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January 16, 2014

Peter Fenger
Experiment 9.1
Polar Covalent vs. Purely Covalent Compounds
I. Purpose
The purpose of this experiment is to see the electrical changes that polar covalent compounds and
purely covalent compounds make. A covalent bond is a bond in which the electrons are shared equally
between the atoms involved. A polar bond on the other hand, is a covalent bond in which the electrons
are shared unequally between the atoms involved.
II. Hypothesis
If a molecule is polar covalent then, it is electrically charged.
III. Materials/Supplies

Water from the tap or sink
Vegetable Oil
Styrofoam or paper cup
A person willing to use their hair for the experiment

IV. Procedure
1. take the pen and punch a small hole into the bottom of the cup (the smaller the hole the better)
2. While holding your cup over the sink, pour some water into the cup from the glass. Make sure
the water is streaming out of the hole not just dripping.
3. When the water is pouring out of the cup in a steady stream, take the comb and vigorously
comb your hair
4. When you have combed your hair, bring the comb (bristles first) near the stream of water.
5. Repeat this experiment using vegetable oil instead of water observing what happens.
6. Clean up your mess.
V. Observation and Data
1. The first hole punch we did was good, we did not need to do another one.
2. The water streamed out in a good steady stream.
3. Someone in our class brought a metal comb and so it did not work with the first try because in
chemistry metal always messes things up. However when we used a plastic comb it finally
worked after combing someone's hair the water was finally reacting.
4. Bringing the comb near the water very close to the water but not actually touching it, caused the
water to move sideways some of the water coming closer to the comb in a bending motion other
parts of the water moving away from the comb.

VI. while the negative charge in the water moved away from the comb.January 16. while vegetable oil is purely covalent. Since water. So when we put the comb up close to the water the positive charge in the water was attracted to the comb. The hydrogen electrons have a slight electron deficit giving them a partial positive charge. but the vegetable oil not bend? The answer is that water is a polar covalent compound. Conclusion What made the oil stream bend. was proven in this experiment to have an electrical charge it proves that my hypothesis is correct. electrons are being shared between hydrogen atoms and the oxygen atom. 2014 Peter Fenger 5. When we repeated the experiment with oil nothing happened. This is what made the water bend: electrical attraction. . When our demonstrator combed his hair the comb became negatively charged. is a purely covalent compound so it is not electrically charged and that is why nothing happened we put the comb next to it. In a water molecule. The oxygen atom wins the tug of war for electrons so it develops a partial negative charge. The vegetable oil on the other hand. a polar covalent molecule.