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Our Sincer e Thanks t o t he f ollowing f or t heir cont r ibut ions t o t his ebook:
I mages cont r ibut ion:
♦ Ramanuj a Daasar gal at www.pbase.com/ svami
♦ Sr i Mur ali Bat t ar of Sr ir angam, www.sr ir angapankaj am.com
Sour ce document compilat ion:
♦ Sr i Anil
♦ Smt . Kr ishnapr iya
Sanskr it / Tamil Text assembly:
♦ Mannar gudi Sr i Sr inivasan Nar ayanan
eBook assembly:
♦ Smt . Gayat hr i Sr idhar
♦ Smt . J ayashr ee Mur alidhar an
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Par t I
Veda Pur ushan Sr i Ranganat han 1
Sr i Ranganat ha as Saama Veda Svar Upi 3
Sr i Ranganat ha as Yaj ur Veda Svar Upi: 15
Sr i Ranganat ha as Rg Veda Svar Upi 29
Sr i Ranganat ha as At har va Veda Svar Upi 40
Par t I I
Sr i Ranganat ha and Upanishads 63










C O N T E N T S
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namper umAL wit h nAchchimAr s at Sr i Rangam




1






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2




One can visualize t he Pr aNavAkAr a vimanam t o have 18 unit s : f our Kalasams,
each one st anding f or one of t he Vedams, t he Vimanam, Sr i Ranganat ha, Sr i
Ranganayaki and eleven AzhwAr s who blessed us wit h 245 paasur ams.
(Pic.Cour t esy : r amAnuj a dAsar gaL at pbase.com/ svami)


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3

~l-
SS SRI RI RI RR RANGANATHA ANGANATHA ANGANATHA AS AS AS SS SAAMA AAMA AAMA VV VEDA EDA EDA SS SVAR VAR VARUU UPI PI PI
adiyEn will select illust r at ive ver ses t hat come close t o Azhwaar ’s anubhavams.
SS SAAMAN AAMAN AAMAN 1 1 1
EE ECHO CHO CHO OF OF OF TT THIRUVIRUTTHAM HIRUVIRUTTHAM HIRUVIRUTTHAM PP PAASURAM AASURAM AASURAM
I n t he f ir st paasur am of Thir uvir ut t ham, NammAzhwar begs t he Lor d of Gods,
Sr iman nAr AyaNaa t o list en t o his appeal:
;AmEyaaf t^lva ! emyf ni[f B Ekdf dRqayf , `FEy[f
ecyf y< mf vi]f ]pfpEm
imayOr t alaivA! Mey ninRu kEt t ar uLAi, adiyEn seyyum viNNappamE
I n t he AgnEya kaaNdam (Hl¹+ 4 Tl'7P ) of Saama vedam (Decad I I I .29) a
similar appeal is made t o t he Lor d t o hear well t he appeal t hat is made by t he
devot ee:
6 t4l ¬l 94+l |¬¹l =|+U7¹+ H|ñ¹-·
B 9l4T ~ ¤l r4P +
t amm t vA gOpavanO gir A j anishThadagnE angir a: |
sA paavaka Sr udhee havam | |
M EA NING :
O Sr iman nAr AyaNaa, who is inside agni and gives it it s power t o bur n t hings!
adiyEn as a devot ee of your s is cont r olling my or gans (Br ahmachar yam) and
speech and I am eulogizing you wit h r ever ence. O Splendor ous Lor d (Svayam
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4
J yot hi), O banisher of t he sin of avidhyA! Please hear est Thou my invocat ion!
(I n AgnEya Kaandam, t he r ef er ence t o agni st ands f or t he power behind agni,
Sr iman nAr AyaNaa).

"Please! Hear Thou my eulogies!"
Shr i. V.SaThakOpan SwAmi on Panguni Ut hir am day
at
Shr i RanganAt hA Temple, Pomona, New Yor k






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SS SAAMAN AAMAN AAMAN 2 2 2
PP PROTECTION ROTECTION ROTECTION THROUGH THROUGH THROUGH VV VEDA EDA EDA ADHYAYANAM ADHYAYANAM ADHYAYANAM
9l|r +l H¹+ 9T4l 9lG6 |ã6l44l·
9l|r ¬l|¬ |F6B |¬-=l 96 9l|r ¬6B |¬4 Bl +
paahi nO agna yEkayA paahyat a dvit eeyayaa |
paahi geer bhist isr ubhir Ur j Am pat E paahi cat asr ubhir vasO | |
- - AgnEya KaaNdam I V. 36
M EA NING :
O Lor d! Pr ot ect us by One Vedam
(Rg); Pr ot ect us by t he Second
(Yaj ur ); Pr ot ect us by t he t hr ee
VedAs (Rg, Yaj ur and Saama). O
VishNu! O Lor d who per vades all
t he chEt hanams and achEt hanams!
O Sar vant har yAmi ! O Power
behind all power s! Pr ot ect us by all
of Your f our VedAs (Rg, Yaj ur ,
Saama and at har va). All t he f our
kalasams of t he Pr aNavAkr ut hi
VimAnam ar e coming int o our
f ocus as we hear t his Saaman.

"You Pr ot ect chet anAchet anams"
Sr i Rangam gOr at ham
Pic. Cour t esy :Sr i.Mur aLi BhaTTar
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6
SS SAAMAN AAMAN AAMAN 33 3
TT TATTVA ATTVA ATTVA TRAYAM TRAYAM TRAYAM
The t hr ee t at t vams --ChEt hanam, achEt hanam and I svar an -- ar e hint ed by
t he f ollowing AgnEya Saaman:
Tl4Pl+l 4+l t4 4-Pl6 ¹=¬¬9-·
+ 6¬ H¹+ 9P 9 |+46 + 4² ¹ B|¬rl¬ 4-+
kAyamAnO vanA t vam yanmAt r ur aj agannapa: |
na t at t E agnE pr amr ushE nivar t anam yad dUr E sannihAbhuva: | |
- - - AgnEya Kaandam V. 53
M EA NING :
O Lor d, who plans in Your Yoga Nidhr A t he cr eat ion of your wor lds f or your
enj oyment (BhOga mandalam)! As you cont r ol t he minut est of t he minut e par t
of t he mot her Mat t er , we f ail t o compr ehend t he enor mit y and signif icance of
Thy inscr ut able leelA! Thou cr eat e t he Univer se, while being a supr eme
Tat t vam dist inct ly apar t f r om t he chet hanams and achEt hanams and t hen you
ent er t hem.





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SS SAAMAN AAMAN AAMAN 44 4
KK KING ING ING OF OF OF AA ALL LL LL AND AND AND GG GUEST UEST UEST OF OF OF MM MEN EN EN
P ¤l + |74l H¹|6 9 |¤-4l 4 Hl+¹P 6 Hl =l6P|PP ·
T|4‡ BBl=P|6|¤ =+l+lPlB¬l- 9l× =+4-6 7 4l-+
mUr dhAnam divO ar at im pr ut hivyA
vaisvAnar amr ut a aa j At amagnim |
kavigum samr Aj amat it him j anAnAmAsanna:
pAt r am j anayant a dEvA: | |
- - - - AgnEya kaandam VI I . 67
M EA NING :
The t r uly lear ned r ecognize and speak of t he Lor d as t he Head of Heaven, t he
emper or of t he ear t h, t he ant har yAmi of all chEt hanams and achEt hanams,
Omnipr esent , Omniscient , t he King of all, t he compassionat e guest of men and
t he t op of it all, t he One wor t hy of adulat ion.

"King of All"
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8
SS SAAMAN AAMAN AAMAN 55 5
AINDRA AINDRA AINDRA KAANDAM KAANDAM KAANDAM BB BHAGAVATHA HAGAVATHA HAGAVATHA GG GHOSHTI HOSHTI HOSHTI’’ ’SS S GG GLORY LORY LORY
(9 -ã Tl'7P )
4¤l ¬l ¹l H9l T 6 6 !4¬ t44 |¹TP ·
Hl|9t4 +- 9|9t4 6 4Pl ¬|r T'4 9 B B¬l |94+
yat haa gour O apA kr ut am t r ushyannEt yavEr iNam |
aapit vE na: pr apit vE t UyamA gahi kaNvEshu su sacA piba | |
- - - aindr a kaandam VI . 252
M EA NING :
J ust as deser t deer r avishing f r om t hir st hur r ies t owar ds t he wat er of t he
pool in t he oasis, so should You, t he Supr eme soul acquir ing t he f r iendship of
us (bhagavat hAs), awaken quickly f r om your debilit at ing slumber and enj oy wit h
us t he divine gr ace.
The spir it of t his Saaman is similar t o Per iyAzhwAr ’s pallAndu invoking
Bhagavat hAs t o come t oget her t o celebr at e t he glor ies of Sr iman nAr AyaNaa:
"DniltftiliDvt[f M[f[mf vnf T 'gf kqfKzamf p<Knf T
PDm[MAdyI afkqf vrmfepazi vnf etalf^lkf PDmiE[a
yEdu nilat ht iliduvat han munnam vant hengaL kuzhAm puhunt hu
koodu manamudayeer kal var am pozhi vant hollaikkUdiminO


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SS SAAMAN AAMAN AAMAN 6 6 6
FF FIRST IRST IRST OF OF OF THE THE THE TEN TEN TEN MAHAA MAHAA MAHAA NAAMNYAARCHIKA NAAMNYAARCHIKA NAAMNYAARCHIKA SAAMANS SAAMANS SAAMANS
(Prl+l¹-4 Hl|¬ T BlP+ )
|47l P¤4+ |47l ¬l6 P+ H‡|B9l |7H-·
|H¬l H¬l+l 96 9 4l Tl 9 -4Bl +
vidA magavann vidaa gaat umanusagum sishO disa: |
sikshA SaceenAm pat E pUr veeNAm pur UvasO | |
M EA NING :
O Lor d! Thou ar t all-knowing! Bless us wit h t r ue wisdom and guide us on t he
r ight pat h t owar ds you! Teach us how t o r each t hat supr eme goal. O
Omnipot ent Lor d! Teach us wit h pat ience your divine laws!







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SS SAAMAN AAMAN AAMAN 77 7
SS SESHA ESHA ESHA -- - SS SESHI ESHI ESHI RR RELATION ELATION ELATION (( (UTTARAARCHIKA UTTARAARCHIKA UTTARAARCHIKA -- - SS SAAMAN AAMAN AAMAN)) )
(7¬¹ Hl|¬T BlP+)
94Pl+F4 6 44 9|4×P-4 -76-·
B|Gt4Pl 4 TlPr +
pavamAnasya t E vayam pavit r amabhyundat a: |
sakhit vamA vr uNeemahE | |
M EA NING :
O Lor d, t he pur est of t he pur e! Thou f ill t he cavit ies of my hear t wit h
over power ing love f or you. We st r ive t o win Thy f r iendship and love.

bhAgavat hALs eulogizing Per umAL at Sr i Rangam
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SS SAAMAN AAMAN AAMAN 88 8
TT TAMIZH AMIZH AMIZH MA MA MARR RAI AI AI SEYTHA SEYTHA SEYTHA MAA MAA MAARR RAN AN AN (N (N (NAMMAAZHWAAR AMMAAZHWAAR AMMAAZHWAAR)) )
I n t his ut t ar Ar chika Saaman, “pavamAnA asr ukshat a sOmA:sukr Asa indava:,
abhi visvAni kAvyA”, t he pur e, noble and t r anquil Yogis ar e descr ibed as
visualizing all t he Veda mant hr ams . NammAzhwAr sit t ing under t he shade of
t he VimAnam of Aadhi nAt han of Kur uhUr visualized t he Sanskr it ic Veda
mant hr ams and t r ansf or med t hem int o t he FOUR Ver nacular pr abhandhams
(Thir uvir ut t ham, Thir uvAsir iyam, Per iya Thir uvandhAt hi and Thir uvaimozhi).

NammAzhwAr - Sr i Rangam
Pic. Cour t esy : Sr i Mur aLi BhaTTar
www.sr ir angapankaj am.com
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12



Namper umAL in gO Rat ham
Panguni Ut hir am -Sr i Rangam
Pic. Cour t esy : Sr i.Mur aLi BhaTTar
www.sr ir angapankaj am.com
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SS SAAMAN AAMAN AAMAN 99 9
TT THE HE HE LAST LAST LAST VV VERSE ERSE ERSE OF OF OF SS SAAMA AAMA AAMA VV VEDAM EDAM EDAM
F4|F6 + ²-ãl 4 &~4l- F4|F6 + 9 9l |4H4 7l-·
F4|F6 +F6l÷4l H|¹7+ |P- F4|F6 +l 4 rF9|67 ¤l6 +
F4|F6 +l 4 rF9|67 ¤l6 +
svast i na indr O vr iddhaSr avA : savst i na pUshA visvavEdA: |
savast i nast Ar kshyO ar ishTanEmi: svast i nO br uhaspat ir dadhAt u | |
svast i nO br uhaspat ir dadhAt u | |
M EA NING :
“May t he Mast er of vast knowledge, May Might y Lor d give us pr osper it y! May
t he nour isher of all, t he aut hor of all t he Vedas give us pr osper it y! May He,
t he giver of all comf or t s like t he hor se, elephant and cat t le give us pr osper it y
May God, t he Lor d of all element s of Nat ur e, vouchsaf e us pr osper it y May
God, t he Lor d of all t he element s of nat ur e vouchsaf e us pr osper it y.
The second of t he f our Veda Kalasams decor at es t he Pr aNavAkr ut hi Vimanam
holding Par a VaasudEvA on one side and pr ovides t he shade f or Sr i RanganAt ha
having Yoga Nidr A below. The second Veda kalasam r epr esent s Yaj ur Vedam,
bot h Sukla and Kr ishna Yaj ur Vedams. We will select nine Yaj ur Veda mant r ams
t o illust r at e t he Yaj ur Veda Svar oopam of t he Lor d.

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14

Namper umAL in Kar pagavr uksha vAhanam
Pic.Cour t esy: r amAnuj a dAsar gaL(pbase.com/ svami)

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SS SRI RI RI RR RANGANAATHA ANGANAATHA ANGANAATHA AS AS AS YY YAJUR AJUR AJUR VV VEDA EDA EDA SS SVAR VAR VARUU UPI PI PI
A P A P A PRAYER RAYER RAYER FF FOR OR OR PP PURIFICATION URIFICATION URIFICATION TT THROUGH HROUGH HROUGH VV VEDIC EDIC EDIC KK KNOWLEDGE NOWLEDGE NOWLEDGE
4¬ 9|4×P|¬ !4P |466P-6¹l·
¤O 6 + 9 +l6 Pl·
yat t E pavit r amar cishyagnE vit at amant ar A |
br ahma t Ena punAt u maa | |
- - - Yaj ur vEdam: Chapt er XI X. 41
M EA NING :
O Lor d! Pur if y me (t he sinner and t he impur e one) wit h Thy pur e and sacr ed
Vedic knowledge dif f used by Thy pur e, r esplendent lust er (Svayam J yOt hi).
adiyEn is r eminded of t he Thir uviNNagar Paasur am of NammAzhwAr her e:
prwf Cdaf udmf payf `ZkfKpf ptitf t udmf payf
krnf Tmf Eta[f biy< mf ni[f Bmf Aktvgf kqf ecyf Tmf , vi]f E]aaf
cirgf kqalf v]gfKmf tiRvi]f ]kaf Ecaf nf tpira[f
vrmf ekaqf patmlflalilf ^l yavaf kfKmf v[fcrE].
par am sudar udambAi azhukkup pat hit t ha udambAi
kar ant hum t hOnRiyum ninRum kait t havangaL seyt hum, viNNOr
sir angaLAl vaNangum Thir uviNNagar ser nt ha pir An
var am koLL paadhamallaal illai yaavar kkum vannsar aNE.
- - - - Thir uvaimozhi: 6. 3. 7
The Lor d of Thir uviNNagar has an incompar able, supr emely ef f ulgent ,
apr Akr ut ha, Suddha Sat t va f or m. He is t hus par amj yOt hi. He is also t he
indweller of t he sinf ul and impur e body of chEt hanams. He st ays inside t his
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16
impur e body in a concealed manner . Even t hough He is hidden f r om view, He
makes Himself visible as t he r esident of t he hear t cavit y f or t hose Yogis, who
have His blessings of Vedic knowledge. AzhwAr asser t s t hat f or anyone
aspir ing f or salvat ion (Moksham), t her e is no ot her pat h (naanya: pant hA), no
ot her r ecour se except t he sur ely-helping sacr ed f eet of t he Lor d of
Thir uviNNagar (Sr i Vaikunt anAt han), Which ar e wor shipped by t he nit hya
sUr is as well as by t he Devas wit h lower ed heads.













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TT THE HE HE TT TRUE RUE RUE (( (RUTHAM RUTHAM RUTHAM) ) ) AND AND AND THE THE THE MIGHTY MIGHTY MIGHTY (( (BRUHATH BRUHATH BRUHATH) L ) L ) LORD ORD ORD
r‡B- H |¬9ãB ¹-6|¹¬B&l 6l 4 |797|6|¤T ¹l TB6 ·
+ 9ã¹B†6Bã«l PB7-=l ¬l =l5+6=l5|ã=l5+6¹4 r6 +
hagumsa: sucishadvasur ant ar ikshasaddhOt A
vEdhisha dat it hir dur ONasat |
nr ushadvar asadr ut asad vyOmasadabj A gOj A
r ut aj A adr ij A r ut am br uhat | |
- - - Y. V: 12. 14
M EA NING :
The Lor d, Sr iman nAr AyaNaa is :
1. t he dest r oyer of evil deeds;
2. t he embodiment of pur it y;
3. t he suppor t er of all t hat is vir t uous;
4. f ir m and st eadf ast like an anchor r ock in holding t he laws of sAst hr am;
5. t he pr omulgat or of sat hyam;
6. Omnipr esent in ever y nook and cor ner of His cr eat ion as t he indweller ;
7. eminent ly ador able t o invoke spont aneous eulogies f r om His bhakt hAs;
8. indweller of t he minds of t hose whom He ador es such as His devot ees
and t he Yogis;
9. He is f or ever t ied wit h what is Tr ut h and He is t he cr eat or of t he vit al
pr ANans, t he animals (t wo and f our -f oot ed),
10. t he cr eat or of t he VedAs,
11. t he har binger of r ain-laden clouds and He is t he embodiment of Tr ut h
and
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18
12. is might y in f or m and sweep.
This is a t r emendous concept ion of t he Lor d of Sr ir angam and His glor ies. He
is t he pUt hAt hmA (t he ever -pur e Self ); hence, he dest r oys ef f or t lessly all of
our sins. He is t he Par amAt hmA and mukt hAnAm par amA gat hi: (supr eme goal
of t he r ealized souls). He is t he Pur ushan (t he gener ous giver ) and t he SaakshI
(wit ness) of all of our deeds. He is Pr adhAna Pur ushEsvar an (t he Lor d of
pr imor dial mat t er and t he j eevans). He is indeed sat hyam, J n~Anam and
Anant ham and Br hamman. This Veda Mant hr am salut es t his wonder f ul, mult i-
f acet t ed Lor d.

Namper umAL in Moolast hAnam
Pic. Cour t esy : Sr i. Mur ali BhaTTar
www.sr ir angapankaj am.com


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A P A P A PROFOUND ROFOUND ROFOUND PP PRAYER RAYER RAYER TO TO TO THIS THIS THIS LL LORD ORD ORD OF OF OF MANY MANY MANY ATTRIBUTES ATTRIBUTES ATTRIBUTES
6 =l |B 6 =l P|4 ¤ |r 4l4 P|B 4l4 P|4 ¤ |r
4¬P|B 4¬ P|4 ¤ Gl =l F4l =l P|4 ¤ |r
P-4 ¹|B P-4 P|4 ¤ |r Brl |B Brl P|4 ¤ |r
t Ej Osi t Ej O mayi dhEhi veer yamasi veer yam mayi dhEhi
balamasi balam mayi dhEhyO j OasyOj O mayi dhEhi
manyur asi manyum mayi dhEhi sahOsi sahO mayi dhEhi
- - Y. V. XI X. 9
M EA NING :
O Lor d of Sr ir angam!
1. Thou ar t lust r e! Please bless me wit h lust r e.
2. Thou ar t manly valor ; please gr ant me t hat valor .
3. Thou ar t t he embodiment of St r engt h; please gr ant me st r engt h t o
bear t he vicissit udes of lif e on t his ear t h.
4. Thou ar t t he vit alit y; please bless me wit h vit alit y.
5. Thou ar t r ight eous indignat ion and anger ; please give me t he vivekam t o
have t hat r ight eous indignat ion.
6. Thou ar t f or bear ance; please bless me wit h f or bear ance t o f or give
t hose, who commit apachAr ams against Your laws and Your
Bhaagavat hAs.



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Ascent t o t he Highest J yot hi: The st eps
Thir ukkUDal ashTAnga vimAnam
(Cour t esy: r AmAnuj a dAsar gaL at pbase.com/ svami)
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AA ASCENT SCENT SCENT TO TO TO THE THE THE HH HIGHEST IGHEST IGHEST JJ JYOTHI YOTHI YOTHI: T : T : THE HE HE STEPS STEPS STEPS
9|¤-4l5rP 7-6|¹¬Pl6rP-6|¹¬l7 |74Pl6rP ·
|74l +lTF4 9 UltF474l |6¹¬lPrP +
pr ut hivyA ahamudant ar iksham
aar uhamant ar ikshaad divamAr uham |
divO nAkasya pr ushThAt svaj yOt ir agAmaham | |
- - Y. V: XVI I . 67
M EA NING :
Thr ough t he pr act ice of YogA, f r om physical f or ce (pr ANAyAmam et al
pr escr ibed in asht Anga Yogam), I r ise t o t he higher plat eau of ment al f or ce;
f r om ment al f or ce, I r ise next t o t he even higher plat eau of spir it ual f or ce;
f r om spir it ual f or ce, I r ise higher t o YOU, t he bliss-giving j yOt hi.
Alt er nat ively, t his mant hr am has been t r anslat ed t o mean t hat a st eadf ast
Yogi r ises f r om ear t h t o space, f r om space t o t he Sun, f r om t he Sun t o t he
height of happiness, Sr i Vaikunt am.






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TT THE HE HE LL LORD ORD ORD IS IS IS HIGHER HIGHER HIGHER THAN THAN THAN THIS THIS THIS EE EARTH ARTH ARTH AND AND AND HH HEAVEN EAVEN EAVEN
9¹l |74l 9¹ 9+l 9 |¤-4l 9¹l 7 4 |¬¹B ¹ 4 7|F6·
T‡|F47 ¬¬ 9¤P-7¤559l 4× 7 4l- BP974-6 9 4 +
par O divA par a yEnA pr ut hivyA par O
dEvEbhir asur air yadast i |
kagumsvid gar bham pr at hamam daghr a
aapO yat r a dEvA: samapaSyant a pUr vE | |
- - - Y. V: XVI I . 29
M EA NING :
God is higher (mor e pr of ound and lof t y) t han t his ear t h and heaven. He is
higher t han t he lear ned living beings (scholar s of t he VedAs). He is beyond t he
divisions of Time (KaalAt heet han). I t is t hr ough His act ion, t he er r ing souls
ent er numer ous bir t hs and assume dif f er ent bodies. I t is HI M, t he r ealized
ones see wit h t heir spir it ual eyes.
The Lor d of Sr ir angam, who is “SamsAr a-Moksha-st hit hi-bhandha
hEt hu:" (BhagavAn is at once t he r oot cause f or t he bondage, r elease and
sust enance of t his univer se) is a much higher pr inciple t han t he pr akr ut hi and
chEt hanams. This sakt himat hAm sr Esht an is not bound by t ime. He has no past ,
pr esent or f ut ur e. Yogis r ecognize t his gat hi sat t aman (t he best inst r uct or of
t he pat h of dhar mam) and see Him wit h t heir J nA~na dhr isht is.

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A P A P A PRAYER RAYER RAYER TO TO TO THE THE THE OO ONE NE NE WHO WHO WHO IS IS IS CONNECTED CONNECTED CONNECTED TO TO TO RR REVATHI EVATHI EVATHI
Sr i RanganAt han is said t o have incar nat ed dur ing t he r eign of t he
const ellat ion of Revat hi in r esponse t o t he t apas of Br ahmma Devan. He is
called t her ef or e Revat hi Rangan j ust as Sr i Venkat Esan is salut ed as Sr avaNa
Venkat Esan. The f ollowing Yaj ur Veda Mant hr am r ecognizes Him as t he
embodiment of Vedic Speech (Revat hi) and begs Him t o r emain in t he alt ar of
Sr ir angam, t he MahA Yaj ~na kshEt hr am and not t o move away.The Yaj ur Veda
mant hr am (I I I .21) is as f ollows:
¹ 46l ¹P\4P|FP-4l +l4|FP-¬l U |FP-¬l T |FP-¬4 ·
²r 4 F6 Pl9¬l6
r Evat I r amadhvamasminyOnAvasmin
gOshThEsmin lOkEsmin kshayE |
ihaiva st a mApagAt a | |

Sr I Rangam KOil gOpur ams (Cour t esy: Sr i. Mur ali BhaTTar )
M EA NING :
Oh Vedic Speech! May Thou Remain r ight her e at t his alt ar , in t his Yaj ~na, at
t his spot and in t his house. Please r emain her e and t r avel not f ar f r om her e!
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A P A P A PRAYER RAYER RAYER FOR FOR FOR THE THE THE BOON BOON BOON OF OF OF TT TRUE RUE RUE (V (V (VEDIC EDIC EDIC) K ) K ) KNOWLEDGE NOWLEDGE NOWLEDGE
F44¹¬ ¹|B ~ Ul ¹|7P4 ¬l 7l5|B 4¬l P 7 |r·
B 4 F4l4 6P-4l46 +
svayambhUr asi sr EshThO r aSmivar cOdhA
asi var cO mE dEhi |
sUr yasyAvr ut amanvAvar t E | |
- - - Y. V. I I . 26
M EA NING :
Oh Lor d! Thou ar t self -manif est ed! Most supr eme and self -ef f ulgent ! Thou ar t
t he gr ant or of t r ue knowledge. Bless me wit h t hat t r ue knowledge. I will f ollow
your command.

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AA ANOTHER NOTHER NOTHER PP PRAYER RAYER RAYER TO TO TO SS SRI RI RI RR RANGANAATHAN ANGANAATHAN ANGANAATHAN
HP 7-¤l4l Hl6P 9l|r Pl |7Hl 9l|r
9|Bt4 9l|r T|¹7« 9l|r T¹T-4l
H|49 +- |96 T T B 97l 4l +l F4lrl
4l7P4 B 4 H964 F4lrl B¹F4t4
4Hl ¬|¬-4 F4lrl+
agnEdabdhAyOaSeet ama paahi maa didyO paahi
pr asit yai paahi dur ishTyai paahi dur admanyA
avisham na: pit um kr uNu sushadA yOnau svAhA
vAdagnayE samvEsapat ayE svAhA sar asvat yai
yasObhaginyai svAhA | |
- - - Y. V I I . 20
M EA NING :
Oh akshar a Br ahmmam (immor t al One)! Oh Omnipr esent One! Please pr ot ect
me f r om int ense pain (of SamsAr am), pr ot ect me f r om t he bondages of sin and
ignor ance, and pr ot ect me f r om f alling int o t he company of evil-minded people,
pr ot ect me f r om par t aking f ood t hat is inj ur ious t o (physical and spir it ual)
healt h. Make Thou our annam f r ee f r om inj ur ious ingr edient s (poison). Gr ant
me t he boon t o live in a comf or t able house pr aying t o Thee and doing
auspicious deeds pr escr ibed by Your Saast hr As. This is Our pr ayer t o You, t he
Lor d and Mast er of t his univer se. May we acquir e pur e knowledge t hr ough t he
st udy of t he VedAs and be blessed wit h sar va mangaLams.

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(P (P (PRA RA RANN NAVAM AVAM AVAM) ) ) IS IS IS MM MYY Y NAME NAME NAME: T : T : THE HE HE LAST LAST LAST MANTHRAM MANTHRAM MANTHRAM OF OF OF YY YAJUR AJUR AJUR
VV VEDAM EDAM EDAM
|r¹'P4 + 9l× T Bt4F4l|9|r6 P GP ·
4l Bl4l|7t4 9 69- Bl 5Bl4rP ·
Hl G¹4O+
hir aNmayEna pAt r ENa sat yasyApihit am mukham |
yOsAvAdit yE pur usha: sOasAvaham |
Omkam bhr amma | |
M EA NING :
O Ear t hlings! By Me--t he r esplendent pr ot ect or --is cover ed t he f ace of
et er nal cause, t he mat t er . The moving spir it yonder in t he Sun, t hat spir it
dwelling inside t he Sun is Me (Sur ya-nAr AyaNan). I am vast in expanse like t he
at mospher e, gr eat est of all in mer it , and nat ur e is Me. Om is my name!
To t hat pr aNava Svar Upi r est ing under Pr aNavAkr ut hi VimAnam at Sr ir angam,
we of f er our salut at ions as we r ef lect upon t he select ed mant hr ams of Yaj ur
Vedam.
adiyEn will conclude wit h Swami Desikan’s pr ayer housed in t he mUla
mant hr AdhikAr am sect ion of Sr imadh Rahasya Thr aya Saar am:
6l¹ 9 4 67+ 874 6¬ +l¹l4Tl4 |6
Hl¹+l4l 16 97P446l Bl¤ Pl¬l4 7t6P ·
HñlT… 4 + H¬B-P+Bl HltP¹¬l¬¹ +-
|¬9 7 4- |¬96 |+|G¬l+ |TT¹ H|4°+l+ +
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"Pr aNavam is My Name"
Par avAsudevan as He appear s in Pr aNavAkAr a VimAnam - Sr i Rangam
(Pic Cour t esy : Sr i Mur aLi BhaTTar )
www.Sr ir angapankaj am.com

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t aar am pUr vam t adanu hr udayam t acca naar AyaNAyEt i
aamnAyOkt am padamavayat Am sAr ddhamAcAr ya dat t am |
angI kur van alasa- manasAm Aat mar akshAbhar am na:
kshipr am dEva: kshipat u nikhilAn kinkar aisvar ya vighnAn | |
WO RD BY WO RD M EA NING :
pUr vam- at f ir st ; t hAr am – pr aNavam; t adhanu - af t er t hat ; hr udayam -
namas sabdham; t at ca - af t er nama: sabdham; nAr AyaNaaya it i - t he wor d
nAr AyaNaaya.
aamnAyOkt am padam - t he wor d which is declar ed by t he VedAs and
saast hr ams AcAr yadat t am - and given t o us as upadEsam by our AchAr yAs
wit h it s meaning.
avayat Am alasa manasAm na: , aat ma r akshAbhar am ankeekur van Deva: --
For us who r ef lect on t he mUla mant hr am, f or us, who ar e power less and
Akinchanaas, Our Lor d has accept ed t he r esponsibilit y and bur den of
pr ot ect ing us.
sa Deva: nikhilAn kinkar a aisvar yam vignAn kshipr am kshipat u -- May t hat
Lor d Of Our s, r emove quickly all t he obst acles t hat come in t he way of our
acquisit ion of t he kaimkar ya Sampat h (t he wealt h of ser vit ude t o our Lor d).
Sr i RanganAt hA has t he st hAna VisEsha AdhikAr am of Moola Mant hr am and t o
t hat Lor d, who declar ed in t he last mant hr am of Yaj ur Vedam t hat “Om is His
name”, we r ender our salut at ions and pr ay f or His blessings.



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SS SRI RI RI RR RANGANATHA ANGANATHA ANGANATHA AS AS AS RR RGG G VV VEDA EDA EDA SS SVAR VAR VARUU UPI PI PI
Homage t o “Sr i RanganAt ha, t he Rg Veda Svar Upi” as r epr esent ed by t he t hir d
kalasam on His pr aNavakr ut hi vimaanam at Sr ir angam.
We will f ocus on nine Rg Veda mant hr ams t o salut e Sr i RanganAt hA. I will
f ocus on one mant hr am f r om t he f ir st nine kaandams of Rg Vedam. The
mar r iage mant hr ams came f r om t he 10
t h
Kaandam and have alr eady been
cover ed ext ensively.
TT THE HE HE PP PRIMORDIAL RIMORDIAL RIMORDIAL LL LORD ORD ORD RR RANGANAATHAA ANGANAATHAA ANGANAATHAA
²-ã |P× 46TP|¹+Plr ¹¤l |7-4- B B 9Tl ¬6tPl+ ·
9T B7 |49l 4r ¤l 47-t4|¹+ 4P Pl6|¹Hl+Plr -+
indr am mit r am var uNam agnim Ahur at hO
divya: sa supar NO gar ut mAn |
yEkam sad vipr A bahudhA vadant yagnim
yamam maat ar isvAnamAhu: | |
- - - Rg. Vedam I . 164. 46
M EA NING :
He (Sr iman nAr AyaNaa) is THE ONE, t hough t he lear ned pr iest s call Him by
dif f er ent names, such as I ndr A, Mit hr A, Var uNA, agni, Supar NA, Gar ut hmAn,
Yaman and Maat har isvan in t heir Yagnams.
I ndr a her e r ef er s t o His r esplendent f eat ur e; Mit r A means t he sur veyor , t he
Visva Saakshi aspect of t he Lor d of Sr ir angam. Var uNA r ecognizes t hat He is
t he most vener able; agni cover s His ador able at t r ibut es; He is t he celest ial
one soar ing skywar d and beyond as t he well-winged Gar ut hmAn (t he gr eat
One). He (Sr i Ranganaat han) is t he Yaman or t he Or dainer of r ewar ds and
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punishment s. He is t he lif e behind t he univer se (cosmic br eat h) as inf er r ed
f r om His name as Maat ar isvan. The lear ned pr iest s call t he Ver y same Par a
Br ahmmam by many names and yet t he obj ect of t heir ador at ion is t he ONLY
ONE: Sr iman naar AyaNA.
The lear ned pr iest s (Vipr A:) is t he equivalent of “I nn kavi paadum par ama
kavigaL” salut ed by NammAzhwAr . The obj ect of salut at ion is “Per iyavappan”
of NammAzhwAr ’ Thir uvaimozhi (8.1.11). He is also called by AzhwAr as
“t annoppAr illappan” in Thir uviNNagr Thir uvaimozhi and as “ulahukkOr
t aniappan” (Gr and Mast er of All DevAs and t heir in-dweller ).

"The Pr imor dial Lor d"
(Pic. Cour t esy:: r AmAnuj a dAsar gaL at pbase.com/ svami)


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TT THE HE HE OO ONE NE NE AND AND AND OO ONLY NLY NLY PP PROTECTOR ROTECTOR ROTECTOR: S : S : SRI RI RI RR RANGANAATHA ANGANAATHA ANGANAATHA
+ 6Prl + T|¹6 T 6¾+ +l¹64|F6|66+ ã4l|4+-·
|4Hl ²7 HFPl7 \4¹Bl |4 4l¤B 4 B ¬l 9l ¹¬|B ¤OTF96 +
na t amamhO na dur it am kut ascana
nAr At ayas t it ir ur na dvyAvina: |
visvA id asmad dhvar asO vi
bAdhasE yamm sugOpA r akshasi br hamaNaspat E | |
- - - - Rg Vedam I I . 23. 5
M EA NING :
No one AND no power on ear t h or heaven will har m t he per son, whom, YOU,
t he Lor d Omnipot ent and Super scient have decided t o def end and pr ot ect .
Neit her sin nor sor r ow f r om any quar t er , neit her swor n enemies nor hypocr it es
or double dealer s will ever succeed in har ming t he Bhakt ha (like Pr ahlAdhA or
Gaj endr A or Dr aupat hi) t hat YOU have vowed t o pr ot ect . You wit h Your
inf init e power dr ive away all t r eacher ous and inj ur ious har ms t hat come t heir
way.
This is t he essence of abhaya Pr adhAna Saar am. “abhayam sar va bhUt hEbhyO
dadhAmyEt hadh vr at ham mama” was t he declar at ion of t he Lor d in Sr imadh
RaamAyaNam (Yuddha Kaandham 18.34). This is known as Sar aNya abhipr Ayam
(t he inner t hought of t he Rakshakan). That is why Pr apat t hi in essence is
“Moksha Par yant ha sakala pur ushAr t ha Saadhanam” in Swami Desikan’s view.
Swami Desikan expr esses t he same Vedic t hought in t he 37
t h
slokam of Sr i
Var adar Aj a PanchAsat h: O Lor d Var adar Aj a! “mayi r akshaNeeyE dhar mAdhi
bhAhya sahakAr i gavashaNEna kim vaa? -- Bhavat ha sankalpa yEva nipuNa;
sahAya:”. O Lor d! I am an akinchanan. I n t he mat t er of pr ot ect ing me, what is
t he point of seeking ext er nal help like nit hya, naimmit t hika dhar mams? Your
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own sankalpam (det er minat ion) is t he most capable and unf ailing assist ance f or
me. Ther e is not hing else.
The pr ayer of KaamasikhAsht akam, “t vayi r akshat hi r akshakai: kimanyaI : t vayi
chAr akshat hi r akshakai: kimanyai:” is also an echo of t his sent iment . Swami
asks r het or ically, “When You have vowed t o pr ot ect one, wher e is t he need f or
ot her s? When You have decided not t o pr ot ect one, what can be t he use of
ot her “pr ot ect or s”?

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AA ACHAARYA CHAARYA CHAARYA BB BHAKTHI HAKTHI HAKTHI: R : R : RGG G VV VEDAM EDAM EDAM III.27.1 III.27.1 III.27.1
This mant hr am r eminds one of Mat hur a kavi AzhwAr , who r ej ect ed t he Lor d in
f avor of his AchAr yA. “t hEvu maRRaRiyEn Kur uhUr Nambi paavinnisai paadit
t hir ivEnE” is t he st at ement of Madhur a Kavi. The echoing Rg Veda Mant hr am is
I I I .27.1:
9 4l 4l=l H|¬H4l r|4!P-6l ¤ 6l¬4l·
²7 4+ |=¬l|6 B V4l-+
pr a vOvAj A abhidyavO havishmant O gr ut AcyA
idEvAn j igAt i sumnaya: | |
M EA NING :
Wit h t he gif t s of nour ishing and t ast ef ul
f ood and wit h but t er -yielding cows and
ot her obj ect s wor t hy of oblat ions, t he
wor shipper (disciple) in sear ch of
happiness (t r ue knowledge) appr oaches
t he enlight ened AchAr yAs.


Udayavar - Sr i Rangam
(Cour t esy : Sr i. Mur aLi BhaTTar )
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II INVOCATION NVOCATION NVOCATION AND AND AND II INVITATION NVITATION NVITATION TO TO TO THE THE THE LL LORD ORD ORD
RR RGG G VV VEDAM EDAM EDAM-- -- --IV.29.1 IV.29.1 IV.29.1
Hl + F6 6 79 4l= |¬7 6l ²-ã 4l|r r|¹|¬P -7Bl+-·
|6¹|¾7 H4 - B4+l 9 -'4 Hñ 9 |¬¬ Tl+- Bt4¹l¤l-+
Aa na; st ut a upa vAj Ebhir Ut i
indr a yAhi har ibhir mandasAna: |
t ir as cid ar yah: savanA pur UNyai
angUshEbhir gr uNAna: sat yar AdhA: | |
M EA NING :
Salut ed and eulogized wit h sacr ed hymns,
O Resplendent Lor d, most auspicious
embodiment of t r ut h (r ut ham, sat hyam),
May Thou r ush t o our places of wor ship
and wor k wit h t he speed of light and
power ed by t he ecst asy of Your
mat chless st r engt h and pr ot ect us.


"Eulogizing t he Lor d wit h sacr ed Hymns "
Sr i. Mur aLi BhaTTar per f or ming
AngUr Ar paNa r it ual dur ing Panguni-
Ut ht hir am 2007 f est ival at Sr i Rangam
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A P A P A PRAYER RAYER RAYER FOR FOR FOR LL LORD ORD ORD’’ ’SS S NOURISHMENT NOURISHMENT NOURISHMENT -- - RR RGG G VV VEDAM EDAM EDAM V.6.4 V.6.4 V.6.4
Hl 6 H¹+ ²¤lP|r H P-6 7 4l=¹P ·
4& F4l 6 9+l4|B B|P7 7l74|6 H4l9 F6l 6 -4 Hl ¬¹+
Aa t E agna idheemahi dyumant am dEvAj ar am |
yaddha syA t E paneeyasI samid deedayat i dyavisham
st Ot r ubhya Aa bhar a | |
M EA NING :
"O Ador able Lor d! We kindle your br ight , et er nal light in our hear t s so t hat it s
lust r e shines deep in our hear t s. May Thou gr ant nour ishment t o us who ador e
You!". The next mant hr am goes on salut e t his Lor d of br ight light as t he
best ower of bliss and pr ot ect or of t he r ight eous.

"We kindle your br ight et er nal light in our hear t !"
Sr i. Mur ali BhaTTar per f or ming hOmam dur ing Gar uda Pr at ishTai
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DD DHRUVAM HRUVAM HRUVAM JJ JYOTHI YOTHI YOTHI: T : T : THE HE HE SS STEADY TEADY TEADY LL LIGHT IGHT IGHT -- - RR RGG G VV VEDAM EDAM EDAM: VI.9.6 : VI.9.6 : VI.9.6
|4 P TTl 9646l |4 ¬¬ 4l 7 74l |68 74 Hl|r6 46 ·
|4 P P+¾¹|6 T¹l¤l- |T |F4ã÷4l|P |TP + P|+!4 +
vi mE kar NA pat ayat O vi cakshur veedam
j yOt ir hr udaya aahit am yat |
vi mE manascar at i dUr aadhee:
kim svid vakshyAmi kimu nU manishyE | |
M EA NING :
My ear s ar e t ur ned (t uned) t o hear Him (His f oot st eps); my eyes ar e st r aining
t o behold Him (His appr oaching For m); t he divine light shining in my hear t is
also eager t o know (r ecognize) Him. My mind, t he r ecept acle of dist ant
obj ect s, hast ens t owar ds Him (like a spr int ing deer ). What shall I speak (when
I see Him)? How shall I compr ehend Him and give Him His due accor d?


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TT THE HE HE LL LORD ORD ORD IS IS IS NEAR NEAR NEAR AND AND AND DEAR DEAR DEAR -- - RR RGG G VV VEDAM EDAM EDAM -- - VII.15.1 VII.15.1 VII.15.1
79BHl4 Pl=r 9 HlF4 = r 6l r|4-·
upasadyaaya meeLahusha Aasye j uhut aa havi: |
M EA NING :
Oh people! Of f er homage t o t he ever -pr esent , ador able Lor d, t he gr ant or of
boons (Var adar Aj an) and t he dispenser of auspicious blessings. Of f er your
homage dir ect ly as He is available (pr esent ) in our close pr oximit y.

Thir ukachchi Var adar Aj a Per umAL wit h ubhaya nAchchiyAr s
t aken dur ing r A pat ht hu f est ival in 2004
(Cour t esy: r AmAnuj a dAsar gaL at pbase.com/ svami)

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ACHALA ACHALA ACHALA BB BHAKTHI HAKTHI HAKTHI -- - RR RGG G VV VEDAM EDAM EDAM -- -- -- VIII.1.1 VIII.1.1 VIII.1.1
Pl |¬7 H-47 |4 H B6 BGl4l Pl |¹9'46·
²-ã|P6 F6l 6l 4 9T B¬l B 6 P r 7 1¤l ¬ H B6+
maa cid anyad vi Samsat a sakhAyO maa r ishaNyat a |
indr amit st Ot A vr ushaNam sacA sut E muhur ukt hA ca samsat a | |
M EA NING :
O Dear Ones! Do not of f er wor ship t o anyone but Him, t he divine One
(nAr AyaNA). Let no gr ief or doubt per t ur b you. Pr aise Him alone and sing His
glor ies. Eulogize Him alone, t he r adiant , and t he shower of sadhanugr ahams.
Dur ing t he cour se of your self -r ealizat ion, cont inue t o r epeat ut t er ing hymns
in pr aise of Him.

"The r adiant and t he shower of sadhanugr ahams"

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A P A P A PRAYER RAYER RAYER FOR FOR FOR PP PURIFICATION URIFICATION URIFICATION -- - RR RGG G VV VEDAM EDAM EDAM -- - IX.67.25 IX.67.25 IX.67.25
7¬l-4l 7 4 B|46- 9|4× T B4 + ¬·
Pl 9 +l|r |4H6-+
ubhAbhyAm dEva savit a: pavit r ENa savEna ca |
maam puneehi visvat a: | |
M EA NING :
O I mpeller of auspicious t hought s! O Light supr eme! Pur if y me by your
pr ocesses of f ilt r at ion and ef f usion bot h; pur if y me f r om ever y side.
Sr i RanganAt hA, t he par ama pavit hr an, is t he Pur if ier t hat we seek in t he
st at e of wakef ulness, sleep and sushpt hi.
The ver y same Sr i RanganAt hA, t he indweller of I ndr an, Var uNan and ot her s is
r equest ed by one of t he mant hr ams of Sr i MahA Naar AyaNOpanishad t o
dest r oy complet ely all t he sins commit t ed by a per son and t heir f amily.
4-P P+Bl 4l¬l TPTl 4l T!T 6 T 6P ·
6¬ ²-ãl 46Tl 4 rF9|6- B|46l ¬ 9 +-6 9 +- 9 +-+
yanmE manasA vAcA kar mANA vaa dushkr ut am kr ut am |
t anna indr O var uNO br uhaspat i: savit A ca punant u puna: puna: | |
- - - Maha naar AyaNOpanishad (MNU): I . 56



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40


uchchishTa br ahman

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SS SRI RI RI RR RANGAN ANGAN ANGANAA ATHA THA THA AS AS AS AA ATHARVA THARVA THARVA VV VEDA EDA EDA SS SVAR VAR VARUU UPI PI PI
The f our t h kalasam on t he pr aNavAkr ut hi vimAnam r epr esent s t he at har va
Vedam. Our Lor d is also t he at har va Veda Svar Upi. Let us r ef lect on select ed
at har va Veda Mant hr ams f r om t he assembly of t he t ot al of 5933 Mant hr ams.
TT THE HE HE SS SACREDNESS ACREDNESS ACREDNESS OF OF OF ATHARVA ATHARVA ATHARVA VV VEDAM EDAM EDAM
at har va Vedam is t he last of t he f our VedAs and it was f ashionable t o consider
it as less impor t ant t han ot her t hr ee vedams. For t unat ely, t his view has
diminished in impor t ance wit h t ime.
This Vedam is closely t ied wit h sages at har vaNA and Angir A. The lit er al
t r anslat ion of t he name of t he above t wo sages (Rishis) have been given as:
at har van - holy magic br inging happiness
Angir as - host ile or black magic
The mant hr ams however cont ain mor e “t heosophical mat t er ” t han any ot her
samhit hA and it is unf or t unat e t hat t he at har va Vedam was not consider ed as
an equal t o t he ot her t hr ee by t he Vedic pr iest s f or a long t ime. The Gopat ha
Br AhmaNam and t he Mundaka Upanishad ar e associat ed wit h at har va Vedam
and house some of t he pr of ound t hought s linked t o at har va Vedam.
UU UCCHISHTA CCHISHTA CCHISHTA BRAHMAM BRAHMAM BRAHMAM AS AS AS THE THE THE CC COSMIC OSMIC OSMIC CC CREATOR REATOR REATOR
The concept of ucchisht a bhr ammam (Final Realit y, Sar va Seshi, akshar a
Br ahmam, and t he undecaying Self ) is housed in t his Vedam. I n addit ion t o
housing Pur usha sUkt ham like t he ot her t hr ee VedAs, at har va Vedam salut es
wit h gr eat r ever ence t he Cosmic f or m of t he Cr eat or in a glor ious hymn known
as “Skhamba sUkt ham” (AV X.7.1-44). The height s of imaginat ion, t he
sacr edness of t he concept ions ar e mat chless.
Our Lor d Sr iman nAr AyaNaa is visualized in t his Vedam as t he Mast er Weaver ,
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42
who weaves t he ent ir e Univer se wit h His divine t hr ead (t ant hu) of Unif ied Law
(r Ohit hO dhyAvA pr ut hvee j aj Ana t at hr a t ant hum par amEsht ee t at hAna).
Sr iman nAr AyaNaa, our Lor d is conceived as t he divine suppor t (Skhambha)
t hat sust ains t he Univer se --t he t er r est r ial, t he int er spaces and t he celest ial
r egions --in t he most per f ect manner . Gr eat concept s of Mat hemat ics ar e
invoked t o descr ibe t he way in which our Lor d balances t he ent ir e cr eat ion and
holds t he six dimensions of space in a mar velous equilibr ium (skhambhO
dhAdhAr a pr avisa: shaDur vee skhambha idham bhuvanamA vivEsa). His leela of
Cr eat ion at t he auspicious st age (Sr ir angam) has been compar ed t o t he weaving
of a Cosmic Clot h “wit h divine woof s and war ps, shut t les and pegs, t he ar t of
t wo divine maidens (day and night ) wor king incessant ly in t he par amet er s of
Space and Time". What a lof t y vision ! What a gr and concept t hat wins over
t he unif ied Theor y of Relat ivit y!
SC O PE O F THE REST O F THE C O VERA G E O F THIS KA IM KA RYA M
The 5933 Mant hr ams of at har va Vedam ar e housed in t went y Kaandams. We
will pay our salut at ions t o eight een of t he mant hr ams f r om t he dif f er ent
Kaandams.
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TT THE HE HE WW WIFE IFE IFE’’ ’SS S VOW VOW VOW (( (PATHIVRATHA PATHIVRATHA PATHIVRATHA DHARMAM DHARMAM DHARMAM)) )
²7 G+l|P ¬ 9= Pl 974P|¬¹l 67P ·
9¹l46l |+46 +Pl46- 9|6+-7+P +
idam khanAmi bhEshaj am maampaSyamabhir Or udam
par Ayat O nivar t anamAyat a: pr at inandanam | |
- - at har va Vedam: VI I . 39. 1
M EA NING :
I , t he wif e, t he Sumangali, t ake t his sacr ed vow t hat makes my wedded
husband look at me, t hat det er s him f r om st r aying af ar f r om me, t hat bids
him t o r et ur n t o me af t er being away and gr eet him wit h af f ect ion as he
r et ur ns t o my side.

Sr i Rangam Ser t hi SEvai (Cour t esy pbase.com/ svami)
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LL LORD ORD ORD OF OF OF THREE THREE THREE SPOKES SPOKES SPOKES AND AND AND THREE THREE THREE SUPPORTS SUPPORTS SUPPORTS
6|FP+ |r¹'44 ×4¹ |×9|6U6 ·
6|FP+ 4H¬PltP-4¬ã ¤O|47l |4T-+
t asmin hir aNyayE t r ayar E t r ipr at ishThat E |
t asmin yad yakshamAt manvat t advai br ahmavidO vidu: | |
- - - A. V X. 2. 32
M EA NING :
Men deeply conver sant wit h t he knowledge about Br ahman know t hat our Lor d,
who dwells in t he mult i-power ed soul wit h t hr ee spokes and t hr ee suppor t s.
One set of t he t r iad of spokes has been descr ibed as:
1. st haanam (Capacit y),
2. naamam (Token, Sign) and
3. j anmam (Exist ence).
The t hr ee suppor t s have been int er pr et ed as:
1. kar ma (Act ion),
2. upaasanaa (Cont emplat ion) and
3. j n~anam (knowledge).
The St hAna VisEshAdhikAr am, t he naama SiddhAnt ham and J anmam as
Bhagavat hA have been cover ed in t he dif f er ent sect ions of Sr i Ranganaat ha
Mahimai volumes of ebooks.. Bhagavadh Git A is an epit ome of Kar ma, J n~Ana
and Bhakt hi YogAs leading t o Pr apat t hi Yogam t o acquir e Moksham.
All of t hese concept s (t at t vams) ar e cover ed in t his pr of ound mant hr am.

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EE ETERNAL TERNAL TERNAL BB BRAHMAM RAHMAM RAHMAM AND AND AND ITS ITS ITS ACTIVITIES ACTIVITIES ACTIVITIES
H9l7¤ BP¬4tBl H¤ F4¹l¬¹6 ·
¬6 !9l7 ¬ t4l ¬l ¹4- B4 Pl7¬ ¬l =+P +
apAdagr E samabhavat sO agr E svar Abhar at |
cat ushpaad bhUt vA bhOgya: sar vamAdat t a bhOj anam | |
- - - - - A. V: X. 8. 21
M EA NING :
Our Lor d, t he indivisible, exist ed bef or e cr eat ing t his wor ld. He r ealized
per f ect j oy pr ior t o engaging in t he act of cr eat ion of His wor ld, j ust as a soul
t hat exper iences af t er being blessed wit h Moksham t o per f or m nit hya
Kaimkar yam in Sr i Vaikunt am. Being f our -f oot ed, our r uler of t he Univer se
absor bed t he whole univer se t hat He cr eat ed in Himself as f ood at t he t ime of
MahA pr aLayam.
While r est ing in t he st at e of Yoga nidr A at Sr ir angam, He t hinks wit h j oy
about Cr eat ion as a LeelA. He pr ot ect s His cr eat ion and at t he end of t he
cycle, pr ot ect s t he wor lds by consuming t hem and r eleases t hem in t he next
cycle (Vat apat hr a Saayee).
The r ef er ence t o Him being f our -f oot ed cover s t he concept of our Lor d
exist ing as:
1. Pr akAsavAN (wit h lust r e),
2. anant havAn (limit less/ inf init y),
3. J yOt hishmAn (Cosmic I nt elligence) and
4. Aayat hanavAn (I mmensit y)”.
These ar e t he f our met aphor ic f eet of our Lor d as conceived by t his mant r am.
He is as t he Upanishad visualizes Him: Yesha sEt hur vit har aNa: He is t he
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immense, int elligent , lust r ous Br ahma sEt hu (br idge) t hat saf ely get s us acr oss
t he t ur bulent seas of samsAr am.

"Pr akAshavAn, anant avAn, j yOt ishmAn and aAyat anavAn"
namper umAL in SEsha vAhanam
(Pic. Cour t esy; r AmAnuj a dAsar gaL at pbase.com/ svami)
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HH HOMAGE OMAGE OMAGE TO TO TO THAT THAT THAT IMMENSE IMMENSE IMMENSE LL LORD ORD ORD AT AT AT THE THE THE THREE THREE THREE SANDHIS SANDHIS SANDHIS
+P- Bl4 +P- 9l6+ Pl ¹l-4l +Pl |74l·
¬4l4 ¬ H4l 4 ¬ ¬l ¬l-4lPT¹ +P-+
nama: sAyam nama: pr at ar namO r aat r yA namO divA |
bhavaaya ca Sar vaaya cObhAbhyAmakar am nama: | |
- - - A. V: XI . 2. 16
M EA NING :
Salut at ions t o t he Lor d at evening and at dawn, homage at night , homage by
t he day (noon). I have paid my humble obeisance t o bot h His might y power s of
cr eat ion and dissolut ion.
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HH HIS IS IS OMNIPOTENCE OMNIPOTENCE OMNIPOTENCE AND AND AND OO OMNIPRESENCE MNIPRESENCE MNIPRESENCE
H|P¹lBl+ 7|t¤6l 5|H+l·
²-ã- 9l=|6U-7|¬Tl |6U-4P-+
9t4=|6U-¤l6l 7=|6U-tB|46l+
agnir Aseena ut t hit OasvinA | - - A. V: I X. 7. 19
indr a: pr Ang t ishThan dakshiNA t ishThan yama: | - - 7. 20
pr at yang t ishThan dhAt Odang t ishThant savit A | | - - 7. 21
M EA NING A .V .IX.7.19:
I n t he seat ed posit ion, He is t he sacr ed Fir e and in t he st anding posit ion, He is
Day and Night .
C O M M ENTS O N A .V. IX.7.19:
At ShOlingar , He is agni as t he seat ed Yogapat t ai-Nar asimhan; At
Thir uviNNagar , He st ands as Day and Night at t he banks of AhOr At hr a
Pushkar aNi.
M EA NING : A .V .IX.7.20 A ND 21:
St anding East war ds, He is f ull of Glor y; st anding sout hwar ds, He is f ull of
J ust ice. St anding (f acing) west war ds, He is t he suppor t er , st anding
nor t hwar ds, He is t he Cr eat or .
C O M M ENTS O N A .V.IX.7.20 A ND 21:
Sr i RanganAt hA f aces sout hwar ds (Ther kku Paar kkum Raaj A). As dhar mO
vigr ahavAn, He is f ull of j ust ice and blesses VibheeshaNA af t er dest r oying
RavaNA. He est ablished dhar mam and met out j ust ice. He f aces sout hwar ds at
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Thir uvit t huvakkOdu as well t o hear t he moving Pr apat t hi of KulasEkahr a
AzhwAr .

VibhI shaNA at Sr i Rangam
(Pic.Cour t esy: Sr i. Mur aLi BhaTTar )
At Kaancheepur am, on Gar uda Sevai day, He emer ges out of t he west er n gat e
and always looks west war ds as our suppor t er / r akshakan. Ot her Divya desams,
wher e He f aces west besides Kancheepur am ar e: Thir uvAli, Thir ukkaLvanUr ,
DwAr akai , Thi r ut t hEvanAr t hogai , Thi r u Nandhi pur a Vi NNagar am,
Thir unilAt t hingaL t hundam, Thir up Par amEsvar a ViNNagar am, Thir up
Paar t hanpaLLi, Thir uvaNNvaNDUr , Thir uvAt t Ar u and Thir uvehhA.
At Thir uvallikkENi and many ot her Divya Desams, He f aces east war ds and is
f ull of glor y (I ndr a:pr aangh t isht an). At Thir uvallikkENi, he is f ull of glor y as
t he par amAchAr yA, who gave us t he char ama slOkam.
At Thir ukkOzhi (Ur aiyUr ), He f aces nor t hwar ds as Azhagiya maNavALan, t he
Cr eat or , t he beaut if ul br idegr oom.
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SS SAGUNA AGUNA AGUNA BRAHMMAM BRAHMMAM BRAHMMAM: S : S : SRI RI RI VV VISISHTAADHVAITHIC ISISHTAADHVAITHIC ISISHTAADHVAITHIC LL LORD ORD ORD
7|¬77 +lP -9 ¬l |¬77 ¬l T Hl|r6-·
7|¬77 ²-ã¾l|P¾ |4HP-6- BPl|r6P +
ucchishTE naama r Upam cOcchishTE lOka aahit a: |
ucchishTE indr asccAgnisca viSvamant a: samAhit am | |
- - A. V. XI . 7. 1
M EA NING :
“God cont ains t he name and f or m, and t he wor ld. Cloud and Sun and t he whole
Univer se ar e compr ised wit hin Him”. The Saar eer ika doct r ine as elabor at ed in
Sr i Bhaashyam is cover ed by t his pr of ound mant hr am.
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A A A PRAYER PRAYER PRAYER FOR FOR FOR THE THE THE VV VEDA EDA EDA PP PURUSHAN URUSHAN URUSHAN TO TO TO DWELL DWELL DWELL INSIDE INSIDE INSIDE US US US
+¹BlP 4= 6|¬77 7ãl¤- 9F6 6 F6 6P ·
|rTl¹ 7|¬77 F4¹- BlVl P |7¾ 6-P|4+
r g saama yaj ur ucchishTa udgeet ha: pr ast ut am st ut am|
himkAr a ucchishTE svar a: saamnO mEdisca t anmayi | |
- - - A. V: XI . 7. 5

Namper umAl wit h chief pr iest Sr i Sr inivasa Bhat t ar (a nanogenar ian) at
Sr ir angam Temple
(Pic.Cour t esy: Sr i. Mur aLi BhaTTar )
M EA NING :
The r ecit at ion of t he Rg, Yaj ur and Saama Mant hr ams as well as t he chant ing
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of t he Saama Saamans by UdhghAt hA pr iest , t he Saamans sung by t he
Pr ast Ot A (a pr aiser ) pr iest at t he beginning of t he Yaj ~nam and t he ot her
Saama Saamans r ecit ed in laudat or y mode, t he r ever ber at ions (hum), t he t one
and t he mur mur of t he Rks and Saamans, ALL REST I N HI M. May He r eside in
me, t he soul!

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SS SRI RI RI RR RANGANATHA ANGANATHA ANGANATHA KK KAVACHAM AVACHAM AVACHAM (A.V : XII.3.24) (A.V : XII.3.24) (A.V : XII.3.24)
H|P- 9¬¬¬6 t4l 9 ¹F6l|7-ãl ¹¬6 7|¬T6l P6t4l+ ·
46TFt4l † rl&6T 96l¬4l 7¬¹l¬4l BlP- B 77l6 +
agni pacan r akshat u t vaa pur ast Ad indr O r akshat u
dakshiNat O mar ut vAn |
var uNas t vaa dr umhAddhar uNE pr at eecyA ut t ar At t vaa
sOma: sam dadaat ai | |
M EA NING :
May t he Omniscient Lor d st r engt hening t hee, pr ot ect t hee f r om t he East er n
dir ect ion! May t he Opulent , splendor ous Lor d guar d t hee f r om t he Sout her n
dir ect ion! May t he supr eme Lor d suppor t t hee f r om t he west er n dir ect ion wit h
His st r engt h and power ! May our Lor d, t he cosmic cr eat or hold t hee t oget her
f r om t he nor t h!

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A P A P A PRAYER RAYER RAYER FOR FOR FOR PURIFICATION PURIFICATION PURIFICATION AND AND AND LONG LONG LONG LIFE LIFE LIFE -- - AV: XII.2.13 AV: XII.2.13 AV: XII.2.13
H|FP-44 B TB T HPl |¹9l|T P 7Pr ·
H¬ P 4|¬4l- H &l- 9 T Hl4 ‡|9 6l|¹96 +
asmin vayam samkasukE agnou r ipr ANi mr uj mahE |
abhUma yaj ~niyA: suddhA: pr a Na aayugumshi t Ar ishat | |


shar aNam aham pr abhadyE
(Ar t Wor k Cour t esy :Sow. R. Chit r alekha)
M EA NING :
We dissolve our blemishes away wit h t he anugr ahm of our Lor d, t he
Omniscient . We have achieved t he st at e of pur it y in His Company and have
become qualif ied t o do Yaj ~nams. May t he benevolent Lor d give us long lives!


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SS SRI RI RI RR RANGAN ANGAN ANGANAA ATHA THA THA: S : S : SARVA ARVA ARVA SS SAAKSHEE AAKSHEE AAKSHEE -- - AV: XIII.2.41 AV: XIII.2.41 AV: XIII.2.41
B4l |7H- BP¬¹ãl |r6l 5|¤9|6|7 4-·
|74 BP ãPl7 ¬ |P B4 ¬ 6 |4 ¹¬|6+
sar vA disa: samacar ad r ohit Oadhipat ir diva: |
divam samudr AmAd bhUmim sar vam bhUt ham vi r akshat i | |
M EA NING :
God, t he Emper or of light penet r at es all r egions. He wat ches over t he celest ial
r egion, t he Oceans and t he ear t h and all t he beings, He has cr eat ed.

The Emper or of Light !
(Pic .Cour t esy: www.pbase.com/ svami)
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VV VEDIC EDIC EDIC KNOWLEDGE KNOWLEDGE KNOWLEDGE AND AND AND SS SRI RI RI RR RANGAN ANGAN ANGANAA ATHA THA THA -- - AV: XV.6.9 AV: XV.6.9 AV: XV.6.9
+¬l ¬ 4 B BlVl ¬ 4= 9l ¬
¤OT¾ |94 ¤lP ¬4|6 4 94 4 7+
r ucAm ca vai sa saamnAm ca yaj ushAm ca
br ahmaNasca pr iyam dhAma bhavat i ya yEvam vEda |
M EA NING :
He who is Br ahmavidh (Knower of Br ahmman) becomes t he chosen abode of t he
f our VedAs.

"The chosen abode of t he f our vedAs"
(Pic.Cour t esy: r AmAnuj a dAsar gaL at pbase.com/ svami)
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57

A P A P A PRAYER RAYER RAYER FOR FOR FOR THE THE THE EMBRACE EMBRACE EMBRACE OF OF OF THE THE THE LL LORD ORD ORD -- - AV: XIX.15.4 AV: XIX.15.4 AV: XIX.15.4
7- +l ¬l TP+ + |9 |4ãl-tF44 =«l |6¹¬4 F4|F6·
7¤l 6 ²-ã F¤|4¹F4 4lr 79 ¬4 P H¹T 4 r-6l+
ur Um nO lOkamanu nEshi vidvAnt svar -
yaj j yOt ir abhayam svast i |
ugr A t a indr a st havir asya bAhU
upa kshayEma Sar aNA br uhant A | |
M EA NING :
O Glor ious Lor d! Thou t ake us by hand t o t he
vast r iches, bliss and t o your par ama padham,
wher e shines t he light of knowledge, per f ect
peace r eigns and one is f r ee f or m f ear of any
kind. Your divine ar ms ar e st r ong and
power f ul. They ar e st eadf ast in coming t o our
r escue; your ar ms ar e f ir m in lif t ing us over
all danger s. May we be blessed t o f ind ample
r ef uge as Pr apannAs in Your st r ong ar ms!

"Ref uge in His st r ong ar ms"
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A C A C A CALL ALL ALL FOR FOR FOR LL LORD ORD ORD’’ ’SS S HELP HELP HELP -- - AV: 20.26.1 AV: 20.26.1 AV: 20.26.1
4l ¬ 4l ¬ 64F6¹ 4l= 4l= r4lPr ·
BGl4 ²-ãP 64 +
yOgE yOgE t avast ar am vAj E vAj E havAmahE |
sakhayA indr amUt ayE | |

Devot ed bhAgavt hAs
(Pic.Cour t esy: Sr i. Mur aLi BhaTTar )
M EA NING :
O Lor d, As Bhagavat hAs devot ed t o your ser vice, we seek your help and
guidance in ever y act of medit at ion under t aken by us; we seek your assist ance
and blessings in ever y act of acquir ing t r ue knowledge about your commands
and Saast hr As.

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59

AA ACHAARYAA CHAARYAA CHAARYAA’’ ’SS S CC COUNSEL OUNSEL OUNSEL TO TO TO THE THE THE PP PEOPLE EOPLE EOPLE -- - AV: 20.58.2 AV: 20.58.2 AV: 20.58.2
H+H ¹l|6 4B 7lP 9 F6 |r ¬ãl ²-ãF4 ¹l64-·
Bl HF4 TlP |4¤6l + ¹l 9|6 P+l 7l+l4 ¬l 74+ +
anar Sar At im vasudAmupa st uhi bhadr A indr asya r At aya: |
sO asya kAmam vidhat O na r Oshat i manO dAnAya cOdayan | |
M EA NING :
O SamsAr i! Wor ship t he Lor d, whose gif t s ar e f lawless. He is t he gener ous
gr ant or of r iches and wealt h beyond your imaginat ion. He is Var adr Aj an, t he
king of boon-giver s. Those boons ar e t he most auspicious and t hey ar e
bount if ul. He is t he Lor d of immeasur able f or t unes. He does not t ur n down t he
wishes of His devot ees in anger , but He has vowed t o gr ant t he boons t hat you
seek.








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60



namper umAL in j eer pur am
(Pic.Cour t esy:Sr i.Mur aLi BhaTTar )
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AA ACHAARYAA CHAARYAA CHAARYAA’’ ’SS S DD DESCRIPTION ESCRIPTION ESCRIPTION OF OF OF THE THE THE MM MIGHTY IGHTY IGHTY LL LORD ORD ORD
AV: 20.60.1 AV: 20.60.1 AV: 20.60.1
4l H|ã|¬t9¤P=l +6l4l 4 rF9|6¹l|ñ¹Bl r|4!Pl+ ·
|ã4r 7Pl 9l¤P B|t96l + Hl ¹l 7Bl 4 9¬l ¹l ¹4l|6+
yO adr ibhit pr at hamaj A r ut AvA
br uhaspat ir Angir asO havishmAn |
dvibar haj mA pr Aghar masat pit A na aa
r odasee vr ushabhO r Or aveet i | |
M EA NING :
Our Lor d (Sr i Ranganaat hA) is t he gr eat pr ot ect or of His vast univer se. He is
t he Mast er of t he Vedic knowledge. He is t he banisher of t he dar k clouds of
vipar eet ha j n~Anam and evil. He is t he Fir st r evealer (pr at hamAchAr yaa). He
is indeed t he or dained and t he r egulat or of t he laws of nat ur e. He is t he one,
who ent er s t he cr eat ed beings as ant har yAmi Br ahmam. He is t he one, who
supplies t he nour ishment t o t he embr yo in t he mot her ’s womb and f ood t o t he
t hEr ai (t oad) inside t he st one. He is f ir mly posit ioned in Heaven and Ear t h. He
is r esolut ely linked t o devot ees, knowledge and act ion. He is t he One, who
pr ovides t he heat and light t o t he bur ning Sun. He is our pr ot ect or and
nour isher like a f at her t o His childr en and shower s His blessings on us
unf ailingly. Har k! List en! He loudly pr oclaims His inst r uct ions all ar ound t he
ear t h and Heavens t hr ough His AchAr yAs and sends His nit hyasUr is as His
messenger s t o help us r each Him.



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62
18. S 18. S 18. SVASTHI VASTHI VASTHI MM MANTHRAM ANTHRAM ANTHRAM (AV: 20.143.8) (AV: 20.143.8) (AV: 20.143.8)
I n t his mant hr am bef or e t he ver y last mant hr am of At har va Vedam,
benedict ions t o t he wor ld and it s beings ar e housed and an appeal is made t o
f ollow t he saast r aic inj unct ions of our Lor d RanganAt hA:
P¤ P6l¹l 9¤lHl 4 Hl9l P¤ P¬l ¬4t4-6|¹¬P ·
¬ ×F4 9|6P ¤ Pl¬l HFt4|¹!4-6l H-4 + ¬¹ P+
madhumat eer Oshadheer dyAva aapO
madhumannO bhavat vant ar iksham |
kshEt r asya pat ir madhumannO
ast var ishyant O anvEnam car Ema | |
M EA NING :
May t he Oushadhis (plant s and medicinal her bs) be sweet and ef f icacious t o us!
May t he Heavens, t he wat er s and t he mid-r egions be all sweet , healt hf ul and
invigor at ing f or us! May t he pr oducer of f ood be sweet , f r iendly and helpf ul t o
us! Let us f ollow our Lor d and engage in act s t hat please Him and st ay away
f r om act s t hat displease Him, per f or m Pr apat t hi and be f r ee f r om t he disease
of SamsAr am and chase away all of our t r oubles!
Wit h t his cr escendo of a pr ayer , at har va Vedam comes t o a close.

May t he Lor d of Sr ir angam accept t his of f er ing and spr inkle us wit h t he
pavit hr a t heer t ham f r om His f our Veda Kalasams and pr ovide us t he wisdom
and st r engt h t o cont inue t he Ahobilavalli likhit ha kaimkar yam.
| | SRI RANGANATHO J AYATHI | |

63



















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64



Sr i Rangam r Aj a gOpur am
(Pic.Cour t esy: Sr i, Mur aLi BhaTTar )


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65

+ ~l-+
adiyEn will f ocus on t he ways in which t he Upanishads r ush t o salut e Him.
adiyEn will f ollow t he pat h est ablished by AchAr ya RamAnuj A and his
successor s on t his mat t er .
SRIM A N NA RA YA NA N O F SRIRA NG A M IS SRI RA NG A NA THA N
AchAr ya RaamAnuj A’s dar sanam is pr of ound in many ways. Two of t he key
f eat ur es of t his dar sanam ar e:
1. I t har monizes God’s t r anscendence (par at hvam) wit h His accessibilit y
(Soulabhyam).
2. I t inculcat es “t he highest f or m of devot ion wit hout belit t ling t he par t
of int ellect ualism and social dut ies in man' s spir it ual lif e”.
Sr iman naar AyaNaa as Par a VaasudEvan is r eadily accessible t o us at His
BhUlOka Vaikunt am on t he island of Sr ir angam. The par at hvam of His f or m at
Sr i Vaikunt am by t he banks of t he r iver Vir aj A comes t oget her wit h t he
soulabhyam of His Ar chA svar Upam at Sr ir angam (nit hya -LeelA VibhUt his).
This amalgamat ion of Par at hvam and Soulabhyam at Sr ir angam is consider ed
t he cent r al r oot (aaNi vEr ) of our Sr i Vaisht Advait hA t r adit ion elabor at ed by
our AzhwAr s and developed f ur t her by Dankar , Dr amidAchAr yA, Naat hamuni,
ALavant hAr , Per iya Nambi and Achar ya RaamAnuj A and his successor s in t he
mold of Upanishadic and Vedic t r adit ion, t he Ubhaya Vedant ha t r adit ion
f lour ishes t oday f r om t hat amalgamat ion.
THE EM BO DIED ISVA RA TA TTVA M A T SRIRA NG A M
The epist emology, ont ology, cosmology, t heology and psychology of Sr iman
nAr AyaNaa as t he cont r oller of all (Sar vEsvar at hvam), t he Mast er of all
Sar vasEshit hvam), t he One wor shipped by ever y r eligious act (Sar va
Kar mAr adhyat hvam), t he best ower of all f r uit s of such wor ship (Sar va phala
pr adhat hvam), t he sust ainer of all (Sar vAdhar at hvam), and t he cause of all
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66
ef f ect s (Sar va Kaar yOt hpAdhakt hvam) is nowher e celebr at ed mor e t han at
Sr ir angam. I t is no wonder t hat our AchAr yAs, who wer e conver sant wit h t he
nuance of Ubhaya VedAnt ham spent so much of t heir lif e t ime at Sr ir angam
and wor shipped Sr i RanganAt ha as t he J agadheesvar an.
SRI RA A M A NUJA A ND O UPA NISHA DA -PA RA M A PURUSHA N
AchAr ya RaamAnuj A r ecognized Sr iman naar AyaNaa as t he Oupanishada-
Par ama Pur ushan (t he Supr eme spir it r evealed in t he Upanishads). He is t he
same Par ama Pur ushan celebr at ed by Sr i Geet hOpanishad in t he chapt er on
Pur ushOt t hama Yogam. This Supr eme spir it of t he Upanishads has been
salut ed by AchAr ya RaamAnuj A as “Sr ut hi-sir asi Videept han” (t he shining
cr own of t he VedAs). The nect ar chur ned out of t he milky ocean of Upanishads
by Baadar AyaNA’s Br ahma sUt hr ams was int er pr et ed by AchAr yA RaamAnuj A
t o st r engt hen t he cit adel Of Sr i Visisht Advait ham and f ly high t he f lag of t he
supr emacy of our Soulabhya Par a VaasudEvan of Sr ir angam.
Wit h gr eat coher ency and clar it y, AchAr ya RaamAnuj A comment ed on
Baadar AyaNa sUt r As in His Sr i BhAshyam and elucidat ed “t he philosophically
cent r al af f ir mat ions of t he Upanishads”. As an easier t ext f or us t o
under st and, AchAr ya RaamAnuj A gave us VedAr t ha Sangr ahA, whose cent r al
pur pose was t o gat her int o f ocus t he t eachings of Upanishads. Sudar sana Sur i,
t he aut hor of Sr ut ha Pr akAsikA, an elabor at ion of Sr i Bhaashyam of AchAr ya
RaamAnuj A st at es t hat t he gr eat AchAr ya ext r act ed t he nect ar of
Vedaant hA, meaning Upanishads. Wit h his ef f ect ive and clear synt hesis of t he
bhEda, bhedAbhEda and abhEda sr ut his, AchAr ya RaamAnuj A was able t o
est ablish a coher ent doct r ine of Br ahman. The essence of AchAr yA’s t hesis
t hat is endear ing and assur ing is t hat t he Br ahman of t he Upanishads is t he
par at at t vA (Supr eme Realit y), par ahit A (t he supr eme way t o r edempt ion) and
Par apur ushAr t hA (t he supr eme goal).
For AchAr ya RaamAnuj A, “t he ult imat e spir it holds ALL t hings wit hin it and
abides as indweller in ALL t hings----- such is t he f inal subst ance and t he ent ir e
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67

message of t he Upanishads, accor ding t o RaamAnuj A. For his way of t hinking,
t he concept of Sr iman Naar AyaNaa, pr oper ly compr ehended, embodies in
it self t his philosophy complet ely. Hence one may, as well, conclude t hat t he
whole t eaching of t he Upanishads st ands summed up in a supr eme synt hesis in
t he concept of nAr AyaNaa”.
PERSO NA L G O D A ND THE UPA NISHIDIC BRA HM A N
Sr i RamAnuj A post ulat ed a per sonal God and def ined Br ahman t his way: “By
t he wor d Br ahman is denot ed t he highest per son, who is, by nat ur e, devoid of
all evil, and is possessed of host s of auspicious qualit ies, which ar e innumer able
and unsur passable in excellence”. He accept ed a wor ld t hat is r eal dist inct ly
dif f er ent f r om t he wor ld of illusion of t he advait ins. Regar ding t he means of
at t ainment , AchAr ya RaamAnuj A accept ed Bhakt hi and Pr apat t hi, “wher ein t he
Lor d is consider ed bot h as a means and t he obj ect of at t ainment . Only he
at t ains t he Lor d, whom he elect s wit h gr ace”. This is t he essence of Sr i
Visisht Advait ha Dar sanam and Par ama pur usha pr asAdham is cent r al t o it and
t he Samast ha chidachidh vast hu sar eer an as akhilAt hman blesses us t o gain
Moksham. These t hen ar e t he conclusions of AchAr ya RaamAnuj A t hat we
cher ish as t he dist illat ion of t he essence of t he Upanishads on t he
aupanishadic Par ama Pur ushan r eclining on His ser pent bed at Sr ir angam.
THE SO URC E UPA NISHA DS FO R SRI RA A M A NUJA ’ S SRI SO O KTHIS
The 15 upanishads quot ed by AchAr ya RaamAnuj A t o develop his synt het ic
appr oach t o r econcile t he t hr ee cat egor ies of sr ut his ar e:
1. I sa,
2. Kena,
3. Kat ha,
4. Pr asna,
5. Mundaka,
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6. MaandUkya,
7. ait ar Eya,
8. Tait t ir I ya,
9. ChandOgya,
10. Br ihadAr aNyaka,
11. KaushI t akI ,
12. Svet Asvaat ar a,
13. MahOpanishad,
14. SubAlOpanishad and
15. MahA naar AyaNOpanishad.
SRIM A N NA RA YA NA A O F M A HA NA RA YA NO PA NISHA D
I will conclude wit h select mant hr ams of MahA nAr AyaNOPanishad. This
Upanishad has moving r evelat or y passages on t he ident it y of t he Par amAt hMan
(Par amapur ushan). I n t he ver y f ir st mant hr am, which has pr of ound meanings,
t he r ole of t he Lor d of cr eat ion is salut ed.
H¹¬F4 9l¹ ¬ 4+F4 P\4 +lTF4 9 U Pr6l Prl4l+ ·
H 4 T 74l 6l‡|9 BP+ 9|47- 9=l9|6¾¹|6 ¬¬ H-6-+
ambhasya paar E bhuvanasya madhyE
naakasya pr ushThE mahat O maheeyAn |
Sukr ENa j yOt I gumshi samanupr avishTa:
pr aj Apat iscar at i gar bhE ant a: | |
M EA NING :
“The Lor d of Cr eat ion, who is pr esent in t he shor e less wat er s, on t he Ear t h
and above t he Heaven and who is gr eat er t han t he gr eat , having ent er ed t he
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shining int elligence of cr eat ur es in seed f or m, act s in f et us (which gr ows int o
t he living being t hat is bor n)”.
This Lor d of Cr eat ion and t he ant har yAmi Br ahman is r ecognized in t he next
mant hr am as t he sour ce of power by which all Gods r emain enj oying t heir
r espect ive power s (Sar vam yasmin dEvA adhi visvE nishEdhu:). The Upanishad
goes ont o declar e t hat cer t ainly has been t r ue in t he past and will be t r ue in
t he f ut ur e (t adhr Eva bhUt am t adu bhavyamA).
I n sect ion 12, t he 17
t h
mant hr am of t his Upanishad we come acr oss t he
connect ion of t he Lor d t o Pr aNavam:
4l 4 7l7l F4¹- 9l ±l 4 7l-6 ¬ 9|6|U6-·
6F4 9T |6¬l+F4 4- 9¹- B Pr H¹-+
yO vEdAdou svar a: pr Okt O vEdAnt E ca pr at ishThit a: |
t asya pr akr ut ileenasya ya; par a: sa mahEsvar a: | |
This mant hr am asser t s t hat t his Lor d of Cr eat ion is t he supr eme Lor d, who
t r anscends t he syllable OM, which is invoked at t he commencement of t he
r ecit al of t he VedAs, which is well est ablished in Upanishads and which is
dissolved in t he pr imal cause dur ing cont emplat ion.
The next f ew mant hr ams ident if y t his supr eme Lor d as Sr iman nAr AyaNaa:
+l¹l4T Prl¬ 4 |4HltPl+ 9¹l4TP
naar AyaNam mahAj ~nEyam visvAt mAnam par AyaNam
This Supr eme Lor d, Sr iman nAr AyaNaa is declar ed as t he One, who is
supr emely wor t hy of being known by t he J eevans and r ecognized as t he
supr eme goal.
The t hunder ing st at ement s t hat f ollow ar e:
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70
+l¹l4T- 9¹ ¤O 6x4 +l¹l4T- 9¹-·
+l¹l4T- 9¹l 74l|6¹ltPl +l¹4T- 9¹-+
+l¹l4T- 9¹l \4l6l \4l+ +l¹l4T- 9¹-·
naar AyaNa: par am br ahma t at t vam naar AYaNa: par a: |
naar ayaNa: par O j yOt ir At mA naar ayaNa: par a: | |
naar ayaNa: par O dhyAt A dhyAnam naar ayaNa: par a: |
M EA NING :
nAr AyaNaa is t he supr eme r ealit y designat ed as Br ahmman. nAr AyaNaa is t he
lof t iest of all pr inciples. nAr AyaNaa is t he supr eme ef f ulgence descr ibed by
Upanishads. nAr AyaNaa is THE I NFI NI TE SELF. He is t he most out st anding
mediat or and medit at ion.

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4¬ |T|¾=¬t4|FP+ †746 ~ 46 5|9 4l·
H-64 |r¾ 6tB4 -4l-4 +l¹l4T- |F¤6-+
yacca kinj ij agat yasmin dr usyat E Sr Uyat Epi vaa |
ant ar bahisca t at sar vam vyApya naar AyaNa: st hit a: | |
M EA NING :
What soever t hat is compr ehended t hr ough per cept ion or known t hr ough
hear ing, all t hat is per vaded by nAr AyaNaa wit hin (indweller ) and out side.
A C O NC LUDING SA LUTA TIO N TO THE SA KA LA UPA NISHA D SVA RUPA N
This Lor d of Sr ir angam, who has been salut ed as mahat yasa: (t he gr eat glor y).
He is t he web and woof of cr eat ion salut ed by t he Upanishads. He r eclines
under Pr aNavAkr ut hi VimAnam and glor if ies t he meaning of Pr aNavam
(Pr aNavAr t ha Pr akAsakan). He is t he Par a Vaasudevan of Par ama Padam. He is
RangEsan. He has Sr ir angam as His t emple by t he side of KaavEr i River and His
ot her home is by t he side of Vir aj A River in Sr i Vaikunt am. That Sr i
RangasAyee is salut ed by t his f amous slOkam:
Tl4 ¹l |4¹=lH 4 4 T… 'ó ¹ñP|-7¹
B 4lB 7 4l ¹ñ H- 9t4¬ 9¹P 97P ·
|4Pl+ 9T4lTl¹ 4 7~ ñ Pr7 ¬ 6P
~l¹ñHl4l ¬¬4l+ 9T4l¤ 9TlHT-+
kAvEr I vir aj AsEyam vaikuNTham r angamandir am
sA vaasudEvO r angEsa: pr at hyaksham par amam padam |
vimAnam pr aNavAkAr am vEdasr ungam mahAdbhut am
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Sr ir angasAyee bhagavAn pr aNavAr t ha pr akAsaka: | |
I t is t his Sr i RangasAyee salut ed by Upanishads t hat Saint Thyagar Aj A
implor ed t o come t o him at Sr ir angam in his celebr at ed KaambhOj i Raaga
Kr t ihi: Oh RangasAyee! Pilachit E-Oh yanuchu r aa r aadhAA? (Oh Rangasaayee!
When I implor e you t o come t o me, why should you not r espond?). Saint
Thyagar aj a composed t he Sr ir anga Panchar at hna kr it his on t his Lor d r eclining
on Adhi SEshA at Sr ir angam.
Sr ir anga KshEt hr am is t he puNya BhUmi. Like in Var aNAsi, anyone who
br eat hes t heir last her e r eaches Par ama Padam.
The gr eat Vedant in, Appayaa Dikshit har , who wr ot e t he comment ar y f or Swami
Desikan’s YadhavAbhudhayam point ed out t he signif icance of t his Mukt hi
KshEt hr am t his way:
²7 ¬ ¹ñ t4=6l|Prlñ
+ |4H6 5ñ 4|7=l6 ¬lñP ·
9Tl ¹¤lñ H4+ ¬ =ñ
4l+ |4rñ ¬¹T ¹¬ ¬lñP +
idham cha Rangam t yaj at hAmihAngam
na vidhyat hEangam yadhi j At huchAngam |
pANou r at hAngam sayanE bhuj angam
yaanE vihangam char aNEambhu gaangam | |
M EA NING :
This is Sr ir anga KshEt hr am. Ther e is no r ebir t h f or t hose, who shake of f t heir
mor t al coils her e. I f t hey per chance t ake up a body again, it will r et ur n t o t his
ear t h as t he ONE wit h Sudar sanam in it s hand, r est ing on Adhi SEshA, r iding
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on Gar udan and having t he sacr ed f eet f r om which t he holy Ganga River f lows.
That body will r et ur n wit h Suddha Sat t hvamaya Bhagavadh Saar Upyam.

Subamast hu!
Sar va MangaLAni sant hu it hi mahAnt O anugr haNNant hu!
Sr i RanganAt ha char anou Sar aNam pr apadhyE
Anant ha kOt i Pr aNAmams t o Sr i Rangapur a VihAr an
Oppiliappan Sannidhi Var adAchAr i SaThakOpan

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