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You are on page 1of 4

CARLETON

VERSITY

Midterm

EXAMINATION

October 2005

DURATION:1.5 HOURS

Course Number: AERIO 4306

Instructor(s) D. Feszty

& Aerospace

Engineering

Student MUST count the number of pages in this examination question paper before beginning to write, and report any

discrepancy immediately to a proctor. This question paper has 4 pages.

This examination

Note:

ANSWER

AI_L TWO

room.

(2) QUESTIONS.

1. [12.5 marks] The wing of a light aircraft of 1,440 kg gross weight has the following

characteristics:

-NACA 651-212 a=0.6 airfoil (see page 2 for airfoil data)

-Wing planform area of 18.58 m2

-Wing span of 10.7 m

-Rectangular

-Full-span

wing

The aircraft cruise speed at 3,000 ft altitude (~= 1.76x10-5 kg/m/s) is 200 km/h. The loading on

the wing may be assumed to be elliptic. Determine:

a)

lift coefficient, profile drag coefficient and induced drag coefficients at cruise. [3.5 marks]

b)

c)

the sea-level stall speed with the split flaps deflected to 60 deg. You may assume a

Reynolds number of 6x106 for these conditions. [2 marks]

d)

the induced angle of attack and induced velocity in cruise condition. [2.5 marks]

e)

the effective angle of attack, i.e. the angle between the resultant flow and the zero lift line

of the wing section in cruise conditions. [2.5 marks]

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2. [17.5 marks] The diagram shows a large passenger transport aircraft proposed by Boeing in

1996. It has the following major characteristics:

gross take off weight

453,600 kg

0.85

wing span

79.2 m

7.3

1 ,720 m2

66.8 m2

86.86 m2

173.7 m2

0.6

a)

4

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or DC-8, then what would be the parasite zero lift drag coefficient of the aircraft?

[3 marks]

b)

Estimate the drag polar relation for this aircraft. [1.5 marks]

c)

At what lift coefficient would be the lift-to-drag ratio a maximum? Estimate the

maximum lift-to-drag ratio. [3.5 marks]

d)

At what altitude should the aircraft cruise to minimize fuel consumption? (Hint: consider

that jetliners typically fly in the lower stratosphere) [3.5 marks]

e)

f)

corresponding value of thrust at sea-level? [2 marks]

g)

If an engine of this thrust would not be available at the time of design, than which two

major performance parameters would have to be compromised by installing smaller

engines? You may assume that the cruise lift-to-drag ratio is the same as for "optimum

engine" availability. Support analysis with equations. [2 marks]

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