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UNIT 11: CURSO DE ACCESO

perfecto)

PRESENT PERFECT (Pretrito

- Tiempo verbal rico en posibilidades expresivas. (HAVE/HAS + participio)


Puede expresar:
El inicio de una accin en el pasado, los efectos de esa accin en el presente
y la prolongacin de dichos efectos en el futuro.
Ej.: The Bakers have lived in London since they got married.
since 2002/ for four years.
USOS DEL PRESENT PERFECT:
1. Acciones terminadas en un tiempo no determinado. No es importante
reflejar cundo ocurri la accin , solo que ocurri.
He has written a very famous novel.
Mr. Bronson has lost his keys.
2. Para expresar duracin de una accin que comenz en el pasado pero
que se prolonga en el presente.
She has taught English for five years/since 2002.
My friend has not visited his parents for two months/since November.
Paco has lived in England since September/for 5 months.
He has been ill for a week.
He has worked for the bank of England since he got married/for 1
year.
Nobody has locked the door.
3. Para hablar de experiencias que se han vivido. No importa cundo.
I have seen the Niagara falls before.
Have you visited the British museum?
FOR: Usado para decir cunto tiempo dura una accin. Indica DURACIN.
Se puede traducir por : durante / desde hace.
I studied the guitar for three years.
I have studied the guitar for three years. ( I still study the guitar).
I have known her for a long time / for many years.
SINCE: Indica el comienzo de una accin. Punto de partida.
Se traduce por DESDE.
We have lived in London since December/ 1978/last month.
DURING: Se utiliza para decir cundo ocurri una accin, pero no indica
duracin de la misma.
During the war, people were poor and hungry.
During the summer, I went to the swimming pool many times.
AGO: Siempre en Pasado simple . He came back one year ago.
REPASO

THE PRESENT PERFECT

Elige la respuesta correcta:


1. a) The Blakes have lived in London since they got married.
b) The Blakes has lived in London since they got married.
c) The Blakes live in London since they got married.
d) The Blakes have live in London since they got married.
2. a) She has grew vegetables in the back garden since fifteen years.
b) She have grown vegetables in the back garden for fifteen years.
c) She have grown vegetables in the back garden since fifteen years.
d) She has grown vegetables in the back garden for fifteen years.
3.

a) She has seen a very interesting film.


b) She have saw a very interesting film.
c) They have see a very interesting film.
d) They has seen a very interesting film.

4. a) I havent finish my job yet.


b) I havent finished my job already.
c) I havent finished my job yet.
d) I hasnt finished my job yet.
5. a) She has taught Linguistics since ten years.
b) She teaches Linguistics for ten years.
c) She has taught Linguistics for ten years.
d) She has taught Linguistics since ten years ago.
6. a) He works for the Bank of England since he got married.
b) He have worked for the Bank of England since he get married.
c) He has work for the Bank of England for he got married.
d) He has worked for the Bank of England since he got married.
7. a) I havent found the keys yet.
b) I havent find the keys already.
c) I hasnt already found the keys.
d) I havent found yet the keys.
8. a) Have you ever been to Australia?
b) Have you ever been in Australia?
c) Have you never been to Australia?
d) Have you ever be to Australia before?
9. a) I have never studied Greek.
b) I have ever studied Greek.
c) I haven t never studied Greek.
d) I has never studied Greek.
10. a) The postman have just come.
b) The postman has just come.
c) The postman has arrived just
d) The postman has just came.

Fill in the gaps with FOR or SINCE:


1.He has studied Physics __________ 2008.
2.It has been raining _____________ last week.
3.I have met many friends __________ I started my new job.
4._____________ August, my sister has been training in a football team.
5.I have waited for you _________ a long time! You are always late!
PRESENT PERFECT (YET,ALREADY,EVER, NEVER,JUST)

TRANSLATE THESE SENTENCES INTO SPANISH:

1. The film has just finished.


_______________________________________________
2. My sister has already typed the report.
_____________________________________
3. The children have never played tennis at school.
_____________________________
4. My wife hasnt written any letters yet.
_____________________________________
5. Have you stolen the money?
_____________________________________________
6. Have you ever eaten snails?
_____________________________________________
7. That girl hasnt started her homework
yet.__________________________________
8. I have already seen that film.
____________________________________________
9. They have just entered the wood.
_________________________________________
10. They have just found the money.
________________________________________
FILL IN THE GAPS WITH A SUITABLE WORD:
NEVER

EVER

YET

ALREADY

JUST

1. They have ______________ flown in a helicopter.


2. Have you ______________ met a famous film star?
3. The train has _______________ arrived at the railway station.
4. My husband hasnt come back ________________ .
5. Have you typed the report ____________ ?
6. My sister has ______________ been to London. She stayed for two
weeks.
7. Celia hasnt cleared her desk ___________ . It is very untidy.
Complete the sentences with the verbs in brackets. Use the Present
Perfect Simple and fill in the gaps with
YET/JUST/ALREADY/EVER/FOR/SINCE.

1. Alan .................................... (not write) the letter ___________ .

2. We .................................... (shop) for new clothes ________ 2 hours!


When will we go home?
3. She .................................... (not return) from England ___________ .
4. .......................... you __________ .......................... (be) to a concert?
5. I .......................... ___________ .......................... (drink) my coffee.
6. A criminal .................................... (hack) into the banks computer.
The police have been searching for him ____________ Monday.
7. Alex .......................... ___________ .......................... (read) my story a
minute ago.
8. ................ they .................................... ( answer) our question
__________ ?
9. .......................... you .......................... (wait) here __________ 8:00?
10. I .................................... (search) for the key ___________ days!