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Verb Tense Tutorial


Verb tenses are tools that English speakers use to express time in their language. You may find that
many English tenses do not have direct translations in your language. That is not a problem. By
studying this verb tense tutorial, you will learn to think like a native English speaker. If you prefer to
use the verb tense pages as a reference only and do not want to complete the tutorial, Click Here.

The tutorial should be completed as follows:


1. Read this introduction page.
2. Prepare for the exercises by reading: Types of Verbs, Active vs. Passive, and the verb tense
descriptions that you want to practice.
3. Complete the exercises below. After each exercise, we have listed the tenses covered. Just click
on the name of a tense to learn more about its use.
EXERCISES

TOPICS COVERED

Verb Tense Exercise 1

Simple Present and Present Continuous

Verb Tense Exercise 2

Simple Present and Present Continuous

Verb Tense Exercise 3

Simple Past and Past Continuous

Verb Tense Exercise 4

Simple Past and Past Continuous

Verb Tense Exercise 5

Simple Past and Present Perfect

Verb Tense Exercise 6

Simple Past and Present Perfect

Verb Tense Exercise 7

Present Perfect and Present Perfect Continuous

Verb Tense Exercise 8

Present Perfect and Present Perfect Continuous

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Verb Tense Exercise 9

Present Continuous and Present Perfect Continuous

Verb Tense Exercise 10

Present Continuous and Present Perfect Continuous

Verb Tense Exercise 11

Simple Past and Past Perfect

Verb Tense Exercise 12

Simple Past, Present Perfect, and Past Perfect

Verb Tense Exercise 13

Past Perfect and Past Perfect Continuous

Verb Tense Exercise 14

Present Perfect, Past Perfect, Present Perfect Continuous, and Past


Perfect Continuous

Verb Tense Exercise 15

Present Continuous, Simple Past, Present Perfect Continuous, and Past


Perfect Continuous

Verb Tense Exercise 16

Present and Past Tenses with Non-Continuous Verbs

Verb Tense Exercise 17

Present and Past Tense Review

Verb Tense Exercise 18

Will and Be Going to

Verb Tense Exercise 19

Will and Be Going to

Verb Tense Exercise 20

Will and Be Going to

Verb Tense Exercise 21

Simple Present and Simple Future

Verb Tense Exercise 22

Simple Present and Simple Future

Verb Tense Exercise 23

Simple Future and Future Continuous

Verb Tense Exercise 24

Simple Present, Simple Future, Present Continuous, and Future


Continuous

Verb Tense Exercise 25

Simple Future and Future Perfect

Verb Tense Exercise 26

Future Perfect and Future Perfect Continuous

Verb Tense Exercise 27

Future Perfect and Future Perfect Continuous

Verb Tense Exercise 28

Future Continuous and Future Perfect Continuous

Verb Tense Practice Test Cumulative Verb Tense Review


Verb Tense Final Test

Cumulative Verb Tense Review

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Verb Tense Overview with Examples


Simple Present

Simple Past

I study English every day.

Two years ago, I studied English in


England.

Simple Future

If you are having problems, I will help you


study English.
I am going to study English next year.

Present Continuous

I am studying English now.

Present Perfect

Past Continuous

I was studying English when you called


yesterday.

Past Perfect

I have studied English in several different


countries.

I had studied a little English before I moved


to the U.S.

Present Perfect Continuous

Past Perfect Continuous

I have been studying English for five


years.

I had been studying English for five years


before I moved to the U.S.

Future Continuous

I will be studying English when you arrive


tonight.
I am going to be studying English when
you arrive tonight.

Future Perfect

I will have studied every tense by the time I


finish this course.
I am going to have studied every tense by
the time I finish this course.

Future Perfect Continuous


I will have been studying English for over
two hours by the time you arrive.

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I am going to have been studying English


for over two hours by the time you arrive.

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ENGLISH PAGE - Active / Passive Verb Forms

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Englishpage.com > Verb Tense Tutorial > Active / Passive Verb Forms
Verb Tense Intro.
Types of Verbs
Active/Passive
Simple Present
Present Continuous
Simple Past
Past Continuous
Present Perfect
Present Perf. Cont.
Past Perfect
Past Perfect Cont.
Simple Future
Future Continuous
Future Perfect
Future Perfect Cont.
Used to
Would Always
Future in the Past

Active / Passive Verb Forms


Sentences can be active or passive. Therefore, tenses also have "active forms" and "passive forms." You
must learn to recognize the difference to successfully speak English.

Active Form
In active sentences, the thing doing the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing receiving the
action is the object. Most sentences are active.
[Thing doing action] + [verb] + [thing receiving action]
Examples:

Passive Form
In passive sentences, the thing receiving the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing doing the
action is optionally included near the end of the sentence. You can use the passive form if you think that
the thing receiving the action is more important or should be emphasized. You can also use the passive
form if you do not know who is doing the action or if you do not want to mention who is doing the action.
[Thing receiving action] + [be] + [past participle of verb] + [by] + [thing doing action]
Examples:

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Active / Passive Overview


Active

Passive

Simple Present

Once a week, Tom cleans the house.

Once a week, the house is cleaned by


Tom.

Present
Continuous

Right now, Sarah is writing the letter.

Right now, the letter is being written by


Sarah.

Simple Past

Sam repaired the car.

The car was repaired by Sam.

Past
Continuous

The salesman was helping the


customer when the thief came into the
store.

The customer was being helped by the


salesman when the thief came into the
store.

Present Perfect

Many tourists have visited that castle.

That castle has been visited by many


tourists.

Present Perfect
Continuous

Recently, John has been doing the


work.

Recently, the work has been being done


by John.

Past Perfect

George had repaired many cars before


he received his mechanic's license.

Many cars had been repaired by George


before he received his mechanic's license.

Past Perfect
Continuous

Chef Jones had been preparing the


restaurant's fantastic dinners for two

The restaurant's fantastic dinners had


been being prepared by Chef Jones for

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years before he moved to Paris.

two years before he moved to Paris.

Someone will finish the work by 5:00


PM.

The work will be finished by 5:00 PM.

BE GOING TO

Sally is going to make a beautiful


dinner tonight.

A beautiful dinner is going to be made


by Sally tonight.

Future
Continuous

At 8:00 PM tonight, John will be


washing the dishes.

At 8:00 PM tonight, the dishes will be


being washed by John.

At 8:00 PM tonight, John is going to


be washing the dishes.

At 8:00 PM tonight, the dishes are going


to be being washed by John.

They will have completed the project


before the deadline.

The project will have been completed


before the deadline.

They are going to have completed


the project before the deadline.

The project is going to have been


completed before the deadline.

The famous artist will have been


painting the mural for over six months
by the time it is finished.

The mural will have been being painted


by the famous artist for over six months by
the time it is finished.

BE GOING TO

The famous artist is going to have


been painting the mural for over six
months by the time it is finished.

The mural is going to have been being


painted by the famous artist for over six
months by the time it is finished.

Used to

Jerry used to pay the bills.

The bills used to be paid by Jerry.

Would Always

My mother would always make the


pies.

The pies would always be made by my


mother.

Simple Future
WILL

Simple Future

WILL

Future
Continuous
BE GOING TO

Future Perfect
WILL

Future Perfect
BE GOING TO

Future Perfect
Continuous
WILL

Future Perfect
Continuous

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ENGLISH PAGE - Active / Passive Verb Forms

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Future in the
Past

I knew John would finish the work by


5:00 PM.

I knew the work would be finished by


5:00 PM.

I thought Sally was going to make a


beautiful dinner tonight.

I thought a beautiful dinner was going to


be made by Sally tonight.

WOULD

Future in the
Past
WAS GOING TO

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ENGLISH PAGE - Types of Verbs

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Englishpage.com > Verb Tense Tutorial > Types of Verbs


Verb Tense Intro.
Types of Verbs
Active/Passive
Simple Present
Present Continuous
Simple Past
Past Continuous
Present Perfect
Present Perf. Cont.
Past Perfect
Past Perfect Cont.
Simple Future
Future Continuous
Future Perfect
Future Perfect Cont.
Used to
Would Always
Future in the Past

Types of Verbs
Before you begin the verb tense lessons, it is extremely important to understand that NOT all English verbs
are the same. English verbs are divided into three groups: Normal Verbs, Non-Continuous Verbs, and
Mixed Verbs.

Group I Normal Verbs


Most verbs are "Normal Verbs." These verbs are usually physical actions which you can see somebody
doing. These verbs can be used in all tenses.
Normal Verbs
to run, to walk, to eat, to fly, to go, to say, to touch, etc.
Examples:
I eat dinner every day.
I am eating dinner now.

Group II Non-Continuous Verbs


The second group, called "Non-Continuous Verbs," is smaller. These verbs are usually things you cannot
see somebody doing. These verbs are rarely used in continuous tenses. They include:
Abstract Verbs
to be, to want, to cost, to seem, to need, to care, to contain, to owe, to exist...
Possession Verbs

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to possess, to own, to belong...


Emotion Verbs
to like, to love, to hate, to dislike, to fear, to envy, to mind...
Examples:
He is needing help now. Not Correct
He needs help now. Correct
He is wanting a drink now. Not Correct
He wants a drink now. Correct

Group III Mixed Verbs


The third group, called "Mixed Verbs," is the smallest group. These verbs have more than one meaning. In
a way, each meaning is a unique verb. Some meanings behave like "Non-Continuous Verbs," while other
meanings behave like "Normal Verbs."
Mixed Verbs
to appear, to feel, to have, to hear, to look, to see, to weigh...
List of Mixed Verbs with Examples and Definitions:
to appear:
Donna appears confused. Non-Continuous Verb
DONNA

SEEMS CONFUSED .

My favorite singer is appearing at the jazz club tonight. Normal Verb


MY

FAVORITE SINGER IS GIVING A PERFORMANCE AT THE JAZZ CLUB TONIGHT.

to have:
I have a dollar now. Non-Continuous Verb
I POSSESS

A DOLLAR.

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I am having fun now. Normal Verb


I AM

EXPERIENCING FUN NOW.

to hear:
She hears the music. Non-Continuous Verb
SHE

HEARS THE MUSIC WITH HER EARS .

She is hearing voices. Normal Verb


SHE

HEARS SOMETHING OTHERS CANNOT HEAR.

SHE

IS HEARING VOICES IN HER MIND .

to look:
Nancy looks tired. Non-Continuous Verb
SHE

SEEMS TIRED .

Farah is looking at the pictures. Normal Verb


SHE

IS LOOKING WITH HER EYES.

to miss:
John misses Sally. Non-Continuous Verb
HE

IS SAD BECAUSE SHE IS NOT THERE.

Debbie is missing her favorite TV program. Normal Verb


SHE

IS NOT THERE TO SEE HER FAVORITE PROGRAM .

to see:
I see her. Non-Continuous Verb
I SEE

HER WITH MY EYES .

I am seeing the doctor. Normal Verb


I AM

VISITING OR CONSULTING WITH A DOCTOR .

(ALSO USED

WITH DENTIST AND LAWYER.)

I am seeing her. Normal Verb


I AM

HAVING A RELATIONSHIP WITH HER .

He is seeing ghosts at night. Normal Verb


HE

SEES SOMETHING OTHERS CANNOT SEE .

FOR

EXAMPLE GHOSTS, AURA, A VISION OF THE FUTURE, ETC .

to smell:

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The coffee smells good. Non-Continuous Verb


THE

COFFEE HAS A GOOD SMELL.

I am smelling the flowers. Normal Verb


I AM

SNIFFING THE FLOWERS TO SEE WHAT THEIR SMELL IS LIKE.

to taste:
The coffee tastes good. Non-Continuous Verb
THE

COFFEE HAS A GOOD TASTE .

I am tasting the cake. Normal Verb


I AM

TRYING THE CAKE TO SEE WHAT IT TASTES LIKE .

to think:
He thinks the test is easy. Non-Continuous Verb
HE

CONSIDERS THE TEST TO BE EASY.

She is thinking about the question. Normal Verb


SHE

IS PONDERING THE QUESTION , GOING OVER IT IN HER MIND .

to weigh:
The table weighs a lot. Non-Continuous Verb
THE

TABLE IS HEAVY.

She is weighing herself. Normal Verb


SHE

IS DETERMINING HER WEIGHT.

Some Verbs Can Be Especially Confusing:


to be:
Joe is American. Non-Continuous Verb
JOE

IS AN

AMERICAN

CITIZEN .

Joe is being very American. Normal Verb


JOE

IS BEHAVING LIKE A STEREOTYPICAL

AMERICAN.

Joe is being very rude. Normal Verb


JOE

IS BEHAVING VERY RUDELY.

USUALLY

HE IS NOT RUDE.

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Joe is being very formal. Normal Verb


JOE

IS BEHAVING VERY FORMALLY.

USUALLY

HE IS NOT FORMAL.

NOTICE: Only rarely is "to be" used in a continuous form. This is most commonly done when a person is
temporarily behaving badly or stereotypically. It can also be used when someone's behavior is noticeably
different.
to feel:
The massage feels great. Non-Continuous Verb
MASSAGE HAS A PLEASING FEELING.

THE

I don't feel well today. Sometimes used as Non-Continuous Verb


I AM

A LITTLE SICK.

I am not feeling well today. Sometimes used as Normal Verb


I AM

A LITTLE SICK.

NOTICE: The second meaning of "feel" is very flexible and there is no real difference in meaning between "I
don't feel well today" and "I am not feeling well today."

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