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PT PLN (Persero) Pusat Enjiniring Ketenagalistrikan

Jl. Aipda K.S. Tubun I/2


Jakarta 11420

LAPORAN AKHIR
REVIEW STUDI KELAYAKAN DAN BASIC DESIGN
PLTA WARSAMSON (3 x 15,5 MW)

Jalan Terusan Babakan Jeruk I No. 124 Bandung 40163


Telp. (022) 2014978
Website: http://www.gammaepsilon-77.com - Email: info@gammaepsilon-77.com

BASICDESIGNFINALREPORT
WARSAMSONHYDROELECTRICPOWERPLANT(3X15,5MW)FEASIBILITYSTUDYANDBASICDESIGN

TableofContents

PREFACE.....................................................................................................................................i
TABLEOFCONTENT....................................................................................................................ii
LISTOFFIGURE............................................................................................................................x
LISTOFTABLES............................................................................................................................xv

CHAPTERI.INTRODUCTION
1.1Background............................................................................................................................ I1
1.2TechnicalDataSummaryofTheResultsofTheWarsamsonHydroElectricPowerPlantFeasibility
StudyandBasicDesignReview................................................................................................... I3

CHAPTERII.HYDROLOGY
2.1.
HydroClimatology................................................................................................. II1
2.1.1. StationLocationsandRainfallDataAvailability.................................................... II2
2.1.2. RainfallData.......................................................................................................... II3
2.1.3. StationLocationsandClimatologicDataAvailability............................................ II5
2.2.
Hydrometry............................................................................................................ II12
2.2.1. LocationofStreamVelocityandDischargeMeasuringStation............................ II12
2.2.2. ResultsofStreamVelocityandDischargeMeasurement..................................... II12
2.2.3. DischargeRatingCurve......................................................................................... II15
2.2.4. MethodforTheObservationofRiverWaterLevel............................................... II17
2.2.5. ResultsofRiverWaterLevelObservation............................................................ II19
2.3.
WarsamsonRiverDrainageBasin.......................................................................... II25
2.4.
LowFlowDischarge................................................................................................ II25
2.4.1. ActualEvapotranspiration(Ea).............................................................................. II25
2.4.2. SurfaceWaterBalance........................................................................................... II27
2.4.3. RunoffandGroundWaterStorage........................................................................ II27
2.4.4. GlobalRainfallRunoffModelDischargeSimulation(GR2M)................................. II30
2.4.5.
SugawaraTankModelDischargeSimulation......................................................... II32
2.4.6.
NRECAMethodDischargeSimulation.................................................................... II38
2.4.6.1. DrainageBasinCharacteristicParameters........................................................... II39
2.4.6.2. SoilMoistureStorage........................................................................................... II40
2.4.6.3. GroundWaterStorage(GWStor)........................................................................ II40
2.4.7.
Flow Duration Curve form The Sugawara Tank Model Calculation and
DischargeDistributionDiagramfromTheResultsofThe19941995andOctober2011
andFebruary2012Measurements................................................................................... II46
2.5.
RunoffCoefficient.................................................................................................. II47
2.5.1. LiteratureBasedRunoffCoefficient....................................................................... II47
2.5.2. RunoffCoefficientBasedonTheDr.KawakamiEmpiricalMethod....................... II49
2.5.3. RunoffCoefficientBasedonEmpiricalCalculations.............................................. II50
2.5.4. RunoffCoefficientBasedonObservationDataCalculations................................. II52

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BASICDESIGNFINALREPORT
WARSAMSONHYDROELECTRICPOWERPLANT(3X15,5MW)FEASIBILITYSTUDYANDBASICDESIGN

2.6.

DesignRainfall........................................................................................................ II53
2.6.1. RainfallDataConsistencyTest............................................................................... II55
2.6.2. DesignRainfallAnalysis.......................................................................................... II56
2.7.
DesignFloodDischarge.......................................................................................... II57
2.7.1. NakayasuSyntheticUnitHydrograph.................................................................... II57
2.7.2. DesignFloodHydrograph....................................................................................... II60
2.7.3. CreagerMethodMaximumFloodDischarge......................................................... II66
2.7.4. ComparisonBetweenMaximumFloodofTheWarsamsonPowerPlantandANumberof
OtherDamsinIndonesia.................................................................................................. II67
2.8.
WarsamsonRiverSedimentTransport.................................................................. II70
2.8.1. BedloadSedimentTransport.............................................................................. II70
2.8.2. SuspendedLoadSedimentTransport.................................................................. II73
2.9.
SedimentStoragePlanning(DeadWaterLevel,DWL).......................................... II78

CHAPTERIII.GEOLOGY
3.1.
Background............................................................................................................ III1
3.2.
RegionalGeography............................................................................................... III1
3.3.
GeologicalSurvey................................................................................................... III2
3.4.
RegionalGeologyofTheReservoirArea................................................................ III13
3.5.
ConstructionMaterial............................................................................................ III14
3.6.
DamTypeSuitability.............................................................................................. III14
3.7.
DamAxleLocation................................................................................................. III14
3.8.
HeadraceTunnelandPenstockLocation............................................................... III15
3.9.
PowerhouseLocation............................................................................................. III15
3.10.
SummaryofThe2012GammaEpsilonGeologicalInvestigation........................... III15
3.10.1.CoreDrilling.......................................................................................................... III15
3.10.2.TestPit.................................................................................................................. III20
3.10.3.LaboratoryTest..................................................................................................... III21
3.10.4.GeotechnicalCondition......................................................................................... III22
3.10.5.RockWeatheringState......................................................................................... III22
3.10.6.RockStrength........................................................................................................ III25
3.10.7.Discontinuity......................................................................................................... III25
3.10.8.CoreDrillingQuality(RockQualityDesignationRQD)....................................... III26
3.10.9.GeohydrologicalCondition(GroundWaterLevel).............................................. III27
3.10.10.Permeability........................................................................................................ III28
3.11.
TechnicalParameters............................................................................................. III28
3.11.1. MainDam............................................................................................................. III28
3.11.2. SaddleDam.......................................................................................................... III32
3.11.3. HeadraceTunnel.................................................................................................. III35
3.11.4. PowerHouse........................................................................................................ III36
3.11.5. SurgeTank............................................................................................................ III37
3.11.6. QuarryArea.......................................................................................................... III39
3.11.7. Bridge................................................................................................................... III40

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BASICDESIGNFINALREPORT
WARSAMSONHYDROELECTRICPOWERPLANT(3X15,5MW)FEASIBILITYSTUDYANDBASICDESIGN

3.11.8. RoadRelocation................................................................................................... III41


3.11.9. Sliding................................................................................................................... III42

CHAPTERIV.DIVERSIONTUNNEL,COFFERDAMandSADDLEDAM
4.1.
Background............................................................................................................ IV1
4.2.
DiversionTunnelandCofferdamPlanning............................................................ IV1
4.3.
DiversionTunnelHydraulics................................................................................... IV7
4.3.1. ReservoirStorageCapacityCurve.......................................................................... IV7
4.3.2. DiversionTunnelCapacity...................................................................................... IV8
4.4.
FloodAnalysisCalculationsatTheDiversionTunnel............................................. IV15
4.5.
Cofferdam,EmbankmentandSaddlePlanning..................................................... IV18
4.5.1. HeightofTheUpstreamCofferdamPlanning....................................................... IV19
4.5.2. HeightofDownstreamCofferdamPlanning.......................................................... IV19
4.5.3. EmbankmentHeightPlanningatThePlannedTailraceOutlet.............................. IV20
4.5.4. SaddleDamPlanning............................................................................................. IV22
4.5.5. SoilandRockParametersforTheCofferdam,Embankment,andSaddleDam

..IV22
4.5.6. EarthquakeCoefficient.......................................................................................... IV22
4.5.7. SaddleDamPlanning............................................................................................. IV26
4.5.8. SlopeStabilityAnalysis........................................................................................... IV26
4.6.
DiversionTunnelConstruction............................................................................... IV50
4.6.1. TunnelLadingCalculation...................................................................................... IV50
4.6.2. DiversionTunnelStructurePlanning..................................................................... IV52

CHAPTERV.SPILLWAYDESIGNANDDAMOPERATIONDURINGFLOODDISCHARGECONDITION
5.1.
DesignCriteriaforDesignFloodDischarge............................................................ V1
5.2.
SpillwayandbottomOutletPlanning.................................................................... V4
5.3.
InflowDataofDesignFloodDischarge.................................................................. V6
5.4.
SideSpillway........................................................................................................... V8
5.5.
SpillwayGate.......................................................................................................... V10
5.6.
BottomOutlet(EmergencyRelease)...................................................................... V15
5.7.
ReservoirOperationDuringFloodDischargeCondition........................................ V19
5.7.1. ReservoirOperationScenariosPlanning................................................................ V20
5.7.2. SlideSpillway,SpillwayGateandBottomOutletOperationalGuidelines............ V21
5.8.
ResultsofTheReservoirOperationDuringFloodDischargeConditionAnalysis.. V23
5.9.
SlideSpillwayandSpillwayGateThresholdProfileDesignParameter................. V33
5.10.
SpillcutChannel...................................................................................................... V34
5.11.
EnergyDissipationV40
5.11.1HydraulicjumpTypeEnergyDissipaterV40
5.11.2ControlOfHydraulicjumpWithaShill.V45
5.12.
ConstructionStabilityCalculation.

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