelf cages and well built sheds on
backyard of houses. In peri urban areas some farmers practice zero grazing (especially
farmers in projects like HPI and Heifer in Trust Scheme) and the
remaining part where large number of indigenous cattle are kept tradition grazing system is
used.
Constraints to livestock production:
Constraints to livestock production in Temeke municipality include poor infrastructure
especially in peri urban areas, animal disease control facilities, animal holding grounds,
marketing facilities, grazing land and unreliable rainfall. Specific priority constraints that are
identified to influence livestock production in the areas are:

Poor animal nutrition


Feeds available to the ruminant livestock are in short supply and whatever is available is of
very low quality.
Diseases:
Improved livestock production is hampered by poor health management practices and high
calf mortalities, with tick borne diseases being predominant livestock killer disease
especially in peri urban areas. Other disease includes repeated outbreaks of viral Foot and
Mouth disease, Lumpy Skin Disease and endoparasites.
Low genetic potential:
Most farmers especially in peri urban areas still keep traditional TSHZ which exhibit low
production.
Inadequate knowledge on livestock husbandry practice by farmers is another set back in
livestock production.
3.1.1 FARMERS RESOURCE CENTRES
Establishment of farmers resource centre has been a requirement and priority in
implementation of DADPS. Out of the 24 wards in the Municipality, thirteen centers have
been established. The wards in which the centers have been established are Chamazi,
Toangoma, Kibada, kisarawe II, Pembamnazi and Kimbiji. Others are Somangila,
Mjimwema, Vijibweni, Kigamboni, Yombovituka, Mbagala Kuu and Charambe. However,
efforts are being made to make sure that the remaining eleven wards get the resource centers
too.
We are planning to improve one resource centre at Somangila Gezaulole at this financial
year.
3.2

STAKEHOLDER AND PRIVATE AGRICULTURE SERVICE PROVIDERS

In Temeke Municipality, there are several partners who are involved in provision of various
agricultural services. They include private sector (agriculture input supply companies,
Groups, NGOs, processors, SACCOS etc) and church organizations:
The Agriculture input supply companies/shops providing different types of services includes:
TFA, WANGOSA, AGROVET, Kibugumo Farming Systems, Jampen Enterprises, Mji
Mwema Veterinary Centre etc. Those involved in processing of livestock products are Lake
Traders, Sak International and Afro Leather, while
SACCOS are Chekeni Mwasonga, MVIMWATE, Vumilia Ukooni SACCOS etc
Various groups taking part in agricultural activities in the municipality include: Hope
International, Nzasa women group, Moringe youth group etc.
Church organizations and NGOs involved in extension services delivery and farmers
empowerment are: Heifer Project International (HPI), CARITUS and TEATE

There are also farms involved in production of heifers and day old chicks e.g. Nguva farm,
Amadori, and Ideal chick, and markets for agriculture products e.g Temeke Sterio and
Tandika markets.

It is important to note that; private sector role in agriculture activities in the council is of
paramount importance. Thus, extension services in some words, especially remote ones will
be outsourced to private sector. Activities like disease control (vaccinations), input supply,
and farmers field schools will be carried out by private sector. The private sector who have
shown interest so far and their activities to be carried out in brackets are CARITAS (farmers
field schools at Kisarawe II ward), HPI (Heifer intrust and environment management at
Somangila ward), WANGOSA (input supply) and Jampem (rabies control)
Table I Private Sector and other stake holders in agriculture activities
S/no Name of stake holder
Location
Activities carried out
1

Tanzania
Associatio(TFA)

Farmers Changombe

Agriculture input supplies

WANGOSA

P/mnazi

Agriculture input supplies

Vumilia ukooni SACCOS

P/mnazi

Agriculture input supplies

MVIMWATE SACCOS

Chekenimwasonga SACCOS

P/mnazi

Agriculture input supplies

Kibugumo Farming Systems

Mjimwema

Extension services

AGROVET

Mjimwema

Clinical services, input supplies

Jampem Enterprises

Sandali

Veterinary services

Mjimwema Veterinary Centre Mjimwema

Veterinary services

METL

Mbagala

Cashewnut processing

10

Lake Traders

Changombe

Leather processing

11

Afro Leather

Mbagala

Leather processing

12

SAK International

Temeke

Leather processing

13

Hope international

Yombo
Vituka

Processing of various agriculture produces


such as sorghum, Cassava, Soy bean, fruits
& vegetables

14

Nzasa women group

Charambe

Processing of various agriculture produces


such as sorghum, Cassava, fruits &
vegetables

15

HPI

Somangila,
Kisarawe II

Extension services, Heifer and goat in trust


scheme, and environment management

16

CARITUS

Kisarawe II Extension
services,
and P/mnazi
livestock schemes

17

Nguva Farm

Kisarawe II

Heifer production and supply

18

Amadoli

P/mnazi

Production and supply of day old chicks

19

Ideal chicks

Changombe

Production and supply of day old chicks

20

TEATE( Temeke Agriculture Kimbiji


technical Women Group)

Training activities to vulnerable groups

21

Sayuni women group

Mbagala

Processing of fruits and vegetables

22

Liombo women Group

Kurasini

Processing of vegetable and fruits

23

Miracle group

Makangarawe Soy beans and moringa processing

24

Mwangaza youth group

Charambe

Cashew nut processing

agriculture

and