Area
bf
Df
Thickness of flange
DL
Dead load
EC
EL
Earthquake load
Es
fck
fy
Ief
Stiffness of member
Ld
Development length
LL
Lw
lef
lex
ley
ln
lx
ly
column
ll
l2
l2
Bending moment
Modular ratio
q0
Radius
Torsional moment
Shear force
Total load
Modulus of section
Lever arm
cbc
cc
sc
st
sv
c,max
reinforcement
v
Diameter of bar
INTRODUCTION
Public Hospitals are to be established as per government requirement and
community expectations. According to the present time, public hospital sector handles
the majority of acute care separations and accounts for most regional and remote
hospitals while private hospitals are concentrated in metropolitan areas, and are more
likely to treat patients of higher socio economic advantage. Public hospitals treat
medical cases originated in an area including emergency cases where as in private
sector, cases are selective and opted. These services are separate, not overlapping
between public and private sector.
Public Hospitals are completely and entirely run on the Government funding and
money. Everything from the construction, to the salary of Doctors/Staff, to the medical
equipments, medicines each and every single thing is being taken care of by local
Government. A public hospital is considered to be a preferable option for the not sorich lot of people who despite acute illness cant afford heavy fees of private hospitals.
Although it is very ironical to see that a hospital governed by the Government (who has
obliviously more funds than a group of people or one person alone), does not offer that
level of service which can be counted on in most of the times.
The building is designed for Basement+ Lower Ground + Ground +4 floors.
OPDS, Registration Facilities are planned in Ground floor. Basements are used for
occupying various services like Medical Gases, Laundry, Electrical room, Generator etc.
Operation theatres, Wards, Labour Rooms, pediatrics wards and Nursing Station are
planned in Other Floors. So it is planned to construct Basement+ Lower Ground+ Ground
floors (3 floors) for accommodating the important facilities which is inevitable for the
functioning of M&C Hospital. A Ramp is provided for connecting all the floors. The other
facilities as per the initial planning can construct as future expansion for which the
column and foundations are designed for.
The building foundation was first proposed with column isolated footings based on the
submitted soil report of nearest building. The Sbc recommended by soil expert was
150kN/m2 1.5m from GL. The Building is proposed with two basements, so the founding
level will be 4m below from existing GL, the N value at this level is good and hence the
calculation of Sbc at this level yields as 200kN/m 2. The design of foundation was done
adopting a sbc of 200kN/m2 and the DPR was submitted to Executive Engineer. On
scrutiny of the same, he doubted bout the adoption of Sbc and the joint site visit with
Exe. Engineer, Asst. Exe. Engineer and the Consultant decided to do a soil investigation
at the proposed plot. The Geotechnical investigation is carried out by the Consultant
itself and the results were co ordinate from Mar Athanasius College of Engineering.
STRUCTURAL SYSTEM
The whole structure is analyzed as closed column beam frame in ETABS analysis
software and the design of various structural elements done manually.
Load transfer path is slabbeamcolumnfooting to soil.
Design parameters
Design loads
Dead loads
The dead loads are in accordance with IS 875 Part 1 (1987).
For the calculation of dead load acting over beams at various levels the unit
weight of the building materials are taken according to that given in IS 875 Part IDead
weight of building materials. For calculating the live load acting over various floor levels
IS 875 Part II is referred. All the loads are given according to the data given in the floor
plans and cross sections given. The self weight of the structure is taken by the software
itself.
The unit weight of hollow brick masonry is taken as =20 kN/m 3
The unit weight of concrete is taken as
=25 kN/m3
Wt of floor finish
= 1.0 kN/m2
= 3 kN/m2
= 15 kN/m2
Live loads
The live loads are in accordance with IS 875 Part 2 (1987).
Live load (kN/m2)
type
Wards, Nursing
stations
Operating rooms, X
rays, Scan, store
area,
Stair cases,
Balconies, Corridors,
OPDs, Offices,
Laboratories,
laundries, Kitchen
4
2.5
3
b)
Since the height of the residential complex is 44.35m and its located in Zone III, static
method of analysis was performed to find the seismic load and its distribution.
Static method:
The base shear or total design lateral force along any principal direction shall be
determined by the following expression:
VB = Ah W
where,
VB = The design base shear
Ah = Design horizontal acceleration spectrum value using the fundamental natural
period T.
Z I Sa
2Rg
Where,
Z = Zone factor given in table 2, for the Maximum Considered Earthquake (MCE)
and service life of structure in a zone. The factor 2 in the denominator of Z is
used so as to reduce the MCE zone factor to the factor for Design Basis
Earthquake (DBE)
I = Importance factor, depending upon the functional use of structures,
characterized by hazardous consequences of failure, postearthquake
functional needs, historical value or economic importance (Table 6 IS 1893
(Part 1):2002
R = Response reduction factor, depending on the perceived seismic damage
performance of the structure, characterized by ductile or brittle deformations.
However, the ratio (I/R) shall not be greater than 1.0. The values for
buildings are given in Table 7 of IS 1893 (Part 1): 2002.
Sa
Average response acceleration coefficient.
g
Wi hi
in
W h
i 1
i i
Where,
loads kN/m
25
Above 3.0
50
= 0.09h/d
= 20.30 m
Sa /g = 2.5
(Clause 6.4.5)
Zone factor (clause 6.4.2 table 2)
Z = 0.16 (zone 3)
I = 1.5
R=5
STRUCTURAL MATERIALS
Concrete and Reinforcement
Concrete: M25 for Foundations, M30 for Columns, M25 for Beams, Slabs, Stairs,
and all other components
Steel reinforcement:
Fe500 TMT grade pertaining to IS: 1786 1985
Cover:
From durability requirement, environmental exposure condition is assumed as
severe for substructure and super structure.
The nominal cover to outermost reinforcement shall be as follows for two hour
fire rating.
Columns
40mm
Beams
25mm
Slab
20mm
Stair
25mm
Foundations
50mm
BRIEF:
The building is modelled as 3D structure and is analysed as SMRF (Special
Moment Resisting Frames).
The FEM based structural software (ETABS Nonlinear v9.7.2) is used for modeling and
analysis of the building.
MODELLING
The basic approach for using the program is very straight forward. The user
establishes grid lines, defines material and structural properties, places structural
objects relative to the grid lines using point, line and area object tool. All the types of
loads that the structure is subjected can be defined and assigned to the appropriate
structural components. The analysis can be performed and the results are generated in
graphical or tabular form that can be printed to a printer or to a file for use in other
programs. The following topics describe some of the important areas in the modeling.
Defining Material Properties
In the property data area, name of the material, mass per unit volume, weight
per unit volume, modulus of elasticity, Poissons ratio should be specified for each type
of material defined. The mass per unit volume is used in the calculation of selfmass of
the structure. The weight per unit volume is used in calculating the selfweight of the
structure.
Beams
The dimensions of the beams are as shown below
Beam
Breadth, B Depth, D
500mm
Fixed beam
250mm
600mm
Fixed beam
200mm
450mm
Column:
The column dimensions are as follows:
Ground floor: 250mm X 500mm, 300mm X 500mm, 400mm X 400mm, 500mmX 500mm,
(steel as per details)
Staircase:
The staircase is provided as an equivalent slab. The thicknesses of the slab used for
staircase is 175mm
Support condition
Then support conditions were given to the structure. The support condition given was
pinned.
LOAD COMBINATION
The following are the load combinations as IS: 4562000
1) 1.5 D.L + 1.5 LL
2) 1.5 DL + 1.5 SLX
3) 1.5 DL  1.5 SLX
4) 1.5 DL + 1.5 SLY
5) 1.5 DL  1.5 SLX
Column Layout
Completed Model
DESIGN OF ELEMENTS
Analysis Results
Design Methodology:
All structural concrete elements will be designed according to the Limit State
Method as specified in IS: 456  2000 for reinforced concrete elements and detailing will
be as per standards.
Design of foundation:
The building foundation was first proposed with column isolated footings based
on the submitted soil report of nearest building. The Sbc recommended by soil expert
was 150kN/m2 1.5m from GL. The Building is proposed with two basements, so the
founding level will be 4m below from existing GL, the N value at this level is good and
hence the calculation of Sbc at this level yields as 200kN/m2. The design of foundation
was done adopting a sbc of 200kN/m2 and the DPR was submitted to Executive
Engineer. On scrutiny of the same, he doubted bout the adoption of Sbc and the joint
site visit with Exe. Engineer, Asst. Exe. Engineer and the Consultant decided to do a soil
investigation at the proposed plot. The Geotechnical investigation is carried out by the
Consultant itself and the results were co ordinate from Mar Athanasius College of
Engineering.
Soil Profile
The
boreholes,
numbered
1,2.3
and
were
terminated
at
29.40
m,29.90m,26.00m and 27.70m respectively. Hard rock was encountered in all the
boreholes. Lateritic clayey silt were found in all the bore holes. Very fine sandy silt, very
fine silty sand and Lateritic clay with sand were found in some of the boreholes ,Hard
rock was fund in all the boreholes,. The N value is found tobe varying from 7 to greater
than 100.
DATA AND DISCUSSION
The bore hole details are given in the attached bore log. The report on the
analysis of the recovered representative samples collected from the boreholes is
attached. Based on visual identification and the laboratory test results using
representative samples, the soil profile at the bore hole location is drawn and are also
presented in borehole logs. For the lateritic clay found in all the bore holes, sand content
3% to9%, silt content varies between 42% and 73% and clay content was between 18%
and 46%. The specific gravity is found to be between 2.54 and 2.56. The cohesion was
between 0.30 kg/cm2 and 0.60 kg/cm2. The N value for these strata was fond to be
between 8 and 21. For the lateritic clayey silt found in all the bore holes, sand content
2% to 15% silt content varies between 72% and 87% and clay content was between 3%
ad 27%. The cohesion was between 0.25 kg/cm2 and 0.70 kg/cm2. The N value for these
strata was found to be between 7 and 45. The very fine sandy silt found in bore holes 1,3
and 4 sand content varies between 15 % to 42% and silt content varies between 55%
and 85%. The N value for these strata was found to be between 23 and greater than 100.
The very fine silty sand found in bore holes 1 and 2 sand content varies between 58% to
68% and silt content varies between 32% and 42%. The N value was found to be greater
than 100. The Lateritic clay with sand found in bore holes 2,3 and 4, sand content varies
between 0% to 21%, silt content varies between 36% and 55% and clay content between
35% and 45%. The N value for these strata was fond to be between 7 and 18. From the
test results for the stratum having N value more than 10 the safe bearing capacity can be
taken as 6.3T/sq.m and for layers having N value 20, it may be taken as 17.2T/sq.m.
RECOMMENDATIONS
The soil at the site mainly consists of Lateritic clay and Lateritic clayey silt. Very
fine sandy silt. Very fine silty sand and Lateritic clay with sand were found in some of the
boreholes. Hard rock was found at all the bore holes. The N value is found to be varying
from 7 to greater than 100.
For the stratum having N value more than 10, the safe bearing capacity can be
taken as 6.3T/sq.m and for layers having N value 20, it may be taken as 17.2T/sq.m.
Depending on the number of floors, the foundation shall be decided. It is suggested to
provide pile foundation which extends to hard rock. Open foundation shall be adopted.
If the load on foundation is not high. She recommendations made in this report are
based on the results of field tests as well as tests done on the samples recovered from
the bore holes. It is presumed that the soil below the maximum depth of exploration at
the site does not vary much or rather improves from that observed at the maximum
depth
Based on this report, the foundation system adopted is Pile Foundation. Since
the capacity is not provided by the Soil Expert, the Consultant Engineer calculated both
geotechnical and Structural Capacity of various dia piles
500mm dia
550mm dia
Pile Capacity
Sl No
Pile Diameter(mm)
Pile Capcity(kN)
450
970
500
1100
550
1300
Design of Pile
450mm Dia Pile
As per IS: 2911
Fixity depth = 8d
= 8 x 0.45
Total No of Pile
=134 No.s
= 3.6m
=32.73kN
= 117.8kNm
Factored Moment
Mu
=176kNm
=970kN
Pu
=1445kN
Pu
f ck D 2 = (1445x1000)/ (25x4502)
=0.284
f ck D 3
176 10 6
25 450 3
=0.077
Providing 40 mm clear cover and assuming 20 mm dia bar
d'
=50
d1
D = 0.106
P
.062 , p = 1.55
f ck
pmin= 0.8
Area of longitudinal steel
As 2403 mm 2
= 8 x 0.5
= 4.0 m
Total No of Pile
=134 No.s
=32.73kN
= 130.8kNm
Factored Moment
Mu
=196.38kNm
=1100kN
Pu
=1650kN
Pu
f ck D 2 = (1650x1000)/ (25x5002)
=0.264
f ck D 3
196 10 6
25 500 3
=0.062
Providing 40 mm clear cover and assuming 20 mm dia bar
d'
=50
d1
D = 0.10
P
.041 , p = 1.01
f ck
pmin= 0.8
Area of longitudinal steel
As 1982 mm 2
fy = 500 N/mm
Each pile should be connected using pile cap with a minimum of 100mm edge distance to either
sides of the pile. This pile cap is designed as simply supported beam.
As per IS 2911 spacing between two pile is 2.5 x dia of pile
Length of pile cap
= 777 + 100
= 877 mm
= 1030 kNm
= 1.69
= 0.428
3425mm
= 3430 mm
Distance from face of the column to the centre of the pile = 0.625m > Dp/2
= 1650 kN
= 2.4 N/mm
= 0.48
= 0.49 N/mm
= Vu  c bd
Diameter of bar
Area of shear reinforcement effective in shear, Asv
= 1372 kN
= 12 mm
= 678.58 mm
= 0.87 x d x fy x Asv
Vus
<300mm c/c
= 360 mm
Design of columns:
Columns are designed by taking the forces and moments from the FEM software.
The sizes of columns are kept constant at all the stories. The design of column is done
considering the axial compression, biaxial bending moment including slenderness effect.
Excel spread sheets are used for designing of columns as per standards. The Columns are
designed for GF+4 floors.
3 Design of column subjected to biaxial bending (with reinforcement equally on all the four sides.)
Ref IS 4562000 & SP 16 charts for compression with bending
fck
N/mm
30
fy
2
size of column
N/mm
500
mm
500
mm
500
kN
3560
m
3.4
1.200
Cc
bar dia.
d/
kN.m
16
mm
40
mm
16
mm
48.00
Lex/D
Ley/b
effective length
Lex
Ley
1.200
m
4.08
Result
Cl 25.1.2
m
4.08
8.16
8.16
Lex/D
Ley/b
<12,short
<12,short
reduction factor, k
Cl 39.6
kx
0.353
ky
0.353
obtained
considered
value
value
0.096
0.10
additional moments
additional moments
Cl 39.7.1
Cl 39.7.1.1
Cl 39.7.1.1
kN
4576.988
d//b
Pby, SP 16 Table 60
k2
Pby
kN
0.207
0.425
1693.81
k1
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
ex
0.023
ey
0.023
Mex,kN.m Mey,kN.m
83.54
83.54
kN.m
83.54
n
Cl 39.6
Cl 39.6
0.778
1.963
0.475
0.04
(Mux/Mux1)
d /D
0.10
+ (Muy/Muy1) n < 1
Chart No 46 SP16
2
Mux1/fck b D
0.035
Result
IS 4562000 Cl 39.6
Cl 39.6
0.82
<1 Ok
d /b
0.10
Muy1/fck b D
0.035
Mux1
Muy1
kN.m
131.250
kN.m
131.250
License #*192TZNDF9YDF4PW
GF
C83
C300X500
DCON7
LLRF
3900
0.594
Section Properties
b (mm) h (mm) dc (mm) Cover (Torsion) (mm)
300
500
50
23.6
Material Properties
E c (MPa)
f ck (MPa)
f y (MPa)
f ys (MPa)
27386.13
30
500
500
1.5
1.15
Design M u2
kNm
Design M u3
kNm
Minimum M 2
kNm
Minimum M 3
kNm
2092.8237
45.7945
142.2591
41.8565
48.693
2.1
Additional Moment
kNm
Minimum Moment
kNm
Major Bend(M3)
0.831928
3300
57.2852
48.693
Minor Bend(M2)
0.704905
3300
18.3178
41.8565
Page 1 of 2
7/16/2014
License #*192TZNDF9YDF4PW
Shear V c
kN
Shear V s
kN
Shear V p
kN
Rebar A sv /s
mm/m
Major, V u2
64.3742
140.4314
54
87.6777
332.53
Minor, V u3
63.1923
133.5314
50
63.1923
554.22
Shear
V Top
kN
Shear
V u,Tot
kN
Shear
Vc
kN
Joint
Area
cm
Shear
Ratio
Unitless
Major Shear, V u2
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Minor Shear, V u3
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
A sc
cm
1500
31.5
P uz
kN
Pb
kN
Pu
kN
k
Unitless
0.502467
No
0.8462
0.5
5.4907
12
No
Minor Bending (M 2 )
No
0.8462
0.3
7.754
12
No
Notes:
N/A: Not Applicable
N/C: Not Calculated
N/N: Not Needed
Page 2 of 2
7/16/2014
Design of beams
The RC beams and slabs are designed using Excel spreadsheet using the analysis
results from FEM software. The top as well as bottom reinforcement shall consist of at
least two bars throughout the member length.
Design for area of steel and shear for singly reinforced beam by limit state design method
Calculation of Ast req for beams
Ref IS 4562000 Cl G1.1b & G1.1c For sections without compression reinforcement
fy
fck
N/mm2
N/mm2
b
mm
D
mm
Cc
mm
Cg of bar
mm
d
mm
Mu lim
kN.m
500
25
200
500
25
467
145.03
Mu support
kNm
pt req.spt
Ast span
mm2
pt req.span
mm
Mu span
kNm
d req mm
d prov mm
Result
135
802.93
0.86
55
288.73
0.31
450.56
467
okay
16
16
804.25
0.86
okay
Nos.
2
2
pt lim
%
0.94
pt span
%
804.25
0.86
fck
Vu
N/mm2
kN
pt
prov.
%
25
110
0.86
c max
Result
Cl 40.1
Table 19
Table 20
N/mm2
1.18
N/mm2
0.61
N/mm2
3.1
tau_v <tau_cmax, Ok
Vu
kN
110
bd
kN
56.97
Vus
req
kN
53.03
Vus/d
req
kN/cm
fy
N/mm2
1.14
415
assuming
no.
stirrup dia of stirrup
mm
legs
8
stirrup
Vus/d prov.
sp assumed
kN/cm
mm
Cl 40.4 a
100
3.630
Result
Cl 26.5.1.5
stirrup
sp prov.
mm
300
100
Hence ok
Min stirrup
Max stirrup
spacing mm
spacing mm
Cl 26.5.1.6
546.64
mm
200
D
of
web
mm
500
side face
reinf.
req. / face
spc b/w
bars not to
no.
per face
2
dia of
Ast prov.
exceed
bar
mm2
Cl 26.5.1.3
12
226.19
200 mm
span
mm
d
mm
pt req.
%
pt prov.
%
pc
%
MFt
MFc
467
0.31
0.86
1.924
Cl 26.5.1.3
not req
fy
Type of
beam
N/mm2
Cont.Beam
500
5250
l/d
l/d
Result
prov
Cl 23.2.1
Cl 23.2.1
11.24
50.02
Okay
Design of slab
Design of slab
Material Constants:
Concrete, fck = 25 N/mm
Steel,
fy = 500 N/mm
Loads:
Using
3kN/m
Finishes
1.5 kN/m
Partition load
2.5 kN/m
Total
10.0 kN/m
= 96 mm
= 88 mm
1 Design for area of steel and shear for two way slab by limit state design method
Slab Geometry
Lx
Ly
Ly/Lx
Result
m
m
3.2
3.9
1.219 <2, Hence two way slab
Grade of concrete, steel, & overall depth of slab
fy
fck
b
D
N/mm2
500
N/mm2
25
mm
1000
Cc bot
mm
20
Cg of bot bar
d bot
mm
96
Cc bot
mm
20
Cg of bot bar
mm
120
Lxshorter span
mm
4
Cc top
mm
20
Cg of top bar
mm
4
d top
mm
96
Lylonger span
mm
12
d bot
mm
88
Cc top
mm
20
Cg of top bar
mm
12
d top
mm
88
Partial
safety
factor
Dead
Load of
the slab
Floor
finish of
the slab
DL
kN/m2
FF
kN/m2
LL
kN/m2
ML
kN/m2
TL
kN/m2
IS 4562000
w
kN/m2
1.5
7.5
1.5
11.25
3.2
115.20
0.049
mm
144.00
%
0.15
kNm
4.26
Table 18
5.64
0.037
Ast min
pt req.span
mm2
%
0.15
144.00
Design
load of the
slab
4.26
0.600
3.2
115.20
0.037
4.26
3.23
21.60
pt span
%
0.35
mm2
144.00
%
0.16
kNm
3.23
Ast min
pt req.span
mm2
%
0.16
144.00
150
250
335.10
0.38
okay
8
0
150
250
pt span
%
335.10
0.38
Check for shear in solid slabs for limit state design method
Ref IS 4562000 Cl 40.1, Cl 40.2.3, Table 19, Table 20 & Cl 40.2.1.1
fck
N/mm2
25
pt
%
0.35
Vu
kN
21.6
mm
1000
k
Cl 40.1
N/mm2
0.23
c max
Cl 40.2.1.1 Table 20
N/mm2
N/mm2
0.55
Cont.slab
N/mm
500
mm
3200
l/d
prov
33.33
l/d
Cl 23.2.1
76.34
Result
Cl 23.2.1
Okay
clear
cg
3.1
d
mm
96
Result
tau_v < k tau_c, Ok
tau_v <1/2 tau_c max,Ok
pt req.
pt prov.
pc
MFt
MFc
mm
96
%
0.15
%
0.35
%
0
2.936
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
4.76
2.6
3.9
25
500
160
280
1200
4.8
1.95
12.1875
11.1875
m
m
m
2
N/mm
2
N/mm
mm
mm
mm
m
m
Nos
Nos
152
mm Required
D
d
=
=
175
154
mm
mm
Loads
DL of waist slab
DL on horizontal area
DL of steps
LL
FF
Total load
Factored load
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
4.375
5.04
2
5
1.5
13.54
20.3
kN/m
=
=
58
49
kNm
kN
146
mm
=
=
=
2.466
0.652
1005
%
2
mm
=
=
12
112
mm
mm
Ast
185
mm
Dia of bar
Spacing
=
=
8
270
mm
mm
Design
2
2
kN/m
2
kN/m
2
kN/m
2
kN/m
2
kN/m
(of one flight)
BM and SF
Mu
Vu
d from BM consideration
k
pt
Ast
Main Reinforcement
Dia
Spacing
Distribution Steel
Development Length
Floor Beam
4760
mm
DOWN
UP
1200 mm
PLAN
Ld = 590 mm
300
mm
Y8 @ 270 mm C/C (Distribution Reinforcement)
Y12@112 mm C/C
(Main Reinforcement)
175 mm
175 mm
DETAILING
License #*192TZNDF9YDF4PW
Centroid X (mm)
P4
8115.5
10950.9
4556.7
250
LLRF
0.426
Material Properties
E c (MPa)
f ck (MPa)
f y (MPa)
f ys (MPa)
25000
25
500
500
IP MAX
IP MIN
P MAX
1.15
1.5
0.02
0.0025
0.8
ID
Left X 1
mm
Left Y 1
mm
Right X 2
mm
Right Y 2
mm
Length Thickness
mm
mm
Top
Leg 1
7650
11130
9700
11130
2050
250
Top
Leg 2
9700
11130
9700
11886.7
756.7
250
Top
Leg 3
5900
10500
7650
10500
1750
250
Bottom
Leg 1
7650
11130
9700
11130
2050
250
Bottom
Leg 2
9700
11130
9700
11886.7
756.7
250
Bottom
Leg 3
5900
10500
7650
10500
1750
250
Pu
kN
M u2
kNm
M u3
kNm
Pier A g
mm
784.892
139.749
275.88
1139166
Top
2848
0.0025
0.0037
DWAL14
Bottom
5457
0.0048
0.0037
1139166
Shear Design
Station
Location
ID
Pu
kN
Mu
kNm
Vu
kN
Vc
kN
Vc+ Vs
kN
Top
Leg 1
OS
DWAL12
Top
Leg 2
1018.78
DWAL7
297.3436 172.3923
272.992
50.4431
272.992
Top
Leg 3
OS
DWAL11
493.7266 892.7358
1127.576
115.2453
431.0062
Bottom
Leg 1
OS
DWAL12
72.6428 1121.5661
1314.807 147.0513
516.9426
Bottom
Leg 2
861.61
DWAL9
167.9797 189.7462
238.6595
50.4431
238.6595
Bottom
Leg 3
OS
DWAL12
878.7701 880.6772
1092.6488 153.1835
468.9444
500.7702
Number of legs where shear force exceeds max allowed (top, bottom) = 2, 2
Page 1 of 2
7/16/2014
DETAILING
All the structural elements were detailed according to IS 456:2000 and SP34.
Detailed drawings were prepared in AutoCAD 2007. Detailing of all the structural
elements were done based on SP 34 and IS 13920
COLUMN DETAILS
Special confining reinforcement as per is 13920:1993
Special confining reinforcement shall be provided over a length lo from each joint face,
towards midspan, and on either side of any section, where flexural yielding may occur
under the effect of earthquake forces
The length lo shall not be less than
(a) Larger lateral dimension of the member at
Section where yielding occurs,
(b) 1/6 of Clear span of the member, and
(c) 450 mm.
The spacing of hoops used as special confining reinforcement shall not exceed 1/4 of
minimum member dimension but need not be less than 75 mm nor more than 100 mm.
BEAM DETAILING
Different things which are to be detailed in Beam Detailing is shown below vide sp 34,
page 108
SLAB DETAILING
Different things which are to be detailed in Slab Detailing is shown below vide sp 34,
page 127
=3.6m
=200mm
= 17kN/m3
Surcharge Pressure
= 5kN/m 2
=0.33
Earth pressure
(Kah)
Analysis
The building is having two basements so the retaining wall is inevitable at basement 1and 2. An
internal retaining wall is proposed to separate basement2 and basement 1. The retaining wall is
supported on grade beams, building columns and slabs at top. Hence it is acting as a retaining
slab supported on four sides which effectively reducing the design complications. Another
retaining wall is proposed to retain the external earth forming the road. This retaining wall is
supported on beams at bottom, vertically restrained columns. The top of retaining wall is fixed to
lateral beams connecting vertical columns. This retaining wall is supported on columns
supported on cantilevered grade beams. The analysis is done with building frame in Etabs
software, the results were extracted to design the same.
Moments in Plate
Maximum Vertical Moment Mx = 50kNm
Moments in Plate
Maximum Horizontal Moment Mx = 30kNm
Depth of Section
Effective Depth dreq =Mu/ (0.138fck b)
d= 147.5mm,
Provided d =175mm with an overall depth of 200mm. hence okay.
Design for Vertical Moment
Mx = 50 kNm
Factored Moment = 75kNm
Mu/(bd2) = 2.45and
Pt =0.648
Hence provide reinforcement as T 12 @ 100mm C/C as Vertical.
Design for Horizontal Moment
Mx =30 kNm
Factored Moment = 45kNm
Mu/(bd2) = 1.50and
Pt =0.648
Hence provide reinforcement as T 12 @ 150mm C/C as Vertical.
Design for Shear
Vu =45 kN
Factored Shear Force Vu= 67.5kN
Nominal shear stress, v = Vu/bd
= 0.385
From IS 456,
Design shear stress c = 0.60
v<c, hence provided Ast is safe for shear stresses.

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