[Group Assignment

]

[Assignment:-02]

[Professional Communication]

Unidentified Objects:

Flying

A
created a

lthough sightings of unusual phenomena in the sky have been

reported since ancient times, an extraordinary outburst of such sightings in the late 1940s and over the next two decades sharp scientific controversy, centered in the U.S., which extended around the globe. The term UFO, short for "unidentified flying object," was introduced in 1953 by the U.S. Air Force. An earlier term, "flying saucer," is still widely used in Australia, South A series of radar detections coincident with visual sightings near the National Airport in Washington, D.C., in July, 1952, led the U.S. government to establish a panel of scientists headed by H.P. Robertson, a physicist including of the California engineers, Institute of Technology, and meteorologists, physicists, and an astronomer. The thrust of public and governmental concern was indicated by the fact that the panel was organized America, and Europe, while in the Soviet Union the Russian equivalent of "flying sickle" is used. The term UFO is not restricted to saucer-shaped objects nor even to objects in the sky, and in general refers simply to any sighting the observer could not understand, even though it may have been later identified. History

[Asia pacific Institute of Information Technology, Panipat]

Page 5

[Group Assignment]

[Assignment:-02]

[Professional Communication]

by

the

Central

Intelligence

the

report,

which of 59 polls,

covered UFO and

Agency (CIA) and was briefed on U.S. military activities and intelligence, and that its report was originally classified Secret. Later declassified, the report revealed that 90 percent of UFO sightings could be readily

investigations public-opinion

sightings in detail, analyzed reviewed the capabilities of radar and photography. Condon's own "Conclusions and Recommendations" rejected declared "ETH" that no firmly the further

identified with astronomical and meteorological phenomena (bright planets, meteors, auroras, ion clouds) or with aircraft, birds, balloons, searchlights, hot gases, and other by terrestrial sometimes unusual phenomena, complicated

extraterrestrial hypothesis - and investigation was needed. This left a wide variety of opinions on UFOs. A large fraction of the U.S. public, and a few scientists and engineers, continued to support ETH.

meteorological conditions. A total of 37 scientists wrote chapters or parts of chapters for

Reported UFO Sightings and Events Official Records:

as "identified" with a known astronomical, atmospheric, or artificial phenomenon, or as "unidentified," including cases in which information was insufficient. In 1969, following the Condon report, Project Blue Book was discontinued. The only other official and fairly complete Canada, records where of they UFO were sightings were maintained in

In

1948 the U.S. Air Force

began to maintain a file of UFO reports called “Project Blue Book”. By 1969 the project had recorded reports of 12,618 sightings or events, each of which was ultimately classified

[Asia pacific Institute of Information Technology, Panipat]

Page 5

[Group Assignment]

[Assignment:-02]

[Professional Communication]

transferred in 1968 from the Canadian National Canadian Department Defense National to of the

supervision of Peter Millman, a meteorologist. 1969. The Canadian records totaled about 750 in

Research

Council and placed under the rapid climb toward it; the other two Example of daytime sightings: fighter pilots remained behind and lost radio contact with the first just after he reported that he would climb to 20,000 feet altitude. He had no oxygen equipment and was killed when his plane crashed without further communication half an hour later. The first USAF investigation concluded Louisville, Kentucky, Jan. 7, 1948. that the pilot saw Venus, which was in the direction of his sighting, but later discussion suggests that it was a 100-foot "Skyhook" balloon being tested by the U.S. Navy. (This uncertainty is typical of early UFO identifications, and led to reported a flying saucer to the Godman Air Force Base, where the base commander and several other persons saw the object. A group of four USAF F-51 aircraft arrived at the base and three were directed by the control tower toward the UFO. One pilot saw it and started a Example Sightings: of Night-time greater USAF effort in Blue Book.

At 1:15 pm the State Highway
Patrol,

[Asia pacific Institute of Information Technology, Panipat]

Page 5

[Group Assignment]

[Assignment:-02]

[Professional Communication]

it. They estimated the closest approach to be less than a mile. Authorities concluded that the object was probably a distant meteor.

Examples of radar sightings: Montgomery, Alabama, July 24, 1948, 2:45 am. Colorado Springs, Colorado, May 13, 1967, 3:40 pm.

A

pilot and copilot in the

cockpit of an airline passenger plane at 5,000 feet altitude, en route from Houston to Boston, saw a dull-red on a object collision approaching

The weather was overcast with
scattered rain and sleet showers and gusty winds. As an airliner came in for a landing, the ground radar detected an object beyond it at about twice the range. As the plane landed, the object pulled to the east and passed low over the airport (at 200 feet altitude, about 1.5 miles from the control tower). The tower operators, alerted by the radar operation, saw and heard nothing. The pilot of another aircraft, three miles behind the first, saw nothing when asked to look.

course. During the next ten seconds it veered slightly to the right, passed the plane on the right at high speed, then seemed to pull up, and disappeared in the clouds overhead. One passenger on the right side of the plane glimpsed the bright light as it flashed by. There was no disturbance of the plane. The pilots described the object as cigar-shaped, about 100 feet long, with two rows of lighted windows, a dark blue glow underneath, and a red-orange jet flame about 50 feet long behind

Examples of close encounters or physical evidence:

[Asia pacific Institute of Information Technology, Panipat]

Page 5

[Group Assignment]

[Assignment:-02]

[Professional Communication]

Southern New Hampshire, Sept. 19, 1961, 11 pm to 2 am.

study; and groups in other countries are continuing their studies of UFOs. These studies are of three types:

A

couple returning to Boston

via Lancaster and Concord saw a large disk-shaped object and felt obliged to stop and walk over to it. Their stories, recorded separately under hypnosis by a psychiatrist in Boston in 1964, were consistent and told of their being taken aboard the flying saucer, undressed, and examined by a group of humanoids. Later, psychologists concluded that this widely publicized case was a hallucination by the woman, transmitted to her husband so thoroughly under hypnosis. Counting Activities: that he "remembered" it as real, even 1. Detailed analysis of reported cases similar to the examples cited above, often called "soft data" because they depend on the reliability of witnesses. The goal is to identify new physical phenomena or to confirm the extraterrestrial hypothesis. 2. Systematic collection of "hard data" by networks of cameras, or radar sets or other instruments that cover a broad area nearly 100 percent of the time without the questionable reliability of eyewitnesses. The goal is often associated meteors, atmospheric reports to with auroras, studies or of other

In

accordance

with

the and

phenomena. establish definite

conclusions

3. Statistical studies of past psychological and sociological patterns. The duration of the UFO phenomenon over 20 years-puzzles psychologists

recommendations from the 1969 Condon Report, the U.S. Air Force terminated its Project Blue Book study of UFOs in December 1969. Several groups of American scientists claim, nevertheless, that the UFO phenomenon warrants further

because mass hysteria has never been so long enduring or so widespread.

[Asia pacific Institute of Information Technology, Panipat]

Page 5

[Group Assignment]

[Assignment:-02]

[Professional Communication]

Instrumental developments:

studies:

"all-sky"

camera

networks and TV cameras in

There

are

at

least

two

artificial satellites. Single all-sky cameras, photographing about 80 degrees down from the zenith on all sides, are used for

instrumental developments that can provide hard data for type 2

broad sky-brightness measures but do not have sufficient resolution to detect UFOs. Other optical satellites used for astronomical observations look outward and have a very small chance of detecting small objects. Conclusion:

After

a lot of analysis on the topic, by going through its history to

present; we can say that UFO’s are those unknown things to whom we have not interpreted yet. Many “sightings” which are being later interpreted are no longer UFO. Word Count: - 1,292

References: 1. http://www.labnews.co.uk/cms_images/Image/news/UFO.jpg 2. http://lauramartinez.files.wordpress.com/2007/08/ufos1.jpg
3. http://www.science-explorer.de/bilder/ufo-05.jpg 4. http://msnbcmedia3.msn.com/j/msnbc/Sections/Newsweek/Comp

o
5. http://www.ufopictures.net/details.php?image_id=400 6. http://www.ufopictures.net/details.php?image_id=405

7. http://www.ufoevidence.org/documents/doc1627.htm

[Asia pacific Institute of Information Technology, Panipat]

Page 5

[Group Assignment]

[Assignment:-02]

[Professional Communication]

8. http://www.ufoevidence.org/documents/doc2008.htm 9. http://www.ufoevidence.org/documents/doc602.htm 10. http://www.iiaf.net/stories/warstories/s8.html

[Asia pacific Institute of Information Technology, Panipat]

Page 5

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.