PRESENT TENSE IN ENGLISH

It is used mainly in order to speak of facts more or less permanent and of actions habitual.

THE PRESENT EMPHATIC is used to: DO + infinitive:
1.-Add stress or contradict: I do want to do well. They do not do that. 2.-Form question or negative statements? Do you go to the lake in the summer? I do not know what you are talking about.
perso n singular plural 1 I do sing i.e. do sing 2 you do sing you do sing 3 She/he/it does sing they do sing
PRESENT SIMPLE FORM INTERROGATIVE AND NEGATIVE: interrogative Negative Do I speak English? I do not speak English you do not speak Do you speak English? English Does he/she speak he/she does not speak English? English we do not speak Do i.e. speak English? English you do not speak Do you speak English? English they do not speak Do they speak English? English

WHAT FORMS DOES IT HAVE? -Simple present, -Present progressive -Present emphatic. PRESENT SIMPLE.-is used for:

1.-An action (or state) occurring in the present. They speak Chinese. 2.-A habitual action (which is still true): I always study in the evening. 3.-Existing facts and external truths: Paris is the capital of France. I think therefore I am. There is only one inflected form in the simple present. That is the third person singular, which adds “s”.
perso n 1 2 3 singular I sing you sing She/he/it sings plural we sing you sing they sing

PAST TENSES IN INGLISH:

PRESENT SIMPLE FORM 3 PERSON SIGULAR: a) Verbs ending in O preceded by a
constant add ES. To do=> he doES, to go=>he goES. b) Verbs ending in Y preceded by a constant. Change Y for I and add ES. To carry=>he carriES. To tidy=>he tidiES. c) Verbs ending in Y preceded by a vowel add ‘S’. To buy=>he buys. To pay=>he pays. d) Verbs ending in CH, SH, S, X, Z : add ES. To teach=>he teaches; to brush=>he brushes. To cross=> he crosses.

There are three past tenses corresponding to the three present tenses. THE SIMPLE PAST: is the second principal part of the verb regular ends in ED I talked. And verb irregular. I sang :
person 1 2 3 singular I sang you sang She/he/it sang plural we sang you sang they sang

THE PAST PROGRESSIVE is formed by the simple
past of the verb TO BE plus the present participle of the main verb. To be +present participle.
person 1 2 3 singular I was singing you were singing she was singing plural we were singing you were singing they were singing

PRESENT PROGRESSIVE/CONTINUOUS:
It is use to describe an action that this producing at the moment in which it is spoken: Is used to: 1.-Stress the continuing nature of the verb’s action in either a statement or a question: I am still (aun) trying Are you going to the library now? 2.-Make a future action more immediate:

THE PAST EMPHATIC: DO=> DID+INFINITIVE
person singular 1 I did sing 2 you did sing 3 she did sing plural we did sing you did sing they did sing

OTHER PAST FORMS:

We are reading this book next week. I am going to the show tomorrow. This tense is formed with the present tense of TO BE plus the present participle. BE + VERB END ING:
pers on 1 2 3 singular I’ m Singing You are singing She/he/it is singing Plural we are singing You are singing They are singing

INMEDIATE PAST action: to have just (acabamos de) plus past participle. Example: Mary has just arrived this minute. HABITUAL PAST action: used to or would plus infinitive I used to go (solia ir) the movies every week. For a long time I would see (me justaria ver) them every day. REPEATED PAST action: kept on plus present participle. He kept on (seguir) doing it. PRESENT PERFECT HAVE+ PAST PARTICIPLE A consequence in the present of a state or an action of the past. Regular verbs: the past participle is ED the same as the past simple; clean=> cleaned Irregular verbs: the past participle is sometimes the same as the past simple and sometimes different. Buy=>bought. Fall=>fallen
I (he) We (hemos) You (has) They (han) He (que ha) She it have ('ve) have not (haven't) past participle cleaned finished started lost done been gone

FUTURE TENSES IN ENGLISH:

WHAT FORMS DO THEY HAVE? There are only two tenses for future time: the future and the future progressive. Both are compound tenses. THE FUTURE is formed by using the auxiliary WILL plus infinitive:
person 1 2 3 singular I shall sing you will sing she will sing plural we shall sing you will sing they will sing

FORM INTERROGATIVE

Shall I /we work? Will you/she/he/it/they work? FORM NEGATIVE: I / we shall not work you/she/he/it/they will not work THE FUTURE PROGRESSIVE is formed with the future of TO BE plus the present participle.
person 1 2 3 singular I will be singing you will be singing she will be singing plural we will be singing you will be singing they will be singing

has ('s) has not (hasn't)

HAVE I CLEANED? ( WE / YOU / THEY) HAS HE DONE? (SHE / IT) I have=he :we have=hemos; you have=habeis; they have=han He/she/ it has=ha

FUTURE IMMEDIATE: I am going to work FUTURE TIME
WILL.-We often call this the future simple, but technically there are no future tenses in English. The word will is a modal auxiliary verb. 1.-NO PLAN.- We use will when there is no prior(antes) plan or decision to do something before we speak. We make the decision at the time of speaking. Hold on. I’ll get a pen We often use will with the verb think:

I have Just(acaba de)+past participle Just= a short time ago They have just arrived I have already(ya he) +past participle Already=before you expected (esperar) We have already met(cumplir/encontrar) I have not+past participle+yet: Yet=until now (todavia), yet is usually at the end. You can use yet in negative sentences and questions No they have not arrived yet. Have they arrived yet? How long have(hace cuanto tiempo) subject+past participle Haw long has she been in Ireland? She has been in Ireland since(desde) Monday She has been in Ireland for(durante)three days

I think I’ll go to the gym tomorrow.

2.-Prediction.-We often use will to make a `prediction about the future. It will rain tomorrow. 3.-BE.-the verb be is an exception with

will. I will be in London tomorrow. GOING TO.-We use special going to construction when we have the intention to do something before we speak. I am going to buy a new TV. We often use going to make prediction about the future. Our prediction is based on evidence. It is going to snow. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN WILL AND GOING TO

WILL.-we use will when we decide to do something at the time of speaking. The speaker has not decided before. Going to.-we use (be) going to when we have already decided to do something. HAVE GOT
have got: positive question: negative

I/ you / we/ they: (HAVE GOT) They have got a new car They’ve got a new car he/she/it :(HAS GOT) he has got a new car he' s got a new car (contraction: YES)

I / you/ we/ they:(have got)
How many children have you got?

I / you/ we/ they: (haven’t got)
we have not got a dog we haven't got a dog

He /she / it: (has got)
How many children has he got? (there is no contracted)

he/she/it:(hasn’t got)
she has not got a dog she hasn't got a dog (contracted: yes) negative

HAVE

have

positive

question:

I/you/we/they: (have)
They have a new car he/she/it; (has) he has a new car (there is no contraction),

I/you/we/they: (have)
How many children do you have?

I/you/we/they: (have)
they do not have a dog they don’t have a dog

he/she/it (has)
How many children does he have? (there is no contracted)

he/she/it: (have)
she does not have a dog she doesn’t have a dog (contracted: YES)

Have got can only be used for possession Both have and have got may be used for possession. Only have is used when talking about actions, Have got is only used in the present simple.

COULD (poder en condicional). Used for form the past subjunctive to express the possibility and ask permission of form educated. I wish I could play the piano COULD +HAVE+PARTICIPLE PAST. Express an action that there has been no.

Have use for the tenses or future forms.
PRETERITE.- to have (got)

I had (got) You had (got) He / she / it / had (got) We had (got) You had(got) They had(got)

AUXILIARES: BE (SER) It is used by conjugation of the verbs in the progressive times. HAVE (haber) It is used by conjugation in times compound of the past. DO (hacer) for form the sentences interrogatives and negatives y answers shorts and insist sentences affirmatives. LET (dejar) used to form imperative. WILL y SHALL.-It is auxiliary the future. SHALL.-It is use by 1ra. Person singular and plural. Shall not=shan’t Will not= won’t We shall come with you WOULD(podria).- it is auxiliary of conditional. Would not = wouldn’t

Could not=couldn’t Could I have happened. MAY.-Express a uncertainty, eventuality and permission in the present and future. In the past used : may+ have+ participle past In the sentences interrogatives is use: to be likely (ser probable). It may have happened. Might (poder, ser posible) .Express an eventuality more unlikely that may. In the past: might+ have+ participle past. WILL. Express a will (voluntad) or a rejection. Will you have some tea? Listen will you? SHALL. To propose and it is used of form interrogative of 1ra. And 3ra. Person singular and plural. Shall I help you? Shall we take my car?
Must:(deber) Express an obligation only exist in the present simple. We must find a solution With Must the questions and negations is form without DO Mustn’t=is used to Express a prohibition

I’d like to believe you MODALES AUXILIARY CAN (poder).-express a capacity, a permission or a possibility. Can you count? I can’t hear you Too to verbs perception involuntary (to hear) and operations intellectuals (to understand). The past is could. The future is will be able to SHOULD (deber en condicional). Express an advice, suggestion or a probability. Should not=shouldn’t. Present: should + infinitive Past: should + have+ participle past You should always have an umbrella with you. OUGHT TO.-(deber en condicional).indicate an obligation outside too express a probability. She ought to be back new Ought not to= oughtn’t to NEED (necesitar) Express a necessity or an opinion of speaker. In the past: need+ have+ participle past Need I tell you? DARE (atreverse). It is used in the form negative. I daren’t think about it.

In the past is use to: must+ have+ participle past I must have put the wrong address In the future : be sure to

WHY (porqué) it is used for ask which is reason of event or action. Why don’t you like her? WHERE (dónde) one talks about at location. Where can I buy stamps? WHEN (cuándo) one talks about to the date or an hour When does it open? Whose (cuyo, de quién) one talks about to the position. Whose is that? EXPRESSIONS EVER: A sentence negative, have only a term negative. In one sentence that already includes a term negative how nothing (nada), no one (nadie) , it is used ever. I can never get an arrow onto the target. Nothing ever works in this kitchen.

FORMS OF HELPING VERBS Primary helping verbs: Do=>to make simple tenses, and questions and negatives Be => to make continuous tenses, and the passive voice. Have =>to make perfect tenses. Modal helping verbs: Can(poder) =>could (podria) May (poder)=>might (podria) Will (deseo)=>would(se,desearia) Shall (deber)=>should(deberia) Must(deber)=>Ought to(beberia)

Table rules

Can => possible Can’t => impossible must => necessary have to => obligatory don’t have to=> not necessary mustn’t => prohibited or forbidden THE MAINS INTERROGATIVES:
WHO+ auxiliary+ subject+ verb?

WHO (quien).one always talks about a person. Who ask you? Who did you ask? WHICH (cuál) One always talks about as person how a things. Which teacher do you like? WHAT (qué-cuál) one talks about(se refiere) a persons, but it can to talk about a things. What sport do you play? HOW (cómo) Express the mode or the facts of an action. Mode: how do you spell your name? Fact: How do you travel to work? How adjective or adverb, it is used for ask to somebody: how are you? HOW+ Adjective/Adverb+ Verb+ Subject? How tall are you? How long =durante/desde hace cuanto QUITE (desde luego, totalmente).One is used only in order to express an approval. That was a good meal, yes quite. QUITE A FEW (un buen numero de) one is used with a noun plural in order to Express one great amount. I have quite a few letters for you.

EVER (nunca). It is used in asks in simple present and present perfect it is placed before of verb main. Do you ever play tennis? Have you ever tired going onto the Internet before? She’s the nicest girl I’ve ever met. Visit the Eiffel tower If you ever go to Paris. NEVER (nunca).It is used only in form affirmative. I never drink drive. No one ever comes to visit me. Nothing’s ever perfect. How much.-are adjective interrogatives of amount, it is use before noun countless. How much Money is it? How many.-it is use before of a noun accountant in plural. How many books do you have? ADJECTIVE SOME (algunos,as). It is used before of a noun countless singular or accountant plural for express a amount vague. Some children were playing outside. PROUNOM SOME (algo, un poco) It is used for a noun countless o accountant in the plural. If you like milk, I have some. NO...ANY (no...ninguno) in the sentences negatives replace to any for the adjective some. SINCE (desde) It is used how preposition before of the date, hour, the moment that the action has begun. I have known her since 1999 SINCE (desde que) it is used how conjunction in order to introduce a sentence subordinate. QUITE (desde luego, muy realmente) it is used in order to Express facts presented how irrefutable. You are quite right. QUITE (bastante) one is used too with objectives that they express an opinion personnel. He is quite good at tennis. THAT (aquel, aquella) Express the distance in the space or in the time. I’m looking forward to that

SO (tan)+ adjective / adverb. It serves in order to express one acclamation. SO (asi, entonces) placed to principle of the sentence one is used how Adverb. So you found a job. ALL (todos).one is used how adjective before of a noun accountant or countless. If indicated the totality of something defined, the noun goes preceded of THE or of adjective demonstrative or possessive. When ALL express a mailing general the noun not takes article. ALL. It can use too with pronouns personnel. Pronouns personnel+ all All+ of+ pronoun personnel ALL (todo lo que).-All that. - That’s all we have/need. TO BE LIKELY (ser probable) one is used with infinitive in order to Express one action present and future. This meeting is likely to born me. FOR+expresión de duracion: I’ve lived in south for five years. SINCE +punto de partida: since I was 11 years old. AGO=expresa la nocion (hace). The couple met 2 years ago. A LITTLE (un poco).-it is used before of the adjective or after the verb. We wanted a little fresh air. A BIT (un poco).-lenguaje colloquial. It’s a bit bright but it looks nice. OLD(edad): to be+ number +years old. I’m 19 years old THE DEMOSTRATIVES THIS este, esta) Express the proximity in the space or in the time. I think we met this morning.

Singular:this  plural these Singular: that  plural those TO REMEMBER in order to evoke an action of the past. I remember my first day at work. TO REMIND. To that remember something. Remind me to phone him. HERE (aqui).-Designate the place where find the person that speak. HIERE (alli/allá). Designate a place distance of the person that Speak. THE APOSTROPHE FORMING POSSESSIVES OF NOUNS 1-To see if you need to make a possessive, turn the phrase around and make it an OF the. Phrase. The boy’s hat= the hat of the boy Three day’s journey=journey of three days 2.-No apostrophe is needed if the noun after OF is a building, an object, or a piece of furniture. Room of the hotel= hotel room Door of the car= car door Leg of the table= table leg. 3.-Once you’ve determined whether (si aunque) you need a possessive, follow these rules to create one. ADD S’ to the singular form of the word( even(incluso) if it ends in –S) The owner’s car James’s hat ADD S’ to the plural forms that do not end in –S The children’s game The geese’s honking ADD ‘ to the end of plural nouns that end in –S My parents’ house Three friends’ letters ADD S’ to the end of compound words My brother-in-law’s money ADD S’ to the last noun to show joint possession of an object. Ted and Anne’s flat. ADD ‘ or ‘S to the end of proper names: Mr Jones’ wife OR Mr Jones’s wife. OMITTED LETTERS: Don’t= do not I’m= I am

PREPOSITIONS OF TIME Midday=noon(12:00) Afternoon=12-6pm Morning=12 am-12 midday Evening=6pm -12 midnight Sunrise(salida del sol)=dawn(alba)=6am Subset(puesta del sol)= dusk (anochecer)=6pm HOURS: WHAT TIME IS IT? It is=It’s: 7:00 Seven ô clock 11:20 Eleven twenty 20 past eleven 1:15 A quarter past one One fifteen One a quarter 8:10 Eight ten Ten past eight 6:40 Six forty Forty past six Twenty to seven 1;05 Five past one One of five 12:35 Twelve thirty five Twenty five to one 2:55 Five to three 4:15 A quarter past four 12:00 Noon, midday 12:00 Midnight (medianoche) PROPOSITION OF TIME AT=(a) One is used with the hours and indicate one moment precise. At(home, school, work, the doctor’s, the cinema, the airport, the station, seven, noon) IN= (en) One is used with the months, station and years. ON=(el, los) One is used in order to introduce a date specific. Indicate a day of the week. On september 24 th, on Saturday.

He’ll =he will Who’s =who is Shouldn’t =should not Didn’t= did not Could’ve= could have LOS ADJETIVOS POSESIVOS
1RA 2DA 3RA SINGULAR my your his her PLURAL Our Your their their

LOS PRONOMBRES PERSONALES COMPLEMENTO

1RA 2DA 3RA masculine feminine Neutral

SINGULAR me you him her it

PLURAL Us You Them Them Them

PAST (CONTINUOUS=PROGRESSIVE ) TENSES The past continuous tense expresses action at a particular moment in the past. The action started before that moment but has not finished at that moment.
subject I/he/she/it you/they/we I/he/she/it you/they/we was were auxiliary verb was were was not were not I/he/she/it you/they/we main verb being joking playing playing being playing

silly football football Silly? Football?

We can join past continuous and simple past with when or while. Long action (watching TV), expressed with past continuous tense. Short action (telephoned), expressed with simple past tense. I was watching Tv. When you telephoned. Verbs not used with continuous tenses. We usually use the following verbs with simple tenses only. Hate (odio), like, love, need, prefer, want wish (deseo), believe(creer), imagine, know, mean, realize, recognize, remember, suppose, understand, belong(pertenecer), concern, consist, contain, depend, involve(implicar), matter,

owe(deber), own(propio), possess(poseer), appear(aparecer), resemble(parecerse), seem(parecer), hear, see. I want a coffee It seemed wrong. Notice(aviso) that we often use CAN+see/hear I can see someone in the distance I can’t hear you very well.

PERSONNEL PRONOUNS PRONOUNS PERSO GENDE SUBJEC N R T 1st m/f I 2 nd m/f YOU m HE 3rd f SHE n IT 1st m/f WE 2nd m/f YOU 3rd m/f/n THEY OBJEC T ME YOU HIM HER IT US YOU THEM POSSESSI VE MINE YOURS HIS HERS ITS OURS YOURS THEIRS REFLEXIVE MYSELF YOURSELF HIMSELF HERSELF ITSELF OURSELVES YOURSELVES THEMSELVES POSSESI VE ADJECTIV ES MY YOUR HIS HER ITS OUR YOUR THEIR

SINGULAR

PLURAL

TREVEL- TRIP- JOURNEY – TOUR - VOYAGE TRAVEL The word travel is used to talk about going from one place to another. -verb: Tom travels a lot in his job. -noun: travel nowadays is faster and less expensive then before: -adjective: there is a travel agency beside the bank. TRIP JOURNEY TOUR VOYAGE The word TRIP is used to talk about a short journey somewhere for a purpose o pleasure. My boss is often away on business trips. A journey is the distance covered in travelling from one place to another. Can refer to a long or a short regular one. How long is your journey to work? Just about 20 minutes A tour is journey during which several places are visited. We went on a tour of Italy. A voyage is a long journey by sea or in space.

PREPOSITIONS OF PLACE AT: FOR A POINT at the corner At the bus stop At the door At the top of the page At the end of the road At the entrance At the crossroads

IN:FOR AN ENCLOSED SPACE in the garden In London In France In a box In my pocket In my wallet In a building In a car

ON:FOR A SURFACE on the wall On the ceilling On the door On the cover On the floor On the carpet On the menu On a page

HAVE TO (objective obligation)

In general, have to expresses impersonal obligation. The subject of have to is obliged or forced to act by a separate, external power. The obligation is imposed from outside. In France, you have to drive on the right.
subject I I I She we they auxiliary verb main verb have had have have having had have infinitive to work to work to work to wait to change to do

past simple present simple future simple present continuous present perfect modal (may)

will is have may

yesterday today tomorrow the time it again

FORMATION OF COMPARATIVE ADJETIVES There are two ways to make or form a comparative adjective. Short adjectives add ER Long adjectives add MORE Short adjectives: One syllable: old => oldER: fast=> faster Two syllable: ending in Y: happy=> happiER :easy=> easiER Syllable ending in E add R: late=>later Syllable ending in vowel and Consonant: big=>bigger Long adjectives: add MORE 2 syllable not ending in Y: modern=>more modern All adjectives of 3 o more syllables: expansive=>more expensive. EXCEPTIONS:
Good=> better Bad=>worse Well=> better Far=>farther

USE OF COMPARATIVE
Although we use comparative adjectives when talking about two things (not three or more things). In fact one or both of the things may

be a group of things. He is taller than john.
I want to have a more powerful computer.

STRESS ON FIRST SYLLABLE: Most 2-syllable nouns; PRESent. Export, Table. Most 2-syllable adjectives: PREsent, SLENder, CLEVer, HAPpy STRESS ON LAST SYLLABLE: Most 2-syllable verbs: to preSENT, to deCIDE. To beGIN, STRESS ON PENULTIMATE SYLLABLE (second from end) Words ending in IC: GRAPHic, geoGRAPHic, geoLOGic, Words ending in SION and TION: teleVIsion, reveLAtion. STRESS ON ANTE-PENULTIMATE(third from end). Words ending in CY, Ty, PHY, GY: deMOcracy, dependaBIlity, phoTOgraphy, geOLogy. Words ending in AL: CRItical, geoLOGical. COMPOUND WORDS: For compound NOUNS, the stress is on the first part: BLACKbird, GREENhouse. For compound ADJECTIVES,the stress is on the second part: bab-TEMpered, oldFASHioned. For compound VERBS, the stress is on the second part.: to underSTAND, to overflow How to pronounce ED in English. The past simple tense and past participle of all regular verbs end in ED. There are 3 ways: id-t-d. Unvoiced (t): want => wanted =>id Voiced (d): end=>ended=> id Unvoiced ends in one of these sounds(p, f, s, ts, k) =>like=>t Voiced (all other sounds):=>play, allow,

SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES . A superlative adjective expresses the extreme or highest degree of a quality. We use a superlative adjective to describe the extreme quality of one thing in a group of things. Abc => A is the biggest. SHORT ADJECTIVES add EST One syllable adjectives: Old=> the

oldest Two syllable adjectives ending in Y: happy=>the happiest LONG ADJECTIVES use MOST Two syllable adjectives not ending in Y: modern=>the most modern. All adjectives of 3 or more syllables; expensive=> the most expensive. EXCEPTION: GOOD => the best Bad=> the worst Far=> the furthest. WHAT IS WORD STRESS? In English, we do not say each syllable with the same force or strength, in one word, we accentuate one syllable. We say one syllable loudly and all the other syllables very quietly. There are two very important rules about word stress: 1.-one word, one stress 2.-the stress is always on a vowel SHOULD(deberia) SUBJECT+SHOULD +MAIN VERB
subject auxiliary verb should should not he main verb go go go ?

beg :=>d EXPRESSING LIKES AND DISLIKES ++ I really love it (lo amo realmente) I really enjoy I really like + I quite enjoy it (completamente disfruto de ello) I quite like - - I really hate it (lo odio realmente) - I don’t like it very much (no me justa mucho) COMPARATIVES: Boys are stronger than girls Girls aren’t as stronger as boys Girls are better students than boys Boys aren’t as good students as Girls

CAN: possibility and ability

+ ?

he he should

We use can to talk about what is possible, what we are able or free to do: She can drive a car John can speak Spanish. Normally, we use can for the present. But it is possible to use can when we make present decisions about future ability.
subject I He Can auxiliary must can can’t you main verb play play play tennis tennis Tennis?

Should is invariable. There is only one

form of should. The main verb is always the bare(exponer) infinitive (infinitive without to) We use should mainly to: Give advice(consejo), opinion or recommendations(similar to ought to) -You should speak to him about it. Talk about obligation, duty, correctness(also similar to ought to) -You should be wearing your seat belt. (obligation) -they should do something about this terrible train service Should express a personnel opinion and is much weaker and more personal than Must or have to. It is often introduced by I think. I think they should replace (sustituir)

CAN: Requests(solicitor) and orders:
We often use can in a question to ask somebody to do something. Can you make a cup of coffee, please Can you put the TV on CAN: permission(permiso) We sometime use can to ask or give permission for something. Can I smoke in this room? You can’t smoke here, but you can smoke in the garden. COULD (podría): possibility, ability and requests: We use could to talk about what was possible in the past, what we were able or free to do: I could swim when I was 5 years old.

him. MUST (subjective obligation) In general, must Expresses personal obligation. Must expresses what the speaker think is necessary. Must is subjective. It is not imposed from outside. I must stop smoking You must visit us soon(pronto) We can use must to talk about the present or the future. I must go now (present) I must call my mother tomorrow (future).
subject I you we auxiliary must main verb must go home must visit us must stop now

subject auxiliary must My grandmother could she Couldn’t could Your grandmother

main verb swim walk Swim?

BE ABLE TO (ser capaz de): ability. We use be able to for express ability. Can and could have no infinitive form. So we use be able to when we want to use other tenses or the infinitive. I was able to drive I will be able to drive I have been able to drive
subject I she are Able Be main verb adjective am able Isn’t able you able infinitive To drive To drive To drive?

Like all (como todos) auxiliary verbs, must cannot be followed by: TO. I must go now. MUST NOT=MUSTN’T (prohibition). Must not expresses prohibitionsomething that is not permited, not allowed. The prohibition can be subjective (the speaker’s opinion) or objective (a real law or rule).
subject I you students auxiliary must Mustn’t Mustn’t Must not main verb forget disturb be My keys him late

WAKE UP Well yes I don’t know To have on (v) To come down to(v) everything everybody Not yet To look like (v) I think so To be all right I am all right See you tomorrow Lucky you How many By the way Let’s try O’ clock It’ s very easy Of course To get up (v) All over Never mind How long Can I help you All right That’s right before during while after Very nice truly Very friendly lovely Write to me soon What can I do for you I’ve an appointment Hold on please What is your job What do you do So that He leaves home Get back home never Hardly ever sometimes often usually always Put on

despiertese Pues si No lo sé Llevar/ Bajar, llegar todo todos Todavia no parecer Eso creo Estar bien Estoy bien Hasta mañana Que suerte cunatos Por cierto Voya intentarlo En punto Es muy facil Por supuesto levantarse totalmente No importa.da igaul Cuanto tiempo Puedo ayudarlo De acuerdo Es verdad antes durante mientras despues Muy bonita verdaderamente Muy amable bello Escri.me pronto Can I help you Tengo una cita Espera por favor Cual es su trabajo Que hace usted De modo que Se va de casa Vuelve a casa nuca Casi nunca A veces A menudo habitualemente siempre ponerse

Anything else Are you coming To come out(v) That’s all Let’s see How much To be right(v) To be careful(v) Why not What about What else What’s going on Let me see Which one Right here so To have a look To take off(v) To take long(v) On the left To run out of High street To queue up (v) It doesn’t matter To come back (v) To find out(v) Look for Look at Look after Take care Think about Think of Wait for To<> from Into<>out of On<> off Up<> down Through<>round Along<> across past Next to beside between In front of behind opposite above below Get home Arrive home Get to

Algo mas vienes Salir, quitar Es todo veamos cuanto Tener razon Tener cuidado Porque no Que hay de Que mas Que ocurre A ver A cual Aqui mismo Asi que, bien Echar una ojeada quitar
Necesito mucho tiempo

A la izquierda Faltar, quedarse Calle mayor Hacer cola No importa volver Enterarse, encontrar buscar mirar cuidar Tener cuidado Pensar en parece esperar A<> de Dentro<> fuera de Arriva<> abajo A traves de<>redondo A lo largo<> a traves Por delante cerca A lado de entre frente detras opuesta arriba debajo Llegar a casa Llegar a casa Llegar a

In front of Full board To have just done To turn up out of the blue In order to Cut-price Car park What it will be like

delante Pension completa Acaba de hacer algo
Llegar de manera inesperada

Para: con el fin de rebajado aparcamiento Como cual será

Let’s go I would like Everyday On all days Everybody everyone everything All the things

vamos Me gustaria diario En todos los dias todos Cada uno todo Todas las cosas

Enough+noun: enough money/time/people Adjective+enough: tall, good, old/enough Can => pasado could => futuro will be able SONG EL CONDOR PASA (the shire) I’d rather be a sparrow than a snail Yes, I would( si me gustaria) If I could (si yo pudiera) I surely would Hm .. I ‘d rather be a hommer than a nail Yes I would If I only could I surely would Hm.. away I’d rather sail away Like a swan that’s here and gone A man gets tied up to the ground He gives the world It’s saddest sound I’d rather be a forest than a street Yes, I would If I could I surely would I’d rather feel the earth beneath my feet Yes, I would If I only could I surely would Away I’d rather sail away Like a swan That’s here and gone A man gets tied up to the ground He gives the world Its saddest sound I’d rather be a forest than street Yes, I would If I could I surely would I’d rather feel the earth beneath my feet Yes, I would If I only could. ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY Never <hardly ever<sometimes<often <
(Nuca) menudo) ( apenas) (a veces) (a

THE IMPPERATIVE AFFIRMATIVE 2da person singular and plural -Take a seat -Follow me, please 1ra and 3ra person singular and plural: .Let+ pronouns personal + infinitive without to. .Let+ group nominal +infinitive without to Let me check in the dictionary Let the party begin Let’s(let us) go to the beach Let them do what they want THE IMPERATIVE NEGATIVE 2nd. person singular and plural .Do not+ infinitive without to Don not touch that Don’t not be silly Language culture 1ra person of the plural: Let’s (let us)+not+ infinitive without to Let’s not argue. Language colloquial: 1ra. And 3ra. Person: .Do not+ let+ pronouns personal complement+ infinitive without to .Do not+ let+ group nominal+ infinitive without to. Don’t let me tall asleep Don’t let the children do what the want

Usually

(habitualmente)

< always

(siemppre)

What time do you wake up? (a que hora) (despertarse) I wake up at 6 am What time do you get up? (levantarse) I get up at 6:30 am What time do you leave home? (salir de casa) I leave home at 6:40 am What time do you go to work? (ir a trabajar) I go to work at 6:45 am. What time do you get to work? (llegar a trabajo) I get to work at 7: am What time do you start work? (comensar trabajar) I start work at 7:30 am What time do you have lunch? (comer) I have lunch at noon What time do you finish work? (termina a
trabajajr)

.

I finish at 4:30 pm What time do you get home? (llegar a casa) I get home at 5: pm What time do you have dinner? (cenar) I have dinner at 9 :pm What time do you go to bed? (va a dormir) I go to bed at 11:30 pm What do you have for breakfast? (que tienes para desayunar) I have milk, bread toast, butter and jam How do you get to work? (como llega al trabajo) I get to work by car, or train Where do you come from? (de donde vienes) I come from the Spain.(vengo de) Where do you live? (donde vives) I live in Barcelona What do you say? (que me dices) What did you say? (que dijiste) What can I do for you? Can I help you? I have to see Dio I have an appointment with him Hold on please, I will call him, look for him

(espere)

I will see what I can do
(veré)

(que puedo hacer)

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