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End Term Exam JUIT, RCC

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5 = 6)

Attempt any twelve Questions

Q1.

a. Why the assumption of perfect bond between concrete and steel is made in RCC

design.

Strain compatibility condition

b. Estimation of cracking moment will require transformed section I, Give reason?

The flexural formula is valid for homogeneous section hence composite section of

concrete and steel is transformed into a homogeneous section so that flexural

formula is valid.

c. What do you understand by structural integrity?

A structure is said to have structural integrity if it is able to withstand localised

damage or failure of a structural member, caused by any unforeseen or abnormal

events (that may reasonably be expected) without spread of damage or collapse to a

large part of the structure. In other words, the failure of one element should not

lead to a progressive collapse or incremental collapse of the rest of the structure.

d. Why side reinforcement is provided for beam having depth more than 750mm.

SIDE FACE REINFORCEMENT--This rule takes into consideration crack width

limitation as well as lateral buckling of web in beams.

e. How a balanced section in WSM is different from that of LSM.

In WSM we take permissible stress of concrete and steel where as in LSM we take

strain into account.

f. Why clear cover is more in column as compared to that of slab.

To ensure progressive collapse or incremental collapse of the structure in case of

fire.

g. The modular ratio is taken as 1.5m in order to compute the stress in compression

steel. Justify?

This is because the long-term effects of creep and shrinkage of concrete, as well as

the nonlinearity at higher stresses, result in much larger compressive strains in the

compression steel than those indicated by the linear elastic theory using the

normally specified value of m.

h. What do you interpret for the assumption made for WSM design in IS 456 as All

tensile stresses are taken up by reinforcement and none by concrete, except as

otherwise specifically permitted (Cl. B-1.3)

Concrete has cracked.

fst = stress in reinforcing steel, fcs = stress in concrete surrounding the steel, m =

modular ratio.

Equate strain in concrete = strain in steel, hence derive the expression

j. In a RCC beam how crack width can be limited.

With proper reinforcement detailing as prescribed in code.

k. How the serviceability condition of RCC is ensured.

By following the provision prescribed in code for span/depth ratio, minimum

reinforcement, maximum spacing between bars

l. On what basis minimum percentage of steel has been prescribed in IS 456?

For restricting crack width.

m. Sketch the typical Reinforcement detail in continuous beam.

n. Compute lever arm factor for balanced section with grade of steel Fe500 and concrete

M25.

0.25

SECTION B (3 x 3 = 9)

Attempt any three Questions

Q2. Justify the selection in span to depth ratio as per IS456 for limiting deflection control.

Q3. In a one way slab why and which span will transfer more load to the support?

For pt > pt,b (i.e., for over-reinforced (WSM) sections), the rate of gain in allowable

moment capacity with increase in tensile reinforcement area drops off rapidly. This is so,

because the allowable limit of stress is reached in concrete in compression, and, unless the

compression capacity is suitably enhanced, there is not much to gain in boosting the

flexural tensile capacity of the beam section either by adding more tension steel area or

by improving the grade of steel.

For this reason, over-reinforced (WSM) beams are considered to be highly uneconomical

in the traditional WSM method of design.

Q5. Derive expression to determine cracking moment of Singly Reinforced RCC beam.

Given width of beam b, effective depth d, effective cover c, Area of tension steel Ast.

In flexural formula, the value of I and extreme fibre distance from NA has to be

computed.

o For determining I, Transform the given singly reinforced section as

Transformed section.

o For transformed section locate NA by equating Moment of area above NA

about NA with moment of area below NA about NA.

o Hence find I and extreme fibre distance.

SECTION C (5 x 3 = 15)

Attempt any five Questions

Q6. A beam has a rectangular section as shown below Assuming M 20 concrete and Fe 250

steel, compute the stresses in concrete and steel under a service load moment of 125 kNm.

Check the calculations using the flexure formula.

Q7. For Q6 determine the allowable moment capacity of the section under service loads.

Also determine the corresponding stresses induced in concrete and steel.

ANSWER: 164kNm, 6.35MPa, 130MPa

Q8. A rectangular reinforced concrete beam, located inside a building in a coastal town, is

simply supported on two masonry walls 230 mm thick and 6m apart (centre-to-centre). The

beam has to carry, in addition to its own weight, a distributed live load of 10 kN/m and a

dead load of 5 kN/m. Design the flexural reinforcement for the beam as per WSM, given that

its size is limited to 250 mm 400 mm, and that it has to carry, in addition to the loads

already mentioned, a concentrated dead load of 30 kN placed at the mid span point. Assume

M25 grade concrete and Fe415 steel.

ANSWER:

Find maximum span moment at centre as sum of moment at mid span due to udl

and due to concentrated load.

Find effective depth required to resist the maximum moment coming in the beam.

Decide whether section depth limitation is adequate or not, if it is not adequate

Design doubly reinforced section.

Q9. Determine the maximum short-term deflection under dead loads and live loads for the

doubly reinforced beam of Q8.

ANSWER:

Q10. A simply supported beam spanning over 8m is of rectangular section with a width of

300 mm and overall depth 600 mm. The beam is reinforced with 4 bars of 25 mm diameter

on the tension side at an effective depth of 550 mm. Two nominal hanger bars of 12 mm

diameter are provided on the compression side. The beam is subjected to a service load

moment of 140 kNm at the centre of span section. Assuming M-20 grade concrete and Fe415 HYSD bars, check for Deflection control using empirical method.

Q11. For Q10 determine the Maximum width of cracks (Theoretical method).

- A Brief in Resilient Composite Systems (RCS) and Elastic Composite Reinforced Lightweight Concrete (ECRLC) as a Type of RCS [Brief-2016- English]Uploaded byhttps://sites.google.com/site/newstructure1 ; https://sites.google.com/site/ecrlc1 ; Non-commercial
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