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Climate Change: Vital Signs of the Planet: Earth Day quiz: Our world, other worlds

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QUESTIONS
Eyes on the Earth

Test your knowledge of how Earth is different from other


planets.
Quiz: Carbon and the
climate

1. Earth is called a
'Goldilocks planet' because:
A. Its distance from the sun is 'just right'
for life.
B. It has bears on it.
C. Scientists don't refer to Earth this way.

Graphic: Measuring
carbon dioxide from
space

2. Mars once had running


water that carved canyons
and other features into its
surface. What happened to
the water?
A. Mars is too far from the sun and cold to
sustain water.
B. Marsquakes caused all the water to
seep into cracks in the crust.
C. An asteroid clobbered Mars and
vaporized the water.
D. Most of Mars' atmosphere and water
evaporated.

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12/13/2014

Climate Change: Vital Signs of the Planet: Earth Day quiz: Our world, other worlds

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3. Earth isn't the only body in


the solar system with rivers
and lakes. Which other world
has similar features?
A. Mercury (liquid lead)
B. Saturn's moon Titan (liquid methane)
C. Saturn (liquid oxygen)
D. Neptune's moon Triton (liquid
ammonia)

4. Earth and Venus are rocky


planets of about the same
size, but Earth's average
surface temperature is about
59 F, while Venus' is 1350 F,
hot enough to melt lead or
aluminum. Why the
difference?
A. Venus has a stronger greenhouse
effect than Earth's.
B. Venus is made of denser rock than
Earth.
C. Earth is more geologically active than
Venus.
D. Ice caps and oceans on Earth absorb
energy from the atmosphere.

5. Which circumstance could


end life on Earth?

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Climate Change: Vital Signs of the Planet: Earth Day quiz: Our world, other worlds

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A. The sun continues to heat up. In a


billion years, Earth gets too hot, oceans
evaporate, carbon dioxide disappears,
plant life dies out.
B. A massive asteroid smashes into
Earth, vaporizing vast swaths of the
surface and permanently changing the
atmosphere.
C. Both of the above.
D. None of the above.

6. Earth's magnetic field


shields us from solar wind
and helps hold onto
atmosphere and water. To
what do we owe this invisible
protector?
A. The aurora borealis.
B. Plate tectonics.
C. Earth's circulating liquid metal core.
D. All of the above

7. Earth is the only body in


the solar system thought to
have oceans of liquid water.
A. True
B. False

8. Earth is smack in the


middle of the 'habitable zone'

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Climate Change: Vital Signs of the Planet: Earth Day quiz: Our world, other worlds

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around the sun, where


temperatures are right for
liquid water to exist.
A. True
B. False

9. Exoplanets that have lots


of volcanic activity and exist
in systems with lots of
asteroids are bad prospects
for looking for extraterrestrial
life.
A. True
B. False

10. Small, Earth-size planets


are common in the galaxy.
A. True
B. False

ANSWERS
1. A. Goldilocks planet falls within a star's habitable
zone and is neither too close nor too far from a star
to rule out liquid water on its surface, and thus life.
2. D. Most of Mars's atmosphere and water evaporated.
3. B. Saturn's moon Titan (liquid methane)
4. A. Venus's atmosphere is almost all heat-trapping
carbon dioxide.

http://climate.nasa.gov/earth-day-quiz/

12/13/2014

Climate Change: Vital Signs of the Planet: Earth Day quiz: Our world, other worlds

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5. C. Scientists believe the first scenario is a certainty


and the second just a matter of time.
6. C. The magnetic field is essential for life and a
defining characteristic of Earth.
7. False. Scientists think Jupiter's moon Europa has an
ocean of liquid water under its icy surface.
8. False. The habitable zone around the sun extends
roughly from Venus to Mars. Earth is relatively close
to the inner (warm) edge, not the middle.
9. False. Volcanoes push out water vapor and other
chemicals that help make a life-sustaining
atmosphere, and icy asteroids and comets may have
helped bring water to Earth's surface when it was
forming.
10. True. The Kepler satellite mission found that small
planets are the most common in the galaxy. Small
planets are more likely to have a 'rocky' (solid)
surface, which is conducive to life at least as we
know it.

This website is produced by the Earth Science Communications Team at

NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory | California Institute of Technology


Site Manager: Randal Jackson
Senior Science Editor: Amber Jenkins
Site Editor: Holly Shaftel

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12/13/2014

Climate Change: Vital Signs of the Planet: Earth Day quiz: Our world, other worlds

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http://climate.nasa.gov/earth-day-quiz/

12/13/2014