Practice 004 401 PR016

Date Feb 2009
Page 1 of 7

ARMECO
MANUAL HANDLING

PURPOSE
The purpose of this Procedure is to define the requirements for the identification,
assessment and control of risks arising from manual handling tasks in the
workplace on the ARMECO site. In doing so the Procedure has the following
aims:

Protection of the health and safety of personnel;

Compliance with relevant statutory requirements; and

Reduction and control of risks associated with manual handling tasks.
SCOPE
This procedure defines risk reductions steps for manual handling of workplace
materials and objects.
APPLICATION
This procedure shall apply to all work places for all Project and contractor
personnel.
DEFINITIONS
Manual handling is defined as any activity requiring the use of force exerted by a
person to lift, push, pull, carry or otherwise move or restrain any animate or
inanimate object.
Manual Handling is considered to have greater risk if any of the following
characteristics are present:

Repetitive or sustained application of force;

Repetitive or sustained awkward posture;

Repetitive or sustained movement;

Application of high force;

Exposure to sustained vibration;

Handling of unstable or unbalanced loads or loads which are difficult to
grasp or hold; or

Manual handling of containers of hazardous substances e.g., sulphuric acid.

Health, Safety & Environmental

......................................... 1 DEFINITIONS......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4 4............................0 RISK ASSESSMENT.................................. 6 7.....................................................................2 Consultation................................................. 3 4......................................................0 GENERAL....... 4 4..............................................3 Use of a General Risk Identification Checklist................... Safety & Environmental ......................................................................0 CONSULTATION........... 1 APPLICATION.................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1 SCOPE................................................................... 3 2.................. 7 Health...............Practice 004 401 PR016 Date Feb 2009 Page 2 of 7 ARMECO MANUAL HANDLING PURPOSE........................4 5.......................................................................................................................................................... 1 1............................................................................. 5 6...............................................................................................................3 3...................................................0 REFERENCES............0 RISK CONTROL................................................................................................................................ 3 4..................................................................................................................0 RISK IDENTIFICATION.................................................0 STATUTORY AND REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS..................................1 Analysis of Injury Statistics............................................

 Consultation with Employees. 4.0 RISK IDENTIFICATION The first stage in the risk assessment and control of manual handling risks in the workplace is risk identification.Practice 004 401 PR016 Date Feb 2009 Page 3 of 7 ARMECO MANUAL HANDLING 1. Consultation should take place as early as possible when planning for the introduction of new or modified manual handling tasks or in the review of existing tasks to allow for early incorporation in the task of any changes. including a change in the place where that task is carried out.0 CONSULTATION The assessment and control of manual handling tasks in the workplace shall be carried out by management and supervisory personnel in consultation with employees required to carry out the tasks. 2. and  General Risk Identification Checklist.  Before any alteration is made to objects used in a workplace or to systems of work which include a task involving manual handling. Additionally. Three basic means of risk identification are:  Analysis of Injury Statistics. 3. The Project/Site Manager must verify that any task involving hazardous manual handling is identified:  Before any task involving manual handling is undertaken for the first time in the workplace. All personnel will be trained in safe Manual Handling techniques.0 STATUTORY AND REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS The Project shall comply with relevant state and national legislative requirements. together with HSE representatives. Safety & Environmental . employees and their HSE representatives should be consulted whenever control measures are proposed and when the effectiveness of control measures implemented are being considered. Health. codes of practice. industry and national standards.0 GENERAL All tasks will be assessed for the risk of injury or harm from manual handling.

3 Use of a General Risk Identification Checklist The checklist should cover but is not limited to such key risk factors as: Posture and Layout  What is the weight of the object?  Is stooping involved where the hands pass below mid-thigh height?  Is reaching above shoulder height involved?  Is forward reaching (more than 30 cm (approximately 12 inches) away from the body) involved?  Is significant sideways twisting of the body involved?  Is unbalanced or uneven lifting or carrying involved? Health. etc. fracture. In this way. handling objects etc.g.. Consultation should take place as early as possible in the planning for the introduction of new or modified manual handling tasks. when decisions are being taken on various control measures to reduce risk factors). and If an occurrence of a musculoskeletal disorder in a workplace is reported by or on behalf of an employee.g..  The part of the body injured (e.2 Consultation Consultation among employees required to undertake the tasks and the relevant HSE representatives for the work group must take place throughout the process (e.  The nature of the injury (e.  The occupation. 4. etc. Analysis of Injury Statistics Indicators to consider during analysis of injury statistics include:  In what area of the workplace the injury occurred. 4.1 If new or additional information about hazardous manual handling being associated with a task becomes available. changes that may arise can be more easily implemented.. Safety & Environmental . shoulder. back. neck.g. and  The type of accident (e.). or job/task of the injured person. strain. Consider the frequency and severity of injuries in relation to the numbers of employees and the hours worked. laceration. overexertion and physical stress in lifting object.. sprain.).g.).Practice 004 401 PR016 Date Feb 2009 Page 4 of 7 ARMECO MANUAL HANDLING   4. when determining the approach and methods for addressing manual handling problems that affect a health and safety representative’s work group. when identifying problem areas.

. pulling.  Layout of the workplace.Practice 004 401 PR016 Date Feb 2009 Page 5 of 7 ARMECO MANUAL HANDLING  Is an awkward grip involved? Task and Object  Is handling performed for more than one hour at a time?  Is handling performed more than once every five minutes?  Are there any forces applied to move the object. apart from lifting e. or sudden changes or delays to the flow of materials?  Is the work affected by the unavailability of people to do work within a deadline? Age.g.  Distance and time handled.  Duration and frequency of activity. Does it have handles)? Workplace Conditions  Is the task performed in a confined space?  Is the workplace hot.  Postural requirements. the risk to health and safety of the person undertaking that task must be assessed. 5.0 RISK ASSESSMENT Having identified the hazards associated with a specific manual handling task.  Force applied. or poorly lit?  Are the floor surfaces slippery or uneven? Work Organization  Is the work frequency affected by bottlenecks. Health. Skill and Experience of Employee Projects are advised to refer to any available regulatory checklists for further detail. pushing.g. restraining/holding?  Is there a long vertical distance of travel (more than 25 cm )?  Is the weight of the object?  Does the object have sharp edges or contain hot/cold materials?  Does it have unstable/unbalanced contents?  Are slippery materials/objects handled?  Is the object bulky or awkward (more than 75 cm in two directions)?  Is the object an unusual shape (e. Safety & Environmental . cold. Each of the following risk factors should be assessed:  Actions and movements involved.

Work organization. Nature of the object handled. If all the above are not practicable then the Project/Site Manager must provide training in methods of manual handling appropriate for that manual handling. including heat. and Size of the person carrying out the manual handling task. Analysis of injury statistics. that acts directly on the person carrying out the task. If removal of the risk is not practicable. Skill and experience of the person carrying out the manual handling. Safety & Environmental . Age. If the task has been assessed as a risk and it is not practicable to redesign the manual handling to remove the risk or substantially reduce the factors contributing to the risk then the Project/Site Manager must provide mechanical aids (and training in their use) to assist the person carrying out the task. shape and/or weight. This may include increased attention to housekeeping and maintenance functions. Environmental conditions. if practicable. cold and vibration. equipment and furniture may be modified or re-arranged. Nature of load. if practicable redesign the manual handling to remove the risk. redesign the manual handling in order to reduce substantially the factors contributing to the risk. 6. Health. smaller or different size. the Project/Site Manager must. The Project/Site Manager must verify that a risk assessment is reviewed and revised where necessary.Practice 004 401 PR016 Date Feb 2009 Page 6 of 7 ARMECO MANUAL HANDLING           Range of weights handled.0 RISK CONTROL If a manual handling task has been assessed as a risk then the Project/Site Manager must. Control options include but are not limited to: Modify Object The object being handled may be modified or repackaged into a bigger. Availability of mechanical aids. Modify Workplace Layout The layout of the plant. and condition of workplace.

Toolbox Meetings and Pre Start Check Lists Supervisors and team leaders are to discuss the potential hazards of manual handling. Different Actions or Movements With or without workplace modifications. Control strategies to eliminate and or reduce the potential are to be discussed prior to work commencing. team lifting). Safety and Environmental Practice Office Health. and path(s) of materials flow may be modified. a task may be done in a different way. Safety and Environmental Practice Engineering Health.0 REFERENCES Corporate HSE General Health. 7. using different actions and movements. Safety & Environmental . Modify Task – Mechanical Assistance The risk of a task may be reduced by simple mechanical assistance provided by simple levers and minor re-arrangements of equipment and plant.Practice 004 401 PR016 Date Feb 2009 Page 7 of 7 ARMECO MANUAL HANDLING Rearrange Materials Flow The schedule or timing.e. Safety and Environmental Practice Execution Health. Safety and Environmental Practice Health. Modify the Task – Team Lifting The actions and movements required can be modified by the assistance of others (i. Mechanical Handling Equipment The provision of mechanical handling equipment can reduce the risk by reducing the force required..