23 views

Uploaded by Apolineo

© All Rights Reserved

- Merc Service Manual 6 3d
- MSGA(B) Ground Spur Gears
- ASSAG Cylkro (FACE) Gear Mounting Instructions
- In a Spur Gear Drive for a Stone Crusher
- Contact Force Distribution Among Pins of Trochoid Transmissions
- HIGH EFFICIENCY GEARS SYNTHESIS BY AVOID THE INTERFERENCES
- Backlash Program
- Gear Box & Its Maintenance
- LFW_Jan06
- VictoriaPETRESCU(Gears Efficiency)
- An Alternative Design for Speed Increasers
- Addendum
- SAVE ENERGY AND DIMINISH THE POLLUTIONS BY INCREASING THE EFFICIENCY OF GEARS
- THE GEAR SYNTHESIS WITH THE BEST EFFICIENCY
- soilmec SM5_2016
- Me6601 Design of Transmission Systems
- Spur Gears
- TRT-038
- Sample Report - Greeked Text
- CRS_80_R-2.5.docx

You are on page 1of 3

Shift Coefficient x"

for Americans

Don McViittie

Ge.ar Englinee.rs, Inc . Sea.ltle. WA

Basic Rack

Introduction

The definition

seems to have a strong

and the

"x" to describe nonstandard gear proportions i . basic rack repre ent the tooth form in the nor-

equal to thenormal

The basic rack repre ents the theoretical. gear

"1{"

factor as

II

edin

and derivations

modification,

of the

rack shift,

or manufacturing

method.

Q

The

documents

a theoretical

"zero backlash"

(See McVittie,

based on

gear pair in

center

distance.

tandard

20

document

used. This

of Fig. I.

Addendum

Modification

The addendum

Factor

modification

factor

"x"

(Profitverscniebungsfaktor,

to the reference circle of the gear (rack shift or

profile sHift) for normal module

diametral pitch

1.0 or normal

LO.

Sum of X Faetees

The European practice is to define the sum of

Hg. 1 -

34

GEI\.R

TECfffllOI.O(lV

Xl

"'2'

operates in tight

Table of Symbols

basic tooth thickness involute geometry equa-

ISO

transverse

at the operating

IE

hal

tooth thicknesses

Definition

Genter Distance

Gliearan,ee (ha - hfl

Diameter

Tooth Thinning for Backlash

Addendum

Dedendurn

Tip Shortening Factor

Backlash

Module

Circular Pi,tch

Tooth Thickness

Addendum Modification Factor

hf

tan ,un

(]) DIN 3992 Eq 9

B

m

m

p

p

t

s

x

tan un

cos

z 1 +z

AGMA

C

a,

Pressure Angle

Helix Angle

III

p.

'I'

Table of Subscripts

Subscript

(nonel

2

(3) DIN 3992 Eq 5

At Reference

Diameter

At Base Cylinder Diameter

b

f

At Root Diameter

NormallPllane

ToollDimensions

Transverse Plane

At Working: Diameter

Pinion

Gear or iRack

(4)

X Factor for Each Gear

Th.e values of x for gear and pinion are

chosen somewhat arbitrarily (See Maag. DlN

conditions

addendum

(tip)

in the gear pair are defined by their

factors,

there is no recognized

convention.

is con-

(5)

containing

that the

- -0 )o'm

"

diameter of each part. The values are measured

Sn =(-+2oxotanu

2

..

The actual. addendum. diameters and tooth

(7)

Backlash

Allowance

A common convention

facturersis

module, such as ..024 mn. This maintains the

same cutting

maximizes

mal, transverse,

reference

Don IMcVitti,e

~sn

= E SI. cos ~

co

ilb

He is a past president oj

(8)

the U, S. Technical Advi-

and

(nor-

(9)

tional Gear Standards. He

is a licensed professional

engineer in the Stare oj

Wa,shingIOIi.

JULY/AUGUST

1993

35

center distance, and tooth accuracy. (See AGMA

2002 for more information.)

Tip Sbortening for Clearance

When Lx. > 0, the tips of external gear pairs

should be shortened to maintain standard tip to

root clearance.

required to estimate the fim hed root diameter.

more informatlon.)

Convention. for Signs

For external gear, the value of x i positive

thickne s is increased arid the

whenthetooth

by k

hould be shertened

mo'

k=

considered

inter-

--.'

2

.

tan ~

ZI

( cos '0;

--------1

co I~ cos <Xwt -

)]

(0) Maag Eq 68

common

Intemal

'Gears

external gears. With a few exceptions, they can

and. Cleaeance

all involute

func-

the quotient before calculating the angle from

the iavolute function. I.

for backlash

depth. When the actual root diameters are calculated, the addendum diameter required for

standard clearance can be calculated more accurately from Eq .. 11.

Appendix

~so

::

Derivations

Esst cos ~ CD

of Equation

. b

Essn

'

= --cos

P cos '0;. cos I~b

Il

Po

r.t

Pbn

cos ... =p- co "'b=':"-

cosa

d(",d.-2.(h-x

. m

ao

1I

Equation 12 is ba ed

Essn

2. tan ~ cos

011.

.)i02)

ill Fig .. 1 for the basic rack, If the gear i to be

finished in a second operation,

"

/

.........

t;a:

<,

- lRefer,enCIi Diameter

i

I

Fig. 2 -

36

G.EAR

Addendum modification

TECHNOLOGY

as by shaving.

........

~r...... '" ....

Diameter

"

Pbn

=-Pn

Pbl

cos a =I

PI

(9)

cos~

fi

Pbt

References:

American Gear Manufacturers As oclatien AGMA

908. Geometry Factors/or Determining the Pilling Resistance and Bending

Teeth.

SIre/lgth

Gear

AUSstnller:;alrnnng.

ISO 53. Cylindrical Gears for General and Heavy

Engineering - Basic Rack.

ISO/DTR 10064/4,. Part 2. Inspection Related to Radial Composite Deviations, Runout, Tooth Thickness, and

Backlash.

]SOfTR 4467. Addendum ModiJjcariol10/

the Teetb

0/ Cylindrical Gears /01' SpeedReducing and SpeedIncreasing Gear Pairs.

Lorenz. Gear Curling Tools. 1961.

Maag. Maag Gear Book. 1990.

McVittie.Don.

"De cribing Nonstandard Gears-c-An

Alternative to the Rack Shift Coefficient." AGMA 86 fTM

L ALso in Gear Technology, Vol. 5, No. I, January!

February, J 988, p, lOff.

- Merc Service Manual 6 3dUploaded byHayduke them
- MSGA(B) Ground Spur GearsUploaded bydindo_wae
- ASSAG Cylkro (FACE) Gear Mounting InstructionsUploaded bycjdengate
- In a Spur Gear Drive for a Stone CrusherUploaded byselva_raj215414
- Contact Force Distribution Among Pins of Trochoid TransmissionsUploaded byvovanpedenko
- HIGH EFFICIENCY GEARS SYNTHESIS BY AVOID THE INTERFERENCESUploaded byPetrescu Florian
- Backlash ProgramUploaded byCristopher Entena
- Gear Box & Its MaintenanceUploaded byJiten Kumar Biswal
- LFW_Jan06Uploaded bysapane
- VictoriaPETRESCU(Gears Efficiency)Uploaded byFlorian Ion Petrescu
- An Alternative Design for Speed IncreasersUploaded byburaktuncer
- AddendumUploaded byDimson B. Cabacang
- SAVE ENERGY AND DIMINISH THE POLLUTIONS BY INCREASING THE EFFICIENCY OF GEARSUploaded byPetrescu Florian
- THE GEAR SYNTHESIS WITH THE BEST EFFICIENCYUploaded byPetrescu Florian
- soilmec SM5_2016Uploaded bygabyor
- Me6601 Design of Transmission SystemsUploaded byl8o8r8d8s8i8v8
- Spur GearsUploaded byVignesh Waran
- TRT-038Uploaded byKendrew Blades
- Sample Report - Greeked TextUploaded byJoshua Raincloud
- CRS_80_R-2.5.docxUploaded byS.Dasgupta
- designUploaded byBrandon Allen
- Worm Gear _ KhkUploaded byMarco Vinicius
- B36093Uploaded byAnonymous 8rb48tZS
- 0630SRM794-1482607(05-2000)-EN.pdfUploaded byFernando Cidre
- sh.pdfUploaded bychandra
- 130 PinionUploaded bytechnical engineer
- china.pdfUploaded bybennyferguson
- explicit simulation of gearsUploaded byMamal
- 1Uploaded bySolomon Muhabawu
- Torsión_Timothy26-41Uploaded byMarlon Proaño

- Directive 2006-42-CE_Machinery.pdfUploaded byeng13
- Catalogo Gas BspUploaded byFernando Gonzales H
- VCUK Static Electricity Rt 20120130Uploaded byApolineo
- Kisssoft Tut 015 E BevelgearUploaded byJorge Ronald Cabrera Ñaupa
- Blue-Guide Europe directiveUploaded byJhon Jairo Cediel Gómez
- Ce Brochure EnUploaded bysmallik3
- gear introductionUploaded byAnkesh Ghoghari
- Gear ManufUploaded byHimanshu Arora
- manual kis.pdfUploaded byApolineo
- GearCalc ManualUploaded byTms Arn
- Bridas 150 Lb Lap JointUploaded byYovanny Tello
- A 105Uploaded byApolineo
- cranesUploaded bychoriya007

- IT-Return-IT1-2674182[1]Uploaded byAsfandyar Janjua
- SolutionUploaded byAmeer Hamza
- PrinsipMikroekonomiUploaded bycantona78
- Lesson Plan 5Uploaded byAna-Maria Gugu
- Bombay ForestsUploaded bymathurastro6645
- 17092018.pdfUploaded byKaran Pratap
- ALM_BRIEFUploaded byMohammad Noor Alam
- Inferno OS KunalUploaded byKishor Kunal
- Commands for an RUS (RS232)Uploaded byelesey424
- 2007 Ford 500 Owners ManualUploaded bySlava Bouttchenko
- Database ModelUploaded byRavikant Kaushik
- Active 8 Language GamesUploaded bydenisastasie
- 07032003212942CPE131_p1Uploaded bySophia Fellah Ouahhabi
- Pappa YaUploaded bykisnacapri
- 04 EVC and L2 ServicesUploaded bychienkma
- Regional Sales ManagerUploaded byapi-121340011
- No 1-2006 an Engineer Taking Over the Work of AnotherUploaded byhizbi7
- A “macro-monetary” interpretation of Marx’s theoryUploaded byAlexandre Freitas
- zdl-logUploaded byAiron Away
- Modern Techniques for Protecting and Monitoring of Transmission LinesUploaded bySrinivasan Srini
- Critical Success Factors for BI Systems - Yeoh y Koronios 2010Uploaded byjarmmx
- ICabbi Dispatch Shortcuts 2.2.11Uploaded bysteve harriss
- EN_C1300_ExSite_IOP_r111412Uploaded bySakerhets
- Aortic RegurgitationUploaded byJuli Ismail
- Solving Diabetes in 27 DayUploaded bymickaz
- ANE_AD_ P Lab 3_1 Sem (130)Uploaded byBojja Venkat Sai
- Fireware XTM Release-Notes v11 10Uploaded byHasmawiMatJunit
- Heat Engines 1(2)Uploaded byKartik Desai
- 27832 VoIP FinalUploaded byPrasanga Wdz
- ComplexNumbers GuideUploaded byJason Batson