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hollow camshaft.

A Camshaft can be called heart of an internal Good

exhaust valves. But, this particular camshaft, when inspected Good
particular camshaft, when inspected have some problem in it, Good
problem in it, which affect its performance. Due to this Good
this problem, its supplier gets high rejection from its Good
manufacturer (OEM). This problem increases the rework and rejection Good
manufacturing cost. Design of Experiment (DOE), which is a statistical Good
statistical technique, is used as a tool to solve such problems. Good
such problems. Initially factors like ambient temperature, Good
ambient temperature, pouring temperature (Tp), cooling time (t), Existing
cooling time (t), shake-out temperature (Ts), and mould weight Good
significant effect. Mini-Tab is used for statistical analysis Good
Keywords: Hollow Camshaft, Original Equipment Manufacturer,Good
solving approach, could be applied in any industry and used Good
type of problems. Problems that cannot be solved by traditional Good
solved by DOE. Design of Experiments give best results Good
of a process, system, design etc. Statics process control Good
being controlled, the right target is known and the tolerance Good
tolerance is correct. The process gives information that leads Good
statistical method. Experimental design is an active statistical Good
statistical method, in which information is extracted for process Good
on the process, changes made in the input and observations Existing
Experiments (SDE), the idea is to minimize cost and efforts Good
about a process. Design of experiments (DoE) is one of the Good
in a process, the effect of each factor on the outcome, Good
on the outcome, the variance in the process, troubleshooting Existing (Sep 8, 20
machine problems, screening the parameters, and modelling Existing (Sep 8, 2005)
competitive worldwide. It s also possible to study the effect of Existing (Aug 18,
variables at one time, and to study inter-relationships and interactions Existin
g (Aug 18, 2014)
performed experiments. This paper proposes a strategy to apply Existing (Aug 18,
casting process. Even in a completely controlled process, Good
controlled process, defects in casting are observed and hence Existing (Jul 15,
casting defects. Casting defects analysis is the process Good
casting yield. [Uday Dabade, 2013]Good
the 1920 s by R. A. Fisher who sought to identify optimum Good
processing variables. While Fisher s work considered an experimental Good
research in England, the technique is presently being used by Good
defect-free components. Among the various experimental design techniques, Good
design techniques, factorial design is probably the most powerful Good
industrial problems, primarily because it generates unambiguous Good
periods of time. This technique can be adapted for optimizing Good
manufacturing processes. A factorial experiment is one which all Good
experiment [Dr. Lim Teow Ek, 2005].Good
randomization, replication and blocking. Good
The flow chart for this parameter selection processGood
inspection lab. Tolerance limit of run-out for this camshaft Good
between 1mm and 2mm, they do counter bending. But if run-out Good
were rejected. Due to this quality problem manufacturer Good
from its OEM. For quality purpose quality department inspect Good
more than 2mm, that casting were rejected and no rework Good
casting defect, happens when liquid metal is leaks out of Good
mould or flask. When see it s appear like a bend on the Good
Design of camshaft having run-out problemExisting

in any field, understanding of process is first and most Good

important phase, because effectiveness of DoE is depends Good
choose factors. If, chosen factors were wrong DoE never Good
optimum results. For selecting correct factors first understanding Good
finished cam-shafts. The complete process of camshaft casting Existing
Flow sequence for production process of cam-shaftGood
is necessary. And after understanding the complete processes Good
Mould Weight, Investment time, poring time, poring temperature, Good
poring temperature, cooling time, shakeout temperature, ambient Good
shakeout temperature, ambient temperature. Good
of experiment. The success of DoE is depends only on how Good
levels are chosen. For analysis of this data Minitab is used Good
difference (Tp-Ts), cooling time (t) and mould weight (w) are Good
shown in figure. Here, it is clearly visible that most significant Good
mould weight, temperature difference and cooling time.Good
Scatter plot b/w R/o at Good
C5 vs Mould Wt. Good
Scatter plot b/w R/o at C4-C5 vs Pt-St Good
Scattered plots b/w R/o at C4-C5 Check In Detail
and cooling time Good
Mould weight (w), cooling time (t) and difference between Existing (Feb 5, 2005)
are shown above. These graphs shows difference between poring Good
shake-out temperature, mould weight and cooling time could have Good
Table Showing P-value and Pearson coefficientsGood
p-value Pearson Coefficient
p-value PearsonGood
0.008 -0.36 0.14
0.018 -0.24 0.03
0.746 0.043 0.61Good