A Happy Year in Svetlyy Krasnaya Zvezda in Russian 30 Dec 09 by Vladimir Mokhov As we have already said, this crisis year

that is coming to an end was very successful for Tatishchevo Missile Formation under the command of Colonel Aleksandr Deryavko. Based upon its results, Taman Missile Division became the best formation in the RVSN [Strategic Missile Troops], which performs alert duty at fixed basing missile complexes. But 2009 did not pass without a trace for the missile personnel's housing garrison with the attractive name of Svetlyy... The One-Company Missile Town The division is a unique type of city-forming installation for the closed administrative territorial entity (ZATO). They are inconceivable without each other. But if all of the formation's command authorities' efforts were primarily directed at the combat component this year, the Svetlyy Administration's efforts were directed at the social component. The schools, kindergartens, apartment buildings, and boilers are in its sphere of responsibility. And since the problems of the so-called one-company towns, which are practically entirely linked to some or other industry, appeared with all of their urgency in Russia this year, we must say that Svetlyy - is actually that same type of one-company town, only with its own missile slant. Here even an ordinary food store bears the proud name "Topol"... The Division Commander and the Head of Administration: the Two Branches of Garrison Authority In contrast to its civilian "colleagues", the one-company missile town survived this year more or less serenely. No, the impact of the crisis certainly was felt even here (what and how - a bit farther below). But no special cataclysms whatsoever took place, if you don't consider the organizational-staff measures to be such. Everything took its course. Well, and during my temporary duty assignment, I caught the division commander in the office of Aleksandr Lunev - the head of administration of Svetlyy Closed Administrative Territorial Entity Municipal District and, it was easy to figure out, a reserve officer. Together they were discussing some sort of current affairs and were developing the algorithm of the solution of some sort of problems. "We cannot separate the issues of a military and social welfare nature", Colonel Deryavko expressed his opinion on that score. "The interests of combat readiness directly depend on how the servicemen's everyday lives and relaxation are organized, whether they have heat in their homes, and whether their children go to kindergarten and school. An officer - is that same man and we understand why he first and foremost has a headache. So, if there are strong rear services, there will also be high combat readiness!" The commander is certainly correct. Nevertheless, it is conspicuous in the example of Svetlyy that the functional division of duties doesn't simply exist but promotes the fact that each would be involved with his own business. And that we have become accustomed to understand the traditional phrase "the commander is responsible for everything" in such a way that we need to task him, the commander, for leaky roofs, for rotting pipes, and that Vasya Pupkin talked back to Mariya Ivanovna at school. The "division command authorities-ZATO administration" model permits us to set up that management system, when "each person carries his own weight". The main thing is so that this diarchy would not turn out to be a bureaucratic squabble and a trite gripe session. Fortunately, there is not even a hint of that in Svetlyy today. In Colonel Deryavko's words, no changes whatsoever for the worse, just the opposite, have taken place since the transfer of practically the entire garrison social infrastructure to the municipality's balance sheet. The command authorities have obtained the opportunity to focus entirely on combat readiness issues. And the targeted financial infusions into the Closed Administrative Territorial Entity along the federal budget line permitted them to plug many of those holes, for which the Ministry of Defense has chronically not had adequate resources. This year alone, 90 million rubles went to the engineering and social infrastructure, R18 million was spent on the repair of the housing fund, and more than R40 million for the renovation of the boiler and the water intake. The rest was dispersed for major repairs of the school and kindergarten, and also to replace the heating lines. It is simply that none of these projects would have been realized without the targeted money, which is arriving for the Closed Administrative Territorial Entity's needs.

A Garrison-Wide Baby Boom Olga Sedina, the deputy head of administration for social issues, said that the lion's share of the Svetlyy Closed Administrative Territorial Entity's budget goes for education and public health, and it isn't going in vain. Olga Grigoryevna illustrated that using the following examples. "This year", she said, "our children won the oblast championship and the Russia's cup for futzal [indoor soccer] and won the competitions for lokobol [children's soccer]. Our 'Nadezhda' Dance Collective took second place at the Delphic Games, which took place in Saratov, and received the grand prize at the competition, which took place in Dagomys. We have something to be proud of! They Are Successfully Resolving the Demographic Problem in Svetlyy The residents of neighboring villages are goodheartedly envious of how developed the social sphere is in Svetlyy. There are two full-fledged general education schools here, at which more than 1,000 children are learning. Three kindergartens, two of which have been renovated, have been made truly state-of-theart. One other kindergarten is in the renovation phase, upon the completion of which it will scarcely be distinguished from the capital's most advanced children's preschool institutions. The children receive extended education at the children's creativity home, at the music and artistic schools, and at the children-youth sports school (DYuSh). Svetlyy's younger generation totals 2,600 people. That is, a large portion of it - is preschool children. The missile personnel's wives have recently been giving birth at a surprisingly active rate. At the beginning of December, when I was in Svetlyy, they told me that 124 newborns have appeared this year. Their number is certainly even greater right now! The shortage of seats at the kindergartens is actually explained by this circumstance. There are currently 240 young garrison residents, more correctly their parents, on the waiting list. And if previously the question was even raised about the closure of one of the kindergartens due to the decline of the birth rate, now it is time to build a new preschool institution. Indeed, there are few officers' children on the list since the priority was assigned precisely to them already prior to the issuance of the normative-legal act on the priority acceptance of servicemen's children at the kindergartens. "We are doing everything so that the officers would serve in an orderly manner and would be satisfied with their rear services", Olga Sedina said. For Svetlyy ZATO, the entire population of which consists of nearly 13,000 people, the augmentation of nearly 150 newborns is very significant, especially while taking into account that only 102 children were born here in 2008. They didn't get beyond a total of 60-70 newborns approximately 5-6 years ago. But there is such a baby boom here! Perhaps the young mothers with the baby carriages, who are strolling through the garrison, are now Svetlyy's primary sign. But then again, many have begun to give birth to their second or third children. Olga Grigoryevna explains that by the payment of "maternity capital" and by the fact that they have made marvelous children's playgrounds in the residential area. And the main thing is that everyone has a roof over their heads, even if it isn't their own. A new dormitory opened at the ZATO this year, in which they settled 14 junior officers' families. So, should we be surprised that the lieutenants' wives have also become the primary "driving force" of the current baby boom? When people see the real concern of the state and their native commander, they respond to that with deeds and with the desire to serve. The commander cited these figures: the number of officers, who have expressed a desire to extend their contracts with the Ministry of Defense, totals 9598% in the division. Today there is no talk about the massive outflow of officer cadres, which was observed in the 1990s. Right now people are staying in the service. Well and to give birth to children - that is no less important nowadays than to go on alert duty! It is no accident that the garrison is proud of the fact that the ZATO residents' average age has reached 30-32 years of age. That is, Svetlyy is not aging, but getting younger. They need to create conditions for a normal life for the young people. And first of all that concerns jobs. The head of administration reported that the problem of the officers' wives job placement is gradually being resolved. Of course, the status of the one-company missile town does not promote that, but the branch of the Saratov Employment Center that has been organized at the ZATO still helps people to find work both in Svetlyy itself and also in the neighboring rayon center of Tatishchevo and, of course, in

Saratov. Today 53 people are registered at the employment center and they are not losing hope of finding jobs. We Need To Help the Talented People In the words of Svetlyy ZATO Municipal District Head of Administration Aleksandr Lunev, the municipal authorities' primary task - is to create all of the conditions to provide vital services for servicemen's families. Several dozen issues, for which the administration is responsible, are featured in the federal law on local self-rule. And they cannot ignore any of them. The engineering infrastructure requires especially large investments. The division will celebrate its 50th anniversary in two years. The residential buildings at the garrison were built, the pipelines were laid, and the water input was made nearly 50 years ago. These facilities were not touched in the last century. At the same time, the major repair period arrives already after 25-30 years based upon all of the normative documents. The targeted resources that are arriving from the federal budget right now are, putting it mildly, inadequate. They were adequate only to repair the roofs on the apartment buildings and to replace a portion of the heating lines, water pipes, and sewage pipes. This year, R20 million arrived for major repairs of the boiler and just as much money arrived - for the construction of a new water intake. Thanks to that, they are building a new water tower and they are replacing the water tanks. So, as they say, progress has been made. The main thing is so it would not stop now. The shortage of seats at the kindergartens - is not the only problem in Svetlyy. There are also not enough buildings for institutions of extended education - the art school and the children-youth sports school. Leasing floor space for them erodes the ZATO budget by R2 million per year, which they could direct to other purposes. After the recent tragic events in Perm, MChS [Ministry for Affairs of Civil Defense, Emergency Situations, and Elimination of Natural Disasters] representatives are more forcibly compelling the ZATO Administration to deal with the unsatisfactory fire prevention situation of the building, in which the children's art school and children's drama theater are located. Of course, they have installed an automatic fire alarm here, they have built an additional staircase to the second story, and they have fulfilled the firemen's other requirements. But what else can the Administration do if this building was initially of a prefabricated beamless plate structure? Only send letters to the governor and to other levels of authority. Because the crisis "has consumed" the R34 million, which is required for the major renovation of the building and to erect brick walls and install reinforced concrete floors here. They did not allocate it this year, although there is a renovation project. And wouldn't it still be better to build a new building for the children's art school? Really, the nearly 700 children, who are studying here, deserve that, as the school itself deserves that, which is 42 years old this year. But then again, the popular Actor Yevgeniy Mironov studied here at one time. Having visited Svetlyy recently, he walked across the threshold of the art school with an emotional thrill. It is precisely here that he received his music education. Yevgeniy reacted in an especially touching manner to his dancing teacher. So, will an institution, which gives the country such talents, as before really live under the threat of closure? Not to mention already that 40 people will be left without jobs in this case... Actually, one could eliminate many of these problems, having transferred the Russian Army House of Culture building to the municipality. You could accommodate many of these institutions there. But then again, the Ministry of Defense does not oppose that - as we all know, today the military department is actively freeing itself of "non-core assets". The House of Culture building has long been in need of repair but there are not enough resources to do that. The municipality is prepared to take up the resolution of this task. But the matter has ground to a halt because... there is no technical certificate for the building. They also need to pay in order for the BTI [Technical Information Bureau] to prepare it. The military doesn't have money to do that and the civilians have the authority, they are immediately being accused of the non-targeted use of resources. And no one knows how to negotiate this sticky wicket. We also need to assist the athletes. Right now Svetlyy ZATO is attempting to end up in the Federal Program for Soccer Field Infrastructure Development. Still there are more than enough soccer players in the garrison! The garrison itself is unable to undertake this project, approximately R15 million is required to do that. But then again, here they would like to obtain that field at the existing stadium. Otherwise, they will have to make it on the municipal land, which is located between two schools. And there the

dimensions are not adequate and they will have to sacrifice the hockey rink in that case. That is also a problem... The School's Pride Practically all of this year's local school graduates became military school cadets or matriculated in budget-supported positions at Saratov vuzs [higher educational institutions], thanks to the oblast center, with which a regular bus route has been set up, a 40-minute trip. There are also those who matriculated at the higher educational institutions of Moscow, St. Petersburg, Minsk, and Smolensk. But then again, you are already not surprised by that indicator when you learn that over the course of the last three years school students from Svetlyy have been passing the YeGE [Standard State Examination better than everyone else in Saratov Oblast. What is the reason for that? Good teachers, but not only that. At the School Museum ...Svetlyy ZATO Municipal District Middle School No. 2 has existed since 1965. And it already has its own history. Its Director Lyubov Vladimirovna Anikina said that they are rightfully proud of both their teachers and of their graduates here. Among them are - Aleksandr Sudnitsyn, who graduated from the school in 1975. He studied well and was a school standard bearer. Then he matriculated at a military school and graduated with honors. And in 1980, the young lieutenant died in Afghanistan while heroically accomplishing his combat mission. He was posthumously awarded the Order of the Red Star. But his name has not been forgotten. On February 13, 2008, Middle School No. 2's History Museum opened, at which there is a memorial plaque in memory of Aleksandr Sudnitsyn. They delivered this plaque from Vladimir, where his Mother Nina Aleksandrovna Sudnitsyna is living right now. She brought materials to the museum from the family archives. They also managed to find something in the school archives. They are proud of another of their pupils here, whom we already mentioned - Yevgeniy Mironov. They track his creative successes and ardently discuss the premieres with his participation. Incidentally, Yevgeniy himself, on his rare visits to Svetlyy, calls it by its old name - Tatishchevo-5. He only studied here for eight grades. But his character formation, Lyubov Vladimirovna Anikina said with pride, occurred on the school stage at the writing clinic. Well and here they rightfully consider the school production of the same name, in which Zhenya was involved, to be the first rehearsal of the film "Revizor" [Inspector General], in which Yevgeniy Mironov acted brilliantly. The Sequester Snuck Up Imperceptibly... The ZATO's status assumes the gradual resettlement from Svetlyy of individuals, who have lost their ties with the Army. And thanks to the presentation of state housing certificates and the allocation of resources for the acquisition of apartments, in general the resettlement is occurring, indeed, not at such rapid rates as they would like. Like everywhere else, the apartment issue is very urgent in the onecompany missile town. In 2009, they managed to resettle 118 people. Thanks to that, the official housing fund, which the division has, has increased. Unfortunately, it has become very thin in recent years. When they authorized privatization at the garrison, that had to have an impact on the overall housing situation. Of 3,200 apartments, more than 1,500 are already private property. As a result, the official housing found shrunk like pebble leather. That process has been halted today. There is already practically no opportunity to change an apartment's status from official to permanent housing. So, having been released into the reserve, people begin to prepare to move away from Svetlyy. According to the targeted resettlement program, approximately R36 million arrives at the ZATO each year for the acquisition of housing. They have already been working based upon this program for approximately five years. Therefore, the list of reservists for resettlement is gradually dissipating. "There is only one shortage in all of this", the head of administration said, "Based upon both the certificates and the resettlement targeted program, the cost per square meter is very low. Housing is being acquired based upon the state construction price, but each region has its own price. In Saratov Oblast - it is R21,500 per square meter, in Volgograd - R31,500, in Moscow Oblast - R43,000. And it turns out that people primarily want to go the Moscow Suburbs...

These distortions will by no means promote the rapid and painless resolution of the resettlement problem. That is why the officers say that the optimal variant - is a certain average market price per square meter based both upon the certificate and the resettlement targeted program. And it is even better to give reasonable monetary compensation for the leased official housing. If you rent an apartment, you get money for that and you can use it as you wish. Then the opportunity for a housing maneuver will be much broader. And really we have already learned that the financing for the targeted program for resettlement from Svetlyy ZATO will be reduced from R40 million to R15 million in 2010 due to the notorious crisis. How do they accomplish the task for the 100% provision of official housing to officers by 2012 under these conditions? Incidentally, they are sequestering appropriations of up to R28 million from the federal budget for Svetlyy in the New Year... There are 766 officers without apartments in the division itself today. But then again, that does not mean that they are scraping by in strangers' homes. They have provided 466 people with more or less comfortable dormitories. The remaining officers reside in official apartments. Incidentally, many of them have already been released into the reserve but are not counted due to the absence of permanent housing. ...Plus Supplying Motor Vehicles to the Entire Division While walking through the garrison, you see that the people's welfare is still growing. A visible confirmation of that - is that nearly half of the population has acquired motor vehicles. This year alone, Svetlyy residents acquired approximately 400 automobiles. You will agree that this is an impressive figure. But then again, the absolute majority of new automobile owners are active duty officers. Lieutenants, senior lieutenants and captains are not a rarity among them. They don't have to pay for their child's education at a higher educational institution or resolve some sort of other global everyday problems. Therefore, many junior officers prefer to spend their bonuses, which have been received based upon that famous Order No. 400, for their "wheels". (We will talk in more detail about the auto boom at Svetlyy ZATO already in the New Year). It is also very important that a chapel functions at the garrison. When we are only talking about the need to introduce the institution of military clergymen, an orthodox congregation is already active here, at Svetlyy ZATO, where Archpriest Father Gennadiy conducts the service. It was interesting to learn that more than 20 municipal programs, which are dedicated to counterterrorism, welfare, public health, and combating crime, exist in this one-company town. Maybe that is why there is practically no crime at the garrison, although the matter here is certainly something else. It is simply that primarily happy people live in Svetlyy, that is, decent people, who are accustomed to normal human coexistence. They love their garrison very much. They nourish and cherish it. They say that you mandatorily need to visit here during the summer when everything around here is in bloom and fragrant... But then again, there is something to see here year-round. Well This Is "Forsazh"! "Forsazh" Adolescent Center Director Vladimir Bachkin is among that category of people who, if they undertake something, then they turn it, as they say, into a real masterpiece. "Forsazh" is a municipal institution of children's extended education, just like the music or art school. Its specialization - is technical types of sport: Go-carting; motor vehicle touring; aircraft, rocket and ship modeling; tourism; and, orienteering. More than 100 of the center's children learn not to drink beer in gateways and are involved with intelligent and fun things to do. Vladimir Vladimirovich said that the center was also created first of all in order to attract so-called troubled youth here. Today there are young people here from the so-called social risk groups, who have militia records, but then again, officers' children. Not all of the fathers, who spend days at a time on alert duty, can reach out to their own offspring... "Forsazh" Center Director Vladimir Bachkin In this regard, the director recalls his pupil Dima G., who was sent to "Forsazh" Center by the commission on adolescent matters after committing a robbery. He was involved here until he was drafted into the Army, he did not commit another single violation of the law, and he turned out to be a good go-

cart athlete from a former juvenile criminal. Dima repeatedly participated in oblast competitions. Having completed his compulsory service as a border guard on Ostrov Russkiy, he stayed on contract service. And Vladimir Vladimirovich recently learned that Dmitriy is serving in the Penza OMON [Special Purpose Militia Detachment]. In general, centers like "Forsazh" are simply needed for such army one-company towns like Svetlyy, in order to engage adolescents and assist their parents in raising them. Really, as a rule, school engages them only in the morning and later they are frequently left to their own devices. And if you take the holidays, weekends, and vacations? Here the entire hope is only on these extended education institutions, which serve precisely in order to get young people involved. So the most intense days here are Saturdays and Sundays. A separate schedule operates on holidays and vacations, which involves the young people in planned activities and at various out-of-school activities. The main thing is that vocational guidance occurs at the center and a love for some or other profession is established. It is no accident that many "Forsazh" graduates - are current drivers both at the missile division and also outside it - militia or GAI [State Vehicle Inspection] employees. The Center is financed from the local budget. And financing is normal, judging by the fact that Vladimir Vladimirovich did not complain about a shortage of money. The training facilities are gradually being improved. There are more than 20 sport and training motorcycles here and just as many sports go-carts. There are some good machine tools, bench tools, and welding equipment, in short, everything, through the use of which you can make normal men out of these boys. Furthermore, a military-sports camp operates every summer based upon the "Forsazh" Center. For three weeks, the seniors grasp the basics of army service on a bare field. To do that, there are tents, equipment, sporting equipment, and training and pneumatic weapons. The "Forsazh" representatives do not miss any go-cart competitions of the oblast or city scale and regularly win prizes at them. The cups, certificates and diplomas, which are displayed for general viewing, graphically attest to that. Automobile touring is not being cultivated in Saratov Oblast but the "Forsazh" members have been participating in the All-Russia "Road-Caravan" Rally for more than 10 years now, which is conducted on the border of Astrakhan Oblast and Kazakhstan. The adolescents cover a route of a high category of difficulty - that is 600-800 kilometers on sand dunes - on a par with the experienced automobile tourists. Technical types of sports - are an expensive luxury. But Vladimir Bachkin is correct, while talking about the fact that there is a category of adolescents, who will never go to music or art school. And well they like to poke around in the iron and turn on the afterburner. Or assemble these outlandish contraptions from discarded automobile and motorcycle parts and components, which should be displayed at an exhibition. Today they are displayed in front of the "Forsazh" Center's entrance. They took two whole years to make an equestrian on a horse. And when they had completed it, Bashkir acquaintances thanked Vladimir Vladimirovich because what they had cast turned out to be... Salavat Yulayev. They titled a second design "The Taming of a Steel Wild Animal" - in honor of those students, who can tinker with the repair of motorcycles for days on end. All of what we have enumerated is enough in order to tip our hats to Vladimir Vladimirovich. But when he led me to his favorite brainchild - the school museum of the combat glory of the military driver - I simply gasped because real motor vehicle rarities were on display here. "This topic is very close to us", Bachkin said. "We also have a few drivers. Therefore, the young men and I decided to look for and restore surviving Great Patriotic War-era military vehicles. They were involved with that for six years and this public museum opened in 2005 in honor of the 60th Anniversary of the Great Victory. The ZATO Administration built a special hanger for it and helped to acquire some exhibits and to make the windows. They made all of the rest with their own hands. I think that even "professional" museums can be envious of the exhibits which are displayed at this public museum. There is also a famous "Willys" here, which was supplied to us based upon the LendLease Treaty. They found it in Saratov Oblast with some hunters. When they bought back this miracle of a vehicle, it was disassembled and wrecked. They had repeatedly modified it in its past life and lengthened it, and transported hunting dogs in the compartment which they had installed in the rear.

Later the vehicle's owner raced under a gas pipeline and its entire upper surface was carried away. But they restored the motor vehicle practically to its initial form. There is a GAZ-76B. This was the first Soviet "jeep", which they called the "Ivan-Willys". Although Vladimir Vladimirovich doesn't understand how it is different from the "Willys". "Maybe only the drive diagram", he said. "But that is absolutely ours, Russian. I like it very much..." There is a GAZ-M1, the "Emochka", which was manufactured from the beginning of the 1930s and continued during the entire war. This light motor vehicle, incidentally, was not only a staff and a liaison vehicle but also a journalist vehicle during the Great Patriotic War. They sing about it in the famous military correspondents' song. There is a GAZ-AA, the famous one-and-a-half-ton truck. They also collected the parts and assemblies for it from throughout the oblast. They purchased the frame from a rural resident, who wanted to make a tractor. They found the engine at the gas compressor station. Division representatives transported the wheels from Moscow. They made the cab themselves. But then again, practically all of the internal components are "native" not only for this vehicle but also for the majority of the other exhibits. And it is all the more surprising that all of the vehicles are operational. Let's have a parade right now! There is an "M-72" heavy army motorcycle, which was used as a reconnaissance patrol unit. Bachkin says that these motorcycles proved themselves in the Battle for Moscow. At that time, they mobilized all of motorcyclists, who had the slightest bit of knowledge, gave them these Society for Assistance to the Army, Air Force and Navy motorcycles and created motorized subunits from them, which "flew" along the forest glades, while inflicting damage to the enemy. There is the SMZ-S-3A motorized wheelchair, which they especially developed for Great Patriotic War disabled persons through a decree of the party and government. So its presence at the museum is entirely substantiated. They manufactured the motorized wheelchair at Serpukhov Motorcycle Plant right up until the beginning of the 1960s. And they found it in the family of a deceased disabled war veteran in such a state that there was literally not a sharp spot on it. Now they complain that they didn't photograph it at that time... Vladimir Vladimirovich knows very well not only the equipment but also the history. And he himself frequently performs the role of a tour guide. And they bring children from schools and kindergartens here for tours, think, from the entire rayon. They even arrive from Saratov in vehicles and on electric trains. They also bring soldiers-new recruits here. Governors, generals, and ballistic missile designers have already been here. They mandatorily bring all of the honored guests, who come to Svetlyy, here. Still not every division and not every ZATO can boast of such a museum. And here it is very important that they meet Bachkin halfway on everything. They don't consider his brainchild to be a "non-core asset" because it operates for the common good. Although, in the beginning, few people believed that something useful would come of this undertaking. The museum doesn't yield any material dividends whatsoever, only moral dividends, for Vladimir Vladimirovich. But he likes being involved with all of this. "First of all, it is interesting", he said. "And, second, I would like for all of this to remain at our museum and at our garrison for time immemorial". God grant that it would be like that. And the fact is that really many public museums end very sadly in Russia. As soon as something happens to those people who maintain it, then everything is pilfered and taken to dachas and private collections. You don't need to go far. There was a unique regional studies museum here, in the Village of Vyazovka, Tatishchevo Rayon, which one captivating man had assembled. At one time, he asked that space in the rayon center be allocated for his museum. But they allocated space at some remote forestry enterprise in that same Vyazovka. And in the "feverish" 1990s, as soon as the regional studies expert died unexpectedly, they immediately looted the unique collections of icons, weapons, and ancient books... But then again, there is a reason why they call it the "Forsazh" Center. They intend to develop their own museum here and the next exposition will be dedicated already to army motor vehicle transportation of the 1950s-1960s, including to those vehicles, which participated in the settling of the Virgin Lands. We can provide the appropriate contacts to all of those people who are prepared to assist in this superb undertaking. We request only that various sinister characters not bother. There is nothing for them to do in Svetlyy.

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