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an admirable selection of Manchester goods, such as cotton sheeting, grey calico, cotton and also woolen blankets, white,
scarlet, and blue; Indian scarfs, red and yellow; handkerchiefs of gaudy colours, chintz printed; scarlet flannel shirts,
serge of colours (blue, red), linen trowsers, Tools of all sorts axes, small hatchets, harness bells, brass and copper rods,
combs, zinc mirrors, knives, crockery, tin plates, fish hooks musical boxes, coloured prints, finger rings, razors, tinned
spoons, cheap watches, All these things were purchased through Messrs. Silber Fleming, of Wood Street, Cheapside. I
thus had sufficient clothing for a considerable body of troops if necessary, while the magazines could produce anything
from a needle to a crowbar, or from a handkerchief to a boats sail. It will be seen hereafter that these careful
arrangements assured the success of the expedition, as the troops, when left without pay, could procure all they required
from the apparently inexhaustible stores of the magazines. In addition to the merchandise and general supplies, I had
several large musical boxes with bells and drums, an excellent magic lantern a magnetic battery, wheels of life, and an
assortment of toys. The greatest wonder to the natives were two large girandoles; also the silvered balls, about six inches
in diameter, that, suspended from the branch of a tree, reflected the scene beneath. In every expedition the principal
difficulty is the transport. Travel light, if possible, is the best advice for all countries; but in this instance it was simply
impossible, as the object of the expedition was not only to convey steamers to Central Africa, but to establish legitimate
trade in the place of the nefarious system of pillage hitherto adopted by the so called White Nile traders. It was therefore
absolutely necessary to possess a large stock of goods of all kinds, in addition to the machinery and steel sections of
steamers. I arranged that the expedition should start in three divisions. Six steamers, varying from to horse power, were
ordered to leave Cairo in June, together with fifteen sloops and fifteen diahbeeahs total, six vessels to ascend the
cataracts of the Nile to Khartoum, a distance by river of about miles. These vessels were to convey the whole of the
merchandise. Five vessels were ordered to be in readiness at Khartoum, together with three steamers. The governor general
(Djiaffer Pacha) was to provide these vessels by a certain date, together with the camels and horses necessary for the land
transport. Thus when the fleet should arrive at Khartoum from Cairo, the total force of vessels would be nine steamers
and fifty five sailing vessels, the latter averaging about fifty tons each. Mr. Higginbotham had the command of the
desert transport from Korosko to Khartoum, and to that admirable officer I intrusted the charge of the steamer sections
and machinery, together with the command of the English engineers and mechanics. I arranged to bring up the rear by
another route, via Souakim on the Red Sea, from which the desert journey to Before, on the Nile, lat. degrees minutes, is
statute miles. My reason for this division of routes was to insure a quick supply of camels, as much delay would have
been occasioned had the great mass of transport been conveyed by one road. The military arrangements comprised a force
of troops, including a corps of irregular cavalry, and two batteries of artillery. The infantry were two regiments,
supposed to be well selected. The black or Soudani regiment included many officers and men who had served for some
years in Mexico with the French army under Marshal Bazaine. The Egyptian regiment turned out of be for the most
convicted felons who had been transported for various crimes from Egypt to the Soudan. The artillery were rifled
mountain guns of bronze, the barrel weighing lbs and throwing shells of lbs. the authorities at Woolwich had kindly
supplied the expedition with Hales rockets three pounders and fifty snider rifles, together with rounds of snider
ammunition. The military force and supplies were to be massed in Khartoum ready to meet me upon my arrival. I had
taken extra precautions in the packing of ammunition and all perishable goods. The teak boxes for snider ammunition,
also the boxes of Hales rockets, were lined and hermetically sealed with soldered tin. The light Manchester goods and
smaller articles were packed in strong, useful, painted tin boxes, with locks and hinges, Each box was numbered,and
when the lid was opened, a tin plate was soldered over the open face, so that the lid, when closed, locked above an
hermetically sealed case. Each tin box was packed in a deal case, with a number to correspond with the box within. By
this arrangement the tin boxes arrived at their destination as good as new, and were quite invaluable for travelling, as
they each formed a handy load, and were alike proof against the attacks of insects and bad weather. I had long
waterproof cloaks for the night sentries in rainy climates, and sou wester caps; these proved of great service during active
operations in the wet season, as the rifles were kept dry beneath the cloaks, and the men were protected from wet and
cold when on guard. All medicines and drugs were procured from Apothecaries Hall, and were accordingly of the best
quality. The provisions for the troops were dhurra (sorghum vulgare), wheat, rice and lentils. The supplies from England
and in fact the general arrangements, had been so carefully attended to, that throughout the expedition I could not feel a
want, neither could I either regret or wish to have changed any plan that I had originally determined. For the transport
of the heavy machinery across the desert I employed gun carriages drawn by two camels each. The two sections of
steamers and of lifeboats were slung upon long poles of fir from Trieste, arranged between two camels in the manner of