You are on page 1of 5

Giving Heading to a Set of Related Ideas

I.

Learning Objectives

II.

Give heading to a set of related ideas.


List related ideas under a given heading.
Subject Matter
A. Topic:
B. References:
C. Materials:
Value Focus:

III.

Giving a Heading to a Set of Related Ideas


PELC III 4.1.1
picture of pancakes
Being Careful

Procedure
A. Preparatory Activities
Motivation
1. Show a picture of pancakes to pupils.
2. Ask:
What food do you see in the picture? Who among you like
pancakes? Who has cooked pancakes either by himself or with the
help of an elder? Are pancake nutritious and good to our health?
3. Tell the pupils that they are going to read a rhyme but let them guess
what they think the rhyme is all about.
B. Development of the Lesson
Presentation
1. Tell the pupils that they are going to learn some words used in
cooking. (Unlocking of words may be done through the use of the
dictionary, gestures, or by relating them through pupils experiences.)
Ask the pupils to use each word in a sentence.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

mix
stir
pop
fry
toss

to
to
to
to
to

put together
mix by moving around with a spoon or fork
put suddenly
cook in fat
throw upward

2. Present the rhyme and recipe to the pupils.


Pancake Day
Mix a pancake,
Stir a pancake,

Pop it in the pan


Fry the pancake,
Toss the pancake,
Catch it if you can.

How to Prepare Pancakes


To cook pancake, prepare the following ingredients:
1 cup of flour
1 cup of water
1 teaspoon baking powder
cup sugar
tablespoon butter
tablespoon
cooking oil
1 egg
Next, do these steps in cooking:
1. Mix the first six ingredients in a bowl.
Stir the mixture using a fork or an electric mixer.
3. Pop a spoonful of the mixture onto a frying pan
which was previously oiled with cooking oil.
Fry the pancake until both sides are slightly brown
in color.
5. Then toss the cooked pancake into a plate.

2.
4.

3. Let the pupils read the rhyme as a group. Then the boys and girls
read alternately. Call on another pupil to read the recipe.
4. Have pupils answer thru:
a.
b.
c.
d.

What is being described in the rhyme?


What materials do you need in cooking pancake?
What are the steps in cooking pancake?
Why should we follow the steps as directed?

5. Make semantic webs of the recipe presented in the rhyme.


What is the best heading for the group of words in the web?
toss

mix

stir

fry
pop

6. Say: Now, think of a word or words that would give us a general idea
of what the group of words represent. We shall call the general idea
as the heading of the given related ideas.
Ask: What is the best heading for the group of words in the web?
Generalization
Ask: How can you give the correct heading for a set of related ideas?
Values Integration
1. Ask: If you will be given a chance to cook your favorite food, what
should you always remember when cooking? (Practice safety
measures or habits or be very careful in doing the different
procedures.)
2. Ask: What safety habits will you practice whenever you cook?
C. Post Activity
Application
Complete the web by writing the appropriate words.

Ingredients

Reinforcement and Closure


Let the pupils play the game Category Capers.
1.

Present sheets of paper with a group


of words written on them.

2.

Let the pupils give a heading for each


group of words.
Example:
carrots, cabbage, eggplant __________
butter, margarine, yogurt ___________
farming, fishing, teaching ____________

3.

IV.

Post blank sheets on the board.


Written on top of each blank sheet is a heading or category.
4.
Let the pupils list words which they
think would belong to the given heading.
Example:
Sports
_________, __________, _________
Superheroes
_________, __________, _________
Countries
_________, __________, _________
Evaluation
A. Look at the heading in each circle. List three words that would belong in
each circle.
Solids

Liquids

States
of
matter

Gas
B. Match the ideas with their proper headings. Write the letter of the
heading in the blank before the number.
A.
B.
C.
___
___
___
___

Good Physical Exercise


Good Eating Habits
Good Personal Hygiene
1.
2.
3.
4.

Washing hands before eating


Playing outdoor games
Taking a bath every day
Chewing the food well

V.

___ 5. Brushing the teeth every after meal


___ 6. Having a daily exercise
Assignment
Make your own rhyme presenting another recipe. You can change the food to
be cooked or the steps in cooking it but follow the pattern of the rhyme.
Ex. Frying Eggs
Break an egg,
Stir it in a bowl,
Pop it in the pan

Fry the egg,


Toss the egg,
Catch it if you can.