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Test # 2 Gravitation Level Medium

M.M. 48

Time 2 hr.

Expected Marks - 30
Q1. Derive the following (any three)
(a) Keplers 3rd law from Newton law of gravitation
(b) Variation of g due to latitude
(c) Gravitational potential energy
Q2. Define the following:
(a) Keplers 2nd law of planetary motion
(b) Universal gravitational constant
(c) Gravitational potential
Q3. If earth were to shrink to 2% of its present radius keeping density same; by what
percentage would the value of g be affected?
Q4. Imagine a light planet revolving around a very massive star in circular orbit of
radius R with a period of revolution T. If the gravitation force of attraction between
planet and star is proportional to R5/2, then find the relation between T and R. (2)
Q5. Two bodies separated by certain distance in air attract each other with a
gravitational force of F. If the whole system is immersed in water; how will the force
between the two bodies be affected; if distance is kept unchanged?
Q6. Two identical copper spheres of radius R are in contact with each other. If the
gravitational attraction between them is F, show that F is proportional to fourth power
of R.
Q7. A solid sphere of uniform density and radius R
applies a gravitational force of F on a particle placed at
a distance 2R from the centre of sphere; where R is the
radius of sphere. A spherical cavity of radius R/2 is
made in the sphere as shown. Find the new force on the
particle due to the remaining sphere.

Q8. A mass M is broken into two parts of masses m1
and m2. Find the two masses so that the force between
them for the same distance is maximum.
Q9. To what depth below the earths surface should a body be taken so that its
acceleration due to gravity decreases to 36%?
Q10. With what angular speed should earth rotate about its axis; if the bodies at the
equator should become weightless?
Q11. Draw graph showing variation of acceleration due to gravity with distance from
centre of earth.
Q12. Answer the following
(a) An astronaut releases a spoon out of the satellite into the space. Will the spoon
reach the earth?
(b) If an earth satellite moves to a lower orbit there is some dissipation of energy,
and yet its speed increases? Explain.
Q13. Why moon does not have any atmosphere?
Q14. The escape velocity for a satellite is 11.2 km/s. If the satellite is launched at an
angle of 600 with the vertical; what will be the escape velocity?
Q15. Three equal masses m are placed along the vertices of an equilateral triangle of
side 2a. What will be the work done in transferring all the particles to a new equilateral
triangle of side a?
Q16. A body of mass m is shifted from surface of earth to a height 7R. What is the
change in potential energy of the body if acceleration due to gravity at surface is g? (2)

Prepared By: Er. Veenus Girdhar

Q17. Show that moon will depart for ever if its speed were increased by approximately
42 %.
Q18. A projectile is fired vertically upwards with a velocity kve where ve is the escape
velocity and k < 1. Neglecting air resistance show that the maximum height to which it
will rise measured from the centre of earth is
; where R is the radius of earth. (3)
1 k 2
Q19. The radius of a planet is double than that of the earth but their average densities
is the same. If the escape velocities at the planet and the earth are vp and ve
respectively; then prove that vp = 2ve.

End of Test
All the best

Prepared By: Er. Veenus Girdhar